Newspaper Page Text
' June 9, 1921
THE CITIZEN Fag Flm THE CITIZEN A son-partisan family ntwspsper published every Thnrsdsy by BEREA PUMJ8HINO CO. (Incorporated) MARSHALL K. V AtlCHM, IMItar WN. E. MX. ArUtw AmrtaU Editor aid lailmi Minun KnUr at the Kvmc at bm, Kt., sa trraaal tlaa atari aiattvr. MSRat'RtFTIflN It ATM Om wr, I'.W, li rrnmUia. M rnt, ttin month, M mM. Pal.W in adr. Pontes Advertteine Rnrwittati. Berea and Educational Ideals In the fourth century, R. C, Aristole wrote' follows In his "I'olitka": "No one will doubt that the legislator should direct kit attention above all to the education of youth or that the neglect of education dues harm to the atate. The citiien ahould be molded to auit the form of government under which he live. For each government haa a peculiar character which originally formed and continue to preserve it. The character of democ racy creates democracy, and the character of oligarchy create oligarchy; and always the better the character, the better the government." And nearly two thousand years after the (treat philosopher, Aristole, spoke, Martin Luther wrote to the city of ficials of Germany about Christian schools: "Even if there were no souls and men did not need schools and the languages for the sake of Christianity and the Scripture, the maintenance of civil order and the proper regulation of the household needs accomplished and well-trained men and women." We quote from Thomas Jefferson, the most versstile of all our presidents: "If nation expects to be ignorant and free In a state of civilisa tion, it experts what never wss and never will be. There is ' no safe deposit for the functions of free government, but with the people themselves; nor can they be ssfe with them without Information." From the lips of philosophers, theologians, and statesmen ex tending from the dark days of antiquity to the enlightened pres ent we hear the fundamental note the need of education as a guarantee of liberty and a safeguard to the state. If the character of our people determines the character of our government and character is the product of enlightenment and righteousness, then we must have more enlightment and more righteousness. It is this combination which Berea College Is trying to estab lish. It Is fundamental that all knowledge and Intellectual awak ening should be accompanied with righteousness. Berea recog nise that the arts and sciences, that the mechanics and material things of life are of divine origin and should be developed by people who have an appreciation of divine authority. For this reason Christianity is taught in all the departments. Berea believes that the maintenance of civil order and the proper regulation of the household rails for accomplished and well-trained men and women. Therefore plain daily duties and the primal occupations in which the vast majority of the world's citisens spend their lives are taught in the. classroom and dem onstrated in the laboratories of field and shop. The class ex ercise and demonstrstioris of Commencement week make their own argument, but a more beautiful story is told by the indi vidual, who, far removed from the influence of his alma mater, is weaving his intellectual attainments and righteousness into the fabric of the community life. Berea holds, with Thomas JetTerson, that to secure free gov ernment and guarantee its safety all the people must be edu cated. To promote this principle and to secure this end Berea is struggling fqr the education of those without a chance. The price of education in this country has continued to go up and up and the appeal is beginning to narrow Itself to the wealthy few. Without a tremendous flght to keep education within the reach of those in most desperate need, the cause will be lost and our free government placed in jeopardy. The fact that the great majority of the students at Berea are partially or wholly self-supporting shows that the institution is sincere in its claims and is pursuing a definite end. The great promise of future security, more than in the past, lies in the masses of the people. One writer ha asked, "Will they respond?" Berea College la answering that question every ay. The appeals of those knocking at the doors of the institu tion are soul-stirring. They are the appeals of young people seeking a larger life, of people searching for the paths of truth that lead to freedom. They are the appeals of those asking for a chance to marshal their latent powers in the fight for the preservation of American institutions and the promotion of the Kingdom of Christ NINTH ANNUAL COMMENCE MENT OK LINCOLN INSTITUTE OF KENTUCKY The ninth annual Commencement exercises of Lincoln Institute will "be held on the Institute grounds on Wednesday, June 15, beginning at 9:30 a. m., railroad time. The fore noon exercises will consist of ad drtMM by th graduate with a dem onstration In "Home Nursing" by one of th girls. There will be music by the Inst it ut band, a chorus of so- America in Aatyuj mi Iht Vvy Spirit of Democracy A Han for the Ages By Irving Bacheller A tale whiJi shows the staunch heart, spacious mind and noble soul of Abraham Lincoln. A novel, told in th charmingly romantic vein which one expects from an able wntrf of fiction, yet no historic fact ha keen tam pered with. Dealing with the cUvf of Lincoln's young manhood at New Salem, 111., and those of hi growing political career which followed, rt is a picture of the timet, of types and thrilling inci dent of the pioneer period. And although a story, not a biography, it presents th most humanly in teresting portrayal of the great Emancipator ever made, A story which has seized th heart of th nation. This paper is fortunate in being sole to oHefgbaenal form. Begin this Wk . Pag I th Aawrtraa Pm Auarlatloa. lected singers, Negro Spirituals, etc. In the afternoon President William J. Hutchins, of Berea, will give the chief address. Those who attend should generally bring their lunches, tho there will be an opportunity to buy simple re freshments on the grounds. Louisville and Interurban cars (Shelbyville branch) stop at Lincoln Ridge on the Institute grounds. Everyone is invited to come snd see what Lincoln Institute is doing for colored youth. . A. Eugene Thomson, Principal STATISTICAL NOTES The wine production oft Madeira for lO-SI Is estimated in excess of l.S'.U- 000 gallons, a !0 per cent Increase over una The telephone wires In th United States Kiti.Ter.Hte iIH.KJ7.lK8 miles euouiili to girdle the earth at th equa tor time. FOR COUNTY JUDGE Being impelled by both my personal ambition and the insistent demand of th people from all parts of th county, I have decided to make the rare for County Judge, and I hereby announce myself a candidate for County Judge of Madison County subject to th action of th Demo cratic primary of August 6th. My character and my attitude on all public" matters are so well known that it la unnecessary to go into Jthoso details, except to say that if th peo ple se fit. to honor me in thia signal manner, I shall bring to the adminis tration of th duties of th office whatever of honesty, fairness, and impartiality ther la in m. I will be th judg of no party, class or clique, but of Madison county. Adv. JOHN D. G00DL0C T" DR. A. E. THOMSON STRICKEN Dr. A. E. Thomson, President of Lincoln Institute and truste of Be rea College, was suddenly stricken with acute appendicitis on Friday last and was taken to Norton Infirmary, Louisville, for an operation. His condition is extremely critical, but as we go toress he is reported as holding his own. HrV numerous friends in Berea and thruout th State will sincerely hope that he may be spared to carry on the great work at Lincoln Institute and to sit in counsel with the trustees and other supporters of Berea College. ' I ON SUSPICION J. Decourcy Van Derventer Made a fortune in the war And departed for the Southland In his million dollar car, While the courts In far Manhattan Sought In vain to place the screws On some certain folks for selling Uncle Sam some paper shoes. Fiom his limousine, far rolling, Bearing bed and kitchenette, He surveyed our lovely mountains As he smoked his cigarette; Faw the ivy and the laurel Robe and crown the mighty rocks. Heard the wildcat in the' gloaming Scream and answer back the fox. Saw tha clean and countless millions Of the stars that shone at night. Heard the mighty torrents roaring A's they thundered out of sight Heard the pine trees sigh In sadness From the shadows overhead Like a host of women mourning For an army of the dead. Once a lovely mountain maiden Beckoned him at even-tijle, ( And he left his car and followed Where she led along the side Of a babbling brook, believing From the promise In her eyes That the stream would lead him straightway To the springs of Paradise! But she quickly introduced him To a law defying crew, , And upon his soul descended Fragrance of the "mountain dew"! Then she filled a cup with "moon shine", And he pledged her where she stood, As the "Spirit of the Southland" And the "Goddess of the Wood." While he spake in phrase poetic, With a wild and horrid yell. Twenty marshals charged the land scape As the bate emerged from Hell, And the maiden fled and vanished With her whisky making men And Decourcy Van Derventer Was arrested there and then! Van Derventer's faithful chauffeur Searched among the hills in vain, Called and searched for hours, but never Saw bis master's face again! Certain Judges in Manhattan Rack their legal brains the while J. Decourcy Van Derventer Languishes in durance vile! Alson Baker FOR SHERIFF To the Democratic Voter of Madi son County: In response to the insistence of many friends and my own ambition, I hereby announce myself a candi date for the office of Sheriff of Madi son county, subject to the action of the Democratic primary on August, next. If you honor me with this office. I promise to give you faithful and efficient aervic in every possible way, and will do everything in my power to see that the laws are en forced, strictly, without fear or favor. I will appreciate your vote and support. ' ELMER DEATHERAGE FOR SHERIFF I hereby announce my candidacy for nomination for Sheriff of Madiaon county at th primary election to be held August , 1921. Subject to the action of th Republican party. I wish to state for th benefit of th Republican voters that at th regular meeting of th county Com mittee, held April 4, 1921, that I was recommended by said Committee for thia domination. I hav served na Jailer of Madison county for th past four year and feel I hav performed th duties of my offlc to th best of my knowledge and ability. And if I recelv this nomination, I will do everything in my power to b elected, and if lect ed, I wish to state' to th people of Madison county that I will endeavor to carry out th duties of this offlc to th best of my ability, that I hav neither pets nor bosses; my main and only duty will b to enforce th law .with Justice to all and special privileges to non. w.'h. burgess Political Advertisement , ,J 'My'TKTTT .Miners at work on Kokomo creek. Alaska. 40 miles from Fairbanks where a new strike of hign-grade gold ore hss been insde. 2 The Washington and cherry tree float In the parnde In celebration of the 2TOth anniver sary of Frederick shurg. Va. 8 Giant wreath of popple with which the Statue of Liberty In New York harbor was, decorated Memorial day by the United American War Veterans. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Thirty KiRed in Race War in Tulsa, Okla. White t Burn All Black Belt SENATE FIRM FOR BIG NAVY Paeae Appropriation BUI Carrying 494,000,000 President Harding's Memorial Day Utterance Rail way Wage Reduction Announced Mere Fighting In Silesia. By KOWARP W. PICKARO. . Another of those sudden sud ter rilile race vuiitllcts which make all de cent Americans bluah with shame oc curred last week, thfs time In Tulsa, Okla. before the 'state troops that were called to asMst the police had reatored onler at least thirty per sous had been killed, huuilreds had been wounded and the negro quarter of the city was In ashes. More Uian b.OOO negroes were reuilervd home less and the property damage wss es timated to be In excess at a million and a half dollars. As so often Is the case, the riots were due to an attack on a white girl by a negro. The offender wsa arrest ed and then someone started the ru mor that he was to be lynched. Sev eral hundred armed blacks gathered about the courthouse and Jail, and one of them was killed by a police officer. That started the flirting, snd within a few hours the city had become an armed camp, Both whites snd blacks looted the stores for guns, and the negroes entrenched themselves In their quarter. Ad anny of whites Soon began the Invasion of thnt region and. driving back the blacks, set fire to the buildings ss they advanced. Men, women and children were shot down mercilessly as they fled from their burning homes. Three local units of the Oklahoma National Gunrd were ordered out tiy the governor, and they, with the help of the police and members of the American Legion, at last succeeded In controlling the sit uation. Tbey were able to protect the business and railroad districts from further destructloi., but the "black belt" was a smoking ruin. The same old cries of "Shame V will be heard, and Tulsa will be thor nuichly scolded for this shocking af fair; but the same causes will bring shout the time results ever and again, almost anywhere In the United States, and the wiaeat social economists do not know where the remedy lies. If the house can be brought around to the senate' way of thinking, we will hav the greatest navy In the world. But th difference of view of the two chambers Is represented juMt uow by sum SU8,OU0,UU), aud it may be a lung time before au agree ment is reached. By a vote of M to IT th senate passed the naval appro priation bill carrying a total of $4t4. Itoo.isjn. For several weeks the small navy men had fought bard, but they secured a reduction of only $2.Suo. (HH from th total recommended by the naval committee. Their leader, Senator Borah, voted for the bill be cause, as he explained, he had high liilea of results from his smendment requesting the ('resident to Invite (ireat Britain and Japan to Join with the l ulled Htates lu curtailing uaval coustructlou. That 11 r. Harding lakes the Itorah plan seriously U Indicated by the report that our representatives In Indon and Tokyo already are "feeling out" th aeutlmeut In th gov ernment to which they are ac credited, i The bill as passed by the senate cur ries I lOo.OOO.OUO for construction of khlp. mclucl'ng an Item of $15.000 000 for th beginning of work on two air plane enrrler at a limit coat of ft'.'. OOO.wxfc llH.noo.ooo for aviation, and funds for 1J0.UI0 meu. Several mil lions of (toiler are allowed for streugtheoiug lhl'aclfic I'oajtt de feuaea, aud money Is provided for further work on the Churlo-um nuvy i - . ... . "is yard, the majority having relented !n that matter. Memorial day not only was cele brated fittingly all over the United States, hut In England and France as well,' where many of our dead war riors still lie. In this country, of course, the most notsble obaervanc of the dny was In tbe national ceme tery at Arlington, where the Presi dent delivered the address. Mr. liar ding took advantage of the occasion to declare thnt America must and will do her full part In helping to stabilize the world, to restrain ambition for empire and to prevent the disaster to civilization that would come from a denial of the equality of sovereign states or persons. The United States, he asserted, will neither pursue a pol icy of Isolation nor surrender any of Its Independence of action, but will stand ready to accept leadership In the restoration of normalcy In th world. i In a Memorial day address In a Chicago suburb, former Senator James Hamilton Lewis predicted a war with Japan In which America will stand' alone. "Not one country In Europe Is truly the friend of the United States," tie ssld. "The time Is coming when we shall have to pro tect ourselves sgalnst sn Invasion of the Asiatics." England,' France, and Italy, he said, will be appealed to by Japan to force the United States to grant the Japanese the same privi leges ss they enjoy In Europe. The federal railway labor board has announced the wage reduction that goea Into effect on July 1, when tbe national agreements sre abrogated. The eveniKe waite cut lsto be 12 ier cent and thia eventually will reduce the pay rolls of the 104 roads affected by a400.UKi.otH) a year. The board In Its decision sets up new uniform wsge scales for all groups of employ ees, snd these will later spply to every road In the country. The abrogation of the national agreements. It Is be lieved, msy save the roads sn addi- rtlotial g:i00.0OO.IKiO yearly. In labor circles it had been feared a greater wage reduction would be ordered by the board; hence It Is predicted the action may arouse little open opito sitlon. The chiefs of the railway unions reserved comment. The day after the hoard's ruling was made public President Harding surprised tbe Interstate roromerc commission by calling at Its office for a confereute on freight rate reduc tion, which be deems of vital Impor tance In the restoration of busluess. He uisde clear his desire In this line, bnt It was evident thst he would have to overcome strong opposition. The cabinet agree with the President that prohibitive transportation rates large ly accouut fur tii stagnation of busi ness and th continued blgh price of the necessities of life. Chairman Clark of the Interstate commerce commission aud Senator Cummins, chairman of the senste com mittee on Interstate commerce, agree, however, with the railroad executives, who contend that rates cannot be re duced generally until It has been proved that railroad expenses can be rat to a point assuring an adequate return on th Investment Aviation In America la hard bit by disaster snd economies. The country was shocked by th accident near Washington In which an army plane, caught In a Here electrical storm, -was destroyed and all It seven occupant killed. The vlctlma Included several aviation off! cere and former Congress man Maurice Connolly, blame for the accident. If ther I any, I hard to place though It la felt that th es tablishment of ajtltud observation stations would do much to avert aim liar disaster. At the government proving ground at Aberdeen, Md., where rehearsals for th army and navy maneuver In Chess pea ke bay were taking place, a pound bomb filled with TNT fell from a plan aud th explosion killed five men and Injured twelve. Appareut ly tbe mechanism of the boiub-carrylog rack was defective. All tbe air mall route established with so much flourish, except th trans continental Hue from New York to San Francisco have been abandoned. Post master Oenersl llsya saylug thia la An t lack of money and to dlfflcnl- tie of operstton. The St. Puul-Cbl-cago and St. Louis-Chicago routes were the last to be discontinued. This ac- ' Hon may be linked with the charge of Inefficiency, carelessness snd mis conduct made agslnst certain of th operating force of the air mail In th Middle West. Investigation has result ed In the temporary suspension of E. W. Majors, superintendent of th Omaha-Cleveland division, and of four of his subordinates and one mechanic. Mr. Majors and the pilots In his divi sion deny the rhsrge made by a dis charged pilot, thst the deaths of sev eral air mall carriers were due to criminal carelessness of the executive and mechanical forces. The Investi gation la not yet completed. The Pole and Germans In Upper Silesia did not observe their true for many hours. The Germans renewed the attacks and the fighting has been continuous ever since, despite th ef forts of the allied plebiscite forces, which have been reinforced by a body of British troop. In general the Pole seem to be getting the worst of th fighting, for the Germans were well organised secretly and are fully armed. There was a serious outbreak In Ben then, where the German Inhabitants attacked the 'French garrison. Th latter used tanks with deadly effect and ronted the Germans, killing many. With th arrival of the British forces It appeared likely thut Korfanty's In surgent Poles would be driven out of much of the disputed territory which they had seized. Owncellor Wlrth spparently Is de termined to force Germany to fulfill I er obligations to the allies. In n sieecb before the relchstag he set forth the economic rules aud policies through which, he believes, the Ger man nation can pay Its debts and yet maintain economic stability and in dependence. He Intends uot only to keep up with the payments as tbey full due, but to keep ahead of them. "The sums to be puid In repara tions,'' he declared, "can be extract ed only by creating an economic bai rn ce. We must Increase our produc tion and reduce our expenses to tho utmost lu our manufactures. We must limit all imports, especially li iu rles, aa far ss possible through custom tax measure. To this eud we should lave sovereignty over our custom borders. "Agriculture must be brought to Its highest capacity, systematically. Ani mals must be replaced by motors, sav ing fodder. Acreage must be Increased, and the cultivation of swamps and deserts must be undertaken at tho earliest moment, thua providing work for those out of employment, Tho sword has been broken. We most work." The chancellor foreshadowed a high er corporation tax, a bourse tax, an Inheritance tax, a landed property tax and a tax ro certain securities. In ad dition to an Increase In direct taxes. Before the congress of the Com munist party In Moscow Premier Lenin laid his economic program, which was supported by Minister of Agriculture Mlllutln and approved by the gathering. The policy as outllnsO Includes: 1. Collection from th peasants of a fixed amount of grain by a system of tax In kind, estimated by Mlllutln to smount to shout one-third of the crop. The other two-thirds of the crop Is to remain at the disposal of the peasant for grading through the newly restored co-oera lives, whose power Is to b ex tended. " i 2. Retention ,1a th hands of th state of the largest Industrie and meana of transportation, particularly the leather, salt and textile Industrie. These latter are turning out manu factured goods now most needed by the pessanta. They are to be speeded up In order to satisfy th peasants weds, and the workmen sre to b en couraged by a bonus system and other Inducements which will Incress pro duction. Supervision la to be under the trad unions, who will fix tbe ratea of pay Instead of th government as heretofore. X Encouragement of smalt and me dium ro-operslpves and private Indus tries. Factories will be leased to tae smaller Industries, and even financial assistance will b given. Th trade union will Ox wage.