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. The Citizen
Devoted to ttie In.teresto of ttie 3Sovintaln. .People BEREA PUBLISHING CO. (INCOftrbMTED) MARSHALL L VAUGHN. Um Our Threefold Aim: To gio th Newt of BerM and Vicinity To Record the Happenings of BerM College; To bo of IntOToat to all the Mountain People. JAMS . U1NBAIDT i BaUi4 mi t flsut al Dm K.. as fBTCRW W. J f MOTIMf ! f, YW V Vol. XXITJ. Fir Centa Par Copy BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1921 Ona Dollar and Fifty Cent Per Year No. 12 500 PERISH IN TEXAS FLOOD Police Report Heavy Loss of Life at San Antonio River Overflows Banks. 24 CLOCKS UNDER WATER uelneee District Inundated All the Available Soldier From Fort tarn Houston tent to City t ' Aid In Reecue Work. Hun Antonio. Tex.. Sept. li With estimate of (lie deed running as high aa one thousand and prorty damage believed to nmO $3,tlU0.UUO, this city Is la the grip of the worst flood la It history. Every building la the bust none district stands In water ten feet devp during the high water mark of the raging water, while a vent section of the residential section la auh mergeri. The estimate of the dead i was given out by Mayor O. It. Black. Twenty-one bodies, moetly those of women and children, have been recov ered. Prom every (tart of the flooded area reporta of additional dead bodle are being brought In and aa rapidly aa poaaihla they are being gathered for Identification. The greatest loss of Ufa wa In the Mexican settlement In the western part of the city, where the food watera engulfed hundreds of home before their occupants had a chance to make their way to safety. The south section of the city was also heavily hit by the swirling watera Hundreds of home In this district were swept from their foundation and dnahed to destruction against each other. Ked Cross worker were or tiered to the city by Acting Eighth Corps Area Commander Oen. John Hlnes to assist In tho relief work. Hao Antonio, Tea., Sept. 12. Swollen by heavy rains of the Isat two days, San Antonio river and Alasaa creek overflowed into the dowulown business district of Santa Antonio, spreading over an area of about 24 block and Inundating ground floor of many of the prominent building of the city. The ioa of life waa rati- V ATthVofllee of the Han Antnnlokx prea the water reached Into the Brat floor at 12:43 a. m. and a few hoar later telephone and telegraph connec tion waa severed. The embankments protecting ML Mary's street broke ahortly after mid night and the water swept down ML Mary's street through. Houston and Na varre street Into the heart of the city. Five ".sported Missing. Klve iieraoiia were reported mistilng Cliarle tJrnnt and wife and Mr. Anna Klam'and two children. Ity midnight scores of families liv ing along the river in the northern part of the city and along the banks of Alazau creek had been taken from their homes l)' ollce. tlremeu and vol unteer rescue worker. All avallulile soldiers from Fort Sam Houston were sent Into the city to aid In rescue work along Kiver avenue, where the water is reported eight feel di-ep. Merchant were busy all night re moving their stocks and good lute placea of anfety when the water roite Into the ground floors of the principal downtown building. The tiiiutur hotel ami oNW Imlldlng and the Kready building were among those where the water had reached the flrt floor by one o'clock. ' Outside telephone communication Willi- Hun Antonio wa cut oh curly this niorulng uml the city was thrown Into darkness when the wuler fliaaled tlie Miwer pin lit.. Tornado Hit Austin. The eastern business district, the lowest part of the clly, wu covered with water several feet deep. At Austin, Tex., the heavy nilnatoriii was preceded hy a tornado which Mlruck South Austin and neurhy vil luges, bringing Injury to a doxen per aons and causing heavy proH-rty daqi Hg. iltttcliil ut Austin were watching closely the rle of .he Colorado river on account of the Austin diuu. liver ten Inches of ruin wu reported at Austin, with the storm uniiliiited. A rainfall at Sun Antonio wa re- I mm-ted a seven Inches In the pust two dny. Houses Washed Away. The ui en I est prorty ilinniige thus far reorted In Still Anlonlo hu lieea along Aliuim creek, where a iiiiuilier t dwelling were washed from their foundations. Panama la Dissatisfied. l'miam. Appointment of Prof Juhu Hujford, of Northwestern University, and Prof. Or Miner Le laud, of Cornell I'ulveisliy. by Chlel JustUe W. 11. Tuft, of the I'ulled ' State Supreme. Court, aa member ul a commission, to lay out the bouudury between Costa l.'ca and rauama. u . oppoaad by the Pausman tioveruiueuL UHiclala her have advised the Stat lieisartmciit In Wahliigtou that Pan ama refuse to recogulta to validity of the uoiiiinutiotia. MEADE MEMORIAL THING OF BEAUTY STATUE tOON TO BI PLACED IN THE BOTANICAL GARDENS IN WASHINGTON. COMPARES WELL WITH ANY Figure of the Battle f Gettysburg Victor, Mad by Charts Qrealy, I of Hereio tie, Surrounded by Allegorical Figures. By EDWARD . CLARK. Washington. What I conceded, to be on of tho handsomest works of art of It kind aver erected In the District of Columbia, Is the Meade Memorial, which will be placed In posi tion In the botanic gardens ahortly. This tribute to MaJ. Oen. Ceorge (1. Meade, who commanded the army of the Potomac at the battle of Gettys burg. Is In he In the form of a white stone statue of hemic sIm and with an elaborate base. It will serve aa a companion piece to the Orsnt memo rial In the botanic gardena. Pol. Clarence O. Sherrlll. superin tendent of public building and grounds, la of the opinion that the the Meade memorial "I" compare favorably with any park statue any where In the world. It la the work of Charles Groaly of Olo -center. Ms., designer and sculptor, who has worked for more than si year on the crea tion of the statue. II already haa started cutting the statue from stone, following design submitted and ap proved hy the line art commission, and In the meantime the work of con structing the base In the botanic gar den Is nnder way. Will Portray Virtus. In describing the memorial. Colonel Sherrlll said: "The problem provoked by the chosen alte for the Meade memorial dictated a form which should he equal In Interest and fullne of workman ship from every vantage point. Work ing upon thl basis, the artist con ceived a circle of figure which Should embody the qnilttle which aro essen tial to the character of a great geo rral Tt-rr Hi, Bnalltlrs MITIMTT Cowraga. ' Rosary. Turn, Loyalty. Chivalry and Progreaa while recog nising their origin In tho spirit of war, look toward Oen era! Meade a the composite of their several vir tue. "The figure of General Meade la thna rendered the center of the artis tic design, and the focal point In the Imaginative conception. He stand, his work acctanpllshed, ready to step forth from the cloak of battle Into the future era of progress. Chivalry (at hi light) and Loyalty (at hi left). hold hark the cloak, while loyalty also raises aloft over Meade'a head a stand ard of wreath and garland. In com memoration of a great achievement. Fame and Progress occupy the central position (right and left) on either side of the group. Pregres Shewn Ideal. "The figure of Progress, on tlie oth er hand, I dynnmlc In the strength of It own potentialities. It Is a fit! lire which more nearly spproximate the Ideal, and which will gather from It own being the wings of action. To Its left. Mllltnry CoiirnKe clings with bulldog tenacity to the dominant fig ure of the rcr group. War, from which It take Its lielng To the left of War the figure of F.hergy yielding to the urge of r'linre. loosen hi grasp iin the arm of War. aqulver for the great er achievement )et to come. War. It elf, occupying the central pimltioti In the rear group, a massive architec tural figure, tinrhnnglng and unchanged lne war first ravaged the world, holda In his grim clutch two memorial tablet. Ill wing In long sweeping curve, stretch toward the standard which Loyalty hold above the head of Meade. The aide groiipa are thus outlined against the ominous ahadow of the wlnics of War. "Prom the grim determination of Military Courage through the figure of Knergy to the figure of Chivalry and Loyalty, the urce Is onward and for ward toward Progress snd Fame, ivhlch, alone, of the group have th Niw;er lo move with (ieneral Meade nfo the accomplishment of the fu ture. AIiIihiil'Ii hi dnrk wings may ai ry hltn through other age and oth r lands. War will ever remain the .nine, iincliiiuglni!. Put the grest gen ml will move forward, leaving Imlilnd him the static, symbol I xeit In the flg. re of wiir and of military courage. The command I 'forward !' j "Lost BattalldnTITFound. A "lost battalion" of marine, .ll officer and 274 men, ha bean formally found hy th Navy de liartnient. Since August, 11)17. tho Sattallon ha been stationed at Ca magiiey, Cuba, In th very heart of the island, with no apparent reason for it being kept on aiicn an assignment Inca the day of the war. The discovery of the "missing" ma in was made hy .aslslanl Secretary Hooaevelt, after dint of much search- vf I View oi Simla. It litis India, where aeriou disturbances nave broken oui. . t lrt pnotogrupli oi imil Ktresnn In session debating fha Llaya Oeorge proposals. S Wreck of th Zlt-2 photugraphed Just after the great airship fell Into the H amber river at Hull. Ing of records and fnnulry among ma rine! officer. The hunt wa started i the result of the recent Incident In ( 'a maguey when marine kicked up some excitement In the Cuban town nfter Le Roy Foster, an American en gineer and former navy officer had tveen attacked and beaten hy Cuban. "What are the marines doing In CamagueyT' Mr. Roosevelt ssked him self, after looking at the map of Cuba And the question waa asked by other eo,uslly curious. Nobody seemed to know. Major Ueneral lejuene, com niandaut of the corp said they war there all right, but could vouchsafe no additional information. The navy list howed marine otttcer regularly as signed to th Ca maguey post, but th warrant for such duty seemed to bo lacking. Sent te Guard Sugar Properties,. Finally red-taped psper were found which showed that, heck In 1917, ahortly after Cuba en'ered the war on the heel of th L'nlted State, th Cuban government had requested tho State department to permit th sta tion log ( American sjamrlna at Cama- srtlsa there against pro-Uerman plots. Th American government, anslou to con servo th sugar supply, aent the marine from the Uuaotanamo naval base, and there they have been ever Ince. ' Only diplomatic negotiation probably caa remove them. Th Navy department and the marine corps wilt see that they are there until called off by the President. Nurwaw Training School. Uncle Sara ha Just inaugurated a training school for nurses. The coursea will be for four year, and th training will be under the direct u liervlsion of the l'nlted State public health service, with headquarter in thl city. Among the Inducement to youdg women to enroll I the govern men!' guarantee to house, feed and train them, besides the payment of 10 a month during the first three years, and 140 month during th final year. The students also will he presented with diploma when they become pro ficient, and will he given opportunities to assist In caring for disabled mili tary patient. The first schools are at Port Mo Henry, llaltlmore, and at Fog Hills, Staten Island. Other schools wilt he oMned loiter In the year, and they will be conducted at certain hospital of the public health service. Inert is of Pallagra. Despite the Indignant denial of some of the sou f hern states, It appears likely that there will be a decided Increase In the extent of pel lagra In the South this year. Surgeon Ceneral dimming, head of the public health service, recently sent to Presi dent Harding a letter which, It I de tiured, confirm this view. The letter recount that the confer ence of health official which met re cently In Washington had objected principally to the allegation that pel lagra wu on the Increase, and that the Increase wa caused by a "fam ine." ' . "In so fur as the use of the word 'famine' U concerned," IfcKlor Cum- mlng wrote, "the puMIc health serv-1 Ire pointed out that It had used the! term In a scientific, restricted sense, referring to a diet vvh'i'h lacked some essential element of nutrition." I Met or Cumiiilng remarked 'hat the, state health officers presen. a I the conference hud voted against the fol lowing chins in a resolution kuhioit ted by ulie of their, im-iuhers : "We do not regard the sliuuilon In Hiiy sense as more serious thun In the last severul years." Marked Incrsa Shewn. The letter said lliMt, with the excep tion of Mississippi, no reliable mor bidity statistics were available from the South, but that Mississippi figures showed ladlugra bad doubled In that state In tho lirst alt month of IWJl. A memorandum aa attuched lo the White Houso. stutcujeijt tiubodylug (he (Continued on Pago Eight) lazes ssMsii3M IMMEDIATE RELIEF PROPOSED FOR RAILROADS President May Act Without Awaiting Aproval of Congres .Washington, Sept 14. It haa been stated by high government official that the administration ia consider ing the possibility of providing finan cial relief for tho railroad by begin ning; tho funding; of railroad claim without awaiting- congressional ac tion. President Harding, it was explain ed, has th authority to fund tho rail road claim without further legisla tion. The President, official declared, may sell tho $380,000,000 worth of car trust certificates held by the rail road administration whenever mar ket condition permit of their dis posal at par. I He could make the sales, official aMt eagar- fn&fli, .either with or without th aa sisunce oi in war finance iorpo ration, which under pending legisla tion, is th agency designed to handle th funding operations. The return from the sale of the certificate, amounting in the neigh borhood of $400,000,000, then would be available for further railroad financing. Sale of the railroad securities, it was indicated, would await satisfac tory market conditions, but the ad ministration was understood to be lieve, an early return of the market tp a 8 per cent basis was not far dis. tant. t It i believed by may that the im mediate funding of the railroad claim would go far toward reducing unemployment, aa it is conservately estimated that with the financial re lief obtained it would mean the em ployment of a million more men. A considerable part of the existing unemployment, it is said, is duo to the position in which the railroads find themseves short of funds anl unable to make their normal pur chase and do their normal repair and equipment work. POLISH CABINET RESIGNS Ministry of Prtmiar Wito Walk Out In Body Assumed Offic July 24, 1920. Warsaw, Sept. 12. The Polish cab met, headed by Vincent Wltoa, re signed. M. Wito assumed the pre miership on July 24. 11KJO. In May he tendered his resignation to 1'resJ.lcnt I'ilHiidskl as a result of the Inahilliy of the government to solve the t'piier SUeslau pr lileih. The resignation whs not accepted, however, the president maniiglng to Induce M. Wltos to re new his effort to reconstruct the ciili Inet. GRECO-TURK FIGHTING STOPS Both Armiss Resting After Many Wk ef Arduous Hos tilities. Oreek fieiieral Headquarter In Asia Minor, Sept. 12. Hostilities between the (frock and Turk nationalists eased Tuesday for the first time after nittliy week of warlike ota-ratlons. I loth armies are taking a rest after the arduous lighting thai lias taken pluce since the beginning of the of fensive. (Constantinople dlspatchea Indicated the Creeks were withdrawing In Asia Minor, but that the Turk would be unable to follow them owing to their exhaustion. It wa aald thai the tirtek drive toward Augora had failed.) U. S. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE GETS LEGION'S CHALLENGE Debate On Soldier Bona Measure Proposed Washington, Sept. 14. Officials of the United States Chamber of Com merce have been challenged by tho American Legion to debate tho sol diers' adjusted compensation issue thruout the country. In an open letter sent to tho chamber by tho national legislative committee of the legion, it is sug gested that the chamber send offi cials and representatives to meet tho legion officials "in any city in the country, or in every city in the coun try where there ia a hall available and an audience interested." "You say that the adjusted com pensation or bonus bill is not gener ally understood," the legion chal lenge says. "Th American Legion is willing and anxious to do its share in making if understood, and to abide by the consequences. Is th Chamber of Commerce of tho United States like-minded or is it determined to continue it pussy-foot campaign of pamphleteering T" In explaining why the legion is asking- the chamber to take part in a nation-wide joint debate on adjust ed compensation for veterans of the World War, John Thomas Taylor, vice chairman of the national legis lative committee of the legion, issued a statement, in part, as follows: "The Chamber of Commerce of tho United States thru resolutions adopt ed at its last annual convention at Atlantic City, April 27-29, went on record as in favor of such construc tive messures as msy be distinctly calculated to enable ex-service men to cultivate the soil, build homes or obtain vocational education, but as opposed to a cash bonus." Since that time its publicity bureau here in Washington has been bombarding the country with hand-outs and pamphlets attacking the adjusted compensation or bonus bill now pend ing in Congress. "Representing, or supposedly rep resenting, big business, the chamber has made itself spokesman for not only the opposition to the cash pay ment feature of the bill, but to all other features of it, including even those features which its national convention expressly approved. Both in and out of the legion, among all ex-service men there is a wide spread feeling that the chamb er's statements should not be permit ted to go unchallenged. Telegrams and letters from ex-service men pour ing in to legion headquarters sug gests that officials of the chamber be asked to meet ex-service men in public debate. It is therefore for tho purpose of carrying the issue to the country as to which is right, tho ex service men of the country, or the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, that the American Legion, has challenged officials of tho chamber in a series of joint debate tbruout the country.. Pittilesa instead of pitiful publicity we ask th Chamber of Commerce to throw on th issue." ILL AT PARTY, ACTRESS DIES Miss Virginia Repp. Motion Pictur Player, I Stricken at Le Angtl. Sun Fraiiclscii, Sept. 1'.'. Stricken while attending a party given hy ino rlou picture people and others at a hotel here, Miss Virginia ltape, I Angeles motion picture a.lress, died here. A post mortem examination per formed waa said hy physicluna to have Indicated that ah succumbed to Hr. toultUi. WorldNews By. J. R. Robertson, Professor History snd Political Science Iterea College The coming conference on disarm ament i easily the foremost matter of interest among the nation. Tho scope of the conference is becoming more clear from occasional otter snres of our President. It is to aim only at partial disarmament and that for economic reasons rather than humanitarian. The people are being gradually led to Understand that there is to be no attempt to establish any "association of nations" but that the U. S., a in the past, will be content to act Independently, offering its good services in the interest of peace, when any specific occasion srises. The League of Nations is not even to be recognised as exist ing at all. Tho General Assembly of tho League of Nations is in session at Geneva. The foreign secretary of Holland was chosen president. An impending conflict between Chile and Bolivia was averted for a time at least by postponing their problem to a later date. The matter of mandate seems to be tho subject that demands immediate attention, and the As sembly is irritated that its commis sion hss not made more progress. A note from the American Secretary of State was sent to each nation in tho Leaa-ue. . defining the ris-hta of our country in any territories assigned a mandates. The apparently intentional nubbins; of the Leasrue bv address ing the members individually ia a subject of comment A good deal of interest haa been expressed in regard to the contest for the Davis cup for the world champion ship in tennis. The competition waa between Japanese players and Ameri can. Tho U. S. won by three to two. - Such contests are valuable fac tors in th more serious internation al relations. It waa not long ago that th boxing . match between a Frenchman and an American at tracted world-wide interest. ' Tho yacht races between England and the U. S. have done much to create bet ter feeling. Tho revival of tho Olym pic games brings the athletes of many nations into friendly competi tion. A little more of the sporting spirit in international affairs would be a benefit to all. An interesting and significant event occurred during the week at Blaine, Washington. This place is located on the Pacific Highway that runs up the coast and! crosses into British Columbia at that point. Just at the border of the American and Canadian sections an architectural portal or gateway was erected ss a memorial of the peace that has ex isted for over hundred years along a border of approximately three thousand miles. The occasion brot together ten thousand people who participated enthusiastically in the dedication of the memorial. The English cabinet have sent its reply to the note of the Irish leaders and the Dail Eireann. King George is taking sn unusually active part in this difficult problem and by this re moves much of the criticism from his prime minister, whoso enemies would cause his downfall if possible. The answer agrees to a conference, but only on the basis of Irelsnd's continuance in the Empire. Tho English by this act agree to the Irish demand for popular sovereignty as a basis of settlement. It remains to see how the two can be harmonized. The tone of the notes on both sides is growing better, and there is less threat of force and more of a de sire to rest on facts and reason. The first renewal of diplomatic re lations with the power recently at war with the United States is with Hungury. Count Paul Teleka. tho new ambassador, is in this coun try now and is serving in his of ficial relation. He was one of tho speakers at the Institute of Politics, being held st Williams College, and aroused some opposition by his defense of Hungary's policy of Magyarixing her population belong ing to other races and nationalities. Particular objection was mad to hi comparison of hi country's policy with that of tho U. S. toward her foreign population.