Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN March ft, 1922 MOUNTAIN AGRICULTURE ('tnilm-frd by Mr. Hnbrrt V Spenre, Farm Demonstrator and Special InvfiligMor The following is a letter cnltinc npnn imr local I & N. A(rnt to u' h influence to brinp down frciirht rates on limestone for the brretit of !'.ini.i'i in this section: Percvi. Ky.. are hundreds ,f farmers ready to use the material if the rate would justify for me." This sounds good, to .H Kcd breeders. Mrs. Shearer went with tho Innpec tion Committee to Mrs. Chaa. Com' s. Mr. II. M. .Inmes, A cent 1 N. R. R. Co. I!erea, Ky My IVar Mr. James: After having ninrr ThT are a score of farmers who; .ire burning lime this1 year for their f.irms on the account of the hijrh Manh 1. If-- r:ite. Wildie, Roundstone, Conway,, IVn.-i. Whites Station. Fort Fsti'l ' nr.d Rrassfielil are in my territory .iid need hundreds of cars cat h year.! I advmate lime, but the increase for than n score of aciculturnl purposes is cut by the 1 he ewe should lie in (food eondi lion, as furnivhinjr the milk for the lamb will reduce her flesh very rap-1 idly. The ewea in poor flesh should College Hill. Mrs. Combs' flock of I, separated from the flock and fed SWAT TIIK FLY and other similar diseases that in- lie.ls was fine to look upon. After, more crain. A ri.c.,1 pran ration is. enpaciate and kill other thousand of the cullinc the tWk was smaller but. three parts bran, one part oil meal Swat the house fly ! lie is the most America's citizens. lie ouKht to be .... iM..,,. ,r us mretiinK is; and six parts or corn or Parley. Hats common carrier of some of the most swatted to death for this. He looks loi . enied Mr. and Mrs. Combs arc r. ,,y t. used in place of bran, re- common and most deadly diseases, harmless, but be is far more danger. Win to have the b. st Reds they . an ,i, ,., oe half. A well fleshed ewe lie is more iliinircrou to human be- oils than a poisonous serpent. He d t for their flock, j will eat one third of a pound of irrain lip thnn all the lions, bears and ti- goes outdoors and indoor tarrying If nil the WOTlli'tl of rural a.u.ti..n I .1...... K..lr. .,1....... I it i .l I it. . - ou um-v .MiiMin i-i nii.mn ,t to. .i-i rvrw coninineu. lit" nesiroys more me ncauiy gcim wnnse presence is hny. One in poor condition may need lives than all the cobras, tup, puff unknown till a member of the family as imiih as a pound and a half of mMcnt, and rattle snakes in all the b ues ill. HOME DEPARTMENT Conducted by the Home Kconomita Department of flrrra College farmers, to call at my office in the 'nst month inquiring about the freight rate on ground lime-tone from Mt. Vernon to Rerea. J am convinced that it would be a business pr pos tion for the I.. & N. R. R. Company to reduce the rate on our ground limestone for agricultural purposes. I.. .1 X. rate. If the rate is cut. the possibility of establishing crushes in this n.vtion for road building and pu'ver.rers for nerii ulttirnl purposes will be lessen-; ed We reed a better rate. The farmers need it now. As County Airnculturnl Agent. 1 When I tell the farmers that the want to say that by the use of freight rate is ft per ton. they say, ground l:mestone and phosplioru "Well I can't pay that." There have our production is doubled ard tripl been many farmers this winter who ed. The acreage and use of these ma have said to me, "If the freight rate terials would b increasid much more were rut to 50 cents per ton on if ground limestone could be had at ground limestone, I would use a n less cost Phosphate alone does couple of cars this year, but as it is net do the work for our fa-mcrs it I won't use any." tnes lime, and by the use of lime My annual report shows that there other business is made for the L. & were R carloads of pround limestone N". Company. shipped to Rerea in If 14 for apricul- We, as farmers and live stock tural purposes. It also shows that raisers, feel that the I & X. R R. there were 3 cars shipped to Rerea in Company could pive us a reduct;on T.V21 for agricultural purposes. You in freipht rah equal to the reduction see from these figures that last year given by J. W. Sparks Company on fell below 1914. j the mnterinl. which is R0 cents per The year I started as County ton. It now costs us $1.25 f. o. b. Agent. 1914, there were few farmers Mt. ernon. If our freipht rate using lime. It was a hard matter to ' were SO cents, this w convince them that lime was pood total of $1.75 r"r ton at Rerea At for their land. After a few years of, this rate business will move forward experimental work the L. & N. R. R. and in a very short time hundred v. no are raiMtip poultry were as mm h interested as the alu-ve men tioned n any more dollars would be handled as a result. More and Kil ler I'uu'lry Mean More Money. Kai.-e a bure-b'vd (link. Give :he hens a thancc. Take pride in pure breeds F.lt.HT prai". If you know accurately the time at which the ewe is due to lamb ( I l"i i ays or live days less than five months, is the period of (Testation), ir yott can toll from the appearance, as she w 'I be sunken in front ijf tie l.'ps and ever the rump; the prain rati n should he rediiicl or withheld irt:re!v and clean hav ai'd succulent I'. i d substituted for a few days prior n his feet a t lambing ami two or three days babies. The afterwards. Tch much use of pram at this time is one of the ibief c.1"e of milk fever. Weak lambs particularly when born in colli nml damp weather, miiv bivome hilled, and unless promptly ca-ed f r. d e. Wrapping the lamb in h"t f!an"c!s will revive it. The POINTS IN KAISINi. I'Ol'l TRY CrHon I'oultrj man Saja lie Started With No F'lUipmrnt Rut Ambi tion; Income One Year $1. 191.57 "The flock of standard-bred White Wyandottes referred to in this talk is merely a farm fbtk; it is not larpe enouph to be called a commercial tlmk. and its ihicf meets consist in the hiph epp records and hiph net income per hen in the past few years,'' said J. T. Wilson, poultry l!Uh mav .e placed in water as hot away Swat linn at all times. Swat the House Fly. He is Imrn and raised in the manure on the lloors of the horse stables and cow stalls. This manure should bo clean ed out tvery few days, thrown into a heap and covered with lime. Lime should lie scattered over the stable hotild I, put in wildernesses and on the hills of the whole earth. Swat him at every opportunity. Swat the house fly! Thousands of babies die every year in the I'nited States of summer complaint and sim ilar troubles, and the chief apent for scattering these killing diseases among the helpless, innocent little t'oors, ntid straw ones is the common My. He carries for Nil. ling. poison which kills these He is also born nml rained in the I ttlc folk are helpless liith at surface nrivio Tm h.t to defend themselves apainst this thing to do with a surface privy is poison, so fathers and mothers and to d.wiainity it and build a pood nam- older sisters an. I brothers must romo tary toilet in its place. It will cost to the rcsci f tiny infants an.l do- a few dollars, but it is choacr thun stroy their deadly enemy. a eoflin these days. The very best Many a sorrowing mother believes place to swat the fly is in the manure that the I-ord wanted her baby to be or filth tiet where he is hat. hod and with Him in para.lise, and so took it raised to maturity. Swat him before That is not true. The I,ord ho become a fly. man oi i.tjimh. ; c mf ortablo to the hand, then creiit'. that b.ttiy TO I.Uh; to pr.w Sale (he House Fly! Ilogin with "Seven years ago we had a few ,'r od and wrapped up in a sheepskin to manhood anil womar hood and to do the first fly that appears in the scrub chickens and no equipment, but or warm flannels. Another method its share of the world's work; to re- spring and do not let up so long as irte"est in better poultry had been , to place them in a box containing ma n here on earth t make the world one live fly remains. If y,m do not stimulated thru reading a pood poul- ,ran n,-,J surrounding them with hot happier and better untd its years swat him, he may swat you or your try paper and petting a few w. liter water bottles. This is very pood be- were completed. The cause of that baby. " epps. We pradua'ly added to our , auso the ewe w 11 clean the bran off baby's going away was probably a Swat him h vaue he is an one equipme'-t and improved our stock the iamb and leave her own scent, death-carrying fly. j Swat him hi auso he is filthy""' and in 1920 our flock averaged about preatlv increasing the chances that Swat hint on every occasion. Swat him hoi an-., h.. mm- ould make the 9" hfn!'' rnM " Fros" inronle of nl"r' 'he will own the lamb. Swat the House Fl) ! He is respon- Swat him because he scatters ...). mini n uoius.inii uoi.hi-s, oosuies ine ni limit) of a weM-Ieil ewe w ill moio tor spreauinp muen oi mo ty- of iioasc. rcreaso in st n k. In the demon.-tra- h;ive little trouble and should prow tion year, ending November 30, 19J1, rapidly. Some troubles may to ex- Company was shipping to Re'rea any-! of cars of pround limestone will be the '"e $0l'4n904,B7' nml r,.nstiPat,on is in where from 30 to 50 carloads of unloaded where there is nore now. pround limestone from Mt. Vernon. If you can assist us in petting your The highest number of cars for apri-; Company to lower the freight rate. cultural purposes reached 52. This, we, as farmers and stock raisers, will, was at a time when the farmers had appreciate it very much, more money than they have now and ' Yours for a closer and better co when the freight rate was much 1 operation between the L. & N. R. R. lower. When our farmers use lime and phosphate, which are handled by the I & N. R. R. Company, they rai?e our Mil nens laid .4,:iJI eu'ps the flock averape for the two years 'being 170 and 187.1 eggs per hen. Study Poultry Management This is no more than most any Company and the farmers. Robt. F. Spence, County Agricultural Apent iuiiteil nv straitnnp, ard distress is relieved by a teaspootiful of castor il. Wh to scours is caused by indi gestion resulting from mistakes in feeding the ewe, and if she is given phoid that kills 25.INX) people in Aim r.ca annually. Ho ought to be swatted for this offense. He spreads' the perms of much of the dysontoiy! Swat him because he spreads d(th. Renin Now (l Swat the Fly! John F. Smith, State Sutvtnry Inspector farmers could do with chickens, if he dean wholesome food, there is little TURKEY MORTALITY IS AT HIGH POINT IN FIRST WEEK AFTER POULTS ARE HATCHED cared to and praet'eed some of the principles of poultry management as danger of the lamb having the scours. As a cure for the lamb one ounce bigger crops which, in return, feeds j MORE I'OI LTRY. MORE MONEY more animals, and animals and sur-j The time to cull poultry for breed plus production are handled again by , purposes is now on. Epgs for the L. & N. R. R. Company. When hatching should not be used from our farmers do riot use lime and Just nn" ''' " or flock, phosphorus, they raise less crops and I a,t Monday, March fi. Mr. Coom produce less live stock, which means er- Mrs- Gentry. Hugh Tood of that the L. & N. R. R. Company will Speedwell and County Agent Spence pet less business. c Rerea visited Waco and College The L. & K. R. R. Company em-'niI1 w-tinn and cul!ed and inspected ploys an agriculturist to travel along flnfk!' of nin,s fnT breeding purposes. its lines and promote agricultural 1 ne nrst V'0 visited was Mrs. and live stock interests. If the L. & Jas- Oncers at Waco. Mrs. Wagers N. would deliver ground limestone in-' certainly has a very fine flock of R. to the poor, thin sections at a cheap-1 Rpds The culling of course rut er rate to be used for agricultural npr flv,t down to some extent. No purposes, this agriculturist employed feather legs and side sprips left in Droojt,r h, taught by the poultry department of of sulphate of magnesia, one-quarter ounce of cooking soda and pinch of ginger should be given in a small and try to quantity of flaxseed tea or gruel. This should be followed with two the College of Agriculture. "The essentials for a profitable farm flock, as we see practice them, are: "1. Early hatched chicks, using ounces of linseed oil. four hours af incubators and brooders. forward. Castor nil is a good cure "2. A sufficiently large flock to f,,r most stages of indigestion, which pay for labor, not less than 100 hens may be recognized by distress and and pullets; this would necessitate frothing at the mouth, hatching 300 to 500 chicks. -" by the Company would find it easier the n00 after the culling. Mrs. v.MAmnA 4 L. .. V. : ' Wnirura ia va,v murk f ,, I ...I :n I v ykvuwva me vviiijjaiiy a uunuicBS. " - - ' ., in... ,iii-i iii Cooperation is needed along this line'npr "of' n' birds. She uses a self in order to make bigger and better feed and feeds other things in business for the Company and forj stead cf com. She gets from 4 to the farmer. j 5 dozen of egps daily. I have a number of farmers now f The seennd place visited was Miss ready to order ground limestone if j Likens. Miss Likens has some good the freight rate ia made low enough j Reds, but not a large flock. One to justify their buying and having itj pood thing about her poultry work shipped. If the rate doesn't go dowir is that she has some old hens now on this material for agricultural pur- setting. Of course she can't hope to poses, they won't buy. I believe get as many eggs hatched as Mrs. there would be something like 20 to' Wagers, who now has 120 in incu 25 cars used this year if the ratejhator. was made around 50 to 60 cents perl The third place visited was Mrs. ton. I am also sure that if the rate Sherman Shearer, College Hill. Mrs. were 50 to 60 cents per ton that there! Shearer has a good flock of Rjds. would be 75 to 100 cars unloaded ! After culling she didn't have so along the K. C. Division every year ; many. She is very enthusiastic that is, from Livingston to Rich- about poultry. She is running an in mond, to say nothing about the sup-'cubator, which will hatch soon. Mm. ply that would go beyond Richmond Shearer is going in for the best and up the L. & A. branch. There She says, "Nothing short of the best "3. Healthy stock, from a stand ard bred, high-producing strain of a dual-purpose breed. "4. A balanced feed, mash as well i r.s grain. I "5. Cull;ng of a flock to weed out ' poor layers, unthrifty and no-stand- nrd birds. 6. Well planned laying and uses. "7. Clean houses, runs and drink ing vessels. "8. High-class products, well ad vert sed." SHEEP The Care of the Ewe and Lambs i More attention must be given the' flock at lambing time than any other season of the year. This is to the flock what the first two weeks is to the com crop. If the lambs come strong and are not set back because ft poor care, the prospects for profit p0re J4 at, v u For Rent 130-Acre Farm With Improvements For mont-y rtnf. About 15 acrrs for cultivation, balance in grass. Farm is well frnced and water ed and located within 5 miles of Berea, near Potts' Mill. J. B Corneliton Richmond, Ky. Southern Agriculturist NASHVILLE, TENN. The Giant of the South Its immense popularity is due nut only to the fact that every line in it is written for South ern farm families by men and women who know and appreciate Southern conditions, but to the practically unlimited personal service that is given to subscribers without charge. Kvery year we answer thousands of ques tions on hundreds of different subjects all without charge. When you become a sub scriber this invaluable personal service is yours. That is one reason why we have 375,000 Circulation FARM FOR SALE A BIG BARGAIN One Hundred and Fifteen Acres Located on the Pike Five Miles East of Berea Two-room, nine months school adjoining farm. Post office and two stores and church in 1-8 mile of farm Well improved with four room dwelling, gtxxl stock barn, good wire fence, and four acre tobacco barn. Garage, crib, chicken house, harness room, and coal house. Well watered, lasting running water for stock, and good well water for domestic use. Ten acres in clover, fifteen acres in blue grass and orchard grass. 20 acres to plow for corn this year, 25 acres fine tobacco land. 35 acres bottom land, ten acres gently rolling, thirty acres hill land ready for cultivation, and balance in timber. 1000 locust posts and other timber sufficient to furnish fire wood, and all improvement s needed for farm. One and one half acres young orchard, peaches and apples. Tbit (ana will be told at bargain. Would cicbang for Berca property For price and terms see or write DEAN & HERNDON Berea Kentucky If the Mother Hen la Conflntd lh Poults Are Always Able to Hover Undar Htr When They Ars Cold. iPrrpsnid by th C:i1td Ht&lrt Depart ment of AsTlrultiir i Tv-Vtey. where llit're In pli-ply of V:ey. where llit-re In pli'Ply riirKr. Hre a protltiihle Bide line uvn Ihe teiiorul f unit, for the oust nf ml I hi: them Ik xtinill ;i:nl the profit hirtfe Tht iiuinher nilxeil In tht I'nited hltutea In crHiliiiilly (lecreiiilriK. how ever. Thin U tint to a nuinlier of cnil-en, a HtTioii tint hellix tht hlllli nmrtiillty Hnim tht younj; mhiII. Cnrt'fiil limimcnnent will jtreiitly re (luce thin Ins. iici'imlltiK to the I'nlteil SiiiteM il-iiirtment nf iiKrleultiirt uil try Kie'iiillstH. Firrt Wek Dangerous. Tilt H Venice niltnlxT of MiilltK mlKcil under ordlnnry roiidllluim Is ' Hhout Tit) per rent of thorn llllti hed j out, or Hlxnit 7 utult fur every turkey hen. Uy fur the ""renter l'rf tif thf j I.ish iiirun when tht xtitl Hre under i n week old. Seldom art any lost aft er thev art h month old mile: x the Plenty of eereie l puNi'iitlnl If tht oiiIm tire to thrive. At all timet, when r ii In or ilniiiirieK doex nut ire veiit. the m.iiIi ohuiilil he Hlloweil to run In mid out of the coop tit will. Tun iiim-li xt resit iiiiiiiot he irlven to the tieei Hsity of fuerelw, Hiid the only w:iy to provldi- for thin l to nlluw Ihe poult hi every mkmIIIi opportunity to r:nife fur feed outside the coop. I'ur.i.i: h loii)( continued rulny xeMMon It Is hi'tter to nlluw tlieni to run tint of th" coop whenever It Is hot ctu iilly rnlnliiK. even though the I.THMH la Hoiiievvhat iltimp. Ily confining tint mother lien In the coop she will ulwny hi remly to cover the poult when ever they run to her, which they will to If they lieeoiiie clilllisl. The ureiit est cure should he taken tn keep the Interior of the coop dry, ami for till rciison It In iidvlsiihle to choose a .unity slope where the water run off , '. , . n ii k I itulekly nml where there U alttu pro In Mil uuthreiik of illncHse. The lil'h 1 ' ' , ' , r mortullly mi young poult I main- ,r"" , ly ctiiiM'd l.y expoHiire to ihimpueMN mid cold. Improper fiellni. Won con- fiiieineiit. lice, preilutorv riiImiiiIn, or j Wl Spout Clay. ( Inherent, weuknesH. The lust liiuned j There w us reported ome time, aco I ciiiiKe In the reaiilt of ciirclessiiesn a ktriiiiue sTt'oi imihce on the purl of III Nolcetlon of piircnt HtiNk. I t-"uerniiiehl iirtesliin well Ht Lower An nooii hn the hutch In completed Hrule iit'i ney, In South Imkotu. W hen nnd the poults tnKln to run anfind ! Urst ililven. the well threw up a outsldi' the nest the lien ami hr-iod cohimn of w liter Iih Iicn In illumeter. . ure remly fo lie rfinoved to the rutin I After H uliUc II lietiin to shiiiI al provldeil for them. The nip should j teriiiitel.v. sand und water. Ite.ently he Imllt to keep tiut mln: It Mliimltl j Idue cluy lum tukeii the place of l.olli ; lie well veiillhited, cupiihle. of eN.v nuiiiI mid wilier. There hiviiin to lie i iiiovcmeiit, nml he Niillleleiitly roomy j ay cihIIcnn Mipply of the clay, and the i for h turkey In n to statu! erect and j pressure upon It In the huweN of the 1 walk Hhout There nliould lie a ep- earth must he IreniendoiiN. It rom- arule coop for em h hen ami lirood. plelcly tills the l Inch pipe, mid Isxuei ami the ciNipN sluuild he ncnttere.1 1 at the lop like a kIkuiiIIi" aauuMKe, ahout the fiirm In Niieh place na are! rlalnij to a heluhl of five or His feet euslly drained ami where natural fiel. aucti a tender. Kreen veKetatlon (itruKM, clover, ulfulfa, and other green feed), and Insect, particularly grua hopperN, can he found. Ily moving the coop every day the ground will tit kept clean nnd opuirtunlty will be hefore It topple over. It I nei-enitary lo remove the deposit of clay In order to Kave the well from hecoming hurled under It. The Way di"i not flow con tinuously, hut, It I hhIiI usually rom inencea a little hefore the advent of windy and aloriny weather. Indicating given tht mother hen and poulta to! change In the preanura dua to tbo pick up fresh, green feed limlde thai ' ' aimopuere. coop. '