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BEREA PUBLISHING CO.
(INCOWPORATU) MARSHALL L VAUGHN.) IAMU m. KMHAIDT a Sill Urn mt tm. Hi. ttmmi ato f1i at tana, a ' mmU wilw, 94mr AM tf Man. (IT. sTatMfl'Awnl JkVvpy J VHiiritty 4 MwMi 4Cv vol xxni. COUNTRY PAPER GUARDS NATION Rise Promptly and Capably to Every Emergency. IS KOT ALWAYS APPRECIATED CimMi Interests of Mate ef Popula te Avoiding Sensationalism, In Ita Clean Whotssomenesa le Its A p. peal te Beet Clasa of Cltiieno Country Press a National Fewer. y WNIOHT A. PATTERSON. The country niiomuiiltice the vll Uce, the small liiwt and the amall cli) are ttie luuklxMie of the Ameri can nation. They are the rotumunltle t Which thai imilim tnma In time of dtatreaa and emerseiicy. They are even iimm IIimii the backbone of the nation. They art the bulwark of enr moileru cl titration. Juat at the do f the World war. Mr. Italfour. for-e-iirii Minister of tlreat Britain, anld to the writer In Uin that the entire civilised world mtit I.nIc to the wuall lew ita of Amerli-a lo preaerve fur the world the civilization that It had taken eentarte to hiiliil. because the small vt.wns represented a suhatstitfal solld Ity that the trcmendnua upheaval of the war had not affected, ami It waa only eurh a foundation that would preserve the structure of Hvlllrutlon. The cement that keeps the Mople of thexe country coimuunltiea toKether, working and thlnldjig along uniformly aane and cafe lines, that make of there that "auhatautlal solidity" on which world civilization can rrly for a foundation, la the country preaa the village, tke amall town and the mall City newspaper. Country Paper Wholesome. The country newapaper goes to Ita radrs devoid of that sensationalism that la ao prominent In the metropoli tan papers. It carries to Its readers The news Items that represent the Joya and sorrows of their friends and neighbors, and keepa the heart of the people of the community lieatlng In iioIhoq, It gov to Its readers with thai earn aod kludly" advice on local, state, national aad world problems; aovtce that la. VN result of thought and study beside the bearthatonea' of the nation, and not In the selfish marts of trade or the hrlshtllgbta of city frivolity. It goes with the influence of a known and respected member of the community Its editor back of Its every word, Ita every opinion. It goes to a people, the people of the country rumraunlrlca and the farms, that are more capable of thinking along sane, unselfish anil practical lines than are tboee who are surrounded by the elfish and many times evil Influences or the large r It Ira. But the influence of the country newapaiHT goea far beyond the com munity In which It la printed. Na 1 tonal leglalutora In the halls of con gress realle thut thla Influence la a power t I'e reckoned with. That when the country preaa s'prsks In uni son on any national subject It Is but voicing the ntlinents of that mighty force the eple of the country com inunltleH. the people In who hands, ays Mr. But four, reata the deatlny of world civilisation. Fights for Entire Country. Tlie country preaa represents and rights for thoM thing that are of value to the country ciHutnunlliea. realizing Ibat In doing ao It U rUhtlnx for thoae tilings that are heat fr the nation and for the world. It work and fights lo upbuild the country com uiunlty. ! prvM'iit Ita fulling a irey to the aelllsli greed of the cllie. U champion the Inixiuea. the social, the educational, the agricultural, the In dustrial Interest of the country coin- MICKIE SAYS EXTRA! NOV. 12 0UH UOeAEtDvaU PaVfe" vjeek fWAW The Citizen Devoted, to tlie Intereste of tlie aotinteLln People Hv Cent Per Ccpy niunlty not liuik any aelllah angle, hut from the broader viewpoint of na tional good. Mom three or four months ago there was before Congress a bill on which the press of the country wns divided. (The magazine, the big na tional weeklies, the farm preaa snd the metropolian dully psiiers were im one side and the country newmer were on the other aide. The paage of the bill would mean. creating an op portunlty for a greater centralization of Ihe merchandliilng of the nation In a few large cities with a ciaiaequetit injury to the amall cities and town, ami lo the people of tlie cities and towns and the farms surroumlliiK them. The country pre fought for the defeat of Ihe hill, and In the end the members of' the committee in hose haiida the fate of the hill retef IWtened to the country r Imx-sunc they renllzed thai Ihe nelfnre of these country conunuiiltles repreaenled the heat interests . uf the natron as a whole, and the hill waa killed I Miring our portltipntmu in the WorJd ar the rountr) pri-w atoml -alunchly ami liiielllhly buck uf the nation. It did nothing to create di acnaliHi anions, the people during the time of emergency? hut It did carry to Its readers a continuous message of piitrlolUin and hathwial unity. In each community it wiped away much of factloiiHl lltM-a, ami created au atmos phere of Intense Americanism that welded Ihe Amerlcnn people together regardlesa of plat of birth or an cestry. i Country Press Deserves Wall. The country proas deserves well of the people of the nation, and especial ly of the people of the cottntrj com munities. Individually these papera may not be large lo alxe as compared with the city papera. but quantity la not the measure of their value. They are worth both directly and Indirect ly far more than their aubscrtptlon price. Kor that price they bring t yon each week tha new of your friends and acquaintances. To those whn have left the country home to go either to the city or to some other country home, tha country newspaper Is a welcome weekly letter that keeps there In touch with friends and for mer asaodatee. To those at home It carries the news af their friends aud neighbors. It records the births and deaths, the marriages, the coming and goings of those In whom you are Interested. It furnuuioa tha medium of publicity through which work for a better and stronger community is maintained. It voices the consensus of opinion of ITie conuT5Tf$"l4,''tn'a'' representative la the halls of the state and national legislators. It la the paper of. for and by the poPle of the village, the towns and the small cities. No country paper worthy of the name ever seeks the support of the people of its community on any other ground thau thst of giving more than full value for all that it receives. Yoh aid yourself, ytftjr community, your atate and the nation when you supiort and 'read your own "Home Town I'aper." OLD HOME TOWN PAPER ' TO HAVE A WEEK Nation Wide Campaign Launched for November 7-12 Flkee in Commu nity Life Emphasised. November 7-12 hn been set s "Snh scribe for Your Home Town rnirr Week," and tlii newajmiicr. laipemcr with the thoUMiuils of count rv ihu papers the I'nited Hi a I cm over tlere are not far from l.ikN) oftlicni. wh iles and small dnllles I to ..u"l.'i pate. Ilia purpom- of the campaign is not only to Iniluce rvldeuts of the email communities and the home town folk who are far from their native heath to subscribe for the home ftaper, hut also to emphasize the Importuut place tha home new (paper plays In the life of Its community. This campaign hits the hearty sup port and co-oiieratluii not ouly of the newspapers but thousands of minis ters and school principals, and many atata agricultural colleges and farm and home bureau organisations. , 8ome persona, It la pointed out, have been Inclined to belittle the placo and function of tho country newspaper. They have not reallied that In reality tha home pnier Is a community Insti tution and tliMt It enablea tho other Institutions, such as the church and the school ami all the rest to function better and inure effectively. That It Is a tieceHlty If the town la to advance. Iiurlng the time between now ami "Home Town Taper Week," Novem ber thi iii-w-Hpaper In Us rot ucins wlli hate mm h to say about the Home Town I'lipcr not this newMpn per lu parttrul.ir, but the home town paper the u'ltion over, the home towu newspaiier a a real and dlum lie factor In American Ufa. TjT The of voice the com VLjl rn unity, the record of JU iu history in the &r chive of state and nation, it the Home Town Taper. Subscribe for Your Home Town Paper Week, Nc. 7-12 BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, y Home Town hello tail OAT5 ARE GETTING A tWEREPO BORROW, WELL Wt 6ET ALL YOUR 1R0UPLE A4Alf. (HO.IPIPNT HFARMWT That INFORMATiOH v L r OLD FIDDLERS' CONTEST Friday night at 7:30 o'clock there will be an old fiddlers' contest in Richmond. The contest is open to all fiddlers of the "old school" and liberal prizes will be awarded the winners. The contest ia to take place in the Normal School chapel. Admission 25 cents. BEREA AND - RICHMOND POSTS MEET TO ARRANGE FOR JOINT ARMISTICE PAY . CELEBRATION . ' - m t ,. n .1 ' '.::lLl ' Plana for a Joinr"celebration of Armistice Day, November 11th, were laid at a meeting held jointly by rep resentatives of Jesse M. Dykes Post, of Richmond, and Cleveland Frost Poet, of Berea, of the American Le gion, at the Kenmadrich restaurant at Richmond Tuesday night Read announcement in this issue of The Citizen. - CAR STOLEN FROM BUSINESS MAN IN BEREA' It is reported that a car belonging to J. W. Purkey was stolen some time Saturday night. The car was driven out of town about one and one half miles, and near the Silver Creek bridge, practically all the portable parts of the car' were carried away. No trace of the thieves has been found. SENATE VOTES ON PANAMA CANAL TOLLS Borah Bill Passes 47 to 37 Washington, Oct 18. The question of free pasaage of tTie Panama Canal by American coastwise veesela is now up to the House. The senate by a vote of 47-37 passed the Borah bill exempting American coastwise ship ping from the payment tolls. Before a final vote the Senate de feated without a roll call two sub stirutes offered by Senator King, of Utah, Democrat, authorizing the President to negotiate the arbitra tion of the tolls question. Opponents of the bill declared it waa inopportune, while Senator Borah, Republican, Idaho, declared he had talked with President Harding and Secretary Hughes and they did not share such views. Twelve Democrats Join Twelve Democrats voted for the bill on the roll call, while seventeen Republicans voted in opposition, so ' that the Democratic support was re ' garded wt the determining factor, i It is considered probable that the nouns will take no action on the tolls J bill until after the limitation of arms I ments conference. In referring to the armaments conference, Senator Borah aaid ha did not understand that this conference will involve the United States bartering away any substantial right. "I have talked with those most re sponsible for and concerned in tbt conference, he added; "I have had a full understanding and . discussion. The fears expressed are not shared by them.! KENTUCKY, OCTOBER 20, 1921. Paper Week, November 7-2 J mane yovrS5T f TrirT5 HEW 5 CeAWlATE T6r To ne , 1T f IMF Y HAlt A NtN PAWrlltKi FOUR VETERANS' SCHOOLS URGED BY COL. FORBES Burrsu Director's Plan Will Elimin ate "Farming Out" of Former . Service Men Scores Present Method firat Camp Will Be Opened at Camp Sherman, Ohio. . - (The Columbus Dispatch) '.Washington, Oct 6. Establish ment of at least four national schools to train ex-service men In all phases jaejluji chosen -vocations, the tech nique as well as the fundamentals, yesterday . was proposed by Col Charles R. Forbes, director of the United States veterans' bureau. It has been definitely decided that the first of this group of schools shall be opened at Camp Sherman, Ohio. The plans which Colonel Forbes said would entirely eliminate the "farming out" of veterans of the World Wsr to commercial and indus trials institutions, were made public simultaneously with the presentation of his report to President Harding on the conclusions reached as a result of his recent nation-wide inspection tour. "From the investigation I have made on the subject of vocational ed ucation, as now being conducted by the government," said Colonel Forbes, "I am convinced that our present method of placement training has been demonstrated conclusively to be wrong. , . Placed in Sweatshops "Former service men, who have been given medical attention in hos pitals, are now being placed in many instancea in sweatshops and 'mush room concerns' for vocational train ing. "They are not being given the training contemplated by the govern ment, but on tho other hand are be ing used as a source of cheap labor to earn profits for the managers of these institutions. "This arrangement makes it prac ticable for the head of the industry employing the veterans to pay the veteran's something in addition to what thev receive from the govern ment While the sum paid by the head of the concern to the ex-service man may exceed the fee the firm re ceives from the government as a fee for instruction, nevertheless the pay to the veteran is less than would have to be paid for similar services to civilians iff similar employment. Purpose of School "The national schools or vocational universities will teach all the trades in all their phases down to the fine technical points. "Establishment of four new na tional schools to trail the former service men will do away with the present contract system of instruc tion that now in many cases virtually amount to alavery. Furthermore, I propose to do away entirely with the contract hospital. I do not want to take former aervice men away from the universities where they are get ting proper training, but I am op posed to tha sweatshop system and the farming out of veterans." 7 -v r One Dollar and Fifty Centa Per Tear That wa a -BEAT 5Al rvHEH PIP saw 1HATJ0HNS0N5' PUT ON k3 UNEMPLOYMENT CONFERENCE URGES TARIFF AND TAX ACTION Eight Points Presented at Full Ses sion of Conference Washington, Oct 18. Limitation of armaments and consequent increase of tranquility among nations, involv ing a further decrease of the tax bur dens on the people of the United States and other nations; readjust ment of railway rates to a . fairer basis of the relative values of corns moditiea and immediate settlement or indefinite postponement of tariff leg islation are among tha important rec ommendations formulated and pre sented at the full session of the un employment conference. The ' recommendations are definite in character, and point out immediate needs of the nation ' for bringing about permanent betterment of com merce and consequent relief of unem ployment. Eight points, all bearing on vital issues, are said to constitute the re sult! of the deliberations of the steer ing committee of the conference. These points are understood to in clude the following requests for ac tion from the conference. A readjustment of railroad rates to a more equitable basis of the rel ative value of commodities and with a rate reduction on primary commod ities. At the same time the financial stability of the railroads must be safeguarded. Early completion of the tax bill, with its probable reduction of taxes, in order that business now held back pending disposition of the tax leg islation may proceed. Settlement as quickly as possible, or definite postponement of tariff leg' station so business may determine Its future conduct and policies. Settlement of the government's financial relations with the railroads, keeping in mind the immediate ne cessity for ' increases, maintenance and betterments, which are expected to make effective increased railway employment and to stimulate general employment in order that the rail roads may be prepared for enlarged business as it comes. Limitation of world armament and increase ef tranquility which is ex pected to ensue, and a further de crease of the tax burden, not only in the United States, but in other coun tries. Measures looking' toward minimis 1ntf fluctuations in exchange because of the recovery from the great slump in manufacturers exports, due to tHe economic situation in Europe. Sub stantial progress cannot be made ao long as extravagant daily flucuations continue in foreign exchange. No merchant can determine the delivery cost of any International sh'pnu-nt under present situation. A concrete program of action that will bring about more regular em ployment in seasonal and intermit tent industries, notably in the coal industry, In order that the drain on capital may be lessened and in the annual income of workers may be In creased. These points designated by tha steering committee as the one to be (Continued on Page Two) f YES, I WANT TO fOftj A VEAft. J"S Our Threefold Aim! T gtf the Nw of Berea and Vicinity; To Record the Happenings of Berea College; Te be ef to all the Mountain Ma. IT. - " World News By. J. R. Robertaon, Profeaaor af History and Political Science Berea College The Japanese representative are now; on their way to the United States to' attend the conference on disarmament in Washington. It la reported that they coma with a defi nite proposal to make, which has been officially authorized by the Japanese Cabinet. It is said to suggest a re duction to the extent of tiaval vessels not yet constructed but under con templation or already authorised. It is probable that any plan that may be advanced hy tha rations ia con ference will be subject to modifica tion by the comparison and discus sion. All efforts to find out the United States' plan have thus far met with some freneral statement to the effect that it will favor something "reasonable" and "practical. Politics in Canada, our neighbor to the north, are interesting at this time, as an election is near at hand. A new factor has arisen in the form of a farmers' progressive party. It has arisen on account of the feeling that the Liberal party does not properly look after the interests of the growing western provinces wfakk are largely agricultural, rather than manufacturing or commercial. The tariff bids fair to be the chief issue. The conservative party desire no change, the Liberal party wish a lower tariff and the new farmers' party are close to a free trade basis. All -three parties are ready to unite in fighting the tariff which has been proposed by the U. S. and la consideration by Congress. The conference between England and Ireland is under way. The train which brought the Irish representa tives into the London station was preceded by the one bearing " " Eng lish King and Queen, who ae taking a great interest in the matter.-- The Irish delegation was. in good humor and their republican banners were in . evidence as they came singing Into-s the station. It la - Mt;,iMwir wfcat new phases of the. ajuwstion will arise, but much speculation is afloat and the attitude of Ulster seems to be the thing that is most generally mentioned. It has indeed been un certain what kind of a proposition would satisfy the' northern counties of Ireland, other than union. - The second meeting of the assem bly of the League of Nations has just adjourned and its president, the Foreign Minister of Holland, van Kamebeck, is quite outspoken in his expressions of satisfaction with the meeting. No remarkable achieve ments were effected, but there were profitable discussions that show a forum of nations like this baa value. The assembly acted in a conservative manner, making very few changea in tVi Ai-tfrlnnl invn a n f Vil if MinaUfar ing several. Notable was the one that proposed to modify the provis ion in regard to registry of treaties allowing certain defensive agree ments to be secret since publication would make them ineffective. There. was no disponit'on apparent to dis solve an account of the unfriendly attitude of the United States, but something of a fear was apparent of a possible rival association aa a re sult of the disarmament conference at Warhington. The peace treaties before the Sen ate are making headway and are like-' ly to be ratified within a short time. The opposition, however, seems great er than was expected, and an effort s being made to fill the place made vacant by Senator Knox as soon as possible. Two amendments that were suggested have been do feated. Both of thesj amendments sought to incorporate a clause in the treaty ob ligating the United States to go the aid of Germany in case any effort was made to interfere with her boundaries as set by tho treaty. The defeat waa by a large majority in both cases and included members of both parties. The decision of the League of Na tions in the Silesian matter has been rendered and doe not accord either with the wish of Germany or of France. The Chancelor of Germany, Herr Wirth. threatens to resign If it j la put into operation. The boundary lire ia so drawn that it divides UM territory which Germany secured by the plebiscite and hence the discon tent France object! because more of Silesia was not given to Poland. (OaartiMss ea Page Eight)