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Pe-xrotcl to tlio Interests of tlie JLTo-cintgLln People BEREA PUBLISHING CO. (tNCOnPWATtO) MARSHALL tV. VAUCHN. Mtar Our Threefold Aimi Te ftv tha New of Br and Vkteitt To Record the HannMilnm of junta. tuMUMf i Berea College; To ba of Infaraat r 10 bji im Mountain Vol xzm. Five Cents For Cop BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, JANUARY 6, 1923 Ono Dollar and Fifty Cent Pef Year No. 28 MANY BIG STEEL PLANTS RESUME Considerable Improvement in In dustry Reported in Last Thirty Days. IS UROMETER FOR BUSINESS Factories In th Pittsburgh Ara Re port Rtvlval of Trado Inor. nioul Order Rcived From Japan. pittimo-gh. iee. si. with irea hut few houra awn)-. 1921 I passing out with more pi Hilt resuming iHrntl'ii. II over Pennsylvania. There has lieen considerable Improvement In the steel Industry within tlir last thirty lnyn. and the oiening of t now year will fo many plants starting up In whole or lu part. Barometer for Business. The steel nillli air the national In dnstrlal barometer. When the mill arc dimn hard times prevail through out the land. A hundred klnda of In dostry. In no win related to steel, boi)in or alump equally along with the motal maker.' When the atvel mill begin to resume the country evidence prosperity. Rtvlval of Steel Trado Reported. From the areiit renter such llfts rmrrh, Youngstown Newcastle, Sharon. McKecsport, Homestead, Bruddock and Innnineralde other towns of this atate announcements have come of a revival of the steel trade, not excitable but a teady Increase In oeratloiis. To Operate at Capacity. In the liisi few days annie concerns havo announced) their Intention to re sume at hperstlng capacity for an In definite period ; others, entirely Idle for six month or a year, are going to start up at least part time. In annul In Btances better than that. Big Order Received From Japan. Tho Carnegie Steel and particularly tho American Sheet and Tin plate com pany officials atate their mills are do tal much better but cautiously an nounce they cannot say how long It will keep up. Tbo great Westlnghouse plant here havo Just received enormous orders from JsNin and elsewhere and I on 4 ran with more worker employed are assured. Tho Allegheny Steel company will resume January 1. and small plants are reopening. LIBERTY BONDS WORTH MORE Advanca In Pries Ha Addad $2,000,. 000,000 to Their Valu Thi Yar. New Tork, Ier. 31. The advance In Lllierty bonds this year ha added approximately f-J.tmn.OOO.OtW to their value. It was estimated. The greater part of the gain was made In the hit ter part of the year, the buying; move ment starting about September I and reaching Its crest In the latter piirt of November when ninny Issue sold at the highest levels for the year. The buying was for Investment purposes, attracted by the low price" iiiaiiy bonds had been selling nt. The great oat advance was innile In Liberty :t's. which rose $U.7t from the tow prb-e of the year. The fourth Liberty rose about ten points which IncreiiM-d the value of the SUtTiO.iss MK) out atandlng bonds more than Mio.issius'i The treasury. It Is estimated, bus re tired approximately siii.Wm.ism of Lib orty bonds this year. . GARMENT STRIKE CALLED OFF Employer Withdrawal of Pitetwork Dsmandi Pacific 8,000 Work, ra In Chicago. Chicago, Iee. 81. Benjamin Schea , Inger, president of the garment work or' union, called (off a strike which' ha kept n.OfJ Idle slnro IVcemher 1. after a confereneo with the Chicago cloak and suit manufacturer. Tho basis of the settlement was tho with drawal of tho employ era1 demands for piecework system, flve-hnur-a-week Increase In hour and a decrease In pay. ATTEMPT TO WRECK TRAIN PI hi of Log Discovered Aero Rail ovor Which Taxa Train Wa Duo to Pass. piano, Tex, Dec. 81. An attempt wa mado to wreck northbound Hou ston and Texaa Central passenger train No, 20 two mile north of hero. A pll of cross tie waa discovered across tho track and tho train waa topped barely In tltno to avoid wrack. It took twenty minutes to re novo tho obstruction. Record for Divorce Broken. Philadelphia. Pa, Doe. 31. W vorcee granted hero this year totaled ,!, the highest ouraber ovor re corded, but tho number of new aulta begun waa only 1.832. tho lowest lnce 101S. More than twn-thlrda of those Booking divorce wort wives. WILL NOT REOPEN SHANTUNG FIGHT Negotiations at Washington Over Question Closed Book, Says Tokyo. HAS REGRETS FOR DEADLOCK Foreign Official Declare China' Ob duracy Preclude Any Concession by the Japanese Government Newspaper War On. Tokyo, Dec. 30. Although regret ting the deadlock, exist lug In the Shan tung negotiation In Washington with China, Japan will not reopen them. Thla attitude wsi made plain by forclgu office officials, who were moved to comment on the matter by report reaching here of displeasure In the United States over Japan' flraioea In the Shantung matter. However, It waa stated. ' Japan will not refuse friendly suggestion from the United State and Ureal Britain, although not promising to act there on. Recognize Chineao Sentiment. "We regret that a deadlock haa been made necessary aolely by China' attitude." said a foreign office official "Wo recognise that there la atrong sentiment In China on tho Issue. But we also recognize that there la strong sentiment la Japan against further concession. The government U merely Interpreting the sentiment In her attitude. Chin ha remained ob durate In the negotiation while all the time Japan wa making conces sion. For Japan to make further concessions now would simply mean that China would continue to ask for more." What China might ask for, the of ficial did not aay, but hi remark were Interpreted a referring to the Manchuria question, which Japan ba refused to have brought up. Japan Will Cut Army. Japan will rut her army by 60,000, a local newspaper declared It wa reliably Informed. . The cut will bo made In tho now budget about to bo presented to the diet. According to tho newspaper tho war office hopea to bring about Increased effectiveness through the reduction la number. The reduction cornea a a result of a hot newsiner fight In which the Japanese pers In their new and editorial columr have urged cut In the land armament program a well as Ihe naval reductions planned by the Wushltigton conference. The general staff waa severely criticized during the campalgu. OFF TO THE NORTH WOODS Mr. Stilfman Goes to Canada to Seek Witnesses Accompanied by Son. New York. IVc. 81. Mr. Ann Unjnhart Stlllmnn left for Quebec, where she plans to prosecute the last phase of her fight to disprove the charges James A. Stlllmnn made when he sued to divorce her and lllegltlma tlr.e her sou. tiny Stlllnian., Jnmea ("Hud") Stlllman. tho eldest Stlllmun son, who went to his mother' side when the suit wa launched, went with her. So did Chnrlea O'Brien, a lawyer fnan the office of John K. Bren nun of Yonkers, chief defense attor ney. Entering Canada at Sherhrooke, Mr. Stlllman will take the one a-'liiy trnln for I-fl Tuque. Ihe railroad' "furthest jiorth" In the Stlllmnn case territory. "I feel I am going up to fight for my life," she subl, "and when I get to l.a Tuque 1 feel the Oght shall have start oil." ALLEGED FORGER AT LARGE Howard Hilton of Withee, Wle, Es cape Afttr Beating Deputy Sheriff In Office of Milwaukee Attorney. Milwaukee, Dec. 81. Howard Hil ton of Withee, Wis., being held here on a forgery charge, escaped from the office of. hi attorney after beating a derluty sheriff. Hilton, under guard, wa given permlsHlon to gi to the office of hla attorney to communicate by tele phone with relative In Minneapolis In connection with securing ball, fo lic aay he la wanted for forger! e In Chicago, Springfield, 111., and 8L Paul. "PUSSYFOOT" IS BACK HOME Many Ohio- Prohibition- Advocate Gather at Weetsrvillo T Tour New Zealand. Westervllle. O.. Dec. 81. Town, folk of Westervllle, aided by pro. hibltlon advocate from other Ohio cltlea. officially welcomed houio Wil liam K. ("I'uasyfoot") Johnson Inter nationally ' known prohibition worker, Just returned from a lecture tour of India. After a lecture In tbo South Johnson plunk to tour Now Zealand, be announce.. Ml 11 1 vf'jrvv 1 Yankee iloughhoy .oidding hla waa leaving Coblent for home. 2 Dlt'Ulble Itoni. piin'ha.ed from Italy, Sairy Gamp's Modern Counterpart Still Competing With Trained Nurse By ISABKLL M. 8TEWART. The struggle to maintain "decent nursing itandatd has been going on since the first schools for nurses were founded in this country in 1873, and the battle is not yet won by any means. Reactionists who believe in the efficiency of the pre-Nightingale nurse are active in advertising the virtues of the untrained or semitrained combination of domestic and nurse, who is miraculously to relieve pie present shortage of nurses and whose services are to be especially designed for the sick poor and for the rest of us who belong Co the unfortunate wture-earning class. But these modern Sairy Gamps never bave seen anything in nursing except a form of simple manual work requiring some dexterity and a smattering of elementary knowledge which they believe can be obtained in a few weeks or months by any ordinary woman who can read and write. They usually state that they consider any knowledge beyond this a posi tive detriment and an encroachment on the province of the physician. They believe 'that a worker of this type vnil be quite willing, not only to care for the sick in the ordinary family, but to do a considerable share of the housework as well at the modest sum of $15, or at most of $25, a week. Once all this had been accomplished, they will promise that large numbers of highly competent women will flock into this field of work and that soon every one will be able to employ a nurse at less cost than on) can employ a cook or housemaid. HOUSE DESTROYED BT FIRE The house and it contents of Mr. Glossup, of near Waco, were destroy ed by fire Tuesday. The fire caught in the roof, and as the family were at breakfast, it was ready to fall in when the fire was discovered. The family barely escaped with what clothes they had on. There waa no insurance on th house, Killed In Row Over Auto. Oklnhoma City. Okla., Pec. 81. Search was being made for Shell Hec tor, who Is accuxed of having killed H. W. Ilrindley, thirty-five, president of the Muxtung State hunk. Muxtnng, Okln.. near here. Rector nrnued with Itrlnilley about an automobile. 39,40?,739 in France, rarl. Dec. 81. The official result of the general census of llfJl give the populutlon of Frunce, Including Akace Lorraine, a 30.402.7:10, of which .VhVMO are foreigners. Tho populutlon In 1011 was 30,004.Ut2, In cluding l,in2.fl foreigner. MICKIE SAYS IP NOO VJAUY TVUkT VCe CREMA-wOClAA. AO PER NUTVUU COMB wAttOU (9iv vumevj vue've haads our PALE 'M ARC ROMrttU 1W I Ffcn. A MOtW OtwY MOW uvim' Ovtptu rr 2&&e- (lerinati saeetheurt fur well as tlrnt detachmeiit of army ot occupation, 1'rlnce of Wales replying to municipal addrea at Bombay, India." 8 arriving at Boiling Held, Washington. . Columbia. In The Survey. SERGEANT LUTHER SPENCE BROUGHT FROM OVERSEAS Sergeant Edward Luther Spence, who was killed at Chateau-Thierry, was sent to the family burying ground near Peoples in Laurel county the last of the week at the request of his relatives in this section of the State. Sergeant Spence has served in the army eight years, and was engaged in a few battles along the Mexican border, and be also served three years in the Philippine islands. He was a former student of the Foundation and Vocational Schools of Berea College. At the funeral an old Berea teacher talked about. him as a student; and one of his old, classmates, W. F. Cor nelius, told of Luther's school work and also his record as a soldier. Sergeant Spence has a number of friends, acquaintances, and relatives in this section that are very proud of his heroic record. KILLED IN JACKSON COUNTY A dispatch from London says that William Gay, merchant, living be tween McKee and Clover Bottom, in Jackson county, shot and instantly killed Wm. Felty, a farmer, in a fight Monday at the former's store. It is said that Felty attacked Gay with a knife following a dispute, and that the latter shot in self-defense. He was arrested and brought to McKee. Richmond Register. PROMINENT BEREA MAN A I. POINTED DEPUTY SHERIFF Bereana are pleased to learn of the appointment of our prominent neigh bor and friend, Ben Davis, for deputy sheriff in this end of the county. Mr. Davis's appointment followed his se lection by a committee of citiiens and th southern end of Msdison county is confident that Mr. Davis will do his utmost to maintain law and order. GUNTS OF SUNLIGHT Tell a women that her love affair ta hnmoroua, and she la your enemy for llf Marrlurv should ho ss difficult as iivnrc and divorce aa easy as mar- la go. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS France's Excessive Demands for Submarines Block Agree ment on That Topic. MR. BALFOUR'S PLAIN TALK Use of Submersible Against Com merce May Be Forbidden I rihj People Urge Ratification of Peace Treaty Longer Oc cupation of Haiti Con. aidered Necessary. By EDWARD W. PICKARD FItANCK'S conception of her needs In the way of a defensive navy and the firmness with which her dele gates upheld their position brought about a complete deadlock In the Washington conference last week and made It almost certain that no agree ment will be reached by the present gathering concerning the reduction and limitation of submarines and aux iliary naval tonnage. The other pow ers participating In the conference were willing to concede the falrnes of the French position concerning the reduction of her land armament, hut they feel that In this naval matter France Is demanding too much. Albert Snrraut, having received fresh Instructions from Paris, told the naval committee that France ac cepted the allowance of 175,000 tons of capital ships, contingent upon per mission to begin replacement building In 1027 Instead of 1931, hut Insisted that she be allowed 00.000 tons of submersible and KtO.000 tons of sux Ulary ships. The submarine tonnage he asked Is equal to the maximum proposed by Mr. Ilughes for Great Hrltuln and the United States snd three times' what Franco now has. Mr. r.tilfour. In language as plain as diplomatic usage permits, retorted that France could want such s subma rine fleet for no other purpose than lllegul use against commerce, that the plan was a direct threat against Great Britain, and that In the circum stances the British would agree to no limitation In the building of cruiser, destroyers and other antl-submiirlne vessels. To M. 8arrauf assertion that British fseirs of French aggres sion were bnseless since Britain was allowed a capital ship tonnage greater than that of Frunce and Italy com bined, Mr. Balfour replied that, in tho event of war between Great Britain and France, England, having no large army, could not str'ke at the heart of France, but France, employing a great navy of submarines against commerce, could destroy the "very existence" of Britain. To the layman It would seem that Mr. Balfour hnd the best of the debate, but M. Sarrnut waa unyield ing. Therefore Mr. Hughes, deploring the attitude of the French, an nounced with regret that an agree ment on the' reduction and limitation of submarine and auxiliary tonnage appeared Impossible. DKSPITK thla. th naval committee reached other agreements of great Importance which It waa as sumed the conference would con firm In Its next plenary session, Ono of these limits the ralllier of capital hip gun to 16 Inches. Another wa that th us of submarine against commerce be barred. The latter. In the form of a resolution drafted by Ellhu Root aa an established part of International In" t as follows: The slftje nowera, desiring to make mnreV - e tho rules adopt! by clvlllw"1 for the protection of the H' "at unit i-iim batanl- ( Continued oa paga I) World News By. J. R. Robertson, Professor V History and Political Science Berea College The Washington conference wHI soon be a thing of the past Tho members are now lesving for home. Regardless of the disagreements, the representatives, as they leave, pro nounce tho meeting a success and on that marks progress. It Is probable that the submarine question will have to be postponed to -a later time. This may not, however, be altogether a bad thing. It became apparent that small nations as well as th large ones were concerned In this and it may lead to another meeting which will bring together more nations In conference. At least it will give an excuse for such a gathering at a data not far distant. A conference of the Council of tha Allies is about to meet at Cannes, in France. Financial questions will ba dominant at this meeting, and it is quite possible that other nations in terested may he invited to send rep resentatives to Join in the confer ence. It is not impossible that Ger many and Russia may be summoned. The U. S. can participate only as an observer and our ambassador to England, Mr. Harvey, is expected to be present. The financial problems are at least coming to be understood better and some important readjust ments are expected especially affect ing Germany and Russia. The Russian Dictator,' Nlckolai Lenine, waa re-elected to his position by the Soviets of Russia. This is tha eighth meeting of that body, and the eighth election of their leader. A new executive comnvttee of the all- Soviet was chosen with Kalinin at its head, and this body appointed Lenine, whose official title is President of tha Peoples' Commissaries. The govern ment is absolutely helpless in meet ing the conditions that prevail, and the people are dying by thousands in the famine districts. Wolves are eoming out of the great forests and adding to the terror of the stricken people. Red Cross and relief helpers are obliged to go armed against the droves of hungry beasts. The New Year's reception to mem- 7 bers of the diplomatic corns by Presi dent Harding was made notable by the presence of Karl Lang, a "Charge d'AftVre" from Germany, who will act for his country until an ambas sador is chosen. The acceptance of his credentials was hurried up in or der that ho might appear with tha. others on New Year's Day. Several names have been suggested for tha nneition of ambassador, but the posi tion will be a hard one to fill, and the ritrht man does not vet seem to iave been found, Herr Lang will be- ome Consul General at New York, when he is succeeded in Washington. 'ater on. The American Secretary of Labor, Tames J. Davis, has made an inter esting suggestion in regard to immi gration. According to this plan for eigners would not be excluded be "ause of inability to read or write, hut they would be provided with an ducation by the Federal Govern ment. The fund to carry this on would be secured by having all aliens register and pay a fee of from $2 to $10. It has been estimated thst this would provide enough to make the plan feasible. Mr. Davis, as head of the Department of Labor, has over sight of the immigration system. ' The suggestion has not met much ap proval, but there are some good points that deserve consideration. Mr. Davis is of Welsh descent and his own father would have been ex cluded under tha present law. Russia's former ambassador to the U. S., Baron Rosen, died in New York during the wek as the result of an injury by a taxi which struck him. He was one of th representa tives of Russia at tha conference which closed the war between Rus sia snd Japan. He served aa ambas sador to the U. S. from 1905 to 1911. H's property was lost when th Bol shevist regime cama Into power, and when he arrived In th U. S. ha had only a few hundred dollars. Until his death ho earned his living by writing fc" the papers, and a book f his memoirs had just been accept ed by art English publishing house at the t'iri of his death. He said he was never happier than during bis life In tho U. S. when ha found ha cou'd make hla wn living by hla work. '