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The citizen. (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, January 16, 1913, Image 2

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January i6, 1913
The Citizen
family nestspapsr for all that It rtfht.
true and Interesting.
rublUhed eery Thunnlsy it Ileres. Ky I
(Inmrporiitrd) ,
J. p. Faulkner, Editor and Minagsr. j
Subscription Ratos
One Yer t'
SU Month 60
Three Monthi i
fcend money ly riwt-office or Htprrw Money ,
Order. Dmfl.'KeKinlered Utter, oruneaiul two
cent utamps.
The lte after )onr name on Uhei jhowi to I
what date your tiiWIptloii l paM H It l not
chaneet within three week after renewal
notify us. 1
MiMlne numbers will I Kindly niipplled if we
aie notified.
Liberal tenna Rien to any who olitnln new
ulxcrlrtiomfor in Any one xiulltia; tuimir
rearly wtxripllotneaii receUeThc Cmen free
forlifift'elf for one )ear
AiHertMiiR rnte.Kin application- '
Before tho U. S. Supremo Court,
about Dec. 1, Solicitor General Bul
litt upheld tho right of tho govern
ment to stipulate the conditions un
der which mall shall bo carried.
"It Is a fact," declared tho Solici
tor, "that every man, woman and
child who malls a letter Is being un
justly taxed. Tho government over
charges peoplo who mall letters about
$70,000,000 por year."
'.Many other government officials
claim that there should be a radical
chango made In the present rates
charged on various classes of mall
matter. The largo proportion of second
class mail matter carried throughout
tho country is said to bo weekly and
monthly magazine matter full of ad
vertising pages, on which publishers
are making vast profits.
Active steps will be taken this
winter to pres,s through congress n
bill providing for one cent postage.
The National One Cent ctter Asso
ciation's offices are In. the New Kng
land Building, Cleveland, O., Geo. T.
Mcintosh being secretary and treas
It is a regrettable circumstance that
tho people of the country consider,
tonkin- a matter of mystery which
only the elect can understand. Busi
ness men often consider banking a
matter which they are not obliged to 1
understand, and understanding of
which would be useless to them. Ig
norance of banking as a factor In the
business and economic scheme begets
tho lack of confidence manifested tn
panics. A good monetary system Is
founded on two things-gold and pub
lic confidence. There can bo no con-
fidenco in anything without knowl
edge of It. England has more t on- ,
fidence than gold. The confidence is
born of general understanding of tho
tanking system. The most perfect
banking and currency system In this
country would be only partly success
ful If It were not understood. Every
business man, every farmer and
every wage-earner owes It to him
self to study the question of cur
rency reform, to learn the defects
of tho existing system, and why it
Is proposed to chango it.
Nearly a score of young men, nil
under twenty yeats of ago were
awaiting sentenco in a New York
court the other day, and with them
stood an old man, hardened with
crime, to receive his punishment. The
young criminals laughed and jeered
itt tho old man in his predicament.
Ho turned seriously toward them nnd
said: "I have spent thirty yearn of
my Ufo in prison, and, no that 1
am dowu and out, you young fools
taunt mo with my ago. 1 am no
preacher, but I want to tell you that
crlmo docs net pay. You should thank
God that you are not ns old as I am,
and that there Is still tsomo hope for
you." Thoro was shamo In tho fac'a
of the young men, nnd silence, ex
cept tho bitter sobbing of one of their
number, a lad of sixteen. What an He
o,uent sermon out of such a sad ex
perience! It Is to be hoped It did
bo mo good. If tho old man had la the
beginning of life followed tho ndvlce
ho gave tho young men, hlJ gray
hairs would have been n crown nt
glory Instead of shame. JTho Christ
ian Herald.
In tho current Issue of Farm and
Fireside a woman contributor writing
a little article on "The Cost of
Wheat" says:
"Mr. Schwartz estimates tho cost
nt $10.25 per aero. A farmer In North
Dakota, twins 320 ncreti, nil In wheat
as a basis, figures $12.25 per acre. If
a business man, a manufacturer of
larni machinery, for Instance, wore
to figure- the cost of growing au
aero of whent as ho figures the cost
of 1113 product, he would Include the
Interest on his plant; tho farm cost,
tho upkeep; waking good and replac
ing tho wear and tear; the salary of
tho president or manager of tho
plant, In addition to thnt of tho em
ployees (tho fanner's wlto would bo
considered on tho basis of an assist
ant manager, and her Salary' would
bo calculated); tho loss of stock dur
ing tho year; tho Interest on the
I note, If any, nt tho bank, or say the
fnrm mortgage, If such things exist
i today In tho farm world, tnicM, mid
perhaps a percentage for 'unseen (X
' ponscs' that creep Into farm lit 1
and jot go unheeded.
"If the above Items nre not legiti
mate 'expense" Items on a farm,
what nro 1"
"Not getting tho better o. nnoth r
1 person, but getting tho best out of
one's self Is success."
"God often would enrich,
But finds not where to pl-icc his
Nor In hand nor heart a vacant
Do your best leave tho rest.
Do It now.
One fday Is worth two tomorrows.
rink and Idlenett.
Intemperance Is fostered n much by
ennui as by physical debility A mind
fully occupied hag far less disposition
to excess Tho hardest drinking oc
curs In stagnnnt provincial towns.
London Outlook. ,
Continued from I'irtt rage
The ride to Chickamauga Park Is a
delightful one, the car passiug first
through tho business section of tho
city, then through a broad manufac
turing area, on to Itossvllle, and then
through the famous Itossvllle gap Into
the fertile fields of North Georgia. Ar
riving at "the post," as it Is familiarly
called by Chattanooga, tho visitor
finds good roads, kept up by the gov
ernment, running through tho military
pari;, with lt3 broad acres and stately
monuments, marking places where he
rocs of both the blue and the gray
poured out their life'i blood during
that dreadful conflict, when the forces
clinched in a deathly struggle that
lasted several day. Every school
child knows about the battle of Chick
amauga and the visitor to Chattanoo
ga Is privileged to revel among its his
toric spots at will and indulge In remi
niscences of the pan to his heart's
content. Not all the words ever coined
by history writers can describe the
beauties of this place, watered by tho
blood of soldiers; nor can the poets
describe tho solomnly sacred senti
ments that hover about It.
Is It any wonder than convcntlonlsts
flock to Chattanooga during all seasons
of the year? Is It any wonder that
Chattanooga's hotels nro- filled the
year round with tourists stopping over
for a day or a week to visit the places
of Interest In these parts? Not only
by ones and twos, but sometimes by
whole families tho tourists como and
spend days here. Many Journey direct
to Chattanooga, while thousands, go
ing from north to south and from
south to north, stop over. The rail
roads all give stop-over rates hero and
a great part of the time special rates
are on.
Many Notable Gatherings Here.
Chattanooga has In tho past enter
tained some of the most notable gath
erings that ever nssembled. Right
recently this city has been host
to the National I'ndertakers' As
sociation, the Travelers" l'rotectlve
Association, the Southern Textile As
sociation, the Southern Woman and
Child Labor Conference, tho Army of
the Cumberland and tho Union Veter
ans' Legion. Tho Army of tho Cum
berland meets regularly In this city.
A most notable gathering hore and
on that should be mentioned separate
ly was the Southern Presbyterian Lay
men's conference last winter. To this
gathering came 1,500 delegates -from
all over the south and during the ses
sions the Southern Presbyterian lay
men made great plans for the future,
missionaries volunteered to go to tho
foreign fields and thousands of dollars
wore pledged for foreign mission
Besides the conventions and assem
blies already mentioned, there have
met bore In time past tho American
Bar Association, the American League
of Postmasters, the Association of
Railway Claim Agents, the Association
of Deans of Law Schools, the National
Association of Bank Clerks, tho Amer
ican Association of Dining Car Super
intendents, the Southern Educational
Association, the Hallway Fuel Agents'
Association, the Speech Arts Associa
tion, the American Society of Civil En
gineers, conferences of both the North
ern and Boutborn Methodist Churches,
Presbyterian synods and Baptist state
conventions, also the Southern Bap
tist convention.
One of the biggest hauls Chattanoo
ga ever made in the way of securing
publlo gatherings was made In Ma
con, Oa., last spring, when the Chat
tanooga delegation, several hundred
strong, captured the United Confeder
ate Veterans' Reunion tor 1913,
Qlrdseye View of the Incline to the
Baptists Occupy a High Place Numer
ically Interchurch Federation Has
Proved to be a Great Success In
This Cfty.
Chattanooga merits easily tho dis
tinction of being a religious center.
This Is demonstrated not only by tho
cordial welcomo It alwayB extends to
visiting religious conventions, but by
the activity In church circles locally.
The Interchurch federation there has
already proven a success, as was
shown recently when tho city audi
torium was the scene of n service In
tho interest of church unity, under tho
auspices of the federation.
The Baptists in Chattanooga occupy
a high position numerically. Thero
are in Chattanooga over a dozen ac
tive white Baptist churches and each
Monday morning, following a confer
ence of the ministers of all denomina
tions In the Y. M. C. A. building, the
Baptist pastors meet in tho Sunday
school room of tho First Baptist
Church and there discuss the work of
their denomination. Tho suburban
churches In Chattanooga, as well as
those uptown, are active In promot
ing the causes for which they stand.
All the Baptists of Chattanooga are
unanimous In their anticipation of t In
coming laymen's convention and they
are making big preparations to give
their visiting brethren, both ministers
and laymen, a hearty welcome, the
memory of which will last long after
the convention shall have adjourned.
A Chattanooga Baptist welcome
which Is of the highest type, and a
welcome from the members of the oth
er denominations, born of Christian
fellowship, will be accorded all dele-'
Chattanoogans will open their hearts
to the Baptist hosts who Journey that 1
way February 4, 5 and C. I
Southern Baptists Endorse Laymen's
Missionary Movement In Rich
mond, Va., In 1907.
Southern Baptists endorsed tho Lay
men's Movement at tho meeting of
tholr convention In Richmond, Va., In
May, 1907. An executive committee of
nine men was appointed with J. Harry
Tyler as chairman, and Baltimore ns
headquarters. Aftor months of search
ing for a secrotary tho committee se
cured the sorvlces of J. '1. Henderson,
of Virginia, for a part of his time.
Tho movemont has gained consider
ablo headway among Southern Bap
tists; tho different states havo com
mittees moro or less actlvo and hun
dreds of association and churchos
1 havo commltteos to press the princi
ples of this movement. South Caro
lina has a salaried secretary. Scoroa
, of men nro recognizing tho obligation
, of stewardship and are heartily giving
valuablo tlmo, thought and scrvlco as
well as money to the propagation of
I the gospel.
I The great convention to bo held In
Chattanooga will add now Impotus to
this movement among Southern Bap
tists. The speakers are to be among tho
ablest on the continent. President S.
0. Mitchell, of the State University of
South Carolina; Dr. J. B. Gambrcll, of
Texas; Dr. W. J. Williamson, of St.
Louis; J, Campbell White, of Now
York; President W. L. PoteaL of
Wake Forest College, N, C; Dr. H. F.
L Flamme, of New York; Dr, Oeo. W.
Truett, of Texas, and Judge Whipple,
of Georgia, are a few of the speakers.
Summit of Lookout Mountain, Term.
TION. Hotel Facilities for the 3,000 Pastors
and Laymen Expected Convention
City Noted for Excellence of its Ho
tels and its Hospitality to Visitors.
A city noted for its ample hotel ac
commodations Is Chattanooga, Teun.,
which will be thronged with visitors
February 4, G nnd C, nnd already tho
hotels there arc beginning to look for
ward to tho occasion, anticipating tho
accommodation of many guests Al
though the attendance iiihki the con
vention, it is expected will reach 3,0UO,
including laymen and pastors, all will
be well taken care of in a comfortable
Hotel facilities form a city's chief
asset as far as tho trarling public Is
concerned. The rapid growth In site
and popularity of Chattanooga had
given rlso to nn over-Increasing de
mand for ample hotel accommodations
and this demand has always been sup
piled. Never has it been said of
Chattanooga that it could not care for
all who were guests within its hospi
table bordors. Tho 60,000 tourists who
visit tho city annually all receive the
best of attention.
Tho largest hotel In the city Is tho
Hotel Patten, n twelve-story $1,000,000
structure, with over 230 rooms, lo-
Hotel Patten (Headquarters).
cated at the point wboro Georgia ave
nue, Market street and Eleventh
street como together. This hotel Is
ono of tho finest structures of Its kind
In Amorlca, li absolutely fireproof and
equipped with all modern hotel fa
cilities. '
Both tho Patten and tho Read are
frequently chosen as headquarters for!
notable gatherings. j
Tho Grand hotel, a now flvo-story
fireproof building, Is located on Mar
ket street, Just across from tho Ter
minal station. It Is modernly
equipped. I
Other hotels aro:
Tho Read houso, located on West
Ninth street, opposlto tho Union Sta
tion. Tho Eastern hotel, corner of Mar
ket and Eleventh streets.
Tho Hotol Northern, corner of
Chestnut nnd Eighth streets.
Tho Theresa, on East Sixth street,
back ot tho Bijou.
Tho Ford hotol, South Markot street,
near tho Terminal station.
Tho Tourist hotel, South Market
streot, opposite tho Terminal station.
Tho Rcdmon hotel, South Market
m i 'j it
L .r,"i il l UUUI1!';V.'
Btroot, opposite tho Terminal utation. I ,D thelr return v. 14. But tho troo ot
Tho Terminal hotol, East Fourteenth 11,0 WM not ,Mt foreror B1 now we
Btreot, near tho Terminal station. I urgod to Prte ot It to our fulL
Tho Williams house, on Market 04,0 IleT' 2 !L
treet, betwoon Ninth and Tenth1 .Adm Bnd Ero the powor ot
streets, running through to Georgia cholc0 and thu ,M40a "voals a faith
avenue. portraiture ot tho drama ot Ufa.
(Uy li. O. HKM.KHfl, Director of Kvo
nlnit Department Ths Moody lllble In
stitute, of Chicago.)
LKSrtON TKXT-Oneala J.t-11. S-U.
(lUI.I)K.V TPT-"Kvery cms thnt com
mtttetli tin I tlio timl servant of iln."
John S.J4 It, V.
Them nru four natural divisions to
this chapter In Genesis: I. Tho
Temptation vv. 1-5; if. Tho Fall, vv.
C, 7; III. Tho Trial, vv. S-13; IV. Tho
Sentenco vv. 14-21.
I. Tho Temptntlon vv. 1-C. En
vironment certainly did not cnuso our
parent In the garden, to fall. How
long after tho crentlon of in an this
event occurred no ono knows. Was
It a real serpent? Why not? Did not
Adam na nui all tho nnlmals? It Is no
stretch of Imagination to believe tho
tradition that ho conversed with them
till driven from tho garden Truo Mil
ton and not Genesis says this was Sa
tan, yut Milton had Scrlpluro author
i lly, Rev 12 9 Wo nro nlso taught
that Satan can assume disguises, 2
Cor 11:U, etc
Tho point of attack was to question
tho word of God; this Is always tho
open doorway to all sin. False tho-
ology always leads la thn end to falsi
conduct. God had forbidden to oat of
mt ono trco, chapter J: 17, but her
Satan takes a partlnl truth to mako
a lie. "Yn shall not rat of tho fruit
of all tho trees." t. 1 (IL V ) Ere did
what Jesus did when ho was tempted,
replied with tho words of God vv, 2
and 3. But though Mm saw through
Satan's misrepresentation, sho made
the collosal mlstako of parleying.
Oalnlng that much ground Satan goes
a step further It Is not death she
noed to be fearful of: God would rath
er prevent hor becoming HVn himself
hence tho prohibition not to partako
of thu fruit of tho troo.
Eve's Mistake.
"Your eyes shall bo opened . . .
tho woman saw" Human curiosity
and a wrong ambition for a clearer
knowledge havo over been fruitful
sources of failure, Evo made tho mls
tako of adding to God s words (2:17)
and of allowing herself to sen tho one
prohibition of thn garden rather than
thn myriads of privileges.
II Tho Fill, vv. C. 7. Thn next
Htep was but thn entering wedge. The
appeal was to tho eyes, "it wns a do
light to tho eyes" v. 6 It. V , "she took
of It," see 1 John 2.16. When God
gnvo command not to eat, ho know
tlui danger of touching, 2 Cor. 6:17.
Thern was of course a possible escapn,
1 Cor 10:13. even yet. but scarcely
so, Evo had gono too for, henco sho.
and then Adam partook.
Adam's Fault.
Adam's fault was that ho listened to
his wife's persuslon (v. 17). Their
deslro for a present advantage, "be
como llko God," ovcrcamn the fear of
n futurn displeasure and llluslrntvs
the Hebrew word for sin, "missing thu
mark." Immediately their eyes were
opened. What they saw- now was not
"deBlrablo to look upon" and they
made themsdves girdles from tho
leaves of tho fig trees. Man has over
slnco been seeking to cover his own
III. Tho Trial vv. 8.13. Commit
Iniquity nnd human naturn seeks con
cealment Innocenco never seeks cov
er Sin makes cowards of us all. As
the cool of tho day approaches God
walks tn tho garden. Of courso hn
misses Adam and calls "Wliero art
thou?" From that day on his call has
resounded but man heeds not tho call.
IV. The Sentenco vv. 14-24. Adam
nought to throw tho blamo upon Evo
and indirectly upon God who had giv
en him Evo. No excusn but seeks to
evado responsibility. Wo see, how
over, In tho words of this section three
great facta presented, First, tho ro
tation between tho human raco nnd
tho race of serpents, Everything that
la evil, repulslvo and vllo Is summa
rized In that phrnso "that old sorpont"
Rev. 12:9. Tho trickery of a serpent.
Its venom, ltB nolselessness, Its re
port to dark places, and man's natural
Instinct to kill a snako, all put togeth
er, Is but a summary of thn curso as
recorded In verses 11 and 15.
Second, tho everlasting conflict bo-
I tween man and tho powers of ovll.
One reason wo know this garden story
la truo 1b that It squaroa with our ov
ery day experience. It Ih as truo to
life as the laws of mathematics. Tho
power of sin, Ita appeal to prldo, to
lust, to ambition, to tho pleasure of
tho eyes, to any and all of tho emo
tions, and tho counter pull of an out
raged conscience nro too vivid n ro
I allty In our lives to bo denied. And
lastly thoro 1b tho prophecy of ono
I who should conquer this powor and
bring all things subject to himself.
I Ho who was to conquor that last en
emy, death, 1 Cor. 16:24, 26. Having
thus partakon of tho "trco of tho
knowledgo of good and evil" theroby
Incurring the curso of labor and toll
upon thorn God avoided tho possibility
of their partaking of "tho troe of Ufo
1 and llvo forever" by Bonding thorn out
ot " garden and effectually prevent-
(Conducted bf tti National Woman's
Christian Temperance Union.)
Many Lives Lost at Sea Because Cap
tain of the Vessel Has Taken Too
Much Alcohol. ,
I)r Wilfred T. Orenfell, who has
done such elllclent work among the
fishermen off the coast of I Jtbrndor,
"Why don't I want to see liquor
used at sea? Because when I go down
for i watch below I want to feel that
the man at the wheel sees only one
I light when thero Is only ono light to
i sou; that whrn tho safety of tho ship
J and nil it curries depends on thn cool
1 head, the Instant resolve nnd the
steady hand of the helmsman, there
Is not standing there In plant of the
' man, the poor debased rrrnturo that
all thn world has seen nlrohnl create
' oven out of such gifted men as
Burns nnd Coleridge, nnd hosts of
' others
1 "I hnfo seen ships Inst through cob
Union becnuso thn raptnln hud been
'taking a little alcohol. I have had to
' tell a woman that she was a wlilnw,
and that her children were fatherless,
becnuso her husband, gentle nnd lev
Ins, clean tllvng, had been tempted to
' take it drop of alcohol nt sen, and had
' fullon over the sldo dmnk, nnd hail
gonn Into a drunkard's eternity I
biivo had to clothe children nnd feed
them when reduceil to starvation, be
cause alcohol hud robbed them of a
natural protector nnd of all thn nee
untitles of life."
There Is No Escape From Scientific
I Fact That Moderate Drinking
- Is Slow Suicide.
Whenever ntrohol Is spoken ot as
"a polnon," It should be designated
as "a rlow poison." No doubt many
a hoy has concluded It Is not a real
poison becnuso It dors not mnkn thn
beer drinker or the whisky drin.er
full right down nnd die. But It kills
I "by Inches" It takes thirty-one year
for moderato drinking to kill a stout
' nuug man of twenty, who Is strnnic
enough to pass an Insurance exainlna
tlun It has by that lime killed thlr
teen years out of his Ufa Hn had nu
business to din till he was slit) four
. British mutual companies that rlasai
f) abstainers and moderate drinkers
separately, and rebate to each what
eier thoy fall short of thn expected
mortality. Iiuh for half a eetnur
given more than twenty-six per cent
higher rebates to abstainers than to
moderated Thern Is no e-srnpi' from
the scientific fart that fnmtrratn
drinking Is slow suicide
Fiscal Year Shows Million Oaircli
Less of Malt Liquid Consumed In
' This Country.
The statement has been mude b
the Liquor Dealers' association (lint
there has been an Increase In tho coo
sumption ot whisky In the Cnlted
States, Tho Internal revenue retort
docs sustain this claim, Thero h
been an Increase In tho manufacturu
of distilled spirits, but a much larger
proportion than ever before of dls
tilled spirits Is going Into different
lines of manufacture, and Into traJ
other than for usn as a beverage
Concerning mult liquors, the pre
llmlnary report of tho United Mates
Internal revenue commission shows a
decrease of over 1,000.000 barrels of
beor consumed In this country during
the fiscal yeur ending Juno 30, 1912
Give the Children a Chance.
Glvo these bright-eyed little folks a
chance, Thn saving of tho boys anJ
girls Is moru Important than the elec
tion ot a president.
It Is morn Importnnt to save thero
than It Is to acquire; territory It U
better to keep tfio smllo on their lii
and tho twinklo In tholr eyes limn it
Is to Btorm and worry over thn tariff
Tho salvation of tho bouI of a hor
or a girl la morn Important than ths
success of any political party It l
better to keep tho Bunshlno In their
henrtB. and It la better to keep the
sttnshlno In tho henrtB of tho mothers,
thun to win a political victory -Ki-Gov.
J. Frank Ilnnly.
. Worst Evil.
I It Is said that on one occasion so
' ovll genius, meeting n high minded
prlnco, gave him tho cholco of three
things, ono of which ho must do -
1 ourso tils maker, murder his father, or
get drunk. 1Mb mind rovoltcd In hor
ror from tho first two; so ho choi
tho third as tho lenst of - the lhrc
sins. But while drunk ho commltied
I both tho others.
Changed His Order.
A father took Ills llttlo boy to t"
-a.. U'Imn nnnn rAITlfl
, and tho boy wont to n restaurant
where tho fathor often had lunch 1"
a..i,. nn,ii,iir dm order saa
i knowing It was tho father's custom W
havo a bottlo ot liquor witn i n
asked the boy what ho would U "
drink. The boy roplled: "''",!
what father takes." Quito natursllf
the fathor realliod the seriousness w
tho situation and had a glass o '"
at his plato Instead of the custom

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