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The citizen. [volume] (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, June 09, 1921, Image 2

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Jane , 1021
Page Two
THK CITIZEN
OUR SCHOOLS IN TI1B BALANCE
Kentucky's public schools will hang
in the balance on the 8th of Novem
ber next. They are not to b weighed
but upon the result of the balloting
that day will depend the development
of public education for a generation. If
the people ratify the two educational
amendment to the constitution sub
mitted to thorn, and send to Frank
fort legislature which will support
the Educational Program started in
1920, and to be completed next win
ter, our State will be placed among
the moat progressive of the Nation,
so far as the form of our school or
ganization is concerned. If they do not
do these three things, our schools will
be held In the grip of an antiquated
and Inefficient organization which
will hold us where we are today, near
the bottom of the list of states, edu
cationally. What are these amendments which
the people are to pass uponT Why
are they of such vital Importance to
our schools, and as consequence to
our children and our future? These
questions should be asked by every
man and woman holding the right, of
suffrage, and the answer diligently
sought until it is found. Let me at
tempt to answer them briefly.
The first amendment removes the
State Superintendent of Schools from
the list of elective offices named in
the constitution, and makes It possi
ble for the Legislature to provide for
hit appointment in such a manner as
will secure a man of high profes
sional ability, and keep him in office
so long aa he is making good. At
the present time our State Superln
tendency appeals to a politician
rather than to an Educator. Thru
a combination of unusual circum
stances we now have a really great
educational leader in the office, but
under our oresent law it is imposst
ble for him to remain in office more
than two years after this, no matter
bow successful he may be. Our cities
and towns elect Boards of Education
with the power to go upon the mar
ket and secure the best talent their
funds will buy, and keep such a per
son as long as he is successful. As a
result many of our cities are build
big up great school systems under
the leadership of men of marked abil
ity who are given freedom and time
to accomplish results. A number of
states, also, have the appointive Su
perintendent and find that the scheme
works well. Whv should Kentucky
put its schools under the control of
a man who necessarily must be a
politician, and who cannpt possibly
stay in office long enough to work
out a policy, no matter how efficient
he may be?
If every thinking citizen of the State
will vote yea on the first amendment
submitted, laws will be enacted by
tha next General Assembly to provide
In November for the appointment of
a head for our school system as near
ly politics proof, and "fool proof as
such a law can be made.
The second amendment proposed is
almost as vitally important as the
first. At present our school fund, of
more than $4,000,000 must, according
to the provisions of the constitution,
be distributed to the several counties
of the State according to the num
ber of children in the county between
the ages of six and eighteen. It does
not matter whether these children
ever see the inside of the schoolhouse,
whether they may have completed the
course provided; whether they may
be married, and parents of children;
whether a school house is provided
fit for their needs and with adequate
equipment this money is paid by the
State Just the same. In other words,
14.000.000 ia given by the atatea to
the local communities almost wholly
without reference to their needs, or
the use that they make of the money.
The t 4,000,000 ought to be divided in
such a way as to equalize the oppor
tunities of the various counties, en
courage local effort, reward attend
ance and put a premium upon the
quality of education offered. If the
second amendment, which sets free
onty ten percent of the State fund,
Is paused, it will do the first-named
of these things equalise the oppor
tunities of the various counties.
These opportunities are not equal
now, for there are counties which
have as high as $7,500 of taxable
wealth for every child In school age,
while others have not more than $500.
The passage of the second amendment
would provide funds sufficient to bring
about this equalisation, and make pos
sible the same minimum salary for
teachers and length of term for every
county In the State. Therefore, In
order that every Kentucky child may
have a fair chance In life, vote yes
on the second amendment
Third, but not less important, we
must have a Legislature in Frank
fort next winter that will not only en
act the proper laws to make the con
stitutional amendments effective, but
which will strengthen and not repeal
the anlendid laws of 1920. and enact
such additional measures as may be
urged by the educational leaders or
the State, and approved by the State
Survey Commission.
Brieflv. then, let this be the plat
form of every voter who desires to
see Kentucky come out from the low
position she now occupies education
ally. 1. A TES" vote for each of the
Constitutional amendments
2. The support of no candidate
who does not fullv and fearlessly
nledce himself to the Educational
Program backed by the Kentucky Ed
ucational Association, approved ty
the State Survey Commission, and
ureed by the State Superintendent
and his staff of expert advisors.
If we stand together for those
things, and put them over in Novell
ber. Kentucky will soon be in a post
tion where she can hold up her head
among the sisterhood of states, proud
of her achievements in the field of
Public Education.
C. D. Lewis
HOARDING FACTS ISN'T
EDUCATION
BRTAN PENOUNCE9 OPPOSITION
TO LAW
BEREA!
O Berea! Thou art dear
And ev'ry heart is thine,
Children come from everywhere
To worship at thy shrine.
Echoes of the loving past
Speak feelings of today,
And again our mother's love
Her children's hearts shall sway.
Fond memories are greeting
In friendly hand-grasp now,
Binding closer in their clasp
The students' life and vow.
Altar fires of noble sires
Shall burn again today
Sons and daughters, old and young,
Shall lift their hands and pray.
Clear visions of the future
Great with deeds of kindness,
Shine before the upward look
Take away our blindness.
Strong shall be the will to do
When mighty impulse spans
Gulfs between all racial lines
With love from man to man.
H. M. Penniman
There is something infinitely, trag
ically sad about Thomas Alva Edi
son's suddenly notorious test ques
tions, for they do represent an almost
universal and entirely fallacious opin
ion as to what education is. Almost
none of the questions had anything
to do with usable information. Who
discovered how to vulcanise rubber?
Who Invented the modern paper
making machine? Who was "the
father of American railways"? How
is celluloid made? What kind of
wood is used in kerosene oil barrels?
How is artificial silk made? From
what country do we get our platlna?
What Is the name of the acid in vine
gar? there ia no conceivable need
in a daily life for such Information
as this. The only possible value of
the examination is to determine
whether or not the applicant has read
the newspapers and magatlnes reg
ularly. If he ha he can answer a
sufficient number of the questions to
get a passing mark. But a cursory
reading of newspapers and magazines,
coupled with a fairly retentive mem
ory for words and phrases, does not
produce culture or perfect the Intel
ligence. There usually is this in any
intellectually active life, but it Is
secondary. The practical use of the
Intelligence Is for understanding the
immediate environment In which we
move, the tools with which we work,
the things that produce our bread
and make our life. Half what Is
learned at school is parrot talk, which
may train the memory but adds noth
ing to the intellectual capacity of
the student.
Mr. Edison's questionaire shows
how we are chained to the delusion
that facts are valuable in the same
way that dollars are valuable. The
analogy is In some ways a close one.
Just as there are misers who hoard
money, there are misers who hoard
information. , The less educated a
person is, in the sense In which the
word is used by great educators, the
more likely he la to hoard. There is
no more real distinction In collecting
unnecessary facta than In wearing
superfluous Jewelry, and In each case
t flaali in nil on the outside. If
this is their only test Mr. Edison's
examiners turned away as many good
men as they hired. Including all the
geniuses. i
The young man who is intelligent
enough to pick out what he needs to
know from what he doWftneed to
know will probably be as successful
as his brother who can't pass a fact
'without picking it up, but even if he
isn't, he will be able to think more
clearly. The great trouble with many
of us In this age is mental Indiges
tion; we possess considerable
amount of detached and unorganized
information which doesn't mean any
thing, doesn't make us any happier
or any better company, and doesn't
help us to a philosophy of life From
tha New York "Globe."
Loyalty to Government Require
Obedience Irrespective of Per
sons) Opinions
A German captain is the second
conviction at Leipsic for cruelty and
inhuman treatment during the war.
He was given six months for mis
treating prisoners.
Optimum's greatest victory la the
popular belief In the power of money
to secure all thing, desirable.
A middle-aged man will wometlnies
think If tie could tind the right kind
of hat be would look younger; but
be never can find It.
William Jennings Bryan, In an ad
dress In Washington at the Mount i
Pleasant Congregational Church called
upon every self-respecting citizen
to obey the prohibition law and as
sist in its enforcement, declaring that
loyalty to the American nation de
mands no less. He said:
"A a a miHm nt fart law are not
ln(ended primarily for those who like .
them. Those who like the law do
not need It They would without law j
do that which the law requires. Laws i
are primarily Intended for those who
do not like them and must be en-!
forced without any regard whatever
to the wishes of those who violate'
them. 1
"The enforcement of the Prohibi
tion law rests upon the aame eom-j
mon sense rules that apply to the
enforcement of other laws. No one
would thrnk of entrusting the prose
cution of horse thieves to a man who
believed In horse-stealing, who la
ready in steal whenever he has an
opportunity and would buy stolen !
horses whenever he could, do so with
out detection. Not even a horse
thief would have the Impudence to
suggest one of his companions for
sheriff. Why should the enforcement
of Prohibition be entrusted to any
man who is opposed to Prohibition?
How can man who himself drinks
be expected to interfere with drink
ing of others or with a business that
must continue If he himself wants a
drink? If the enforcement of Prohi
bition is to be a serious matter and
not a farce we must recognize com
mon sense In the appointment of Pro
hibition officers. We can not afford
to select as prosecutor a man who
drinks. His throat will be pulling
against his conscience all the time.
His appetite will be carrying on a
joint debate with his oath of office.
Other Nations Should Respect Oar
Laws
"The third matter to consider In
connection with enforcement is that'
other nations should respect our1
right to make our laws as we please
and to enforce them as made. j
"At prercnt the Canadian territory
adjoining us on the north and the
British island near our eastern coast,
and Cuba and Mexico, our near neigh
bors on the south, .re being used a
the base for conspiracies against our
laws. !
"Such conduct can hardly be re
garded as fiicndly rr-d cannot be de
fended when the cnte ia brought be
fore the bar of conscience.
"None of these nations would for
a moment hink cf rllcwing their flag
to protect ti-nd of pirates who
preyed upon our commerce and our
ration would not be long In register
ing a protest
"Is the dollar more Important than
the man? 1
"Are we more concerned about
trade than about morals?
"Are we more indignant about the
loss of merchandise than about the
invasion of our home by an enemy
that has been out-lawed by constitu
tional act?
"This question must soon become
an international matter, and we are
fortunate in having a Secretary of
State a man who has shown by hi(
judicial decisions and by his profes-
sioaal conduct that he is not In sym
pathy with this lawless traffic." I
REMEMBER
Mrs. Laura Jones' Hat Sale is still
going on right now
Immense Line of New Hats at Sale
Prices. Don't Wait.
We Sell Hat and Sell Them Right
MRS. LAURA JONES
Chestnut Street Bren, Kentucky
Honest Abe Says
Now is the time to buy soy
beans, millet and cowpeas;
the prices are low.
Call, 6ee us for lard, flour; ,
meats, and all kinds of gro
ceries, feeds, hardware, paints
and nails.
A; B. Cornett & Sons
Phone No. 129 '
Main Strcet - - Berea, Kentucky
SMITH'S
Overalls-Overalls $1.35
Big Ben Engineer-Switchman
O.K. Work Shirts 75c
Big Sample Line of Ladies', Misses', and
Children's Middies. Middy Suits and
Dresses at a Big Discount
Peters' Solid Leather Shoes
For the Whole Family
Men's Work Shoes - $2.50 - $3.25
Men's Dress Shoes 3.75- 7.50
Women's Shoes - 2.50 7.00
Piece Goods at Bed Rock Prices
Spool Thread 6c per spool
C. D. SMITH
Chestnut Street
Berea, Ky.
-:Mv'
-Z.r:'i: al
:. (. -- -
Hospital Building
i 71 , a v i
a. f a . 4 1 'V.
NURSES TRAINING SCHOOL
of Berea College Hospital
The College Hospital Training School for narses has discon
tinued the shorter course which haa been given In former years
and from now on will give only the three years course, which fits
its graduates for the State examination and the degree of R.N.
This course offers a splendid opportunity to young women whe
wish to put their lives into a work which la highly remunerative
and at the same time gives the privilegea of unselfish gervice for
one's fellowmen. The profession of nursing has come to be con
sidered one of the most honored aa well as the most profitable
callings open to women. Graduate nurses are In great demano
both for private duty and to take charge of hospitals all over the
country; and any young woman holding her degree of R.N. is
practically assured of a position at once.
The young women who have the privilege of taking this course
are the most highly favored of all Berea students. They receive
all their ordinary expenses, including board, room, laundry, three
uniforms a year, and textbooks. There is also abundant opportu
nity for high class entertainments and outdoor recreation at al
most no cost All the advantages offered by this great institution
are open to the student nurses as they are to all the students of
other departments. ,
There are only ten places open for the fall class, which begins
when the college opens In September, and those wishing to Join
would do well to send in their applications at once.
ill
4 I
ntatiJf ILL-,"' '"Nc-'-'.-. 'i. ''.-
,1
f ! t ttttal
College Ambulance
The Hospital 6UC
In Operating Kooa

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