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v The .citizen
Devoted to tine Interests of the ovLnteiln People BEREA PUBLISHING CO. (INCORFMATIO) MARSHALL f VAUGHN. UiMr Our Threefold Aim: To fto th Ncwi of BerM and Vicinity; To Record th Happening of Berea Collect; To bo of Intorooi to all Ui Mountain PoopU. ailNHAlOT KmUrtd ml (A WJI mi ffma. Km , mm mi m4 mmnt-mmtt, mniier Art f Man, IT. MUM Aivnr 7rW.i ml Hmm, Km Vol xmii. rive Centa Per Copy BEREA, MADISON COUNTT, KENTUCKY, MARCH 9, 1922 One Dollar and Fifty Cent Per Toar No. 37 NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Ratification of Yap Treaty Indi cates Other Pacts Will Go Through Senate. NOT AOMITTED BY ENEMIES Fight to Modif Volstead Act Begun y Federation of Labor New Plan ta Finance Bonn President Aaka Congress (or Ship Subsidy. By COWARD W. PICKARO IN TDK preliminary limit of the tieaty tight In the senate I hi' ad mltilntntf lot, lino scored victories which lead Senator Lodge ami others to pre dirt certain triumph In the nuiln con test over Hie four (siwer Pacific pact, aa well aa In the other bonis Ripreashiu of thla rnnfldetice mine after th senate, on Wednesday. Imil ratified th trt tit jr with Jhmiii concern ing Tap This la tint properly iMie of the Washington conference aerlea of trrattea. Ion It in cfpfance. was run aiilcred n v-nry before action In taken on tin- other I'lielflo treaties. It puta an end to the i!piile between thla rwiiniiy and Japan by recognizing the Japan mandate over Vnp nml at the same lime securing Amcrle' rahle right there. The ftiinl vote on the Yap part was 87 to 22 ami n preceded hy the Tot ing dnwn of a number of reservation which certain Ivmocratlc senator thought ne"eii ry to make American rights on the Island entirely secure. Thirteen lmocrata votel for ratifica tion, ami three llcpuhllcan Month. France ami Johiion against It. Al though th administration force aalil they were entirely antlsflisl with the rote, the "Irreconcilable" also pm feaaed to he JnMlnnt. The latter aa serted they had niaile ainall effort to defeat thU trcaff ami that they were ronfhtent they could muster enough mora votes to heat the four power pact Oa moti'i of Senator I.odg the aenate Immediately took tip the four power treat), ami the Indication were that the debate on that would IhhI aev ral week As It waa reported to the aauata by the ciiiuiulttea oa foreign relation. It carrlea but the one In Decuoua lntenretntlve reservation that waa approved hy Treatment 1 1 nllnic. To llorah. Johnaon, Franc anil a few other aenatora might well le ap plied a sentence from one of the late Amhaaaador Page letter during the war: "In the United Status we lie down every night In Gcorg Washing ton'a feat tier bed of no entangling al liance" I luring the debate Borah do cleared lie would aupport the Vnp treaty If he could he aure that It would get rid of America' one fifth Interest In the mandated lalatula of the aoiith "I cannot Imairlne a more atrloti ntanglemenf." said Senator llornh, "than owning a one-fifth lnteret In thewe ilnd We are becoming very ertiHialy Involvml ami more mo evorv day." Kenaloi of Missouri ileilori'il the refnanl f the HHtloiia to rccociile the prim -Iple of arlf leti-rinlii:ition m deallli( Willi the qneition or Yap ro hlhltloa. II' lirliiri'd itmt tli Ynp landera U l io'er hi't'ii iiiihuIi'i i to whello'r tht-v "llkeil likki r or ni't." He drew a "lltniil phiuri of ihlr'iy Tapa (riMiiiiilt: uii'l.t the tyninny of a Japanese YoUieHil." Tlte treaty as rntl fled anH.' the prohlhltlon atni'iiiliiii'iit only to native. THIS tii-tnli.n of prohlhltliHi leaiU one to tentiire the pciNoniil opln Idn that If there la any force that ran bring alioiit the iiioilith-atliHi of the Volaleail art ao that the country will oii more have lt hecr anil lluht wlnca. that force haa Junl liccti act In motion. The eiecutlvv coutull of the American toleration of I.iihor hna taken up tin i-auae anil keck to niiike or It a polltloil lamie In the forthcom lii( ronitreiloiial CHinalini. It Untied a dei'laratiiai In which the Votateail en forcement act la denounced a moral fnllura and a itHiiiteroua breeder of dis content and coiitcitipt for law, and whli h cotn-liiilca : "We urn.' that Mil citlzena In avery walk of tit.- ili'tnaml from their repra ai'iilntlve ami Kciuilora In WaahlnKtim tinimsllMt'' ivl'cr from the timarriuitel ri'stiii lion I'ontulm i In the Vol'-ti'U'l art ; ami e IlkHAlse hiikkchI to the i ltUcnshlp of our I'ountry the wUiloiu nml ml loiihility of ht'urlnn III mltnl the attllti'le touiinl thla Isaue of oltliv hohliTa Mil l tt'pinim to nlhre III coin ing clciiioiia In oiilcr that there may he reHtored to the pNple the luwful nae of wholi'Honie hcer ami ll'lit wlnex, which, umler I he provlHiiHi of the eighteenth woK'nilnu'iit ran ami vliniild he rightfully iht larisl aa iiini luloxh at ItiK b'verin;i'a." 'I'he ckitullve council HHti-rla It hohla "thai tho rlithlcentli aiiicniliin iit iimU'r a rt'iiaonahli' ami proH-r lci;la liitiva Interpretation would lie bcuctt rial to our country and would have the aupport of th. groat majority of our ix'ople." Hut t ie council auva an 11 (Continutd oa Page Two) U. S. AND CANADA FACE COAL SRIKE Mine Union Official Says Men Will Vote on Walkout for April 1. j NEXT MOVE UP TO OWNERS International Board Member Saya Op trators Refute to Negotiate Other Than on Their Own Demand. f'nlKiiry, Alhertn, March ft. Canada anil the I'Mii'd .Shite fine nn Intir tint ! tint I atrlke or coal mlnera to lieiclii on April I. nccordlhK to a atntement lamied hy Itohert Llvett, Interniitlonul iMtnrd iiiiiiiIkt ror dlatrtct No. 1H, I'nltfd Mine Worker of America. Th annoimceiiK'nt followed the breakup of the cn'e cimfcrenve lietw-'iMi miner ittn npcrntora. Mr. I.hi'tt until that ballot luul hocn aent out to all local of the I'nlted Mine Worker In both I'liiinilii nml the I'nlted State, ami thnl the iiM'mUr Uere being naked whether or not they desired to j:le power to the policy committee, appointed at the Iiiilhiiin IMilla convention, to cull a eeneriil atrlke on April 1 If agreement were nut etiteriMl Into by that tlnte. He ndd ed that ballot were to he returned to the vnrloii district heailqnnrtera by Mr'h IS. Mr. I.lvett would not ei pre an opinion regarding the prob able otiteoine of the vote. Up to Operatora. Mr. I.lvett aiilil the next move wna up to the oerator. They refund nt a meeting here to negotiate other than nn their own itemand. he aert.'t. A aoon a they are willing to re cede from their mandatory poaltlon we fthall he only tn willing to react an agreement thnl will be aatlafnrtory to hMh aide." he explained. "Tlie alt nation I mtch that In all probability there will he ceaflon of operation on April I unleaa the opemtor alter their attitude In the Intervnl." "Saving Wage" Demanded. New York. March 4. Cheaper an thracite rout for the public, to be made poaalhle by Blushing the profit of th. mine owner rather than by reducing the laborer's wage, la advocated by the t'nheri Mine Workera of America In a atafement Issiiei) here. "Mine owner freely admit that the cot of conl to the consumer I too high." derliirc the tiiteineiit. "The remedv thev siil'i-sI aa a pielltnlniiry to the oHiilng of new negotiation for n working agreement with the work er. I a reduction In the cost of dig glng the conl -the miners' wage whh h Is placed by the operator at KUK1 n ton " The mine worker Indicate that low er labor cost will represent a "bnrej living wage." whereas thev Insist upon "ii snxlng wage commensurate with the hnrards of the Industry." I "Coal nells at New York, riilhnlel ! phhi and In other large cllle at prii-es ranging lip to .1H a ton. which re pre ent the iH'r:itor' own profit, profit of the railroad, profit of the conl sale eonipany. the royalty faker and distributing agents." the atafement net fortli. "The operators very klllfully avoid any reference to reduction nf a ub Ntantlal nature In the matter of theli own profit." the atiiteineiil continue "It Is therefore obvloua that there must be some contui'tlmi between the oteriitirs nml all those w ho handle thi coal between the operator ami the consumer and, of course, from an Interested standpoint, the operators can ace dellallon only ao far aa the mlnera atv concerned and a contlniia tlon of the earnings of operator, rail road, sale companies and oilier." TO RESUME CABLE SERVICE German Companies Conclude Arrange ment With American Firms, Says Berlin Dispatch. Berlin. Man h (1. The Rerlln news pnpers revort that the tlermun Atbin tlc and German Smith American Tele graph companies had concluded an arrangement with American telegraph compunles whereby the German com panies will resume cable service. Un der the arrangement the German com panies are to operate the aoclloii from Ktitden to the Azores and the Ameri can compnnlc the section between the Azores and New York. The Ger man companies will be merged am! will treble their capital. It la reortcd. POLAND'S CABINET RESIGNS Ponikowaki Ministry Out After Fail ure of Vilna Negotiations Took Office Sept. 20. Warsaw. I'olanil March ). The cab inet of Premier I'onlkowakl haa re signed after failure of negotiations with the Yllua delegation on the text of an net of at Mil Ion or the region of Ulna l Poland. The I'oliikowskl cabinet took o( Sept. 'JO lust, succeeding the ministry henib'd by Vincent Wlloa ) .iff- & ' - . ' ' my'' T'J f v f i i y at r. x -r-r i r-jzr i" iJ BWI. '1 w i-JPTJ.aa 1 - y fl ew r-m my y Mftj I. I lllielili at Ailing oi rcilielen. ol nil lux ol the Itolilii iitrshlp dlsasler. Accc,,,.,. , Ington nieiiiiMlal to he erecteil at Uexaiiilria. Va., by the Kne Masons. 8. Kiiglaml mi Vls.oiini l.nsieMet, r.'inwere married February 'JH. RATIFICATION OF TREATY DOUBTFUL UNLEftS PUBLIC PRESSURE IS BROUGHT TO BEAR ON CER TAIN SENATORS Four Power Document Suit of Hard Sledding From Preaent Indication Reacrvatlon Stumbling Bloca Accurate Eatimat of Situation Not Available At This Tim. Washington. Inventory of the situ ation in the Semite has revealed to oilvocHtew of the four-I'ower Pacific tn-aty that rat ti nit Ion wUI not be tic coniplislnsl without a big effort, and that unleai public pressure I brought t bear half a dozen more lieiinrnti and a few more KepuhUcaim may awing over to the leadership of the ir reximciluble. An accurate eetitnate of the situa tion In the Semite cannot lie made at this time, but the chisenese of the situ ation Is so a p m rent that party lend ers will unite this week. Much will depend uMn the nature of any reserva tion that is aihipted, and in this purMa nietitary squirming the defeatists hope to win on strategy. A number of Uepiihlican and Isino rrats who favor ratification .f the treaty either are opposisl to the imxli. tlixl Itrandcgtie renervallon, which the F'oneigTi Iteliitlon Committee cotnpro mliied iiion, or to any reservations, and many of thee have said they will vote agultiat ratification if an unsatisfac tory reservation la adopted. On the other hand, a number of Senators on both sides wlm generally approve the tre.ity demand atronger reservations than the terms proposed in the I'.ramlegie dnift ami say they w ill vote against ralltli at oti unless It I tretigtheins. The ainall group of IrrecniieilabU' will pluy these groups against each other, aa In the t-riigne of Niillons fight. STADIUM WORK HALTED Subscribers To Ohio Stat Structure Fail To Live Up To Pledge Columbus.-Const nut nm of tho athletic stadium at Ohio Stale Univer sity may be held up unless additional funds are forthcoming, It was said to day. The crisis comes in June, when the contmctora present claims for f I.'UOiO. and for which there Is no mooey to pay them. The needed amount ha been pledged by subscrib ers throughout the slate, but on ac count of their failure to pay up the limit ion Miliits to a suspension of work and the failure to have th stad ium finished for fall. The third Install ment nn suhscriptiona was due In Jan uary. The final payment la due In July. "I'rosiing the .tune financial shoal is, therefore, the en1 tow aril w hich must heml preaent efforts," declared Carl S. Stii'h, Tteaaurer of the stad ium fund. "If we can keep the con tractors on the job through! June, pay ments of final Installments will i ie to the rescue In July, but the overdue ptclgei must be paid up If this is to he accomplished " Students have been ask.il to help bridge the crisis by buying stadium stamps and gelling special contribu tion for the great "horeshN" struc ture. EXPLOSIVES EXPERT DIES Hacketisaclc. N. J lr. Wnlter T. Siheolo, llj year old. explosive ex pert, died here to night of pneumonia. !r. Scheie was Interniil In Atl.-nta IVniteiitlary during the World War. and Is said to have been paroled after he had presented two Inventions to tills Government, one of them a safa means of trasort!tig TNT. He was one of (he experts in I led In t.i make a retort on the Mali street bomb X Illusion. fMm . s ta s a .J MAN FATALLY SHOT ON STREETS OF TOMKINSVILLE Bethel Crow and Clover Rhoton fought a pistol duel on the streets of Tompkinsville, in Monroe county, on Manh 6th. Rhoton was killed, and according to reports Crow did not re ceive a wound, tho several shots were fired at him. GRAVES COUNTY SHERIFF KILLED BY DEPUTY John T. Roach, sheriff of Graves county, was chot and killed in his office at Mayfield on March 6. Sam Galloway, a former deputy has been charged with the killing;. The killing; it is reported was brought about by a quarrel over the reduction of Gal loway's salary. The report says that the sheriff was shot by his own pistol which the slayer took from the safe in the sheriff's office. WELL KNOWN CITIZEN MUR DERED AT HIS HOME NEAR BIG HILL Isaac W. Coyle, who owned a store near the top of Big Hill on the old state road in Rockcastle county, was murdered in his home last Thursday night. Evidence haa revealed that Mr. Coyle was called to his door, shot down and robbed of about $600. Mr. Coy'e wa not discovered until soma thirty-six hours after the murder when bey were playing under the floor and noticed blood seeping thru the boards. An investigation immediately follow ed 'and Mr. Coyle was found lying near the door with a pillow under his head and a blanket thrown over him. The report comes that three men by the name of Bowman, Comett and McQueen have been arrested for the crime. Mr. Coyle was well known thruout Madison and Rockcastle counties and had many friends in and around Be rea. He was a good citizen, it is aaid, by those who knew him. WAGE FIGHT OPENS Chicago. ISallroad labor and the na tion's largest transportation lines will open their fight oxer the preaent scale of wages to-morrow morning before the I'plted States liailroad Uibor Hoard. More than 1T.1 roads have placed petitions for reductions averag ing It) per cent before the hoard, a move which has been met by many groups of employees by counterpro posals for wage advam-es. GLASS PLANT DESTROYED Newark. O. -Kire early Sunday de rt roved the blow ing and packing house of the Licking Window Glass Com pany, at I'llca, near here, causing damage et'mated at l.'iti.tksi and throwing "mi men out of work, ami a second lire at Ittu keyc Lake early to day also caused ex.ensiv damage, lie s' rov Ing ihe It K. Wii'kle grocery and cold ator.ue plant and three outages. Hurry Mi i 'atiti, President of the glass OMnpanv. atiiioucied that th factory would be reheilt. Community Had Goose Dinner. A reader in Ihe stale of Washington say that a few days ago a flock of wild geese migrating soul Ii ward ran into an electrical storm mar Martha lake, Washington, with disastrous re sults, twenty helng struck dead. The residents of the district enjoyed a mighty line wild gooe dinner the belt day. Student Ends Life. Annapolis. Md March fl. I lospond ent because he was deficient in I'r ui.ii atudie nml fcoi' iig th it he would no he graduiiieil In June John Itiinoii Muslin. Jr . t ilci'iiiiintiov n I'm., mem ber or the setitot ehi at Si I. hii college, committed aiinnle by shoot-lug. T4 . m.:-SSir J 7 m: ' am a - m aiii i La mm I mi .8 AJ for Waan- Latest portrait of I'll mess Mary of THE PRESENT EDUCATIONAL LAW STANDS The vote cast by Lieut-Governor Ballard, which disposed of the anti educational bill, was one of the wisest votes cast by anyone during the pres ent session of the Legislature. I ad this bill become law, we should have been just where we were in education al matters two years ago. County superintendents would be elected again on the old basis, and public! u 1 l.l a. -..aj m I isiiwib nuuiu luniaiiuc vo aiuier inim the same political ailments that have long kept them feeble in Kentucky. But the present law, which ia good and progressive, stands, and we may hope for improvement, both in its ad ministration and in the results which it will bring. Kentucky is to be congratulated on sending to the Senate the seven teen men who voted against the meas ure from the first, and on having a Lieut-Governor who was brave enough to cast the 18th vote that killed the bill. These men deserve the commenda tion of every citizen of the Common' wealth. G. A. R. AT LOUISVILLE Most of the Louisville papers had ruts, last week, showing the Com-mander-in-Chef of the G. A. R., Dr. Lewis S. Pilcher of N. Y., Prof. Le vant Dodge, and three or four others of the Kentucky comrades. At tho night meeting to publicly welcome the head of the Grand Army of the Republic, held in Scottish Rite Ca thedral, Mayor Quin gave the ad dress of welcome; Commander Pilcher spoke at length upon the work of the G. A. R. Professor Dodge spoke for the Kentucky comrades, and short ad dresses were given by Ex-Gov. Will son, Maj. Leathers. Capt. Hammond and others. The next day, by arangement of the Mayor, Dr. Pilcher and Professor Dodge were taken around to sec the eights of the city, escorted by City Assessor Bristow. They also were Mayor Quin's guests for dinner at the weekly meeting of the Optimist Club, where both were called out for after-dinner speeches. MICKIE SAYS ( TW REftSOV SWUUE AwA.tX iTWAH S BECOZ. t OOWf UEVJEVL kaksmy be better v vr KMGHT BE A HOCV COT WOW Avjf VJERC C TH' VJP-G(Ofi AGAIkl, VllTe VMS t AVHMS WEAR A. SAMlE ' NOO YBH QUE'. h. L if I v. (3 1 WorWNews Bjl. J. R. Robertson, Professor, of H afory and Political Science Berea Collet The treaty between the United States and Japan settling the contro versy over the island of Yap has been ratified by the senate. Thla I just a forerunner of the larger trea ties. The island concerned formerly belonged in Germany and was taken by Japan during the war. It ia so located as to make it important in helping or hindering our wireless con nection with the Philippines. W tried at first to get the island, then agreed to a concession for wireless plant, and now by the treaty agree to construct no plant of our own as Ion? as Japan keeps one up and renders satisfactory service. The only objec tion raised to the treaty was the in definitoness in regard to the one who may decide when the service is un satisfactory. At a recent meeting at Boulogne, in France, English and French states men are said to have come to an agreement and practically made an Alliance with one another. In tho mutual agreement England promises to support France against any ag gression on the part of Germany and likewise to support Poland from out side attacks. France, on her part, gives up her ambitions in the East ern Mediterranean and supports tho interests of England. If the report is correct, it follows close on move ments of France in Turkey and Rus sia that threatened a break between the countries ao recently allied. England's agreement in regard to Po land is due to France's strong sup port of that country. England has agreed to withdraw her protectorate from Egypt which has existed since 1882. At that time she put down a rebellion which threatened to interfere with her canal interests and decided to remain in the country until order was en sured. Tho urged to withdraw, aha has continued to remain until tho present time. Even now she will not withdraw until Egypt agrees to give her a right to protect her communi cation with India in case of need; to defend Egypt against foreign aggres sion and to protect fortign interests in Egypt. It ia not assured that Egypt will agree to these conditions quickly, and England will stay until she does. The Four Power Treaty between England, France, Japan and the Uni ted States is open to attack in the Senate at the same point that the Treaty of Versailles was in the fa mous Article X. In this new treaty Article II provides that in case the insular possessions of any ' of the four powers are attacked the nations shall confer to see what means are to be used in the emergency. Should the agreement be that force was nec essary, could it bo used by the Uni ted States without the consent of Congress? Mr. Harding said that such a consent would be necesary and was implied. A reservation to that effect has been prepared and will probably be brought forward in the senate as was done in case of the Treaty of Verraille. A curious and interesting question has arisen out of a request made by the Governor of North Carolina for the extradition of a negro charged with murder, who escaped to Canada. In the first place, the State made the request direct rather than thru the Federal Government In the sec. ond place, the Canadian Government is not disposed to return the negro unless a good case can bo made against him and requests what ia equivalent of a trial on Canadian soil. North Carolina resents this as a reflection on her courts. What tho attitude of the .National Government u:l be has not yet appeared. It ia likely to be a case that requires deli cate handling. BANK ROBBED OF $30,000 Itidianapol'a, Ind. The K.isi Tenth street branch of the Fletcher Saving aud Trust Company, or this city, wu looted or approximately $.'l,( tn cur rency. Liberty bonds and war sav ings stamp shortly before noon hy four roughly dres-ed and heavily arm. ed bandits. The holdups escaped in a touring car In which one of their iKiifciler.ite.H awaited them. A po lice pursuit was started Immediately, but no trace of the cur was found.