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THE citizen January $, 1022 MOUNTAIN AGRICULTURE Comforted by Mr. Robert F.Spenee. Farm Demonstrator and Special Investigator I'Ol I.TKY HINTS FOR 1922 Important Qnentiona to Ask No 1. Wrrc your pulk'ti hatched early lt spring? 2. Pii thoy receive proper feed ami care during the summer? :. I your poultry house properly constructed ? 4. Di yvu rive your hens the proper kind of feed? AKho the answer to the first two questions will not help you in get tintf more eggs thia winter, now is the time to go over last year'a re sults and make plana for next year. Housing It is possible to fix most puoltry houses over in such way to make them much more aatisfactory than they are at present. The cracks should have strips nailed over them to keep out the cold. The floor, if of dirt, should be filled in so that it will be slightly higher than the ground on the outside, to keep the water from running in. A window on the south aide will allow more unl:ght to enter and keep the house both warmer and dryer, and some ar rangement for ventilation without drafts ahould he made. More cases of mop have been re ported this year thin before and much of thia trouble can be eliminat ed by keeping the floor of the house dry and not over-crowding the birds . in the house. Allow four square feet of floor space for each kird kept un der confinement during the winter. For example a 20x20 house will ac commodate 100 birds. If you are not satisfied with your poultry house and plan to build a new one, the Poultry Department or your county agen$ will be glad to help you with the plans. Feeding In feeding poultry, it should be remembered that a certain amount of feed is necessary for body mainten ance, and that all feed given over that amount, if of the proper kind goes into the production of eggs. The following ration haa been used by many Kentucky farmers and has fiven good results: DRY MASH Bran ZO'A, Short SOrc Commeal 309;, Tankage or meat scrap 20'.i GRAIN Cracked Corn 70' Oats or Wheat 30' If as much as one gallon of milk per day tj 30 hens is given, the tankage or meat scrap can be omit ted from the mash. The mash should be kept in a self feeder at all times and as much grain feed as the birds consume mash. This can be done by mixing equal parts of both grain and mash and feeding so that both run out at the same time. Oyster shell or ground limestone should be kept before the hens at all times. Lica If your hens are infested with lice, it will decrease the egg production. One of the best things to use for lice is Sodium Fluoride, which can be purchased at most drug stores. It can be applied either with a can with small holes punched in the top or by the pinch method. The latter 'method consists of taking a small pinch between the fingers and placing it under the fluff feathers, at the base of the tail and neck and under each wing. Every bird in the flock should be treated in thia manner at the same time. Mites Clean the house thoroly, spray with 3 to 5 percent solution of some good stock dip, and then paint the roost poles with a full strength solution of the same material. Scaler Legs It is generally thought by many that scaley legs is an indication of age, but it ia really caused by a small mite which works in under the scales on the leg of the bird. A very good treatment ia to first wash the legs thoroly with warm water and then apply lard and kerosene (equal parts). The treatment may have to be re peated in about ten days for bad cases. Care should be taken not to get the lard and kerosene on other than the legs of the bird, as it will take the skin off and sometimes make bad sores. SWIFT I'ROni'CE REVIEW Large supplies of poultry were carried over the holidnys, and while the movement from the farms has been lighter, there has been an ample supply for current requirements. Receipts of fresh eggs are increas ing in practically all sections, due to the mild open weather, and possibly rome fowl will be held back on this account. Prices have declined rapid ly, due to the large supply. The American Association of Creamery Iiutter Manufacturers re ported an increase of ovor 60 percent in the make of butter for week end ins; December 24. In addition to this increase In the domestic production, some large ship ments of butter have ben received, or are enroute from Australia to New York; in fact, 40,000 packages tf M pounds each, or 2,240,000 pounds are reported available this week and next. In addition, there are moder ate shipments arriving from Den mark, ineae conditions point to full supply of butter and moderate prices. CINCINNATI MARKET. Hay and Grain. Porn- No. 2 while W.'f.Vl. No. 9 MKi.M. Y. 4 white IT'iflJSH No. 'J rll..v :crt N. 4 yellow 48 fi is. N. 2 mixed .VifisM. Sound liny-Timothy per ton $1!ft 20.m. clover mixed 0.if? Iiloo Wl t - No. 2 red 12.V!.M No. S re. .1 Jofj 1.22. No. 4 red 1.1.'li 1.18 lints - No. 2 white :!! ti H No. .1 wlille :w i ;t:. No. 2 mixed :!7038 So. '.' mixed SKI 'I .'". Buttsr, Eggs and Poultry. Hutter hole milk creamery extrss -Ifiv. centralized extras 42c, firsts 37c fancy diary XU: F.ggs-Fxira first 4.V, first 41c ordinary firsts ,'t.V. Live Poultry Fryer 2 Tbs auri over 'Ji.e fowls 1 lbs mid oer 'jiic, under 4 lbs Hie, rooster 1 1. Live Stock. t'nttle - Steer, good to clioh-e 0.00 ''1 7..'iit. fair to good SYisKi i.o0 com nion to fn'r Ki V lieifers, good to choice Jii.iKKj $7.i, fnlr to good ...oi fj 1'i.im, cniinni.N to fa'r .'t.."iO'ti o.tiO inn nem 1.."H'1 $2. stock hefer $3.."iO'!f 4..--0. stoik steer Jlil.V.Vl. Cube CinuI to clioiiv i:i.."it fair to od .!' 12, common and large Sheep lioi (I to choice :'.V' I, fair to good ; ij :'..". common a. 1 .." : lambs, fair to choice $1 1 if 1 1 ..". fair to gissl '! 11. Hour Heavy Ssf) 8 1." choice pucker ami butcher s 2.1 medium $S.2."fj S..V) common to eho.-e heavy fat sows .'f;i, light shipers $'.UK), pigs (llll lbs ami le-) .V'j!. INSECT TALES . The true name of the daddy long let; is the cm no tly. The cull of a katydid can be heard a quarter of a mile. The "Insect hell," a Japanese beetle, emit harmonious sounds like those uf a It'll. The mole cricket has curious mole llke hands, ailmlrulily adapted for digging. A mother wasp will mthleas'y kill any of her offspring which ah finds feelde or deformed. A cnterplllar will. In the course of a month, eat food welching fi,OnO times as much as It own body. Grasshopper In South America at tain a length of five Inches and their wind's spread out ten Inches. The largest Insect known, but now extinct, was a dragon fly, which had a wing spread measuring two feet. There are spiders In Argentina that spin webs on telephone and telegraph wires heavy enough, when dew soaked, to cause short circuits. The flea ran hop over an obstacle Win time Its height. If man were capable of leaping In the same pro portion, lie could easily hop over a mountain 3,tin feet high. GEMS OF THOUGHT No sword bites so fiercely as an Idle tongue. I.uvater. In general, treachery, though at first Hutllclently caution, yet ia the end be trays Itself. Llvy. The highest reach of human science is the recognition of human iguorance. Kir W. Hamilton. It is better to fall among crows than flatterers; for those devour only the deuil these the living. Autlatiieue. A Negligent Fallow. "John Slack has lout his job as road overseer," announced the gaunt Mis sourlan. . "What did he dor inquired bis wife. "He didn't have anything to do, and he wouldn't even do that." Litsrally True. "I'll bet this Is a one-horse town," said the city fellow. "You said It, old iiihd," replied toe suburbanite. "Everybody In town has an automobile but one niau, sud he Sticks In hl horse" A proven remedy for Catarrh, Asthma, Hay Fever, Tuberculosis and similar troubles. For terms and testimonials Will J.L.W4 mij Co. MlSUr!ias.Kf . AMERICANS CONSUME FEW FISH COMPARED WITH OTHER NATIONS 1 JMaaassaMSJtIIIijaL Th Suontr a Fisri Can Be Served Aiur doing Caugnt tn More Appt.tmng It Will B. (ITvp.ird by th fnltfd States Depart ment nf Agriculture.) Many families .luring the war formed the habit of having two or three I1r.li day a week and some of them have kept it up ever i-lnce. Many tllicrs, if the) tried It, would find that the u-e of more llsb adds pleasant variety to the meal. America has u good a tixh supply a any country in the world. ny food S le galists of the I'nlted States IVpart nient of Agriculture, but Americans at less fish than the people of ninny other countries. Kor Instance. In Kite 'and an average of ." pound of flsli iearl for each person I eaten, while Tier- the average Ik wily IS pounds. All told, there are said to be about '00 kinds of edible flsb available In he I'lilted Stutes, but most mtsoiis ire fnmiHar with not more than u flor.Mi. It Is a good plan to try new liiils ikf flsli whenever there Is an op portunity and. If they are not avail able In the local market, to suggest to :he fl-liinan that he add theiii to his u ply. Also, If freti llsb cannot be .obtained, many kinds of salt, smoked and canned fish can be Jilppcd any where at any season of the year. How to Select a Fresh Fish. Whenever possible. It is best to go to the market and select fish. A fresh fish has full, bright eyes, bright red gills, tlnn tlcsh and a freh odor. The dish along the backbone should be ex hmIiic'I vi lib spccl.il care. hiHituse that I where a h-h spoils first. Frown tili should be bought In that condition and tbav.ed In H cod place Just before conkitig. Much of the p i'J Uc'ice agiiinsi frocn tish has cine from the fact that It was iliaueil out sone lime l.rfi.re It :i sold. Klsh dm s not i lcin'e In tlav.ir ilnd food a: ic o I.iiiu as :l reina ti from., but it .m, i. , r ij ii. kly after it is t!i:i .1. MILK DELIVERED TO CITIES Figures Announced by Department of Agriculture on Yotal Cost to Ultimate Consumer. (Prepared by the I'nlted Stale IVrnrt ment of Aitrlcullure.i The total cost of milk delivered to the consumer's door io Columbus, U during the tlrst six nxnilhs of I'.i'Jli, ranged from 11.3 cent. up to l.'i.Itcentu per qnurt. If the costs of otie company which does business lu "cvrMieoV" milk are omitted, according to the fig ures recently announced by the I'nited Mate I'epartmeiit of Agriculture. The cost of the raw milk delivered at the dairy ranged from 8.7 cents to 10 cents per quart. The totul cost of op erating the dalrv plant, including the pasteurizing and bottling of the milk, ranged from 1 rent to 1.4 cenu ?r quart, and the cost of delivering the milk ftoro the dairy to the consumer ranged from Mil cents to 3.1 cents per quart. The Item of administrative expense varies widely, being as low as two tenth of a rent ier quart for one small company and as high as 1 cent per quart for a large couceru. Two of the seven companies covered were small concerns which produi-ed their own milk supply. The co-t of producing the milk for these cm panics in 1!J0 was 8.0 cent rr quart, which Is very similar to the price paid for milk by the larger concerns. One of the item of eost which ba attracted .most .attention among tu 4 .,1 " I .-, " ,t, J,- ; Keeping Account ei Fesa Civu to Cows Is Necessary to Determine Cost of Producing Milk. a n ni ' I Broiled Fish. Itrollltig over coal of under the gas thiine until brown I favorite way of preparing the smaller tlsh. Fresh fish of one to tu pounds size, or smoked tish, uch ns llnnatl baildle or white tlsh. are delicious nerved In this way. Wash the tlsh. split, m ason, dot w ith fat, place on a greased broiler and broil until tin flake can be easily sep arated. If a ga broiler I used, place the rack several Inches below the tliune and brown. Sliced onion make an at tractive garnish mid gives additional flavor and fcMsl value. Boiled Fish. Itoiled fih I eitsil prepnrisl and, when served with a well-seasoned same. I delicious. Cik whole or. If t large, cut In pieres. Cover with bolUng salted wa ter, but do not allow It to boil rapidly, a hard boiling breaks the tlsh. Cook for ten minutes M-r pound. Strwig flavored tlsh, sm h as carp, I improved by adding a half cupful of vinegar to the cooking wiiter. Baked Fish. I'm' the whole fish or a piece frwn the middle of a large one If desired, stuff with mashed Hita toes, cooked rbv, or bread crumb well seasoned. Cut gushe down the back and insert strip of salt pork or dot with fat. I'redge with line cora meal or flour, phire in a baking pan and cook till len'.er. allowing leu lo twelve minutes a pound. Sometime 1Kb Is luk.d In a tomato saife or In milk enough to cover thp bottom of the pan. Fried FlsH. Stnnll flsh may be fried a hole; lurger ones should be cut Into piece suitable for serving. Koll the lis) i in corn u I or flour, or dip It In hatter, or In bread crumbs, egg, and iignin In crumb. Fry In deep fat. or 'li a small amount of fat In n skillet. Fish fried In d.s p Ail Is less likely to he grcii-y lliun when fried in u pan. - -sr dents of the milk business I the so called "bottle loss." The depart ment' study lii'lo u'e that for the companies covered In Columbus Ibis item ranges from one tenth to two tenths of a cent -r quart. (rent ditliculty wa experleni'ed In gelt'ng any satisfactory Information concerning the shrinkage which takes plce In the b addling and delivery of milk, but according to the best data available this Item amounts to be tween 2.3 mt i-ent and fi.5 per cent of the total volume of milk. Columbus s a city of .'tT.U'll popula tion, which Is reHrteil to consume about 7..' quarts of milk per an num. This milk Is supplied by over 2,1 U producer, froiiv 15 different coun ties, ami I transported to Columbus from a territory having a radius of :iri mile Conditions anixar to be fairly representative of many Middle Western cities. The Invest igul Ion covered seven companies, which sold about lll..'Hl,illrll quarts of ml I k and cream In l'.i'-'o, or approximately (io per cent uf the total quantity consumed. The companies ranged in size from a very small one wagon concern up to the largest, which ierated 10 milk mute. , From the point of view of the farm er and the consumer, the linporlunt quest inn Is, What doe It cost to han dle the milk from the farm to the cotisumer? The cost of raw milk" was between 1st ier cent and 7.'i per cent of the total cost of Uie uillk as it reaches the consumer. iMirlng the M-rlod under study the retail price of Crude A milk lu Co lumbus, as quoted by the dealers In vestigated, ranged from 13 cent to 14.3 cents st quart, though during II CD the two sum 1 1 dealers sold their milk, which conies from tube rcullu lested cows, for 1.1 cent per quart. At the smiie time the wholesale price of milk ranged from 12 cents to UVs Cent. The average uiiiulier of customer ler route in I !''-' I rniiged from bill to 2IT. and the number of quart mt wugon ranged from 178 lo lilH, the avcrut'e be'ng '.'(!.'. It Is noteworthy thai I he most profitable company was the one having the largest average wagonlnud. JOHN WHITE & CO. . Wue M ZjVl&iiljS?, Raw Furs HOME DEPARTMENT Conducted by the Home Economics Department of Berea College IIOMK NURSING lly Helen It. Kersey, American Red Cross Section I The old saying mat an ounce ofi prevention is worth a pound of cure i is very true in the field of health. I The very best way tn treat a patient ia to begin before he acquires the ' disease. Iluild up a strong, healthy body, ready to- resist the attacks I made by colds, grippn, indigestion ami like "minor ailments," and half i the battle is won against dieaxe. , The serious dieaes find rich ground I for their deadly work prepared by i these vigor-sapp'ng, ordinary trou ! hies to which we resign ourselves with the thought, "O everyone has colds.'' I Mature ha given us bodies suited tn a natural life, hut civilization and our mode of living demand that we adapt ourselves to an artificial life; and the poor bodies are made to suf- V 1' HI MPII'll W M U ' J . A t . .1.- .i.-i, ...i :'L ... v...r.'rm"--'h to entirely cover the mat jus; we conduct our business acrord ' ing to business hours, with little 'thought as tn rest and exercise; we sleep when we "drop in our tracks." r.- . . V , Our motto seem to be, "Fat a rap I idly a possible, sleep as little as pos ! sible, go as fast as possible." ! Well balanced meals, inrlu.hng lit i tie meat more for a worker oul 'doors than for one inside plenty of ! vegetables, such as spinach, cabbage, i turn ps. carrots, besides the usual ; potato; fruits every day; little sugar i and fat, and plenty of pure water ! make for comfortable sleep and vig orous work. This food should be I well cooked not swimming in grease j ami then well chewed before it is , swallowed. Meal should come at reirular hour with enough time be i tw-een them tn give the stomach a chance to rest. Kight hour of sleep I with plenty of fresh air in the sleep 1 ing rooms should be enough for most : adults, but children need ten hour of , rest. Fxerrise in the open, and fre I quent baths keep the body alive and I tingling. The strong constitution j built up by regular hnbit of eating, ' sleeping, and exerc'sing is the firt and best weapon against sickness. The Medicine Closet To meet the emergencies and usual , trial of the ord nary family, the j medicine closet is an essential. It ' need not occupy more than one shelf, and should not be, stocked with pat ent medicine. A few proven stand-1 by will suffice for common needs ! Iodine for sprains and bruises; . cohol for sterilizing; an antiseptic ; salve, such as rarborated petroleum ' for broken bruises; aromatic sprits j cf ammonia t revive a peron who 'ha fainted -these are the "first aid"! helps. To be sure that one is ready j : for an emergency, sterile cloths (ster- j ilizeil by boiling them inside another! ',.1.. (I, . u..... . . i : ! . iii! lot-m io tiry in n, nun allowing noth'ng to touch them) and ! a two-inc h sealed bandage (bought J at any drug store) must lie in the loset. For the common ailments I keep A menthol salve to use tn mas sage the infected parts in colds and j headaches; a mild laxative for con stipation (to be used seldom in order ' not t allow the body tn depend upon medicine for daily habits), A goo. I j hotwater bottle with syringe attach ment and a clinical thermometer , should also be in this closet. Nature is anxious to do her work i of curing disease if we but give her a chance. Medicines only aid when conditions are abnormal, and then merely assist nature build up what carelessness and ignorance have brok en down. Touring medicine into the body very often causes more harm than the original trouble. The Sirk Room When a person becomes ill, the first thing he need is quiet. If at all possible, he should be placed in a room alone. Neighbora and friend should not lie allowed to take thia op portunity tn visit and "talk him to death." Quiet and rest give the body energy to fight off the disease, but if that energy is wanted in listen ing to well meaning friends tell about their troubles, the patient will be excited and worried until the prob lem of the dis tor and nurse becomes much worse than the sickness alone. If the illness Is of short duration and the patient is not very sick, it is unnecessary to have a room tape I dully filled for a "sick room," but it j is very important thfcf the patent be away from thu rest of the family and I that he should have as much quiet i a is possible. In a long, serious Ill ness, a room apart from the family and fitted to the needs of the patient is a blessing. This ia absolutely es sential in the rase of a contagious disease. It is not necossary fur a family of ten or twelve to become 111 s'mply because Johnny "caught" the chicken-pox at school. If Johnny is is' luted from the family and no one save hia nurse is allowed to enter bis room, and she Is careful to touch nothing about the food of the family, Johnny will not be the cause of an epidemic of chicken-pox in his com munity. The furnishing of this sick room should be as simple as possible, and . , . , miiii-ii-ii Tiii-jr run iit ritsoy rirnn- ed and is not a harbor for germ. A small table, two chairs, and a dresser or set of drawers for the bed linen will complete the furniture of this room. The bed should he placed so that the window is at the patient' left; above all, he should not have tn face the light. All rugs, draperies, and tit tains, save a 'ignt curtain at the window, should be re moved from the room. These drap eries are hard to clean and form a nest in which the germs remain af ter the pat'ent is well. An alumi num bed-pan, a clinical thermometer, anil a tray for the patient's food should be at hand. The linen should be changed as of ten as possible to keep the bed fresh and clean. Sheets should be large tress tn form a protection for the bedding. The upper sheet should fold over the top of the blankets to nr.it.... f k..n, .11 .....I !!....:.! i 'u ' The pillows should be soft enough not to tire the patient, and a small pillow to be ued at his back will rest him very much. Alcohol for disinfectant and tn rub on the pati ent's back should be ever present in the sick room. This might he called an Ideal sick room, and unnecessary for most dis eases, but it will be found to be a Treat help to the ihsrtor and nire. .nd a comfort to the patient. REAL SNAP TO THEM I'S better lo Ire i never waa. "have been" thaa People hate to get a reputation for being what the) really are. A man should do everything for the woman he love - except marry her. A pcusluilst would test with scld the lining In every cloud to see If It's Bllver. The Jilted girl used to take It to heart; now she lake It to court lu stead. Never Judge a woman by the color of her hair; It I not fair to her hair dresser. I A woman never dresse so rareful- lj as when she gm- to her best enemy. Kind hert may be more than coro ,., ,,ut , K,r, , think au. When a woman forgets an Injury she keeps forgetting that she ha for gotten It. A woman who can carry an umbrel la and look graceful rau do auythlnf or enytMKly. If s woman cannot be one man's meat, she I likely to become another man's poison. If a woman nuiat marry a man without brnlns, let her at least take one who baa manners. A woniBQ uever aeea evil In a good looking man. but she I alwsya sus picious uf a pretty woman. The greatest mathematician In the world has never yet been able to fore cast the exact result of one and one. When waiting for a man, you wait until he come. When waiting for a woman, you wait to see If she cotuea at ail. SNAPPY PARAGRAPHS lie who live only In future Joy will know many present pain. Ignorance Is the Inspiration of all argument. Most wive would be able to save money If their husband gave them enough to save. And a woman likes tn (line In a res taurant with her husband so that he cannot blame her for the cooking Fxccpt for an occasional funeral some men would never see the Inside of a ch arch. A wise man baits hi hook wIMi in quiry, while the fool bait with hi Im IK'rtlneiice. Yet the woman who married a poor man for love seldom wishes her daugh ter to do likew isv. Crowing old gracefully consist In growing obi ii you are exiited tot no eccentricities. It must be provoking lo be ulwsys In a minority. Iiou't think In such a revolutionary way. If a man empties hi purse Into his head no man tan tuke it away from him. Iteiijamlu Fruiikllu. No doubt the exercise of planting trees Is aa good for a man as the exer cise of rutting I hem down. A niau who keeps hi troubles to himself may be like a burst duin, oqcsj get hlui started.