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The citizen. [volume] (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, May 04, 1922, Image 1

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The citizen
Our Threefold Aim: Te tre
the News of Broa n4 VkteHy;
To Record the Happening of
Berea Collect; To be of Interest
to all the Mountain People.
furW at I. PW.eVsi .1 Dm, ., a mmmU
aa iwl-Mito, rfr AH Mam. r.
T3e voted to tlio Intereatsof tlie Ad:oixntG.ln People
Five ConU Per Copy
On Dollar and Fifty Cent Par Yaar
No. 44
Wrangling and Politics Mark the
DoingsjOhe Genoa
France Threatens Independent Act on
Agamat Germany and Lloyd George
' la Angry Centenary of General
Grant's Birth Celebrated
Great Battle Impend
In China.
Itu-sla limy be forced In iillt the
economic conference HI t.cnnii I 'rji n t.
which i Looming more and more di
MMotli'il with t way thing arc go
ing there, liiny withdraw I11T delegate.
Hut II li aniioini.-fd Mint I . I I lii'iiik'"
ami lilx llrltlsh fellow delegate will
tick to I Ik- mil, determined to Ret
some result fnmi the conference.
Willi true Oriental wile, 1 1 if Kim
elan lire bargaining with the other
power ami last week succeeded In
bringing hImiih a lmll.M'k. To end
thl condition the representative of
the lag uml little entente and Portu
gnl drew up what n i it i r 1 1 I o it it
tlltliiiiitiiin. Hriilnit the soviet dele
gate tlmt If they would not uivcpt
the proposition made to tliein. the
It il mm Inn phase of the conference would
romc to an eml.
lined y Muted, here I what the Rus
sians nHei : first, the power must
recognize flu" soviet government ile
Jure, Mini ruut grunt It sufficient Inn in
to etiMhle l(iiln to reorganize her
tiatlolial life Itussla will recognize
tier pre war debt, but demand a thir
ty years' inoriilorliiiii mi the, with
Cancellation of arrears of Interest ami
of Interest during the nmrnlorliim.
Itussla ahmiiloiiH her claim again!
the power lue to the atitl Itolshevlk
campaign tnl In return xpect that
her war debt to other power will he
"written ilnwn" r eent. Itussla
rcfusisj te restore confiscated proierty
hecau thl I roiitrary to their policy
of nationalization, hut claim ltulaii
have th right to po-wena proerty In
foreign mutktrle which are umler a
bourgeois regime. In short, Russia
would take all unil give nothing.
Though the llrltlsh ileiarei some
aort nf a settlement with the Itiissluns
must Ih mad. M. Itarthoil, I'hHlnnuii
of the committee bundling the mutter,
abruptly called a Inilt to further dis
cussion of the Itiisslan ilelit. The
French, burked hy their government,
were absolutely opMied o recognis
ing the soviet government uml to
granting It credit, an. I, according to
dispatches from Parts, Japan would
upMirt them In this taml, hihI proh
alily hIho llelgluiii. Hungary, I'oliiml,
Berbls. ldimaiiia and i'ih hoslovakla.
This only Increased the widening
hrench lM-ten J'raiice anrl tireat
Itrllain. Mini enrh preilleteil that the
policy of the oilier would leml lo an
other war. They iigreeil thut this
won hi rexiilt from a cmnhlnliig of Idis
ala anil tieruuiuy. The liermati ilele
galea hail Hcccpteil the comnmihl to
keep uut nf the iliwuitioii of l(iilnii
affiilra lie'Miie of their aepurule
treuty with Moscow, hut Ihl wu lioi
rliougli. The Hutoiiin ilelegiile w ere
rnrageil ty I lie tin t Unit I'uliiinl loine'l
III tlil 1 1 m i -1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 r meiisiire uml in tin
note algiifil hy eleven of the mer
reerMii the rltfht to ile. lnre null mi.l
Toil) iiiiy cluue of the ItopuUo pint
liehl to he In violation of the treaty !
Versatile or any other treaty. In a
Dole to the Pole, the Kustiim ile
Clurcil thut the ovlet g.o eriiinenl
rouhl in no case penult trentlea mmle
liy It "to ilepeml foi their legality mi
tint Motion nf powers not algnatory."
uisiilering that ltiiU has powerful
forces inusseil on the rollsh frontier,
the language of the note wait taken to
carry a distinct threat of lioMltllie
against Poland, a well a a warning
to all the power.
MKANWHII i: Premier I'olni'ar,
In a Hpeech at liar le Inn', assert
ed that r'ruiicf. If neieuiiiy. will uu
iertiik alone to see that Die treaty
of Versailles I executed If the tier
tun ii m ilefnult lii their reparation puy
luent. Intiiiuilliig that I'reucli troop
will he mi the march on May Ml mile
tiy thai dale tieriimny lias accepted
the couililhm laid down hy the rep
aratiiHis commission. The premier
iliN'lureil he urileutly hoped fur the co
uM'rntiou of the ullies In case tiermuny
defaillte.l, "hut, according to the terms
of the treuty," ha udded, "eie h may.
In case of uit'd, lake, respectively, audi
measures as are deemed necessary."
This ul so stirred I.loyd tieorge to
wrath, liecaiiHM Ihe atateineiit was
made wiilioitt consulting the allies.
Kuld lie: "Th matter a not connected
with lieiiou, hut t rench nplnioii aiil
lously uml excitedly hellevea thut tin
Kusso (ierinun agreement la tli out
come nf this couferein-e. That Idea Is
being flattered In France ,y serious
inlKntuteineuts to the Kreiu b by certain
Kngllsh iiewapaiiera" Ilia refereue
beljig to Lord NortlnllfTe's itrmm.
(Coolloued oa Pt Two)
Peking Under Martial Law Armies of
Tee Lin and Pel Fu Battle Continu
ously Around Changaintien, Twelve
Miles Distant President Rau Shin
Chang Isauea Proclamations.
Iunlon. An airplane uwd hy
Chi l.i forcisj. Hying from Tnnf!rurfu
to Petigl.ii, driiH-d a homh, without
causing mm li damiige. nar a train car
rylng a detachment of American mur
ine to Peklni!. says d spalch to Lha
Inidon Time from Peking
Peking. Martial law was declnrvrt
In Peking The nnnle of l-tier-il
I 'I in n I so I. In and 4 general Wu Pel I'll
fought eoiitlniioualy ihMmrhoiit the
day The tight, ng inler iimund
t'4iatiglntien, I- utile distant.
A i Jo eminent inminuiinpn a.v
ttiaiig Til.in wu vlciorlou in the
fighting at M.icliang
The Aiiierh-aii l.ivatinn has riiueti
Washiugtoii to send ui.nl l-er waraoi.i le
Tien Tsin
President llsii Shih t'linng. In cone-queni-a
of Ihe himlilitlea linvl Hm-e
pHH-hiniatioiis calling alteiitl.ui to the
serious coiimspieuees to I 'ill lis which
might result from the Jeopardizing ol
foreign liitrresta
Tbe tlrt proclamation said the Itil
nane public wa territletl, that tner
chanta were suffering loaea and the
Industry of the nation was iliimrallx
eil. Then-fore It was dmnamletl tliat
It.ang TIJn and Wu Pel I'u inum-d
latnly withdraw their armies.
The second proclamation dwluroil
that, aa Peking was the apital of Uie
tuition, pea.-e and order must prevail.
Ireiidanuerie. under tho direction of
tha chief meiropolitan, must take ade
quate measurea
Kmpiiaala aa plaixl in the third
pnaHaiiiation of ha nassMMlty to prin
ted Ihe llea and nurty of foreign
era and for coinrilanc with treat lea
with the powera.
It was s.l. led that the tTilnene 1UH
road Aduilniat ration bad sont a pro
tnal to the tivenimetit, aaerting that
the railroads of the inuntry fai-e bank
ruptry In cnaeu,uenoe of the uaiu
atoll f traffic, and rtiat this but In
eolvea foreign obllgattona.
Labor Chief Asserts Recognition By
America Would Be Betrayal
Lanine Denounced
fhlcago - Samuel Wwiipera, Presi
dent of tue American KedcrHtlon of
ljitwir. Issiie.1 a slutiinent dai'laring
that rengtiltlon hy tho l'nltd Statea
of the "lUilshevIk tyranny" In Kuxsia
would tie a "needle, ami base Ih'I ray
si of civilization."
! lecturing that American public life
was being Poodi! w ith propaganda and
thai "predatory intnrnuttomil uiian.ei
baa Its apH'tllie up and lielievea It sees
Ioj4 in Itusaia." he asserted that'notb
lug "would be more fraught with ills
aatrr to humanity than Ainern-uii re
ngnltli f tin; Itolalievik power in
any form "
Nikolai limine. Mr. liomiwrs de
nounced aa a "bandit iner. haul,"
ready to "take what be can get in ex
ctiangtr for the heritage of a peopla
rendered boiple hy bun and his."
A fund of millions of .lobars, he as
aerteil, was being used Lit the t' lilted
States for tolslieviin propaganda out
of which "bribes have been offered In
place where the American public cau
not afford lietrayul."
Paper, Good Literature
tJabwburg. 111.- Newspaper are
part of the gianl literature of the
age und It is vital thut, with Hie
ludy of the clawilca of Paigliab iiroe
and ixietry, a roair apprei l.it Ion of
Lbe line things that are being done
from day to day be Instilled in the
mlnda of lbe student Journalists, IL
F. Harrington, lirccUr of the MiMllI
School of Journalism of Nortbwent
trn University, wuld in an address be
fur etbe studeuU at Knox College.
Sural Pohticlana Did It!
Perl in General Krich I.udondorff
haa written to Major Julio liuertvr.s
Peruvian Mlliiarj Attache tiere, to
thank blm for the "ciilvalroua and un
prejudiced" acrtiiinu of eveuts re
runted In tiuerrero's new hletory of
the World War. "We were not beaten
on the liehl, but by Um failure of
politicians to adut tbciuavivea to
Uie rvKjutreiiHUita of war."
Blaat Wrecks Mine
Charleatou. W. Va. Prnerty dam
age estiinuted at fl'JTMXX) waa causej
ami the big mine of the Stuart IV1
Ueriea Company at Suminerlee, Kay
etta) County, was wrecked by an explo
sion of undetermined origin, according
to the State lk-artiiient of Miuea.
Ilia rHjrU aaid Miere were uo in
jur lea. The xpiosioii hhook Ue hills
Mid broke window a for milea around
the village, report aaid. It otvurred
'JO nitnutes after 16 workmen bad quit
work for the day.
T U " W J aroat e.W ft 3V 7 W K. .9 m t (T iHllaf
il .ff If l .1 ft IJI Jnf t' r. .- , v m s
aLij?ii - n fMZ Jflt&m
" m.-.x . . twBaaM4aiSiiiii i it mi m as sjassaassi
I "I IT. .l. 'liilili ..T Ine ec.ilin.ll
American Uevnliilioii pluming a tree
nu his I i rt Inlay, line for ein h year of
Fightning South of Peking
Tientsin Railway Is
in Progress.
Foreign Legations Adviae Nationals
Who Are Outaida of Peking to
Hurry to Capital as Measure
of Self-Protection.
Peking, fblna. May 1. Fighting
south nf the Peking Tientsin railway
Is In progress. The fighting began at
dawn Ibis morning at (Tiangantlen, 12
miles mint li west of this city. There
waa artillery firing In the vicinity nf
the Marco Polo bridge. The artillery
nrtng in wwlfhl in Prtrlnc.- -
Marco polo bridge spans the River
Vungtlngha near the west gate nf I.u-Kou-t'hliio.
a little more than four
miles from (TuingHlntlen.
The Marco Polo bridge Is so mimed
because It was mentioned by the cele
brated traveler in his account of bis
Journey through China. It Is of stone.
'. feet long and J4 wide J
Tlie foreign legations here buve ad
vised the national of their respective
countries who are now outside Peking
to hasten to the capital aa a measure
of aelf protection.
Rival Generals In Command.
The forces of ien. Chang Tso-lln.
military governor of Manchuria, and
fien. Wu Pel fu. military leader of
central China, were reported engaged
along a line emending from Muchnng.
20 tulles south of Tientsin, to a point
south of Peking.
A dispatch from Tientsin saya there
has been heavy artillery tiring near
Mai-hang for the lust IK) hours.
Battle on 100 Mile Front.
It would appear that Chang Tsivlln'a
forces are endeavoring to protect both
the capital and the railway. The dis
patches Indicate that the buttle line
la approximately lis) miles long.
The Peking Tientsin railway con
nect Peking with Taku. Its seaport,
and the nines' diplomats recently
serve. I notice on the Chinese northern
government that Ibis line of communi
catlmi iiiiimi be kept open as a means
of safe egress for the foreigners In
Peking should .be capital be menaced
by the fonva of Wu Pel fu.
Knight of Thistle to Be Conferred
on Wales' Return to London
from Eaet. '
Iondon, May 1. The prince of
Wulea, it Is understood will be made
knight of the Thistle upou his re
turn from Ida Indian and fur eastern
tour, as a token of the king' satis
faction at the success of bis htsoiiiiI
mission abroad. The prince U expected
to reach Knglund on June 20. and the
order will probably he handed to him
on the morning of his twenty-eighth
birthday, June 2.H.
The "Most Noble and Moat Ancient
Order of lbe Thistle," as It la formally
designated, was founded, according to
legend, In TS7 A. !., when Achaliis.
king nf the Scots and Iliingiis, king of
the Pl.'ts. saw the vision of a bright
cross In the skies as I bey engaged In
prayer for the defeat of Athelalan.
king of Kiigluud, whom they were to
engage in buttle the next day.
King tieorge did not become
kulghi of the Thistle until the eve of
Ilia wedding, July 5. 1HII3, when Queen
Vlclorla summoned her grandson to
her apartment und there handed him
the star and rlhlioii of the order.
. .... .to . . I.. i I,. ,, so..,. J
at .Mo'itif Vermm. 3 I'liaiin. ey M. I
Ma liii-
Among1 the many distinguished
men who have honored Berea by their
presence none has been more welcome
than the poet, Edwin Markham, who
was here last Saturday and Sunday
lecturing to the fctudents.
Mr. Markham was born in Oregon
in IS." 2. As yenrs run, he is an old
man, but has drunk often from the
"Fountain of Youth" and his spirit is
All of those who heard his lectures
in the College Chapel and his ad
dress to the young men in the Y.
M. C. A. Sunday evening recognized
something unusually interesting in
his personality, but some, perhaps,
did not know that they were listen
ing to one of America's greatest
seers and poets. Mr. Slosson, editor
of the New York Independent, has
called him "America's major proph
In his boyhood days Mr. Markham
herded sheep and cattle in the great
ISforthwest and later worked at farm
ing, blarksmithing, and school teach
ing. He began writing poetry when
a boy and was early recognized by
the eastern magazines. He wrote
"The Man with the Hoe." "Lincoln"
and other poems which have become
a part of the poetry of the world.
(Special to the Citizen)
Lexington, April 30. James Sid
ney Caudel, son of F. J Caudel,
Frenchburg, Ky., is enrolled as a
sophomore in the College of Law at
the University of Kentucky. He was
a member of the track team at
Frenchburg High School and entered
Iterva College after his graduation
there. When he had finished at Be
rea, he came to the University.
Since his 'matriculation here he has
made great progress in his studies
and was chosen for membership to
Phi Alpha Delta I.aw Fraternity.
Brother-in-Law of "Honest John"
Brunen and Charles M. Powell of
Indianapolis Face Murder.
Ciinideii. N. .1.. May I Two men
are umler arrest charged lth the mur
der of "Hmiest .li.lni" Itrunen. ueallby
. i reus owner. In "lis slain with a
shotgun nt his home In Itherside on
1 1 1 . night of March III. They lire Mar
ry M"lir of Ciiiinleii. Iti'iineii's brother-In-law.
mid Charles M. Powell of In
dianapolis. Powell wu arrested two
weeks iigo by County IVtective Kills
Parker and wn held secretly In the
Vomit Holly Jull until Saturday when
he made a confession which resulted
In the arrest of Mnhr, according to the
p. .lice. Powell formerly was connect
ed wfth the "Mighty Doris Shows," of
utdch Itrunen wits sole owner and
Mnhr was business manager of the cir
cus. Mnhr bus been umler suspicion
mice the night of the murder. Detec
tive Parker said. I'he circus has been
allowing In Philadelphia under Mchr's
Three Others Injured When Machine
Dashes on Sidewalk at Grand
Rapids, Mich.
(irand Uuplils. Mich.. May 1. Two
I'httdrvn were killed und three others
severely Injured when struck by an
automobile which dashed over Ihe
curbing In avoiding collision with an
other machine. The dead are Jean
Meyer, six. daughter of Mr. and Mra.
Joseph Meyer, und Anna Van Kck, ten,
laughter of Mr. and Mrs. Curueilua
Van Kck.
.Mill's. 1. 1 .
epew lialiti'.g hi elhiy-ei,,lit cuinlie
Business Men Invited to Come Out
Next Tuesday I
The Shriners Club, whih was or-j
ganized several weeks ago, will meet '
at Boone Tavern next Tuesday eve-,
ning at 6 o'clock, and has acquiesced
in the suggestion that an invitation,
be extended to Berea business men
who are interested in the organiza
tion of a larger club, for the better-'
ment of Berea. j
A delegation from the Kiwanis
Club at Winchester will be present J
and will offer an interesting program. J
It is hoped that at this meeting some
move may be started which will re-1
suit in an organization in which a'
number of the business men in this
community will unite for better
and more progressive Berea.
Those who wish to attend this
meeting should send their names at!
once to Marshall Vaughn or B. P.
Allen. - Dinner served at 6:30 o'clock.
A. J. Russell, representing the Be
rea Normal School, took first place
in the contest held at Barbourville
Friday evening. April 28, under the
auspices of The Eastern Kentucky
Oratorical Association.
This is the first time that the Be
rea Normal has ever been represent
ed in an interschool oratorical con
test and Mr. Russell has pushed out
in the right direction. His subject
was. "The Call of the Five Million,"
and his speech was an appeal to the
mountain people to become their own
missionaries. He gave a vivid pic
ture of conditions of mountain life
today and pointed out that the prop
er solution of the problem of the
mountains depends upon whether or
not the mountain people are going to
be willing to educate themselves to
do their own work. Mr. Russell does
not believe that the people from the
plains ran solve the mountain prob
lem. The other schools represented in
the contest were Eastern Kentucky
State Normal, Asbury, Union, and
Sue Bennett.
Dies at Robinson Hospital
W. A. Phillips, 33, was brought
from his home at Threelinks, Rock
castle county, to the Robinson Hos
pital Monday morning; with a fatal
shot gun wound in his right leg. He1
died at the hospital Tuesday night.
The reports as to the cause of the'
shooting have been vague and con
flicting, to that nothing definite can
be stated. According to the most re
liable reports the gun was fired by I
a woman and the shot was not in-,
tended fJr the man who was killed.
Mr. Phillips was a correspondent
for The Citizen and had many friends
in Berea.
Fire Lose $1,000,000
Patterson. N. J. A speitaculur Are
caused a general alarm to be sounded
here uml cutis! d.iniuge estimated
at I,lM. Two children trailed
In a hlu.ing liirlding were rescued
by Policeman Zerbrugge, whose face
was burned.
"We have sold 97,000 bottles of
Tanlac and have never had a tingle
complaint." Jacobs' Pharmacy, At
lanta, Ca. gold by Berea Drug Co.
World News
I!t. J. It Rohertaon, Profeaaor ti
History and Political Sciena
Berra Collefa
The Conference at Cenoa, th
threatened with dissolution, is still at
work. Lloyd George is the control
ing force there. Recently he has
been re-enforced by surport from
Rome. Pope Pius has shown his in
terest and ha tried to exert an in
fluence for good. Other Catholic
leaders have alo appeared on the
scpne. The priest Sturzo has been
active in holding conferences with
representatives. The Allies have
i agreed upon a plan which is in the
nature of an ultimatum to Russia.
It promises a loan, to be derived by
a consortium, that Is, by joint con
tribution of the different powers.
England, France, Italy, of course will
share in it. Japan also expects to
take a part an even Belgium. The
amount suggested is a hundred mil
lion dollars. The condition of the
loan is one that Russia has been try
ing to evade, namely, the agreement
to pledge her payment of obligations
already incurred. There is not much
assurance that the offer will be ac
cepted. Max Harden, the German Socialist
writer, condemns in no uncertain
terms the treaty which Germany has
made with Russia. He writes as tho
it did not meet the approval of the
people and brings out clearly the?
folly of such an agreement at so crit
ical a time. He suggests the prob
ability of secret clauses between the
two countries and the distrust that
it must arouse in the nations of the
vorld. Harden has been something
of a privileged character in Germany
and speaks his mind freely on pub
lic matters. It is noticeable that he
realizes, as few do, the need of a
friendly attitude on the part of
America toward Germany, and he
knows it cannot be secured in such a
way. The influence of capitalistic
speculators is suggested as an Impel
ling force behind thj treaty.
Conditions in Ireland are showing
some sirra cf settling down a little.
The vote on the settlement with Eng
land is to be taken in June and prep
aration is being made for it. The
opponents of the Free State are de
termined to do all they can to defeat
it and will not scruple much regard
ing the method. Precautions are be
ing taken to prevent interference by
force and all forms of disorder. A
bona fide expression of choice is the
thing that is wanted. The people of
Ireland admire a man of courage and
the recent plucky exposure to danger
by both Griffith and Collins have
made sentiment in their favor. There
is little doubt but the influence of the
Catholic clergy will be mainly for the
Free State and that is a large factor.
During the summer a pilgrimage of
American Irishmen is to be made to
the homeland and preparations are
being made for a welcome.
For the first time in a hundred
years pirates are appearing on the
seas. Recently several vefsels were
pursued an 1 uttarked in the Gulf of
Mexico, off the coast, remote from
settlement. Acts of piracy were
committed during the war, and it U
probable that some of the lawless
element of war times still exist. The
United States early In its history
took a leading part in clearing the
sea of pirates on the Mediterranean
The Mexican War was in part
brought on by claims against Mexi
co for merchant ships and cargo lost
thru the lack of protection. In these
days pirates cannot expect to ply
their lawless vocation for any length
of time.
The League of Nations Is planning
a meeting soon at Genoa. It has
been officially declared that it will
meet even tho the conference has
not adjourned. It is expected that
a good many of the matters brought
up at the conference of Genoa will
be referred to the League for fur
ther consideration and attempted
settlement. It Is not generally real
ized how much substantial work the
League has already done thru its
commissions and in Its full assem
blies. The attitude of the United
States In refusing to join has by no
means destroyed the League, tho it
has materially weakened it and pre
vented the effective program that
might have been carried out.

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