Newspaper Page Text
Devoted, to tEie Interegts of tlie oianteLin. People BEREA PUBLISHING CO. (iNconroaATio) MARSHALL L VAUGHN. tatts Our Threefold Aim: Te ffiv the Newt of BrM and Vicinity; To Record the Happening of Berea College; To be of Interest to all tte Mountain People. MRU RIISHAIDT I Kttn4 l U (MtflM ml Rma. XT.. a mmnd w MWHMtor, sadcr V Marr. Mr. MuM 4m nunUtmt Hmm, Km Vol. XXIII. Five Centa Per Cop BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, APRIL fl, 1922 One Dollar and Fifty Cent Per Tear No. 41 NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Senate Ratifies Naval Limita tion Treaty, Chief Fruit of the Conference. World News FIRES DIRECTOR OF BIG BUREAU President Dismisses Chief and Division Heads of Engrav ing Department. J. R. Robertson, Professor Hiatory and Political Science Rerra College OTHER PACTS ARE APPROVED j fer te Save Navy ind Army From Dangeroua Reduction Great Coal Strike Bagms Lloyd Gtorge'e Canoe Policy Before Com. mono for Approval. By EOWARO W. PICKARO HAVI.NtS mailf their losing fight against the Pacific four-power pud, the obstrewrous minority In Hie senate ceased from troubling last week, and fell Into line all luit Sen ator France of Maryland. The treaty en limitation of navies, chief work of the Waahlngtim conference, after an Inconsequential debate, wan rall ied on Wednesday ty a vote of 74 t 1. Mr. France defended hU lonely j negative vote liy contending I hat tlie United Statea should runtlnue build ing tlie largest navy In the world un til ell ottier nation had shown tlielr willingness to abolish war totally. Of the other Irreconcilable, llorah ex plalned that he favored the treaty tcauae It waa a step toward the goal at wblrb he liad been aiming for ninny years, namely. complete disarmament, and that he believed thla agreement waa aa much aa the Internal Imial con ferenre ws ahle to accomplish. John Inn of California did not disguise his dislike for tlie a-t, especially Ita Pa ClOc fortifications clause, hut lie voted for ratification on the assurance of the navy general hoard that the t'nlted Statea would not give up anything that la atratrglrally vital. Kng of I'tah. though ar-eptlug the treaty, thought It would have amall effect In reduc ing naval eipendlture. predicting that huge luroi now would he apent on aircraft and aiilunarluea. Immediately after the vote of ratifi cation the avnate took up the treaty prohibiting the ue of poison gas and rvetrlctlng the use of submarines In warfare and accepted It unanlinoualy. Before casting hla vote Senator Wsda worth of New York, chairman of tbe military affair committee, expressed the opinion that In the next war thla treaty would not he worth the paper It waa written on. "For my own part," aald Senator Wadaworth. "I shall be very much dis couraged If the t'nlted Statea army should atop trying to perfect gas masks because of this treaty. We don't dare stop. And the only vay we can (wrfect gna maaka la to test tbem with the kind of gates which we ajiay hae to combat. We might as well look the facts In the face." Before the week closed, the remain ing treaties, the nine power pact re lating to China and the one denllng with the Chinese tariff, were put through, and thus the senate complet ed Its part In making the great Washington conference a success. Naturally, and with reason, the I icm- rata claim a share In lhl aceoin pllshnienl. ex'lall asserting that former President Wilton inii-t be given much credit for arousing ptiMii opIul'Hi In favor of natal liiim.it n ii i It Is evident, however, lliul the Itcpuh llcana will inake large use of the con ferenre and Ita results In this year's Congressional campaign. Ther la every reason to believe the treatlea will he speeilily mulled h the ethwr powers party to them. Indeed, not one of them Is In a position to afford to hold hack from full agree ment. ALTHol'OH the naval treaty places our navy on a level with that of Great Britain, It will In fuel he scarce ly equal to that of Japuti If Die naval appropriation subcommittee of the bouae has Ita way. That body, under the leadership of Itepreaent stive 1'at Kelley of Michigan, la determined to rut the navul enlisted personnel to 6,000, which la iifi.UOU leas thau tbe number necessary according to the es timate of the department's experts, and which would force out of commis sion 1 41 r i craft that are positively needed. It Is not likely, however, that tills crippling progrHiu will meed, liecHiise Hie "hlg nuvy" men of the house lire prepared to comhut It, the majority lenders In the senate declure they will not stand for It, and Presi dent Harding probably would veto (lit) appropriation hill if It came up to him In that hiiie. When the hill la re ported to (he house this week, accord ing to the plan, llogers of Massachu setts Will offer an amendment placing the minimum strength at tal.mio. If thla full, as It likely will. McArthur of Oregon will propoae tttj.txsj as the uilnluium. NO LF.8S than the navy men, the armj men are exercised over the teudeucy toward what they believe to be false and dangerous economy shown by many Weinberg of cougrt-s. Tlie house pacd s,narmy aponiyrlg- (Continued on Pag Two) m m 0p THE SERVICE" Ksacutive Order Rimovii Thirty-Two Officiate and Names Their Succes sorsMay Prove Biggest Scan dal in Government's Hiatory. Washington, April 3. What may prove the biggest scandal In the his , lory of the government departments , broke here when President Harding j by an executive order diaiulssed from i the service James I- Wllmeth, direc tor of the bureau of engraving and prinling and the entire executive stuff of tliui bureau, numbering thirty-two In all. The President's order came at fl:4f p. in.. Friday and was followed by the appointment of new oltlclals to Mil vacancies. IHrector Wllmeth was succeeded by Louis A. Hill. Mr. Hill left the White House w ith orders Immediately to take over the hlg government engraving plant, with Its hundreds of millions of dollars In paper money and gov ernment bonds. The transfer of authority was ef fected within half an hour after Mr. Hill left the White House. Mr. Wll meth, the dismissed director, waa per mitted to take only personal papers from hla desk. Came as a Surprise. The sweeping order of the President came as a dramatic surprise, but It waa made only arter a inorougu in vestigation on the part of government agents over a period of many months. Frequent thefts are said to have occurred recently at the bureau and general Inefficiency In Ita conduct for some time is aald to have brought firth the executive order. The apssarance In many sections of the country of duplicate government bonds and securities, which are aald not to he forgeries, haa kept the secret service busy ruunlng down those re sponsible. While no charges of criminality against the dismissed executives have yet been preferred. It waa stated by oltlclals I bin experts will begin an accounting of every Item on the books. I'pon the result of this Investigation will deiend the future action of the government. It whs said. White House Statement. From the While House the follow ing statement wus Issued .egurdlng the sensational development : "The President issued an executive order dismissing a long list of ex ecutives In the bureau of ingravlng and prinling, and upturning new of ficials to the vacancies. "The order, which was signed at 6:4" p. in., wus at once delivered to (lie new director of the bureau for execulhm. It became effective from the moment of signature by the Presi dent, constituting an Instant severunce from tlie service of all officers dis missed. Their successors will be ap pointed on the recoiumendutlun of the new director. "The director of the bureau. James L. Wlluicth, Is among those removed, ami Louts A. Hill, heretofore assistant chief of the division of engraving, is Ginned to succeed hint. "The hilreau la one of the largest In personnel of the executive service of the government, numbering about sit thousand employees. It operutes the greatest engraving plant in the world. In which all paper money, bonds, cer tificates and securities of the govern ment, und postage Ktatnps are made. For Good of Sarvlcs. "The President's order simply states the action la tuken 'for the good of the service.' The only exceptions to the rule of dismissal are In the cases of persona eligible for retirement for age; these are retired as of this date. "The order Involves changes In the executive heads of every division In the bureau. The action was taken as a preliminary to a complete readjust ment of the bureau tu peace con ditions. The action was taken aa the outcome, of extended preliminary ex amination Into the conduct of the bureau." Mr. Wllmeth aald thut be was "un able to account" for tbe President's sweeping action. "It la a complete surprise to me,1 said Mr. Wllmeth. "I don't think It Is titling for me at this time to make any statement whatever that might be construed aa a criticism of the presi dent's action." The dismissed director has been la the government service for '17 years. Hospital Fund Voted Washington. An appropriation of $17.H).0H) to be used tu providing ad tlonul hospital facilities for war vet eran whmiIiI lie aullioriMHl by a bill pasavd by the I louse w ithout rescued vote. Tlie nieaeure la now pending la the Semite.. 1 Miss Katherlne Thompson of Wilmington. ei.. oniiier arm) nurse, w no-.. i.Kagviiiein i,. t.ieut. Osborn C. Wood, second son of Central Leonard Wood. Is nrinoi ed. 2 The Prince of Wales and Viceroy Lord Heading at unveiling of memorial to King Edward VII at Ix-llil. 3 Rotary International President C. C. MeCulhuigh and Secretary of the Navy iN-nby unveiling the Rotary memorial tablet at tomb of fhc I'nknowii Soldier In Ar lington rpiiipier? , COLLAPSE OF STRIKE IS HEAR IS DECISION BY HIGH GOVERN MENT OFFICIALS MEDIA. TION IS EXPECTED Many Mines May Resume Operation On An Open Shop Basis Walk Out Will Wear Itaelf Out Gradually, Is Be lief. WastilngttH) Collapse of the coal strike lefore the end of April is ex pected by high Oovermnent officials. The country Is prepared to endure s strike for a much longvr period, but miners and qperutorx, knowing this, are exscted to yield to mediuthHi ef forts. Seclal Investigators In coal re gions have reported that In certain dis tricts the Wiancs are f:ivomhlt for early metings between miners and op erator!, snd in those selion adjust mentsjuajrbe reached and coaljuiues reopentsj. The vemuM-nt still taken the ai'.l tude that the strike will wear itself ikwn gradually, and that, district by "tlntrlct, the miners will confer with the operators, ami rtius reduce the number if lilje mines to a negliglhle lumber. Tbe Isppiirtinenf of Justice, like oth er fJoverniiient department, is watch. Inr developments In strike regions WHhln a short period ascsis have re ported many mine may resume opera tion on an open shop hais and rely ii?oii the (ioverninent to protect work er. I'emlinc the oiifituue of effort to effect miHBtln? lMtvvcen both sides. l'o4igress la exhibitinir impatience, es penally over the method ii'topted by certain coal operators. .Iidin I.. Lewis, leider of the miners, will appear before the llous Labor Committee He will ask that the Cov-ernmi-nt take over control of the min ing Industry. Mr. I-wis 'favor v eminent aitlon that will establish such supervision over the coal industry us la new exercised hy the Interstate Com. nienv tNitntnlssion ovef railroads. President Harding' view. upon th question of naming a oinnlission to make an Investigation of the inmiI In dustry, with particular referetwe to conditions that have precipitated tbe present strike, may beouie known within a few days... Business Outlook Good Washington. Acting IMreitor Davis, of the W'ur Finance Corporation, in i statement, noted "marked improvement in the condition of the agricultural In ilusiry and a better outlook for busi ness generally" on the hast of April 1 reports from corporation agencies "Live stock producer aiid'farmer gone rally," the statement said, "are reported to he more coulidetit 'because of improved market cond trons. "11,1 nk di1t have Increased In many agricultural communities, and country banks generally are In a stronger position than they have been for a long time." U. S. ENVOY OFF TO BERLIN Alanson B. Houghton, Newly Appoint ed Ambassador to Germany, Sails on the Olympic New York. April 3. Alunsou II. Houghton, uewly appointed ambassa dor to lieriuuny, with his wife and two daughters, were pussengera aboard the Olympic, sailing tor Kngland. Am bassador Hoiighlou will proceed (jiune dlalcly to llerlln to take up his die les. Other passengers were Henry P. ""Icl' her, ambassador to Kelgliiui, and o (Wlegullou of railroad executive to the International railway congress at Home. StTammmdk-mmL JTCBJf!akwMgf irlf.i,ili . t's.An.. Miasma BEREA WINS OVER COLBY On Saturday evening, April 1, the, debating teams of Colby College, Maine, and Berea College met in the College Chapel and debated the prop- osition. "Resolved, that the principle nf th closed shon is Justifiable." Colby upholding the negative and Berea the affirmative aide of the question. Both sides presented their arguments in such an interesting and forceful manner that it was soon j Deputy Sheriff Ed Cox waa shot evident that the contest was a very 'and perhaps fatally wounded while close one. The decision of the making an arrest in the Fork pre judges was two for the affirmative cinct of Owsley county, Monday, by and one for the nesrative and found h..arfv snnnnrt hv both sides. ! i i - The Berea team, composed of Cur-! tis Huff, Hugh 0. Porter and Samuel j Hughes, did honor to themselves and their Alma Mater. They are all freshmen, and this was their first ap pearance on a college debate. The members of the Colby team showed themselves worthy of the I reputation which they have won in T. i - a. iU l . their victories over five of the best schools in the country. During their visit here they found and made many friends and admirers.. They were worthy opponents and showed excel lent sportsmanship. I THREE STILLS DESTROYED Bin HILL SECTION IN Sheriff Elmer Deatherage and h deputies, together with federal offi cers, made a raid thru the Big Hill section of Madison county last Fri- day and Saturday and destroyed three stills. No worms were captured, but quantities of mash were poured out. The party consisted of Sheriff Deatherage, Deputies Franklin, Deatherage, Ben Davis, T. J. Robin - son, Richard Mobley and three feder al officers. ESTILL MAN THREATENED BYrf ie "l"' ENEMIES IN AMBUSH wea '. . , Irvine. Ky.. April 5.-Uncle John' parents tn Pamt L.ck unt.l two years Griffin of the Barnes Mountain sec- tion, is living in constant dread of . , o,,.,! l l.Tt i. 'Church and an energetic Sunday being shot. His hou,e was bombard- 1 "u , . ti one night and his woods were set on fire, burning up his fences. A still was captured m that vicinity and 'shiners of the neighborhood are of the opinion that Uncle John re ported them and are threatening his life. Ho sleeps with a shotgun in reach, but the firing is being done from ambush. Richmond Register. Oeath Mystery Explained New York.- The mystery In the death of Itohert It. Roosevelt, Jr., Buy. shore, V Y.. a the result of an acci dent ha been cleared by Joseph Mur ray, physical director at the Vale Cluh, a witness, nliii said he saw the youth fall Into the street in the p.ilh of a (tixlcah and uiiiiiiclpal bus llotli car passed over him. The accident occur red In a poiiiin,' rain. Murray said he assisted In can y in.' Mr. Boosevelt into a near-by restaurant, hut did not know Ids Identity. Austrian Apathetic Vienna. No official rcvognithxi of the passing of former KnilHTor Charles thus far has been given by the Aui'rl an Republic. Neil her half masted tlair nor the customary display of sable bunttng were t he seen In Vienna. Tte voluminous ohWuariis and appre ciations of the former Kniperor Klnn whlci.tllltsl the press were colorless, but kindly. Tlie) dwelled upon the virtues of Churlos as a loon, a hus band and father, but excused him aa a Statement, for being well-meaning but aa unfortunate ruler. LOCAL BOV STAYS AT HOME AND RECEIVES MESSAGES IS DISTANT CITIES Lewis Davis, on Center street, has recently installed a Radio outfit and has listened to concerts and lectures from Pittsburg, Chicago, Detroit, Newark, Indianapolis and Cincinnati, 1 DEPl'TY IS WOUNDED IN OWSLEY a man whose name is given to ne Whitlow, who escaped after the shooting, THREE HOMES DESTROYED IN IRVINE On Thursday afternoon a fire broke out in Irvine, destroying three homes and seriously damaging another. There was an approximate loss of $10,000, partly covered by insurance The houses destroyed belonged to Lee Witt, J. F. Christopher and Harry Martin. No bodily injuries w.ere sustained. THREE STILLS AND WORM TAKEN IN ESTILL Ten miles from Irvine in the old Landing neighborhood Chief of Po- is lice Sizemore, of Irvine, and four other assistants captured three 60- gallon stills and a large copper worm I Saturday. The seven men brought to Irvine were Joe Benton, Groverj Benton, Leo Reese, Levi Estes, Jr.,1 Charles Estes and Bud Mcintosh. All were placed under $200 bond each, awaiting trial by grand jury. 1 . FORMER PAINT LICK GIRL DIES AT ASHEVILLE News comes from Asheville, N. C, scnooi wurhcr uuo ono iomuj --- in this , vicinity that extend their sympathy to the bereaved parents. Her remains were interred at West Asheville. MAN KILLS HIMSELF IN MAYS ! VILLE I" An unidentified man found dead at the entrance of the Catholic cemetery! near Maysville, Monday afternoon. He had committed sui cide by shooting himself thru .the rinht temple. A by his side. He pistol was found was evidently nnl office man and was well dressed. The only mark by which he might be identified was on his trousers, which hear the label of a big Cincinnati store. BURGLAR GETS LOOT FROM COX & MARCH About $250.00 worth of goods were( taken from the store of Cox t March SUCC0,Kfu The province of Ul in Richmond early Saturday morninir. j ster waB) represented and agreements Passage wa. gained by tearing off a , mipo niad(J which promM screen, breaking a pane of glass, and: Mn(n fop harm((ny of orth opening the window. About $250.00 ,h ,reUnJ- Joint ,ction to u worth of guns, manicure sets, knives. uktfn to iUppreM the rlot, wnlch cheap watches, were taken. Blood bMn 0 cogty of life TNlan4 hounds were procured from Le'nT- btujins to see that such disorder give ton. which struck a trail that led toljnipport the advocatea of union the old barrel factory, where the dogs, wjth EwlanJ who cUim Irc. lost the trail, but later a man whol8mJ ,f fcbU to gmn hmelt gave his name aa Wm. Gridiron wiThj. demonstration ha, been thrust arrested on the charge. H. pleawleUj IruIuld h9tt4tlt an(J hef futur. not guilty. His trial if set for Frv upoa hef biUty to C(mjn,n4 day, April 7. (Continued on Page 8) The death of Charles, former Em peror of Austria and King of Hun gary, has awakened interest in Europe) and raised Mime problems of impor trance. His exile in the Madeira Islands was shared by his wife, the Empress Zita, but the sentence did not include her and the art was on of voluntary devotion. She f regar ded as ambitious and likely to watch every opportunity to advance tho in terest of her son, Francis Joseph Otto. The ex-emperor died of pneu monia and in his last hours he pro tested that he died as a sacrifice for his people. It was generally felt that Charles would have made a good ru ler in ordinary times but his fortunes were too closely tied up with those of Germany to enable him to show what he might have done. The efforts to regain the throne were largely the work of his ambitious wife. As the time for the Genoa Confer ence draws near the interest increa ses. Perhaps the leading question will be that of Russia. It is believed that Italy and England are favorable to a recognition of the Soviet Regime on conditions. France on the other hand is expected to stand for recog nition only when pledges for fulfil ment of money obligations are fully made. Russia has borrowed a large amount from France during the war and even before. Lloyd George ex pects to attend and will hardly ven ture to favor recognition unlcsj he has approval of the House of Com mons. He has asked for a vote of confidence which probably meant an endorsement of his purposes at the convention. These frequent requests for votes of confidence are rather a' new thing in England. The initiative is generally taken by the House it self and a minister is regarded as holding the confidence until a voto to the contrary is taken. The U. S. Senate has made rather quick work in the matter of ratifying the treaties. Some important agree ments were ratified in as many days. The administration, especially Secre tary Hughes, has reason to feel grat ified at the result. There is no rea son to believe that the treaties will be rejected in any of the countries concerned. It is possible that France may desire a reservation in the agreement on submarines, defining more accurately the term merchant vessel and confining the term to a - ship that does not carry guns. Eng- land does not need to bring the measures before Parliament unless -he desires. It is generally custa- mary in European countries, how- ever, to have important treaties passed on by Ihe representative body of the people. The world will come to realize the importance of these trea ties more fully a. time passes. The long-delayed settlement of the Turkish question seems finally to have been reached by the Allies. Turkey remains in possession of Con stantinople and a small strip of sur rounding country, Adrianople, which commands the approach to the larg er city, U given to Greece, with pro visions to secure the fair treatment I of Turks. In return the city of ' Smyrna is given to Turkey, with a similar provision to safeguard tho I Greek inhabitants. A portion of the province of Thrace goes to Turkey and a portion to Greece. Armenia is returned to Turkey with the rest of Asia Minor, but the security of the i people is enirusiea. vo me League oi , I I . . 1 . 1 V Nutlon with the hope that the land may De a nome or rctuge xor au Armenians. Mesopotamia and Pales tine are under the mandate of Eng land and are well under control al ready. A turn for the better has taken place in the Irish problem at a time when matters looked rather hopeless. ,,... ..iu i Tendon, h..