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I.J Stanford, Ky - January 3. 1888 W. P. WALTON. Gov. BuCKXEu't) meegiKe Is n production of which any wau uiiijnt be proud. It shows a tborjuuh knowledge of ttie status of State afitir and tils miirxestlons are timely, well ojnsulere J ami in the iniin such as oui;ht to be adopted N) ptrt of the public badness is overlooked mid the beauty of it is ttiat there is no Induluenca in pappy-cock abjut initio ml aftiirs. He commends the wisdom o( th former lejjis lalure io adopting a new revenue law which ban resulted in h more equitable assessment and made a balance of $107iS4 S3 in plsce of the dtficit of previous years, A few amendments may ba necessary, but cue should be tukeu nut tomidify the pnoci pal features of the biii. Attention is called to the unnecessary expenditures iin posed for criminal proecution, record books and idiols and he sugests restrictive legislature on the subject of guards for prisoner. All tinea should be immediate ly covered into the treasury and the officers entitled by law to percentiles fnitn I heal ba paid by warrants from the auditor, became much of the fiocs collected are now never accounted for. ' He calls attention to the unconstitutionality of net exempting private propsrty from fixation, recommends the examination of the accounts of the auditor and treasurer a til a thorough revision of the criminal laws. Assassination and burglary, when accompanied bv arson, en dangering life, should ba punished with exceptional severity and n statute pissed defining clearly what cases are bailable. The growing evil of bribery in elections is dwelt upon and tl e suggestion made that the briber should sufiVr even more severely than the bribed. Upon the exercise of the pirdoning power, the governor is peculiarly level headed. Applications for it are always ex parte statements and ofien untrue, and he asks that in order that he may act fairly in all cases, thai a law be pissed making it the duty of the prosecuting attorney to forward him a statement of what was proved in the case, when on trial. He is greatly pleased with the labors of the railroad comtnissiou and wants their powers considerably enlarged, their office located at Frankfort and sufficient salary fixed one of the commissioners at leant in devoting his entire lime to his duties. The public build ings should be thoroughly repaired, enlsrg ed and improved; the Bureau of Agriculture ahould be abolished and its duties to the Agricultural mid Mechanical College, and th-1 institution be converted into a school of technology, where mining, mechanics, engineering, as well as agriculture mav be taught. Tue building of an asylum for colored lunatics is urged and its immediate construction BUggssted He wants theeffics of Iopector of Pub'ic Works and Instiiiitii m creatad, eo that the otate" property and interests nny bs bet ter looked after; a special tax for the sup port of the 8ute guard and a law inflicting a heavy penalty for the raising of military companies except under express authority He concratiilale the State on I er liberal direct appropriation for public education, which is ureater than any other, with pos eibfy tv?o exceptions, reaching last year to $1,247,798 40, Tr.e insurance department should be raised to the dignity of a separate and independent one, with the commis sioner appointed by the executive The rapid ircrease of the out-put of coal, which last year amounted to 44 830.000 bust els, ie verr gratifying and every attention should be given to improving the sanitary condition of the mines and lessening tbe dangers of their operation. He recom meeds that any appropriation made for the branch penitentiary should be to complete the portion now under contract, before any attempt at enlarging it. The excellent con ditiou of the Frankfort penitentiary is ciui mented upon, tt c librarian is corn liinent ed and the angles ion mils tint tne State sliouid hive a vole rqnal to the amount of stock she holds in selecting officers for turn pike In protect her ioterests. Measures looking to prejerving the existing for ests from needles destruction and pravid ing for tbe encouraging of planting trees, are He thinks the Secretary of Stale ie too porly ptld and wants his aala ry increased to a sum commensurate with his duties, Tne elections under the luctl option Uw should be fixed no as not to occur on the day of any other election, einie the objects are of a moral rather than ot a political character. A special fund to be used for the detection of crime anJ arrest of criu nitidis eukigexled and the evils of special legislation appropriately discussed. Private bills cover 2 1G3 p'gea of the Ac a of the last L'gislaiurtmud public ac a but 274. The Kowbii county lawlestues is CuUimenltd uu aid deplored and a thorough investigation oi the wuole recommended wuti a viosr of talcing sucn action us may best euforce the law aid aalntaiu tue digoity and luipirlUlity of tbe iudiciary. He desires a severd penalty affixed lor any failure of official duty and tne judici al ejecting from office of suoh de lmqueuis. He thinks that the attorney general should le made the head of a department of justice and that prosecuting attorneys be subordinate to and make full reports to it. Tne geological survey has bean of incalculable advantage to the Sta e lid it ought to bj liberally provided for, and the pay of tbe director increased. several suggestions for cresting sew fllcea and raising salaries, tne people will bb pleased with the message and proud of the grand old bu wood inV placed in tbe high signally honors. bar The Case of Mr Davison, Al the meeting of the present Genmal Assembly of Kentucky a protest against me Boating oi u. ai, jjarison as the member from Lincoln county was presented to tne House of Representative, iialtig n matter in which our readers are more or loss concerned we publish the protest and the names of tbe signers It reads ai follow: 2o the House of Representatives of the Gen eral A&tcmbly of Aentucky: We, ttie uudnsjrftitM citlzins of Lincoln county would respectfully protect agtinst G. M Davison taking his seat in thellouso of Representatives as the representative of thi citinly, lor tne following leaion: i!. csuie at ih time of his alleged election in August, 1SS7, he held the office of master ommlsduner at the Lincoln Circuit Court under appointment of is October teru.. 1SS0, a enpv of which accompanies thin protect. He 1ms eincn held the office, exercised its duties and received its emolii. unienta and does to the date of this protoat as shown bv nodes of sales nivertised to be made by him aa muster commissioner aforesaid, cople of which are enclosed. We base this protest on Art. 2, Sec. 27, of the Cinstltutlnn and upon Ghapt. 81, 8ec. (5 of the Qsnsral Statutes of Ksntumty. W. G. Wflch, A R. Penny. W. P Walton. J W Alcorn, Thomas Richards. The nnlv point made, it will be observed, is that Mr Davison is, under the constitution nf Kentucky, ineligible to this post lion, because nf the fact that ho is now, and was at the time of his electiop, Master Commissioner of the Lincoln Circuit Court. This will not, of course, he denied by him and the issue therefore is purely and solely one of law. If the two offices of represen tative and mister commissioner can be held by the same person and at the ssme time, then Mr. Davison is our representative and wo have naught to eay against it. If. how ever, be cannot hold bath offices without a violation of thn fundimeaial law of the State, which every good citiassn snould de (end, and which every member of the is sworn to defend, then assuredly he is not the representative of this county and the House at Frankfort ahould so ad judge Tbe sovereign peiple surely had the power to prescribe the qualifications of their representatives, and just as they did prescribe in the constitution that no person should be a representative who was not 24 yejMof age or who had not been a citizsu of the State two years, so they choee to prescribe, and for good and sound reason', that no person could hold this office and another at the eame lime. Art. 2, Sec, 27 of the constitution says; "X) pereon while he holds or exercises any effico of prjfit under this commonwealth or under the government of the Utiilel States, shall be eligib c to the General Assembly, except attorneys at law, justices of the peace and militia offijers." Sec. G, Chap. 81 of the General Statutes, declares, "A peruou folding an office, post or employment under this State or the U S , which is incompatible with a eeat in the legislature, nhall nut be voted for aa Senator or Representative until he has resigned his office, nor until a duplicate of his resignation haj been filed in the court of the county of his residence, and all votes given for him before such resignation is so filed shall bevold" Tue question thus is a sim ple one. I the position of master com misMoner ''an office under the commonwealth," and is it an office of profii?'' That it is a post of "profit" en not ba doubted. Trio eagerness with which it is sought, and the fees which litigants are by law compelled to pay to Commissioners, are quite conclusive of this point. Is it then an of fice uuder tbe commonwealth? To us it ejeius perfectly clear that it is. In the first plnce the Cimmissioner is created by law, and is not, as some affect to think, tbe mere creature of a circuit "Etch Circuit Conn shall appoint a Master Commissioner for bUcn court," Sjc 1, Cuap. 75, General Statutes. Tee same section evidently thought it had created an office for it provides that tbe commissioner shall not "continue in office" more than four years Tne same chapter enumerates the important cutiei of this offijs, provides for its fees, ami rrqilires the lucuuibsol to execute ii he-ivy bond, not to the judge, but "to the Commonwealth of Kentucky" for the faith- fill discharge of his duties Io the case of Duulap vs Ksnncdy (10 Dash 540) our Court of Appeals, too, teemed to think it was an olfije, for in that cast; tbey epeak of the mister cjuimissioner being regularly "induce 1 into ofli je," of his beiug removed "from office," and alsa of his "term of of dee." Ak'ain, to a plain uudershindmz it would seem that master commissioners "ure as much officers in the meaning of the con stittiuon as are attorneys at law, end yet the trainers of the cjnstitution in the section arwe q loted eidenily dusmad "ofli :er," because in tne same section they thought il necesory to expressly except thurn from its operation. In short, to our mind, at lent, saeuH io be no doubt wnntever that Mr. Dvton as com misiioner held an office of pioSt under the Slate when he was voted for in representative, and is therefore as plainly disqualified irom taking his ssat as if ho were an foreigner or only 20 ybars of age We may add that we are sustained in this view by the opinion of confessedly the lawyer in the State. Sjme foolish friend of Mr, Davison late ly telegraphed a republican paper al Cincinnati that "the whole thing is tbe result of personal malice, and is simply an out rageous effort on the part of a lot of disgruntled politicians to Wt a republican who has been fairly elected to office." This, as Miss Murdstone remarked to Miss Trot wood on a memorable occasion, is either insanity or intoxication. The gentle'meu who signed the protest did so in language reipectful bo'.h to Mr. Davison and to tbe legislature, aod because thev concelrerf It portion which be eo Iduty, whicn, ascitlnns, they owed to the party. They entertain toward that individual neither personal ill will nor tbe slight est envy of bis doublo honor and his double "profit." But was he "'fairly elect ed?" The answer will depend, not so much on one's politics, as npon one's morals. There were two candidates for the legislature that had bson before the people for weeks Dr Pettus, the democratio nominee, and a so called independent. The re publicans had made no nomination. Mr. them the same assurances He was uever announced at all as a candidate except by the ticket', at the heel of which his name hail been secretly printed. Ha denied that he was a candidate or that ho would be, until confronted with oue of these tickets accidentally obtained the evening before the election. The people had no oppoitti nity to canvass his fitness for the place, nor bis views of public policy, if he had any, and many doubtless, in voting the republican ticket, furnished them at the polls, yot ml for him witho it being aware of it. In the light of these facts, which are notorious and indi'piitnble, we l.ambly venture to think that lu the meaning attached to it by honorable people he was not fairly elected. Hut the friends of Mr D.avison complain of this protest for the reason that eyery thing short of felony, is permissible in politics, and that Mr Davison shrewdness in hoodwinking the democrats is rather creditable io him than otherwise Very well, then. Adopting this somewhat erratic ethical view, why do you complain gentlemen? If it was fair in Davison to down us in August by stratey, isn't it equally fair for us to down him now, if we can, by Ian? Or has the cherished axiom suddenly become untrue that "what is sauce for tbe goos should be sauco for the gandei?" Others are saying, as we learn, that it ia too late now and this objection should have been made bafore the election. To thee it is a sufficient answer to say that owing to tbe tactics nf Mr. Dtvinii, to which we have already referred, it was impossible to urge this or any other objection to him bo fore the election. We have thougnt it proper, and due the parties to the protest to say this much. The substquent proceedings will interest us no more than they should interest all other citizins who believe in upright methods and are jealous of theirconstitutional guar antiea. Too muter has now been called to tbe attention of tbe legislature. That body, representing the sovereignly of a great Slate, will, it is to be supposed, meet the question fquarelv and dispose of it impartially and pisily. Whatever mty be the outcome, the "disgruntled politicians," who have in good faith submitted the issue, can aflurd to preserve their tempers anil keep on their shirts. hnebooters vs free .Tracers, Ttie conclusion is foregone. All speculation as to the character of the issue in thn approaching campaign is past. As certain ly ns that water seeks its level, so surely do political q lestioos adj 1st themselves to the temper and the necessities of the times. The dav of mere sentiment is over and an era of econjmics is upin us. We are on the threshold of a readjustment of party lines. The question of the amount and the purpose of Federal taxation nod the method of its adjustment is now supersed ing all other; and political parties will arrange themselves on the nno side or the other of the issues involved. Beginning with the goolly year of 1S3S, the democratic party ahould give forth no unLertain sound. Its principles rightly understood, its leachings fairlv considered, its traditions honestly applied, jointly and severally inculcate the doctrine of the lowest rate of taxation compatible with tbe public need; the application o the fuad raised by taxation to the maintenance of givernmeut and government oni.; and the imposition of tax upon ill se articles wiucn can, wun the least detriment to society, Injur (he bur deu of the levy, Io a special sense, all taxation is an evil. Il ie a burden which the members of society take upon them selves in consideration of the benefits which government confers. What are these bene Tne protection which a government gives to a cilizsn in the peacableenj ijment of life, liberty and property. Paople are not presumed to hav, in fact thev do not have any object in the formation of government other than the attainment of theie ends. V each individual of a community could protect him elf in those abtolute rights as well without as with a government, then government wou.d ha a curse, uui he needs an arm stronger than his on to guard his life against the assisu in; to guard his libertv against the despo'; to guard bis property againat the robbor This guard he is willing to pay foi; his interest demands that he shall pay for it, and he does, in orgaiizid society, pay for it by paying taxes In other words, the citizen buys his peace. Rob Roy levied a tribute on the low lands of Scotland. History calls il blackmail. But in consideration of it, this Highland chieftain not only refused to harry the lands of the lowland laird, but protected him against the raids of other freebooters. Government proceeds similarly. Its true function is, not to give to tbe citizjn, for it has nothing to give, but to s protect tho citizsn in the enjoyment of that which is already his. S3 it is that government is founded not in lbs virtues, but in tbe vices of mankind, and in this vicious state taxes are nucessa ry because and only becsuss government is neo)ary. It sooins, therefore, irresistaMy rue true both as a moral and a political proposition that taxes should not be im I posed beyond the amount whioh is absolutely necessary to maintain the govern- Davison, an active worker for the moot. If It were it proper office to foster -0....-L. I , .l I ...... 1 . 1 I . .. .1 ..... can aisle ticket, anJ coalman of the county committeo, sought the democratic nominee, voluntarily pn. fibred his cordial support, nod assured hi in aain and again, indeeJ up to the last moment, that he had fixed his own party friends so that they would either not vote at all in the legislative race or vote fur Dr. Pettus, and that he would be triumphantly elected. He sought some half dtziii of Pettus' most ac tive supporters and day after day made to one element of soolety at the expend of an other; to require the doctor to pay tithes to the lawyer; to make the farmer feed the shoemaker gratis; to compal the ,fidi)ler to furnish the roin and the cat gut to the dancer, or, in fioe, to pull thn dirt from Jones' stalk of corn t) hill up llrown'scab then government should enlarge the range of taxation. B it the true limit of legislation is reached before we go this far. In tha history of every people thern is a psriod of time ante-dating their organ i zed government. In our own case, that period is almost within memory. Looking totheendof establishing a constitution, our forefathers, as we reverently call them, asembled to take cojnsel and concessions from each other. Suppo'e some one or more of them had said: Let us form a gov ernment for the general good under which the cardinal rights of every man is protect ed and which will, nl the aauie lime, require a certain portion of the commnhy to pay a tribute to another portion. Would the constitution have ever beeu formed on such bash? Surely noil And yet thai principle is exactly the oue advocated by the republican parly and by an inennsider able number of traitors spying around In the democratic camp. Manufactories am good thin, and being so, they are able tu stand of their own strength. Religion ia a good thing better in fact than certain pro tected industries but government ought not and cannot tax the people for Its sup put. Kren doctors may hi considered a fairly decent sort of people, engaged inprac ticing an honorable profession. As a class, they are considered somewhat necessary to a community. But when the public health is distressingly good, aod the profession becomes financially as weak as the "infant industries" of a young country, should the government hasten to its relief by imacting a law that the mercantile, agricultural and manufacturing elements of the communitv shall pty it a tribute to keep it out o bankruptc)? Tne Intkuiok Jobhnal ba a modest pretension to being a public instilutiuii. Il continued to stumble along the highway of journalistic life at $'2 per annum, furnish ing its proprietor cold potato for his sup per and a clean shirt on Sunday morning. Ia its impersonal way of thinking, it vanity to believe that it is nf some advantage to its home people. Would It not be well to have, for its special benefit, a chapter of protective legislation say, an act compelling each subscriber to pay the proprietor, in addition to the subscription price, a bonus nf 50 csntr? It i an "in fant industry"; it gives employment In wage workers; it furnishes reading matUr to thn people, and il even publishes dally forecasts of the weather. Ciue, give us legislative protection Di not make fiih ol one industry and llsi of anothei! Seriously, these are the principles contended f r by the advocates of a protective tariff". Lst thoea who advocate a system of such gross iotquality and bald injnsiicti arrange themselves in lino with the states man from Msins. True democracy will huve none nf it V must count fl aud clean ou 1 Wnat biota It that wn are called free trader? It ia well. Lit us aceppt the nam. It is ofmble sig uiQcince. Freedom to ek the marts of the world; freedom It carry the fltg of American commerce into everv se; free dum to advance the a andards of American civilisation beyond all known border I Freedom of trade; freedom of epeecr ; fre dom of the preest; freedom of religion these are the offspring of free Institutions, the vestal virgins which guard the hnly fires of civil liberty Bearing a bsnner to tin Ft principles, defeat uiidrr it would be prefer able to victory uuder Rim)allim. A vie torv based on Irga'ized thievery would, in its lastii g shame and infamy, scaicely be oyershad.iwed by the disjraceful vir'uncs which tie crunk of thn Duke of A'va en abled him to nchievs in the Netherlsnils The battle is now oul Sutllers aud ciuip foil iwers to the reail Move out the women and childien and home guarits tho a'sauli is ordered! "Forward, liravucliauiploni, to tbe light! Hound trumpeu (Jod defsnd tbe right!" Thk promotion f Mr Stuart R Knott from assistant to Vice President Smith io the position of (Inner! Triflb Ayeut of t. e entire L. & N. SrH'eru, is most thnrouuhlv deserved lis is an excellent railroad man. exrceilinglv sfTihlo and acrnmuiodailns, sud all who know him wil pjiice at his rise W A. will hi Mr. Huiltli's chief clerk in trm future. Ouit dear friend, Miiru Crfi, wis nn elected assistant clerk of the House, hut he still hulds tbe more honorable n I exallrd oltion of editor of a capital uespper, one fnr which he is very eminently fitted and whlci he fills with credit to himeelf and to the delight of his purons and his friends, The public debt red uc. ion fur December ia over $15,000,000 and the reduction for thn calendar year $117 016 000. The country ssetns to be dolntr pretty well notwith BtandfnK ttie demoirata are in power. There are now 11 222 pensioners in Kentucky, an increasa of 2,357 during tbe disburse b.y the reacu forth its strong arm, nourished and, year. The total amount Htate, and as democrat! they owed to their g attained by tbe tribute (tax) exacted, and - Louisville agency is $2 380,044 99 Alien flea 11 tfsaCKl CsadaV We drslre to call your attention to ourlreih and Complete Line of Groceries OI dmcrlralon, which we keep conatantly on hand, aod aik you to come and examine It as well ai Oiii fc5 tools of Harclwrae, Which no retail tiouw ran compete wlth.JJ While you ound, wawlllihowyou th Olivc'i Chilled and JKiupcrial IMown, We are agenla for, Ilia Uit In the market; alio the IMPROVED WATER ELUVATOR, Soraetblin: now and norel and the finest thing of theklnd In use. Inourllna ot Hpstlnu and Cook Moves, wa ran plnlhe moat fsilldloua Ip rUaud mato.nud eiistlallr In Healing btor, to ., ..... ..... ,iu .uiiiniiiuioiiniim, l liriw w KMII L.1IMO, pan, ,ic., anil III UCl there ia srarrolr aiivtlitnit wo town and wo shall tie delighted to ma r. REID. Mu7. rally. 7 85 a rn 11 7!U I M p lu Gftpuil I : .i Ui.ll 'Kx. riu j navn'i Roi mat Is aUTthlni; nuar our line. Corns In when you !.,.... .". " .. . . .-- , pleosnt lir jou Verr trulr. ton I 03 p ii. 00 p in 7 ft, a hi l.'vc...Clnclmi.iil, 7 Sill, in II .'i) l)il lu IS mil' Illii;tiin 'J 10 p in I W i m II ?a a iii lunctliiu Clir 0 10 a m :i IS p in Oakdtln .. .. ... . . Yuri : A'rv ,'ti. L'to .. llfrlillnn A'r. 3 30 a tu 0 3 a m A'lv. New Orl, uu .l. ... 4 50 a nrl.'ve... . Mir itltn A'rT . . 8 Ma ai l.'vu. .. Javkkbii . .a rr .. II COa m l.'r Vck.iiiuK' . . t Vi i iii l.'vo Munron 818 ji in Arr. Mir'TH(,rt ru o. lllj. mi I .v .. I .s-.-. jt riUlNKM) .fll." ... .. I ' .IO, i - ( ' Al'v.. Cliattuiiii4 I7ei 7 IU l tu a uT, '' D 30 p 11 '..... i 015um 6l p m It-.. HiHlUr.oK. 'ty I - - .. A'ir . .Atl.ml ..Ar't '. 1 "' ' ..... s i I'm il Hi pm Lie nlrmliijhoiu IIiAui - i C8'ii m,l2 II a in Tim mm 12 mu 11 (Kiii m 1 Wa m AKTOll M IMpml I iSpm! i iii io i. in JSJpm II '.'5 a in I 3 .10 a m I II k K S 3" HI lb IV) p ui ti m . tu Vua'p'i'u lOIHIp u ! IS ill i Op lu In US u in fl 'Si . ill H. C. RCJPIjiEY, mi:kuuant taii.ok. I hay received and still racelvlni New Goods for Fall and Comprising th best In tha market, which will I QottBi) Up in Style and Mako Sooond to Mono Give Me Trial. liallj. .a' filftiuii 12 pin io 3A atlll (Mu in a 20 a in. I are In HOC!iKI. fc RKKaHT. W. II. BIGGINS, Seo'j aud Trtm A, 0. SINE, Sup't. PLANING MILL CO. Olanufactiircra Flooring, Weathcrboarding, Ceiling, I IMSlIIj MTHIIKIf, .MOPI.!H.N, KtV. KiinIi, Joor.s and ISIhitf.s always in Mode. FUENITUEE STORE MACK JlUITFiHAIV, '87. .No. !allr. fip 4 15 i. I SO ii blOa i a no p ui (.m..i Jlann lloiitlnlr Uuat niepln Cr email iliriiugn iralm, " i0nlit.Vriy,.7BH,:;iptManj'i,,f( " lolu"1 ' . . 'Jsnsral OlUrtw, Hi. I'atil HullJInj. Wi.t Koiirtli Hlreat, (.'Inrinnatl, Oblo. Winter in City or Country ! Will itlwitjN lin on Intuit a Itirm' mill rsflrol Iluo of" Fiirul. Inrti i mid l'iultrtMter'M UimhIm. My prlrvn will lui nn loir im hiicIi KMlft can l Ixiuulit In Hi, .tlt,. fjivw ui a irlul ami you ivlll 1m coailiiccd Hint 1 m1I loucr than tli 1imhI. THAT M'ROBERTS & STAGG, a im& mmwE wmmT i in , Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and Silverware, Having ircurd the flervices of C F KENT, a praotical Watchmaker with many jcarV eperienof. all work will ba tlono with neatness and diipatch, fully insured. Spectacles ai tl Eye Qlaises to suit the eye. Queen and Crescent ionte. (Ciuoinnati New Orlouns and Toxas Paolllo Hailway.) Shortest uiui Quickest Lino to Now Orlouns. Florida, South East, Texas, (Jiilm, Sou Mi West. CONDENSED TIME i:ai immvjv. TTlAI.N'rtriOUri!. !ti 5. I Nti, I. Usilr. Dally. TABLE IN EFFECT OCT. 2, ItlMIt 111"