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November 1 111 Six MOUNTAIN AGRICULTURE Conducted by Mr. Robert F. Spenca, Farm Demonstrator and Specail Investigator Country Friends, Remember: We are to have a splendid time in Berra at the Agricultural and School Fair this Friday and Saturday. We are all coming and get better ac quainted with our neighbors. We shall place our farm products along side of our naighbors In friendly competition. We shall manifest the spirit of helpfullness and co-operation. We shall hear interesting lectures and discussions by good speakers who have our in terests at heart. One farmer aid to the writer in Jackson County, "I did not bring this hog to the Fair in order to get a premium, but 1 brought this hog in order that more of my neighbors In this county might see a good hog for breeding purposes." Now that was a splen did spirit of helpfullness and not selfishness. This Fair is yours and we want to see you here. Come, bring your neighbor and you neighbor's neigh bor. "COMPOSITION ON JACKSON COUNTT." Prise Composition Jtokson Count? Agricultural and School Fair by Emily Bowlss In the mountain district of South eastern Kentucky, there is a tract of land which, though hilly end broken, is a very beautiful bound ary. In the year 1858 this boundary was carved out of its mother coun ties, Madison, Estill, Owsley, Clay, Laurel and Rockcastle and was given the name of that famous old war hero, Andrew Jackson, who had been president of the United States. Let us look back into the records of the county before its birth. We can fancy eeing the deer as they scaled these hills and fed on the wild grass; we seem to hear the rumble of the wild buffalo as be thundered across these ridges; we seem to catch faint echoes of the wild turkey's gobble. Imagine the keen barking of the fox as it sounded in harmony with low heavy "whol who!" of the owl. The beautiful forest scarcely broken and the crack of a rifle could be heard for miles. But let us study the Jackson of to-day, we find that it is touched by seven counties, Madison, Estill, Lee, Owsley, Clay, Laurel and Rock' castle. The region as a whole is of light clay soil, but there is some limestone in the north western part. It is drained by both the Kentucky and Cumberland rivers. The tribu taries to the Kentucky are Stur goon, Warfork, South Fork and Station Camp. While those of the CINCINNATI MARKETS GRAIN. Wheat No. 2 red $1.8701.88, No. I red 11.8001.85, No. 4 red $1.6601.78. Corn No. 1 white tlMl.0t. No. 3 white $1.06tt106. No. 4 white $1.03 01 05. No. t yellow 1.06l.O6tt, No. 3 yellow $1.0501.08. No. 4 yellow $1.0301.06, No. I mixed tl.0691.05tt. No. S mixed $1.041601.06. No. 4 mix ed ll.O2tt01.O3tt, white ear $1030 1.05. yellow ear $1.0391.05, mixed ear $1.0201.04. Oate No. 2 white 65tt56c. stand ard white 65 S5 He, No. S white 64 65c. No. 4 white 53H54Hc,-Jo. mixed 84 tt 65c, No. 3 mixed (4 (4 He, No. 4 mixed 53 0 64c. Hay No. 1 timothy $15. No. $ tim othy $14, No. I timothy $12, No. 1 clo ver mixed $14, No. 2 clover mixed $13, No. 1 clover $13.50, No. 2 cloTer $11.50. EGGS AND POULTRY. Eggs Prime first 35c. firsts 24c, ordinary firsts 32c. seconds 27 He Live Poultry Roasters, 4 lbs and over, 14c; broilers, 1V4 lb and under, lc; fryers, over 1H lb. 14c; fowls, 4Vi lbs and over, 15c; IV lbs and over, littc; under 3V4 lbs, 12c; roosters, 12Vsc; white spring; ducks, 2 to 2 lbs, 16c; 2 lbs and over, He: colored, 2 to 3 lbs, 12014c; ducks, old, white, 3 lbs and over, 16c; under 2 lbs, 14c; color ed, 14c; old ben turkeys, I lbs and over, 23c; young hen turkeys, under 8 lbs, 20r; young torn turkeys, 10 lbs and over, 20c; old torn turkeys, 10 lbs and over, 23r; crooked breasted, 10 O. 12c; culls, 608c. LIVE STOCK. Cattle Shippers $708.50, butcher ateera, extra $7,600$, good to choice $6.60 0 7.50, common to fair $5 0 6.26; heifers, extra $6 600", good to choice $5.7504 60. common to fair $4,600 6.60; cows, extra $5.6005.75. good to choice $506.(0, common to fair $3.50 4.76, canners $306, stockora and feeders $506.75. Bulls Bologna $5.26 06.85, fat bulls $406.25. Calves Extra $10.76. fair to good $8010.76, common and large $4,600 1.76. Hogs Selected heavy shippers $10.160 10 20, good te choice packers aad butchers $10 16010 20, mixed packers $9 O01O15, stage $4.60 0 8 50, common to choice heavy fat sows $7 10 0t (0, select medium (160 to 180 lbs) $ 400 85, light shippers $ 1O0.6O, alas (110 lbs and less) $6 6001. rJhecp Extra' $4.60 0 4.76. good to choice $6.6006.60, common to fair 101. Cumberland art Laurel Fork, Mid dle Fork, Indian Creek, Moore's Creek, Pond Creek and Horse Lick. All these streams, when flooded will float staves, ties and logs, for which purposes they have been very much used for some time. They wore once filled with beautiful fish, but to-day, for various reasons, the fish are scarcely worth mentioning. Lumbering has been a very im portant industry in the County for about fourteen years. There are now two large lumber companies operating in the County; the Tur key Foot Lumber Company in the east, and the Bond Foley Company in the Southwestern part of the County. The saw mill of the Bond Foley Company which is at Bond, is one of the largest and most com plete lumber mills in the United Slates. The daily output is esti mated to be about 60,000 to 100,000 feet Both lumber companies have built standard guage railroads into their respective forests. These railroads have already beea very beneficial to the County. The most important minerals of the County are iron ore and coal. The iron ore has not been mined any yet, and the coal has been mined a little for home consumption. It Is believed by some, however, that there are deposits of oil in this County. There has already been one oil well sunk on Middle Fork. Farming, however, is the occupa tion that is here to stay. The larger per rent of the families of the Coun ty look to the farm for their sup port. The value of the farm prop, erty is $1,675,000. The chief crops arc corn, wheat, rye, hay, garden products and fruit growing. Corn is cultivated more than any other one crop. There being 20,600 acres cultivated annually and an average yield of 11 bushels per acre. I am happy to say that the ten dency of this crop is less acreage and more bushels. Hay is a very important crop, there being 5,285 acres of meadow land which pro duce an average of 2,500 tons each year. The average of the potato crop annually, 363 acres, which produce 34.3K3 bushels. In round numbers there are 24,000 peach trees which produce 1,500 bushels of fruit annually, and 54.500 apple trees which yield 45,500 bushels of apples annually. There are 1,080 colonies of bees. The value of which is 13,210. The more important wild animals of the County are the fox, mink, skunk, gray squirrel, fox squirrei, ground squirrel, ground hog, opos sum, musk rat and rabbit The chief domestic animals are horse, mule, cow, sheep, hog, and dog. There are 2,887 head of horses and mules, valued at $304,700 and 6205 head of cattle, valued at $134,- 000. Of the cattle there are 2,749 dairy cows, 506 other cows, 866 yearling heifers, 603 calves, 903 yearlings steers and bulls, 578 steers and bulls of other ages. The value of the 4,000 head of sheep is $16,000. The average number of chickens yearly is 70,200, which lay 213,898 dozens of eggs. The poultry and eggs are valued at $50,109 annually. On this vast globe, this little spot of which you have heard so much is found at about 34 degrees and 28 minutes north latitude and 40 de grees longitude. The area of it in square miles is 351, with an average of 322 persons to the square mile, or 10,234 in all. Of this number about 2200 are legal voters, 300 of these voters are il literate. I am glad to say that il literacy is on the run: for the re ports of our 75 schools, show that the advanced method of education ar taking roots in the bosom of nearly every school boy and school girl in the County. After Wave of Hatred Has Spent Itself World WW Awake to Futility of War By J. WEBB SAFFOLD, el Omlul Okie In order to purify a muddy stream it must first be stirred up. Europe taw its civilized veneer of intellectual self-righteousness swept aside by the volcano of pent-up violence, but after this ware of molten hatred has spent itself and the world has had time to take moral inventory it will grasp the great lesson of the futility of war. Thesa are "times that try men'i souls," but we must rally reason and faith to remember that tha darkest hour precedes the dawn. Now is tha time to look on through tha clouds of violence, doubt and fear to tha more substantial peace that lias beyond. Men who give way to skepticism, doubt and fear mentally unfit them selves to help themselves or others. We want neither the bombastic optimist, without a reason for his optimism, nor the pessimist with hit downward tendency. We want Strang man who ara able and willing to girt good reason "for the faith that ia in them, to load onward and upward into tha bright future. WANING OF THE HORSE. Dr. Hews Presets It Practical Diss, aearsnoe gram Reed I Tea Years. "Another tea rears will aee national road systems covering erery section of tbe country the greatest practical step In the direction of preperedneas thst could be made." says Dr. II. M. Rows, tbe newly alerted president of the American Automobile association. "la a decade we shall begin to have eeparnte roads for freight traffic and passenger traffic, and the horse and male will have practically disappeared. Our present highways will be greatly multiplied and largely Increased la width and Improved In quality. No other country on the face of the earth can make snrh good and profitable use of good roads as tbe United States of America. We will eventually excel In ran rasatxa of thb hobss. that as we do In many other things. There have been wonderful changes la aU matters relating to tranaportatioa sine the Introduction of the motorcar, bat there are still greater things to come. "We have worked for good roads for the reason that they are of equal eco nomic benefit In tbs final analysis to au, and It is only Just and right that tbe people of oar country should hsve the advantages to which they are en titled. We have worked for unrestrict ed Intercourse between the state through the use of motorcars, because that la a constitutional right that has been denied us. We have asked for equal taxation. That Is another con stitutional right that baa been set aside, partly because we submitted to It wil lingly, I admit, but It Is an Injustice) and constitutes cnfalr treatment Just the same. "In addition, the owners of motor cars are being subjected to all sorts of petty annoyances special taxes, li censes and rules and regulations re garding traffic, nsa of lights and many restrictions, seldom alike la two places, and which subject decent men and wo men to arrest and conviction, often for the most trivial reasons. Much baa been accomplished, it la true, but there) yet remains much to be accomplished before It can be truthfully aald that tha owner of a motorcar Is not sub jected to annoyances and unfair treat ment which Is not visited anon tbosa who employe other road vehicles." Device Measures Read Wear. To the casual bystander tbe mixing of aU concrete may seem to be the asms process repeated over and over again according to the same formula. This la not so, bowsver, as different proportions of Ingredients are used for the different purposes which tbs fin ished product must serve. Particular ly la this ao In tbe case of concrete roads. To determine tb durability of this or that mixture In actual service engineers have devised apparatus by which tbs wear on a concrete road sur face from year to year can be deter mined to 1-1.000 of an Inch. The dev ice Is described In tbe Engineering Record. Tbe results of such tests will not Improve the condition of tbe par ticular road on which they are made, bat they will indicate bow better roads may be built In tbe future. Ohio Read Making. The Ohio highway comnilaslon has swarded contracts for the Improve ment of 207 miles of highway. With these contracts tbe amount of road work awarded, reaches $4,000,000, The Thing te Get At Chief Counsel The first thing to do la to get at the root of this trouble. Associate Counsel Tbe root of the trouble is tbs late Mr. Blgwad's for tune. Chief Counsel Exactly, and ws must get at It New Tork Tribune. I I " 1 HOME DEPARTMENT Conducted by Mist Julia H. CARE Of MT BED ROOM Prise Essay Jackson County Pair Written by Marls Carter, a 6th Gradsr of Anville Instltate I have a bed-room all my own. It is in the north-east corner of the bnililing. I have the entire charge of it. I clean by room properly each day. In the morning I turn the covers over the foot of the bed and open the windrws. After I have eaten breakfast, I go to my room and clean it. Saturday is my cleaning day, and It is a very busy one. First, I take the sheets and pillow cases off and put clean ones on. I always have the surface of the bed smooth and am careful that the spread hangs even on all sides. I lake the covers off of the bu reau and washstand ami take the nigs, chairs and trunk out into the hall. I sweep the room very clean, corners and all and put a dust cloth around the broom to sweep the cob webs off the ceiling. I dust the furniture, the dorr and tbe shelves. I then get a clean mop and water and mop my room. After I get it mopped, I take my basin. pitcher, lamp chimney and the slop jar down stairs and wash them thoroughly with hot water. Then I bring them to my room and put them in the proper place. I put the bureau scarf on and the vases, pictures, and other things. I (Inst the rugs and put them on the flr, one in front of the wash stand, one by the door, and one be fore the, bureau. After dusting the chairs and the trunk, I bring them into my room. And my room then is in very good order. TBE STORT OF MACBETB "I went to a tragedy which they called 'Macbeth;' and, when I came hi Mm', Mil my husband that I could not bear to see men and women make themselves such fools, by pre tending to be witches and ghosts, generals and kings, and to walk in their sleep when they were as much awake as theme that looked at them. He told me that I must get higher notions, and that a play was the most rational of all entertainments, and mont proper to relax the mind after the business of the day." Delmrah (linger, in "The Idler," by Samuel Johnson. Whether, at the end of the even ing with "Macbeth," your opinion will be that of Mrs. Ginger or that of her husband, we do not know. We feel certain, however, that if you know the story of "Macbeth" at the beginning of the evening you will appreciate President South wick's reading of the play more than you would otherwise. .We shall, therefore, endeavor to give you in as brief a space as possible, some account of this tragedy, one of Shakespeare's greatest. The scene of the play is laid in Scotland, many years ago. Vio lence and treachery, internal strife and foreign invasion from Norway, threaten the kingdom. Over this distracted realm reigns Duncan, a king gentle by nature, whose power depends entirely upon the ability and loyalty of his generals. Two of these, Macbeth and Banquo, near kinsmen to the king, are returning after a great victory over the rebels and the Norwegian invaders. Their way lies over a barren heath, and in the midst of this waste land they are accosted by three "wierd sis ters, or witches, who make a proph ecy concerning the future of both the men. Macbeth is hailed, first as "Thane of Glamis" the title which he possessed at the time; then as "Thane of Cawdor" a larg er and more .important title; and, finally, as "King hereafter." Hard to unravel as this prophecy may be, it is surpassed in mystery by the declaration of the witches concern ing Danquo, whom they proclaim, "Lesser than Macbeth, and greater; not so happy, yet much happier." Danquo, they say, will be the father of kings, even though he is not a king himself. Hardly have the witches vanished, when the fulfillment of their proph ecy begins. Macbeth is informed by messengers of the king that he has been given the title "Thane of Cawdor." Macbeth, in his own mind, accepts this as a guarantee of the fulfillment of the entire prophecy, in spite of Danquo's caution that it may be merely a trick to lead him onward to destruction. According ly, Macbeth begins to speculate upon the possibility of attaining the throne itself. His expectation that he might be named by Duncan for tha succession, as the nearest kins man of full age. is dashed to the ground when the king nominates his young son, Malcolm, to a title which carries with it succession to the throne. Nichol, Director of Home Science In this moment of his disappoint ment, Macbeth receives word that the king, with his two sons, Is plan ning to visit him at his castle. It Immediately occurs to Macbeth that he may bring to pass the prophecy of the witches by murdering Dun can. The encounter with thewierd sisters had been related by Marbeth to his wife, a wicked, ambitious woman. She, too, sees in this visit of Duncan the very opportunity they are waiting for, and she con spires with her husband to murder the king. In fact, in this hour of planning for the terrible deed, it Is Lady Macbeth who assumes the lead. She fears that her husband may bo too kind by nature to perform the actual killing, and she plans to do it herself. The king, arriving at tha castle, is given a warm welcome and Is greatly pleased with the quiet and peace of Macbeth'a home. He is, moreover, especially charmed by his hostess, Lady Macbeth, to whom he sends a valuable diamond as a gift. Duncan, however, is tired with his long Journey and goes early to bed. The chamber in which h) sleeps is guarded by two men of his retinue, but they have been given drugged wine by Lady Macbeth, so fall into a deep sleep and leave the king unprotected. In the middle of the night. Lady Macbeth enters the king's bedroom ready to strike him with her dag ger as he sleeps. At the last mo ment, however, she is unnerved by the striking resemblance which the king bears to her father. She tells her failure to her husband and that warrior, accustomed to the sight of blood, now becomes a man of action and kills the king. He seeks to give the impression that the. guards have done the crime by smearing their hands and clothes with blood and placing the dagger beside them. In the morning the murder is dis covered, and is believed by some to have been committed by the guard, to which opinion Macbeth pretends; and. in a (It of fcixned rage, he kills the two men. By others, the deed is laid to the king's son, who lend credence to their guilt by fleeing from the country. If anyone, wheth er Danquo and his son, Flcanre, with whom Macbeth had talked the pre vious night, or Macduff, the thane of Fife, a prominent member of the king's retinue, suspected Macbeth of the crime, the suspicion is not divulged at the time and Macbeth succeeds to the throne. In this man ner is the prophecy of the witches fulfilled concerning the first of the two generals. Mailwth and his wife, however, are not content. They cannot for get the prophecy of the wierd sis ters that Danquo's children should succeed them as rulers of Scotland. They chafe at the thought that they have committed so great a crime only to place the posterity of Danquo uM)ii the throne. As a result of this discontent, they determine to put to death both Danquo and his son, Fleance, and thus frustrate the ful fillment of the second part of the prophecy. To accomplish this pur pose, an elaborate feast is prepared for the nobles of the realm, to which Danquo and Fleance are invited. Ruffiana paid by Macbeth attack them as they journey to the feast and kill Danquo, but in the scuffle Fleance escapes. That night, as Macbeth enters the banquet-room, he seems to sen the ghost of Danquo sitting in the chair which he is about to occupy. This so unnerves him that his wife deems it advisa ble to dismiss the guests hurriedly. From this time on, both the king and queen are disturbed by terrib'e dreams and their minds are distract ed both by the thought of their crimes and by their realization that Fleance has escaped and the proph ecy is, therefore, still capable of fulllllment. Spurred on by this state of mind, Macbeth resolves once more to visit the witches. In pursuance of their baleful purpose, they contrive to goad Macbeth on to desperation and at the same time lull him into a false security by misleading oracles. He is told to beware of Macduff, the thane of Fife; but he is assured that no one born of woman shall harm him, and that he shall not be vanquished un til "great Dirnam wood to high Dunsanlne hill shall come against him." Assured by these statements that he is invincible, Macbeth now proceeds to persecute ruthlessly all who displease or seek to cross him. Macduff, who has gone to England to foment a rebellion against Mac beth, is the first victim. Murderous hirelings of Macbeth slaughter the innocent wire and little' children of Macduff, and the bloody crime is extended to include all who bear the least degree of kinship to the thane of Fife. These and similar deeds cause the nobility of Scotland Gema In Terec j WHIN BHB COMIt HOMB. c TT T HBN she somas W plaintive note Thai quivers from the rehea's throat WIU ring lass sad sake SJS7 heart, Be weary ef tbe ache an smart Of worklllneee, ana here and there Where now I And the face of care Tha sunshine will be seen, and, eh, Tbe many gladnemrs I'll knew . When she cornea bomel When she comes home the butterfly. Now drifting slowly, sadly by. Will riot through the shade and shine la quest of mystic cups of wine. ' And Tarrant winds from southern WUI bring rich Jewels la their In tribute, and the rosea will Their sweetest fra-rancee dtatlll. When she comes home. When she cornea bone when she ceases t shall have found a brighter Rome Than ever Caesar knew when ho Was monarch ef the land and sea. For In her sweet blue eyes I'll Snd Tha luhl of Inllia Hint daeurnad Tc lead me o'er the hills of night. And Und will smile and doubts take Bight When she comes borne. -at Louis I'oet-Dispatch. ALONC STERN feeas. car faces, faces ywaaC and old. Ocas faces, sweet faces, faces proud sad cold, races scored Indelibly by ail a world cf pain. races fair and soft aad freak aa risskess after rain. ' Faees all so debonair and faces sad tc Ood, that one of them mlht tura aad l glance and smile at mol LOW laughter, loud laughter, laughter free aa air, Laughter shrill and luneleee with aa a I dertowe of rare. Laughter aa full throated as a' thrush's mumlng suns'. Laughter clear and shallow, like a brook the reeds amons. Laughter aa triumphant aa a elartoa bo gle call Ood, and not for mo there comes one laugh ef them alii GOLD days, gray days, days of summer sky. Days when all of Ufa bioomas a pageaat passing by. Days 1 sit alons and watch tbe bust sttr street. Days 1 walk the parks alone aad sit alcae to eat. Days I wstrh the raindrops trickle down the damp stained wall Ood, that this might be my last drear tor ture day of alll -Ruth a Alexander. Peanut Milk. Tha synthetic milk front peaaata which Is mails In Europe la said t hare a taste nut overpleaaant, but to be usable In coffee and other drinks and to cost only half aa much aa cow's milk. Tha shelled peanata are) crushed and stirred with powdered starch Into distilled water, and tha mixture la boiled and Altered. Ia a couple of hours the liquid hag mack of tha appearance and food qualities of milk. It thickens on standing, bwt become liquid again when stirred. Tha average child ef six years osea fswer thsn 400 words la his dally con versation. to turn against Macbeth. Thus, when Malcolm and Macduff recruit an army to proceed against the King many flock to their standard. In the meantime. Lady Macbeth is no disturbed by contemplation of her misdeed that she cannot sleep and, finally, in desperation eommita suicide. Macbeth is, consequently, left practically alone to meet hia enemies, and be despairs of his own life, indicating his willingness to die. When Malcolm and Macduff ad vance against him, however, hia warlike spirit asserts iUelf once more, and he lteromes again a man of action and prepares to meet them. He is somewhat unnerved, however, when he sees the enemy advance, for Malcolm has instructed his men to cut the limbs of trees as they pass through Dirnam wood and to rarry them over their heads, to deceive the king as to the number of the army coming against him. Macbeth realizes that one of the props of his confidence is gone, in that, in a very real sense of tha word, "Dirnam wood is coming to IukIi Dunsanine hill." A skirmish takes place in which the army of Macbeth flifht only half, heartedly, by reason of their hatred for the tyrant. Macbeth, however, conducts himself with great valor, cutting down all who oppose him until he roaches that portion of the field in which Macduff is fighting. Ho remembers tho caution to be ware of the thane of Fife, but re calls also the assurance that no one born of woman shall have power to barm him. He flings this assur ance at Macduff, but feels tha last hold of his confidence give way when Macduff tells him that he (Macduff) was not horn in the usual manner but was taken prematurely from his mother. Thereupon, Macbeth tries to avoid a personal encounter, but Macduff taunts him until, in desperation, ha flings himself upon the latter. After a severe struggle, Macbeth is over come and it put to death by Macduff. Malcolm, son of Duncan, succeeds to the throne. The prophecy of tha witches is entirely fulfilled, how ever, for Fleance, son of Banquo, lives to be the father of a Una of Scottish kings which culminated In James VI of Scotland, who was also James I of England.