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Conducted by Mr. Robert F.Spen",' Farm Demonstrator and Special Investigator ' COVER CROPS FOR THE WINTER 'stability in again returning to the market for farm commodities and United that the end of the deflation process so far as farm product art concerned I,oses bjr Eroaion In the States and Kentucky of land ruined have been . 4,000,000 acres beyond redemption. 2. 400,000,000 acre badly injured. 3. $100,000,000 annual loss. 4. 268 square miles, 1 foot deep, deposited by Mississippi River annu ally, equivalent to 343,000 acres of soil to plow depth. ' 5. Kentucky is so situated as to have more than proportionate loss. 6. Erosion losses in Kentucky greater than land taxes. 7. 2,500,000 acres in Kentucky are badly eroded and much more has been injured. 1918 CROPS Classification of Lands and Crops in Kentucky Acres Waste land 7,663,193 Pasture 4,844,213 Timber 3,690,642 Corn 3,143,186 Hay 1,499,886 Wheat 978,525 Tobacco 648,531 Oats 312528 Orchard 155,400 Rye 96,967 Cowpeas and soybeans ... 65,780 Alfalfa 66384 Buckwheat 23,220 Barley 12,986 Miscellaneous 287,055 Cover Crops needed 3,500,000 The facts brought out in the state ments 5, 6, and 7 are enough to more our fanners to cover crops as a pro tection and soil maintained There are 3,500,000 acres of land in Ken tucky which need to be covered with some sort of cover crop this winter One and one-half bushels of rye and 10 to 12 pounds of Hairy retch to the acre will make a splendid cover crop for the winter. The vetch should be inoculated. Dont wait too long: to seed. (More about cover crops next week) is near at hand, if it has not already arrived. As these were the groups which were first to return practical ly to pre-war levels, it is only natur al that they should be the first to recover. Most of the other groups were lower in July than in June. For ex ample, the wholesale price index num ber for house furnishings declined! from 2.r0 to 2H5; metals and metal products declined from 132 to 125; fuel and lighting from 187 to 184, and building materials from 202 to 200. With the exception of metals, all of these groups are still far above . . , ' pre-war price levels ana extremely high compared with values upon the products of the farmer's labor. The index number for all commodities combined was 148,' or 48 percent over 1913 levels, the same as in June. FARMERS ASK LOWER FREIGHT RATES . The price which farmers receive for their commodities is fixed not by them, but at some point where the surplus accumulates. The price of grain is determined in Liverpool and the price of wool in Boston.. The FIELD-SELECTED SEED WILL YIELD MOST CORN Lexington, Ky., Aug. 30. Practi cally all experiment stations in corn growing states as well as scores of farmers in every state have shown by Actual tests that field-selected corn given proper care after gathering gives highly profitable increases in yield over ordinary crib-selected seed, according to E. J. Kinney, crop spe cialist at the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station. The increased yields due to selected seed may vary from year to year, being greatest when the ordinary crop is late in ma turing and subject to a hard freeze before thoroughly dry. As has been pointed out, the germination of corn containing a large percentage of moisture may be partially or even wholly destroyed by hard freezing. Even when the germination is appar ently good a large percentage of the plants may be weak and subject to insect and disease attacks. Corn gathered early from healthy, vigorous stalks and stored so that it may dry quickly gives seed that germinates promptly and produces strong, healthy plants, the specialist said. ESTABLISHES BUREAU FOR TRUCK OWNERS Truck users are coming to realize that tires have a very important part in successful truck operation, and that the tires are a senarate nroh- farmer does not receive wis price, lem from the truck kself however; there is deducted from it Ai mwh money ig wagted today several commissions and the cost of ' t- shipping the grain from his , Some truck owners wonder why their When you come HgSntt down to reason, wSnafc is (here to dascouBnf tires THE next time a friend comes to you all excited about some wonderful tire bargain ask him how much value he ought to get for each dollar of tire money. It's astonishing that any car owner today should not know all the tire service he is entitled to. Nor how to check up between the economy of par quality on one hand and big discounts, surplus stocks, discontinued lines and retreads on the other. For two years U. S. Tire makers have been telling the American people all about tires. They have laid open the tire business from every angle. They have always led the fight for better tires. They have consist ently maintained quality first standards with certain economy for the tire buyer. They have established 92 Factory Branches aU over the country. Perfecting U. S. distri bution so that you get a fresh, , Jive tire every time you buy a U. S. Tire. So when a man once decides on U. S. Tires he knows what he is getting in quality service economy. In support of his own judg ment he gets the pledged word and reputation of the largest and most successful tire concern in the world. A sound reason for the fact mat you see more U. S. Tires on more cars than ever this year. 1 W A The U. S. CHAIN TREAD One of the tlra ut whkh It may bo saij thai thay dalfvaf economy yaar in and year out and Ure after Mr. "Torn a rVvaA. fcvw firm awry timm jroa aajr a U i I'm " United States Rubber Company station to the point where the price tire bills 18 estaDiisnea. i nereiore, any m-lre moderate. The answer is to be crease or decrease in the cost of folmd jn many cagM Jn the fact that transportation is reflected directly the wronf type or the wror? gile of by an increase or decrease in the tireg nM n ggit amount of money which the fnnfTj In the interest of greater economy, receives for his products. In addi-'he United gtatM Tjre Company ha. tion to this, when freight rates are , MtabHsned a Technical Service De- high, the farmer always pays a mm , partmenti made up of tire engineers. are so high while others' i BOONE TAVERN GARAGE BEREA, KENTUCKY on the great amount of manufactured products which he brings to his farm to consume or to use in the produc tion of crops. Thus the high freight rates "cut both ways" with the farm er. It has caugnt mm at a time when the price of farm products are back to pre-war level. This was the gist of the argument advanced by President J. R. Howard in opening the case of the American Farm Bureau Federation before the Interstate Commerce Commission in Washington on August 15. Mr. How. ard cited the large number of farm foreclosures reported in Illinois and other agricultural states in the west and predicted that unless conditions change 50 percent of the renters in Illinois will not operate next year. He maintained that the excessive rail road rates were largely responsible for the dilemma in which agriculture finds itself and stated that the pres. ent cost of production and continua tion of high transportation rates would cause the farmer to produce fewer crops next year. Even with conditions as they are at present in many parts of the west, farms will not be operated next year and a still larger acreage will be seeded to grass. Thompson, of Chicago, to Congress man Martin B. Madden, of Illinois. He is the third to reach home out of 10 birds from the farm, which wero CINCINNATI MARKETS. Hay and Grain. I . tint - m n iinr ..Tl"U7. ..... w liberated as part of the Chicago white .V,0.Vi4. No. 4 white MMf, Pageant of Progress, July 30. I S yellow mff."c. No. 4 yellow M One of these broke a world's record ' n,'"u by covering the 6141 miles in 27 Sound Hay Timothy per too $14.r0 of Albert Jacobson, expert I Wheat No. 2 red $l.2412. No. which will give impartial, disinterest ed advice to everybody engaged in truck operation. A f ull statement of , hours elapsed time, which, in the' 19-'. ,o' $!' 17. any tire problem from any truck op erator in the world will bring a de lta iled reply from the Department giv ing the latest scientific information on the points involved. Making a complete line cf tires, the company need favor no type above another. As the largest rubber company in the world has a large staff of chemical opinion in charge of homing pigeons, means les sthan 16 hours actual flying. This bird bore a message from Mayor Thompson to President Hardin;. The speed with which he covered the distance seemed to indicate that he realized the importance of his errand, but when he arrived at the home loft and engineering experts which is ne wag so overcome with modesty made available to the truck operator ,ne dipped in without even ringing thru the Technical Service Depart-! h signal. Sunt. Jacnhsnn had hen ment, HAS THE TIDE TURNED The Farmer's buying power re covered a slight fraction of its for mer stature during July, according to the wholesale prices Index num bers issued by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. For the "farm products" group the index number was 115, or 15 percent higher than in 1913. For the month of June it was 113. The July figure is the same as in April. The index number for the "foods" group also advanced from 132 in June to 134 in July. This group in cludes a number of commodities. such as beans, butter, cheese, eggs, fruit, milk, rice, onions and potatoes, which are not included in the farm oroducta group. These changes may indicate that SWIFT PRODUCE REVIEW making hourly visits to the loft and found him there, and the record was I officially clocked at the homing pige. Continued declines have been noted on ciUD. The shortest actual flvinir in the butter market during the week,itime ever ma(je before between the1 2-. J but at the close the market b . two points was 25 hours. i $'G0.5O. ' S red 1.22'tf 1.2. No. 4 red 1I.1U31.2L utter, Eggs and Poultry.' Butter Whole milk creamery extras 44c, cent rallied extma 42c, Units 37c, fancy dairy 33c. Ems Extra firsts 33c, firsts 31c, ordinary firsts 27c. Live Poultry Broilers 2 lbs and over 22c, fowls 4 lbs and over 21c, under 4 lbs 10c. roosters 13c. Live Stock. Cattle Steers, good to choice $7.70 S9..V). fair to good $U .Via 7.75, common I to fair $ti8.Vl, heifers, good to choice .:j8. fair to good $.vrofcrt..-.o. common to fair I40.V.V); cancers fl.riO It heifer KU' stock steers firmed up with improved demand from the retail trade. Heavy volume of live poultry reaching the market has resulted in lower quotations on both live and dressed poultry. Poultry plants generally have suf ficient help to take care of average receipts, but any sudden large in crease in volume would make it dif ficult to handle. Even marketing is therefore suggested. The second bird, bearing a message to Congressman Britton, arrived Aug ust 7. Another, bearing a duplicate message, reached Drv Fork. V'a.. F . U'kupa it iuirtm. httllatfirl And Ull' taken in by a farmer. What misad ventures befell the latest arrival in his 18-day Journey the attendants are unable to tell. It is supposed that . . , t; i . . I ne Decame weax ana was ooiigeu io stop and search for food and shelter. That he was able to resume his C'ulves-M;HMl io choice $10 IOTA fair to good $7(110, common and large $y'tfO..'iO. Sheep flood to rholco $84. fair to good $.'f.1. co ion Hfcl-.'iO, laiuhs, good to rhu ce $10.30 11, larue good $7 V 10.50. Hogs Heavy $8..Hi ', choice packers and hiit. lieis 'J.'aO 7. me dium '.)". coinii'oii to choice heavy fat sows $1ft.7V Hk'1't shippers $1) 73, pigs (110 lbs und leas) $ujU. Belttville as a remarkable exhibition of the homing instinct. Egg production is about normal friflil.nt and find his way is regarded at this season of the year, but, because of inferior quality, only a small pro portion of the eggs will command top prices. Better care and attention on the farm and more frequent market ing will result in higher prices being paid to the producers. PLUCKY PIGEON KINDS WAY HOME AFTER EIGHTEEN , DAYS Seventeen days behind his fastest companion, a wind-buffeted but plucky homing pigeon punhed thru the trap that rings the automatic bell at the United States Department of Agriculure poultry husbandry farm at Bel U villa Wednesday morning bearing a message from May TEACH Y0U.ro LULL TO LEAD Calf Can Be Haltsr Broksn With Little Effort If Taksn in Hand at Right Time. A bull Unit Is to he kept for sen Ice should I Imik'lil to lead while he N a small calf, lie can be halter hmken at this time w ith a few mluules' effnrt. He should not only be tsughl to Imd without a tight rope, but also shuuld he tauitht to stand. If given this lee son while young, In after life, when he Is lel out for vlsftors to look over or to be photographed, be makes a umcb better sppesrauca. Heard In Court Judge You say the prisoner Is not Insane, and yet he Is not in his right mlndT How Is that? Witness Ixts of people, your honor, who are not Insane are wrong minded about everything. Affectionate Pair. Husband f course, my desr, I have my faults Wife I shouM have to have very keen vision to detect your virtues. "Bui. my desr, you ran find fault with your eyes shut." Equal Footing. Cultured One The scenario la a wonderful form of expression, but It will never he on the same basla as music and poetry. Movie Kan Why not T It's measured by the foot I Klliu Kun. THE CINCINNATI HEALTH EXPOSITION In these days the growing scare tity of country doctors is presenting a real problem to the rural com munities. We regard as being of vital importance any responsible movement calculated to enlarge the resources of Rural Folk in the matter of safeguarding health. Cincinnati Heftlth Exposition, moted by the Chamber of Commerce, is a worthy enterprise, and we hope that many of our readers will attend sometime between October 15 and 22. Bringing back memories of the great World'a Pairs of the past, and linking their accomplishments with the wonderful progress made in the industrial and scientific world since those wonderful exhibitions, is the great Cincinnati Health Exposition, to be held in Music Hall, Cincinnati, Ohio, October 15 to 22. One of the main features of this exposition which is attracting the at tention of the rountry'a greateet health expert is Rural Sanitation day, when Dr. C. L. Lumsden, United States Public Health Service, will be one of the principal speakers. With the cooperation of Dr. C. A. Neal, District Board of Health Com missioner, a program of special in terest to farmers and their families has been prepared and many attrac tions of vital importance to those who live in rural communities will be displayed. Rural Sanitation Day will bring to Cincinnati a notable gathering from farming communities thruout th whole of the Ohio valley. Realising the tremendous importance of the health of the farmer and his family, the exposition committee has ar ranged a program for Rural Sanita tion Day, that will show in a com prehensive and simple manner the way the farmer can best safeguard hii own health and that of his family- The lectures and exhibits will be on the simplest possible scale and tho they will not be couched in hirh ly scientific terms will, nevertheless, be based on the results of years of investigation by officials of the Uni ted States Public Health Service and other organisations. A definite program for the safe guarding of the health of those who live where doctors and nurses are not available at -a few minutes notice aa in the cities, will be outlined, and special stress will be laid on the pre- The vention and treatment of tho diseases pro- and ailments which frequently pre sent a tremendous problem to the who live in the rural communities. The exposition haa received the en dorsement of President Harding, Gov ernor Harry L. Davis, of Ohio, and the Mayors and Health Commis sioners of thousands of cities thru out the whole country. The most prominent health experts in America have accepted invitation J to lecture on various heslth matters during the exposition. The program will be varied by showing mo-ion pictures depicting the simplest meth ods of safeguarding the public health and Interesting pageants prepared by members of the local health exposi tions. The entire exposition will be one of motion and every afternoon and eve ning during the week of October 15 22 the great auditorium of Music Hall, capable of seating more than 3,fi00 persons, will be the scene of a variety of demonstrations and lec tures by national, state and local leaders in health activities. The exposition seeks to teach tho road to health. The Brlghtsr Oan. A hula lliim with sorrow-. Bui In hr dark! alcht Ws lin-mii of a loruniruw l'nullrably brlshll -Purple Cew. Sttting ths Pace. Ted Tom lum aiilil his race horseo and InveKii-il In a cur. Neil - lie Mild lie wanted something that had a little M'el. No such Luck. ' "lo )oii think we are going to btvej, au early fallT" "No of prices. "