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The citizen. [volume] (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, March 03, 1921, Image 1

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The Citizen
T)-rcytc to th.e Interests of tlie JouLntciln Feo3te
BERE PUBLISHING CO.
(INCORPORATED)
MARSHALL E. VAUGHN, Uttar
Our Threefold Aim: To glv
th Newt of Berea and Vicinity;
To Record the Happenings of
Berea College; To b of Interest
to all the Mountain People.
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Vol. XXII.
Five Cents Par Copy
berea, Madison county, Kentucky, march 3, 1921
One Dollar and Fifty Centa Per Year
No. 36
U. S. News
Chicago, Feb. 27. At leant thirty
persona were killed and scorea injured
In th wreck of two passenger traini
at Porter, Ind., at 6:20 o'clock to
night
Washington, Feb. 27. One naval
enlisted man ia dead, 13 are miaalng
and two are injured an the result of
a collision yesterday between the
American destroyer Woolsey and th
American steamer Steel Inventor olT
the Pacific coast of Panama.
Washington, Feb. 2(1. The army
appropriation bill, carrying 8Jfi2,000,
000 and providing for an army of an
average strength of 175,000 men in
atead of 150,000 voted by tha House
for the next fiscal year, was passed
tonight by the Senate and sent to
conference.
Washington, Feb. 23 The United
Statea Government demands freedom
of cable communication across the
Pacific to the Far Fast and insists
that the important way station on the
amall island of Yap shall not be
given to Japan by the league of Nations.
Indianapolis, Ind., Feb. 25. An in
dictment containing conspiracy to
violate the Sherman anti-trust act.
was returned by the federal grand
Jury today against 223 coal operators,
coal operators' associations, coal
mining companies and coal miners.
Washington, Feb. 2. The confer
ence report on the immigration bill
waa adopted today by the House and
Senate and the measure sent to the
President. It would limit immigra
tion for fifteen months from next
April I to 3 per cent of the nationals
of the various countries who were in
the United States at the time of the
1910 census.
Armed Guards Driving Back Starving Hordes
M
ILLION3 f victims of the
world's worst calamity rove
the northern Provinces of
China, famine stricken. They began
to leava the drought-stricken area only
after even the leave and bark of trees
bad been consumed aa food.
Tbey trekked toward the richer dis
tricts. The railroads carried the suf
ferers free.
The human Inundation, however,
threatened to cause famine in addi
tional districts and armed cordons b
gan ta turn back the hungry horde to
ward their old homes where they must
perish by thousand dally unless aided.
There are 45,01)0,000 persona In the
-Oomihl 14. I'oilerwood A Uodarwona.
famine cone, the greater number of
whom have neither adequate clothing
nor fuel, while l.l.OUO.OUO of them have
no food at all.
Tbe death rat already is 15.000 a
day, with a typhus epidemic inevitable.
Joseph It u rue, 0 Board of Trade
building, Louisville, is Treasurer, and
the Hev. Ir. K. Y. Mulllns Is chairman
of the China Famine Fund.
Washington, Feb. 2". The Senate
Finance Committee failed to reach an
agreement today on the soldiers' bo
nus bill, but RepuMiran leaders pre
dieted that the House bill, shorn of
taxation provisions, would be report
ed tomorrow to the Senate. Doul.l
was expressed, however, that the leg.
islation could be passed before ad
journtnent of Congrex next week.
Washington, Feb. 25. A new plan
for enforcement of prohibition is be
ing discussed among Republican
loaders as a prospective policy of the
narding administration. It contem
platea abolishing the present dual en
forcement machinery of the treasury
and justice departments and central
ization full responsibility and author
ity under the attorney general.
Paris. March 2. The League of
Nationa ia not concerned with the al
location of the former Herman ps
Kentucky News
Frankfort, Ky., Feb. 28. John F.
Smith, Berea, has been appointed on
the Children'a Codo Commission by
Governor Morrow to succeed Attilla
Cox, Louisville, resigned.
Richmond, Feb. 24. Potash, or
whatever the poison is that moon
shiners are said to be using in mak
ing white liquor, did ita work in
Paint Lick Tuesday, and caused the
death of Walter Aibill, a well-known
young blacksmith of that place, just
over the Madison-Garrard line, if a
story his brother, Albert Azbill, of
Richmond, told the Madison county
grand jury Wednesday, is true.
HARDING PLEDGES GOOD
SERVICE
Declares He Faces Duties Confidently,
In Relief That Nation's Des
tinies Are Safe Under
Guidance of Almighty.
Marion, O., March 2 A pledge of
Godfearing, right-minded service
was taken by President-elect Harding
today in a farewell speech to his
neighbors and friends in Marion.
Speaking from the famous front
porch to a gathering of several thou
sand who had come to tender him and
Mrs. Harding a parting testimonial,
he declared he faced his duties confi
dently, in the belief 'hat the destinies
of tha republic were safe under the
guidance of the Almighty and the
vigilance of a hundred million patriots.
Washington, Feb. 24. About 2,000 1 am lng .mv work w,th co,!-
imence mac an is wen; - ne said in a
acres of land occupied by Camp Tay
lor, ..ear Louisville, Ky., will be sub
divided and aold before June 30 in
parcels with the improvements in
cluded, the Wsr Department an
nounced today. The land originally
cost the government more than II.-
Sessions in the VariAr- M, k lnt...l.,- 1 i . ., .
. . : '".oou ana me improvements nearly
he JPnee mandate group to which $8,000,000. Heretofore the improve
the island of Yap belongs, the Amer-I ments on army camp land to be sold
lean government Is Informed In th( have been treated as salvage and not
reply of the council of the league to part of the real estate.
" m mue or me. mandate
In question.
Washington, March 2. Champ
Clark died here today at 2:10 p. m.
In his seventy-first year and within
two days of his retirement from the
House of Representatives after a
service of twenty-six years
-UNCLE JIMMY" BAKER
0n Friday morning, February 11,
1921, about half an hour after he
had called his daughter. Miss Kate,
James A. Baker quietly ceased to
breathe, passing away without a
struggle. With very little variation
he .had been in usual health, and tho
almost blind and deaf had helped as
LATIN REPUBLICS
BEGIN FIGHTING
Hostilities Between Panama anr
Costa Rica Have
Begun.
NO DECLARATION OF WAR
President Perraa Mobiliisa Forces
Over 2,000 Men Volunteer in th
Capital Panama to Sattl Row
Without V. 8. Intervention.
Panama, Feb. 28. Hostilities bav
begun between Panama and Costa
ttlcan forces In the vicinity of Coto,
on the Pacific end of the frontier be
tween the two countries. It is said In
unofficial advices received here. Official
confirmation of these reports, however,
la lacking. Formal declaration of war
had not been made up until last night.
More than 2,000 men enrolled for
military service here and reports from
other parts of the republic told of
citizens volunteering'' for the army.
Two hundred men left this city for
the Costa Itlcan frontier, and It ia be
lieved the Panaman forcea near Cota or
en route to that place number about
500. These consist of national police
and volunteers from Panama City and
Chlriqul province. The base of Pana
man operatlona will be In the small
town of Progreso, near Golfo de Dulce,
which Is connected by a narrow-gauge
railway with a amall port constructed
by the Panama Sugar company. The
town of Progreso ta also the property
of the same corporation.
Prograaa War Bas.
Progreso Is the focus of trails which
lead to David, the capital of the prov
ince of Chlriqul. which la about thirty
two miles distant from Coto.
The Panama Canal Zone administra
tion and tbe United Statea legation
here had not received instructions
from Washington last night. A con
ference waa to be held between Presi
dent Porras, William Jennings Price,
United States minister, and Col. Jay
J. Morrow, acting canal governor, but
It waa postponed.
Aside from the enthusiasm incident
to the volunteering of men foe milt
usual with the work about the place tary .. cef ,nteregt ,n dty
; centered around the question of arms.
Responding to his call, he waa found
sitting on the edge of the bed. He lit was generally believed the United
could speak with difficulty, and said, j States government held several thou
"I am almost gone." He died on the i "nd rifles for the Panuimin govern-
farm at Wallaceton, where he had ' I"ent ml ' fupposed the volun
World News
It has been a question for some
time whether the- English Prim
Minister, Lloyd-George, would con
tinue to receive the support of th
people of England. He has been bit
terly attacked from many quarters.
Th former Prime Minister, Asquith,
arraigned(him for his Irish policy; hj
has been criticised for his attitude to
ward Russia, Germany and France; la
bor forces have complained at his rul
ings. In spite of all this opposition
the recent election for members of
the House of Commons show 'hat
the members favorable to me Pre
mier were elected by a large major
ity. 181 to 40. Among all the war
statesmen he has held his position
tha longest.
The ex-empress of Germany is re
ported to be failing rapidly and her
death is expected at any time. In
fact, preparations are already being;
made for her funeral. It waa her
desire to return, to her country for
death and burial, but it was not al
lowed. Augusta Victoria has always
been regarded as a fine character.
She la believed to have been against
the recent war, and the reault was a
great blow to her. She has been
loyal to (he Kaiser and her family.
The breach In good relations between
England and Germany was especial
ly hard on account of her relation
ship to the ruling house of England.
An oil contract between Costa
Rica in Central America and Eng
land has given rise to soma mnx-
iety. The former country has re
fused to fulfil its contract and Eng
lish warships have been cruising oflf
tho coast The United States is In
terested In the matter, because In
case of any act of compulsion on th
part of England, the Monroe Doe-
trine would come Into nlsv. No
European country can Invade, any
Latin-American territory or occupy
any land in such countries. The rea
son for breaking the contract has not
yet been made public.
voice that trembled with emotion. "I
believe in the security of thia Ameri
can republic. I believe a hundred
million Americans will be back of a
right-minded executive and I promise
you that I mean to serve in good
conscience to the best of my ability.
"I have neither enmity nor jeal
ousy in my heart, and I know that
in this I am like the great citixen
ship of America. I want to go to
Washington with your prayers. Tho
I may not always be the ideal, I want
you to know there ia in my heart a
Middlesboro, Feb. 27 Optimism is
becoming general in tha eoal A1U nf
Eastern Kentucky, coal operatora and ' fith ln Alminty Cod- I w"t Him
brokers believing an actual demand . to. know our P". ,or trusting in
for coal ia in aight, and that numer
ous new mines will open in the im
mediate future. Recent announce
ments of developments of new com'
Death waa due to an attack of PaniM nJ further extensions of old
pleurisy and a complication of dts
eaaea incident to' his advanced age.
Up to ten days ago, however, when
he developed a severe cold, lvfe.
Clark had shared actively In proceed
Inga of th House as Democratic
leader.
Marlon, O., March 2 President
elect Hardlng'a neighbors In Marlon
and nearby towns bade him Godspeed
In th task of th Presidency today
In a formal farewell speech that
brought to the famous front porch
on of Its largest gatherings. Mar
lon schools and business houses closed
their doors for two hours to observe
th occasion and as th final front
porch meeting began, church bells
and factory whistles mingled their
voices In a sonorous message of good
win.
As part of th farewell ceremony
th city presented to th President
elect and his wife a silver plaque
which bor th Inscription "God's
blessing to you." His appearanc at
th front porch masting was Mr.
Harding's only engagement for the
day and h spent th remainder of
his tlm finally closing th affairs of
his campaign headquarters and pack
Ing up tor his long abaanc.
companies point to a good year for
operator and broker. It la believed
certain a large amount of capital
will be invested in the Eastern Ken
tucky field during the year,
Washington, Feb. 2(5 While fed
eral appointments for Kentucky un
der the new administration have not
yet been agreed on, there stems to
be substantial reason for th belief
that Sawyer Smith, of Barbourville,
will be finally selected for th posi
tion of United States Marshal for
th Eastern district He is under
stood to hav th endorsement of
Governor Edwin P. Morrow and of
Congressman Roblaon, whoa fellow
townsman he is.
Latter Printing Machine
A new form letter prtutiog tnachln
cuts paper fed from rolls Into th
proper sis, uaes three colors of Ink
when desired and automatically
changes th name an addressee for
acu letter produced.
Plat Dwellers, Take Notice I
An eminent professor recently said
that It waa posalbl to lengthen one's
life and Improve th general health
merely by tiptoeing for a fw mloutat
tvary day.
Him we need not have concern for
the future of the republic.
"I thank you again and again for
thia token of your friendship, and I
want you to know that I have no
greater desire than to come back at
the erfti of a term of service and re
ceive a welcome that has the savor
of this manifestation today."
UTAH "THE PROMISED LAND."
FIRST settled ln the summer of 1847
by Brlgham Young and bla little
band of Mormons, numbering lesa than
!! souls. Utab la fast coming Into Its
wn. Utah la 7.01)0,000 acres larger
than all of the New England atatea
combined, and there isn't much, if.
luueeu. there la anything within rea
son that tha Imagination of man can
conceive or hla heart wish for that the
atate does nut yield or cannot offer.
Tla aald that Utah contains enough
Iron ore to rebuild most of the steel
structures In tbe country; sufficient
black warble to build a column from
the earth to the tuooa; salt enough to
supply th world for 60 years; th
greatest copper uilo In all th world ;
enough coal to supply hex population
for 00,000 years ; clay and aand enough
to make the world'a aupply of brick fur
many years; 4,000,000,000 feet of lum
ber and sandstone and granite in
quantltiea equal to th rebuilding of
the majority of th buildings la th
United State.
Gold, sliver, copier, 'lead and sine
to the value of :7.UM),000 were mined
la Utah during one recent year. Good
ly quantltiea of agricultural products
ami Xruit are a) producvA
lived since the day of Lincoln's sec
ond" election for the Presidency. He
was almost 84 years of age, having
been bom March 2C, 1837.
For many years ha was best known
as "Squire Baker" because of twenty
yeara continuous service as justice
of the peace of Garrard county.
Many a difficulty did he succeed n
having; settled without going Co
court
H was a life-long friend of John
G. Fee, and attended every Berea
College Commencement but two, be
ing present last June. Each year
for twenty years one or more of his
children was in school at Berea, five
of them becoming alumni of the Col
lege.
"Uncle Jimmy" waa the last of
his parents' family, and the last
charter member of the Wallace
Chapel Methodist church. He was a
supporter of every good work for
the community, and had a deep in
terest in state and national matters.
He waa almost a common counsellor
in his community.
He leaves three sons and two
daughters, seventeen grandchildren
and aix great-grandchildren living.
His wife, two aona and four grand'
children preceded him to death.
Rev. Carl Vogel, pastor of the
Methodist church at Rare, conduct.
Chapel on Sunday afternoon, and
"Unci Jimmy" went to hia Father's
house.
Rockfllr Gives Funds to Collgs.
Kansas City. Mo., Feb. U'S. Accord
ing to word received here two MUaouil
collegea have received funds from the
(i neral ediicntliHi board of the Rocke
feller foundation. Willluiu Jewell col
lege of Liberty, Mo., bas received $00,
UN) and a grant of 110,000 a year.
Park rulleg of Arkvllla, lio gala
llfUMss).
An early beginning In preparing
th land and planting gardeua la of
much Importance. Regardless of the
seasons. It la well to get sa early
start. That "planting over" may
sometime b necesaary cannot be de
nied. But little Is lost when garden
land must b planted over, for tba la
bor necessary to prepare th land Is
alwaya well-atnployed. Much Is lost
If early maturing vegetables ar plant
ed to lat. Oat your garden land
ready and pleat oa lima.
teers would be armed with them. It
wus learned at the U,nlted States lega
tion, however. Hint some rifles taken
over from the Pannman government
following the algnlng of the Hay-Va-rllla
treaty were returned, aud more
than 1,500 of the guns were sold at
public auction here In 1014. A large
number were shipped to tbe Panaman
consul In New York for disposal In
1916.
Porras Mobilize Forces.
While the President haa been pro
ceeding under hla constitutional pow
ers In mobilizing the Panaman forces,
the authority to declare war rests with
the national assembly, which baa not
aa yet acted. A general exodua of
Costa Rlcana from Panama la taking
place, while many Pnnaniana who are
In Co8ta Itlca are trying to reach Pan
ama. ,
An Interesting phase of the situa
tion results from Costa Rica occupy
ing territory under the arbitration de
rision of Chief Justice White of the
United States Supreme court, which
was hnnded down In 1014, while the
United Stutes, herself, has, by virtue
of trestles, guaranteed tbe territorial
Integrity nf this country.
The Panaman government claims,
however, tliut Justice White's decision
contained a clause to the effect that,
if his award should not be accepted by
both parties, the territorial atatua
would reven io tne condition laid
down by the decision rendered by
President I.nubet of France. It la un
der the Louliet decision that Panama
claim the land which Costa Rica bas
seized.
Spurn Outalde Hlp.
While It was stated ln official circle
here that I'anunia waa much disturbed
over the arm situation, the govern
ment had determined to settle with
Costa Itlca without Intervention by
the Uulted Statea, and would purchase
Kiiffleieiit anna from private munitions
concerns. If Hiey were not available
elsewhere.
It la know the Sinclair Oil Interests
huve been conducting drilling vibra
tion In the aaine general locality
where concessions have been granted
a British corporation by the Coata
Itlcan government.
Recent elections In Germany show
that the majority Socialist party is
to remain in power and that its
strength has been increased. Thia
insures a moderate nolicv aa thk
party is not so radical and does not
indorse the Bolshevist ideas. Th
only party which shows much power
to oppose it is the clerical party,
which is more conservative. This
party has grown stronger in all th
European countries since tho- war and
reflects the revival of the Church in
fluence. It la generally known that
the Catholic hold has become stronger
and even France la seeking a renew
al of relations with tho Pope.
A good deal of feeling is being;
aroused over the' matter of telegraph
concessions in China- This is partly
due to the disposal of Germany's
rabies which were broken during th
war. It ia also due to the right of
establishing wireless stations to con
nect with the interior of China, wher
no other meana of quick communica
tions exist. In arrangements so far
made, the United States has felt
somewhat excluded and has no inten
tion of giving up her rights In
China. This is something that means
much to our country as well as to
China.
By a recent act the people of Can
ada are to have the right to a choice
In their Governor-General. Thia ia
not a free choice, as might at first
appear, but they may aelect from
three men nominated by the Crown of
England. The Governor-General in
Canada corresponds to the King of
England and has very little power.
Th Canadian government, like th
English, makea th cabinet th ex
ecutive and th Prim Minister th
real aourc of power.
BONUS BILL IS REPORTED
SoldJara Measure 8nt ta 8nat With
Tax Prevision eliminated Caah
Would Be Payable Jan 1, 1921
Washington, Feb. 28. With tbe tax
provtaloua eliminated, th eoldlara' bo
nus bill waa reported to th senate by
th finance roiunjlt'ee. Tbe cash bo
nus would h payuhia January L IKX
Although the United States refuses
to accept a mandatory over any part
of th partially civilized portions of
th world, as provided by th League
of Nations,' yet she has notified th
secretary of the League of Nations
that she expects to share equal rights
in such msndatories as any of th
Allies assume. By that it is requir
ed that no special trad privileges
must b given to the nation holding
th mandate. Not only doea such a
policy seem fair to th United States,
but It will be boat for th country un
der th mandate also, since th re
sources of such sections will b
mora quickly developed.
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