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' THE CITIZEN February t, 1982 DAY SACRED TO LOVE MISSIVES IT WAS nn enterprising young girl who first captured the valentine trade for America. Her name whs Ksther Howlatid. After graduat ing from Mount llnlynke seminary she resided with her father, who was stationer In Worcester, Mass. In 14 she received from Knglnnd manufac tured valentine, the first she had ever cen. It Interested her so much ttuit she decided to we whether she could make Home of these valentine and find sale for them. She collected aome lace paper, aome printed verses and aentlinental pic ture, fixed tip a few vnlcntlncs and Bve them to her brother, who was a traveling salesman for a grocery More. To her amazement her brother re turned with orders for $5,000 worth of valentines! Her astonishment knew no hounds. She quickly got together aome girl friends, taught them what she knew about valentines and com menced a prosperous trade that was to reach the one hundred thousand dollar mark. First Leva Missives. It wai a Frenchman who first con ceived the Idea of composing valen tines In verse. Charles, Puke of Or leans, was taken prisoner by the Eng lish at the battle of Aglnooiirt. In 1415. He was consigned to tl.e Tower of London, where he spent the next twenty-five yeara of his life. Rut the cold walls of his dungeon could not com pletely dampen his sentimental na ture, and from his gloomy vault came sunny little verses to the number of sixty, which are still to be seen among the royal papers In the staid old Brit ish museum. One of them reads: Wilt thou b mine? Dear love, reply Sweetly consent or elee deny. Whisper softly, none shall know Wilt thou be mine, lore? Aye or bo? Bptte of fortune we may be Happv by one word from thee. Ufe Hies swiftly. Ere it go. Wilt thou be mine, love Aye or noT England at once adopted the fad which Its royal prisoner had set, and Valentine's day found the coaches more than usually laden with poetic outpourings of lovers, friends and even slight acquaintances. Old Romance Recalled. One of the most romnntlc histories of Valentine children Is that of Lady Sarah Lennox, bom on February 14, 1T45. In fact, she Apparently Inherited a romantic temperament, for her own story Is usually prefaced with a sketch of her parents' romance by way of driving home the story's admonition, perhaps. Her father's marriage was no more nor less than a bargain to cancel a gambling debt between the couple's parents. The. young duke, then Lord March, was brought home from col lege to wed the plain little glrl-brlde Just out of nursery. At the conclusion of the ceremony the Indignant bride groom fled to the continent with a tutor In tow, .where he spent three years. On his return to London he carefully avoided going home, where he fancied a wralhfnl young woman was waiting to swoon at his arriMil. Instead, he went straight to the theatre and saw there a very hand some lady. He cursed his luck, but had breath left to ask who she might be. "Lady March, the toast of the season." informed his friends, to his utter us tonlxhmrnt. Then he hlcxed his luck, claimed his bride and as It turned out, was very happy to the end. Her love was so great, too, that she died of grief for him after a year of widow hood. Sentiment and Business, Samuel I'ppys has something to say In his famous dlnry about most of Joys and disturbances, great and small, with which human nature is acquaint ed. Consequently one does not need to search very far to find allusions to Valentine'a day and the customary pranka that It Involved In the Euglund of the seventeenth century. On February 14. 1007. the following entry Is made In the diary: "This morning came up to my wife's Southern Agriculturist NASHVILLE, TENN. The Giant of the South Its immense popularity is due not only to the fact that every line in it is written for South ern farm families by men and women who know and appreciate Southern conditions, but to the practically unlimited personal service that is given to subscribers without charge. Every year we answer thousands of ques tions on hundreds of different subjects all without charge. When you become a sub scriber this invaluable personal service is yours. That is one reason why we have 375.000 Circulation bedside U being tip dressing myself) little Will Mener to he her valen tine, and brought her name written upon blue paper In gold letters, done by himself, very pretty; and we were both well pleased with It. Hut I am also this year my wife's valentine and It will cost nm Ave pounds; but that I must have laid It out If we had not been valentines." America's Noted Valentin. America's most noted valentine a as Oeneral Wliifield Scott Hancock, born February 14, 18:24. The witching In llitcnce of the salot's festival hover Ing about him manifested Itself In the culmination of his romance. In her "Itcmlnlseences," written In old age. Mrs. Hancock (who was Miss Alinlra Kussell) tells of her strange wedding and proves that, after all, the Ameri can girl has determination to rise nhove sutierstllions. To start with, her wedding dny was one of the stormiest of the winter. It hailed violently, thundered and blew a perfect gale. During the ceremony which was held at her father's home In St. Louis, the lights went nut three times and repeated the performance at the wedding reception. The guests were filled with terror for the young bride who was beginning life under such siiitgestlvely evil omens. And by way of enhancing the evil Influences rhat appeared to be abroad the crowd outside the house got the word that the bride was wearing a spun glass dress, and their curiosity reached the point of mob violence before the police could beat them back to make room for the passage of-gucsts. Hut the bride laughed In the face of these witches' pranks and lived to share the honors tha. her husband's career brought him. CUPID'S OWN DAY Fourteenth o' February Belongs to Him Alone. Anniversary Brightens the Drab Month With Memories of tha Past and Joy of the Present. Brightening the dull, drab month of February and doing their very best to cheer up and bring Jove Into oflr hearts, the valentines the valentines smile at us with their lace-and-forget-me-not daintiness from the .shop win dows. There are elaborate "millionaire" valentines of celluloid and blue ribbons that come in big lace boxes, like French dolls; there are valentines that w hen pulled out like an accordion b come Cinderella coaches of cardboard, laden with Loves and Vequses and Cupids. Others resolve themselves In to airy plnk-and-blue palaces you npver know peopled with delightful goddesses and doves. But the best and most sincere, per haps, are the old-fashioned valentines visits of fon my puier lace, through which you look upon hearts redder than lovers' Hps, Ln a prospect of vio lets and forget-me-nots. And hidden away, like a billet douz In a bouquet, a little verse: Thle heart. wM love, I send to you. Together with these vlotete blue; And If you like tills heart ot mine, t pray you be my valentine. ' Could anything be more simple or direct to the point? As unerringly as Cupid's darts or a beau's rapier, the verse carries Its message home. It may be tlmt the Elizabethan lyrics, the love songs of Herrlck and Love luce and Suckling, survive today only In the valentine. And, ah, what memories these har bingers of love bring with them! They lead us back along the colutnblne bordered road to yesterday, over the asphodel meadows of Youth and First Lore and Childhood Fancies, and we meet and kiss our first sweethearts again mIiis. they huve gone out of our lives these uiuny years. And h, dear 111 tit Valentine, accept these violets und forget-me-nots, and hug this message close to your heart for surely a sweetheurt Is the sweeter for a valentine, and, as all wise men know, 'tis love that makes the world go round. TO THE FOREIGN DEBT REPUBLICAN MAJORITY IN THE SENATE BELIEVES IT HAS THE RIGHT SCHEME. IS DEVISED IN CONFERENCES Ch for Payment to Former $rvlc Man Probably Will Be Ocnvtd From Our European Debtors 6 moot Still Urging Sales Tax. By EDWARD B. CLARK Washington. - The ItcptihlUuii ma Jorlty In tin- M-uule is hammering ou' the prohpecllve gold of the foieigu debt funding bill into a glittering leg lahitive sheet which will be warrant ed to hold water. Of course this thing Is a Ununclul mutter, and in nuance east is cast and west Is west, though why It should tie a geographical mut ter, an aflair of latitude and longitude. so to open k, mi layiuuu In Washington reviiis thoroughly to understand. Such is the fact, however, and what the buses should be to luiilu (limners via ble uie matters of varying prairie and uif'anslde opinion. The l(ciublicuns In the senate, hav ing a lurtje majority over the Ileum erutlc brethren, have been holding con ferences. Appurenlly today no party which liMp-us to be In the majority In the senate feels safe in calling ail old-time caucus In which each man who entered virtually pledges himself to abide by a majority decision. To day they confer and come to purtial agreements which are to be kept only in case mine of the gentlemen pres ent do not discover afterward that there Is ample rrnsou to change their uiiuds about the legislative program projected, and elect, after explanation, to stand In opposl-lou. Apparently It Is now definitely as sured that the senate will face some kitid of a veterans' adjusted roiupen gallon bill containing a cash payment provision. It is not, however, dell tiitely known whence ia to come the money to pay the bills. Eventually, probably, the cash payments to the for mer soldiers wl'l be made from fund collected from ' ireign debtors of Uncle Sum. Kven U u proper bill for fund ing the foreli i debt Is passed hy con gress, there is no linal assurance day when these funds will tie uvall able. Sales T.aa Still Opposed. Senator M'Oiinln-r has assumed the! leadership of the finance couimiuer j lie probably will be held fn part per Monally resHiiisiliie by (lie country for the liiml fiHii which the bill fot the funding of the foreign debt shall assume, (if course, the republican majority will be r"uiiislhle, but the l'resldetit must take some of the bur den, whctlur it be prulse or blame because In a way be Is the (I rector lie chief of the party's legislative actlvl ties. When the luxation measures first were given consideration. Setiatot Suioot of I'tah, who in a miy is tlx real leader of the Republican majority in the senate, stood as the ud vocal of a sales tax. There wus greut op IMisition. mill, appreciating Its force and probably fimtl effect, .Mr. Smooi uiuile 1 1. utiles in his proposal. He won some few senators to his side, but he could not get enough of theui to carry the day. There is still great opiMisliion to the sales tux as a nieuns of racing addi tional revenue. This kind of a tux has been advocated, oppose!, praised and damned alternately. Certain ele meats In the inaiiufucturiiig communi ties are opposed to it, and certain ele ments in them are in favor of It, and identically the same words can be used to describe the feelings of tin consuming musses. Want to Try Something, Anyhow. Who known? Mr, Siuoot auys he knows, and other men in the setiute say they know. The noii-legisla'or it convinced by one argument and then unconvinced by the rebuttal, and there you go. Sometimes the wish la ex pressed t tut t "uny old thing" might be tried out in order to see how it will work. Such la the yeitruitig for re lief of some kind from tbue elements In the American communities who hup pen to be represented In ui way oi another in Washington whna beurlngt are being held by the committees bay ing diurge of nuances. The Itepubllcun majority in the sea ate seems finally to believe that It see the (Wed light of agreement among It members and that the factional ab'ps now can steer a clear course Into the harbor of harmony. When the senate convened last spring the Republican had audi a great majority that there was rejoicing among them becaust they believed the way was clear and no troublea could beset their helms man or crew. Home storms came rock a and sandbars were encountered and the aupposedly stanch vessel hu been several times near to the point of foundering. Now the Republican aay, although the Ieiuocrata strongly deny It. that the seums and holes In the hull have been closed and that the raft la as good aa new. The Demo crats believe that the Republican ma jority Is likely again to break Into factions at any moment District Hit by Economy Spasm. lu tha uuiue of economy a good deal of scrimping seems to be the or der of the congressional dny. The ex pen sea of government are simply enor mous, and emigres, 0 ta effort to PLAN REFUND make a showing. Is cutting govern mentnl exencN here, there ami ev erywhere, but the Inevitable qut'StliS Is, Is I lie cutting in rvei) rase being directed wisely? Something like t ln,iSi, has Just been cut fr.jui the estlmutes of the Ireiistiry department for the supisirt of the municipal uud oilier activities f the I'istrict of Colombia, which means thr city of Wuslnngioii, for the next fiscal year, Kcononi), like charity, therefore In this case s-vlns to begin at home, for while Wuslilnglon perhaps cannot he culled the home of senators and representatives. It is the home of the ( nlted States government. It Is urged here thill it Is a dul'l nsy. cvonoiiiy which would cripple the pron-r activities of the capital of the I Culled Mules which Just now In n huge way Is the capital of the world. lloweMT, the decrease In the estimates probably will lie Indorsed by both bouses iif congress, and police, tire and general Improvement matters In the capital limy huve to get along as well as they can on an uiuount about one third less Hum that promised by the Treasury department after un eco nomic minded budget director IihiI re duced the estimates to what he con sidered to bp the limit. Record Offers Chance for Economy. It mil) set-ui strange for men who "write for print" to suggest that the printing bills of congress might be tut down with advantage to the treas ury und to the public, and perhaps with advantage to some of the mem bers themselves, for It is inconceivable that more than a few of the congress men gain anything by having their l e lies "extended In the llecord." The I'nlted Mates pays a large sum of money each year to print and to circulate speeches of members of con gress which were never made. A mem ber rises to seak aa tuuny words aa he cun In the few minutes ullotted to hi in, and then asks permission to ex tend his remarks In the llecord. He ulways gets permission, and frequently page after page of printed mutter up I tears with the enlightening" Informa tion thut It Is the speech of Hon. So und So delivered In the senute or the house of representatives on the great subject of this or thut. Some of these never delivered speeches which upix'ur In printed form in the Itecord are interesting because tbey are amusing. ' War With Spain Not Forgotten. As wars are viewed, the con flict between the lulled Stutes and Spurn looks like a minor engage ment when compared will) the titanic bHttllngs of the recent great struggle between the nations of the earth, hut never holes the soldiers and suitors who took piirt In the struggles of litti ure not lorgotteu lu the capital of the country. Shortly there will tuke place the twenty-fourth anniversary of the sink ing of the huttleshlp Muiue in the bur bor of liuvanu, Cuba. Triturations are being made in, this city to commemorate the disaster and to pay tribute to the memory of the lueu who lost their lives ou thut stanch new slap ben li went to destruction on a dark Febru ary nlht tu the year ISUH. It wua In l'JIU thut congress land provMoii for the raising of the wreck of I lie Maine. There alw ays bus I con some dispute aa to whether or not tin essv was destroyed by an Internal explosion, or by one from without, al though a board of Investigation de cided thut the ship was destroyed ma liciously by a torpedo launched either by enemies of this country or by men who rlcslied to se the Untied Males enter the wur In la-half of Cuba ami believed that such a horrible act of destruction would bring about the end they sought. When the Muiue was ruslcd evidences were found to prove that the finding of the iirst bourd of investigation bad leeu correct lu every detail Main Mast in Arlington. It was determined to bring to Ibe I'nlted States for erection in Arling ton cemetery for memorial purpos the steel main urn si of the Maine. The Collier Lcotiidas was assigned to the duty of bringing the mast to Wash ington. It wua Just leu years ago thai the Leonidus lied up at the Washing tun navy yard dock after a hard tight with the Ice in Chcsueake bay aud the I'ntoinac river. It waa found thai the main mast was In goisl condition und that what la know as the "lighting top," used for the uccoiiimodutlou of six gunners us ing rupid lire guns, waa Intact. The weight of the main must with its ap purtenances la something over four tons. This relic of the Maine was taken to Arlington cemetery where it was erected over the gruves of the men who lost their Uvea ou the ship aud whose bones, taken from the hold of the veaael, were brought to Washing tou on battleship for luterinent In the national cemetery. I'rlor to the placing of the main mast In Arlington a beautiful tueiuo liul already bud been erected. The main umsl supplements the original monument aud lu a way ia a more Bi ting one to the memory of the sailors who died. There Is an organisation in Wash ing which has for Its object tha keep ing green of the memory of tbe men who died In the Spanish war and for aiding tha veterana of the service who took part In the battlea In Cuba. This organization has not been disrupted by the greater demands made upon tne time of uieu and women which have come aa result of tha great war. boon there will be a service In Arllngtou cemetery lu memory of the Spanish war dead, and taking part Id It there will be hundreds of veterans of that war and many representatives of tbe families of service men, deal and llvlwg. HOME DEPARTMENT Conducted by the Home Economics Department of Berea College CHILD HEALTH I. Malnutrition Should tha daily paper reach your door tomorrow morning; with the headline, "Fire? All children in danger of death! Hundreds crippled for life! every parent would be horror-stricken and every meant em ployed to prevent another such catas trophe. It is to prevent the spread of an evil more destructive and far renching than fire to the lives of children that has forced our atten tion on this sinster word "malnutri tion.' Malnutrition haa caused the death of more children than any knerwn contagious disease. Malnu trition Is the cause of most, If Indeed not all, cases of child delinquency, snd moral weaknea. It ia a foe that strikes at the Uvea of helpless children, silently, awretly, destruc tively. There are five recogniied causes for malnutrition: 1. Physical defects 2. Wnoriir diet ft. Wrong- health habits 4. I-ack of home control 5. Over fatigue One of these causes alone may cause a state of malnutrition, or all five rases may be found in the same child. We will consider Physical defects th:s week. Look at your child. Un dress the child, or watch the child at play or at work, but examine your own child. Do you know when your child Is ssck or healthy? You know when your child ia sick with cold, fever or pain, but do you know when your child is really well, with a bank account of good health to draw upon when the cold epidemics, chicken pox, etc, come around T Has he any of the signs of malnutrition ? If so, your child is not really well. To begin the -examination of your child, you should find out first how much he should weigh for his height not how much he should weigh for his age, but for hia height. Consult a reliable standard for weight and 'eight, use reliable scales that will gauge tenths of pounds, use an ac-j j curat? measure and find out for your-. I self what the correct weight for your child should be. If he is aa much as I five percent under-weight, he is con-i l- i i i . : l t II- ill h tieretl lllinour-nirw. v w 111 v , EASTERN KENTUCKY NEWS (Continued from page 3) Robert Bowman are clearing aome brush land. Frank Crourher haa gone bark to housekeeping since his house burned. Scaffold Cane ia fur nishinir a part of the grand jury for the February term of court. It seems that some of the boys are very restless. Guess they are un easy. Tom Croucher has been very sick w'th throat trouble. Our neigh borhood has had the worst colds eince the flu year. Clint Northern's fami- ly is on the sick list. J. W. McCal-( Ions entire family ia down with flu. . Sumo, unthoughtful parties are still trying to mooruiiine, but Felix Lays( says hey must stop. Chris Wood is out again selling groceries. Little Violette Todd is on the sick list. J. W. Todd has rheumatism. Prep arations are being made for a ten day tinging school at Walnut Grove schittlhouse. Thrrelinks Threelinks, Feb. 6. The pie sup per conducted by Jr. O. U. A. M. at the Odd Fellow Hall In Threelnks passed of quietly Saturday night. On account of the bad weather only ten pies and boxea were present, but the boys bid generously and forty dollars waa raised. Thank you, boys! Pete Gabbard of Goochland, who is salesman for a grocery in Lexington, passed thru here first of the week Hardin Moore waa visiting at Bert Phillips' Saturday night W. A. Th llipa was In Mt Vernon first of tha week. -tin uit court begins at, Mt Verno.t odny, February 6th, and several of tha boys are attending. j Oscar Owen of Disputanta was in( Threelinks Saturday and Sunday. I Cat I us Hurst of Cooksburg has moved to Threelinks and contemplates mak ing this his future "nome Aretha Rice of Detroit, Mich., is visiting at this place. W. J. Simpson of Berea was in town last week calling on merchants. Lou Phillips is very low with la grippe at this writing. J. W. Marcura of Sand Gap passed thru here last week on his way to Copper! Creek, where hs haa purchased a1 farm. Robert Tankersley and Estill Vsnssuit of Crooked Creek neighbor-1 hood passed thru on their way to Richmond, Monday. OWSLEY COUNTY Ialand City Iiland City. Feb. 6 Harlan Hud son is on tha decline, being troubled! with bronchitis. Th Rev, Middle ton, pastor of the Baptist church,! preached at Walnut Grove Saturday' night and Sunday. Th report Is sider tha problem of gaining weight next week. Continuing- the examination, you look at your child as he aits tinwn. Does he s't on the small of his hack, shoulders stooped, chest hollowed? Are his shoulder blades prominent? Is his backbone perfectly straight, or do you feel a light curvature aa you run your fingrr down the spine? Does your child breathe w'th hia mouth open? Does he breathe thru only one side of his nose? Have you looked to see what your child's tonsils look like? If your child sits and breathes properly, you are ready to look farther. Dad teeth, teeth with unfilled cav ities, even in first teeth, may cause stomach trouble, rheumatism and ae rious heart trouble from the forma tion of pua. Are your child's teeth clean? Is there no bad odor in the breath? Are the teeth regular? Ir regular teeth lead to poor mastica tion, and that. In turn, leads to all sorts of digestive troubles. IWa your child see and hear per fectly? Watrh your child read. How near must be hold the book? How long can he read before becom ing; fidgety ? If your child does not hear well, la it because of wax in the ear, or some deeper cause? Is your child's skin clran? Soap and water are treat friends to health, but after they have done their work, are there spots, erruptions, or discoloration on the skin that don't come off? After you have gone as far as this in your examination and find your child satisfactory In every way, ex amine the child's disposition. Is be irritable, willful, unreasonable? Is he nervous, a. poor sleeper, and tha possessor of an uncertain appe tite. In other words, is he herd to control? Ask his teacher about his school work. Tske account of his grade card. He may be making high grade at the expense of his nervous energy. He may be making low grades because of physical defects for which he is not to blame. Take your child to a doctor or a dentist. Assure yourself thst he Is physically as sound as you can make him; and if he belongs in the under weight class, read the art'rle In this space next week. that W. T. Bowman arrived In the neighborhood on the evrn:ng of the 4th with two of his children. Wil lard IWkne!l, who has been at Lex i rig-ton for some time, has returned. Mrs. Mary Carroll and Rocus Beck nell, who went to Lexington some few weeks back visiting relatives, have re turned. Frank Campbell has moved to Reattyville. William Rains got a bam burnt down at the upper end of h farm recently, accidentally caught on fire F. G. Peters sold his tract of land nt Island City to his brother, Sheridan. The farmers here are busy plowing, clearing and repar. intf We congratulate The Citizen on the. idea of "Dad legislation,'' and good citizenship; one tenda to de stroy, the other to build up. Conway, Ky, Feb. 7. 1922 The Berra Citizen: Conway Club News The County Agent Robert F. Spenre, visited Conway school, Feb runry 1, 1922, and gave a very in spiring talk. When Mr. Spence was thru speaking everyone was con vinced that Junior Agricultural Clubs were worth-while. A club was then organized 'with a membership of 14 members, and the following officers were elected: Local Leader, Miss Rosa E. Dalton; President Maggie McKn'ght; Vice President Millard Bog-gs; Scretary, Phamy Wood. The club was named "'Hustlers," and iU motto, "Never Idle." Tbe club hopes to abide by its motto. Sec of Club, Phamy Wood Cincinnati Markets Buttsr, Eggs and Poultry Itutter Whole milk creamery extras 4c; (vulrulij'd extra ,S7c; llrst 'Xlc; fancy dairy 2.'. Kgga fcxtra tlrsi '!'; Hints :i7Vc; ordinary firsts Il-V. Live Poultry Krers 2 Dm and over 28c; fowls 4 ll and over J.'lc; under 4 11 21c; roost ei l.V. Live Stock Cattle Steers, good to choice ftS-'s) t?7.D0; fair to good tMitHM; com mon to lair Hu he lei - good to choice i) 7 ; fair In good $50, com mon In fulr i 'n't ; cuuneru &!4'.!.;J; stock heifers Ilifi.VJ; stock steers r4jtt. .,..1. ... ,j VIMVtSi ItlHfll llf f UUfCV l.'4 I.I..NF fair to good lOyl.'J; common aud large .'i. hheep cjood tu choice fhiftti; fair to good S2.oO.YtJO; common Ql. lambs good to choice $1.113.'); fair to good $10 11 Iloga Heavy f.nu; choice pack ers and butchers Iu .V)9.T3; medium Stt.78: eouiuioii to choice heavy fat sows $507.23; Mil shippers tu.75; pigs (110 lbs aud leas) 7JO.7a.