Newspaper Page Text
March 17, 1921
TOE CITIZEN Par Three fife Figuring in.. Evtnts tnrtft, mm0, D.j l I TRIESTE i A PLUM OF THE ADRIATIC DISPUTE Trieste I mi of the major Adriatic plum In tlixj'r between Itiiljr and the newly foriiM-tl Jugoslav state, the kingdom of the Kerb, front and Hlnvenog. Though Trlcs'e wa Austrlun, ex cept fr brief Interval from Hi fourteenth century until lhi World war dissipated Hie Austrian empire, the city ha IihiI a marked effect umhi Italian history. Ita chief Importance to Austria m commercial, for It was the dual rtii.narcliy'a only great sea port. Tired of a double allegiance to Vcmre and to Aiul)'li'la. Trieste re quested Hint she lt annexed to Ana trla In l.'isj. l.euold t tia pious ml on the Austrian tnYnne. lie was a rival to Kirn James of Kngluiid In being "tlii wisest fool In all Christen dom." Though hi expanded hi ter ritory elsewhere, the only acquisition of con-s'Huencc ss flint of Trieste, won through no effort on his part. Thus Auatrla gained what mi des tined to become nut only a seaport of Important-, hut aim a channel for ex erting frequent Influence upon the af fair of liallnn town and their ruler. The city l sttnsiisl on tin Hulf of Trieste, IW7 mile southwest of Vienna ty rail. It lira on the Mrs ward slope of the Kami, or Cur), a atrip of lime ton hill extending Inland from ti miles, furrowed with ravine and pierced by cavern. Into which many amsll nl renins (lloHpiM-nr. Not far from Trieste, at Itrtsclkl. la the lirottn tStgiinta. a stalactite cave, where toiirl-e thnuig to the tlrcnt iNmif." spreading over a snb terraiieasi cavity nearly a long a the V tilted State rapltol and a hundred feet htclor thun the cnpltol dome. Irplte It Inclusion In Austrian ter ritory. Trieste' popnliitlon ii ti 1 archi tecture are Italian It WB the Ter gestc of Itonmn history, and, today the walla and pillar of a Itomiin temple may he en etns-"d In the cathedral of Sin (Jlusto. n highly rompolle atnnHire lioh also hns hulll Into It three ailjment i.triietnr-s of the sit tecnth r-iitnry- a Chrlstlnn lmit!ra. haiitlstery bihI a liHiillne rhnrrli. TH.-e of Trlestea eurly history were to he found hefor the war In the Mnsfo l.npldnrle. whhh conliilna liany Komnn antlipiltlea from the vi cinity. SAN SALVADOR: DEFIER ' OF EARTHQUAKES I fan Salvador, atene of rvnt earth- i quake ahorks, la the capital of the ainallest an I most populous of Central Amerliau repuldli-a The city la no atratiger to the twin terrora of earth quake and volinno. Within ten second an earthquake all lint destroyed It In another laid It low In 17.1. and that of 1107. when nillllona of dollar' worth of priqierty waa deafrmed. Is atlll remeuihered. In xplta of these fateful hlowa from nature, and de a-ftatlng waves of man made revolutions, San Salvador today la reckoned among the Important cltW-a of the mid continent It haa a popu- 4 Whera Lava Blocksd a San Salvador Highway. latlon of tm.oiB); ita manufactured prslui1 liicluile aoap, clgara. candle, cotton cloth and spirit; and Ita com pulsory education laws, university, theater and scientific Institution t teat Ita regard for cultare. 1 7.a I co, MrhatUt the moat fumoiia vol cano of the Sun Sulvador republic, hclchetl forth from a fine old huctenda In 17 70, and ever alnce has tirelessly thrown aloft Ita mighty volume of ashes Hnd gases. With the regularity of a ninmmotli natural timepiece It la wild not to have ma-Mil a ruuilillng, luminous pxplo.lon wlihiu any half hour for a century and a half; hence Its nickname, the "l-lghlhouse of Salvador." (if San Miguel, occasionally active, one writer said, after seeing the eruption lW: "K difflcult to conceive a grander iinturul object than thl vohanu. Ita huse la sliroinlid in denscs! grt-'ii. Iilcinllng with the light er hue of the grassvs which succeed the forest. Ahove tli tlm various t,' s,f ; L LUlle-Jott II X polora melt Irr.perceptlMy Into each other, r'lirt cornea the rich Hinder of the acorlae, ami then the allver tint of rhe newly fntlen aajiea at the atitn niltj and atlll ahove all, (lenilng in heavy opnlimenl volumes, or rising like a plume to heaven, Is the smoke, which rolls up ptermilly from Ita In candescent depths." There la a hike -In the repiihllr, IlnpHligo. supposed to lie In the lied of an old volcanic crater. Out of thla lake a volcanic Island arose to a height of l.MI odd feet .'HI jcara ago. Though In tio alngle distance, pcr hapa, waa a great rlly liurled, the con at u nt exhalation of Salvador vid cnnoea and Infolding processes of Ita earthquake gradually aiiluncrgi'd re mains of a pre r.iliimlilan clvlllxntlon. Those tnu es Just now are livulnnlng t reveal to patient atudi'lita faxrl iintlng facts about thla ancient "New World." t'urlom pyramids and ruinpntiB he token a cIvillulliHi known as Mnynti, even hefore the region was settled hy the I'lplles, nn early Mexican speaking people, from eiili alemler threads as the fact that atepa of these prehis toric temples are higher than they are wide, must ai leuce piece out the re lations of the various ancient atatcB and cities Hint nourished on thla con tinent during the halcyon daya of Kgpt, I'hiM'iilcla and China, on the oilier aid" of the globe. RHODESIA! THE LAND OF MEN, WILD BEASTS AND NATURAL BEAUTY Africa, not ao long ago regarded, for the most purl, as a "acpulchcr of the world's unst daring eiplorera," now engages the attention of the world he cause of ita vast tiatural resource and Ita Industrial pos4Mlltlea. Material furnished Hie National (iingraplilc society hy 11. 1. Tarsiais, Is the basis for the following descrip tion of Ithodcsia: "Interior liluxlesla must lie tra versed hy native carriers over moun tains, through primeval forest, across rivers, through almost Impenetrable Jungle and underbrush, In peril from elephants, lions, leopards, hyeiiHS, aer peuta, the tsetse tly, wild men as well as wild beasts. Knch currier has a mall hng of .M) Hiund-. (In an average curriers make miles a day. and even on runs of tl,i miles, from Itrokeu Hill to Ahercorn, they are seldom more than an hour behind schedule time and generally only half that. They make lietter time In the wet season than in the dry as, In the wet, they travel In dure feet, while In the dry the earth Is baked, the ground is hot like The Vulley of Ten Thousand Smokes.' and they are compelled to wear sandal. "1 here I one great drawback to the vvel; no material has )et been pro duced that can resist African rain. It liiubs at the average ruhberi.ed fabrics, due of the few partly suc cessful material la a peculiarly wov en ciinvas iiiicle In Kiigliuid. and even when mall dags of this material ure l-iiod, the contents are simply pulp valueless, and frequently undcclpher ahle. lazed paper auffers most; why, I do pot know. I MupMise It la the combination of heat and water. "The plunge of Victoria Kails' gn the Zambezi Is three times Hint of our Niagara; the roar Is heard for l'.l miles, and the column of vapor Is miles high. In the dialect of Mashonulnnd and Matuhelelnnd, lis name means 'the water that smokes.' "Krom Kascuipa to Livingstone (Victoria Kulls) Is fW) miles, from Livingstone to itulawayo ?.l. and from Ka-einpn to Cape Town 'J.Liai miles. The fauna of Ithodesla la wonderful; think of 17 kinds of aulelopea! "Although the tsetse fly la an ahom liuihle s-st. It takes) second place as a destroyer of property value to our American pest, the doll Wfcvll. A aingular peculiarity of the first named consists In Its habit of lilting human delngs, horses and oxen on the feet. When animals nre shipped from t'upe Toun to Not Ih IMiislesla. the shipping is done at lilL'lit. because, unlike the mosquito, the t-vte fly works only III the daytime. It prefers to work, on the legs, and in case of horses these are done up in purnlllti and cloths. It should he iimlerstisid that this fsj to man mid heiist Is confined to certain districts." HOW ARMAGEDDON PROFITED PERSIA That exceedingly 111 wind, the World wur, dlew much good to one nation, Persia, for the higher price of allver doubled her capital, made her raw materials sought after hy the world, and removed her from comparative Isolation to a place among commer cial nation of high Impedance. Writ ing to the National (leogniplilc society concerning thla rejuvenated ancient land. Klla C. Sykes says: "I'ersla Is one of Ihe oldest empires In existence, it haa been a kingdom for 23 centuries--ever alnce Cyrus the Ureat, admit fi" H. C. conquered M.-dla and united ihe country to hla under the nume of Persia. It has hnd many glorious episode In It long his tory ; has produced Ihe great teacher Zoroaster; such world famous poeta aa Klrdawsl, Omnr Khayyam. Saadl and Hunt, and audi great soldiers and rul ers aa Ihtrlua L Shnpur I and Shah Abba. "Agnln and again the empire haa been a prey to aiairchy; again and again compierlng hosts have swept through the country, Alexander the (treat having many a successor, the most destructive conqueror being Cejighls Khan with hla hordes of sav age Mi a i liuls -a lender w ho donated that he dad slain thirteen millions of hla fellow crest urns. "The center of the enuntre ts great plateau, rising from 2.000 to 6, OKI feet, and crossed hy frequent chain of mountains, while a lofty mouiitnln harrier hounds It on the north and south. "In the whole I'erslnn empire there were In ISHO only sit mllei of railway, and only four roads, their total length amounting to fewer than tM mile. There Is only one navigable river, the Knrtin, that flow Into the head of the Persian tiulf, and on thl sea the so called ports nre merely open rond atends, at whb h cargo cannot tie lund ed In stormy weather. "The tneri haiidise of Persia I prae tlcully carried on Ihe back of cam els, mule and donkey, a slow and exM'iislve mode of transport. "Hie Persia n la of Aryan stuck, and ha the same word.4 a ourselves for father, mother, brother and daughter (pldar, tnaihir, hradar, and dukhtar), and the construction of hla language Is like that of Kngllsh. "Many I'lTsiatis have no home life In t lie Usual sense of the word. A I'erslnn douse Is divided Into the hi roiMil. or nuns apartments, and the andcroom, or part consecrated to the women. A strong door, set in a high dlaiik wall, gives' entrsm-e to a nar row passage thnt leads into a square courtyard on which opeu several room. Here the men live, and here they usually entertain their friends, while their women dwell In rooms set round an Inner courtyard, the only entrance to which 'Is through the blroonl. "A a Persian Is Instructed from earliest youth that a woman's advice la of no account In fact the priests tell hltn that be had better do the exnet opposite of what a woman coun sets It can lie understock that as a rule be has no exalted opinion of hi wife or wives, and seldom turns to them for companionship." CZECHO-SLOVAKIAi BORN ABOARD FREIGHT TRAINS Amid the disorders of Central Ku rope one new nation afTon's a con spicuous exception to the chim. strife und revoliit.ons prevalent on all sides of her. That nation is Czechoslo vakia. The Inception of thl new national ity from a racial unit of ancient ami distinguished lineage I a modern ro munce computable to tile crusades of the middle age. Karly In I'.tlS the Intrepid Czech a it. or started out from Hie Kiev district of western Kusiu in railway cars, some of which were decorated with the sin.;. in, "Krom Wur to Wur Around the Unitd." At that lime It looked n though the summer of P.HS would find them In Cliuuipiiuie or the Arg.Miue. Joined wltli the thousand of their compa triots who were already lighting in the silled annus to down the Hun. lint u strnnge combination of circtitn stum delayed tlieiu In Siberia through the short slimmer of long days and the long w inter of little sunshine. A coiniiiutin uilon follows from May nurd Owen Williama, lirst Amer ican correspondent with the ssctacu lur anabasis of the Czeclio-Slovaks u cross Siberia : "Xenophon had a fine trip, If one Is to Judge from the accounts of his favorite presw agent, und Napoleon and Sherman have made fatuous ex cursions, but when it comes to the world encircling visum of Hie tourist bureau writer, und the doggedness of death, the wonderful Czechs lake the pal in. "The war found them about us en thu-eiiistlc In their friendship for Wil liam lloh' ii.olli ru und his IVtsilam confederates us they were for the llapsliuig bouse that betrayed them centuries ii.m. after they llianaliilliolis ly Joiimi Hie Austrian in Hie repulse of the honl.'s from Asia that theu tbreutelied Kuropo. "Their going over to the enemy was one of the reasons why Herman)-' southern neighbor fulled to pick up rapidly amid the heavy truttic that re sulted from the mobilization of Kurope. "Whole regiment of them went over to the foe. Other thousands were shot down by their Austrian compan ions in arms, ami all their orgimiza tlona were heavily officered by the Cermnus or Magyars, whose methods and ulms they hated. Thousands of them e-saped to ltussiu. where they were sent to ftie cold of Siberia or the malaria of the Tashkent reglou as prisoners of wur. "Many of them entered the Itusslun krmy under Kerensky, hut with the signing of the Hrest Utovsk treaty, they lost faith In their Itusslun com panlona In arms and with a spirit of loyalty to the cause of freedom that no other group surpassed, they set out from Ituasla to cross Siberia, the Pa clttc, Amerlcu, the Atlantic and France, to hurl themselves once more against their oppressors and traditional fi. "When I met them their 7H trains were strung out from the rkralne to Lake Baikal, all moving towurd the port of Vladivostok. "The Rolshevlkl walked Into the trap which they hud themselves pre pared, for bad they lived up to their promises, the Czechs would have all been lu Vladivostok hy July. When the Iteda attempted to disarm the Czechoslovak exi'iedltlon, the to detalim refused to be a melt as the anil Holshevlks usually were then, and the result was a continent saved for democracy while the world was bunting through It atlas to Hud out who these fighting men with the strange name really were, and what they were doing so fur from home." Uncle Walte Siort: DOMINANT WOMAN ti'TMIF.UK'S much truth In the old saying that a bticheliw Is mere, ly half a man," observed the professor. "I suppose you are trying to take a fall out of tni because I don't get tnnr rlsl," said Ihe low browed man. "It may Is true that a bachelor Is only a half a man, hut when he accumu late a wife, he's nsmiily only a quarter of u man. or maybe one eighth. The more 1 see of murrled men, the more thankful 1 am that I have never tVM'!Vhii l""'ned up at the VVTlCJ a""r wit" mi or ange wreath on my bend. "Old I'oollttlo has been murrled a hmg time, and he's got so used to be ing bossed by his! wife that he ds-n't know wliu t to do when she Isn't around. If you offered to lend him $!i de'd say he'd have to consult Kllza Jane about It. One time, when his wife wnn away, visiting, he ate about n s'ck of green cucumbers, and the colic shut him up like a folding bed. It was the worst cuse I ever suw. I heard tilrn yelling for the police, and when I rushed over there and saw him on the floor, with his feet clasped iicross the back of his neck, I phoned for a doctor at once. We put him to bed, titid the agony thnt mau, endured was sickening. And a. he rolled around there, expecting to go off the lusiks every minute, he kept saying. What will Kllz.u Jane say when she hears I culled in a doctor?' "After his wife ciime buck, I wa over at their house tine night, nnd she roasted me to n crisp for sending for a doctor. She said that if I had the first instincts of a gentleman I'd pay the bill, for I wasn't authorized to cull In a saw bones, and she didn't want one In the house. Iioollttle sat there und In iinl hi wife roast Inn me until my w hiskers cnrled and. although he knew the doctor saved his life, he never said a word. "After I left the house, he sneaked out und overtook me, and told tne he was sorry for what bad happened, but experience bud taught him thnt It's no use to butt In when his wife bus the Hoor. "lit icse worthy ciime over this morn lug while 1 was feeding the cow, and told me a tule of woe. Ill wife has about five hundred female relations, aunts and stepsisters und cousins und such people, and alie keeps the house full of them all the time. lie hns to sleep on a sanitary couch In the hull, while hi. own feather bed Is occupied by im aunt who weighs about pounds. He hits a comfortable rocking chair he bought for hla own private use, and now he never gets a whnek ut It. His wife's step-sister, who brought her tortoise-shell cut along. Is always using it. lie said he was get--tlng plumb (llsgu-aeil with such a con dition of affairs, but he didn't know w hat to do. "I asked him why he didn't read the authorized version of the riot act to his w ife, and tell her to ship all those rel ics out of the house, lie seemed shocked at the suggestion. 'You don't know whut you're talking about,' he wild. 'You've never been murrled.' "The queer thing about It Is that Ooosow orthy Is a great stickler for his rights when he's awny from home. He's ns sassy aa a bobcat, and will fight at the drop of the hut If anybody tries to Impose on hltn. He walks with hl head back und his chest out In front of hlin, but us soon us he reaches his own front gate he begin to dsik so blamed xbjoet that the neighbors pity him. "Then, there's old Major Setidoff, who distinguished himself on many a rlinson huttlctieh!. He bus courage ?iiough for three regiments. Hut he mirrled the Widow Kunkiim a couple jf years ago und she niukes hltn do he family washing, and hung the dothes on the line, und I suppose he ls the Ironing, too. I could tell you f a hundred audi cases " "I suppose you could." sighed the jmfesxir. "but I don't care for aenaa louul fiction." Russia. The Itusslun empire, prior to the orld war, comprised 3.7d4.5Stl square lilies. Cycloiedlt divide thla ter Itory. one-sixth of the world. Into 'our purts. IliiKsIa in Kurope (In ludlng I'olund and Flnliind), the Chu usu, Siberia. Husslua Central Asia. Kusslu In Kurope hus uu area of. 1, Ill.tUe square miles. HI Statu. "What do you kuow about the high Mst of living?" "Nothing. I'm merely lxlstlrui., Uiulsville Courier-Journal. How Would You like to Sm What lrvin Norwood (Pa.) Saw? "lint ewtnntrr tnU att that flrr ssins nr Ursa u.kar IUUMui. btfot KUK l'V-kll.ii 1 dead ru. How nisjiy mora dead bt coukio't tut d'sa't know. Kemrmtjcr rsU bffwl fiat and do. uUulWt'wurtkul iicHu1y. " J5c,bX, llX buU uul fuuuueii by Porter-Moor Drug Co. Ilenalfw & Davidson fy-" VvSlr- rt Yilhige IfviiiBachellef ul.su w. it i Mr. Bacheller wrote this story for you He knows your confusion, your doubts and your worry at the trend of present-day affairs. And in this tale he shows the clash of the new, corro ding, materialistic aims with the old, sturdy, strengthening American ideals that bend and quiver but still hold us steadfast to the good. It is not a story of adventure or mystery and its thrills are not of the breath-talcing sort; but they grip you nevertheless and leave you with that pleasureableglow which comes from faith renewed and optimism reestablished. It is a page from the red tablets of human,daily life, transcribed and embellished by a master artist. Will appear as a serial in these columns. Get the Opening Installment! Versatile. William I.yon I'helps, professor of Knglish llternture at Yule, declares he gets credit for only per cent of the after dinner speeches he actually makes. "Kvery time I accept nn Invitation to s-peak I really mnke four address es," hv says. "First is the speech I prepare in ailvanre. That Is pretty CimiiI. Second I the speech I really mnke. Third Is the speech I make on the way home, which is the best of all, and fourth Is the sMech Hie newspa pers next morning say I minle. which beat no relation to any of the others," O Illustrations by IRWIN MYEIW ROADS HARD ON AUTO TIRES Yearly Cost to Owner of ' Car la Vmething Lik $1,000,000,000 in Wear. A great den I has been said and writ ten. In discussing the roads and road building In the United States, about the wear and tear of automobiles on the roads, but' a brand-new element aeems to have been brought In hy the director of roads of the American Automobile association, who suggests consideration of the wear and teur of the roads on automobiles. Automo bile traffic now wears out something like 40.000.000 tires a year, routing au tomobile owners something like II, OOO.Ot 10,000; and on the roads aa they now are. It can he argtnsl. from data already accumulutcd. that the tractive retdstam-e, otherwise wear and tear, varies from LU pounds or less on ona kind of r I to :ino pounds or mora on another. Ti e consumption of gaso line also ts salt) in vary with the char acter of lite road on which an auto mobile Is traveling. The Idea la aur prising, but It seems not Impossible Hint a considerable part of the cost of building a nutloiiul system of roada that would produce the least posslbl wear and teur wi automobiles would he balanced by the decreased expense for tire. BE CAREFUL WITH LANTERNS Little, Flickering Flam Ha It In Ita Power to Oettroy Anything of Inflammable Character. These are the days of lantern In the hum nli-'M and morning. It Is well to reiiiemher that thl little, flick ering tluine has In it the power to de stroy your home and all you hava brought together In a lifetime. So never set it' down in the barn, nut i,... . it mi sM-iirelv. A wire runnin the length of the barn with a common! harness snap on It, makes a safe bold er Hotter tlll, la an electric llgfea system!