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: the -Citizen
rDe-rotffci to tfla.e Inteifeatg of tlie !Lointai.n. FeoiDle BEREA PUBLISHING, CO. (mconraiiATVS) MARSHALL I VAUGHN. UtM Oar Threefold Aim: To give the Now of Berea and Vicinity j To Record th Happenings ef Berea College; To bo of Interest to all tho Mountain Peoale. I . tIMHABDT I AM mf Mar, tm. VoL XXII I. f Wo Cents Per Copy BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, FEBRUARY 0, 1922 Ono Dollar and Fifty ConU PofYoar No. 83 WorldNews J. Rf Roberta on, Profeaaor History and Political Science Berea College HUNT ACTRESS IN TAYLOR MURDER t Lot- Angeles Police Working on New Clews in Slaying - of Movie Director. FAR EAST PACT GIVEN APPROVAL Treaty Embodying Root Four Points and Open Door (or China 0. K.'d. By. VICTIM'S REAL NAME TANNER Latest Woman Said to Havo Bctn In tlmetsty Associated With Slain Man la Out of tha City Polloo Soak Former VaUL Loo Angeles. Cal Feb. . A num ber of poaaible clew, with UHilrlon directed chiefly toward a motlon-plo-tura artreae, anil, through her, toward another motion-picture director, both of whose name they declined to make public, wvm aald to he In pise1on of the police In lliHr effort to catch tha atayer of William Htunnnd Taylor, film director, whose true hnnie, It tan alleged, waa William Pcane Tanner. The latest motion picture actress to be drawn Into the Investigation, audi at one time to have been Intimately aMoclRted with Taylor, waa under stood to be out of the city, hut the police gave no Intimation aa to the whereabout of the director whnee name waa linked with hera In the ato rlea told the detectives by a number of peraona at an Inquiry extending over aeveral honra. Still Seek Former Valat While effort were being made hjr the officer to locate the aetresa and the director. It waa unricratood tha lat oat ancle to the Investigation would not caujte them to relai their search for Edward F. Sanda. Ta)lor'i former valet, aald also to be known a Rd ward Flta Strathmore and alleged to be a deaerter from the army. Tho ctoaer the acmtlny Into the life of the dead director, the more con firmed eome of the detertlvea aald be came their nrlglnnt theory that the tnotlvo of the crime waa revenge, with Jealousy aa the probable direct cause. Thla review of Taylor' friendship and acttvttlea waa aald to have brought the potlco Into clone acquaintance with hla companionship with a number of motion-picture artrease. Including, among tho moet prominent. Mattel Nor mand. Mary Mile Mlnter and Claire Wlndaor. . Clair Wlndaor Recent Acquaintance. Mlaa Normand la aald to have ad mitted, aa did Neva Clerher, another film actrewi, that Taylor once had been rngnged to her, while Mis Mlnter alan la aald to have enjoyed the director' cloae friendship at one time. It waa only a week before hla death, however, according to Ml Wlndaor'a mother, that the latter took her flrat automo bile ride and dinner with Taylor. The police pbin to Interview Mlaa Wl minor, aa thev have the other actresses. In their eenrch for possible clews, a aoon a ahe return from a trip Into the country, where ahe I aald to he "on location" With MnrNhall Nellau. di rector." Many atorlaa have been brought to the police by nelglilsirs of Tujlor and ill former employees concerning il neighborhood happening the nlglit of the crliim, und the director'a reci-nl coming and goings, friends unit w elate, telephone rail and vitri.ii o clul activities. The Motion llilure llrtor u ,oH'lullnn, of wh li Taylor ux H.itcd president three time, has formed u special Inveatigtitlng committee to help the iHitli-e In every possible way 4o solve the my at cry of the director'a cieath. MuJ. Maurice C'amplH'll waa chosen head of the committee. What waa aald to bo "a lurge auto mobile of atrlklng appeurunce." eeo near tho Taylor apartment the night of tho aluylng. I underatood to be receiving some attention from tha do t active, Stft Blackmail Theory. Another question la whether black jcnall waa an element In tho crime. It iU aald to be considered poaalblo tho aTJayer atteuipted to extort money from (Taylor and when refuted or threat ened with arrest abot to kill. An open check book on Taylor'e writing dusk, with a pen neur by, found when tha body waa discovered, might, In tho opinion of tho detective, have been part of a plan of the director to atoll until the tollc could arrive. "Another phase they are con 1 dur ing la whether Taylor might nave (cured for hla life. From aome eourcee tha detective were auld to buvo gained tho information that for a few daya before hla deutb Taylor had aoomed "uneaay about something." Henry 1'oaty. hla negro houseman, told tho police that Taylor, who usually used hla automobile, left hla apart ments on foot Wadneaday afternoon, a few bourn before bo waa slain, and waa absent considerable period. "Wo aro going to chock. ovary poa alblo angle of thla case," aald Infec tive Sergeant Herman Clin. "W bar received a groat many conflicting re porta, and It la a largo taak to die tlngulah and sift tha UnporUnt from tha trlvlaX" i TJl atatunuat feat Taxlur'S same NEW CHINA TARIFF APPROVED Qraat Power of tho World Pledge Thamaelv to Deal Fairly International Board to Settle Disputes. Continental Hull. Washington. Feb. 8. The grent powers of the world pledged themselves to deal fairly with China. The pledge was contained In a nine powered treaty presented to the sixth plenary session of the arms conference by Secretary of, H'nte Hughes and adopted within iv minute after the session got under way. China herself la a party to the agreement, and upon her own part ahe pledgee heraelf not to graut preferen tial rlghta to any nation, and to do her utmost to see that all nation have equal economic opportunltlea within her far-flung borders. Board to Settle Dispute. Along with the adoption of tho two Chinese treatiea by the world po'or here the conference formally agreed to the aeMIng up In China of an Inter national board of reference to which disputed polnta between the powera can be referred. Approve Custom Treaty. The nine ov.er also gave their for mal approval to a treaty dealgned to Increase the customa revenuea of China to a oiut which will perml. her to get back on a sound financial foot ing. The treaty waa presented by Sena tor Oscar Underwood, flilnortty leader of the senate, and member of the Amerirnn delegation, who oddreaaed the conference In plenary aeashKi for the flrat time. To Prrv Chin Railway. Following the adoption of tho rwo Chinese treatiea the conference for mully approved the resolution pledg ing the power to preserve the Chi nese Kastern railway. Then Secretnry Hughe rend Into the conference record the 21 demands. In which Japan renounced group 5 and pledged herself not to presa the othera o the detriment of other nations' In terest. - All tills the conference quickly ap proved. Test of Root Treaty. Following la the draft of the treaty embodying the Hoot four point for the Integrl'y of China and the open door : "The United States of America. Bel gium, the British empire. China. France, Itnlf. Japan, The Netherlands and rortugnl. "Ieslrlng to adopt a policy designed to stabilize condition in the Far Kust, to safeguard the ligh and Interests of China, and to promote Intercourse, between China and the other powera Unn the basis of equality of opportu nity: "Have resolved to conclude treaty for that purpose and to that end havo appointed a their respective plenipo tentiaries: (Here follow the namea of the plen ipotentiaries.) "Who. having communicated to each other their full 'powera, found to bo In good and due form, have agreed a follow : Article I. "The contracting powera, other than China, agree: 1. To respect the aoveretjmty, the Independence and the territorial and administrative Integrity y China. 2. To provide the fullest and moat unembarrassed opportunity to China to develop and maintain for heraelf an effective and atable government 3. To nse their Influence for tho purpose of effectually establishing and maintaining the principle of equal opportunity for the commerce and In dustry of all nation throughout tho territory of China. 4. To refrain from taking advan tage of oncdltlons In China or to seek special rlghta or privilege which would abridge the right of subject or citizen of friendly state, and from countenancing action Inimi cal to tho security of such a'ates. Article II. "The contracting powera agree not to outer Into any treaty, agreement, arrangement or understanding, either with one another or Individually, or collectively, wl'b any swer or pow ers, which would Infringe or Impair the principles stated In Article L really' waa" WllllairiTJeane-Tanner. and not William Deatnond Taylor, came from a woman caning nerseir Air. Ada Deano-Tanner of Monrovia, near bore. who also describe heraelf aa the de serted wife of lennla Teane-Tanner. the director'a brother, and who aald the director bad given ber aa allow ance of 150 a month for the last aU years. (fyy Billy ". : pT. -JMkX 'JKRBi sFS! ifflSlrtsv- pssss ..., k,. . - wnmo; .... . .si i e.uiuiia. u.nvr in uK ... u. itmiu i Cioia.i u.mi heiress to (4MNj,iiis), who has Just married Anastnse Voii-lntskr, a Rusdan Islmrrr In the Ituldwln L'X'omotlve works. 2 The Capitol in Wash Inuton as It apsared after the recent hevy snowfall. .1 Interior of Knickerbocker theater, Washington, after t'ie rmif r"i'niiH. kllllntr ne;ir'v a hnndrml persons. BIO STILL RAIDS IN MADISON 13 Stills Destroyed On last Monday Berea,. Richmond, Jackson county and tho Federal Gor-j ernment Joined hands to put on one of the most extensive st 11 raids ever staged in Madison county." The posse, made up of Elmer Deatherage, Sheriff of Madison; Moboley, Deputy; Arthur Lynch, Constable; Tom Watson and others from Richm.r.d; L. C. Powell, Chief of Police; L. A. Watkins, Police Judge; R. J. Abney, Tollce; R. D. Hollandsworth, of Berea; Sheriff Lainhart and deputies of Jackson county and a number of federal offi cers, came together In tho vicinity of Big Hill early Monday morning and set out to spread terror among the moonshiners of that section. Thirteen stills were destroyed' be fore the day'a work was finished, nine of which wt're lw Bi ' Pilot Knob aeetion. The other four were found in the Bear Wallow sec tion. Three of the stills, it is re ported, were in sight of Pilot Knob church. A few suspicious character were seen in the distance, but no arrests were made and no copper worms were taken, tho thousands of gallons of mash and some moonshine were poured out and the stills were com pletely destroyed. TWO STILLS DESTROYED AND MEN ARRESTED ON MILLER'S CREEK The police department of Irvine constituted a raiding party Thursday nikht which completely destroyed two stills on Miller's Creek and arrested four alleged moonshiners. The al leged moonshiners were taken to Irvine and lodged In jail. They were Oline OTiara, Leonard Arnold, C. T. Wiseman and E. L. Thackor. The raiding party included Chief of Tolice Sixemore, U. S.v Marshal Green Cody, Geo.' Brenegar, Jeff Hamilton and James Fugate. SHOOTING IN MIDDLES BORO In a battle staged at Middlesboro between the Ball and Olson factions Thursday night, Ira Ball waa shot through the stomach and it la thot that the wound ia fatal. George Col son ia alleged to have done the ahoot ing. Colson cannot be found and. it is reported that ha also waa shot Several months ago Ira Ball Js al leged to havo killed Doyle Colson. Ball waa also shot through the lung at that time. Ball haa never been indicted for the killing. ANOTHER RAID IN ROCKCASTLE In Rockcastle county Prohibition Officer John Becker, Sheriff Clark, Mink and Anglin and Judge Sam Mullina destroyed a still near Johnet ta, a gallon of moonshine and five barrela of beer. John Jlinea was ar rested and taken to London, where he waa turned over to the federal authorities. Richmond Register. CLAY COUNTY MAN SENTENCED 21 J EARS Stove Martin, charged with slaying his brother-in-law, Wood Benge, waa sentenced In Manchester, Feb. 6, to serve 21 years In prison. The de fense will call for a new hearing. GOOD OLD SAINT IN TROUBLE Embarrassed by Shewer of Haa its. Though It Would Seem H Should 8 Used to It. (H. Valentine sllr Put up his unilirvlla. "This shiiwer or hearts WouM cmharraps a fellow.' "I'm siad that I nunaft It One In a year Exsrrla Is tha thing Hsiuts axa needing. I fear. "Whtls many ara basting. They're ail out of tuns. And cold as Decembrr Instead of wnrm June. "Bo I'll mis "em nn4 change And warm 'em up. too." - I wonder If he'll Ox . Your heart up for youT . SEES NO CAUSE FOR GLOOM Ccorg W. Reynold. Chicago Banker, Saya United Statea I Well Off. Pasadena, Cul., Feb. 0. Americans "have no cauae to be down hearted,' In the opinion of' George M. Reynolds. bend of the Continental ami Commer clnl tmnk of Chicago, who ling arrived here to pass the winter. However, he added, "the economic situation of the producers of food must be Improved before general business conditions throughout the country - will rapidly Improve. The United Stntea la so much better off than any other country In the world that we ought to be pretty thankful and optimistic," be said. MICKIE SAYS THERE fc fcZ.UESS FEB. TV MAM WHO GOE9 after rr ivxrEuidevrruv bs u&ims our AxyocrtnswMt enrer Hour? NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Settlement of Shantung Contro versy Announced to the Arms Conference. NAVAL TREATY IS APPROVED Agreement on Poison Gas, Subma rine and Chinese Questions Also Indorsed Senata Paaaaa Foreign Debt Refunding Bill Senator Knyon I Mad Federal ' Circuit Judge. By EDWARD W. PICKARD SECRETARY of State Hughes ahd Arthur J. Balfour accomplished a great feut of Lviil diplomacy last week when they vfsceeded In persuading China and Jnpan to accept the compro mise arrangement by which the long standing and troublesome Shantung controversy is brought to an end. The settlement wus announced on Wednes day to the fifth plenary session of the conference, and both the statesmen voiced their personal rejoicing over It because It was their own plan. Mr. Knl- four went further and told something that aroused the conferees to cheers. He said that Ureal Britain had decid ed to enter at once into negotiutlUis for the restoration to China of the ter ritory of Wei Hiil-Wel. w tilth It hits held under leuse since the time when Russia seized I'ort Arthur. Thus China will get back sovereignty over her most ancient and oiost thli-kly-popa-lated province In Its entirety. In all major details the agreement between Japan and China Is as was told In these columns a week ago. Japan it to get out of Tslngtuo and the salt fields within six months, and la to give up the Tsiugtao-Tslnunfu railway with in nine mouths. The one discordant note In Washing ton, was sounded by Ma Soo, represent ative of the Canton government. He asserted the Chinese people would not recognize the treaty agreed upon In tha conference. Mr. Hughe presented to the con ference the completed draft of the naval lituUation treaty with the agree ment on l'aciflc fortlhVatious. and it was formally adopted. No material change In the treaty aa already de tailed had been made, and the Pacific agreement also stands In the main as formerly described. According to the fortifications clause the status quo must be niaiutaiued by America lu the Philippine and Aleutian Islands ; by Great Urltulu In Hongkong aud the Pacific Islands east of 110 degrees east longitude; by Japan In the Kurilo, Bonln and Loochoo islands, Amanil Oshltua. Formosa and the Pescadores. In presenting the five-power naval pact, Mr. Hughes said "Tills treaty absolutely ends the race tn comiietitlou of naval armament. At the same time it leavea the secur ity of nations unimpaired. It Is signif icant of far more also, because her w are talking of anna In the language Of peace and have taken the greatest forward atep to establish the reign of pear." Albert Sarraut, head of tho French delegation, took the oportunlty again to correct misapprehensions concern ing bis country's naval policy. He aald France butt npeaJed for only what she must have to defend her self, and added : The camouflaged ghoat of Imperialistic France which Ueruian propaganda paradee about the universe may atlll deceive a few art less minds, but It Mill aoon evoke noth ing but amilas." Ellhu ' Hoot presented for approval the five power treaty outlawing poison gas and the use of the submarine against meniisat shipping. 11 ex plained that.'t Ws not undertake to (CosUiaao! M fC t It ia reported that the Italian Cabi net has resigned aa a result of some criticism over the suppression of an Eulogy of Popo Benedict In tho Chamber of Deputies. Tho relation between tho national government and the Pope has never been cordial since 1870, when the temporal possessions of tho Papacy wero included in tho United Italy. Tho Pope at that timo waa assigned a certain amount of land in Rome with the Vatican aa hi homo and a large appropriation of money to meet his expenses. He haa never- accepted the money, however, and haa persistently considered him self a prisoner. Tho present minis try came into power at the time of the making of the Treaty of Ver sailles, when Italy was so much out of harmony with the Allies. The commUeion on reparations, ap pointed by the Allies, made a request of Germany as to her intentions in regard to the 'payment now due. In recent reply Germany asks to be relieved from any money payment for the period of one year. She alao asks that the Allies allow her to pay more in kinf and less in money. Thus no direct answer was made to the request She defended her -posi tion by saying that the country would not stand ' any more taxation. It seems strange that auch different re ports can arise in regard to the financial status of Germanv. It ia certainly trite that the cost of living has risen aa the value of the money haa fallen, and this has led to a seri ous strike on all the railroads for a forty percent raise pf wagea. Trans portation is at a standstill for the present and no solution in sight. The British explorer, Sir Ernest Shackleton, died during the week on his way to make further explorations in the Antarctic region. Altho he waa surpassed by Scott and Amund sen in the successful quest for the southern axis of the earth, yet he came very close to reaching it in the course of his four notable explora tions. He held all kinds of honor and medals from geographical and exploring associations. He was born in Ireland, graduated from college, and began his career in the British Merchant Marine. In this last voy age he planned to chart enough un discovered regions to maka his total achievements along that lino in the Southern Atlantic, Southern Pacific, and Antarctic oceans amount to 30, 000 miles. He was particularly con cerned in finding an island named Tuanaki which had come to be lost to the knowledge of man. Recent statistics given out show that the commerce of the U. S. has fallen off during the year ending in December, 1921, by over two billion dollars. In most cases the exports have fallen off more than the im ports. Of course the greatest fall has been In the trade with Europe, but it ia true also of the trade with China, Japan, South America and South Africa. It is less with some countries thin with others but is a condition which is general. Revival f business and all that goes with it ia not likely to come about in our country until this condition ia changed. The meeting that ia to be held at Genoa is an effort to do this and ought to have the approval of public sentiment to the same- extent that the Washington Conference did. The fact that the meeting takes place in Europe instead of America should not lessen out interest in it The new Pope haa been elected sooner than waa expected. The sue. cessful candidate waa Cardinal Ratti, the Archbishop of Milan. This churchman ia younger than those usually selected tm the position of Pope, but ita ia believed that this will be an advantage. He ia a scholarly man and haa been intereaU. ed in the libraries of the church which contain priceless manuscripts. He served as Papal Nuncio to Poland for a time after the war and did hla work ao well that Poland was held in loyalty to the church and be waa made Archbishop of Milan, the moat active commercial city in Italy. While the former Pope waa of aris tocratic descent, the new Pope Piut XI is of democratic descent, coming from the people. He ia a moderate in policies, and It ia believed will do much to harmonise the church and the Italian nation.