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THE CITIZEN Novmber I, 1921 General College News j College Department This U profit teasnn for outings, Mini Pautiaon and Miss Kersey, The rolVpe had one of the great-1 ret chapel treats of the year last ' Thursday when President-Emeritus hth instructors, enterta'red a group Wm, Goodell Frost irave us a lecture f College girls at the bungalow .h on "Thv Coming Aire." In visunli- pRst week-end. ! irg this "Coming Aire," he rare us ... BoW(,rso, i Tru. instruc some prct y parses and carried the hall well, hut the stubborn resistance of . Vocational prevented another touch-down. The score stood, Col'ege 7, Voca tonal 0. The line-up was: THE Pl'PIL A TEACnER, THE TEACHER A PUPIL I College Ftrick'er i - "-"" "'" tors, conducted a party of College j ,jn Cii ls to Anglm Falls, Monday. Professor Burroughs conducted his (Tool clnsscs to the Pinnac'es and various places cf interest Monday f r col'ofro students, roust help make whairver history Is made dur ing the next forty yenrs. Brefly, these fields arc governmental Im prn p'nctit. h"ttorment of condit:ons . ,,,!.. . Ika t It'll bet eo" Capital and Ijib-r, demo?- . , ., , . . .. , Messrs. Brack Bowman and Charles rate c.nicati;n, a'd bring practical ,, . , ... ,. . , A ! , i , Morgan, of the Senior and Junior religion into universal use. The lee- , ... , . . . , , , . . , ( larscs. respectively, camped on West ture was Interesting inspiring and ' hope we shall, '-"- ""'- I monaay anernnon college met vo- instruct' ve, ard we soon have another from Dr. Frost. gs Fields Jfuehes Cnnn Keller Roark VrScoyk Smith Wb'er Replaced: L. T Puke I.e. It. 1 c. T.g. rt. re. q.h. l.h.h. T.h.b. f.b. I.e. catiral on the gridiron for the first I.B.Johnston r.g. CONCERT BY LINCOLN INSTI TUTE QUARTETTE rt rv...k. oa v r-n,.,. rv,i ... n . . . (tames. The first quarter was a hard wnsi rwwut-u iu uvri ii'iwiup( nihil . r.e. match of the season. Enthua'asm was high on both s'des and despite Ofiie'als: the rain and wet field, we had a srood Umpire Prf Vocational Arnett Jackson Palmer Crnm ITal Clbs-n Clark Marnder Farmer Stephenson Pulliams A'lei BorfO Carter Professor Burr for a number of years was princ'pnl of Bcloit Acad- ' emy. He later became professor In j the Department of Education In Beloit C llcge, which position he held until I some years ago when he retired ard ', was honored by thnt Institution with the title of Professor-Emeritus. Last winter he visited Berca College and accepted an Inv tntion to teach classes n Education. He was here only one short torm, but during that time he won his way Into the hearts of those students who studied under him. The following article, written by Pro fessor Burr, and sent to The Citi ten this week, will be I'terestng to -nv of our readers, and It will af ford double irite.est to Lis farmer students in Bcrea who esteemed him so highly. attentive and delightful audience. The ocens'on was a encert by a qnnrtette from an Institution In which Berca College has the right to taka a deep Interest, vis., Lincoln Normal and Industrial Irstitute. I The former, and still beloved, pas tor of the Un-on Church, Dr. A. E. Thomson, now Principal of Lincoln O'lll-an. Ref-re Prof. S'tt. I'esd Linesman Earl Hays. Timekeepers Everett Carter, W. O. Prowre. last Monday evening, from 7:00 n-e, but our men finalty crossed th? ten yard line, but were unable to romp'ete for a dwn before the quar ter was up; however, In the second half we completed the touch-down on unt;l 9:.W, the College students and the second down and kicked the goal, faculty orce again eniovel the ghov- After the tiuch-down Vocational ly see-es and spooky atmesnhere f played the better game, as the ball another "Ha'loween Party" at Ladiei was on our tprrifry most of the Hall. The bunch was first enterta!r- Tvi.fifittA Biwunnftniail Ilia .nnHff , . , . j .... , us one yard from their goal. Af peop'e, and Introduced this quartette . v i t to the audience. Mr. Cordery, the leader and teror fme and at one time Vocational held "1 the reept'on room by the Girls' Clee Clut and rag-do'ls, which ter the first half our men tightened made a h't especially so when one I ..... . . l i J . . , . . . up ana kept tne opposing team on rwn - awn rit-i singer, Is a graduate of Hampton In stitute and a former member of the band of singers from that school. Be la now teacher of carpentry In Lincoln Institute. The other three singers are graduates of Lincoln, two of them, M:ss Hami'ton and Mr. Tay lor, beirg also on the faculty of Lin coln Institute- at the present time. The fourth member of the quartette, the defensive most of the time. In a-d fe'l from the bunch, making the third quarter our team made Possible a good catch by the floor. " """ From the reeepMon room everyone True gave a splendid talk on "Out- passed up the spooky stairway thru of-doora." after wh!ch most every-1 "No Ma-'a Hall" to the attic, where one present expressed aome gooJ MacBeth's witches were en the scene thought or else read an appropriate ! Wth the necessary equipment to fa r a ture poem. , cilita'e "The Incantation of Any- Morning Side also is enjoying fine body." Rip Va"W!nkle, somewhat meeti-gs each week. Sunday, Miss disturbed by the preceding witches. " ,'iAva Winton led on the topic "Be!r.d completely aroused by the arri- mss Simpson, irom ramsiown, - . . . :. Square," a very broad and discussa ble subject for everyone. now teaching at Shallow Ford, near Richmond. Each member of the quartette possesses a sympathetic and beautiful j HALLOWEEN PARTY A SUCCESS voice. They sang their distinctive The Halloween social held at Scaf- negro melodies as only the colored fold Cane School on Saturday night was quite a success. The largest crowd that has ever gathered for an race can sing them. Some long fam'liar songs, with nu merous variations, others, rew and indoor party met at the school be strikingly original, deeply Impressed tween six and six-thirty, altho the the audience and brought forth social was scheduled for seven hearty applause. I o'clock. Ghosts, witches and jack-o- During the interlude. Dr. Thomson 'lanterns were present enough to gave a brief survey of the distant cause the children to squeal and past of the Negro race when their scream. After a short program, ancestors were Ethiopian kings and consisting of some excellent singing leaders in architecture and other arts by the school children, a cracker-eat- val on the scene of a sun, moon, curta'ns and breathing stars, in a one act play with a few spasms and a match, arose feebly a-d departed. ''The Highway Man" could travel and war as well as eat pop-corn and candy. LIBRARY NOTES Magazine In the Outlook for October 26th Sherman Rogers has an article called "The Defense of Arkansas." It is of special Interest to the people residing in sections where good roads are needed. The Survey for October 29th has of civilization, Africa was left to one mg and whistling contest, in wh ch . o. , " ...... v ij , , Lake, which very graphically pre side as the currents of progress, com- the older men won over boys and wo-i ,.... ... , ........ ... . , , sent a conditions now ex st.ng in tne metre and civilization traversed the men a goblin story by the ghost, and Wejit virir:nia coal fields Mediterranean chiefly on its northern "Little Orphant Annie" by one of ... . . . ,K Q n, a . v ..'.i..i .uAi Th 9t ,8!,ue of the Surey of cost., nenco ner long centuries uii"ii n vuncsv myiria, tne time wmi each month is to be a "Graphic Edi tion," its purpose being to' enable 'Egyptian darkness." May it not be spent in games and contests. Pinnig a. it!, i i . . u A u j. l 1 - . 1 rV'.. '..." . . ?opl' " J . V , Z " eu " , readers to better visualize the social rani saia ox me Jews, mat -we wun- ueai oi laugnier oecause several . ... . . .. u. , , and economic conditions nut t Van. k.. . nnt K a m A hamI hlMl th Wmilff InnlrAW 1 Ufa. fflD.nl T": ... .. The November ine social enaea oy community singing and a short talk by Mr. Strong. All left expressing them selves as having enjoyed the fun thoroly. The social was managed by I n(J .g uSmutn mwiucru ui ui KiiiBS in ivecreoiiuniti and that the enlightment of Africa and her people is necessary for the good of the whole world? T. W. C A. The Ladies Hall d:vision discussed uT1ia Vir.tnrlmia 1Afan lflsf finntav everfng. The topic was conaidered , ""P Berea College. The which are Atlantic, among other fine th'ng's always found in this magazine, has a story which im pressively portrays life's real values. It is by the Spanish author I banes from many points of view and the meeting proved very stimulating. The leader was Miss Anna Jones. The violin solo rendered by Miss Irene Baker was very impressive and aided greatly in making the meeting a successful one. The James Hall meeting of Sun day evening marked the best one of this school year. Miss Katherine "The Mystic Experience of God," by Rufus M. Jones, is a very stimu- ...... i k i i k T , . . k "mu"m". "" "I'atinu article in the November A'lan hcart.ly into the games and invited I -u ,hltlon. ,re practic.ble the class to come again. There were ,n(J convinc.n(r He wrH about a hundred and twenty or thirty 1 .. , ., . j , . . 1 ' , mystic knowledge of God is not some peop e p esen 'esoteric communication It is an intuitive personal touch with God, MEDLEY ;flt to be essentially real .... which Why dread the coming of the cold t heightens all the capacities and ac- Spring always follows winter; it tivities of life, followed by the slow never goes before. laboratory effects wh'ah verify it. If the experience docs not prove that the soul has found God, it at least does this: it makes the soul feel that pro fs of God are wholly unneces sary." ' i In the October number of Educa tion is a dramatized adaptation of Mrs. Andrew's "Perfect Tribute." The play is Inter ded for upper grado classes, and nny be given without costumes. It Is especia'ly fitt:ng for Lincoln's birthday or for historical programs connected w'th the Civil War. WoM'i Work for November has an article by William McAndrcw on "Tl,. Belnted Revolution In the Pub-! lie Schools," interpretive of what the! "Fathers of our country thought the ! schools should be, and how school-! men at last are coming to agree with them.' I In the same number of World's I W ork is "One Year of President ( Harding," by Mark Sullivan. Worthy ' of wide publication are the following j rules wheh President Harding wrote down to gu'de his reporters in collect- i"g material for his paper, "The Marion Star." These rules cpito- , mize his attitude toward people: , I "Remember there are two sides to every question. Get both. "Be truthful. Cct the facts. I would rather have one story exactly right than a hundred half wrong. "Be decent. Be fair. Be generous. Boost; don't knock. "Remember there ls good In every- x body. Bring out the good and never j needlessly hurt the feelings of any I one- j "In reporting a political gathering,1 get the facts. Tell the story as it is not as you would like to have it Treat all parties alike, j "Treat all religious matters' rev- erently. j "If it can possibly be avoided, never bring ignominy to an Innocent woman or child in felling of the mis deeds or misfortunes of a relative. Books The following is a list of books which has recently been added to the library: Britton and Brown Illustrated Flora of United States. Charles, R. H. Religious Develop ment between the Old and New Testaments. Elson, H. W. Modern times and the living past. Hanifan, L. J. The Community Cen ter. Hirschy, N. C Artaxerxes III Ochus and his reign. Johnson, G. E. Modern literature for oral interpretation. Mackay, ' C. D. Costumes and scenery for amateurs. Myers, P. ,V, N. Mediaeval and modem history: new edition in cluding the World War. Robinson, J. II. Mediaeval and mod ern times: new edition including the World War. Test, W. M. Modern progress. In a teachers' meeting a member said, "A girl who was doing poorly came to me and asked me ti give her some questions on the next lesson. I have done so since and she is do ing brt'er. Was that the right thing to do?" That request reveals how dark the wav mav seem to the slow or poorly prepared learner. Suih reed a rnlling hand for a time. They lose their wBy otherwise In the expanse of unfam'lar terms and thought. Like the mari-er, they must be given courses, points to make if they reach the port of knowledge. The teacher was right, but that request awakened another thought In the mind of the leader of the meet ing, a believer in cooperative t a ing. Why should n"t some member of the class furnish that girl t'e needed nitstiona? There are thoae In every .'la who find their way clearlv, who are not worklnif on to a third of the r ability. Why should not they bt called in to help out in the teaching? The furnishing the questions might well be accounted as 'hat student's preparation of the lesson. This incident led to asking still further, "Is it the role of the teacher to ask questions, give topics, and the role of tho pupil to answer, to re rite? That seems to have become the procedure, the air la class rooms. The teacher sees in the day's lesson questions and topics. The learner goes over and over the lesson assigned fills up on it, so that some thing will pour nut wherever the question strikes. The one, if a good teacher, tries to organize, to select the main points. The other, If a good pupil, crams with detail to re pletion. Plainly some mixture of function would help both. The "socialized recitation" is an at tempt to meet this need. Educators, thru experience with it, are finding it too radical, disappointing In re sults. It puts aaide the teacher. It places the Important work of the class in unskilled hands. It often gets nowhere, scatters. It puts to the front the quick, the snap judg ment, at the expense of the thought ful, thinking members of the class. Ways of Cooperative Teaching May there not be safer, saner wavs of making the pupil the teacher, the teacher the leamer? Anyone ef the following courses works toward such cooperation in the common task of learning: (1) . The teacher may, and should, say at' the beginning of the recita tion, "What questions have you on today's lesson?" As the questions come, other pupils may be called on to answer, or the teacher may do so. Later, if the pupil says that he did not understand that point in his study of it, he may be asked why he did not say so at the opportunity given? He and the others may thus learn that one' function of the class-room is finding the truth. (2) . A pupil may be asked, as his work on the next lesson, to write out from five to ten questions covering the lesson, these to be handed in turn to one or more pupils needing such help, and a copy to be But on the teacher's desk. (3). Two of the clear headed members of the class may be given as their part the framing ef from five to ten or more qaeations, or topics, to he used for the next day's recitation, as the teacher nay ehooso one set as good, or from both. As these members are now In the role of teacher, their duestions, of course. 'ara not ti be given away to others ! in advance. If th e duty or privilege is psssed to other competent mem bers in turn, both teacher ard pupils may get new light upon both the lesson and the processes of learning ,and of tearhl' g. It is worth trying. j (4). A fourth way of especial value in large classes la t require of a part of the class a d 'ten or more written questions covering the leason. This would reveal aa h one's work far better than would any oral recitation. A good qoeet'oa in as good a teat of knowledge aa a good answer. Ques'i"n and answer are but matched parts of a whole state ment (6). One-half of the papers that I teachers t"ll over can be corrected by : some members of the rlaaa. If for ( this purpose they are excused from preparing the paper. The point for correction must be defln'tnly d tor mined, as snoring, points to be covered, prob'ema to be solved, etc. Such' planning in rooperatica liftJ both tcacher'and helpers from doer of tasks to higher planes of view and of effort. (6). A rlasamate may be asked to roach another for a week, or may help on a problem under the direc tion of the teacher. The plan help both and multiplies the teacher. Cooperation Takea Up Ua Black In the Bext This cooperative teaching Is on of the best ways of taking op the slack In effort of the beat third of any class, a e'ack that Is ona of the worst evils of our rlasa system of ins' ruc tion, for the best ran do from three to four times what the poorest can do, ami twice what the average pupil can do. Ability, whoever ha it, should be put to use for the good of the whole. Give youth roaponsibil ity. It saves them aa democracy does a people. But, better still, thia cooperative effort is one of the beet way of bringing up the poorest third. It provides individual helpers. A class mate la often a bettor helper than the teacher, knows more quickly what the matter is. It is mora stimulating, for this he' per is of bis awn class, not a teacher. Ther may be other ways of thia cooperation than those suggested. The teacher who thinks, plana f r it, can find aome way of comradeship with the leamer in the pursuit of learning. It is not so much what the teacher does with the taught that counts, as what the taught do with ' the teacher. Then the school ia no longer a company made np of one captain and many privates exit it is an organization so functionlag that any may toach and any may learn a best serves the one common purpose of all, learning. It ia this chango of spiritual atmosphere that oar class rooms most needed. Thia la no new reed, nor are class-rooms with the air of all working together unknown. Any one ran call up soma teacher that gave to the effort for leaning such nobility. Beloit College A. W. Burr DO YOU WANT A COURSE THIS WINTER? If so, Make Application Now Suitable Courses To Meet All Needs I, College degrre of A. li. A( II. Normal iryx; ' liiKf ical. Scientific and Phil OMiphital rmiir lending to degree of A. li. Ai-ocite in Art, two vrar. cour.c, preparing If cerlihcate. two years in addition Iradi to Aociate in Pedagogy. mAratlemV Preparatory course of naUClUJ fuuryesrs, till ing lor Col lege. English courtr of two years or Ihrre years, for thone not planning to enter Cullrge. IV Vstinnal Commercial, Acriiul !? fUtdllUIIal lumlind Home Science coune; Carpentry, Printing, lllacktmitliing, Weaving, each two years in length Nursing, three yeara. V. Foundation the common school branches, with other iiilijec la of practical value. SPECIAL DEPARTMENTS (a) Raltfioaa Education Cuuraes in Religious, Moral and Social Uadenhlp. (b) Muaie-Cablnet Organ, Piano, Singing, Theory, Band, Orvhetlra, and special course (or teachers. (c) fstaaatna I trtnrrs, Farm Chautauqua, loatitutea and Traveling Libraries. . . . ..,.. iiLJHL--. aa i jKwy'.w-.at ,j i-ft irI Do not come unless your application has been accepted. Winter Term opens January 4th, 1922 For Catalog and Full Information, address MARSHALL E VAUGHN, Secretary BEREA, KENTUCKY Expenses Cheaper than Staying at H lirrra's fhenda have made it poMiible to sasuvale an education at a l cost. All Uucicnte do aotue manual lbor which is credited on thrir srtiool bills, while many earn much of their way. These li w expenses aie not currd by unworthy de privations, but Mudcnts live comfortably at these rates. Haif day achool for thoae who htiaaj Uaal money. All applicants must -k room roaarva tiona in advance by a drpoait tf tout dollars. PA1.L TKUM Inclitrntal !'.- fur Trim . . Mmnn laud baol fur 7 weeks) , '7 41111H111I dii Srl uf In m .... ILvS Humd, wirk. lu amlitlr of umi 10 So Totatt fur Term 4tt.ftS WINTKU TKMM Itu-htrnial Fee fr trim 4 uo Huum (aud Hoojij for a wek . . . Amount due ir1 of term .... Biatid a week, ilue miodlt of trim .w Total for T'rw 11.4M hfHIN'l TKKM lUkUiratal Pr for lerat ou Huum (sad buoid lor works) . . . iytu aroaiftM o .u e.ae .e to Amount dur Aral of Krm .... i) w wuaid j warka, due middle of trim iv;j Total for Traa 4 H.aa SOTI-CalnM llilmk tM tlM a ara a avi.ialil fast Vo aaa tiaaM atan II SS a ka takataMlo.