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The- Citizen ; Qrot.frl to tlie Intereato of tlie !M!oiiito.iri. People eereaubLishig CO. a (lCMroATU J Our Threefold Aim: Ta gia the Newt of Berea and Vlcinityj To Record the Happen Infra of Berea College; To ba of Interest to all Uie MounUin People. AASTWUX K. VAUGHN, Ultar MU K. V AU( blyAKj Um '' t'i . If. v at. anisrrikni ft-. A Vol. XXII. Five CenU Tor Copy BEREA, MADISON COUNTT, KENTUCKY, JUNE 9, 1921 One Dollar and Fifty Centa Per Tear No. 64 BEREA STUDENTS SUBSCRIBED $15,000.00 Fifty Percent of the Student Body Pledged Fifteen Thous and Dollars of Million Dollar Necessity Fund which Berea College is Planning ,To Raise this Year Normal School Leads All Others In Pledges Berea, June 7 The student body of Berea College and 'Allied Hcnoote during the Chapel hour this morning opened the great financial campaign which ii being launched by the, Col lege. The Normal School forged ahead to the tune of ten thousand dollar, which will make an excellent begin ning for their new women's dormi tory. The campaign among the students Is not oer, as there are pledges com ing in every hour. The Institution with its five great schools and more than two thousand students finds itself in dire need of money. There are necessary build ings and laboratories that should be erected and a dormitory for Normal girls that must be procured if the great work ia to be pressed forward. Kentucky News Abram Renlrk, of Winchester, Ky., last week paid the $10,000 fine im posed in federal court in Louisville on a charge of using the mails to de fraud in connection with thi Me ,Combs Oil Company case. John Mc Laughlin, of New York, paid $5,000 and promised to pay the remaining $.1,000 the day following. Frank Shearer, of Winchester, Monday night narrowly escape! drowning when the machinery of his automobile became unmanageable while he wss approaching the ferry at Booneshom and, aftor turning around several times, rsn Into the Kentucky river. Shearer crawled out of the car thru the window. Owen Walker, Madison county, In dicted in February in the Madison circuit for selling intoxicating liquor, and sentenced to one year in the pen itentiary, wants the Court of Appeals to reverse the judgment on the grounds thst he should not hsve been convicted of a felony. In 1917 Walker was convicted of the same charge and was given a1 jail sentence. An act of 1920 pro vides thst the second violation of the prohibition law constitutes a felony. As his first conviction was before the enactment of the law making the second offense a felony. Walker eon tends thst felony Wharire should not have been placed agairst him. Winchester. Xy., June 2. The Board of Education of Kentucky Wesleyan College met with a com mittee of citizens of Winchester and Clark county to discuss the drive for a greater endowment for the college and to agree definitely upon a form of pledge. The board stated that it had fully decided that the institution should permanently remain at Win chester and that large sums would be expended in constructing new dor mitories and buildings for the Insti tution. Aa a special safeguard against the institution ever being re moved. It was further submitted by the citizens' committee and agreed to by the board that the money contrib uted, In Clark county should be kept in a separate- fund as an endowment and in evrnt said college should ever either by removal or otherwise cease to function as a college at Winches ter, he full amount of each Clark eounty subscription Is to be, refund ed. The board of education by unan imous vote assented to the proposal. Register. SnOOTINO AT nARLAN The L. A N. station at Ilarlan was the scene of a killing Thureday eve ning about 6:45 when Marion Stew art waa shot twice by Garfield Lytle, and died instantly. Stewart was a resident of Ilarlan county, but had bean employed aa a prison guard at the convict camp In Rockcastle eounty, and just arrived back here Wednesday. Lytle, who la a miner and had been employed at tha Mc Comba nine, attempted to get on tha Lena Rue train with a high power rifle hi hla hands, when Stewart told aim ha could not get on the train (Continued aa Pa Eight) The first year'a service of Presi dent Hutchins ia now closing, and it has been one of the most successful within the history of Berea College. The question which the College faces now la not one of getting atudents but one of caring for the students who are begging to come. The full capacity of the dormitories and class rooms for next year has been as signed aad hundreds of applications are still coming in. There is much needed equipment as well as new teachers, and when the matter was piesented to the students, they started the campaign with a big boost. The campaign is to be pushed Into many cities and states, but the-most influential gifts should come from Kentucky. Madison County History By Prof. Jaa. R. .Robertson Berea, located at the extreme southern end of Msdisort county, does not forget that it ia a part of a county which has one of the most distinguished histories of any section of Kentucky. The-county was created in 1785 while the whole region, now includ ed in Kentucky, was a part of Vir ginia. It was made by a subdivision of Lincoln county, which was one of the three subdivisions of the original Kentucky county created by Virgin ia in 1776. Madison county wss named in hon or of James Madison, the associate of tl iit......v. Ait:..;..-A : t iu'liinn wriiriMi, uiPLii'BUioiiru ill the affairs of Virginia, one of the. leading members of ' the conven-1 tion which drafted our national' Constitution, and afterwards Presi- dent of the United States for two terms. It was during his adminis-j tration that the war of 1812 with England occurred, a war largely! brought on by the leadership of Henry Clay and the people of the West, a war in which Kentuckians fought both in Northern Ohio and at New Orleans. Madison county is the largest of the Bluegrass .counties, and it was the spot which attracted the notice of early hunters and traders and in cited that zeal which led a land-loving people to, desire possession and settlement. To the Red Kiver valley, j a tributary of the Kentucky, came John Findlay as early as 1767. Fa miliar with all the Indian lines of travel, it was Findlay who guided Daniel Boone to the Mountains which look off on the Bluegrass country. In his famous hunt of 1769 and 1770 Boone and his companions must, many a time, have trod the soil of Madison county, looking for game and spying out a place for settlement. It was Booneshoro on the northern edge of the county that he selected in 1775 when he led the littto band of set tiers along his narrow wilderness trail, thru the Gap in the Cumber landa at the southern end of the county, and on across the county to their destination. All thru the Revolutionary War ,the Indiana from north of the Ohio, instigated by British influence, sought, in rain, to force the little group of settlers off Kentucky soil. Madison county waa likewise a place of importance in the Civil War. When the Confederacy aought by force to conquer the State in 1862, a flanking movement was led by Gen. Kirby Smith along the old Wilder ness Road. His objective point was Richmond, the county seat, and a running battle ended In tha cemetery of that city a discouraging defeat for tha Federal Army. Many notable men In State and na tional affairs have been born In Madi son eounty. A worthy successor of Daniel Boone In hia knowledge of In diana and woodcraft waa Kit Carson, the famoua acout who guided John C. Fremont on hla explorations to tha Pacific Coast Tha bar of this county has always had distinguished men upon it. John Speed Smith, Daniel Brack, Curtis Burnana ara worthy examples. (Coatinoed en Pan Eight) Baccalaureate Sermon By President William J. Hutchins in College Chapel, Sunday, June S, 1921 Berea College with its varied ac tivitiea and phases of life furnishes many notable occasions thruout the year, but none are more significant than Baccalaureate Sunday with its procession of graduates from all de I partments to the College Chapel, and the special address to the graduating classes. The weather man was in good humor and smiled approvingly on the long line of students', one hundred and forty-five who have successfully completed their respective courses, as they marched to the Chapel, pre ceded by the alliance officers and teachers. The Chapel waa crowded to full rapacity by the large audi ence of atudents, citizens, and visi tors to Berea. Prof. J. Watt Raine offered the in vocation, the scripture lesson waa read by President Hutchins, and Dr. Raymond led in prayer. The music was In charge of Pro fessor Rigby, and the anthem ren dered by the choir was especially fine. President William J. Hutchins preached the sermon from the text,' I. Kings 19:15 the word of the Lord to the prophet Elijah "Go return on thy way." While the message was addressed especially to the young people of the graduating classes, it waa a forceful, earnest appeal to all to take the prophet's road to the common life of men. In his Introductory words the speaker expressed his desire to think with all the congregation of the things which deter us all, and which help us all as we seek to be speakers for God to men. Following are some of the outstanding paragraphs in the splendid address: -..--' "Elijah, go return upon thy way." I Kings 19:15. One cannot escape from life and be a prophet. One may find or make a rave and dwell within high walls of self-conceit, but one thus surrenders the prophet's robe and the prophet's right. But, what's the use? What, if I do go down into the common life of men? Well, I remember what Elijah did when he returned from the wilderness to the world. Ahab wanted a bit of property which adjoined the palace, a little garden of herbs he wanted that was all. ne offered the owner, Naboth, a better piece of land or the worth of the vineyard in money. With curi ous obstinacy, Naboth refused to sell and proceeded to invoke the name of Jehovah. Ahab sulked like a spoiled child, upon his bed. Jezebel did not Berea College Commencement Procession 8:10 Graduating Exercises 8:30 Picnic Luncheon " 1:00 Informal Home-coming 1:30 Brief Addresses Dr. Wm. G. Frost, President-Emeritus Dr. Jonathan C. Day Dr. Wm. E. Barton Dr. J. R. Rogers The Laying of the Cornerstone of the Fee Memorial 4:00 Picnic Supper for College Alumni 4:30 Scljoel Socials 0:30 Informal Reception at the President's House 8:00 GRADUATING EXERCISES INVOCATION , i , MUSIC Unfold Ya Portals Gounod Men's and Women's Glee Cluba EXERCISES OF THE VOCATIONAL SCHOOL DepartmenU of Agriculture, Carpentry, and Home Science A Rural Community Meeting Twelve-bird Poultry House Otia William Weld Carl Milton GambiU Oscar L. Com Ernest Crimea William A. Rica Make 'Em on Rainy Days . Park Harris Seale Clef ton Y. Henderson ' Harlan Franklin Mattio Williamson Margaret Elisabeth Flecker rrod B. Wilaoa Bob tha Fly Save tha Wifa Willi Chriatopaer Lilly Martha 3. Parlay (Coatiaued an Paga Elgfta sulk, "Dost thou not govern the king dom of Israel?" False witnesses com pared the death of Naboth. AnJ Ahnb arose to go down to his vine yard ta possess it. Elijah met him. "Hast thou found me, O mine en emy!" "I have found thee." And Elijah proceeded to tell Ahab precise ly how muoh in excess he would have to pay for that vineyard, bought with Naboth'a blood. And all down the ages the picture of the speaker for God has been conquering men with tha conviction that God ia on the aide of justice. Ia there no place for Elijah any more? Think of that great word: "Justice is the steady and abiding will to give each man what belongs to him." What, then, belongs to each man ? Surely that, at least, be longs to each man which will make him the most effective servant of the common good. Ia there no place for Elijah any more? Think of the prophets whoH have been before you. Think of Fe with his gospel of impartial love. Think of Fairchild with his message of education for the mountains. Think of Frost with his determine tion to give a chance at all good things to all men and women of the Southern Appalachians. So long as any vineyard of any Naboth is likely to be stolen by any Ahab, so long ia there need of the man, who, standing behind his coun ter, standing before hia class, still stands before Jehovah; the man who has lost forever the fear of men, in proclaiming the justice of God. What can a speaker for God do if he tkei the road bark to the comf.Wn l,f? -- ' ' Well, I remember that Elijah was bidden to anoint Jehu, king of Israel Yes, and Hazael, king of Syria. And I delight to believe that as you grad uates go down into the common life proclaiming the justice of God, you will go also to visit, to consecrate, to anoint those who are to be rulers of our land and of other lands. Thou shalt anoint Jehu, king of Israel. I may be told that our students do not need to be urged to enter into politics. Every true son of any one of' our States is by birth and hered ity a politician. On a court day in any one of our towns at this season of the year, politicians cluster about the court house as flies cluster about sugar. And perhaps some, of these have tasted of the "fountain of life and learning in Berea. I have not asked you to join the ranks of such (Continued on Page Seven) (OK OF III FLOODED Pestilence Is Greatest Danger, With Food and Drinking Water at Premium RIVER BREAKS FROM ITS , COURSE THREE TIKES IN FORTY-EIGHT HOURS Mud and Debris Fill 8treets and Houses Death List Expected To Contain 250 Name Two Dama Cive 'Way, Adding To Torrent Stricken Area la Placed Under Heavy Guard Thirty Business Site Ara Ruined. Western Newspaper Union News Service. Las Animas, Colo. The flood In tha Arkansas Klver, from Pueblo to the Kansns state I'ne. Is the greatest in 41 years. Water fn.in cloudbursts in the I'iipMo section hit 1 Junta with a twelve-foot crest. The water rose at the rate of three feet In ten minutes, and spread to a three-mile width over the hmlinds. 1ji Junta la without drinking w.tter or lights. The Atchi son, Topcka & Santa Fe shops at Ia Junta are under Uve feet of water, the rn 1 1 road yards are wrecked and two locomotives and ISsJ freight care wero . away.. .A acoie of Jives are be lieved to linve been lost. Two hundred residences In thla city went under three feot of water. In habitants tied to public buildings and to the highlands, fearing tiie resi dence section would he swept away. Kour persons drowned when the Amer ican IWct Niiiiar. Company, Mexican Colony. Montezuma, on the river hank, was swept away. The company lost .(NH) hues of augur In warehouses here. All river bridges on the Santa Ke lialliotid and lines of tracks In a score of places between the Kansas line and I'ueblo were washed out. The entire lueses will run Into the millions, it Is estimuted. Pueblo, f'olo. A downpour of rnln, aiiioiiiitinv almost to a cloudburst, Ufa in was f i 1 1 i n K. Whether or not the ra'n followed the course of the Arkan sas Klver above I'm-hlo could not be learned because of the darkness. Fear waa expressed for the safety of per sons II viim in towns on the Arkansas Klver below 1'ncbla There was no way of spreudiug a warning from here. I'ueblo, Colo. Three times during the last 4S hours the waters of the Arkansas Klver, breaking from their course, have inundated the greater part of thla city, with the resultant loss of probably not less than -'. Uvea and property damage estimated at 10,tMUiO. To the tlrst Hood tuft loss of life auu damaged property li due for the moMt part. The second and third floods found little of value not already ruined by the water, and were looked upon with concern ouly because they hindered rescue and reconstruc tion work. First estimate of the dead, based upon reports from excited wit nesses who told of having seen hun dreds of bodies swept through the strc'ts of the city, are considered to have been exai:j:ei"itd. W'lillo no ollli lal count of the fatall tic has been attempted, It Is stated that the death I'st probably will not exceed 2M, If Hint hlijli. Due hundred bodies have been recovered, but It Is execiet that when Uie mud and debris which tills the streets and build ink's In the flooded area are cleared away more bodies will be found. I te ller work Is progressing under the di rection of Ited Crow oillciula and mili tary otticiuls. The greater danger at the prescut time la mid to be from pes tilence. Food Is belli,; rationed. ThoiMt with out funds with which to purchase pro visions are being cared for by the Ked Cross and other agencies. To those who have funds military peruiita are being jHsueii, allotting- the holder to buy only a limited auiouut of food from local stores. Pura water ia at a premium. The public baa beea warned to boll water before drluklug. Id anticipation of aa epidemic a large quantity tt typhoid aaU-tuaiu haa baeu called for aud will ba administered as aoon aa available, itva buudrad persona are la tempo, rary aoapltavla as a direct result of the Ittod, according Ul U Morehead, aeo rrtmrr t Ooverwa. Thera. ara WorldNews The English soldiers have reached Silesia, in Germany, and received a hearty welcome from the Inhabitant. It la generally recognized by the Al lies that the question of Silesia ia one which merits attention aa one of prime importance. If there ia to be claim jumping allowed in tha countries of Europe, the peace of tha world will be continually In danger. The merits of the case are not all on one side, but there must be de cisions in the affairs of nations that will hold, and the peoples of the world are coming to see it New regions of the world are com ing into the week's newa, and now we learn that Transjordania, or tha region east of the Jordan River, ia restless under the rule of Prince Zeid, the native ruler of tha new Arabic Kingdom, and asks annexation to Palestine. The rule of Great Britain ia preferred to that of any other' power in that section of tha world. It is not so much a question of British conquest as it ia one of drawing the line between sections which wish British sovereignty. The elections for the new Parlia ments in Ireland are over and cele brations are being held everywhere. No one ia exactly satisfied, but each interest seems to And something to celebrate. In general Unionists have triumphed. Nationalists and Sinn Feiners, however, have been able to poll large votes in some places. Vio lence and destruction of property still goes on, but the new Governor ! General and the English military ! force are determined to give the new Home Rule a chance to operate. The death of .Emile Comba hi ; France- removes a man- who waa 'a statesman of courage and ability. He was representative of the Social ist party and waa prime minister from 1902 to 1906. He came into office to bring to pass a more com plete separation between church and state, and his measures met with con- " siderable opposition from the Catho lic element in France. Some of the ground gained by hira has been lost, especially since the World War. A meeting of the crime ministers ! of the self-governing colonies of the British Empire is to be held in Lon don this month, and will be one of the most important meetings ever held. It will have to consider the question of naval reduction, matters of international trade, mandates over backward territory, and other prob lems which affect they Empire as a whole. Such meetings serve to bind the Empire more closely together and are beneficial to all concerned. The International Presa Associa tion . will meet at Honolulu in the fall. This will bring together from four to five hundred makera of pub lic opinion to discuss their problems. The Hawaian legislature has mado an appropriation to b used for their entertainment, and the throne room of the old palace will be placed at their disposal for the .meetings. Such a convention may easily be the means of great good to the world if it stands for clean and honest news. Attention ia being turned thla week to the ocean passage of two of the Cunard Company'! great liners, the Aquitania and the Mauretania. The first named vessel is making the trip with the use of oil as a fuel and the other with tha use of coal. Tho not a race in the usual sense of the term, the captains of tho boata are making it a test of the two fuels, and much importance may attach to the event, aa tha one or other of tha vesaela steams into New York harbor during the week. POTTED WISDOM aileuee Is golden when It haa t been purchased. $ t Cupid haa plenty of Initiation, t but little memory. J Man la often blind ta virtue, J bat aever to beauty. A rt maa la aever bad aa la aaecaly erratic. London Mall.