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The citizen. (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, October 20, 1921, Image 1

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IAMU m. KMHAIDT a Sill Urn mt tm. Hi.
ttmmi ato f1i at tana, a '
mmU wilw, 94mr AM tf Man. (IT.
sTatMfl'Awnl JkVvpy J VHiiritty 4 MwMi 4Cv
vol xxni.
Rise Promptly and Capably to
Every Emergency.
CimMi Interests of Mate ef Popula
te Avoiding Sensationalism, In
Ita Clean Whotssomenesa le Its A p.
peal te Beet Clasa of Cltiieno
Country Press a National Fewer.
The country niiomuiiltice the vll
Uce, the small liiwt and the amall
cli) are ttie luuklxMie of the Ameri
can nation. They are the rotumunltle
t Which thai imilim tnma In time of
dtatreaa and emerseiicy. They are
even iimm IIimii the backbone of the
nation. They art the bulwark of enr
moileru cl titration. Juat at the do
f the World war. Mr. Italfour. for-e-iirii
Minister of tlreat Britain, anld to
the writer In Uin that the entire
civilised world mtit I.nIc to the wuall
lew ita of Amerli-a lo preaerve fur the
world the civilization that It had taken
eentarte to hiiliil. because the small
vt.wns represented a suhatstitfal solld
Ity that the trcmendnua upheaval of
the war had not affected, ami It waa
only eurh a foundation that would
preserve the structure of Hvlllrutlon.
The cement that keeps the Mople of
thexe country coimuunltiea toKether,
working and thlnldjig along uniformly
aane and cafe lines, that make of
there that "auhatautlal solidity" on
which world civilization can rrly for
a foundation, la the country preaa
the village, tke amall town and the
mall City newspaper.
Country Paper Wholesome.
The country newapaper goes to Ita
radrs devoid of that sensationalism
that la ao prominent In the metropoli
tan papers. It carries to Its readers
The news Items that represent the Joya
and sorrows of their friends and
neighbors, and keepa the heart of the
people of the community lieatlng In
iioIhoq, It gov to Its readers with
thai earn aod kludly" advice on local,
state, national aad world problems;
aovtce that la. VN result of thought
and study beside the bearthatonea' of
the nation, and not In the selfish marts
of trade or the hrlshtllgbta of city
frivolity. It goes with the influence
of a known and respected member of
the community Its editor back of Its
every word, Ita every opinion. It goes
to a people, the people of the country
rumraunlrlca and the farms, that are
more capable of thinking along sane,
unselfish anil practical lines than are
tboee who are surrounded by the
elfish and many times evil Influences
or the large r It Ira.
But the influence of the country
newapaiHT goea far beyond the com
munity In which It la printed. Na
1 tonal leglalutora In the halls of con
gress realle thut thla Influence la a
power t I'e reckoned with. That
when the country preaa s'prsks In uni
son on any national subject It Is but
voicing the ntlinents of that mighty
force the eple of the country com
inunltleH. the people In who hands,
ays Mr. But four, reata the deatlny of
world civilisation.
Fights for Entire Country.
Tlie country preaa represents and
rights for thoM thing that are of
value to the country ciHutnunlliea.
realizing Ibat In doing ao It U rUhtlnx
for thoae tilings that are heat fr the
nation and for the world. It work
and fights lo upbuild the country com
uiunlty. ! prvM'iit Ita fulling a irey
to the aelllsli greed of the cllie. U
champion the Inixiuea. the social, the
educational, the agricultural, the In
dustrial Interest of the country coin-
NOV. 12
PaVfe" vjeek
The Citizen
Devoted, to tlie Intereste of tlie aotinteLln People
Hv Cent Per Ccpy
niunlty not liuik any aelllah angle, hut
from the broader viewpoint of na
tional good.
Mom three or four months ago
there was before Congress a bill on
which the press of the country wns
divided. (The magazine, the big na
tional weeklies, the farm preaa snd
the metropolian dully psiiers were im
one side and the country newmer
were on the other aide. The paage
of the bill would mean. creating an op
portunlty for a greater centralization
of Ihe merchandliilng of the nation In
a few large cities with a ciaiaequetit
injury to the amall cities and town,
ami lo the people of tlie cities and
towns and the farms surroumlliiK
them. The country pre fought for
the defeat of Ihe hill, and In the end
the members of' the committee in
hose haiida the fate of the hill retef
IWtened to the country r Imx-sunc
they renllzed thai Ihe nelfnre of these
country conunuiiltles repreaenled the
heat interests . uf the natron as a
whole, and the hill waa killed
I Miring our portltipntmu in the
WorJd ar the rountr) pri-w atoml
-alunchly ami liiielllhly buck uf the
nation. It did nothing to create di
acnaliHi anions, the people during the
time of emergency? hut It did carry to
Its readers a continuous message of
piitrlolUin and hathwial unity. In each
community it wiped away much of
factloiiHl lltM-a, ami created au atmos
phere of Intense Americanism that
welded Ihe Amerlcnn people together
regardlesa of plat of birth or an
cestry. i
Country Press Deserves Wall.
The country proas deserves well of
the people of the nation, and especial
ly of the people of the cottntrj com
munities. Individually these papera
may not be large lo alxe as compared
with the city papera. but quantity la
not the measure of their value. They
are worth both directly and Indirect
ly far more than their aubscrtptlon
price. Kor that price they bring t
yon each week tha new of your
friends and acquaintances. To those
whn have left the country home to go
either to the city or to some other
country home, tha country newspaper
Is a welcome weekly letter that keeps
there In touch with friends and for
mer asaodatee. To those at home It
carries the news af their friends aud
neighbors. It records the births and
deaths, the marriages, the coming
and goings of those In whom you are
Interested. It furnuuioa tha medium
of publicity through which work for a
better and stronger community is
maintained. It voices the consensus
of opinion of ITie conuT5Tf$"l4,''tn'a''
representative la the halls of the
state and national legislators. It la
the paper of. for and by the poPle
of the village, the towns and the
small cities.
No country paper worthy of the
name ever seeks the support of the
people of its community on any other
ground thau thst of giving more than
full value for all that it receives. Yoh
aid yourself, ytftjr community, your
atate and the nation when you supiort
and 'read your own "Home Town
Nation Wide Campaign Launched for
November 7-12 Flkee in Commu
nity Life Emphasised.
November 7-12 hn been set s "Snh
scribe for Your Home Town rnirr
Week," and tlii newajmiicr. laipemcr
with the thoUMiuils of count rv ihu
papers the I'nited Hi a I cm over tlere
are not far from l.ikN) oftlicni. wh
iles and small dnllles I to ..u"l.'i
Ilia purpom- of the campaign is not
only to Iniluce rvldeuts of the email
communities and the home town folk
who are far from their native heath
to subscribe for the home ftaper, hut
also to emphasize the Importuut place
tha home new (paper plays In the life
of Its community.
This campaign hits the hearty sup
port and co-oiieratluii not ouly of the
newspapers but thousands of minis
ters and school principals, and many
atata agricultural colleges and farm
and home bureau organisations.
, 8ome persona, It la pointed out, have
been Inclined to belittle the placo and
function of tho country newspaper.
They have not reallied that In reality
tha home pnier Is a community Insti
tution and tliMt It enablea tho other
Institutions, such as the church and
the school ami all the rest to function
better and inure effectively. That It Is
a tieceHlty If the town la to advance.
Iiurlng the time between now ami
"Home Town Taper Week," Novem
ber thi iii-w-Hpaper In Us rot
ucins wlli hate mm h to say about the
Home Town I'lipcr not this newMpn
per lu parttrul.ir, but the home town
paper the u'ltion over, the home towu
newspaiier a a real and dlum lie
factor In American Ufa.
TjT The of voice the com
VLjl rn unity, the record of
JU iu history in the &r
chive of state and nation,
it the Home Town Taper.
Subscribe for Your Home
Town Paper Week, Nc. 7-12
y Home Town
hello tail
Wt 6ET
1R0UPLE A4Alf.
v L
Friday night at 7:30 o'clock there
will be an old fiddlers' contest in
Richmond. The contest is open to
all fiddlers of the "old school" and
liberal prizes will be awarded the
The contest ia to take place in the
Normal School chapel. Admission
25 cents.
' - m t ,. n .1 ' '.::lLl '
Plana for a Joinr"celebration of
Armistice Day, November 11th, were
laid at a meeting held jointly by rep
resentatives of Jesse M. Dykes Post,
of Richmond, and Cleveland Frost
Poet, of Berea, of the American Le
gion, at the Kenmadrich restaurant
at Richmond Tuesday night
Read announcement in this issue of
The Citizen. -
It is reported that a car belonging
to J. W. Purkey was stolen some
time Saturday night. The car was
driven out of town about one and one
half miles, and near the Silver Creek
bridge, practically all the portable
parts of the car' were carried away.
No trace of the thieves has been
Borah Bill Passes 47 to 37
Washington, Oct 18. The question
of free pasaage of tTie Panama Canal
by American coastwise veesela is now
up to the House. The senate by a
vote of 47-37 passed the Borah bill
exempting American coastwise ship
ping from the payment tolls.
Before a final vote the Senate de
feated without a roll call two sub
stirutes offered by Senator King, of
Utah, Democrat, authorizing the
President to negotiate the arbitra
tion of the tolls question.
Opponents of the bill declared it
waa inopportune, while Senator
Borah, Republican, Idaho, declared he
had talked with President Harding
and Secretary Hughes and they did
not share such views.
Twelve Democrats Join
Twelve Democrats voted for the
bill on the roll call, while seventeen
Republicans voted in opposition, so
' that the Democratic support was re
' garded wt the determining factor,
i It is considered probable that the
nouns will take no action on the tolls
J bill until after the limitation of arms
I ments conference. In referring to
the armaments conference, Senator
Borah aaid ha did not understand
that this conference will involve the
United States bartering away any
substantial right.
"I have talked with those most re
sponsible for and concerned in tbt
conference, he added; "I have had a
full understanding and . discussion.
The fears expressed are not shared
by them.!
Paper Week, November 7-2 J
mane yovrS5T
TrirT5 HEW 5
To ne ,
1T f IMF Y HAlt
A NtN PAWrlltKi
Burrsu Director's Plan Will Elimin
ate "Farming Out" of Former
. Service Men
Scores Present Method
firat Camp Will Be Opened at Camp
Sherman, Ohio.
. - (The Columbus Dispatch)
'.Washington, Oct 6. Establish
ment of at least four national schools
to train ex-service men In all phases
jaejluji chosen -vocations, the tech
nique as well as the fundamentals,
yesterday . was proposed by Col
Charles R. Forbes, director of the
United States veterans' bureau. It
has been definitely decided that the
first of this group of schools shall be
opened at Camp Sherman, Ohio.
The plans which Colonel Forbes
said would entirely eliminate the
"farming out" of veterans of the
World Wsr to commercial and indus
trials institutions, were made public
simultaneously with the presentation
of his report to President Harding
on the conclusions reached as a result
of his recent nation-wide inspection
"From the investigation I have
made on the subject of vocational ed
ucation, as now being conducted by
the government," said Colonel Forbes,
"I am convinced that our present
method of placement training has
been demonstrated conclusively to be
wrong. , .
Placed in Sweatshops
"Former service men, who have
been given medical attention in hos
pitals, are now being placed in many
instancea in sweatshops and 'mush
room concerns' for vocational train
"They are not being given the
training contemplated by the govern
ment, but on tho other hand are be
ing used as a source of cheap labor
to earn profits for the managers of
these institutions.
"This arrangement makes it prac
ticable for the head of the industry
employing the veterans to pay the
veteran's something in addition to
what thev receive from the govern
ment While the sum paid by the
head of the concern to the ex-service
man may exceed the fee the firm re
ceives from the government as a fee
for instruction, nevertheless the pay
to the veteran is less than would have
to be paid for similar services to
civilians iff similar employment.
Purpose of School
"The national schools or vocational
universities will teach all the trades
in all their phases down to the fine
technical points.
"Establishment of four new na
tional schools to trail the former
service men will do away with the
present contract system of instruc
tion that now in many cases virtually
amount to alavery. Furthermore, I
propose to do away entirely with the
contract hospital. I do not want to
take former aervice men away from
the universities where they are get
ting proper training, but I am op
posed to tha sweatshop system and
the farming out of veterans."
7 -v
One Dollar and Fifty Centa Per Tear
That wa a
Eight Points Presented at Full Ses
sion of Conference
Washington, Oct 18. Limitation
of armaments and consequent increase
of tranquility among nations, involv
ing a further decrease of the tax bur
dens on the people of the United
States and other nations; readjust
ment of railway rates to a . fairer
basis of the relative values of corns
moditiea and immediate settlement or
indefinite postponement of tariff leg
islation are among tha important rec
ommendations formulated and pre
sented at the full session of the un
employment conference.
The ' recommendations are definite
in character, and point out immediate
needs of the nation ' for bringing
about permanent betterment of com
merce and consequent relief of unem
ployment. Eight points, all bearing on vital
issues, are said to constitute the re
sult! of the deliberations of the steer
ing committee of the conference.
These points are understood to in
clude the following requests for ac
tion from the conference.
A readjustment of railroad rates
to a more equitable basis of the rel
ative value of commodities and with
a rate reduction on primary commod
ities. At the same time the financial
stability of the railroads must be
Early completion of the tax bill,
with its probable reduction of taxes,
in order that business now held back
pending disposition of the tax leg
islation may proceed.
Settlement as quickly as possible,
or definite postponement of tariff leg'
station so business may determine Its
future conduct and policies.
Settlement of the government's
financial relations with the railroads,
keeping in mind the immediate ne
cessity for ' increases, maintenance
and betterments, which are expected
to make effective increased railway
employment and to stimulate general
employment in order that the rail
roads may be prepared for enlarged
business as it comes.
Limitation of world armament and
increase ef tranquility which is ex
pected to ensue, and a further de
crease of the tax burden, not only in
the United States, but in other coun
tries. Measures looking' toward minimis
1ntf fluctuations in exchange because
of the recovery from the great slump
in manufacturers exports, due to tHe
economic situation in Europe. Sub
stantial progress cannot be made ao
long as extravagant daily flucuations
continue in foreign exchange. No
merchant can determine the delivery
cost of any International sh'pnu-nt
under present situation.
A concrete program of action that
will bring about more regular em
ployment in seasonal and intermit
tent industries, notably in the coal
industry, In order that the drain on
capital may be lessened and in the
annual income of workers may be In
creased. These points designated by tha
steering committee as the one to be
(Continued on Page Two)
A VEAft. J"S
Our Threefold Aim! T gtf
the Nw of Berea and Vicinity;
To Record the Happenings of
Berea College; Te be ef
to all the Mountain
Ma. IT.
- "
World News
By. J. R. Robertaon, Profeaaor af
History and Political Science
Berea College
The Japanese representative are
now; on their way to the United
States to' attend the conference on
disarmament in Washington. It la
reported that they coma with a defi
nite proposal to make, which has been
officially authorized by the Japanese
Cabinet. It is said to suggest a re
duction to the extent of tiaval vessels
not yet constructed but under con
templation or already authorised. It
is probable that any plan that may
be advanced hy tha rations ia con
ference will be subject to modifica
tion by the comparison and discus
sion. All efforts to find out the
United States' plan have thus far met
with some freneral statement to the
effect that it will favor something
"reasonable" and "practical.
Politics in Canada, our neighbor
to the north, are interesting at this
time, as an election is near at hand.
A new factor has arisen in the form
of a farmers' progressive party. It
has arisen on account of the feeling
that the Liberal party does not
properly look after the interests of
the growing western provinces wfakk
are largely agricultural, rather than
manufacturing or commercial. The
tariff bids fair to be the chief issue.
The conservative party desire no
change, the Liberal party wish a
lower tariff and the new farmers'
party are close to a free trade basis.
All -three parties are ready to unite
in fighting the tariff which has been
proposed by the U. S. and la
consideration by Congress.
The conference between England
and Ireland is under way. The train
which brought the Irish representa
tives into the London station was
preceded by the one bearing " " Eng
lish King and Queen, who ae taking
a great interest in the matter.-- The
Irish delegation was. in good humor
and their republican banners were in .
evidence as they came singing Into-s
the station. It la - Mt;,iMwir wfcat
new phases of the. ajuwstion will arise,
but much speculation is afloat and
the attitude of Ulster seems to be
the thing that is most generally
mentioned. It has indeed been un
certain what kind of a proposition
would satisfy the' northern counties
of Ireland, other than union. -
The second meeting of the assem
bly of the League of Nations has
just adjourned and its president, the
Foreign Minister of Holland, van
Kamebeck, is quite outspoken in his
expressions of satisfaction with the
meeting. No remarkable achieve
ments were effected, but there were
profitable discussions that show a
forum of nations like this baa value.
The assembly acted in a conservative
manner, making very few changea in
tVi Ai-tfrlnnl invn a n f Vil if MinaUfar
ing several. Notable was the one
that proposed to modify the provis
ion in regard to registry of treaties
allowing certain defensive agree
ments to be secret since publication
would make them ineffective. There.
was no disponit'on apparent to dis
solve an account of the unfriendly
attitude of the United States, but
something of a fear was apparent of
a possible rival association aa a re
sult of the disarmament conference
at Warhington.
The peace treaties before the Sen
ate are making headway and are like-'
ly to be ratified within a short time.
The opposition, however, seems great
er than was expected, and an effort
s being made to fill the place made
vacant by Senator Knox as soon as
possible. Two amendments that
were suggested have been do feated.
Both of thesj amendments sought to
incorporate a clause in the treaty ob
ligating the United States to go
the aid of Germany in case any effort
was made to interfere with her
boundaries as set by tho treaty. The
defeat waa by a large majority in
both cases and included members of
both parties.
The decision of the League of Na
tions in the Silesian matter has been
rendered and doe not accord either
with the wish of Germany or of
France. The Chancelor of Germany,
Herr Wirth. threatens to resign If it
j la put into operation. The boundary
lire ia so drawn that it divides UM
territory which Germany secured by
the plebiscite and hence the discon
tent France object! because more
of Silesia was not given to Poland.
(OaartiMss ea Page Eight)

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