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BEREA PUBLISHING CO.
mCOPOftATU) MARSHALL L VAUGHN. Uto J. 0. UHMAR. ladN Uw mmi SuUrmd ml tkm ItaWda ml tm. ".. mm tmmmA mi mm mmU matter, mmder AM mf Mnrrh. 1179. Mutf JLVar 7mrmimm at Jtorm. Km Vol. XXII, Kentucky News Lexington, Feb. 13. Doctor Rich ard II. Crossfiold, president of Tran sylvania College, hat resigned that po altion to become Comptroller of the Federal Council of Christian churches in America. Lexington, Feb. 14. Delegate from thirteen Southern State began arriving in this city this morning for the twenty-second annual convention of the Association of Southern Agri cultural College which opens Tuesday morning at 10 o'clock and continues until Friday. The States to be represented at the convention include Virginia," North and Soath Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, Ten nessee, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas and Arkansas. Frankfort, Feb. 10. The State Game and Fish Commission is pre paring; to restock Kentucky with frame and Ash for the next season, and at the monthly meeting took steps for the distribution of fish and quail tMa summer. Lexington, Feb. 11. The comple tion of the Dixie Highway as a "per manent" highway, of course, will re quire several more years, but this year win at least see a "hard" sur faced road from and to end. The am bition of the founders of the Dixie Highway ta for a permanent construc tion from Sault St. Marie to Miami; and oatl that ambition is realized there will be no letup on the part of the ofleera of the Dixie Highway As sociation to accomplish that purpose. Harlan. Feb. 11. Three sacks ot mail were rut open at Curbln by rob ber. . " According to report, the payroll funda of the Wisconsin Steel Com party's pleat at Denham, this county, was sen red. The amount Is said to have been $.10,000. Representatives of tho plant hav made the statement that the bandits were a day late, alleging that the py money waa received the day previous. COST OF PUBLISHING NEWS PAPERS IS HIGHEST EVER; ADYANCB GOES ON Harriaburg, Pa. Feb. 10. Newspa per publishing costs are at their highest point to date and still are in creasing, T. R. Williams, of Pittsburg, President of the Newspaper Publish ers' Association, assorted at a meet ing of the Pennsylvania Associated Dailiea here Wednesday. Under such conditions there was no poas baity of decreasing advertis ing; ratea, Mr. Williams said, adding that rates were too low before the world war, and in recent years had not increased in proportion to pub lishing costs. He gave figures tend ing to show that publishers' cosU had increased almost 200 per cent in recant yean and that advertising rate bad advanced lesa than half that amount. Mr. Williams contended that while spot newsprint prices were soften ing, the contract prices of 6V4 centa a pound waa the highest in 25 year. "It ia certain,'' ho said, "that con tract newsprint price will remain permanently higher than before the war. Advertisers who know news print conditions are not asking for decrease of advertising rates, as they know that at present rates their ad vertising apace ia the lowest-priced commodity that they buy." Washington, Feb. 12. The House today accepted without comment the provision for reducing the enlisted strength of the navy from 143,000 to 100,000 men after July 1. In 10)16 the buresu of statistic of the department of sericulture deduced an average cost per ton mile of 22.T rents based upon repllee from In quiries sent to ahout 2.800 county correspondents. The average haul re ported was 04 nillea. Since at this time lesa than S per cent of the road In this country were Improved, these figures Indicate tl i average cost of hauling on unimproved roads. Foreign Lean Bar Sought Waahingtoa. Suit for an Injunction restraining Secretary David T. Hous ton, of the Treasury 1 Apartment, from Baking any further loans to foreign governmeols was tiled In the District Supreme Court by counsel for William Randolph. Hearst, who acted in h la ca pacity as a dtlseo. Justice IHU ta euod a rale oa Secretary Houston ta how causa February 21, why aa la Junction should pot be granted. The Citizen' I3e voted to ttie Interests of tlie 30-CLHta.in People Five Centa Tar Copy U. S. News Washington, Feb. 10. Congress and the Treasury Department have man aged to misunderstand each other on the question of canceling foreign debts and making further loans to European governments. Wsshington, Feb. 10 Restrictions on immigration, said by committee members to be more drastic than thoi proposed in the House or Johnson hill, are contained in art emergency measure approved and reported today by the Senate Immigration Commit tee. n.nl.la .J Vf.ulltl. ... , ..(.In I their "Cabinet seats" permanently. They arranged today to purchase the chairs which they have occupied each Tuesday in the Cabinet room at the White House. They plan to move them to their homes after March 4 as souvenirs of their service under President Wilson. Washington, Feb. 10. After de veloping some of the high spots in the eaaa of Grover Cleveland Berg doll, the House Military Committee decided today to ask Congress for authority to ftyid out how the rich Philadelphia draft dodger escape I from a military guard and made his way to Germany, the country he re fused to flght. New York, Feb. 11. Immigrants who have been exposed to typhus will be refused admission Into the United States, through this city and Hobo ken, N. J., until they have been thoroughly disinfected, under an agreement reached by the local health authorities of the two cities today. Dr. Royal S. Copeland, New York Health Commissioner, declared that the arrival of thousands of immi grant who have coma in contact with typhus patienta represented a peril to the health of the nation. Washington, Feb. 14. President elect Harding telegraphed congres sional leader today nrgtng that Con gress at this session pass the regular appropriation bills so that the special session of the new Congress to be called soon after March 4 would be free to deal with other important matters to come before it. Washington, Feb. 14. Federal Judge Kenesaw Mountain Land is, of Chicago, was impeached in the House of Representative today by Repre sentative Welty, Democrat, Ohio, who charged him with "high crimes and misdemeanors" in connection with his acceptance of the position of supreme arbiter of baseball at a salary of $42, 600 a year. Spokane, Wash., Feb. 13. Reduc tions of from 2 to $5 per IflOO feet on common grades of lumber, effec tive tomorrow, are announced by the Weyerhaeuser Sales Company, which controls tho tales of a number of mills on the Pacific Coast. The re duction is "to meet the general mar ket conditions," it was said. Washington, Feb. 11. The influ ence of President-elect ITarding and Elihu Root, both of whom advised Re publican leaders in Congress it would be unwise to commit America for the present to a reduction of naval arma ment, finally has prevailed. The Sen ate Committee on Naval Affairs has recommended that construction on ships already authorized be continu ed until an international disarmament agreement makes it safe to do other wise. New York, Feb. 12. Wholesale pricea for fruits and vegetables are so low in the New York market that many farmers who shipped produce here received nothing in return but a bill for tha balance due on freight charges, Dr. Eugene H. Porter, State Commissioner of Foods and Market, declared in a statement here today. Even with prices at pre-war level "people seem to be eating less than usual," he added. Oconee, Ga., Feb. 10. A tornado that struck tha Gardner settlement, one mile from her shortly after noon today, brought death to two white person and nearly thirty negroes and erious injury to five white persona and more than a score of negroes. A stretch of land extending almost to Toomsboro, nearly five milea long and about half mile wide ia aa bar ren as a prairie tonight, not a build ing or tree being left standing. BEREA, MADISON COUNTY. KENTUCKY, FEBRUARY 17, Historic Mount Vernon r'OTlsfei REMARKABLE AERIAL VIEW OP MOUNT VERNON. Thls.pirturasque vlaw ef Oaorsa Washington's beautiful horn on the Potomae waa taiian at a low altitude and slvaa almost a parfact representation of bis old house and the outlying buildings and around. ' The home of Oeorge Washington Is a tranquil place; It belongs to a frame of mind almost vanished. But whan the pilgrimage through the house Is com pleted snd the 'eyes have begun to peer -in vain for figures which ere no more, hut whose presence seems so vividly suggested, one step out to meet spring sunshine, and the foliage that Is, Indeed, In keeping with the spirit of the psst, observes a writer In the Detroit News. The venerable bam, wrapped In Ivy; the peaceful farm yards ; the lsiy low hung buildings all of there echo with steps thst vanish Just ahead, around each twist of wall. But the Intimate work of Washing ton's heart Is In the surrounding grounds. The noble view from tha portico, with Its matchless sweep of river snd shore. Is the dazzling frame for It It begins this work with the stately circle of the bowling green and ends down below the rolling deer run, where the willows, weep over Into the Potomac. It Is Wordsworth's "brotherhood of venerable trees." As Washington planted and planned so, due to a rev erent posterity, are the gardens and lawns today. In simplicity and fra grance the first of shrines; in repose ful Influence the tonic of a nation. There are todny 200 Important trees standing near the mansion, many of them planted during Washington' life time; others were added, but also In variably In sympathy with his original plans for the estate, so fsr as these were known. Washington himself searched far and wide for the trees he wsnted; he wrote his friends In va rious parts of America and abroad. Thus If wss thst the estate la a spot beloved of forester and horticulturist, and the lesa sophisticated visitor gazes up Into the spreading trees, lets the eye linger ou green sward snd shelv ing shores, snd gives over his spiritual burdens to the bosom of the Poteruac. Washington's d'ary Infma us he was active In Jiinuafy of 1785, locat ing elm trees for the grounds. The majestic American elm on the west lawn probably was one of the trees ob tained at that time. He was fond of the American elm, and there are at least ten of these trees near the man sion, some of them, however, of the later planting. Of the original elms, two flunk the walls, fringing the bowl ing green, on the east side. They are picturesquely placed between the of fice and the gardener house, although this pair may be more recent. A fine elm stands on the east lawn. The bowling green, between the two gardens. Is an attractive study. At once attention Is attracted to the twin beech trees planted by Washington In the corner of the narrow end near the mansion. Their height Is accentu ated by their tall, straight trunks, and they form Impressive focusing col umns for the opening sweep of lawn stretching between the two gardens. On the west side the next tree Is an ash, plsnted by Washington, and acrosa from them two coffee bean trees, the three forming an Impressive group. Of four notable honey locusts, on standing between the kitchen garden and the serpentine walk la credited to Washington. This la a fast-growing and short-lived tree, and other prob ably disappeared. Ha tnakea note In bis diary that on March 23, 1780, ha planted "between 17,000 and 18,000 aeeda of the honey locust" Tha seven buckeyea have a special Interest, for, Instead of tha normal yellow flower, these have red, pink and flesh-colored flower, color not foand anywhere else. Moreover, the record show Washington gathered the aeeds from which J tree were grown near tha mouth of "beet river, In what la now West Virginia. Washington' diary alao meutlon planting four horse chestnuts, but It Is considered doubtful If either of the three big frees there now were among them. mmmmtW vu.l.M Us! The three pecan trees, all on the front lawns, are trees of history. They were- given to Washington by Jeffer son, who in 1784 first published a tech nical description of this tree, and ap parently waa the first distributor of living plants brought from the Mis sissippi valley. They are the oldest of the trees planted by Washington. Two curiosities may be noted. One la a cedar of Lebanon, near the sum mer house, believed to have been plant ed In 1874. It Is the only exotic tree on the grounds. The other Is a soli tary (and symbolic) cherry tree on the esst lawn. Apparently It sprang from a seed from one of Washington's gar den cherry trees, dropped by a bird. Many trees mentioned by Washing ton as being planted by him are-no longer to be. found there; but of what he did plant a small forest remains, a remarkable tribute to the painstaking character of his attention to the es tate. It Is Interesting, and not with out a touch of sublimity, to behold these splendid trees set forth by his own band, now casting shadows over the lawns he trod, their life spanning the history of the nation. The bowling green and Its circle of trees bespeak Intimacy. The east and west lawns are Inspirational. The very shapes of the trees and their varied shades form ever new vistas. In which tranquillity Is the keynote. Scarcely In the world Is there a shrine to equal this; scarcely could there be a finer, a more enduring mon ument, than these symbols of eternity, these ever living trees, preaching their everlasting lesson of birth, fruition, decsy and rebirth. It Is all so sim ple; so artlessly perfect Not an orna ment la there, not an obelisk, not a pile of bronze. Velvet lawns, quiet shrubs, low hanging trees, perfumed gardens and the gentla hum of the summer air reposeful, purifying and unwinding Itself between the twin ranges of bills, the Potomac and the everlasting enig ma of the waters. It la what It Is ; the home of a gen tleman who loved not only the world, but the earth : Id It he planted hi In heritance. We share It WASHINGTON MONUMENT IN A MOST EFFECTIVE SETTING. 0 Aa unusual and strikingly artlaUo via ot tha Waalilnstoa nonumant aa aaaa through Ilia gracaful ooiumna at one of tlia tapltoi'a architectural awalarpiaoaa. Tlia brilliant llfhtlns of tha lop af ta jhafl Is cauaad by tha rays ef ta lata aftarnooa sua ehlsOng aa 11 threaah a rift ia lb tiewe. rraas Ike Mew York TtUmum. 192IOne Dollar and Fifty Centa Per Year CONSUMERS ROBBED "RIGHT AIID LEFT" OPERATORS ROBBED USERS OP COAL, SAYS POMERENE IN LETTER TO BANK. Senator Handles Profiteering Opera tor Without Gloves Say Dealsra and Miner Should Unite on Legis lation Fair to All. Western Nrwspsper Union News Service. Washlntrton. That domestic con sumer of coal have been robbed "right and left" la asserted by Senator Atlee Pomerene In a letter he has written to the Cltlr.ens National Bank of Cincinnati. The Senator In this letter handles the profiteering opera tors without gloves. The bank had written to him to protest against the Ciilder bill for regulation of the coal Industry as a "step In tha wrong di rection." Tha batik'a message also said: "While It applies only to coal, the principle Involved could be easily ex tended to other staple commodities. It la a result of the war spirit and. If enacted, would go far to make a per manent tendency to regulate every business." Senstor Pomerene In hla reply say: "Let this fact be understood; during tiie last four year the public, and particularly domestic consumers, have been simply robbed right and left. Of course, not al coal operator are to blame, but some coal operators are to blame. It waa the result no doubt, of the cupidity which seem to accom pany all conditions. The opportunity waa presented partly by lack of trans portation; partly by operators break ing their contract and refusing. to sell under contract rates In order that they might have more spot coal ; part ly by the creation of a feeling that there was an undue acarclty of coal, and partly due to the fact that a lot of men rushed Into coal business tem porarily, making a fortune In a short while. "The public has Judged operator like lawyers are Judged by the worst in tha profession. These conditions probably will not present themselvea again, but they may, and my Judgment la that If the level-headed operators and miners will Join In the promotion of some legislation which will be Just to operators and miners, It will serve a good purpose. What form this leg islation should take, I am not prepared to aay now, but It seems to me that if thia course were adopted It would do more good and lesa harm than will come by opposition to all legislation upon the subject" Three Men Are Injured. Chicago. Threo men were Injured, one losing both legs, when a bomb waa exploded at the Nineteenth Ward Dem ocratic Club meeting. The bomb bad been suspended from tha celling so as to explode directly over the chair usu ally occupied by Anthony D' Andrea, Chairman of the club. Ho waa else where In tha hall when tha blast took place. Tha 500 men who were present wera thrown into a panic. Tha three Injured men were precinct Captalua. Coal Sonoma Charged. Washington. Appearing before the Senate Committee considering the coal regulation bill, Representative George M. Huddlewton. Alabama, read what purported to be a transcript of the proceedings at a meeting of the Direc tors of the National Coal Association, conducted In June, 1919, at which mo tions were said to have been made to appropriate money for publicity to In duce consumers to buy coal while the operator "stood par on price. Woman Slayer Killed Trying ta Escape Toledo, O. While attempting to es cape from the county Jail Mrs. Myrtle Heinsley,' convicted of tha murder sev eral months ago of Leo Cousino, fell from tha roof of tha building and was Injured so seriously that her death occurred a few hours later In a boa I pital. Mrs. Uemsley was sentenced to life Imprisonment December 18. I Commitment to the prison has been de ! layed pending a motion for retrial on I the ground of error Twenty-Five Hurt Near Brazil. Ind. nrezIL Ind. Twenty-five penons were injured, severul seriously, when ' two lnterurbun ears carrying a funeral I party from Terr Haute, collided ou a aiding near hare. Well-Oreaasd Ba.idlts Invade Store. New York. Two well-dreaaed men, carrying canes, held up and robbed 4 cigar store at ltmadway and Fifty sevnth streets, near the theatrical dis trict of SSUT UO. Jacob Mull, the clerk, waa beaten Into uncouscloua- Drug Sellera Convicted. Coblens. Seven persous have bees convicted of baviug sold drugs to the American troops. They have been sen tenced to one year Imprisonment each by the American Military Court. Our Threefold Aim: To give the News of Berea and Vicinity; To Record the Happening of Berea College; To be of Intereit to all the Mountain People. No. 34 WorUNews Austria persists in her desire to Join with Germany and. In spite of the treaty with the Allies against it, she proposes to carry through a ref erendum of the people. It is prob ably that she intends to use such a vot aa an argument to induce the Allies to relieve her of the limitation. It must be admitted that Austria haa been reduced tt a condition that dif fer greatly from her past and doA not hold out much promise for a na tion of resources or influence in the future. Sometime such a union mar be granted, as there are many rea sons for it, but it can hardly coma for many years. The agitation for home rule in Ire land seems to have aroused in the people of Scotland and , Wales a de sire for the same. There haa al ways been a small party in these twj parts of Great Britain which advo cated this. It has never been a mat ter of anxiety to England, however. Tha common Interests of a United Britain have outweighed any other consideration. England ha trouble enough with the perplexing problem of Ireland to Justify the hope that her difficulties may not be increased by any substantial movement in Scot land or Wales. There is no especial reeason to think that any serious trouble will take place. Switzerland is so Jealous of her neutral rights that she haa refused to allow the army raised by tha League of Nationa to crdss her territory. The purpose of thjs force is to preserve order and see that a fair vote is taken when the question comes to a vote regarding Vilna and its 'future Kelation to Poland' or Russia. Swiss neutrality is as essential to the ex istence of Switerzland as it waa to Belgium. She has enjoyed thia right ince the downfall of Napoleon by the Congress of Vienna in 1815.' In the recent war Germany did not venture to violate it. Austria ' would have found a way to Italy thru Swiss ter ritory but dared not take it . Neu trality is a safeguard. Two of the great newspapers of London, the Pall Mall Gazette and the Globe, have announced a merger un der one name. It is believed that the high cost of paper and other materi als necessary to the production of the best newspaper have forced these Journals to this action. It is gen erally recognized that the newspapers of England- are of high quality. They employ high grade writers and reporters who can write with good style and can interpret skillfully the events of the day. There ia less of the sensational element than is to be found in American papera generally. The English Journals have a wide circulation outside of England as well aa inside, and they wield a great in fluence. It ha been generally believed that the Japanese Diet, or representative body of the people, would not support the plan of the ministry for a large increase in the navy. A recent vote, however, shows that the naval policy ia supported. Thia ia not fully indi cative of the will of the people at large, aa the militaristic party con trols the Diet. There is considera ble unrest among the nations in re- gard to Japan'a future action, and no one sees this distrust more than Ja pan herself. Some of her leaders are anxious about it and wish to create a more favorable impression. It is unquestionably true that Japan ia be coming disliked. The foreign minister of Germany, Simons, threatens to resign hla office because of the demands made by th Allies as reparation. He ha proved himself an able man, perhapa the moat able man in a govermental po sition since tha war. He has stated the German side with strength and ability, but refusea to agree to the large indemnity demanded fifty-five billiona of dollars. In a recent meet ing with the prime ministers of the other leading states of Germany, bis position wa endorsed, and it ia cer tain that a strong effort will be made to avoidpayment of so large indem nity. In a meeting to be held in Lon don, aoon the way is open . for counter proposal from Germany, and it is believed this will be made. King Peter of Servia baa just re turned from Greece to hla native' country. He haa been away since the Austrian drove him out ia 1914, ex cept for t abort period of time when