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The citizen. [volume] (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, October 27, 1921, Image 1

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The Citizen
Devoted to tlae Interests of tine MioixnteLln People
MM B. aUMNAlPT mmmm Hear
Our Threefold Aim: T (1t
the Ncwi of Berea and Vicinity;
To Record the Happenings of
Berea College s To ba of Interest
. mUr AMmrrk, fur.
to all tha Moontata
Five Cents Tor Copy
BERK A, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, OCTOBER 27, 1921 Ona Dollar and Fifty Cents Per Yaar
No. 18
Propose to Reduce Wages and
Return all Savings by Re
1 . duction In Charges
ttatemeert By Thom.a DaWItt Coyly,
Chairman of tha Association of
Railway executives an tha
Following a in.-vllng In O.lrsgo. r-
t. hrr M..IUI. o i... " " ,
l.urty all U l.'n.l.i. wlir..la In the
roiititry. Mr. m-ima "' ' I road the reductions In "urns allow
chairman of the AaMoclutlon of llnl eJ n) nr( riurn on .,, bu,
av Executive, made the following
ei a lenient: I
At a meeting of Uic Aseoclatlon or
lla.lway Kiectuivee UnIu.v, It waa deter-1
In nod by tha railroad of the lnlte-d 1
Mute, aeek to trn- anoui a reiuciHKi
Iii raiaa wd w t uien to that end flir ,, , rjl, n,u(ll ,uk tbelr
o afh a rodmUon in prenont railroad ( ino.ll. lne lik amh..Jr alee? The au
anra erhlrh hae .-.iiiprllel malnton- BMSr , .,-! r,,!,;
am of tha rMt rate. l The ruiilrim.la wrre n.K wr-
An application will lie made Imine-I n,mvj Bi w.re ot)ier tl)iUM,rieti to
(l ately ta the United State lUllroad tank chargea dur.ntt the rar of
Ijllwr Hoard for a reduction In ai pn.prrlty. funking poaaihle the ar
of trala eonrlr ainplnyeva auftlclent , cmilUtoll f , ourplua to tide them
ta remove tha remaloder of tha la- 0vr the prmi-nt extreme adveralty.
rtuM nmde by tha Labor Hoard':
1rcia.ua of July 20. 120, (which would
luvolva a rurther rdu-tloii or approii
Mately In pet rout), and for a redur
tuu la the war re of all other rlaaan
of railroad labor to the going rate
for aurfe tabor Id aeveral terrltortea
where tho mrrla opera la.
Ta Reduce Ratea aa Wagaa Ca Dawn
The foregoing action la uxn the un
Serataadlnx that concurrently with
irti redortloa In wagen tha benefit
of the redaction thue obtained ah all,
with tha coacarrenre of tha Inter
atata OMiimerr-e 'nnmllon. be
paaaed oo to tha public In the re
ducitoa at aaiaUnf railroad rataa,
eicept la ao ta aa thla reduction
a hail hare boon made la tha mean
Tha aaanagemefiii. have decided up
on this eatiraa In view of tbelr real!
ration of tha fart that the wbeela of ,
ladaelrtal activity have been rloaed
lowa la a point wliirn brtnga dairaa
aion aad dlMlreu W tha anilra public
and that aoinelhlng muet be done to
tart thaaa agaia la operation.
The a.toaUon which confront the
re tmada aa aalXMnoly arittral. The
rail roe ila la ISTJO realiaed a net rail
way oparmtlag Incoma of about 12.
WW.0U0 upon a pniperty Invaetniaot of
over f M.0W.0UO.U1O and even thla
amoont af Vi million Included back
mall pay for prior yeara received from
uw uvfwnmmi di
fu4.0U0.U0a thua ahowl
of approiimately
liowlng. when the
U aiiua aa. oav
operathMia af Uut ya
etdered, aa actual dflrlt before mak
ing any allowance for either Intaraat
r dlvldonda.
The yaar ended lu aerloua depraa
lun la all branrhea of Induatry and
'T' "a
rket da-
la inaraea reauruon or me inaraet oe-
loand far and tha prloaa of baalc com-
rVf!,U,T.'7,"I-tJ" '" 77 .
falling aff la tha volume of trafflc.
f.fl? " M.a
In UUj atluation. a p.illcy of tha
tnoat rigid economy and of poatponlog
and culling to the bone the upkeep
of tha PWPt'c "Oopted by tha
ni!ZmP- Vl . "If P'
i,glectlog and f.r tha tlma deferrtng
work whk4.muat hereafter and at the
near fut era be dona and paid for.
n-k.. i i.. ...w
. J "v. V-..V,"..f".-'H,"
agulnat a aoraiat of bad order enni
of not aiore than Itm.dtw aa la fur
ther lllnatrated by tha deferred and
tuadaqat maintenance of other
equipment and of roadway and atrue
CuraM. nTa iiiurr law iimuuioiia UN
ilh thla large bill charged up agulnat
l.a futur-whlch mu.t eoon ba pro-,
vlded far and paid If the mrrlera are I
Kven ander thoae otAdlliona and
to prrfona auo-eioirully, their traaa
Mrtatlon dtiUee, - the reeult of opera
tlona for Ilia Brat eight ruontha of thia
ear. lha latest avullahle flgurea. haa
b'n at a rate of net railway oierat
ing Incoma, before providing for Inter
en! or dlvidenda, nmountlng to only
2 tl per reat per aniiuui on tlia valua
tion of tha carrier pmnertlea made by
he Intaratale Oiiiiinerc rommlMMiun
In the recent rata cuan, an auiouut not
aurtlrlent to pay tha latere oa their
outatandlng btinda.
Roada Karninga Far Below Reaaoa
able Returna
It la inanlieht. from tlila f'lowlng
that tha rata of return of A4 or I
er cent for the Brat two yeara after
Jd arch 1, IlOO, flied In the Tranior
tatloD Art aa a iiiinlmirn reasonalilt
return upon railroad Inventment, haa
tot been even appruzlmnted
Diuch taaa reached, and that tha prw
ant high ratea acrordingly are not
due to any ettttuiory guarantee at
cunilnga, for there la no euro guar
lu aoalyaing the axpenaoa which
tiaa largt'ly brought about thla eitu
lion, i twromaa evident that by fat
the largeet contributing cauae la tU
labor cxwt.
Today the nil I roada pay out U
labor approximately 00 centa oa Hi
iJollar thay recutte foe treaBMrratlcaj
ervlceo, wliareae la 114 40 ranra aa
tha dollar went to labor.
tin tha Arat day of January, 191T
arban tha Uoveramaot took charge ol
'Wagaa through tha Adamaoa Act, th
labor coat af the rallroada had out
exceeded tha auui of about al,4UM,0U0,
tail annually. In IIU0, when govern
jnental authority, made tha laat waci
7 7T7. ".' ,V-'''V9T r - nn dlgulee from thetuaelve. il.:.t thia
Matt c oi "tha- "Wln l mercy c,me.,r,.l an.
t-.d order needing repair., aa '.tV Z" i.?.f ."T
fhcreaae iheTa6or cot""oflha fT3
ruaili was about a,(HW,(M).(iO an
Binilly, or. If continued throughout thi
year lnatMi of for tha eight tnoniht
during which the wage Increases wen
In effect tha iHhor coat, cm an annua
twain, would have been largely In ex
eae of 3.v00,000,000. aa Increase, sine,
the Government took charge of rail
reed mitm In the Adamaon Art, of
approximately I'.'jrw '." annually.
In tha light of thtm figure. It la
manlf.-st that thi recent reduction i4
warns authurlred by the lattmr Hoard,
estimated at' from in to. 12 per rant
In no sans meets or a.ilvea the prob
lem vf labor cost atul In no way
I n L mm ......I,.!. .. fl.a t- 1 1 flu. ! t.i
reduction In their revenue.
Thousands of Rataa Already Reduced
Indeed, duririar the piixt iar there
have horn lleeu four and five
tliouaanil individual re.ltn-tl.Mie la
freight num. On mine rallroiida the
reductions In rates have stnoiinted
to more Hum the re.tiirtl.ina, In wage,
f(f n (( (( n( ))i6r
n-erely prm '.l.il aim Inst I he further
a.-'uiiiiilnilii of a detl. It.
Thr po.nt In oftn nmde that agri
culture and other Induxlrira ere slao
suffering tha eiiiii linnii-diute dim-
l.lf,.. .. I . . . -.. ; I ... ... I .. . .. 1.
tate t'omincrra iumUln. tha rata
of return on property luveatment of
tha rallnm.U of the United tttatea
for the paat neveral yrara l.aa bean
aa follow a:
Rata of Return Earned by Rallroada
of the United statea on Their
Proarty Inveetment
112 4.M
11M3 B 15
1W 4.17
IIS 4.2
1HI8 lla.ul Veer 5 1)
1110 Caleudur Your t.lil
1I7 .....5.!W
11H 3.61
lll! 2.40
1IKJ0 0.5"J
It will thu be noted that during
the yrara when other In.luatrlaa were
making very large proflta. when the
prl(, of Urm prodllrtl and n-
of labor were aoaring to unheard-of
halghta. the aarnloga upon railroad In
ea.iiet IC tl Mfttted Mate jrart
held within vary narrow llmlta and
that they have during the paat four
yaara progreeaivaly alerllncd.
Reada Handicapped Mara Than
Other Buaineea.
2. The rallroada are reaponaible to
tha public for providing adequate
trannportallon. Their chargea are
limited by pulillc authority, and they
tr , TJ lHrff ntp9Cia (noUbly for
ttt,tr) compelled to upend money on a
fcp.ig if,i pVMi auLh-tty. T!0
nuwgla wltaJa whhh they are Bernilt-
they are pa unit
tad to eani a return upon their In
vestment or to ofTer Inducementa to
attract new capital for axtenalnna and
betlertiMinta la eiretm'ely limited.
However, much tha rallroada might
dMim ihMrM to ki
rhirs ln ,m, of dejiraaalon. It will
Prclved that the limitation, our-
rounding their action do not permit
thm lv of-d '
Up poMdea wnlrh mift)t rtry pronlry
,OTrrn othrr nll of DuilnJi bo, thui
n ht.n d , .
ru.da that a reduction ha rut.a will
ttimuiuU. tr,fflp ,,, ,,,, inewimi
w, , fc ,
.hg, . 'M, , . ,. ' ,"
,n' incident to a reduction In
rataa. The railroad managem.-nt enn
tha rallnia.lN, but to the puhllc, wIimh
aupreme neid la adequate tmnapnrta
tlon. Conwiuently the rallmud man
agementa rami. it feel jiiatltied In plac
ing thaxe InNtmmentaltlea. ao eaaen-
tlal to tha public welfura, at the linx-
.1 ,.,,1, j, i . , ,
u .urn . l,,r ' M'
i" . " r 1.. , u. - .
'Yl?'? ?,,d , .
It la evident, however, that ailatlna
transportation charcea bear la many
eaaea a diaproportlnata relationship
to tha prlcea at which commodities
can ba gold la tha market and that
existing labor and other costa of
transportation thua imposed upon In
duatry and agriculture generally a
burden greater than they should
bear. Thla la especially true of agri
culture. The railroad management,
are feeling aensltlTe to and aynv
pattella with the dlstreealng altua
Uoa and deatra to do every thing ta
aaalst la relieving It that la com pa ti
bia with their duty to furnish tha
transportation which the public, must
At the moment rallroada la many
eaaea are paying 40 centa an hour
for unskilled labor when similar la
bor la working alongside tha rail
roads aad ran easily ba obtained by
them at 20 centa aa hour. The rail
roads of the country paid In 1820 a
total of considerably over $1,300,000,
000 to unskilled labor aloua. How
ever desirable It may be to pay thia
or that schedule of wages, It la eb
vious that it cannot bo paid out of
railroad earnings unleaa tha lndua
tries which use tba rallroada are cap
able of meeting auch chargea.
Tha rallroada, and through them
tha people generally, are alao haa
y"a aehwdnle af working rulea aad
coodltiona now la force aa a heritage
from the period of Federal control
and upheld by tha Railroad Lbot
Board. These conditlona are) expea
alva, uneconomic and unneceHoexy
from tba point of view of railroad
operation and extremely burdeaaome
Ufioa tha public; which.. Bare tha bfll
3 (V
Gunnery Sergeant Ernest A. Jaa
ann haa been selected to represent
the men of the Marire Corps at the
burial of the unknown American he
ro, in the Arlington National Ceme
tery, on Armistice Day, November
11th. Janson, together with several
non-commissioned officers of the
Army, alt of whom have overseas
records, will act as pallbearer.
Janann'a record waa divulged today
at the Marine Corps recruiting of
fice, Indianapilis, Ind., where it waa
said that he received the Congrea
a'onal Medal of Honor, the highest
American award for bravery. He
also holds the Navy Medal of Honor,
the French Military Medal and
Croix de Guerre with palm, the Itali
an War Cross and the Montenegrin
silver medal for bravery.
The citation for which Janson re
reived hia American decorations fol
lows: "For conspicuous gallantry and in
trepidity above and beyond the call
of duty in action with the enemy
near Chateau-Thierry, France, June
6, 1918. Immediately after the com
pany to which he belonged had
reached its objective on Hill 142, sev
eral hostile counter attacks were
launched against the line before the
new position had been consolidated.
Sergeant Janson was attempting to
organize a position on the north slope
v.f the hill when he saw twelve of the
enemy, armed with five light machine
guna, crawling toward the group.
Giving the alarm, he rushed the hos
tile detachment, bayoneted the two
leaders and forced the others to flee,
abandoning, their guns. His quick
action, Initiative and courage drove
the enemy from a position from
which they could have swept tha hill
side with machine gun fire and
forced the withdrawal of our troops."
Gunnery Sergeant Janson enlisted
in tha Marine Corps in 1910 and is
now on duty at the recruiting station
in New York.
Thla achedute or wagaa and or worl
Ing eondiliona prevents the rallroadt
from dealing equitably with their la
bor costa la accordance with rapidly
changing conditlona and the great
variety of local considerations which
ought to control wages la different
parts of the country. The railroad
are seek lag ta have these rulea and
working conditions abrogated.
The railroads will aeek a reductiot
la wagaa now proposed by first re
questing the sanction of tha Rai.roac
Lbor Board. Tha railroads will pro
oaad with all possible dlapatch, and
aa eoon aa tha Railroad Latbor Boar!
shall have glvea lu assent to tht
reduction of wages the general re
daetioa ta ratea will be tut 144 aj
IV HW-.j . I eVLWTi. CWt?
Subscribe for Tour Home Town Paper IDeek Tlouember 7n I
The meeting Qround of
Torun and Coxintrij
The HomeToxun Paper
THAT great part of non-city America which we call the country lain reality
town and country. Sometimes the people of the (arma have felt that the peo
ple of towns did not understand their problems any mora than did thoae of
the big citiea. But there haa been a common meeting ground lor all in the
home town paper. It haa chronicled the activitiea of the village and of the farme
and of the cross roada. It haa told of tha vhnta of the village hanker and hia
family and of the farmer and hia family, of the new pavement in the village and
the Improved highway in the country. No publication ever waa more entitled to
be called "a slice ol life" of the people than the home town paper. Week after
week, year after year. It haa ministered to the natural craving for the homely, in
timate news of tha countryside, the kind of news which no big city paper can
f-jrnish. Now the country newspaper la to have a "week all its own. i ne tnou
sands of country papers the nation over have got together to observe "Subecribe
for your home town paper week" November 7-12. It la a week for all who love
country and village life and "just folks." If you have let your subscription lapse,
renew it If you are a newcomer to tba community, subecribe. If
you are far from the old home town, make sure that at
least once a week you can live again tha Joya of othet
days through the vlsita of tba home town paper.
The Kentucky Conference of Social
closed its annual session at
Lexington on last Saturday.
The outstanding features of this
year's conference were an address by
Governor Edwin P. Morrow on "Ken
tucky's Public Institutions"; the ad
dress by, Dr. V. V. Anderson, of the
National Committee for Mental Hy
giene, on tha means of preventing
mental diseases; the address of Dr.
James Bond on the way to solve inter-racial
tangles in Kentucky, and
the presentation of a constructive so
cial service program for the State
by Prof. John F. Smith.
The trend of discussion in all meet
ings was towards a constructive leg
islative program to be presented to
the next General Assembly. Things
that are particularly needed at this
time are, adequate support for 'the
University of Kentucky and the other
State educational institutions; a sep
arate school for girls so the present
school at Greendale can be removed
from the boys' campus; adequate
provisions for earing for Kentucky's
feebleminded; a Juvenile ' court in
every county In the state; some pro
gressive reforms in our present edu
rational system; larger appropria
tions for tha State Board of Health;
and more support of the Board of
Charities and Correction.
The president chosen for the com
ing year is Dr. A. T. McCormack,
secretary of the State Board of
Health. The secretary is Miss
Marsh, of the Louisville Welfare
League. The next meeting will be
held in Louisville.
The following is a translation of
an Armenian poem:
O, hallowed ground, 0, paradise!
Thy memories my heart entice,
I faint beneath an alien star,
Armenia! Armenia!
What land like thee, what home but
With such an ardent fame doth
Thy deeds sublime, my glory are,
Armenia! Armenia!
By heavenly rivers bloom thy vales,
O'er sacred summits sweep thy gales;
Nor centuries' frown thy smiles can
Armenia! Armenia!
Fair primal Eden loved thy slopes,
Adventurous Noah's ship of hopes
Above thy vineyards floated far,
Armenia! Armenia!
heroes, thy founders, seers, thy
Aa every Orient minstrel sings,
And holiest semes exalted are
Within thy gates, Armenia!
. efc
Back to .Town Crier
iinn mini resldenta of any email
community have, ever considered what
might happen If there were no newa
naiwrai Just orevloua to '"Sub
scribe for Your Home Town Paper
Week," which Is to be obaervea tne
country over November 7-12, la a good
time to recall the plight of Macon.
Mo., not long ago, when Are put the
Chronicle-Herald out or Dusineaa ror
two weeka.
According to The Publishers' Aua
lllsry, the old town crier, relic of
msny years back, waa yanked from
bla hiding place, dusted off. and put
back on his J., with a jangling bell,
a megaphone, and a fog-horn voice only
a little worse for long disuse.
It may have been a novelty for two
weeka. But think of a community
without printers' Ink, compelled to get
Its announcemants of auctions, Bales,
court sessions, blrtbs, marrlagea,
deaths, epidemics of alcknesa, dog or
dlnancea, board meetlnga, comraence
menta. tax notices, advertisements
of help and altuatlona wanted, acd
denta, and the rest, through a abouted
word like that of the ordinary train
announcer In a city depot The town
crier waa a romantic figure lu his day,
but few towns would tike to return to
his ministrations now.
When one tliluka of the temporary
plight of Macon, and that it might
become the eriuaneot handicap of
many towna. It ia well to think of sup
porting the local paper.
uauu Ak vaawal UJMte AlllKk
mi ArrevxOr rr, vi ,
eu&KAioief Fta -rvv cxt
fUpw " ,v
Ry. J. R. Robertaon, Profeaaor af
Ilialory and Political Science
Rerea College
.Considerable anxiety fa being man
Ifeated by the t.'.w attempt! of the
former emperor of Austria and King
of Hungary, Charles, to retain tha
throne. Ilia purpose, as before, is ta
seize the power in II .ngary and
eventually to extend it over Austria
and pnas'bly other countries, aa op
portunity offers. This attempt ia
more dangerous, aa he seems to have
worked out a somewhat elaborate
plan involving other countrica. For
example he haa offered Hungarian
support to Italy in her conflict with
Jugo-Slavia in order to induce Italy
to keep neutral. The Allies acted
quickly when he made hia first at
tempt and are not Tkely to allow thia
one to go on unchallenged.
The peace treaties have been rati
fied by the Senate and have been re
ferred again to Germany and the
other e&untres for ratification of the
few alterations suggested. When
thia haa been secured a proclamation
of peace will be made and diplomatic
relations reestablished with the coun
tries recently at war with us. It Is
also the apparent intention of the
President to withdraw our troop'
from the Rhine, where they have been
since the signing of the AmvsUce.
This Is urged in the interests of
economy and as a saving to Germany
since the expense of maintenance was '
eventually to fall on her.
The republic of Brazil is planning
an international exposition for the
coming year in commemoration of the
one hundredth anniversary of inde
pendence. It is to be in the city of
Rio de Janeiro, one of the most beau
tiful capitals in the world. The Uni
ted States expects to be represented.
and Congress is considering a large
appropriation. It is believed that this
will be an opportunity to show our
good will toward the most friendly
of .all the South American, nations, to
i . . i i i
us, ana at uie same ume to catena
our commercial relations with the
South American countries. The visit
to the U. S. of the President of Brazil
some time ago was an important as
well as a pleasant occasion.
The little state of Montenegro goes
out of existence by the recent act of
Queen Milena in refusing to recognise
the cabinet of ministers. The state
is a small one, but it has thru out its
history shown a remarkable spirit of
independence. It was one of the
first of the Balkan states to be ac
knowledged by Turkey as a free coun
try. It Joined the cauae of Servia
and the Allies in the recent war. It
objected, however, to the loss of its
identity when it was urged to Join
Jugo-Slavia. The King, Nicholas, the
leading spirit in this resistance, died
recently and hia widowed Queen- is
not willing to continue the resistance.
The large, radio station, which ia
Just completed in New York, has the
widest range of any in existence.
Wireless messages sent from here will
reach half way around the world.
When it is ready for use it will be
formally opened and the President
will send to New York a message
which is to be flashed around the
world by connections with other sta
tions. This must be regarded as one
of the greatest marvels of modern
sciertific discovery. Its effect in over
coming, the element of space in inter
national relations can scarcely be
over-estimated. Nations are constant
ly being brought closer to each other
by the achievements of science.
The former prime minister of
Greece, Veniielos, is at present in the
United States. He comes as a visi
tor and is on a bridal trip. His re
ception by the Greeks in New York
was enthusiastic and must have
atoned somewhat for hia political
downfall at home. He waa generally
regarded as the ablest sUteimsn
Greece haa had for many yeara. It
was hia desire to take advantage of
the recent war to expand his coun
try's boundaries and to make her a
progreasive nation. The people, how
ever, preferred to recall their former
king and by thia they gained the ill
will of the Allies and complicated the
situation in southeastern Europe.
Talk about laiineas, the lasieat per
son we ever knew is the one who died
of indigestion rather than trouble
about chewing his food.

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