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The citizen. (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, August 26, 1909, Image 4

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Where twentyfire thousand books and many magazines ore ready for the use of Derca atudenta
I j
tThe Educational Value of Play
For these and other reasons It is
the teachers duty and should be his
privilege to be with the children at
play time whether he shares in
their games or only oversees and
encourages The teachers province
or the play ground has been sufficient i
ly outlined in Chapter Three It need
only bo added that the children should
f never be given reason to feel that I
the teachers presence Is d hindrance I
to enjoyment or a wet blanket in
any way He should enter so hearti i
ly into the spirit of the occasion that
tl his presence is desirable on the part I
of the children This Is not difficult
to accomplish
While no great amount of apparatus
is needed for country schools some I
simple arrangements should be provid
ed There should be swings teeter
boards sliding boards a horizontal
bar vaulting bars a swinging bar or
trapeze and a single rope swing The I
little ones in addition to swings teeter 1
boards and sliding boards should I
have a sand pile for constructing
works and should be supplied with
clay for clay modeling and mud pies
The sand and clay to be enjoyed
should be used In shady places The I I
boys may provide themselves with I
materials for quoits ring toss ball
games and hockey or shlnney as
It is frequently called I
t Nearly all of the above need cost
nothing but time and labor and this
I can be furnished by teacher arid pu
pile The slight expense for ropes
Methods of Eradicating the Disease
Which is Costing Kentucky Far
mers So Much
We spoke last week of the dangers t
which are threatening sheep raising
lu Kentucky and showed that immedl
ate action by the Individual farmers
Is required to save this industry
which Is especially valuable for the
pmountain regions It was also shown
that the disease is easily cured under
a proper treatment and that any farm
er who wishes to can at little cost
have a well and clean flock
t This weeks article deals with the I
method of dipping suitable dipping I
d tanks and the best mixture for dip II
c ping
In the first place it shuold be re I
L marked that when a few sheep In a
flock show signs of scab it is prob
able that many are sick and will
develop full sized cases in duo time
and therefore all should be dipped I
1 Also when sheep have been dipped
they should not be turned back into I
the same pasture or stables where
1 there are sure to be mites left on the i
trees posts and in the rubbish un I
til there has been a couple of months
time for the mites to die off or till
I every place has been thoroly cleaned
with carbolic acid solution or some I
otter preparation to kill the mites
t There aro a large number of pre
parations for dipping sheep and I
many are put up by patent medicine
houses Those which are good have
I been guaranteed by the Department
j of Agriculture and are so marked
and none which are not so marked I
i should be used On all such i
mixtures are full directions for using
i them which must be followed careful i
e ° lye especially such as refer to the
j amount of water which Is to be mixed
in I
r f The home made dips which are con
iisldered the beet aro tobacco decoction I
and sulphur and lime and sulphur
The lime and sulphur dip is very ef
I tectlve and cheap but there are soy
tera objections to Its use It sllght
t t
4 < z M
l 1
up a collection or by a donation from
I some kind hearted patron The pupils
will derive most enjoyment from what
they have themselves provided Tney
I will afford an almost endless amount
of pleasure besides healthul exer I
cise for themselves and entertainment
I for others II
I In certain favored neighborhoods
lawn tennis basketball and croquet
may be leasable and advisable but
in many districts where such things I
I have never been introduced it will
not be wise to undertake too many
innovations at first Start with the
simple materials suggested above or
even a part of them ahd the others
will follow In due time
Space is lacking in a single chapter I
to go Into detailed explanations as
I to the use ot the above mentioned
apparatus There are books upon
I games that give jill necessary Inform
ation and any competent librarian i
I will upon application tell how and I
where the books may be secured
I I It is as Important that tho teacher I
should know something about games i
I as that he should be proficient in i
I the studies he teaches in the school I
room The children will know or
find out many things but tho teacher I
I must keep ahead I
IThe small pupils will amuse them
selves much of the time with the
sand pile the clay the swings and
I the sliding boards Children are very
fond of sliding and should bo indulged
In it tho some care should be taken
to save their clothes If the sliding
board Is made very smooth and a
small board be provided for the chil
dren to sit on not much damage will
ly damages the wool always giving It
a washed appearance to which some
dealers object and It also makes the
operators hands sore and burned It
has very little effect in destroying
the sheep tick hence should not be
used in cases where both the mite
and tick are to be treated The
formula for making the dip is this
Unslaked IIme8 pounds
Flowers of sulphur24 pounds
Water 100 gallons
Slake the lime in a little water to
which add the sulphur stirring con
stantly Transfer the mass to 25
gallons of hot water and boll for 2
hours at least with frequent stirring
adding a little water from time to
time After boiling thoroly put the I
mixture in a barrel and let it set
tle for several hours then the clear
solution should be dipped from the
top To be sure to get out all the
sediment filter It thru ordinary bag
ging Enough water should then be
added to the clear mixture solution
drawn off to make 100 gallons of the
mixture The water added should be
hot enough so that the final mixture
will register from 100 to 105 degrees I
Fahrenheit If there Is no thermome
ter handy test it by putting the bare
elbow in it It should be about as
hot as can be borne with comfort
The elbow should be washed off im
mediately with a little vinegar so
the skin will not peel I
A tobacco dip Is probably the most
effective remedy for sheep scab In
this dip the thing which destroys the
scab mite is nicotine Tobacco does
not Injure tho wool In any way altho
it slightly discolors It This color can
Abe washed out by the rains or when
the wool Is scoured at the mills
Tobacco dip also kills the tick and
louse If It is made too strong the
sheep will sicken and some may die
Tobacco dip may be made either
from the leaves or the stems stalks
and sweepings of the tobacco stalksI
great difficulty in preparing the dip
Is in being unable to tell what per
centage of nicotine is in the tobacco I
used The dark tobacco contains
JI 1 = Y 1
more nicotine than does the light
variety The top leaves of any to
bacco plant contain more nicotine
than the lower leaves and the leaves
contain more than the stems and the
stems more than the stalks The
darker tobacco Is the more nicotine It
No money is saved by making tho
I tobacco dip on the farm as the good
leaves are too valuable to bo used
for tho purpose and the poor leaves
and trash will sell for enough to
t buy tho patent medicine With the
ordinary apparatus t on hand at a
farm not more than 65 percent of the
nicotine in tobacco can be obtained
Taking this Into consideration It would
require for example 23 pounds of
sweepings of dark tobacco analysing
1275 per cent of nicotine to produce
042 of a pound of nicotine in 100
gallons of water
The formula for making tobacco de
coctions for the dipping of sheep af
flicted with scab as used by the Cape
Town colony as well as the one used
by advocates of tho Bureau of Animal
Industry Is 21 pounds of good tobacco
leaves to 100 gallons of water To pre
pare a tobacco decocatlon soak the
tobacco In luke warm water for 21
hours in a covered pot or kettle
Then heat to the boiling point for an
instant and let it soak for another
hour or two Strain tho mixture un
der considerable pressure as in n
cider press so as to get out as much I
ooze as possible and dilute with suf
flcent water to make 100 gallons
Then add 16 pounds of sulphur and
stir thoroly It hard water is used it
should be softened with lye or sal
soda and be used as warm as In tho
lime and sulphur mixture During the
dipping tho contents of the vat should
be stirred thoroly from time to time
As tobacco dips spoil easily a fresh
solution should be made up when the
sheep are dipped the second time
which Is usually from 10 to 14 days
after the first dipping
It Is good practice to dip the sheep
and lambs twice 8 or 12 days apart
just after shearing time Sheep dip
ped for scab should not be returned to
the barn from which they came but
If this must be done the barn should
be cleaned of all manure and bits of
wool and the walls and posts should
be washed with a disinfectant to tho
height of four or five feet Cresol
used in the proportion of 1 gallon of
cresol to 50 gallons of water thoroly
stirred is useful for disinfecting The
water must be warm and soft
Dipping vats can be made of wood
metal or concrete For a small num
ber of sheep the barrel used to scald
pigs can be used for dipping but if
a farmer has more than 25 sheep he
should havo or build a vat Concrete
vats can be built at a small cost
Three or four farmers can club togeth
er and get a galvanized tank and haul
It to their respective farms as it is
needed The vat should be narrow
enough to keep the sheep from turn
Ing around in it and deep enough to
swim the sheep The narrower the
vat the less the dip required to fill
It Twenty Inches at the top and 8
at the bottom is a good width When
dipping the sheep use a crutch on the
shoulder of the sheep to keep tho
back under water and to prevent it
from swimming thru the bath too
quickly Under no circumstances
should a person get Into the dip as
It is dangerous
The average educated man gets a
salary of 1000 per year Ho works
forty years making a total of 40000
Iin a life time The average day
laborer gets 1GO per day three hun
dred days in the year or 450 per
year or 18000 In forty years a
lifetime the difference between
40000 and 18000 22000 equals the
value of an education in dollars To
acquire this earning capacity requires
twelve years at school or one bun
dred and eighty days each or a to
tal of two thousand one hundred
eighty days Divide 22000 value of
an education by two thousand one
hundred eighty number of days re
quired in getting it and we find that
each day at school is worth a little
more than 10 to the pupil Cant at
ford to keep them out can weT
t UKCOIN nu1
The main recitation building fitted with connive uipmenlIIerea hit other buildings as gout
Continued from Klrtt rage
The boy or girl who takes a straight
year has thirtysix weeks ot schooling
while the one who takes the wInter
and spring terms for two year
has fortyfour weeks Now what are
the things that make tho thirtysix
weeks of continuous study worth more
than tho fortyfour weeks taken In
the two different years twentytwo
weeks each year
L The expense to the student In
getting ready for school at two dif
ferent times Is greater than It Is to
get ready once This needs no argu
2 All well organized schools plan
their work for the entire year
whllo It Is true they also plan for
those who enter the winter or oven
the spring term the best plan Is for
those who enter at the beginning of
tho school year The authorities of
any school large or small will toll
you this is so In your country schools
how many times do children repeat
subjects because they enter late
and cannot take the work they could
have taken In the beginning of the
term or leave school tho previous
term without completing the subject
3 It takes every person some time
to get started to do his best work
Every one knows the difficulty in
taking up a work that has not been
done for some time It makes no differ
ence how many shocks of corn you
cut last year you must undergo about I
so much training before you can do
your best work this tall Men who I
shear few sheep scarcely shear more I
than twentyfive In a day but after
they have hardened themselves to
the work and know just how to han
dle the sheep they shear many more i
One thing Is certain no shearer docs
his best work tho first part of the
season The big base ball teams prac
the all winter that they may do their
best work in the spring theirI
This summer the writer worked In I
tho harvest field lie had not work
ed on a farm for some time and
while he knew how to do tho work I
Ud well as any ho soon found out
he could not keep up By the
time ho was hardened to the work
and could do a mans work the har
vest season was over
Just so It is with a student entor
ing school in the middle of the year
by the time he is prepared to do his
bes work tho school year has closed
Hi repeats tho performance year
after year and whllo he improves
himself he never develops his full
capacity for work
4 The student who spreads his
course over so much time not only
tails to get the most out of his
course but often looses Interest alto
gether and never completes the work
he planned You doubtless know of
many of this class
The trouble with most of this half
converted class of students Is right
here they do not see what a complete
course of training In school will do
for them They are like the man
who has joined church simply because
he believes religion is a good thing
but falls to realize what religion can
do for him
The student who sees clearly what
an education will do for him is the
fellow who gets to school the first
day and wins out in tho end Next
week we shall point out a number of
examples of this class
This is a tried and tested Dixie re
cipe for nearpossum Into a pound
slice of pork steak place a stuffing
made as follows Boll and peel two
goodsized sweet potatoes press thru
a colander season with two table
spoonfula of brown sugar tho same
quantity of dark molasses and mix in
one egg The steak can bo held
around the stuffing with threads Rub
salt and popper over the completed
possum and place Ina bakingpan
with one pint ot water Bake for one
hour and fifteen minutes basting fre
quently Remove the threads and
serve on a platter garnished with
small baked apples Fannie Merritt
Farmer In September Womans Home
Lets pretend a little while
That tho world la managed right
That theres little which Is Vile
That theres much to give delight
Let us hopefully pretend
I That thaluck wo have Is fair
Let us put a sudden end
To the murmur of despair
Lets pretend for today
That our hearts aro freo from woe
That the wind blows just the way
Wo would like to have It blow
Lets pretend that what wo do
Is the work we lIke best
Lets pretend tho scene wo view
Is of all the loveliest
Lets pretend were satisfied
Lets pretend were bravo and strong
Maybe after wo havo tried
Wo can do it right alongS I
S E Kiser
Continued from Hmtrigei
lag rain storm two passenger steamers
collided at tho entrance of tho Mon
tevideo Harbor in Central America and
I one of them was completely wrecked I
Between a hundred and fifty and I
I two hundred persons were killed and
many injured
Continued from Pint rage
Monday leaving a noto for his wlfo
i wHeI
telling her that ho had never cared I
for her and had been deceiving her I
all the time His whereabouts are
I Continued from tat pugc
friends at Wagcrsvllle Luther Young
and Miss Cyntha Sparks of Wagers I
ville were quietly married at tho
I home of the bride last Wednesday
Mrs Nannie Parsons of Irvine is
I visiting her parents Mr and Mrs
Owen Arvlno at Wager vl11e Miss
I Della Gentry of Paint Lick has made
an extended visit with her aunt Mrs
Wm Arvlne and friends qt 1Irs1
vllle There are a number of people
from this locality planning to start
to school at Berea next montl Tho I
little son of Jan Flynn who has been
is Improving rapid
low with fever
ly Newton Edmonson returned yes I
terday from Covlngton 0 A Park
departed this life Aug ICth Funeral
services held at the Station FuneralI
Clfrlstlnu church conducted by the
Rev L II Reynolds of Flat Rock I
and the Rev J Pierce Strathers of I
Danville Interment in the Capt
John Wilson cemetery Deceased
leaves ono son and two daughters
and a largo number of relatives to
mourn their loss
Locust Branch Aug 23The Insti
last week at Irvine
tuto was held IrvlneI
L E Cox Is teaching a singing school
at Parks school houseA II Johns
ton purchased a thirty horse power I
I engine from D W Gentry and Is
letting It at Jinks David Isaacs shot i
tVllllam Pearsons last Monday with
a shot gun Mr Pearson has forty
odd shot In him but is getting well
D W Gentry is well and is
managing his mill again Dr Land
and family visited at Robt Lands
Sunday LandsI
Bonham Aug 22Mr James HOB
i kina who has been down so long with
I fever departed this life Aug 21st Ills
I body was laid to rest in tho old Ward
cemetery Ho leaves a pious old mo
I ther and father and many others to
I mourn his death He leaves a good
testimony that he Is resting with the
angels In heaven Maggie Holcomb
from Illinois Is visiting her parents
and other friends at this place for a
few weeks and we are glad to have
her with uSlIIr John Dcnham and
Miss Maggie Denham from Jackson
County are visiting their uncle E Den
ham at this place for a few days
Corn crops are cut short In this part
Leighton Aug 23 We are having
some fine weather now Mr Ace
I Roach artU wife are visltiny his sis
terInlaw Mrs Sarah Roacb We area
all glad to coo Mr James Gabbard
out again Several of tbls place went r
to Cincinnati on an excursion Sunday
Mr Albert Hayes stave mill has
shut down for a few days and ho is
aiming to run his planing mill for a
hlleMr Robert Farmer of Leigh
ton visited his father of Jackson
County Saturday and Sunday Funeral 01
services were held at tho Doos Creek 1I1
cemetery Sunday conducted by tho 1
Rev Sherman Robblni Mrs Ora Grit
fin has returned homo from Bcroa
and reported the fair was fine
Sextons Creek Aug lanaln is
still plentiful Two of Eltsha Gibsons
children died and wore burled in one
coffin Born to the wife of Blevins
Hudson a fine girl Scarlet fever Is q
raging In this neighborhood Rhoda
Sparks and sister Matllo have return
ed from Lexington where they have
been attending the alrJ II Sand
Hn and family aro starting for Indiana
today Mary S Hunter Is expected t
home today from London where the I
I has been visiting her mother and
other relatives Henry Singleton and
Miss Sophia Campbell were married
Thursday by tho Rev J P Metcalf
Mr and Mrs John Rowlctt who have
been in Hamilton Ohio for the last
I few months are back1Ir and Mrs
1M K Sandlla returned a tow days
ago from Mt Vernon where toyI
had been visiting their son Singing I
school began here Saturday conducted r
by Mr J A Hunter O W Hunter
helped Sam Saylor cover his barn
and dwelling house last week David
Bowman is driving 11 II Bowmans
team this fall Martha E Peters
purchased an organ from Lizzie Bay
lor Saturday
SaturdayHamilton 0 letter I
Hamilton 0 Aug 23 Hamilton
was visited by many heavy rains and
elrctrlcal storms during the past Week
One dwelling in the city and two
buns outside of town were struck by
lightning Henry Allen of oorelI
IlhlttningHenry County is in Hamil
ton working for tho C C Paper CoI
The meetings hold each Saturday and
Sunday evening in front of the Court I
House by the Y M C A are drawing
large crowds Mayor King of Oxford
0 gave a steropttcon lecture last t
Saturday evening There will be a 0
piimary election held hero September I
7th for nominating candidates for tho
various city offices Many applicants
from both parties Postmaster O V
rnrilb is attending tho meeting of
tho National Association ot Postmas
tare in Toledo 0 Thursday was Cia
cinnati Day In the Star Camp con
ducted by Patrolman Joo Dowers
town About 75 Cincinnati police
men visited the campDeputy sheriff
Metcalf took Stephen SImpton con
victed for tho killing of Garfield
Sales to tho penitentiary At a moot
ing of the city council last week a
petition was received asking for the
removal of tho C II bt D roundhouse
from Its present location owing to
the smoke nuisance The now Lincoln
school building on Prospect Hill in
Hamilton which cost over 57000 is
completed and will be ready for use
when school opens The annual con
vention of the W C T U of Butler
County was held in Darrtown last
Thursday Now officers wore elect
odlIrs Salllo A Ramsey colored
Gospel evangelist of Shelbyvlllo Ind
has been helping Dr Snolson colored
carry on a series of evangelistic ser
vices at tho Payne A M E church In
Hamilton Quite a number of colored
people havo been convertedMoores
company of Indiana which played
Hiawatha at tho Miami Valley
Chautauqua are now at the Cincinnati
Zoological Garden Two men were
arrested In Hamilton for counterfeit
Ing One of tho men was an expert
machinist who made tho molds and
dies and tho other tried to pass the
money Civil service officers Bolin
took the men to Cincinnati where
they gave a large bond
T f
t 11
0 l

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