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The Citizen Devoted to tlae Intereata of the oiintaixi 3?eog3le BEREA PUBLISHING CO. (INCORPORATED) MARSHALL C. VAUGHN. Mftar Our Threefold Aim: T giw th Ncwi of Berea and Vicinity j To Record th Happening of Berea College; To b of Interest to all th Mountain People. 1. 0. UHaMft. gatarW at fW fW4lv at SWm, SV. mrand tUm mml-matfr, mo4T AH nf Mtrrh, ,. Mm4 Amtb Itiirafea al Ht. A Vol. XXII. Flv Cents Pat Copy BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, MARCH 24. 1921 Ona Dollar and Fifty Canta Par Yaar No. 39 Kentucky News Henderson, March 17. The county wool pool, held since June, for which an offer of 2fl cents had been re reived, was sold to a Louisville firm i ' . A , . -p. , at from 11 to 2:1 cents. The pool , represented 175 growers. Hatard, March 17. Improvements that will cost approximately $138, 000 have heen begun In the Hazard yards tit the Iiuisvile and Nashville Railroad. A ten stall roundhouse is being built, machine shop Installed, rnd aili'itinnnl tracks laid. IoimsviIIc, March 17 Under- aus pices rf the Kentucky Society, Sons of the American Revolution, a move ment hs been inaugurated for a mammoth pageant or community drama in Iuisville, based on th founding and history of the city. Three performances on three separ ate days, September 1, 2, and 3, have been proposed. ' Frankfort, March Ifl The Old Kentucky Home Commission today decided to close its option on Federal Hill, Rardstown. the home wber Stephen Collins Foster wrote his memorable song. The commission announced that It bad money enough on hand to make its purchase pos sible. Frankfort. March 17. Governor I Edwin P. Morrow today offered $!00j reward for the arrest and conviction I of each member of the moh which lynched Richard James, a negro, in Woodford county Sunday morning, or . for such information as will lead to the arrest and conviction of each i member of the mob. Tineville. March 16 Fire damaged the Ingram building on Main street In the closely settled business dis trict here Sunday morning, the loss amounting to about 14.000. By hard work on the part of the fire depart ment and volunteers, the fire was confined to the one building, although grinds In adjoining buildings wer? damaged by smoke and water. The fire ranght In the presing shop back of the City Barber Shop, until re eently the Oilreath barber shop. KENTUCKY CROP AND LAND VALUE REPORT fouisville, March 14 The March crop report issued by th U. S. Bu reau of Crop Estimates in coopera tion with State Commissioner of Ag riculture W. C. Hanna shows that Kentucky farmers have on hand an unusually lafire percentage of last venr's crops of corn and oats, and that land values in Kentucky have fallen sharply within the last year. The reduction of livestock feeding, the mild winter and the decline of pricea, with slow movement, are the chief causes for this unusually large percentage of grain crops held over by farmers. Of last yeer'a Kentucky com crop fiO percent (or B0,325,0O0 bushels) was atill held by farmers, March 1, 1921. l - - .u tola crop (or 29,700,000 bushels) on farms March 1. 1920. About 15 percent of Kentucky's 1920 wheat crop (or 842, 000 bushels), was held on farms March 1. 1921, compared to 11 per cent of the 1919 crop (or 1.138,000 bushels) on farms March 1, 1920. Of the 1920 Kentucky oat crop farmers held 3ft percent (or 2,961,000 bushels) March 1, 1921, compared to 25 per cent of the 1919 crop (2.475,000 bushels) on farms March 1, 1920. About 10 percent of Kentucky'a 1920 rarley crop (or 11,000 bushels) waa till on farms March 1, 1921, com pared to 20 percent of the 1919 crop (or 20,000 bushels) still on farms March 1, 1920. Average land values, according to reports from farmers and others? throughout Kentucky, have fallen since March 1, 1920, from $85.00 average for improved farm lands a year ago, to $66.00 average March 1, 1921, and from $62.00 average for unimproved farm lands a year ago to $46.00 average March 1, 1921. Tha average value reported thia spring for poor plow land ia $33.00 com pared to $42.00 a year ago; good plow land $75.00 compared to $95.00 year ago; and average of all grades of plow land $5S.OO compared to $70.00 March 1, 1920. Al there have been comparatively few sales during tha laat several months thee esti mated value are baaed partly on last fall salaa and prices at which farm ers arc now holding, as well aa on recent sales, these as ti mates being, therefor, largely visionary. Tha average cash rant paid for Kentucky farms, where an entire U. S. News Washington, March 21. An en tirely new attack on the validity of . . ' ... , on the reuirenient that it be ratified . ... within seven years was made today . ,. rllrt Chicago, March 19. An explosion of grain dust rocked the entire South ern section of Chicago early tonight, wrecked one of the world's largest grain elevators and broke every win dow within a radius of a mile. Washington, March IS. Prescient Harding has had his first taste of the Irish problem and has met the issue sipiarcly by declining to permit the United States Government tu be drawn into any action that might be construed as a recognition of the Irish Republic. Fl Paso, Texas, March IS. United States soldiers and Immigration of ficers early today were petroling the Mexican bonier near here where from 10 o'clock Thursday until 1 a. m. they had exchanged shots with a party be lieved to bo Mexican smugglera in which three Americans were wounded. Pittsburg, March 19. Something like seventeen billions of dollars musit he provided by the federal govern ment within the next thirty months to meet its running expenses snd re funding operations, Secretary Weeks, of the War department, declared to night in an address before the Pitts burg Chamber of Commerce. Washington, March 17. President Harding continued today his confer ences with foreign envoys, receiving Baron Shidehara, the Japanese am bassador, at the White nou.se. The conference la understood to have had o do with several international sub it cts of mutual interest to the United States and Japan. Washington, March 21 Produc tion of cotton, exclusive of linters, amounted to 13,937,775 running bales, lonnting round as half bales or 13-, f'5.754 ecjiiivslent 500 pound .bales, for the 1P?0 rop, according to the final .rlnninr report of the season issued today by the census bureau. . Washington, March 21. Wayne B. Wheeler, general counsel of the Anti Saloon League, called on President Harding today and announced after wnrd that he had urged the appoint ment of an internal revenue commis sioner "who will stand for an honest enforcement of the prohibition law." "I am sure the President realizes the importance of the situation," said be. Indianapolis. Ind., March 18. Any attemps to reduce wages ( of coal miners in the United States will be resisted by the Miners' Union, John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers of America, declared today in announcing such a policy has heen approved by the union's ex ecutive board now In session here. The union miners, it was said, have contracts at present wage .scales that continue until March 31, 1922. Washington, March 21. A plan de signed to effect a saving of millions of dollars anually in the operation of the railroads of the country .by co ordination of their facllitiea and serv ice through operation of a railway service agency to be created by act of Congress was presented to Chair man Cummins of the Senate Inter state Commerce Committee today by the National Association of Qwners of Railroad ' Securitiea. S. David Warfield, president of the organiza tion, announced in presenting the plan that Its adoption would be urged later at hearinga before the committee. Washington, March 21. The Ford- ney emergency tariff bill, preciaely at vetoed by former President Wilson, will be rushed through Congress as the first important legislation of the extra session. According to the re quest of President Harding for paa sage of a measure designed to help tha farmers and asking for protec tion against foreign competition, Re publican members of the House Waya and Meana Committee turned about today to revive th Fordney bill after agreeing almost unanimously a week ago not to consider any emergency legislation ahead of a permanent tariff and revenue revision. farm was rented In 1920, waa report ed as $918.00, and th average all of auch rented farms aa lit acres. Where plow landa alone war rented for cash th averar cash rant waa $9.70 an acre. EASTERTIDE UNI Eastsr Crowd In a It Is very beautiful, the spirit of Easter In these ancient villages adjacent to Jerusalem, hut It la In the Holy City where the chief Interest of Easter centers, of course, for It Is here that the three great ceremonies of Holy week take place the Wash ing of the Feet on Thursday at noon; Holy fire, Saturday noon, and Easter niHss at midnight, which concludes the prolonged fust and ushers In Easter Sunday. All the narrow, dirty alleys called streets nre thronged with multitudes of adoring people, threading their way toward the Church of the Holy Sepul cher. Suddenly there Is a wild clang or of bells, but after the first notes one Is unable to even discern them above the roar of voices, the cease less tramplngs, the grounding of muskets, the whining of beggars, the cries of the venders lined all along the walla and the steps of the church with their beads, glass bracelets, mother-of-pearl rosaries, crosses of cedar, sacred pictures, sweetmeats, food and sirups, the marvels of which they are crying to the heavens. Even money changers are doing business as they did In the courts of the temple. It In all more like a fair than a portal to the holy of holies. There are Ar abs and Syrians natlvea from Leb anon, Damascus Hebron and all the little vlllagea we have visited; there are Bedouins. Egyptians, English, Americans, negroes, Kahalls, Copts and Turks. But the latter la less domineering In hla fea than of yore. THREE WORDS TELL STORY OF EASTER Christianity Based on Simple Phrase That Points the Glorious Story of Resurrection. "He la Risen r Throughout the Chris tian world this saluta tlon echoes. In spirit If not In words, on Easter morning. "He Ia Risen Indeed 1" A long time ago, when the Christian religion waa young and Ita priests and advo cates were actively stamping out heathen customs, or turning to Chris tian usage those which could not be obliterated, these forms of Easter greeting and response became th uni versal custom. They were accompanied by th East er kiss, aa much a part of th salut tlon aa the set form of words, "H Is Risen I" Th words In this ag ar not spok en In general greeting. Th custom has centered in th spokesmen for th people,, and th greetings ring from pulpits la all Christian churches. They ar sung by th choirs of tb civil ised world. Thus does th manner bat not th custom chang In Christian religious observances. Th kiss, which alwaya accompanied Easter greetings tn th days when thoa observing It wer not as legion as today, has been forgotten set said sa being onneceeaary. Th Olvln Meaeag. Probably no other feaet day, or no other world event has Its Import de scribed so tritely, ao significantly, as Easter day. Three words tall th story of th event on which Christianity Is founded. Three words tell of th Ree srrectloo, oa which th hop of th world and all tn world to com, Is THE HOLY CITY Street of Jerusalem, founded Three words teirof the plan of Redemption of the divine purpose of Christ There waa a time prior to the ac tivity of reformers In the sixteenth century, when F.aster Sunday was re ferred to aa the "Sunday of Joy," when dancing and sports were the order of the occasion and when the clergy re lated atorlea and traditions from th pulpits with a view of developing the laughter of the congregation. This practice was riot developed from a spirit of Irreverence. The people In those days thought of Easter aa th most Joyful day ef the calendar, and it waa natural that they should con alder laughter as being an integral part of a day of Joy, hence the pains th clergy were at, to tickle tha- risi bilities of the people. The reformers changed this order. They began to think more seriously of the Easter festival, and when they ar rived at a deeper understanding of the meaning of "He Ia Risen," their way waa clear to them. The solemnity of the three words convinced them that levity In the churches waa not In keep ing with reverential, dignified, or de cent feelings. The manner changed, but not the custom. Herald of Easter Morn. Out of the Reformation cam tha three words stronger in meaning than ever, and on down through the cor ridors of time they bar heralded Easter morning. If one were to become analytical In observing the Easter season it would not be difficult to arrive at the con clusion that th occasion, wherever II la recognised, la rooted In th hearts of Individuals. Easter Joy la not tha result of ukase or of custom as much aa It springs naturally from the spir its of th people spirits touched with the Joy of great awakening which of fered future glory to the world. All these thought blend togetBer In an ticipating th dawn of Easter morn ing; all these thoughts fill th lives of th earth'a peoples. Even th chimes f th church belli on Easter morning have a special slg nlflcancc They aeem t be clearet and more appealing. Many of those who hav stepped outside the accept ed boundariea of religion hav been brought back within the fold on East er morn tag by no ether Influence than th thoughts rising within them at th sound of chimes. They may have beard th aame chlmea many other mornings; heard th sound In sn un conscious sort of manner, without be ing stirred by any new emotion. But on Eaater morning that la different, for la It not th world awakening and ar not th people, with th bright ness of th season reflected upon them, answering th calling bells I FRAGRANT BELLS OF EASTER. Oh. frajrant bells of Eastar You softly rtns at dawn. Ia moany dell and woodland. By garden bad and lawn, Whara wlntar'a enowa have asaltad Tb brooks aga'a are trae To ripple oa la gladness And share your minstrelsy. Oh. eboaaa balls ef Eastar "TU youra to bud and bloom. To tall tha wondrous stery Of life from out the tomb, Whara war has left Its fallows Tou lift above tba sod Tour loving cups, sweat censor That bear the peo ef Ood. A Helpful Hint. "Ar-r-r-rl" growled a hypercritical customer In th rapid fire reatauraot Thts confounded plec of meat Is SO tough I can hardly eat It T "Get It down oa th floor where yon can pot your foot on It wbo yoa gnaw It," briskly returned Hotels, ta wait- -Kansas City star. HORRIBLE TALES TOLD BY REFUGEES BODIES THROWN UPON ICE AFT ER WHOLESALE KILLINQ BY SOVIET FORCES. Refugees Undergo Hardships In Ef ftcting Escape Weights Are Placed In Pockets of Victims to Cause Them to Sink in Gulf ef Finland. Western Newspnper Union News Service. Stockholm. I Mails of the full of Kronstadt before the repented on slaughts of the llolsliovlk army, under coinniiinil of l.eon Trotzky, Soviet War Minister, have been brought here by refugee. In the citadel, according to the refugees, about 1,701) men were , left endeavoring to flunt their way to- j ward the enst, and In the other for- i Inwn alvout l.'ss) were mode prisoner by the ItolHhevik. All offloers and lead ers uimitii; the military forces and civ ilians Immediately were picked out and on Trotzkys order, given before the final attack, were executed. Their bodies wero thrown upon the Ice of the Gulf of Finland, with stones and scrap iron in the pocket. o that they will sink when the ice breaks up, prob ably a fortnight hence. All the other rebel soldiers Interned are awaiting the future, which according to the ref ugees, most likely will bring execu tions. As food is scarce and the victorious Soviet army la on half rations, the sit utttion of the prisoners eaully is under standable, the refugees point out The horrors of the daya of atormlng can not be deacrilied, the refugees say. The insurrecuotittrj mrcwa n?naicuij 'i betrayer toj uvnaDiiani synipaiuia Ing wttJi the Bolshevlki and small bodies of the rebels were fired upon snd mowed down by machine guns in tha hands of local communists. The garrison was not strong enough to rush upon these forces of communists and simultaneously repulse attacks from the outside. Every one, old or young, man or woman, with or wrthout weaons, who got in the way of or was bunted by the Bolshevlki was killed Immediately, the refugees assert, no quarter being asked for and none be ing given. ! The town of Kronstadt suffered se verely. At the beginning of the retreat by the Insurrectionists big fires were In progress in five places. The stream of refugees from Kronstadt has ceased. according to dispatches from Terloki, on the Finnish frontier. Only a few men arrived, after an adventurous night, clad In white and wlih severely wounded hands, sustained when creep ing for miles along the Ice in order to escape detection by the many Bol shevik patrols. Bolshevikl, refugees any, have established s circular chain of sentries and patrols around Kron stadt, through which it virtually ia Im possible to break. Kronstadt had big stores of army equipment, which ex plained the good attire of the soldiers and sailors arriving in Finland. The latter country will hav great diffi culty In feeding the hungry refugees, as normally she must Import more than two-thirds of th grain and flour consumed. Tax Suit Lost Washington. The Federal Govern ment loat an Important Income tax suit when ttve United States Court of Halms held that every estate, the net amount of which exceeds $.10,000 and which has been or hereafter la com pelled to puy the Federal eatate tax. Is entitled to deduct the amount ao paid from Its income tax return. The effect of the decision, should it be sustained by the Court to which the Government noted an appeal, will be that th Gov ernment not only will be compelled to refund all taxes already collected by estates under such circumstances. hut will be unable to collect similar amounts from estates In th future. Mob Storms Building. Tokyo. Riotous scenes wer enact' ed at a meeting of the Kenael-Kal, or Opposition party, which had gathered her to discus an open letter written by SecreUry Hlroka, of th Seiyu-Kai party, charging lacount Kato, Presi dent of the Kensel-Kal with accepting a brlti . The meeting was attended by 10,000 persona, and when Ilevreseuta tlves ToineKaburo Shinilzu attended to xpenk a 'lor.en men rushed forward and demolished th platform. Cheek on Allan Lost Washington. The Itepurtuient of Xtat snd I.alor have aked th De partment of Justice to determine whether or uot Congress, In repeaJinv war-time lawa. Inadvertently removed the st'atuiea under which the Govern ment baa maintained a check abroad on undesirable aliens seeking to mi grate to th United States. State and labor offices doubt that any passport laws remain oa tha etatuta books, al though Congreaa plainly Intended them te remain and provided moo? tot I hair enforcement, WorldNews On Sunday the long expected ple biscite was taken to determine whether Silesia should belong to Germany or Poland. The event passed off without disturbance, sine tht Allies had prepared for the oc casion. The vote was In favor of Germany and will give her a section rich in coal, iron, zinc and other min erals. This is the largest piece of territory in which s plebiscite has . thus far been taken. It Is rumored that Poland will oppose the decision, but the Allies are prepared to en force the vote. It is reported that the French statesman, Viviani, Is soon to visit th United States. He is one of the strongest speakers iii France and made a good Impression when he visited this country during th course of the war. It is believed that he is coming to urge upon th United States the importance of join ing the League of Nations, and that he will offer to make It possible to remove the tenth article, which was such s stumbling block to the Sen ate. Great Britain has just closed a compact with Soviet-Russia for mu tual trado. Inter-communication be tween the countries will be restored, "ossia is to stop all propaganda in the direction f India, and is to clesr the spproaches to her harbor of mines. This arrangement does not carry with It a recognition of tha Soviet Government. It Is probable that this settlement will not meet op position from France, since England has supported her policy for enforc ing reparation from Germany. It has been decided to bring before the United States in April the Treaty which provides for a payment to th South American state of Colombia of a sum of $25,000,000 to make good for injuries done her in th separa tion of Panama during Roosevelt's administration. Although the Senate has refused to ratify this treaty dur ing President Wilson's administra tion, there is reason to believe it will do so when it is brought up in April. Senator Lodge has already faced about and will vote to ratify. The proposed renewal of the Arf-glo-Japanese alliance has met with opposition from New Zealand, a col ony of Great Britain. The ground for opposition is the fear that it may open the way for Japanese immigra tion into New Zealand. The feeling both in that colony and in Australia is as strong against a Japanese pop ulation as it is in the United States. It is probable, however, that the al liance will be renewed. The Polish constitution has been completed snd adopted, and it is expected that it will b put into operation very soon. It it modeled after the French gov ernment, and provides for a President elected by the two houses in joint session, for a tenure of seven years. Progress is being made in the settle ment of large problems. Peace has been made with Russia, and the un certainty in regard to Silesia has been removed. The United States in her service ss mediator between Panama and Costa Rica, in a contested boundary line, has decided in favor of Costa Rica. The decision has greatly pleased al Latin American countries, as it would hsve been to the advantage of the United States to have decided the matter in favor of Panama. It was found, however, that Panama had made an agreement about tha boundary, and it was decided that she must live up to it. Such a de cision is highly creditable. v Freak of Acoustics, Tn tha whlnnerlne- gallery of St. Paul's cathedral tn London tba faint est sound Is fslthfully conveyed from one side of th dom to the other, but can not b heard at any Intermediate) point Accounting for the Blu. Mrs. Bscon They do ssy that single grsln of Indigo will color a toa of wster. Mr. Bscon Do yon suppos that la why th milk Is so blu this morning. dear! . - Chjaretta Smoking. Clgarett smoking Is on th Increas all vr th world, according to a e tha tndustrv. In lttlft 80.- 000,000 "eoffla nails" were smoked la the United States and mor man io 000,000,000 wer exported.