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The citizen. [volume] (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, March 09, 1922, Image 6

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fam Six
THE CITIZEN
March ft, 1922
MOUNTAIN AGRICULTURE
('tnilm-frd by Mr. Hnbrrt V
Spenre, Farm Demonstrator and Special
InvfiligMor
The following is a letter cnltinc
npnn imr local I & N. A(rnt to u'
h influence to brinp down frciirht
rates on limestone for the brretit of
!'.ini.i'i in this section:
Percvi. Ky..
are hundreds ,f farmers ready to use
the material if the rate would justify
for me." This sounds good, to .H
Kcd breeders.
Mrs. Shearer went with tho Innpec
tion Committee to Mrs. Chaa. Com' s.
Mr. II. M. .Inmes,
A cent 1 N. R. R. Co.
I!erea, Ky
My IVar Mr. James:
After having ninrr
ThT are a score of farmers who;
.ire burning lime this1 year for their
f.irms on the account of the hijrh
Manh 1. If-- r:ite. Wildie, Roundstone, Conway,,
IVn.-i. Whites Station. Fort Fsti'l '
nr.d Rrassfielil are in my territory
.iid need hundreds of cars cat h year.!
I advmate lime, but the increase for
than n score of aciculturnl purposes is cut by the
1 he ewe should lie in (food eondi
lion, as furnivhinjr the milk for the
lamb will reduce her flesh very rap-1
idly. The ewea in poor flesh should
College Hill. Mrs. Combs' flock of I, separated from the flock and fed SWAT TIIK FLY and other similar diseases that in-
lie.ls was fine to look upon. After, more crain. A ri.c.,1 pran ration is. enpaciate and kill other thousand of
the cullinc the tWk was smaller but. three parts bran, one part oil meal Swat the house fly ! lie is the most America's citizens. lie ouKht to be
.... iM..,,. ,r us mretiinK is; and six parts or corn or Parley. Hats common carrier of some of the most swatted to death for this. He looks
loi . enied Mr. and Mrs. Combs arc r. ,,y t. used in place of bran, re- common and most deadly diseases, harmless, but be is far more danger.
Win to have the b. st Reds they . an ,i, ,., oe half. A well fleshed ewe lie is more iliinircrou to human be- oils than a poisonous serpent. He
d t for their flock, j will eat one third of a pound of irrain lip thnn all the lions, bears and ti- goes outdoors and indoor tarrying
If nil the WOTlli'tl of rural a.u.ti..n I .1...... K..lr. .,1....... I it i .l I it. .
- ou um-v .MiiMin i-i nii.mn ,t to. .i-i rvrw coninineu. lit" nesiroys more me ncauiy gcim wnnse presence is
hny. One in poor condition may need lives than all the cobras, tup, puff unknown till a member of the family
as imiih as a pound and a half of mMcnt, and rattle snakes in all the b ues ill.
HOME DEPARTMENT
Conducted by the Home Kconomita Department of flrrra College
farmers, to call at my office in the
'nst month inquiring about the
freight rate on ground lime-tone from
Mt. Vernon to Rerea. J am convinced
that it would be a business pr pos
tion for the I.. & N. R. R. Company
to reduce the rate on our ground
limestone for agricultural purposes.
I.. .1 X. rate.
If the rate is cut. the possibility of
establishing crushes in this n.vtion
for road building and pu'ver.rers for
nerii ulttirnl purposes will be lessen-;
ed We reed a better rate. The
farmers need it now.
As County Airnculturnl Agent. 1
When I tell the farmers that the want to say that by the use of
freight rate is ft per ton. they say, ground l:mestone and phosplioru
"Well I can't pay that." There have our production is doubled ard tripl
been many farmers this winter who ed. The acreage and use of these ma
have said to me, "If the freight rate terials would b increasid much more
were rut to 50 cents per ton on if ground limestone could be had at
ground limestone, I would use a n less cost Phosphate alone does
couple of cars this year, but as it is net do the work for our fa-mcrs it
I won't use any." tnes lime, and by the use of lime
My annual report shows that there other business is made for the L. &
were R carloads of pround limestone N". Company.
shipped to Rerea in If 14 for apricul- We, as farmers and live stock
tural purposes. It also shows that raisers, feel that the I & X. R R.
there were 3 cars shipped to Rerea in Company could pive us a reduct;on
T.V21 for agricultural purposes. You in freipht rah equal to the reduction
see from these figures that last year given by J. W. Sparks Company on
fell below 1914. j the mnterinl. which is R0 cents per
The year I started as County ton. It now costs us $1.25 f. o. b.
Agent. 1914, there were few farmers Mt. ernon. If our freipht rate
using lime. It was a hard matter to ' were SO cents, this w
convince them that lime was pood total of $1.75 r"r ton at Rerea At
for their land. After a few years of, this rate business will move forward
experimental work the L. & N. R. R. and in a very short time hundred
v. no are raiMtip poultry were as
mm h interested as the alu-ve men
tioned n any more dollars would be
handled as a result. More and Kil
ler I'uu'lry Mean More Money.
Kai.-e a bure-b'vd (link. Give :he
hens a thancc. Take pride in pure
breeds
F.lt.HT
prai".
If you know accurately the time at
which the ewe is due to lamb ( I l"i
i ays or live days less than five
months, is the period of (Testation),
ir yott can toll from the appearance,
as she w 'I be sunken in front ijf tie
l.'ps and ever the rump; the prain
rati n should he rediiicl or withheld
irt:re!v and clean hav ai'd succulent
I'. i d substituted for a few days prior n his feet a
t lambing ami two or three days babies. The
afterwards. Tch much use of pram
at this time is one of the ibief
c.1"e of milk fever.
Weak lambs particularly when
born in colli nml damp weather, miiv
bivome hilled, and unless promptly
ca-ed f r. d e. Wrapping the lamb
in h"t f!an"c!s will revive it. The
POINTS IN KAISINi.
I'Ol'l TRY
CrHon I'oultrj man Saja lie Started
With No F'lUipmrnt Rut Ambi
tion; Income One Year
$1. 191.57
"The flock of standard-bred White
Wyandottes referred to in this talk
is merely a farm fbtk; it is not larpe
enouph to be called a commercial
tlmk. and its ihicf meets consist in
the hiph epp records and hiph net
income per hen in the past few
years,'' said J. T. Wilson, poultry l!Uh mav .e placed in water as hot away
Swat linn at all times.
Swat the House Fly. He is Imrn
and raised in the manure on the
lloors of the horse stables and cow
stalls. This manure should bo clean
ed out tvery few days, thrown into
a heap and covered with lime. Lime
should lie scattered over the stable
hotild I, put in
wildernesses and on the hills of the
whole earth.
Swat him at every opportunity.
Swat the house fly! Thousands of
babies die every year in the I'nited
States of summer complaint and sim
ilar troubles, and the chief apent for
scattering these killing diseases
among the helpless, innocent little t'oors, ntid straw
ones is the common My. He carries for Nil. ling.
poison which kills these He is also born nml rained in the
I ttlc folk are helpless liith at surface nrivio Tm h.t
to defend themselves apainst this thing to do with a surface privy is
poison, so fathers and mothers and to d.wiainity it and build a pood nam-
older sisters an. I brothers must romo tary toilet in its place. It will cost
to the rcsci f tiny infants an.l do- a few dollars, but it is choacr thun
stroy their deadly enemy. a eoflin these days. The very best
Many a sorrowing mother believes place to swat the fly is in the manure
that the I-ord wanted her baby to be or filth tiet where he is hat. hod and
with Him in para.lise, and so took it raised to maturity. Swat him before
That is not true. The I,ord ho become a fly.
man oi i.tjimh. ; c mf ortablo to the hand, then creiit'. that b.ttiy TO I.Uh; to pr.w Sale (he House Fly! Ilogin with
"Seven years ago we had a few ,'r od and wrapped up in a sheepskin to manhood anil womar hood and to do the first fly that appears in the
scrub chickens and no equipment, but or warm flannels. Another method its share of the world's work; to re- spring and do not let up so long as
irte"est in better poultry had been , to place them in a box containing ma n here on earth t make the world one live fly remains. If y,m do not
stimulated thru reading a pood poul- ,ran n,-,J surrounding them with hot happier and better untd its years swat him, he may swat you or your
try paper and petting a few w. liter water bottles. This is very pood be- were completed. The cause of that baby. "
epps. We pradua'ly added to our , auso the ewe w 11 clean the bran off baby's going away was probably a Swat him h vaue he is an one
equipme'-t and improved our stock the iamb and leave her own scent, death-carrying fly. j Swat him hi auso he is filthy""'
and in 1920 our flock averaged about preatlv increasing the chances that Swat hint on every occasion. Swat him hoi an-., h.. mm-
ould make the 9" hfn!'' rnM " Fros" inronle of nl"r' 'he will own the lamb. Swat the House Fl) ! He is respon- Swat him because he scatters ...).
mini n uoius.inii uoi.hi-s, oosuies ine ni limit) of a weM-Ieil ewe w ill moio tor spreauinp muen oi mo ty- of iioasc.
rcreaso in st n k. In the demon.-tra- h;ive little trouble and should prow
tion year, ending November 30, 19J1, rapidly. Some troubles may to ex-
Company was shipping to Re'rea any-! of cars of pround limestone will be the '"e $0l'4n904,B7' nml r,.nstiPat,on is in
where from 30 to 50 carloads of unloaded where there is nore now.
pround limestone from Mt. Vernon. If you can assist us in petting your
The highest number of cars for apri-; Company to lower the freight rate.
cultural purposes reached 52. This, we, as farmers and stock raisers, will,
was at a time when the farmers had appreciate it very much,
more money than they have now and ' Yours for a closer and better co
when the freight rate was much 1 operation between the L. & N. R. R.
lower.
When our farmers use lime and
phosphate, which are handled by the
I & N. R. R. Company, they rai?e
our Mil nens laid .4,:iJI eu'ps
the flock averape for the two years
'being 170 and 187.1 eggs per hen.
Study Poultry Management
This is no more than most any
Company and the farmers.
Robt. F. Spence,
County Agricultural Apent
iuiiteil nv straitnnp, ard distress is
relieved by a teaspootiful of castor
il. Wh to scours is caused by indi
gestion resulting from mistakes in
feeding the ewe, and if she is given
phoid that kills 25.INX) people in
Aim r.ca annually. Ho ought to be
swatted for this offense. He spreads'
the perms of much of the dysontoiy!
Swat him because he spreads d(th.
Renin Now (l Swat the Fly!
John F. Smith,
State Sutvtnry Inspector
farmers could do with chickens, if he dean wholesome food, there is little
TURKEY MORTALITY IS AT HIGH POINT IN
FIRST WEEK AFTER POULTS ARE HATCHED
cared to and praet'eed some of the
principles of poultry management as
danger of the lamb having the scours.
As a cure for the lamb one ounce
bigger crops which, in return, feeds j MORE I'OI LTRY. MORE MONEY
more animals, and animals and sur-j The time to cull poultry for breed
plus production are handled again by , purposes is now on. Epgs for
the L. & N. R. R. Company. When hatching should not be used from
our farmers do riot use lime and Just nn" ''' " or flock,
phosphorus, they raise less crops and I a,t Monday, March fi. Mr. Coom
produce less live stock, which means er- Mrs- Gentry. Hugh Tood of
that the L. & N. R. R. Company will Speedwell and County Agent Spence
pet less business. c Rerea visited Waco and College
The L. & K. R. R. Company em-'niI1 w-tinn and cul!ed and inspected
ploys an agriculturist to travel along flnfk!' of nin,s fnT breeding purposes.
its lines and promote agricultural 1 ne nrst V'0 visited was Mrs.
and live stock interests. If the L. & Jas- Oncers at Waco. Mrs. Wagers
N. would deliver ground limestone in-' certainly has a very fine flock of R.
to the poor, thin sections at a cheap-1 Rpds The culling of course rut
er rate to be used for agricultural npr flv,t down to some extent. No
purposes, this agriculturist employed feather legs and side sprips left in Droojt,r h,
taught by the poultry department of of sulphate of magnesia, one-quarter
ounce of cooking soda and pinch of
ginger should be given in a small
and try to quantity of flaxseed tea or gruel.
This should be followed with two
the College of Agriculture.
"The essentials for a profitable
farm flock, as we see
practice them, are:
"1. Early hatched chicks, using ounces of linseed oil. four hours af
incubators and brooders. forward. Castor nil is a good cure
"2. A sufficiently large flock to f,,r most stages of indigestion, which
pay for labor, not less than 100 hens may be recognized by distress and
and pullets; this would necessitate frothing at the mouth,
hatching 300 to 500 chicks. -"
by the Company would find it easier the n00 after the culling. Mrs.
v.MAmnA 4 L. .. V. : ' Wnirura ia va,v murk f ,, I ...I :n I
v ykvuwva me vviiijjaiiy a uunuicBS. " - - ' ., in... ,iii-i iii
Cooperation is needed along this line'npr "of' n' birds. She uses a self
in order to make bigger and better feed and feeds other things in
business for the Company and forj stead cf com. She gets from 4 to
the farmer. j 5 dozen of egps daily.
I have a number of farmers now f The seennd place visited was Miss
ready to order ground limestone if j Likens. Miss Likens has some good
the freight rate ia made low enough j Reds, but not a large flock. One
to justify their buying and having itj pood thing about her poultry work
shipped. If the rate doesn't go dowir is that she has some old hens now
on this material for agricultural pur- setting. Of course she can't hope to
poses, they won't buy. I believe get as many eggs hatched as Mrs.
there would be something like 20 to' Wagers, who now has 120 in incu
25 cars used this year if the ratejhator.
was made around 50 to 60 cents perl The third place visited was Mrs.
ton. I am also sure that if the rate Sherman Shearer, College Hill. Mrs.
were 50 to 60 cents per ton that there! Shearer has a good flock of Rjds.
would be 75 to 100 cars unloaded ! After culling she didn't have so
along the K. C. Division every year ; many. She is very enthusiastic
that is, from Livingston to Rich- about poultry. She is running an in
mond, to say nothing about the sup-'cubator, which will hatch soon. Mm.
ply that would go beyond Richmond Shearer is going in for the best
and up the L. & A. branch. There She says, "Nothing short of the best
"3. Healthy stock, from a stand
ard bred, high-producing strain of
a dual-purpose breed.
"4. A balanced feed, mash as well
i r.s grain.
I "5. Cull;ng of a flock to weed out
' poor layers, unthrifty and no-stand-
nrd birds.
6. Well planned laying and
uses.
"7. Clean houses, runs and drink
ing vessels.
"8. High-class products, well ad
vert sed."
SHEEP
The Care of the Ewe and Lambs
i
More attention must be given the'
flock at lambing time than any other
season of the year. This is to the
flock what the first two weeks is to
the com crop. If the lambs come
strong and are not set back because
ft poor care, the prospects for profit p0re J4
at, v u
For Rent
130-Acre Farm
With Improvements
For mont-y rtnf. About
15 acrrs for cultivation,
balance in grass. Farm
is well frnced and water
ed and located within 5
miles of Berea, near
Potts' Mill.
J. B Corneliton
Richmond, Ky.
Southern Agriculturist
NASHVILLE, TENN.
The Giant of the South
Its immense popularity is due nut only to
the fact that every line in it is written for South
ern farm families by men and women who
know and appreciate Southern conditions, but
to the practically unlimited personal service
that is given to subscribers without charge.
Kvery year we answer thousands of ques
tions on hundreds of different subjects all
without charge. When you become a sub
scriber this invaluable personal service is
yours. That is one reason why we have
375,000 Circulation
FARM FOR SALE
A BIG BARGAIN
One Hundred and Fifteen Acres Located on
the Pike Five Miles East of Berea
Two-room, nine months school adjoining farm. Post
office and two stores and church in 1-8 mile of farm
Well improved with four room dwelling, gtxxl
stock barn, good wire fence, and four acre tobacco
barn.
Garage, crib, chicken house, harness room, and
coal house.
Well watered, lasting running water for stock,
and good well water for domestic use.
Ten acres in clover, fifteen acres in blue grass
and orchard grass. 20 acres to plow for corn this
year, 25 acres fine tobacco land. 35 acres bottom land,
ten acres gently rolling, thirty acres hill land ready
for cultivation, and balance in timber. 1000 locust
posts and other timber sufficient to furnish fire wood,
and all improvement s needed for farm. One and one
half acres young orchard, peaches and apples.
Tbit (ana will be told at bargain. Would cicbang for Berca property
For price and terms see or write
DEAN & HERNDON
Berea
Kentucky
If the Mother Hen la Conflntd lh Poults Are Always Able to Hover Undar
Htr When They Ars Cold.
iPrrpsnid by th C:i1td Ht&lrt Depart
ment of AsTlrultiir i
Tv-Vtey. where llit're In pli-ply of
V:ey. where llit-re In pli'Ply
riirKr. Hre a protltiihle Bide line uvn
Ihe teiiorul f unit, for the oust nf ml
I hi: them Ik xtinill ;i:nl the profit hirtfe
Tht iiuinher nilxeil In tht I'nited
hltutea In crHiliiiilly (lecreiiilriK. how
ever. Thin U tint to a nuinlier of
cnil-en, a HtTioii tint hellix tht hlllli
nmrtiillty Hnim tht younj; mhiII.
Cnrt'fiil limimcnnent will jtreiitly re
(luce thin Ins. iici'imlltiK to the I'nlteil
SiiiteM il-iiirtment nf iiKrleultiirt uil
try Kie'iiillstH.
Firrt Wek Dangerous.
Tilt H Venice niltnlxT of MiilltK
mlKcil under ordlnnry roiidllluim Is '
Hhout Tit) per rent of thorn llllti hed j
out, or Hlxnit 7 utult fur every turkey
hen. Uy fur the ""renter l'rf tif thf j
I.ish iiirun when tht xtitl Hre under i
n week old. Seldom art any lost aft
er thev art h month old mile: x the
Plenty of eereie l puNi'iitlnl If tht
oiiIm tire to thrive. At all timet,
when r ii In or ilniiiirieK doex nut ire
veiit. the m.iiIi ohuiilil he Hlloweil to
run In mid out of the coop tit will.
Tun iiim-li xt resit iiiiiiiot he irlven to
the tieei Hsity of fuerelw, Hiid the only
w:iy to provldi- for thin l to nlluw Ihe
poult hi every mkmIIIi opportunity
to r:nife fur feed outside the coop.
I'ur.i.i: h loii)( continued rulny xeMMon
It Is hi'tter to nlluw tlieni to run tint
of th" coop whenever It Is hot ctu
iilly rnlnliiK. even though the I.THMH la
Hoiiievvhat iltimp. Ily confining tint
mother lien In the coop she will ulwny
hi remly to cover the poult when
ever they run to her, which they will
to If they lieeoiiie clilllisl. The ureiit
est cure should he taken tn keep the
Interior of the coop dry, ami for till
rciison It In iidvlsiihle to choose a
.unity slope where the water run off
, '. , . n ii k I itulekly nml where there U alttu pro
In Mil uuthreiik of illncHse. The lil'h 1 ' ' , ' , r
mortullly mi young poult I main- ,r""
, ly ctiiiM'd l.y expoHiire to ihimpueMN
mid cold. Improper fiellni. Won con-
fiiieineiit. lice, preilutorv riiImiiiIn, or j Wl Spout Clay.
( Inherent, weuknesH. The lust liiuned j There w us reported ome time, aco
I ciiiiKe In the reaiilt of ciirclessiiesn a ktriiiiue sTt'oi imihce on the purl of
III Nolcetlon of piircnt HtiNk. I t-"uerniiiehl iirtesliin well Ht Lower
An nooii hn the hutch In completed Hrule iit'i ney, In South Imkotu. W hen
nnd the poults tnKln to run anfind ! Urst ililven. the well threw up a
outsldi' the nest the lien ami hr-iod cohimn of w liter Iih Iicn In illumeter.
. ure remly fo lie rfinoved to the rutin I After H uliUc II lietiin to shiiiI al
provldeil for them. The nip should j teriiiitel.v. sand und water. Ite.ently
he Imllt to keep tiut mln: It Mliimltl j Idue cluy lum tukeii the place of l.olli
; lie well veiillhited, cupiihle. of eN.v nuiiiI mid wilier. There hiviiin to lie
i iiiovcmeiit, nml he Niillleleiitly roomy j ay cihIIcnn Mipply of the clay, and the
i for h turkey In n to statu! erect and j pressure upon It In the huweN of the
1 walk Hhout There nliould lie a ep- earth must he IreniendoiiN. It rom-
arule coop for em h hen ami lirood. plelcly tills the l Inch pipe, mid Isxuei
ami the ciNipN sluuild he ncnttere.1 1 at the lop like a kIkuiiIIi" aauuMKe,
ahout the fiirm In Niieh place na are! rlalnij to a heluhl of five or His feet
euslly drained ami where natural fiel.
aucti a tender. Kreen veKetatlon
(itruKM, clover, ulfulfa, and other green
feed), and Insect, particularly grua
hopperN, can he found. Ily moving the
coop every day the ground will tit
kept clean nnd opuirtunlty will be
hefore It topple over. It I nei-enitary
lo remove the deposit of clay In order
to Kave the well from hecoming hurled
under It. The Way di"i not flow con
tinuously, hut, It I hhIiI usually rom
inencea a little hefore the advent of
windy and aloriny weather. Indicating
given tht mother hen and poulta to! change In the preanura dua to tbo
pick up fresh, green feed limlde thai ' ' aimopuere.
coop. '

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