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The citizen. [volume] (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, February 02, 1922, Image 1

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. The citizen
Devoted ' to tlio Interests of ttie IwIoxintcLin Feo-ple
Our Threefold Almt Te give
the News f Bern and Vicinity;
Te Record the Happenings of
Berea Collet; To be of InUrwl
to all the MounUla Peotl.
M Utm MJbi m AW. Km. m miiri
mml , un4tr 4f . lit.
iy .. ....
xi'HiroL iirnuiAi p (Miimmr. nam-
of Vrnlcr. who may Ih elected
,ope a successor to Benedict XV.
Congressman Frear in Fight on
Sales Levy Proposition.
Doclaroe It Would Be Too Heavy
Burden en Public Backed by
Washington, Jan. 80. Nolle was
served ou Itepuullcaii leaders of the
hiivn by Kepieaeiitiitlve Fiver of Wis
consin, a Itepuhllcan member of the
ways and means committer, that he
would light any attempt to authorize
a sales tai aa a means of raising rer
euue for a airidlera' bonus.
Coincident with the announcement
by Mr. Freer of hi (land, llcpreseiita
ttve Garner of Texas, a tVinncratlc
member of the same committee), which
waa Instructed by Itepuhllcsn house
member In ranruo Thursday night to
"" begin frailiuttmui "Validation. I
aued a statement proposing a atralght
appropriation for a buuus. such appro
prtattoo to be paid out of the Interest
received by the government on the al
' lied debt.
Represent a tlv Frear predicted that
"whole lot of members' would loee
their eeata In congress If they voted
for a sslos tai and declared that It
would entail too heavy burden on the
public. Mr. Frear Mid he favored a
aoldler bonus, but thought revenue for
It could be provided In "other wsye."
Ho alao declared he underatood Item
orratlc memlter of the house, while
unit In favor of a bonus, alao were a
unit In opposition to a aalea tax.
Kepreaentatlve Garner aald hie pro
paieal waa put forth at a basis for sup
port by iH-nHxTBta aud "Insurgent He
publicans," and It would obviate the
necessity of a aalea tax to meet bonus
"If at any time the amount nf In
tenet on the foreign debt la not mi PI
dent to meet the appropriitlloii." sn l1
Mr. Garner, "the secretary or tin
treasury would be uuthorUed io nth
certificates of Indebtedness.
President Harding Against Cut In
Present Personnsl to
60,000 Men.
Washington, Jan. 30. Suggestion
thai the United fttatee navy be rut
to a peraonnei of ftO.OOO are not looked
upon favorably by the administration,
it waa stated officially at tho'Whlta
House. No substantial reductions
from tb preaent establishment are
anticipated It was aald.
Prohibition Agents Named.
Washington. Jan. 80. Appointment
of federal prohibition otnclnla In vari
ous ttatea waa announced by Commis
sioner Haynea. Among the appointees
la Boy C. Goodwin of Felicity, O., gen
eral problbftton agent for Ohio.
Too Ridiculous to Deny, Say High
Official of Guatemala
Trouble. -
Mexico City. Jan. 80 Humors of
wr between Mexico and (Itiateinala
are deecrllied by a high Mexican offi
cial as "too ridiculous to deny. Hetnl
ofliclal sources were positlvo in deny
ing ths reports. Luis Caballero, Mes
loan minister to Guatemala, requested
a leave of absenca several mouths ago,
and It la stated that If be decides to
return to Mexico at this time It will
bo for that reason, and not becaua
of any strained relations betwaeu tho
two countries. Neither President (b
regon nor Gen. Frandaco Serrano,
acting minister of war, could be
reached for aa official government
stitemewt on tbo rumors.
Five Cants Por Copy
President Investigates Reports
of High Interest for
Federal Funds.
Secretary of Interior Fall Tllt CabU
nst Msmbers Million of Govern,
ment Money Roloanod at
Usurlou Rat.
Waahlngton, Jan. 80. A Onanclal
acaudal of natlmi-wld Importance
waa unearthed at a cabinet meeting.
I'reslUent Harding waa lu formed by
Secretary of the Interior Fall tbat
Dilllloua Id government money are be
ing relosned by private banker Io the
West and Southwest to fanners and
live stork miners at usurious rates.
Secretary Fall, who baa Juat re
turned from a two months' trip
through tho West, cited Instances of
abuses which astonished the 'resident
and the cabinet
It was shown that fund of the War
Flnsncs corporation loaned to banks
for tho ne of farmer and stock rais
ers In the present agricultural emer
gency at BH and per cent were re
loaned a high aa 12 per rent. In ad
dition, many of theae bank are alleged
to have charged an extra commission
on these loans.
"The government la not going to tol
erate usury," President Harding I re
ported to have aaliL
Meyer Called Into Conference.
Tho President called Into conference
Eugene Meyer. Jr, chairman of tho
War Finance corporation. Mr. Meyer
lated that If conditions a reported
by Kocrefary Fall exist the bauka con
cerned were violating both the letter
and the spirit of the law.
Itoth Meyer and Secretary of the
Treasury Mellon told the President
that practically all of tho government
money la being loaned at BH per cent
and they denounced tho practlcea re
vealed by Secretary Fall a unlawful..
The legal requirements, Mr. Meyer
Informed tb President, are that when
bank relnan government funda they
ahull not charge more tbao 2 per cent
tWirtnnal. The bank also agree to
charge no commission for reloana.
This agreement I alleged by Secretary
Fall to he widely violated. In some
Inatsucea stock growers had been
cherged as high a 5 per cent for a six
month loon of government money.
Mr. Meyer stated that the 2 per
rent allowed to private banker waa
more than ample to cover the coat of
their Investigators and their rink with
profit. This would mean that the total
Interest rate on the loan should Dot
exceed 7H per cent.
President Harding asked Mr. Meyer
directly If all Interest charges of more
than 7Vi per cent were not usury T
"Ordinarily that Is o," waa Meyer
Ex pact Newspaper to Help.
President Herding tpid the newspa
per correspondents that he relied upon
the American preaa to help terminate
this evil, broadcasting the facts to
stock growers, and fanners that If they
are charged more than TV4 per rent In
terest for government money they are
being defrauded.
Withdrawal of government fund
from the offending banka will be the
first step taken by the administration
to check the rapacity of the banker
concerned. In addition. It I expected
that the government will penult the
Institution of Bulta to recover over
charge of Interest. Treasury agents
will be Instructed Immediately to In
vestigate the situation and make re
ports of mlause of government fund
by the private banka.
President Harding, It I understood,
has lnatnirtei both Secretary Mellon
and Mr. Meyer that th evil must be
removed at the earliest possible mo
New Note to Allied Reparation Com.
mission Says Country Need "Breath
ing Spoil" In Matter of Indemnity.
Iterltn, Jan. 80. he keynote af
the German note to the allied repara
tion commission whlcu'has been dis
patched Is thut (lennnny need a
"breathing opiJI" li the matter of lu
deiuulty. It hu reeuled In authorita
tive circles. (
Gennuny, the note sulci, has been
living from hand to mouth. The Mer
lin government expressed belief that
the partial moratorium granted dur
ing the supreme council meeting at
Can ne la only the first step towards
a final solution of the whole Indem
nity problem. The note contends tlmt
Germany' credit must be restored,
otherwise the reparations problem
cunnot be solved al all. The German
government asked for a reduction of
the coat a of maintaining the llrltlsh.
French, KelKlun and .tmerlcan armies
of occupation on German oll. Ger
many' second pnymeat under the
term of the purtlal moratorium haa
Just been made. The condition are
that a almllnr payment must be made
every ten day until a definite) an I
final agreement la reached.
IS' J fell, (wlrMS- Ta vmm
m y m ftp nimwn
" . .New I'ur'iss Iiihso l..Hiiiil"k. i i..u i..ii iKieu n c Navy. Z luughters of the Confederacy luylug
wreuth on slnttie of len. Itobert K. Iee In the rapltol at Washington on Lee's birthday. 3. Governor Kvuns of
Amerlciin Smiiiom and the high, chief of Manou on the occiialnn of the governor' annual visit to the Miinua group.
Plana Made at Saturday Lunch for
Cooperative Community Develop
ment for Southern Madison
A luncheon and meeting was held
at Boone Tavern, Saturday, January
28, which will, without doubt, have
an important bearing upon commu
nity development in Southern Madi
son county.
Representatives were present from
even important communities within
reach of Berea. They were, John
Anderson, Big Hill; A. B. Strong,
Scaffold Cane; I. B. Chestnut, Silver
Creek; H. O. Lamb, Wallaceton; Mrs.
M. A. Moody, Hickory Plains; John
McWilliams, Whites Station, and
George Moody, Kings trTn. Theae
were in conference with Robert F.
Spence, eounty agent, Everett Dix,
community development, and Helen
Kersey, recreation. The group or
ganised themselves into a counsel for
community development A commit
tee focjnnior Agricultural Clubs waa
appointed and confirmed as follows:
A. B. Sfronr, Chairman. Mrs. M. A,
Moody and Mrs. R. C. Coomer
They will have more or less regu
lar meetings from time to time for
the purpose of considering' the need
of our rural sections and for pro
moting plans for their development
An important movement now going
forward is a series of community
meetings being held . in all of the
places mentioned, with the exception
of Hickory Plains, and one other
place, Bobtown. Each of these points
is to have four meetings. One each
month during January, February,
March and April.
Following these meetings which are
intended to be entertaining, instruc
tional and neighborly, it is intended
to put into operation projects for
general Improvement and definite
achievement along certain lines" Each
community will undertake and accom
plish one or more definite things in
agriculture, health, sanitation, school
and home equipment, community,
community organisations, church and
Sunday-school work, or such projects
as they decide are most needed in
their respective communities.
The January meetings have already
been held and results have been very
satisfactory. Enthusiasm and de
termination to accomplish something
have been in evidence at each meet
ing place. AIL forward steps and de
risions aa to what is to be done are
made by the people of the local com
munities. The workers In Berea consider them
selves only as helpers as being pres
ent only to carry out the desires of
these people who have become areas
ed to the importance of bettering
community conditions.
The various movements in commu
nity development augurs well for the
future of Rural Southern Madison.
Sheriff Deatherage.and his crew de
stroyed what ia thought to be the big
gest moonshine still ever operated In
Madison county. In the Bearwallow
section. Friday night January 27th.
Thlrty-twa barrel of mash were
overturned, the still was destroyed,
and a copper worm 17 feet long was
taken to Richmond.
Three prisoners were taken aa thev
came out of the still house. They
gave their names as Georn S Darks.
Burt Lunaford and a young nun
named Coyle. They were lodged In
Jail at Richmond for examining trial.
Charlea Gurley chief of police at
Irvine, Ky, waa shot to . death on
Sunday evening by a man whoad
name Is thought to be Harris Daniels.
Since the shooting took place there
have been several conflicting reports
as to the causes which led to the
It appears that Daniels had been
arrested by Gurley and taken to the
police station and there got the up
per hand of hia captor and killed him.
Curley had a rzputation of being
a daring man and one whom the
moonshiners feared. It ia said that
his life had been threatened several
times before.
The body of Daniel Carroll Cox,
21 years old, the first Kentucky
soldier to die on foreign soil during
the ,Worid War, waa brought to Em
ineaet? Kj -Saturtlsy, January 23,
froriT Saint Nazaire, France. He
died there of complications arising
from influenza March 1, 1918. Fu
neral services were held Sunday af
ternoon at the Eminence Christian
Marin Ready to Land at Hankow,
China, to Guard Salt Admin
istration Office.
Peking. China. Jan. . British ma
line are being helil In readiness to
Innd at Hunkow to protect the salt
administration office agnlnat seizure
by the forces of Gen. Wu Pel-fu. who
are mid to be under orders to occupy
(Hankow Is a treaty port In the
province of liiieh. General Wu Is
Inspector general of that province and
vus reported In a Peking dispatch on
January 2J to have seized the salt
revenues there.)
Daily Short Story.
Chic there; was a pretty girl.
Hut ahe was pisir.
Slie couldn't afford to buy a drug
store complexion.
hlie hud to cullhute a natural one,
Wlu-rent a ulce drug clerk fell , In
love with her.
So they were married and she had
free soda water the rest of her life.
wo? Twmva u$sen
Dollar And Fifty Cents Per Tear ,
Election of Mew Pope Affected
by the Jealousies of the
Nations of Europe.
America' Attitude Toward tho Ganoa
Conference Shantung Question Nar
Settlement in Waihlngton Sec
retary Wallace Agricultural
Confab Develop Much
A IX Europe and In a lesser degree
A all America 1 Interested In the
selection of a poe to aueceed Bene
dict XV. The ant-red college has been
summoned to meet on February 2 for
this purpose and the cardinals are
all hurrying to Home. Those from
the United States nnd Canada cannot
reach the Eternal city in time for the
opening of the conclave unless It Is
postponed, nnd 'may he too late even
to purtlrlpute In the election. This,
however, is unlikely, since the cany
pulgn. If one may so term It, Is be
coming so complicated that the choice
of a pope may be delayed. According
to Italian correspondents, the lyaln
Jpsue Is again what la called the
Roman question the question of re
lations betwen the 'Vatican and the
Qulrlnal. The Italinn cardinals, who
are In the majority In the sacred col
lege, are divided Into two camps on
this matter, some supporting the poli
cies of Plus X"who favored a strong
church Independent of the Italian
states, and some standing for Bene
dict' measurea of rapprochement
with the Italian government, leading
up to final reconciliation. In the for
mer group the leading candidates are
Cardinals BogglHni. Merry del Val and
Laurent I : In the latter. Cardinals Gas
parti. Maltl. Kattl and Vamitelll."
Cardinal La Fontaine of Venice had
been classed with (he Ptua group, but
It Is uld Pope Benedict's dying wish
was that lie be elected. The Italian
government la supporting the candi
dacy of Mn ft! because of bis strong
nationalistic tendencies.
Though It Is believed Cardinal Mer
rier, the hero of Belgium, will receive
a large vote on the first ballot. It Is
generally conceded that no non-Italian
can be elected. However, foreign na
tions are concerning themselves great
ly In the affair and the international
Jealousies and suspicions generated
by the World war are playing an Im
portant part. Frunce does not de
sire that relations between the Vati
can sad the Qulrimtl shall be re
stored, fearing she would lose? the ad
vantage she now holds as the strongest
Catholic power. Belgium and Pol'und
will vote as doe France. Some of
the Italian cardinal were quite sym
pathetic toward the ceutral powers
during the war and there was a rumor
that they might combine with those
from certain other countries to elect
a pro-German. ,
After lying m state four days, dur
ing which time It was viewed by
many thousands nf mourners, the body
of Pope Benedict was carried on
Thursday, Into the choir chapel of Kt.
Peter's church where the last rites
were performed. Placed In a triple
casket of pine, lend and walnut, the
remains were then Interred In a crypt
of the lower church, a part of the old
basilica which dates from the fifth
century. The ollUial recognition of
the pope's death ordered by the Italian
government lias uh n esHciallv pleas
ing te the Catholic ch'inh. Flags on
all government office were half
(Contiaiti4 ea page I) '
No. 82
World News
By. J. R. Robertson, Professor af
Hiatory and PotiticaLSclenee
Berea College
The funeral of- Pope Benedict haa
been held and now the question of a
successor is engaging attention. The
Cardinals are to meet early in Feb
ruary in the Vatican for that purpose.
It is expected that fifty-two will be
present to take part It la custo
mary in an election to wall the Car
dlnals In and provide plain sleeping
accommodations and food until the
election Is decided. When a decision
ia reached, the ballots are put in the
fireplace and the thin column of
smoke from the chimney ia the signal
to those outside that a result haa
been reached. There is generally a
good deal of electioneering for .the
position among the different factions
in the church and the different na
tionalities. The choice usually falla
to an Italian, altho notable church
men from other nations have been
chosen. Among other names men
tioned is that of Cardinal Mercier of
Belgium, the stalwart ecclesiastic,
whom no one among the enemy dared
injure in the tecent war.
The death of Viscount James Bryce
is an event of international interest
He was eighty-three years old. Al
tho born in Belfast Ireland, hia
career was mainly t connected with
England. He prepared himself for
the profession of the law, and at one
time held a professorship of civil law
in Oxford University. In politics he
was a liberal. His well known .book,
"The American Commonwealth," waa
the result of his travel in the United
States and conversations with Ameri
cans in all walks of life. He was
greatly surprised at the popularity of
the book in this country, as it had
been Intended for English readers
who did not know much about" the
United States. Mr. Bryce served'
with inuch credit as English ambas
sador to our country 'at a critical
time during the recent war. Ha
served his country also aa chairman
of a commission to examine into "
cases of cruel treatment of non-com-'
batanta in the recent war, and the
report of the commission is an au
thority on the subject
It is .expected that. the Washington
Conference will close early in "Feb
ruary. They are bringing the work
rapidly to a close. According to lat
est reports an agreement haa been
reached between China and Japan on
the Shantung problem. It is in th
nature of a compromise and la not
likely to satisfy either of the home
countries. The' question finally hinged
cn the disposal of the railroad which
runs alomr the peninsula. By the
settlement China agrees to buy it the
payment to be made in treasury n tea
running fifteen years. Japan ia to
have some connection with the run
ning of the road under Chinese offi
cials. The settlement ia largely due
to influences of President Harding
and Sir Arthur Balfour of England.
The Chinese delegates to the confer
ence realize that the plan will meet
opposition, but they consider it the
best th4t can be made and prefer to
accept it rather than let the matter
continue unsettled.
The proposed conference at Genoa
is a subject of much discussion. The
United States ia invited to attend,
but the President let it become under
stood that our country would not be
represented. The disappointment in
Europe was so great that he has de
cided to reconsider the matter. Care
ful students of current events believe
that the conference would be of little
value in bringing about an economic
reconstruction of Europe unless there
is a full opportunity to thoroly dis
cuss the matter of reparations, the
great indebtedness of the nations and
th conditions in Russia. Franco
doea not seem to wish the repara
tions to be taken up, and there is op
position to other subjects. None of ,
them could be fully discussed with
out the aid of the United States.
Col. Harvey is in Paris, and it be
lieved his mission pertains to this
Mr. Collins, the President of Ire
land, and Sir James Craig, the Prim '
Minister of Ulster,. have had a eon-
ference and have taken steps which'
look toward a more harmonious con
dition in Ireland. They have practi
cally decided on the boundary between
the two sections and a1 so to remove)
the boycott which has existed for
some time. Ulster dealrea to make a
(OantiBDed ea rag Eight)

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