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The citizen. (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, March 09, 1922, Image 1

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v The .citizen
Devoted to tine Interests of the ovLnteiln People
BEREA PUBLISHING CO.
(INCORFMATIO)
MARSHALL f VAUGHN. UiMr
Our Threefold Aim: To fto
th Ncwi of BerM and Vicinity;
To Record th Happening of
Berea Collect; To bo of Intorooi
to all Ui Mountain PoopU.
ailNHAlOT
KmUrtd ml (A WJI mi ffma. Km , mm mi m4
mmnt-mmtt, mniier Art f Man, IT.
MUM Aivnr 7rW.i ml Hmm, Km
Vol xmii.
rive Centa Per Copy
BEREA, MADISON COUNTT, KENTUCKY, MARCH 9, 1922
One Dollar and Fifty Cent Per Toar
No. 37
NEWS REVIEW OF
CURRENT EVENTS
Ratification of Yap Treaty Indi
cates Other Pacts Will Go
Through Senate.
NOT AOMITTED BY ENEMIES
Fight to Modif Volstead Act Begun
y Federation of Labor New Plan
ta Finance Bonn President Aaka
Congress (or Ship Subsidy.
By COWARD W. PICKARO
IN TDK preliminary limit of the
tieaty tight In the senate I hi' ad
mltilntntf lot, lino scored victories which
lead Senator Lodge ami others to pre
dirt certain triumph In the nuiln con
test over Hie four (siwer Pacific pact,
aa well aa In the other bonis
Ripreashiu of thla rnnfldetice mine
after th senate, on Wednesday. Imil
ratified th trt tit jr with Jhmiii concern
ing Tap This la tint properly iMie of
the Washington conference aerlea of
trrattea. Ion It in cfpfance. was run
aiilcred n v-nry before action In
taken on tin- other I'lielflo treaties. It
puta an end to the i!piile between
thla rwiiniiy and Japan by recognizing
the Japan mandate over Vnp nml
at the same lime securing Amcrle'
rahle right there.
The ftiinl vote on the Yap part was
87 to 22 ami n preceded hy the Tot
ing dnwn of a number of reservation
which certain Ivmocratlc senator
thought ne"eii ry to make American
rights on the Island entirely secure.
Thirteen lmocrata votel for ratifica
tion, ami three llcpuhllcan Month.
France ami Johiion against It. Al
though th administration force aalil
they were entirely antlsflisl with the
rote, the "Irreconcilable" also pm
feaaed to he JnMlnnt. The latter aa
serted they had niaile ainall effort to
defeat thU trcaff ami that they were
ronfhtent they could muster enough
mora votes to heat the four power
pact
Oa moti'i of Senator I.odg the
aenate Immediately took tip the four
power treat), ami the Indication were
that the debate on that would IhhI aev
ral week As It waa reported to the
aauata by the ciiiuiulttea oa foreign
relation. It carrlea but the one In
Decuoua lntenretntlve reservation that
waa approved hy Treatment 1 1 nllnic.
To llorah. Johnaon, Franc anil a
few other aenatora might well le ap
plied a sentence from one of the late
Amhaaaador Page letter during the
war: "In the United Status we lie
down every night In Gcorg Washing
ton'a feat tier bed of no entangling al
liance" I luring the debate Borah do
cleared lie would aupport the Vnp
treaty If he could he aure that It would
get rid of America' one fifth Interest
In the mandated lalatula of the aoiith
"I cannot Imairlne a more atrloti
ntanglemenf." said Senator llornh,
"than owning a one-fifth lnteret In
thewe ilnd We are becoming very
ertiHialy Involvml ami more mo evorv
day."
Kenaloi of Missouri ileilori'il
the refnanl f the HHtloiia to rccociile
the prim -Iple of arlf leti-rinlii:ition m
deallli( Willi the qneition or Yap ro
hlhltloa. II' lirliiri'd itmt tli Ynp
landera U l io'er hi't'ii iiiihuIi'i i
to whello'r tht-v "llkeil likki r or ni't."
He drew a "lltniil phiuri of ihlr'iy
Tapa (riMiiiiilt: uii'l.t the tyninny of a
Japanese YoUieHil." Tlte treaty as rntl
fled anH.' the prohlhltlon atni'iiiliiii'iit
only to native.
THIS tii-tnli.n of prohlhltliHi leaiU
one to tentiire the pciNoniil opln
Idn that If there la any force that ran
bring alioiit the iiioilith-atliHi of the
Volaleail art ao that the country will
oii more have lt hecr anil lluht
wlnca. that force haa Junl liccti act In
motion. The eiecutlvv coutull of the
American toleration of I.iihor hna
taken up tin i-auae anil keck to niiike
or It a polltloil lamie In the forthcom
lii( ronitreiloiial CHinalini. It Untied
a dei'laratiiai In which the Votateail en
forcement act la denounced a moral
fnllura and a itHiiiteroua breeder of dis
content and coiitcitipt for law, and
whli h cotn-liiilca :
"We urn.' that Mil citlzena In avery
walk of tit.- ili'tnaml from their repra
ai'iilntlve ami Kciuilora In WaahlnKtim
tinimsllMt'' ivl'cr from the timarriuitel
ri'stiii lion I'ontulm i In the Vol'-ti'U'l
art ; ami e IlkHAlse hiikkchI to the
i ltUcnshlp of our I'ountry the wUiloiu
nml ml loiihility of ht'urlnn III mltnl
the attllti'le touiinl thla Isaue of oltliv
hohliTa Mil l tt'pinim to nlhre III coin
ing clciiioiia In oiilcr that there may
he reHtored to the pNple the luwful
nae of wholi'Honie hcer ami ll'lit wlnex,
which, umler I he provlHiiHi of the
eighteenth woK'nilnu'iit ran ami vliniild
he rightfully iht larisl aa iiini luloxh at
ItiK b'verin;i'a."
'I'he ckitullve council HHti-rla It
hohla "thai tho rlithlcentli aiiicniliin iit
iimU'r a rt'iiaonahli' ami proH-r lci;la
liitiva Interpretation would lie bcuctt
rial to our country and would have the
aupport of th. groat majority of our
ix'ople." Hut t ie council auva an 11
(Continutd oa Page Two)
U. S. AND CANADA
FACE COAL SRIKE
Mine Union Official Says Men Will
Vote on Walkout for
April 1.
j NEXT MOVE UP TO OWNERS
International Board Member Saya Op
trators Refute to Negotiate Other
Than on Their Own
Demand.
f'nlKiiry, Alhertn, March ft. Canada
anil the I'Mii'd .Shite fine nn Intir
tint ! tint I atrlke or coal mlnera to lieiclii
on April I. nccordlhK to a atntement
lamied hy Itohert Llvett, Interniitlonul
iMtnrd iiiiiiiIkt ror dlatrtct No. 1H,
I'nltfd Mine Worker of America. Th
annoimceiiK'nt followed the breakup
of the cn'e cimfcrenve lietw-'iMi
miner ittn npcrntora.
Mr. I.hi'tt until that ballot luul hocn
aent out to all local of the I'nlted
Mine Worker In both I'liiinilii nml the
I'nlted State, ami thnl the iiM'mUr
Uere being naked whether or not they
desired to j:le power to the policy
committee, appointed at the Iiiilhiiin
IMilla convention, to cull a eeneriil
atrlke on April 1 If agreement were
nut etiteriMl Into by that tlnte. He ndd
ed that ballot were to he returned to
the vnrloii district heailqnnrtera by
Mr'h IS. Mr. I.lvett would not ei
pre an opinion regarding the prob
able otiteoine of the vote.
Up to Operatora.
Mr. I.lvett aiilil the next move wna
up to the oerator. They refund nt
a meeting here to negotiate other than
nn their own itemand. he aert.'t.
A aoon a they are willing to re
cede from their mandatory poaltlon
we fthall he only tn willing to react
an agreement thnl will be aatlafnrtory
to hMh aide." he explained. "Tlie alt
nation I mtch that In all probability
there will he ceaflon of operation
on April I unleaa the opemtor alter
their attitude In the Intervnl."
"Saving Wage" Demanded.
New York. March 4. Cheaper an
thracite rout for the public, to be made
poaalhle by Blushing the profit of th.
mine owner rather than by reducing
the laborer's wage, la advocated by
the t'nheri Mine Workera of America
In a atafement Issiiei) here.
"Mine owner freely admit that the
cot of conl to the consumer I too
high." derliirc the tiiteineiit. "The
remedv thev siil'i-sI aa a pielltnlniiry
to the oHiilng of new negotiation for
n working agreement with the work
er. I a reduction In the cost of dig
glng the conl -the miners' wage
whh h Is placed by the operator at
KUK1 n ton "
The mine worker Indicate that low
er labor cost will represent a "bnrej
living wage." whereas thev Insist upon
"ii snxlng wage commensurate with
the hnrards of the Industry." I
"Coal nells at New York, riilhnlel !
phhi and In other large cllle at prii-es
ranging lip to .1H a ton. which re pre
ent the iH'r:itor' own profit, profit
of the railroad, profit of the conl
sale eonipany. the royalty faker and
distributing agents." the atafement
net fortli.
"The operators very klllfully avoid
any reference to reduction nf a ub
Ntantlal nature In the matter of theli
own profit." the atiiteineiil continue
"It Is therefore obvloua that there
must be some contui'tlmi between the
oteriitirs nml all those w ho handle thi
coal between the operator ami the
consumer and, of course, from an
Interested standpoint, the operators
can ace dellallon only ao far aa the
mlnera atv concerned and a contlniia
tlon of the earnings of operator, rail
road, sale companies and oilier."
TO RESUME CABLE SERVICE
German Companies Conclude Arrange
ment With American Firms,
Says Berlin Dispatch.
Berlin. Man h (1. The Rerlln news
pnpers revort that the tlermun Atbin
tlc and German Smith American Tele
graph companies had concluded an
arrangement with American telegraph
compunles whereby the German com
panies will resume cable service. Un
der the arrangement the German com
panies are to operate the aoclloii from
Ktitden to the Azores and the Ameri
can compnnlc the section between
the Azores and New York. The Ger
man companies will be merged am!
will treble their capital. It la reortcd.
POLAND'S CABINET RESIGNS
Ponikowaki Ministry Out After Fail
ure of Vilna Negotiations Took
Office Sept. 20.
Warsaw. I'olanil March ). The cab
inet of Premier I'onlkowakl haa re
signed after failure of negotiations
with the Yllua delegation on the text
of an net of at Mil Ion or the region
of Ulna l Poland.
The I'oliikowskl cabinet took o(
Sept. 'JO lust, succeeding the ministry
henib'd by Vincent Wlloa )
.iff- & '
- . ' ' my''
T'J
f v f i
i y at r. x -r-r i r-jzr
i" iJ BWI. '1 w i-JPTJ.aa 1 - y fl
ew r-m my y Mftj
I. I lllielili at Ailing oi rcilielen. ol nil lux ol the Itolilii iitrshlp dlsasler. Accc,,,.,. ,
Ington nieiiiiMlal to he erecteil at Uexaiiilria. Va., by the Kne Masons. 8.
Kiiglaml mi Vls.oiini l.nsieMet, r.'inwere married February 'JH.
RATIFICATION OF
TREATY DOUBTFUL
UNLEftS PUBLIC PRESSURE IS
BROUGHT TO BEAR ON CER
TAIN SENATORS
Four Power Document Suit of Hard
Sledding From Preaent Indication
Reacrvatlon Stumbling Bloca
Accurate Eatimat of Situation Not
Available At This Tim.
Washington. Inventory of the situ
ation in the Semite has revealed to
oilvocHtew of the four-I'ower Pacific
tn-aty that rat ti nit Ion wUI not be tic
coniplislnsl without a big effort, and
that unleai public pressure I brought
t bear half a dozen more lieiinrnti
and a few more KepuhUcaim may
awing over to the leadership of the ir
reximciluble. An accurate eetitnate of the situa
tion In the Semite cannot lie made at
this time, but the chisenese of the situ
ation Is so a p m rent that party lend
ers will unite this week. Much will
depend uMn the nature of any reserva
tion that is aihipted, and in this purMa
nietitary squirming the defeatists hope
to win on strategy.
A number of Uepiihlican and Isino
rrats who favor ratification .f the
treaty either are opposisl to the imxli.
tlixl Itrandcgtie renervallon, which the
F'oneigTi Iteliitlon Committee cotnpro
mliied iiion, or to any reservations, and
many of thee have said they will vote
agultiat ratification if an unsatisfac
tory reservation la adopted.
On the other hand, a number of
Senators on both sides wlm generally
approve the tre.ity demand atronger
reservations than the terms proposed
in the I'.ramlegie dnift ami say they
w ill vote against ralltli at oti unless It
I tretigtheins. The ainall group of
IrrecniieilabU' will pluy these groups
against each other, aa In the t-riigne
of Niillons fight.
STADIUM WORK HALTED
Subscribers To Ohio Stat Structure
Fail To Live Up To Pledge
Columbus.-Const nut nm of tho
athletic stadium at Ohio Stale Univer
sity may be held up unless additional
funds are forthcoming, It was said to
day. The crisis comes in June, when
the contmctora present claims for
f I.'UOiO. and for which there Is no
mooey to pay them. The needed
amount ha been pledged by subscrib
ers throughout the slate, but on ac
count of their failure to pay up the
limit ion Miliits to a suspension of
work and the failure to have th stad
ium finished for fall. The third Install
ment nn suhscriptiona was due In Jan
uary. The final payment la due In
July.
"I'rosiing the .tune financial shoal is,
therefore, the en1 tow aril w hich
must heml preaent efforts," declared
Carl S. Stii'h, Tteaaurer of the stad
ium fund. "If we can keep the con
tractors on the job through! June, pay
ments of final Installments will i ie
to the rescue In July, but the overdue
ptclgei must be paid up If this is to
he accomplished "
Students have been ask.il to help
bridge the crisis by buying stadium
stamps and gelling special contribu
tion for the great "horeshN" struc
ture. EXPLOSIVES EXPERT DIES
Hacketisaclc. N. J lr. Wnlter T.
Siheolo, llj year old. explosive ex
pert, died here to night of pneumonia.
!r. Scheie was Interniil In Atl.-nta
IVniteiitlary during the World War.
and Is said to have been paroled after
he had presented two Inventions to
tills Government, one of them a safa
means of trasort!tig TNT. He was
one of (he experts in I led In t.i make a
retort on the Mali street bomb X
Illusion.
fMm
. s
ta s
a .J
MAN FATALLY SHOT ON
STREETS OF TOMKINSVILLE
Bethel Crow and Clover Rhoton
fought a pistol duel on the streets of
Tompkinsville, in Monroe county, on
Manh 6th. Rhoton was killed, and
according to reports Crow did not re
ceive a wound, tho several shots were
fired at him.
GRAVES COUNTY SHERIFF
KILLED BY DEPUTY
John T. Roach, sheriff of Graves
county, was chot and killed in his
office at Mayfield on March 6. Sam
Galloway, a former deputy has been
charged with the killing;. The killing;
it is reported was brought about by
a quarrel over the reduction of Gal
loway's salary. The report says that
the sheriff was shot by his own pistol
which the slayer took from the safe
in the sheriff's office.
WELL KNOWN CITIZEN MUR
DERED AT HIS HOME NEAR
BIG HILL
Isaac W. Coyle, who owned a store
near the top of Big Hill on the old
state road in Rockcastle county, was
murdered in his home last Thursday
night. Evidence haa revealed that
Mr. Coyle was called to his door, shot
down and robbed of about $600. Mr.
Coy'e wa not discovered until soma
thirty-six hours after the murder when
bey were playing under the floor and
noticed blood seeping thru the boards.
An investigation immediately follow
ed 'and Mr. Coyle was found lying
near the door with a pillow under his
head and a blanket thrown over him.
The report comes that three men
by the name of Bowman, Comett and
McQueen have been arrested for the
crime.
Mr. Coyle was well known thruout
Madison and Rockcastle counties and
had many friends in and around Be
rea. He was a good citizen, it is
aaid, by those who knew him.
WAGE FIGHT OPENS
Chicago. ISallroad labor and the na
tion's largest transportation lines will
open their fight oxer the preaent scale
of wages to-morrow morning before
the I'plted States liailroad Uibor
Hoard. More than 1T.1 roads have
placed petitions for reductions averag
ing It) per cent before the hoard, a
move which has been met by many
groups of employees by counterpro
posals for wage advam-es.
GLASS PLANT DESTROYED
Newark. O. -Kire early Sunday de
rt roved the blow ing and packing house
of the Licking Window Glass Com
pany, at I'llca, near here, causing
damage et'mated at l.'iti.tksi and
throwing "mi men out of work, ami a
second lire at Ittu keyc Lake early to
day also caused ex.ensiv damage, lie
s' rov Ing ihe It K. Wii'kle grocery and
cold ator.ue plant and three outages.
Hurry Mi i 'atiti, President of the glass
OMnpanv. atiiioucied that th factory
would be reheilt.
Community Had Goose Dinner.
A reader in Ihe stale of Washington
say that a few days ago a flock of
wild geese migrating soul Ii ward ran
into an electrical storm mar Martha
lake, Washington, with disastrous re
sults, twenty helng struck dead. The
residents of the district enjoyed a
mighty line wild gooe dinner the belt
day.
Student Ends Life.
Annapolis. Md March fl. I lospond
ent because he was deficient in I'r ui.ii
atudie nml fcoi' iig th it he would no
he graduiiieil In June John Itiinoii
Muslin. Jr . t ilci'iiiiintiov n I'm., mem
ber or the setitot ehi at Si I. hii
college, committed aiinnle by shoot-lug.
T4 . m.:-SSir J
7 m:
' am
a - m aiii i La mm I mi
.8 AJ
for Waan-
Latest portrait of I'll mess Mary of
THE PRESENT EDUCATIONAL
LAW STANDS
The vote cast by Lieut-Governor
Ballard, which disposed of the anti
educational bill, was one of the wisest
votes cast by anyone during the pres
ent session of the Legislature. I ad
this bill become law, we should have
been just where we were in education
al matters two years ago. County
superintendents would be elected
again on the old basis, and public!
u 1 l.l a. -..aj m I
isiiwib nuuiu luniaiiuc vo aiuier inim
the same political ailments that have
long kept them feeble in Kentucky.
But the present law, which ia good
and progressive, stands, and we may
hope for improvement, both in its ad
ministration and in the results which
it will bring.
Kentucky is to be congratulated
on sending to the Senate the seven
teen men who voted against the meas
ure from the first, and on having a
Lieut-Governor who was brave
enough to cast the 18th vote that
killed the bill.
These men deserve the commenda
tion of every citizen of the Common'
wealth.
G. A. R. AT LOUISVILLE
Most of the Louisville papers had
ruts, last week, showing the Com-mander-in-Chef
of the G. A. R., Dr.
Lewis S. Pilcher of N. Y., Prof. Le
vant Dodge, and three or four others
of the Kentucky comrades. At tho
night meeting to publicly welcome
the head of the Grand Army of the
Republic, held in Scottish Rite Ca
thedral, Mayor Quin gave the ad
dress of welcome; Commander Pilcher
spoke at length upon the work of the
G. A. R. Professor Dodge spoke for
the Kentucky comrades, and short ad
dresses were given by Ex-Gov. Will
son, Maj. Leathers. Capt. Hammond
and others.
The next day, by arangement of
the Mayor, Dr. Pilcher and Professor
Dodge were taken around to sec the
eights of the city, escorted by City
Assessor Bristow. They also were
Mayor Quin's guests for dinner at
the weekly meeting of the Optimist
Club, where both were called out for
after-dinner speeches.
MICKIE SAYS
( TW REftSOV SWUUE AwA.tX
iTWAH S BECOZ. t OOWf UEVJEVL
kaksmy be better v vr
KMGHT BE A HOCV COT WOW
Avjf VJERC C TH' VJP-G(Ofi
AGAIkl, VllTe VMS t
AVHMS WEAR A. SAMlE '
NOO YBH QUE'.
h. L if
I
v. (3 1
WorWNews
Bjl. J. R. Robertson, Professor, of
H afory and Political Science
Berea Collet
The treaty between the United
States and Japan settling the contro
versy over the island of Yap has
been ratified by the senate. Thla I
just a forerunner of the larger trea
ties. The island concerned formerly
belonged in Germany and was taken
by Japan during the war. It ia so
located as to make it important in
helping or hindering our wireless con
nection with the Philippines. W
tried at first to get the island, then
agreed to a concession for wireless
plant, and now by the treaty agree to
construct no plant of our own as Ion?
as Japan keeps one up and renders
satisfactory service. The only objec
tion raised to the treaty was the in
definitoness in regard to the one who
may decide when the service is un
satisfactory. At a recent meeting at Boulogne,
in France, English and French states
men are said to have come to an
agreement and practically made an
Alliance with one another. In tho
mutual agreement England promises
to support France against any ag
gression on the part of Germany and
likewise to support Poland from out
side attacks. France, on her part,
gives up her ambitions in the East
ern Mediterranean and supports tho
interests of England. If the report
is correct, it follows close on move
ments of France in Turkey and Rus
sia that threatened a break between
the countries ao recently allied.
England's agreement in regard to Po
land is due to France's strong sup
port of that country.
England has agreed to withdraw
her protectorate from Egypt which
has existed since 1882. At that time
she put down a rebellion which
threatened to interfere with her
canal interests and decided to remain
in the country until order was en
sured. Tho urged to withdraw, aha
has continued to remain until tho
present time. Even now she will not
withdraw until Egypt agrees to give
her a right to protect her communi
cation with India in case of need; to
defend Egypt against foreign aggres
sion and to protect fortign interests
in Egypt. It ia not assured that
Egypt will agree to these conditions
quickly, and England will stay until
she does.
The Four Power Treaty between
England, France, Japan and the Uni
ted States is open to attack in the
Senate at the same point that the
Treaty of Versailles was in the fa
mous Article X. In this new treaty
Article II provides that in case the
insular possessions of any ' of the
four powers are attacked the nations
shall confer to see what means are
to be used in the emergency. Should
the agreement be that force was nec
essary, could it bo used by the Uni
ted States without the consent of
Congress? Mr. Harding said that
such a consent would be necesary and
was implied. A reservation to that
effect has been prepared and will
probably be brought forward in the
senate as was done in case of the
Treaty of Verraille.
A curious and interesting question
has arisen out of a request made by
the Governor of North Carolina for
the extradition of a negro charged
with murder, who escaped to Canada.
In the first place, the State made
the request direct rather than thru
the Federal Government In the sec.
ond place, the Canadian Government
is not disposed to return the negro
unless a good case can bo made
against him and requests what ia
equivalent of a trial on Canadian
soil. North Carolina resents this as
a reflection on her courts. What tho
attitude of the .National Government
u:l be has not yet appeared. It ia
likely to be a case that requires deli
cate handling.
BANK ROBBED OF $30,000
Itidianapol'a, Ind. The K.isi Tenth
street branch of the Fletcher Saving
aud Trust Company, or this city, wu
looted or approximately $.'l,( tn cur
rency. Liberty bonds and war sav
ings stamp shortly before noon hy
four roughly dres-ed and heavily arm.
ed bandits. The holdups escaped in
a touring car In which one of their
iKiifciler.ite.H awaited them. A po
lice pursuit was started Immediately,
but no trace of the cur was found.

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