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The citizen. [volume] (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, March 30, 1922, Image 6

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THE CITIZEN
Marrh 30, 1022
far Six
MOUNTAIN AGRICULTURE
Conducted by Mr. Robert F. Spenc, Farm rmnMrator and Special
Inrentif alor
( Ol NTY Af.F.NTS NOTF.S
Itobrrt F. Spenr
County hal an income of $100,000
la.it year from poultry.
Cove community is profrreMinff
rapidly alornr the line promoted byj
the Community and Junior A(rriiul-
ture Club. Ma,1 Mi-New in repairing
his poultry hoiie and planning t
make it biptrer this ominu fall. I
Thanks to the telephone system in!
Cove Valley. The County Apent ar-j
rived at 3:0t p. m. and visited Flem,
rarrett. Junior Club Loader, with W.
C. Johnwn, Hnd after discussing club.
work and layinjr some plans for 19--.
Mr. Johnson suppefted having a
meeting in order to discuss poultry
and club work and have a sociable!
time. The telephone started to rinui
at 5:30 and at 7:30 a pood crowd of i
Cove people gathered at the school.,
house to discuss community prob-j
lent. The telpehone brinps the lip.
and brains of our ticiphbora and
friends to the ear for pood. The
farmer will live easier and be hap
pier if he has a phone. A rinp calls
a personal interview "Hello!" "Good
morninp!" "How are you?" etc.
The siek will be better cared for the
well will enjoy living and prow more
anxious to help others to live.
Wednesday morninp the County
Agent called and inspected Glenna
and Jessie Johnson's flock of R. I.
Reds. These club pirls have a first
class flock of Reds. The flock is
headed by a rooster that won the
"Blue" at State Fair. He is worth
$15.00 to $25.00 to the flock. These j
pirls are making money as well as .
being educated along the line of
raising poultry. Mr. Johnson once'
"My flock," but he quickly changes
it to the "Girls birds."
Mr. Johnson visited Flem Parrott
and J. W. Riddle with the County
Agent and helped to cull their birds
and also visited four club members.
Mr. Riddle is pruning his orchard and
putting it in fine shape. We are
hoping that he will spray it this year.
Pruning, spraying, cultivating and
fertilization will bring fruit to Rock
castle county.
A visit to the Livingston Bank and
a conversation with C. C. Brown,
cashier, resulted in Mr. Brown's de
cision to furnish pure-bred R. I. Red
eggs to the people who wanted them.
The people who want eggs for hatch
ing should call and see Mr. Brown
and have him order the eggs at once.
A visit with A. M. Hiatt, Cashier
Citizen's Bank, Brodhead, marked a
progressive step for the bank and
the county. Mr. Hiatt, last year put
out hundreds of eggs for hatching;
this year he is not buying eggs from
outside the county to distribute, but
is getting eggs from county flocks
that were started last year and dis
tributing to others. Eggs can be
had at the Citizen's Bank at any,
time. Call and put in your order.
The County Agent had the pleasure j
of meeting with the Educational
Board of Rockcastle county, thh,
week, and discussing a plan for our
County Agricultural and School Fair,
for 1922. The plan calls for the ac
tive cooperation of all educational
forces in the county. The plan was
approved by the board; this plan will i
be known later when it has been1
worked out in detail.
Now'g the time to prune and spray.
Don't put this off for the fruit's sake.
The garden needs an application of
manure. If there's not enough of
manure to give the garden good
dressing, use ccid phosphate ferti
lizer at the rate of 500 to 1000 pounds
per acre broadcast.
Set the old hen early. Rockcastle
LONE STAR WORKERS
HUE SPI.F.NIHH MEETING
On Monday afternoon. March 27,
The Ione Star Workers Club, of
Middletown, held their regular meet
ing. A fine program was rendered
hv the members, with nearly all pres
ent. At the ilose of the program
Mr. Campbell, Club lirader, gave an
inspiring little talk to the members
nnd visitors.
In the busine meeting a first and
second Judging Team for Livestock
was selected and also a Girls Demon
stration Team was appointed. Ar
rangements were made for a club
baseball team and are ready to sche
dule games with any other club. We
are planning fir this year to be the
biggest in the history of the club.
Theedore Strunk. Pres.
jr.-
DOCK AND CASTRATE YOl'R
I.AM IIS
By Richard C. Miller
Mr. Miller, the writer of the follow-1
ing article, is well known by the
County Agent. The County Agent is
anxious for the t.irmir to try vit
some of the suggestions. Read it
and think it over.
The reasons for docking and cas
trating lambs are rather well known;
yet it is very evident that many
farmers fail to practice what their
better judgment tells them is the
right thing to do. This failure
on the part of the farmers
uniformly to dock and castrate,
t-ieir lambs means an annual loss'
to the State rf hundreds of thous-
sands of dollars. Pocked and cas-!
trnted lambs usually bring more per
pound than the untrimmed lambs, j
The weather lambs go to market'
fatter and heaver than the bucks.!
The buck lambs furnish the big per-j
rentage of seconds and culls. The t
great difference in prices prevailing j
during the past few years at the(
stackyards between top lambs and i
seconds should be enough to convince
the most skeptical that docking and
castrating lambs means dollars in the
farmer's pocket. On several occa- j
sions at the stockyards last year most,
of the seconds and cull were bucks.
In many cases during the Lite
summer anil fall as high as ninety
per cent of the seconds on the yards
wi re buck Iambs. Aside from this the
ram lambs annoy the flock, keep them
restless and prevent other lambs from
developing as they should. Docking
is likewise important. It gives the
flock a more uniform annearanr?
which attracts the attention of the!
buyer. The docked lambs are cleaner
and not so subject to maggots in
moist hot weather. Then, too, long
tails interfere with breeding the ewes
No farmer wants a bunch of long
tailed nondescript ewes to advi-r'isf
his tastes as a -tockmar UnLVrrr.
flocks of dockpd ewea with bob.tailed
lambs at their aides are a far more!
beautiful sight.
Confidence That We Are Tast Worst Thascs of
the Agricultural Crisis
By PRESIDENT HARDING, Letter to Minnesota Farmers.
I am tflad to mv tli.it my utin.wt antn-ipatioiis ir
ful results from the r"cciit initioiiiil agricultural mii-
nce in Washington were more than realized. 1 be
liee it has set a new mark in the aspiration not onlv
i of the agricultural cnrmiMity, but, indeed, of the en
tire country in behalf of a U tter mi !' rst.itidm of our
Agricultural problem and of m ire elTcrtue incisurc
for dealing with it.
j i in- lino spirit r o-'i'erati n irni'tn; i:ie ianner
f (J- 'Ajvji '"I tlie i!i;oitio!i on tl.eir part t mut- their etT.rt.
fit JL-$Jb inrery tni.il'e av w it'i Hi f the ;.'" eminent, an
urs j'urtii aim i n il for our hope l(f u,i ..ni,!ilin cut. The coiiferoniv
. . . jrave serious and th'roii!i o'n-:.i. ration to the problem- !
fire it. ninl preset, tod practicable proposal... for ibunj practical and worth
while things. It avoided all ejtrenn-iu an I a I pN ) t' e wis,, eour-e of
making no cvrive ileiuan Is for speeial fnor or la-- treatment. I am
v ry sure tint the wisdom of this course will be demonstrated here
after. . . .
In the general industrial and hunno., situation there is fn'i. h to jus
tify rontideiiee that we are well past the wor-t jiha.-'s of the arietiltural
crisis, that itiipnncnictit is well bejun, and that it will continue spaddv
frvm this time forward. This is not only a .-ounr of Mitif.i'-ticti t i every
friend of the fanner, but also to whoever is interested in any phase of
American business, for we have all come to reeoin the interdejx'ndenee
of all departments of the national industrial establishment.
No one of them can proscr pcrtu.iii'-tith if any other great branch
of national activity is depressed. Therefore, in expressing my conviction,
babied on a wide array of information, that ti e worst is pi-t as concerns
agriculture, I arn rt-oorcliti;j my firm belief that an era of belter business
and more prosperous tunes, for the entire i-ottniuTi-iul establishment of tin
country, lie jiM ahead of us. 1 feel, therefore, that arc etit tie.! to
look with much satisfaction ull what we have a. coiiipli-iir.l in the l.t
year, and with all oiilidenc to tlie future
HOME DEPARTMENT
Conducted by the Home Economics Department of Berea College
THE I1AHY CHICK
lly E. II. Elam. AmnriaU Profeaaor
of Animal Husbandry, IWrea
Vocational School
The poultry yards will soon be
alive with baby chicks; by far too
many of them usually die from lack
milk. Ruttermilk and sour skimn ed
milk are both very good for them
Sweet skimmed milk Is dangerous.
Charcoal and grits are to be kept be
fore them all the time.
Care and Management
If the little chicks are with the
of proper food and rare. There is hen, they need lesa rare than they
no one belt way to car for them,1 need in the artificial brooder. The
yet a few general principles, if re- hen supplies the needed warmth t
numbered and followed, should help the rhiek and helps them find the
greatly in reducing their death rate. i natural food, yet this doe not in-
Feed
sure that the chicks will always m
tens more rapidly and more uniform-1
ly, the meat is of a ti.pt lior fla.or,
this animal reaches a higher degree J
of flesh, and the fat intermingles more 1
intimately with the lean."
W. S. Dell, President of the Iturbon
CINCINNATI MARKETS
Live Stock Exchange, Says:
"For some reason our farmers
neglect docking and castrating.
Iloth operations are simple and easy
and will be very remunerative in;
price and gain in weight. Ewes and .
wether lambs are attractive to the!
buyers; they outsell the general mar
ket from 50c to $1J2'i per hundred j
and many days will hold steady when
the general market is lower. Cas-
trating is especially essential when
the lambs are to be run for some
time, then the male lambs will be
heavy and bucky anil will be thrown
nut of the tops regardless of qual
ity. Castration results in two very
distinct improvements from a pack
er's standpoint. In the first place,
the flavor of the meat is much super
r since the secretions of the sex
glands, which are normally found in
circulation, are no longer present.
In the second place the unsexed ani
mal fattens more readily and reaches
a higher degree of fleh, and the fat
intermingles more intimately with
the lean."
What Armour and Company Sav:
" Really, the so-called 'whims' of
the markets are not whims at all
but a direct expression from the pub
lic as to what the public wants and
will pay the best price for when it
goes shopping. It may seem a bit
irrelevant to the puchaser of a lamb
chop whether that Iamb wa docked
or castrated previous to slaughter,
but the fact that it does make a dif
ference is expressed in the price the
market will pay for tha properly trim
med lamb. The castrated lamb fat
From a Bride:
"As a young housewife of only
two and one-half years' ex
perience I am glad to find that
even we amateurs can cook
successfully if we use Royal
Baking Powder."
Mrs. J. L. M.
BAKING POWDER
Absolutely Pure
Contains No Alum Leaves No Bitter Taste
Send for New Royal Cook Boo It's FREE
Royal Baking Powder Co., 130 William St, New York
(eorge Wilbur Says:
"I have produced more hothouse
lambs than any other breeder in
America and I never fail to castrate
my lambs even tho they usually go
to marki-t when about ten weeks
oM."
If you want Kentucky to maintain
her lead in the spring lamb market,
dock and castrate your lambs now.
If you have nevrr done this wor-c get
your neighbor to help you. If he
does not know, get in touch with yir
cunty agent who will arrange for a
demonstration. In case you have no
county agent write the Extension I'i
vision of the College of Agriculture
for information.
Hay and Grain
Cm No. 2 white trjfrirt : No. ?
(11 .nil',.'; N, i. 4 white jfH4r;
No J e'low til .Kite ; No. I follow
.-,'ti, it''c; No. 2 mixe.1 W .nrje.
N.,im. ll.ijf- Timmhy per t.Mi $-.i."i)
21 .: : ..er fJ2 CSV
V!,e il No. 2 red t. I t il 1. to ; No.
.T 1 II I t.1; No 4 $!.:! ,i 1.11.
o.iis No. 2 li.te 41'-, '1 I2'i ; No 3
I" i lie; Ni 2 iuiel :a iliN-; No. 3
inWe-l ."3 '!:.
Butter, Egg, and Poultry
I'.urer Whole in Ik creamy extra
I.'!; i eiitr.iliC'l etm 41c, lirsti ;Ule;
f.m.y da.ry 2"m'
lira first 21 n '.'I V : tirsis
Ji'lJ JiS' ; ordinary flrsls 1:'J I! ",.
Live Poultry- Krye's 2 il sml ni,r
XV ; fowls t It's, and over 2-V ; umlef
ils 2" ; roosters
Live Stock
t'altle Sleera, K'k1 ' choice f T ")
ii 8 ; fair to good $il.."ii t T ' ; com
moo io fair .Vtf HoO; heifers. Roo.) lo
choi.e $1.7.Mj 7.7.') : fair to pxxl 't
1.7o; ciiininon to fair SIJ") ir.i.7."i , oi
g'MMl to choice JL"'''I ':' inlHiiTs fj il
2 7'.; Btork gi.rs t.:t"'u; l'k
heifers tl'u
I'ultes in ehoiee .! :ij H) ;
fair to good Jl V) a ll .'s) , coiiuiumi and
lar-e l uU.
Shei-siond to choice' SttfT;
fair to good Hjft; common I'JS'I;
lamhs giaid to eharii-e Sl.V.'iiI'd 111 ; fair
to good $12.'-itf 1
Iloga - Heavy $ Hl.i'i (J 1 i" : ' hol. e
a.-kT uiel Imiehers f .4t a l 7" ;
me lniiu xioi'jiiMo 7 ; oinmcn lo
. Ii. t e heavy Lit o ll . H.Jf. ; l;rlit
ilil.ers Slo.'.', , ;,;, (lilt youndb ulni
) T u l-'.O.
Disclosures reiiarding the use of lm
pressive limousines for ruin running
purposes, bring to the humble owner
t,t a flivver the consoling reflection
that he la safe from suspicion, as there
Isn't room In one of those dsrned
things for a false bottom.
When the little chick Is hatched, the most healthy. Additional food
it still contains a part of the undi- must be provided nnd the premi.ie
iretcd yolk of the egg, in its diges- must be kept clean. As far as poi.
live tract. This serves as sufficient sible, they should not be allowed on
f I for the chick for the first two the damp ground, even ith the hen,
days. Its digestive tract is very del- until they are two or throe weeks
icatp Bnd if crammed with food at old. The dread disease of gaps Is
this time may result in a Imd effect often caused by tny little parasites
for the chick. Iuring these first that they get from the earthworms
two days all the food they need is which they find on the ground. Lit
clean fresh water and a little sard tie chicks with hens are more sus
or grits and crushed charcoal. This ceptilde to lice A little bird put on
will serve to clean out and somewhat the head of eieh chick when the lie
toughens the digestive tract and get are suspected will help t prevent
it ready for the food which is soon them. .1
to follow. When artificial brooding Is em-
After the second day finely cracked ployed and no hen is present, much
grain such ns steel cut oat and more care is necessary. A good oil
cracked corn and wheat will serve 1 or conl stove brooder should be pro
their need very well. A mixture of'vided in a warm room free from
all these is better than any ore of draught ami moisture. Immediately
them, rut oats living the best singl. around the brooder the floor should
rrain. This should be fed to the 1 lie bedded with fine sand, beyond that
chick several times eaeh day nt reg-; the littj-r should be fine clover leaves
u'ar intervals, nnd they should not ! or straw as indicated under feeding,
have more than they can clean up at j The temperature Is all Important
each feed. They should U kept Il should lie kept uniform bv all
hungry enough to want the fwd each means with no abrupt changes either
tune it is given to them. If this j up or down. I'nder the hover of th
fine grain is scattered in a clean lit-, brisxler the temperature should re
tc of leaves from clover hay so that main about 100 decree. Outside it
from the beginning they have to1 would lie ome lower. The chick is
-cratch for it. the exercise will lip said t i be its own thermometer and
good for them loiter this litter may1 suited to its need, provided that tern
be changed to cut straw, if it iijperature ran be found within the
I more convenient 1 bioodcr hou-e. As they grow older
When the chic ks are a week or ten the temperature bet suited to them
days old, a dry. finely ground mash may h a little lower, even as low as
j may be put before them all the time.! degrees, by the time they are four
i in a small feeder or box where thcyior five weeks old. Too muc h heat
I i nn get it at will It may be ni-c-jcaues their vital ty to be lowered,
essary to take it from their sightj while too much cold will chill them
f.,r a portion of the day, if they, nnd stunt their growth, if not even
! seem to eat too much of it. Here cmisii g their death,
i the judgment i f the feeder can de- If the temperature Is kept well
ride. Sue h a mash may le made by regulated, the chick are well fed and
mixing three rounds of wheat bran, proper rare is given to sanitation, the
WHY
O
DOES A MAGNET
LIFT THINGS
rpilK exact priiicliile which causes
niauni't to take hold of metul and
cling to (hem with it force which over
comes the principle of gravity Is, like
electricity, one of the unsolved mys
teries of nature. W't merely know
unit a piece of In n which haa been
electrically trentc-d will at 1 1 act ami
hold vurloiis other inetnls. Tlie force
which It exerts we chII "iniigiieliNlii"
and let II go nt that 'Juki an we
speak of "electricity," "pel soliallty"
uud "radio activity. " all of which are
forces which puzzle uc ien. e nnd. up
to this time, have defied u clear ex
plauution. The most logical explana
tion would appear to be Unit an elec
trically Ironled ploce of Iron give off
a loree uihiIol'oiis to that given off by
il piece of radium in that it will af
fect oilier piece of llletul without
materially lessening Its own power.
The niiiiie M.ciitiet Is derived from
the mineral "inimiiollte" and thin, la
turn, In so culled hecuuse II WHS Itrwt
discovered In Magticaiu. Magnetite Is
a liatun.l magnet, of which the load
tone In one of the heel ktiona varie
ties. (OipvrlKht )
A dollar Is worth 10 cents more at
retail meat market now than It
was a year ago. hut If you ran put
It In the bank Instead of In the meat
market. It wilt probably be worth
more at both place In another year.
It I noted that the announcement
that men' clothes this year will lie
"conervatlve, but with beautiful lines,"
does not say that they will follow the
linen of the flu-ore. hut maybe that Is
merely an oversight.
The man who uses "want ads" to
Inveigle young woiueu and girls la a
scoundrel, generally too auiootu to be
caught ; but wlu-u one U uncovered he
ahould get his desertu on aoiua charge
that will stick.
An Investigation develops that men
seeking wlven prefer tboae who are
good looking. Thai luveittlgatlou has
uot added anything to what the cos
metic manufacturer had In mind.
A New York kiirgcoa Isolated the
heart of a lieu to piove that he could
keep It bouting, but what he should
have Isolated was mi egg lo prove tluit
we can keep beating.
I'eoplo are sal. I to write fewer than
an average of ten letters a year In
Spain. There may be more prudence
than progiess in Hint.
Husbands gelling home late g.u
erully come in throu.li the .torui door.
tl ree pound comn.eal, three pounds
wheat middlings, three pounds lie-t
grade meat scraps and one pound
bone meal. This may be feci until
the thicks are nearly grown. They
are a'l the time to receive the grain
feed, and as they prow larger and
older larger grain mny be fed.
ltrcad crumbs may be substituted
for a portion of the grain. They
may be fed either dry or mixed with
little chicks should do well.
EMPTY PULPITS
Thirty-live ilious.iol c hen he In the
I'll. led Mate ale without pastors, unci
lily l.l.'si new iiiiuisicrs were gradu
Hied last year (I'.i.'l) This scii.i in
arithmetic is lid niisWerahle in ti u'ure. j
We must think it out. t.thcr the law
of supply and demand is crumbling,
in there Is an unknown element un
easily awaiting elucidation. The church.
Is no confounded. The age Is not ile-
generate Tearful pity need not yet j
It with sorrow-, tut sinners are not
eating the feast while lost souls nibble
the scraps of divinity. Nevertheless,!
pulpiteering I unpopular because It
la unprofitable, says Leslie Weekly.
Fame and wealth, the two spurs In
human action, are picked up elsewhere, j
The Influence of wage Is inexorable,
whether In philandering for pleasure j
or In grundiiiarsliallng the processional j
through the sapphire gutes. The sulnt
Itest men have earthly needs, unci
every altar should have an exchequer.
TOOTHACHE
INSURANCE
WrRF. VOI) evt ratWJ . In
the wrt Hwir rtw motnini to
ttvnJ a ttMlttaittr prt aivn
I'T irlt on tt the ibftkv
bcrs ut yuuf Umijf tit
BE TREPARED IN
THE FUTVRE
A2Sc DOTTLE OF
CATTIS TOOTHACHE
DROPS
IN YOL'R HOME
MEANS
TROTI CTION FOR
YOL'R WHOLE
FAMILY
"AIN'T I CLAD"
BEATS
"U'lSH 1 HAD"
CET YOUI fOLICY TODAT
(ONE 3S BUTTLE!
AND BE ON THE SAFE SIDE
f-UUiDntmir niilHiiii
Gattis Chemical Co.
114 h4 2I WoodkuU Sc
NASHVILLE, TENN.
Southern Agriculturist
NASHVILLE, TENN.
The Giant of the South
Its immense popularity is due not only to
the fact that every line in it is written for South
ern farm families by men and women who
know and appreciate Southern conditions, hut
to the practically unlimited personal service
that is given to subscribers without charge.
Every year we answer thousands of ues
tions on hundreds of dilTerent subjects all
without charge. When you become a sub
scriber this iavaluable personal service is
yours. That is one reason why we have
375,000 Circulation
1

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