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The citizen. [volume] (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, February 10, 1910, Image 3

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8 Bodyguard g
Ii ey a
His Relics M
By Russell Woodard
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IIERE are yet living from
half a dozen to a dozen
men who may bo said to
havo known Abraham Lin
coin Intimately and per
sonally Of all these for
1 mer associates of tho martyr presi
dent however none can rival Col Wil
I liam H Crook In tho possession of
vivid and unique recollections of the
war president Moreover Col Crooks
reminiscences of the most Interesting
portion of his long public career have
1boon kept over fresh In his memory by
1 continuous service at tho White House
In Washington of which ho has been
an attache for more than twoscore
years and whero ho constantly sees
objects and Incidents that remind him
of the kindly executive who occupied
the presidential mansion when ho first
took up his duties there
Col Crook who Is now in his seven
Beth year has been for a long time
past tho disbursing officer of the prod
r dentlal business establishment but
during the Lincoln administration he
J was the presidents bodyguard and
thus naturally came more closely and
continuously In contact with the great
1 individual Crook was little more than
twenty years of ago when the civil
war broke out and as soon as he was
21 ho unlisted In the union army At
the expiration of his term of enlist
ment he secured a position on the po
lice force at the national capital and It I
I he was chosen as the principal body
+ guard of the chief magistrate
IUnder present conditions the presi
dent of the United States need scarce
ly exchange a word with his secret
service protectors who usually walk
or ride some little distance behind him
but Lincoln was wont to Insist that his
bodyguard walk by his side after the
manner of a personal friend rather
than an official protector The presi
dent took Quito a fancy to Crook who
was young and as ho confesses a
t trifle bashful at the outset In his
walks about the capital and his nightly
tramps from the White House to the
war department there was no tele
graph olllco at the White House In
those days and tho president went to
the department to got the war news at
first handLincoln talked on a variety
of subjects with bodyguard Crook and
oven discussed at times the possibility
of some person attempting to do him
harm Col Crooks recollections of the
president on these night pilgrimages to
the news center portray n tall figure
wrapped In a rough gray shawl and
wearing a tall beaver hat Often the
kindly sympathetic chief magistrate I
would draw his bodyguard to his side
and walk hand in hand or arm In arm
with the younger man
When Crook was on duty at night at
jI the White House ho would take his
1 station after the president retired In
tho corridor on the second floor of the
mansion upon which the presidents
ICol W H Crook Lincolns Body
bedroom opened Often as ho paced
Ibedroom down ho could hear the great
man sigh or moan in his sleep after a
day of unusual anguish and anxiety
Occasionally ho would have to awake
tho sleeper to deliver some important
telegram but Crook declares that Lin
coin never displayed any Irritation at
such Interruptions On one occasion j
when ho entered tho presidents room
in response to tho usual Come In
ho was surprised to find Lincoln busily
engaged In sowing a button on his
trousers Just repairing damages
explained tho droll president with a
half cmllo
Crook who had been on duty all
day with the president did not accom
pany Lincoln to Fords theater on tho
night ot the assassination Ho always
refers to his absenco on this occasion
with deep regret for he had a special
system o his own for guarding tho
1 president or such public appearances
and ho it convinced to this day that if I
ho had been at his usual station at the
door ot tho presidents box Booth
could never havo passed him There
would seem to bo some ground for I
Cooks confidence for tho bodyguard
did frustrate the plans of a mat who
fought to gain audience with Uncoln
during the tatters famous visit to City
point and who when refused admis
sion made threats against tho presi
dent At the time tho man gave the
name of Smith but Crook has always
been confident that it was none other
than tho notorious Surrat with whoso
appearance under normal conditions
he was familiar through having lived
in the same county In Maryland before
the war
Tho homo of Col Crook In the city
of Washington is a veritable museum
of relics and mementoes of Lincoln
and other presidents Probably the
most prized of all the keepsakes Is a
card In Lincolns handwriting which
the president addressed to the provost
marshal general when Crook and an
other bodyguard Alexander Smith
were drafted tor service in the army
The president wrote that ho could not
spare tho men and asked the above
mentioned official to please fix the
matter This precious bit of paper re
posed for years in the war depart
Mrs W H Crook
ment files but when Robert T Lln
coin son of tho martyr president was
secretary of war ho gave It to his
fathers old guard
Another of Col Crooks souvenirs IsI
a mahogany cano made from the rail i
of tho little spiral stairway whereby I
Lincoln reached hti office on the sec
ond floor of tho White House a stair i
way long since torn away Col Crook
has some almost priceless specimens
of tho china service which Mrs Lin
coin selected for the White House and
which Col Crook declares to have
been more beautiful than any table
ware purchased before or since for
use on tho presidential table Among
the pieces are a cup and saucer which
Lincoln used These like all of the
pieces of this service aro ornamented
by a broad maroon band and adorned
with the American eagle and coat of
arms In colors
The Living Lincoln
How well I remember when Lincoln
lived at Petersburg III carrying the
chain for a surveyors party and work
lag for 75 cents a day Tho surveyors
wife told mo that sho often saw him
studying at night seated on the cellar
door reading Dlackstono often until
midnight by the light of tbo moon
Lincoln always took note of the
light and dark of the moons as Is
shown by an Incident which occurred
during his early practice of law A
murder was committed In tho neigh
borhood of the village and the son of
tho surveyors wife was arrested on
suspicion from the testimony of an
eye witness In the meantime Lin
coin bad swung out his shingle as a
lawyer at Springfield and on this
occasion nobly did ho provo that the
kindness of the surveyor was not for
gotten by tho student who read Black
steno by tho moonlight
Ho went to tho jail and questioned
tho young prisoner who asserted his
Innocence and Lincoln took up tho
At the trial the witness swore that
ho saw tho murder committed
Might you not bo mistaken asked
Lincoln A dim light Is deceptive
and it was a dark night
The witness hastened to reiterate
that It was bright moonlight where
upon Lincoln promptly pulled from
among his books an almanac and said
It Is not necessary for mo to make
a plea for no jury can place any re
liance on a witness who will swear
that it was a moonlight night when
tho almanac proves that it was the
dark of the moon Daniel W Ayers
in tho National Magazine
Lincolns Repartee
Uncle Joo Cannon tells this now nnd
characteristic ono on Honest Abo
Lincoln It was tho Illinois state
convention at Decatur held to namo
delegates to tho national convention
that nominated Lincoln for the presi
dency After tho prayer a cry was
started on tho platform Open a
passageway I Open a passageway I
Lot Dennis Honks and Dick Oglesby
through I They have some rails that
Dennis Hanks and Abe Lincoln made
In 1830
They came up with tho rails which
had a piece of cotton cloth rolled
round them bearing tho legend
These rails were made by Dennis
Hanks and Abraham Lincoln in 1830
They were walnut rails such as
would bo hard to find now but tbero
was plenty of that kind ot fine hard
wood In thoso days
At this stage of the proceedings
some follow yelled out Abe did you
Hanks says I split thoso rolls I dont
know whether 1 did or not but I have
made many a bettor onel Then tho
crowd yelled
Sanity School Lends for Feb 13 1910
Specially Arranged for This Paper
LESSON TEXT Matthew 61934 Mem
ory verse 2f
GOLDEN TEXT Seek ye art the
kingdom of God and his righteousness
and all things shall be added unto you
Mitt 633
TIME place and circumstances the same
as In our last lesson
Suggestion and Practical Thought
Queotlon How can we live in this
world without giving our time and
strength to gaining the things of tho
world T
AnswerCod wants us to have tho
best things of both worlds but we
cannot have the best of this world
without seeking first the kingdom of
Cod and its righteousness
Two Great Treasure Ideals Placed
Defore Us1 Earthly Treasures T
19 Lay not up use for needs but
not hoard up merely for the sake of
holding possession For yourselves
selfishly without thought of what good
can be done with this surplus Ono
test of anyone is what he does with
his time and earnings beyond what is
necessary for his own living and work
Treasures upon earth are the ma
terial things connected with our phys
ical needs and desires such as money
houses clothing food pleasures
Where moth and rust doth corrupt
The orientals bad no savings banks no
bonds in which to invest their wealth
hence costly garments were n favorite
way of hoarding wealth But these
bad one deadly enemy the moth
Rust the consumer corroder refer
ring not only to treasures hidden in
the ground but to houses books rural
ture etc Where thieves break
through Lit dig through tho
mud walls of a house The Greek
name for n burglar is a wall digger
2 Heavenly Treasures v 20 But
lay up for yourselves treasures In
Heaven God wants us to be rich
but with richeR toward God Heavenly
treasures This refers indeed to the
blessedness of Heaven all Its rewards
its glories its Joys but chiefly to the
kind of treasures which make Heaven
what it Is Heaven begun hero on
earth through tho heavenly life treas
ures of character of enlarged being of
good deeds of blessed work done of
souls made better of faith love
peace godliness brotherly kindness
honesty meekness and all tho fruits
of tho spirit These Heavenly riches
we may acquire and enjoy here
Second Tho Power of Heavenly
Treasures Over Life v 21 For
where your treasure Is That which
you most prize and love and seek for
that into which you put you life
There will your heart be also
Third A Clear Vision of These
Treasures Essential Vs 22 23 Tho
light of the body our earthly taber
nacle Is the eye as a lamp Is the
light of a house If therefore thlno
eye be single etc seeing things just
as they are with no double vision
23 Thy whole body shall be full
of darkness groping In Ignorance un
certain as to truth and duty
24 No man can serve two mas
ters standing for opposite principles
belonging to hostile kingdoms demand
ing characters feelings lives and
fruits that are in essential contradic
tion of one another as light and dark
ness god and evil Hither ho will
hate the one and love the other If
one loves goodness he must bate evil
if he loves evil he will hate the good
ness which interferes with It Ye
cannot serve God and Mammon
But the question arises How can
we live In this evil world without glv
ing time and strength to the gaining of
worldly things such as money posses
dons houses clothing food and the
comforts of civilization T
Tho answer Is God wants us to have
the very best of both the heavenly and
earthly but wo cannot have the best
of even this world without making God
and his righteousness first and chief
Therefore do right seek first the
kingdom of God and do not be anxious
lest your Heavenly Father fall to
keep his promises
Illustration The physician author
I of Why Worry has a chapter on
I The Doubting Folly In which he
I shown the evil of continually doubting
i whether wo have done the right thing
Wo have all heard of tho centipede
with Its hundred feet who could no
longer proceed upon his journey when
It occurred to him to question which
foot ho should next advance It if
the worry of continually making new
decisions in minor things that ex
hausts tho mind Ono great underly
ing choice settled once for all carry
ing with It the whole being to do right i
under all circumstances tho Dingle
eyeboth oyos seeing n single pur
pose will solve most doubts and
Civic Virtue
The happiness of tho republic de
ponds on tho virtual of Its citizens Po
litical health is as Important as physi
cal health Religion is the guiding
star of nations as well as individuals
It alono can safeguard liberty Bishop
Connty Worcester Maen
Home of Sin
91n is not something that Is abroad
in the nlr There is just one place
where It has Its home and that Is the
human hoot It is a taint of nature
that has come down frou successive
KMiorotlons Uov J M Walden Cin
cinnati O
The most disastrous tines have pro
dared the greatest minds Tho pures
metal comes of the most ardent fur
nsco the most brilliant lightning
comes of the flarMt cloud Cbatou
Liquor Traffic Tends to Decrease
Wages and Must Be Eradicated
Unions for Temperance
All doubt as to the attitude of union
labor toward the saloon declares the
Western Christian Advocate of Cin
cinnati is cleared away by the un
equivocal statements of prominent la
bor leaders during the recent annual
convention of the American Federa
tlon of Labor which was held in To
ronto Canada The time has come
proclaimed Samuel Campers the fed
eratlons president when the saloon
and the labor movement must be di
vorced Others who spoke no less
emphatically were Thomas L Lewis
president of the United Mine Workers
John Mitchell ex president of that or
ganization and John B Lennon treas
urer of the federation Said Mr
Mitchell a leader idolized by tbe
Poverty has driven many a strong
man to drink and drink has driven
many a strong man to poverty I am
not at all Impressed with the argu
ment that If you close down the liquor
traffic you bring about a calamity
Rather the contrary There Is a read
justment of society Nothing has done
more to bring misery upon Innocent
women and children than the money
spent In drink
No man has a right to spend n I
cent upon himself until he has first I
provided for his family The average i
workingman does not yet earn enough
to give his family all the comforts
they deserve He has no money to
spend on drink without robbing his
family I believe that as the labor
movement grows so will the tem
perance movement grow
Mr Lennon discussing the effect of
the liquor traffic on the standard of
living declared that to the trade
unionist there is no redeeming feature
In the saloon We quote
traffic on the standard of living of tho
people Is there any influence gone
out from the saloon that has helped
to make men and women better The
labor movement Is essentially a moral
movement It stands for equal oppor
tunity for men and women though It
believes that It should be made more
easily possible for women to become
homemakers Who could deny that
the liquor traffic was driving women
to work in factories In workshops
and at washtubs who ought not to be
there Tho trade union movement
was opposed to child labor yet who
could deny that tho liquor traffic was
driving Into industrial life boys and
girls who should bo in tho scbol or
on the playground The liquor traffic
tended to decrease wages never to
increase them The use of alcohol
made workmen less skillful and drove
men to lower scales of employment 1
and reward Every cent spent in the
liquor business was wasted bringing
no social benefit or moral uplift
Said President Lewis who believes
that the trade unions are doing more
for the cause of temperance than any
other Institution in the world
If you want to know where the
miners of America stand upon the
temperance question Ill tell you In
our constitution we have a clause
which forbids any member to sell in
toxicants even at a picnic Thats
what wo think of the liquor traffic
Some people say that the saloon is a
necessary evil I dont believe in that
kind of doctrine I dont believe that
legislation alone will eradicate tho
traffic Nothing but the spread of ed
ucation will accomplish that
The Christian churches are estab
lished for the purpose of replacing
paganism with Christianity the trade
union movement Is organized to edu
cato the people to drive out Igno
rance and elevate the toilers of our
to enslave the people to make them
satisfied with Improper conditions
and keep them Ignorant the leaders
of the trade union movement are
called on to fight the saloonLit
erary Digest
There are many Interesting develop
ments as the drink habit becomes
more and firmly fixed One is the loss
of veracity The head of an inebriate
asylum says they have to take away
all money Jewels and other valuables
from tho Inmates so they will not use
them for buying drink Buy it they
will and then conceal it and lie about
Rum drinking and lying go together
for tho Influence of drink is to bring
not only physical but moral ruin Tho
sense of veracity is especially hard to
restore but there can be no genuine
and permanent reformation without
Trace Insanity to DrInk
The uso of alcohol causes one in
every five cases of insanity according
to tho report of the Cleveland 0
State hospital delivered to Gov Har
mon by Dr C H Clark the superin
tendent Of tho 931 admissions dur
years per cent are
classed alcoholic cases
This supports the contention of Dr
II C Eyman superintendent of the
Masslllon State hospital that the drink
habit ii the most prolific cause of in
1885 Berea College 190
Dlace5 the BEST EDUCATION in reach of all1
Over 60 instructors 1221 students from 23 states and 6 foreign countries
Largest college library is Kentucky NO SALOONS
A special teacher for each grade and for each main subject
So many classes that each student can be placed with others like
himself where he can make most rapid progress
Which Department Will You Enter 1
THE MODEL SCHOOLS for those least advanced Same Isoturee
library and general advantages as for more advanced students Arlthmetla
and the common branches taught In the right way Drawing Singing Bible e
Handwork Lessons in Farm and Household Management etc Free tat
TRADE COURSES for any who have finished fifth grade fractions and
compound numbers Brickwork Farm Management Printing Woodwork
Nursing Dressmaking Household Management Loam and Earn
ACADEMY REGULAR COURSE 2 years for those who have largely
finished common branches The most practical and interesting studies ta
fit a young person for an honorable and useful life
CHOICE OF STUDIES Is offered In this course so that a young man
may secure a diploma In Agriculture and a young lady In Home Selene
ACADEMY COMMERCIAL 1 year or 2 years to fit for business Bvea
a part of this course as fall and winter terms Is very profitable Sma11
extra feesi
ACADEMY PREPARATORY 2 3 and 4 year courses with Latin Otis
man Algebra History Science oto fitting for college
COLLEGIATE 4 years Literary Scientific and Classical courses wit f
use of laboratories scientific apparatus and all modern methods The
highest educational standards
NORMAL 3 and 4 year courses fit for the profession of teaching First
year parallel to 8th grade Model Schools enables one to get a first class
certificate Following years winter and spring terms give the Information
culture and training necessary for a truo teacher and cover branches needs
tary for State certificate
MUSIC Singing free Heed Organ Voice Culture Piano Theory
Band may be taken as an extra In connection with any course Small extra
Expenses Regulations Opening Days
Boron College Is not a moneymaking institution All the money rt
ceived from students Is paid out for their benefit and the School expend
oil an average upon each student about fifty dollars a year more than he pays
In This great deficit Is made up by the gifts of Christian and patriotic people
who are supporting Borea in order that it may train young men and women
for lives of usefulness
OUR SCHOOL IS LIKE A FAMILY with careful regulations to protect
the character and reputation of the young people Our students come from
the best families and are earnest to do well and improve For any who may
be sick the College provides doctor and nurse without extra charge
All except those with parents In Berea live In College buildings and
assist In work of boarding hall farm and shops receiving valuable train
tag and getting pay according to the value of their labor Except In wint
ter it is expected that all will have a chance to earn aa much as 35 cent
a week Some who need to earn more may by writing to the Secretary
before coming secure extra employment so as to earn from 60 gents fA
one dollar a week
PERSONAL EXPENSES for clothing laundry postage books etc vary
with different people Berea favors plain clothing Our climate is the best
but as students must attend classes regardless of the weather warm wrap I
and underclothing umbrellas and overshoes are necessary The Coopera
tive Store furnishes books toilet articles work uniforms umbrellas and
other necessary articles at cost
LIVING EXPENSES are really below cost The College asks no rent
for the fine buildings in which students live charging only enough room
rent to pay for cleaning repairs fuel lights and washing of bedding
and towels For table board without coffee or extras 135 a week faII
the fall and 160 in winter For room furnished fuel lights wash
tag of bedding 40 cents a week In fall and spring 60 cents In winter it
SCHOOL FEES are two First a Dollar Deposit as guarantee for
return of room key library books eta This Is paid but once and Is returned
when the student departs
Second an Incidental Fee to help on expenses for care of school build
ings hospital library etc Students pay nothing for tuition or services of
teachers all our instruction is a free gift The Incidental Fee for moat k
students Is 500 a term 8 In Academy and Normal and 700 in Coil
glato courses
PAYMENT MUST BE IN ADVANCE Incidental fee and room rent by
the term board by the half term Installments are as follows
FALL 14 weeks 2950ln one payment 82900
Installment plan first day 2105 including 100 deposit middle of
term 946r
WINTER12 weeks 2900ln one payment 2850
Installment plan first day 2100 Including 100 deposit middle of
term 900
SPRING10 weeks 2250ln one payment 2200e
Installment plan first day 1675 Including 100 deposit middle of
term 675
SPRING4 weeks term for those who must leave for farm work 1940
SPRING7 weeks term for those who must leave for teachers exams
nations f 1645
REFUNDING Students who leave by permission before the end of ft
term receive back for money advanced as follows No allowance for frac ye
Lion of a week I
On board refund in full
On room and Special Expenses there is a large loss noon
sloned by vacant rooms or depleted classes and the Institution will refund
only onehalt of the amount which the student has paid for the remaining
weeks of tho term
On Incidental Fee students excused before the middle of a term win re
cclve a certificate for onehalf the incidental fee paid which certificate wiltI
be received as cash by Berea College on payment of term bills by the sta
dent in person or a brother or sister if presented within four term
The first day of Fall term is September 15 J909
The first day of Winter term is January 5 1910
The first day of Spring term 8 March 30 1910
For information or friendly advice write to the Secretary
a I
That Premium Knife
takes the eyes of the men and boys who sea it The mountain people llksx
a good thing when they ECO if and to get a 75 cent knife with tw
blades of razor steel and a dollar paper that is worth more to the moun
tain people than any other dollar paper in the world
The Knife and The Citizen for X125
That brings ia subscriptions all the time If you have not got it JOB
ought to have
l I

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