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The citizen. [volume] (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, January 05, 1922, Image 6

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Fa go Sit
THE citizen
January $, 1022
MOUNTAIN AGRICULTURE
Comforted by Mr. Robert F.Spenee. Farm Demonstrator and Special
Investigator
I'Ol I.TKY HINTS FOR 1922
Important Qnentiona to Ask No
1. Wrrc your pulk'ti hatched
early lt spring?
2. Pii thoy receive proper feed
ami care during the summer?
:. I your poultry house properly
constructed ?
4. Di yvu rive your hens the
proper kind of feed?
AKho the answer to the first two
questions will not help you in get
tintf more eggs thia winter, now is
the time to go over last year'a re
sults and make plana for next year.
Housing
It is possible to fix most puoltry
houses over in such way to make
them much more aatisfactory than
they are at present. The cracks
should have strips nailed over them
to keep out the cold. The floor, if
of dirt, should be filled in so that it
will be slightly higher than the
ground on the outside, to keep the
water from running in. A window
on the south aide will allow more
unl:ght to enter and keep the house
both warmer and dryer, and some ar
rangement for ventilation without
drafts ahould he made.
More cases of mop have been re
ported this year thin before and
much of thia trouble can be eliminat
ed by keeping the floor of the house
dry and not over-crowding the birds
. in the house. Allow four square feet
of floor space for each kird kept un
der confinement during the winter.
For example a 20x20 house will ac
commodate 100 birds.
If you are not satisfied with your
poultry house and plan to build a
new one, the Poultry Department or
your county agen$ will be glad to
help you with the plans.
Feeding
In feeding poultry, it should be
remembered that a certain amount of
feed is necessary for body mainten
ance, and that all feed given over
that amount, if of the proper kind
goes into the production of eggs.
The following ration haa been used
by many Kentucky farmers and has
fiven good results:
DRY MASH
Bran ZO'A, Short SOrc
Commeal 309;, Tankage or meat
scrap 20'.i
GRAIN
Cracked Corn 70'
Oats or Wheat 30'
If as much as one gallon of milk
per day tj 30 hens is given, the
tankage or meat scrap can be omit
ted from the mash. The mash should
be kept in a self feeder at all times
and as much grain feed as the birds
consume mash. This can be done by
mixing equal parts of both grain and
mash and feeding so that both run
out at the same time. Oyster shell
or ground limestone should be kept
before the hens at all times.
Lica
If your hens are infested with lice,
it will decrease the egg production.
One of the best things to use for lice
is Sodium Fluoride, which can be
purchased at most drug stores. It
can be applied either with a can with
small holes punched in the top or
by the pinch method. The latter
'method consists of taking a small
pinch between the fingers and placing
it under the fluff feathers, at the
base of the tail and neck and under
each wing. Every bird in the flock
should be treated in thia manner at
the same time.
Mites
Clean the house thoroly, spray with
3 to 5 percent solution of some good
stock dip, and then paint the roost
poles with a full strength solution of
the same material.
Scaler Legs
It is generally thought by many
that scaley legs is an indication of
age, but it ia really caused by a small
mite which works in under the scales
on the leg of the bird. A very good
treatment ia to first wash the legs
thoroly with warm water and then
apply lard and kerosene (equal parts).
The treatment may have to be re
peated in about ten days for bad
cases. Care should be taken not to
get the lard and kerosene on other
than the legs of the bird, as it will
take the skin off and sometimes make
bad sores.
SWIFT I'ROni'CE REVIEW
Large supplies of poultry were
carried over the holidnys, and while
the movement from the farms has
been lighter, there has been an ample
supply for current requirements.
Receipts of fresh eggs are increas
ing in practically all sections, due to
the mild open weather, and possibly
rome fowl will be held back on this
account. Prices have declined rapid
ly, due to the large supply.
The American Association of
Creamery Iiutter Manufacturers re
ported an increase of ovor 60 percent
in the make of butter for week end
ins; December 24.
In addition to this increase In the
domestic production, some large ship
ments of butter have ben received,
or are enroute from Australia to
New York; in fact, 40,000 packages
tf M pounds each, or 2,240,000 pounds
are reported available this week and
next. In addition, there are moder
ate shipments arriving from Den
mark, ineae conditions point to
full supply of butter and moderate
prices.
CINCINNATI MARKET.
Hay and Grain.
Porn- No. 2 while W.'f.Vl. No. 9
MKi.M. Y. 4 white IT'iflJSH
No. 'J rll..v :crt N. 4 yellow 48
fi is. N. 2 mixed .VifisM.
Sound liny-Timothy per ton $1!ft
20.m. clover mixed 0.if? Iiloo
Wl t - No. 2 red 12.V!.M No.
S re. .1 Jofj 1.22. No. 4 red 1.1.'li 1.18
lints - No. 2 white :!! ti H No. .1
wlille :w i ;t:. No. 2 mixed :!7038
So. '.' mixed SKI 'I .'".
Buttsr, Eggs and Poultry.
Hutter hole milk creamery extrss
-Ifiv. centralized extras 42c, firsts 37c
fancy diary XU:
F.ggs-Fxira first 4.V, first 41c
ordinary firsts ,'t.V.
Live Poultry Fryer 2 Tbs auri over
'Ji.e fowls 1 lbs mid oer 'jiic, under
4 lbs Hie, rooster 1 1.
Live Stock.
t'nttle - Steer, good to clioh-e 0.00
''1 7..'iit. fair to good SYisKi i.o0 com
nion to fn'r Ki V lieifers, good to
choice Jii.iKKj $7.i, fnlr to good ...oi
fj 1'i.im, cniinni.N to fa'r .'t.."iO'ti o.tiO inn
nem 1.."H'1 $2. stock hefer $3.."iO'!f
4..--0. stoik steer Jlil.V.Vl.
Cube CinuI to clioiiv i:i.."it
fair to od .!' 12, common and
large
Sheep lioi (I to choice :'.V' I, fair
to good ; ij :'..". common a. 1 .." :
lambs, fair to choice $1 1 if 1 1 ..". fair
to gissl '! 11.
Hour Heavy Ssf) 8 1." choice pucker
ami butcher s 2.1 medium $S.2."fj S..V)
common to eho.-e heavy fat sows
.'f;i, light shipers $'.UK), pigs
(llll lbs ami le-) .V'j!.
INSECT TALES .
The true name of the daddy long
let; is the cm no tly.
The cull of a katydid can be heard
a quarter of a mile.
The "Insect hell," a Japanese beetle,
emit harmonious sounds like those uf
a It'll.
The mole cricket has curious mole
llke hands, ailmlrulily adapted for
digging.
A mother wasp will mthleas'y kill
any of her offspring which ah finds
feelde or deformed.
A cnterplllar will. In the course of a
month, eat food welching fi,OnO times
as much as It own body.
Grasshopper In South America at
tain a length of five Inches and their
wind's spread out ten Inches.
The largest Insect known, but now
extinct, was a dragon fly, which had a
wing spread measuring two feet.
There are spiders In Argentina that
spin webs on telephone and telegraph
wires heavy enough, when dew soaked,
to cause short circuits.
The flea ran hop over an obstacle
Win time Its height. If man were
capable of leaping In the same pro
portion, lie could easily hop over a
mountain 3,tin feet high.
GEMS OF THOUGHT
No sword bites so fiercely as an
Idle tongue. I.uvater.
In general, treachery, though at first
Hutllclently caution, yet ia the end be
trays Itself. Llvy.
The highest reach of human science
is the recognition of human iguorance.
Kir W. Hamilton.
It is better to fall among crows than
flatterers; for those devour only the
deuil these the living. Autlatiieue.
A Negligent Fallow.
"John Slack has lout his job as road
overseer," announced the gaunt Mis
sourlan. .
"What did he dor inquired bis wife.
"He didn't have anything to do, and
he wouldn't even do that."
Litsrally True.
"I'll bet this Is a one-horse town,"
said the city fellow.
"You said It, old iiihd," replied toe
suburbanite. "Everybody In town has
an automobile but one niau, sud he
Sticks In hl horse"
A proven remedy for
Catarrh, Asthma, Hay
Fever, Tuberculosis and
similar troubles.
For terms and testimonials
Will J.L.W4 mij Co. MlSUr!ias.Kf .
AMERICANS CONSUME FEW FISH
COMPARED WITH OTHER NATIONS
1
JMaaassaMSJtIIIijaL
Th Suontr a Fisri Can Be Served Aiur doing Caugnt tn More Appt.tmng
It Will B.
(ITvp.ird by th fnltfd States Depart
ment nf Agriculture.)
Many families .luring the war
formed the habit of having two or
three I1r.li day a week and some of
them have kept it up ever i-lnce. Many
tllicrs, if the) tried It, would find that
the u-e of more llsb adds pleasant
variety to the meal.
America has u good a tixh supply a
any country in the world. ny food S le
galists of the I'nlted States IVpart
nient of Agriculture, but Americans
at less fish than the people of ninny
other countries. Kor Instance. In Kite
'and an average of ." pound of flsli
iearl for each person I eaten, while
Tier- the average Ik wily IS pounds.
All told, there are said to be about
'00 kinds of edible flsb available In
he I'lilted Stutes, but most mtsoiis
ire fnmiHar with not more than u
flor.Mi. It Is a good plan to try new
liiils ikf flsli whenever there Is an op
portunity and. If they are not avail
able In the local market, to suggest to
:he fl-liinan that he add theiii to his
u ply. Also, If freti llsb cannot be
.obtained, many kinds of salt, smoked
and canned fish can be Jilppcd any
where at any season of the year.
How to Select a Fresh Fish.
Whenever possible. It is best to go to
the market and select fish. A fresh
fish has full, bright eyes, bright red
gills, tlnn tlcsh and a freh odor. The
dish along the backbone should be ex
hmIiic'I vi lib spccl.il care. hiHituse that
I where a h-h spoils first.
Frown tili should be bought In that
condition and tbav.ed In H cod place
Just before conkitig. Much of the p i'J
Uc'ice agiiinsi frocn tish has cine
from the fact that It was iliaueil out
sone lime l.rfi.re It :i sold. Klsh
dm s not i lcin'e In tlav.ir ilnd food
a: ic o I.iiiu as :l reina ti from., but
it .m, i. , r ij ii. kly after it is
t!i:i .1.
MILK DELIVERED TO CITIES
Figures Announced by Department of
Agriculture on Yotal Cost to
Ultimate Consumer.
(Prepared by the I'nlted Stale IVrnrt
ment of Aitrlcullure.i
The total cost of milk delivered to
the consumer's door io Columbus, U
during the tlrst six nxnilhs of I'.i'Jli,
ranged from 11.3 cent. up to l.'i.Itcentu
per qnurt. If the costs of otie company
which does business lu "cvrMieoV"
milk are omitted, according to the fig
ures recently announced by the I'nited
Mate I'epartmeiit of Agriculture. The
cost of the raw milk delivered at the
dairy ranged from 8.7 cents to 10 cents
per quart. The totul cost of op
erating the dalrv plant, including the
pasteurizing and bottling of the milk,
ranged from 1 rent to 1.4 cenu ?r
quart, and the cost of delivering the
milk ftoro the dairy to the consumer
ranged from Mil cents to 3.1 cents per
quart.
The Item of administrative expense
varies widely, being as low as two
tenth of a rent ier quart for one
small company and as high as 1 cent
per quart for a large couceru.
Two of the seven companies covered
were small concerns which produi-ed
their own milk supply. The co-t of
producing the milk for these cm
panics in 1!J0 was 8.0 cent rr quart,
which Is very similar to the price paid
for milk by the larger concerns.
One of the item of eost which ba
attracted .most .attention among tu
4 .,1 " I .-, " ,t, J,- ;
Keeping Account ei Fesa Civu to
Cows Is Necessary to Determine
Cost of Producing Milk.
a n
ni ' I
Broiled Fish. Itrollltig over coal of
under the gas thiine until brown I
favorite way of preparing the smaller
tlsh. Fresh fish of one to tu pounds
size, or smoked tish, uch ns llnnatl
baildle or white tlsh. are delicious
nerved In this way.
Wash the tlsh. split, m ason, dot w ith
fat, place on a greased broiler and
broil until tin flake can be easily sep
arated. If a ga broiler I used, place
the rack several Inches below the tliune
and brown. Sliced onion make an at
tractive garnish mid gives additional
flavor and fcMsl value.
Boiled Fish. Itoiled fih I eitsil
prepnrisl and, when served with a
well-seasoned same. I delicious.
Cik whole or. If t large, cut In
pieres. Cover with bolUng salted wa
ter, but do not allow It to boil rapidly,
a hard boiling breaks the tlsh. Cook
for ten minutes M-r pound. Strwig
flavored tlsh, sm h as carp, I improved
by adding a half cupful of vinegar to
the cooking wiiter.
Baked Fish. I'm' the whole fish or
a piece frwn the middle of a large one
If desired, stuff with mashed Hita
toes, cooked rbv, or bread crumb well
seasoned. Cut gushe down the back
and insert strip of salt pork or dot
with fat. I'redge with line cora meal
or flour, phire in a baking pan and
cook till len'.er. allowing leu lo twelve
minutes a pound. Sometime 1Kb Is
luk.d In a tomato saife or In milk
enough to cover thp bottom of the
pan.
Fried FlsH. Stnnll flsh may be fried
a hole; lurger ones should be cut Into
piece suitable for serving. Koll the
lis) i in corn u I or flour, or dip It In
hatter, or In bread crumbs, egg, and
iignin In crumb. Fry In deep fat. or
'li a small amount of fat In n skillet.
Fish fried In d.s p Ail Is less likely to
he grcii-y lliun when fried in u pan.
- -sr
dents of the milk business I the so
called "bottle loss." The depart
ment' study lii'lo u'e that for the
companies covered In Columbus Ibis
item ranges from one tenth to two
tenths of a cent -r quart.
(rent ditliculty wa experleni'ed In
gelt'ng any satisfactory Information
concerning the shrinkage which takes
plce In the b addling and delivery of
milk, but according to the best data
available this Item amounts to be
tween 2.3 mt i-ent and fi.5 per cent of
the total volume of milk.
Columbus s a city of .'tT.U'll popula
tion, which Is reHrteil to consume
about 7..' quarts of milk per an
num. This milk Is supplied by over
2,1 U producer, froiiv 15 different coun
ties, ami I transported to Columbus
from a territory having a radius of
:iri mile Conditions anixar to be
fairly representative of many Middle
Western cities.
The Invest igul Ion covered seven
companies, which sold about lll..'Hl,illrll
quarts of ml I k and cream In l'.i'-'o, or
approximately (io per cent uf the total
quantity consumed. The companies
ranged in size from a very small one
wagon concern up to the largest, which
ierated 10 milk mute. ,
From the point of view of the farm
er and the consumer, the linporlunt
quest inn Is, What doe It cost to han
dle the milk from the farm to the
cotisumer? The cost of raw milk" was
between 1st ier cent and 7.'i per cent
of the total cost of Uie uillk as it
reaches the consumer.
iMirlng the M-rlod under study the
retail price of Crude A milk lu Co
lumbus, as quoted by the dealers In
vestigated, ranged from 13 cent to
14.3 cents st quart, though during
II CD the two sum 1 1 dealers sold their
milk, which conies from tube rcullu
lested cows, for 1.1 cent per quart.
At the smiie time the wholesale price
of milk ranged from 12 cents to UVs
Cent.
The average uiiiulier of customer
ler route in I !''-' I rniiged from bill to
2IT. and the number of quart mt
wugon ranged from 178 lo lilH, the
avcrut'e be'ng '.'(!.'. It Is noteworthy
thai I he most profitable company was
the one having the largest average
wagonlnud.
JOHN WHITE & CO.
. Wue M ZjVl&iiljS?,
Raw Furs
HOME DEPARTMENT
Conducted by the Home Economics Department of Berea College
IIOMK NURSING
lly Helen It. Kersey, American Red
Cross
Section I
The old saying mat an ounce ofi
prevention is worth a pound of cure
i is very true in the field of health.
I The very best way tn treat a patient
ia to begin before he acquires the
' disease. Iluild up a strong, healthy
body, ready to- resist the attacks
I made by colds, grippn, indigestion
ami like "minor ailments," and half
i the battle is won against dieaxe.
, The serious dieaes find rich ground
I for their deadly work prepared by
i these vigor-sapp'ng, ordinary trou
! hies to which we resign ourselves
with the thought, "O everyone has
colds.''
I Mature ha given us bodies suited
tn a natural life, hut civilization and
our mode of living demand that we
adapt ourselves to an artificial life;
and the poor bodies are made to suf-
V 1' HI MPII'll W M U ' J . A t .
.1.- .i.-i, ...i :'L ... v...r.'rm"--'h to entirely cover the mat
jus; we conduct our business acrord
' ing to business hours, with little
'thought as tn rest and exercise; we
sleep when we "drop in our tracks."
r.- . . V
, Our motto seem to be, "Fat a rap
I idly a possible, sleep as little as pos
! sible, go as fast as possible."
! Well balanced meals, inrlu.hng lit
i tie meat more for a worker oul
'doors than for one inside plenty of
! vegetables, such as spinach, cabbage,
i turn ps. carrots, besides the usual
; potato; fruits every day; little sugar
i and fat, and plenty of pure water
! make for comfortable sleep and vig
orous work. This food should be
I well cooked not swimming in grease
j ami then well chewed before it is
, swallowed. Meal should come at
reirular hour with enough time be
i tw-een them tn give the stomach a
chance to rest. Kight hour of sleep
I with plenty of fresh air in the sleep
1 ing rooms should be enough for most
: adults, but children need ten hour of
, rest. Fxerrise in the open, and fre
I quent baths keep the body alive and
I tingling. The strong constitution
j built up by regular hnbit of eating,
' sleeping, and exerc'sing is the firt
and best weapon against sickness.
The Medicine Closet
To meet the emergencies and usual
, trial of the ord nary family, the
j medicine closet is an essential. It
' need not occupy more than one shelf,
and should not be, stocked with pat
ent medicine. A few proven stand-1
by will suffice for common needs
! Iodine for sprains and bruises; .
cohol for sterilizing; an antiseptic
; salve, such as rarborated petroleum '
for broken bruises; aromatic sprits j
cf ammonia t revive a peron who
'ha fainted -these are the "first aid"!
helps. To be sure that one is ready j
: for an emergency, sterile cloths (ster-
j ilizeil by boiling them inside another!
',.1.. (I, . u..... . . i : !
. iii! lot-m io tiry in n, nun
allowing noth'ng to touch them) and
! a two-inc h sealed bandage (bought
J at any drug store) must lie in the
loset. For the common ailments
I keep A menthol salve to use tn mas
sage the infected parts in colds and
j headaches; a mild laxative for con
stipation (to be used seldom in order
' not t allow the body tn depend upon
medicine for daily habits), A goo. I
j hotwater bottle with syringe attach
ment and a clinical thermometer
, should also be in this closet.
Nature is anxious to do her work
i of curing disease if we but give her
a chance. Medicines only aid when
conditions are abnormal, and then
merely assist nature build up what
carelessness and ignorance have brok
en down. Touring medicine into the
body very often causes more harm
than the original trouble.
The Sirk Room
When a person becomes ill, the
first thing he need is quiet. If at
all possible, he should be placed in
a room alone. Neighbora and friend
should not lie allowed to take thia op
portunity tn visit and "talk him to
death." Quiet and rest give the
body energy to fight off the disease,
but if that energy is wanted in listen
ing to well meaning friends tell
about their troubles, the patient will
be excited and worried until the prob
lem of the dis tor and nurse becomes
much worse than the sickness alone.
If the illness Is of short duration
and the patient is not very sick, it
is unnecessary to have a room tape
I dully filled for a "sick room," but it
j is very important thfcf the patent be
away from thu rest of the family and
I that he should have as much quiet
i a is possible. In a long, serious Ill
ness, a room apart from the family
and fitted to the needs of the patient
is a blessing. This ia absolutely es
sential in the rase of a contagious
disease. It is not necossary fur a
family of ten or twelve to become 111
s'mply because Johnny "caught" the
chicken-pox at school. If Johnny is
is' luted from the family and no one
save hia nurse is allowed to enter bis
room, and she Is careful to touch
nothing about the food of the family,
Johnny will not be the cause of an
epidemic of chicken-pox in his com
munity. The furnishing of this sick room
should be as simple as possible, and
. , . ,
miiii-ii-ii Tiii-jr run iit ritsoy rirnn-
ed and is not a harbor for germ.
A small table, two chairs, and a
dresser or set of drawers for the
bed linen will complete the furniture
of this room. The bed should he
placed so that the window is at the
patient' left; above all, he should
not have tn face the light. All rugs,
draperies, and tit tains, save a 'ignt
curtain at the window, should be re
moved from the room. These drap
eries are hard to clean and form a
nest in which the germs remain af
ter the pat'ent is well. An alumi
num bed-pan, a clinical thermometer,
anil a tray for the patient's food
should be at hand.
The linen should be changed as of
ten as possible to keep the bed fresh
and clean. Sheets should be large
tress tn form a protection for the
bedding. The upper sheet should
fold over the top of the blankets to
nr.it.... f k..n, .11 .....I !!....:.!
i 'u '
The pillows should be soft enough
not to tire the patient, and a small
pillow to be ued at his back will
rest him very much. Alcohol for
disinfectant and tn rub on the pati
ent's back should be ever present in
the sick room.
This might he called an Ideal sick
room, and unnecessary for most dis
eases, but it will be found to be a
Treat help to the ihsrtor and nire.
.nd a comfort to the patient.
REAL SNAP TO THEM
I'S better lo Ire i
never waa.
"have been" thaa
People hate to get a reputation for
being what the) really are.
A man should do everything for the
woman he love - except marry her.
A pcusluilst would test with scld the
lining In every cloud to see If It's
Bllver.
The Jilted girl used to take It to
heart; now she lake It to court lu
stead. Never Judge a woman by the color
of her hair; It I not fair to her hair
dresser. I A woman never dresse so rareful-
lj as when she gm- to her best
enemy.
Kind hert may be more than coro
,., ,,ut , K,r, ,
think au.
When a woman forgets an Injury
she keeps forgetting that she ha for
gotten It.
A woman who can carry an umbrel
la and look graceful rau do auythlnf
or enytMKly.
If s woman cannot be one man's
meat, she I likely to become another
man's poison.
If a woman nuiat marry a man
without brnlns, let her at least take
one who baa manners.
A woniBQ uever aeea evil In a good
looking man. but she I alwsya sus
picious uf a pretty woman.
The greatest mathematician In the
world has never yet been able to fore
cast the exact result of one and one.
When waiting for a man, you wait
until he come. When waiting for a
woman, you wait to see If she cotuea
at ail.
SNAPPY PARAGRAPHS
lie who live only In future Joy will
know many present pain.
Ignorance Is the Inspiration of all
argument.
Most wive would be able to save
money If their husband gave them
enough to save.
And a woman likes tn (line In a res
taurant with her husband so that he
cannot blame her for the cooking
Fxccpt for an occasional funeral
some men would never see the Inside
of a ch arch.
A wise man baits hi hook wIMi in
quiry, while the fool bait with hi Im
IK'rtlneiice. Yet the woman who married a poor
man for love seldom wishes her daugh
ter to do likew isv.
Crowing old gracefully consist In
growing obi ii you are exiited tot
no eccentricities.
It must be provoking lo be ulwsys
In a minority. Iiou't think In such a
revolutionary way.
If a man empties hi purse Into his
head no man tan tuke it away from
him. Iteiijamlu Fruiikllu.
No doubt the exercise of planting
trees Is aa good for a man as the exer
cise of rutting I hem down.
A niau who keeps hi troubles to
himself may be like a burst duin, oqcsj
get hlui started.

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