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The citizen. [volume] (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, May 11, 1922, Image 6

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Pa Six
THE CITIZttf
May II, 1922
MOUNTAIN AGRICULTURE
Oaa'arte by Mr. Robert r.Ppof. Far Dutratr aai 8pcial
Investigator
ACHIEVEMENT DAY MADISON planned for Club Camp for Rockcas
COUNTY tie County to be held in July, at Brod-
Forty-six Junior Agricultural head Fair ground. Tha committee
members received Certificates of also planned for five club members
Merit f rtm the State College of Ag- to be sent from Rockcastle County
riculture, presented by Dean Cooper to Junior Week, at Lexington, June
at Berea, April 29. This was a great 19 to 24.
nnr rlnh mmhfn. Fiftv Mt. Vernon deserves much credit
other members attended the meeting and praise for the entertainment and ( '.. -stP " th'"k how much
and witnessed a very fine program, cooperation. The Fiscal Court is to U0OO will help the boys and girls
Berea College deserves much credit be thanked for making it possible for ' this adjoining counties. We
and praise for the fine chicken din- the County Agency work to continue now have 2 organixed clubs. These
ner which was served in the Normal in Rockcastle. introducing more and better
dining-room. Everybody thought of Brmlheads cooperation was voiced livestock, producing b.gger and bet
Miss Cocks when seated at the U- by Mr. Hiatt when he announced ( ter crops, carrying out educational
ble It was she who made the din- what Brodhead could do for the programs, molding public opinion
ner so good and appetizing. ! Club Camp if it could be located at j ,on the lin ot higher i,e"I n1
Dean Cooper, E. E. Fish, and J. Brodhead this year. The committee better living.
M. Feltner were speakers from the accepted Mr. Hiatt'a offer and voted This only show what boys and
Extension Division of State College the camp for Brodhead. Kirls can do that are given a chanca.
of Agriculture. President Hutchins,: Mr. Robins, the magistrate, also1 So Pu together for bigger
H. E. Taylor and Dean Clark were
fmm Berea Colleire. Judee
Goodloe was the speaker who repre-!
aented the county and club members, cooperating and helping to formu
las talk was full of inspiration and late plans for the School and Agri
Information. I cultural Fair.
In the afternoon Mr. Parks, cur Rockcastle County is moving for-
"picture show man," showed his co-
operation by giving all club members and contented homes, thereby produc
and club leaders a ticket to the af- J happy and contented people.
ternoon matinee. After the shoW
everybody returned home feeling ( OCR CLl'B WORK
that club work was worth while. I By Margaret I.. Fish. Club Member,
After dinner the county club com I
mittee met at county agent's office J The following paper was read at
and arranged for five club members Achievement Day at Mt. Vernon,
to attend Junior Week at Lexingn, ' May 6:
June 19-24. The committee aljo Our club work is growing' better
voted for cluj 'amp to be held 'n . each year. More boys and girls are
Rockcastle this year, since it was in given an opportunity to do some
Madison last year. j thing that really is worth while and
Madison county is growing in club f learning how to can food, cook, sew,
work and general development. Be- ( care for milk, baby chicks, with the
rea is always attractive to farmers least cost to get more out of them,
and club members. Berea always) While they are doing this they
cooperates in all projects promoted have not only their learning but
by the county agent.
ACHIEVEMENT DAY ROCK
CASTLE COUNTY
Eighty-one Junior Agricultural
Club members received Certificates
of Merit from State College of Ag
riculture, presented by C. W. Buck
ler, State Club Leader, at Mt. Ver.
non, May 6th. This was a great
day for our club members and par
ents who attended. On account of
Circuit Court being in session the
program was conducted in the Chris
tian Church. The church was crowd
ed with club members, parents and
visitors.
Judge Bowman assured the clut
members and others that the county
was behind their work and would do
all possible to give them a better
and bigger chance for an education
at home on the farm. He praised
the club work and announced that
the Fiscal Court had made it possi
ble for the club work to continue.
The good singing was made possi
ble by C. C. Davis who also spoke of
the value of club work to Rockcastle
County. Music was furnished by the
Mt Vernon Band. This added much
to the inspiration of the day.
A wonderful dinner was served by
Chamber of Commerce and Parent
Teachers' Association in the Masonic
Hall. Speeches and yells filled the
room for some time after the meal
was over.
After dinner the business men of
the town brought out their automo
biles and gave all club members and
visitors a tour over the New Dixie
Highway aouth of Mt. Vernon. The
rain did not interfere with the pro
gram. In the afternoon the County Club
Committee met In the County Agent's
office at the Bank of Mt. Vernon and
Southern Agriculturist
NASHVILLE, TENN.
The Giant of the South
Itt immense popularity is dus not only to
the fact that every line in it i written for South
ern farm families by men and women who
know and appreciate Southern conditions, but
to the practically unlimited personal service
that is given to subscribers without charge.
Every year we answer thousands of ques
tions on hundreds of different subjectsall
without charge. When you become a sub
scriber this invaluable personal service is
yours. That is one reason why we have
375,000 Circulation
voiced closer cooperation along the,,na w"" t,u' "nu "ly mu ""
line of County Agency work,
The County Board of Education is
ward in every way to make happy
Mt. Vernon
money besides with which they may
go to school or do anything they nay
want to.
Some people might think there's
no use in keeping a record of your
summer's work, or in letting the
boys and girls have the proceeds of
what they work for. That's just
where the trouble lies, if we didn't
keep a record of our work, and care
for our project, and in the end get
the proceeds, how would we know
how much we had gained? How
could we see where our work had
gone. The reason why so many boys
and girls are leaving the farm is be
cause they never belonged to a club,
and because the chicken that was
mine became maw's hen, and the calf
that was mine became paw's cow.
I have heard older boys and girls
say that one of the bitterest disap
pointments of their young lives was
when they were given calves or lambs
and felt so proud because they were
owners of them and worked with
them feeding and training them, then
if a stock buyer came along and of
fered their father a certain price,
away would go the pets and into his
pocket the money; so they soon learn
ed as the funny paper says, "it
doesn't mean anything." But now,
thank goodness, their parents and
mine are growing older and wiser aa
the Bible says people shall be; the
club work has been introduced to
them and I am getting the benefit of
it because I have a flock of Rhode
Island Reds to call my own.
In our club we not only work but
have a good time too, and the boys
and girls that work the hardest are
usually the ones that get the benefit
of the best times.
Last summer I went to m club
camp, which lasted all week; they
had good teachers and instructors
from best achoola to fiva lecturaa;
in morning we listened to lectures
and in the afternoon and evening
we played Karnes.
If you will let your bys and girls
join the rlub you will find you will
art more work out of them.
' Our club work is growing better
every year. We have around 600
member this year, whereas last year
we only had 476. Thlrty-eix complet
ed the work in 1920; in 1921, 12(5
Our clubs did a business of around
I and girls a chance to accomplish
something that really is worth
hile
that they may become better citizens.
"Here's to the club girls and boys
too.
Won't you help us to be true?
Give us a chance to show you what
we can do;
For we all stand for the Red, White
and Blue."
CINCINNATI MARKETS
Hay and Grain
Own No. 1 whit 1&Tle: Nv
while tSf7oY: No. 4 white trrCMHc;!
No. 2 yellow t. 7r; N 4 yellow 60 '
07r; No. 2 mixed tfTtrtWc.
Wheat No. 2 red l.4f 1.46; No. 3
Sll.1tfl.44; No. 4 ll.Htfl 40.
hUs No. 2 white 4.i4.Hie; No.
3 41042c; No. 2 mixed :UH40ttc;
No. 3 limed 37 Wir.'iNHc
Butter, Eggs and Poultry
It utter Whole milk creamy extras ,
toW; ci-ntr.iliied e it nut ,T7r; firsts 31c; I
fancy uairy 2Tm j
P.ggs Kxtra hrsta 24c; Art. 23c;'
ordinary firsts 22c. j
Live Poultry Broilers l Ijs and;
over .Ml j' .Vic; fvwl 4 lha anil over 2Tpc;
uuiler 4 lbs 2-'k'; roosters Itfc.
Live Stock
Cattle steers, gitod to choke ST.jO
iti; fair to good iJ)it'.:) coin-
uiun to .'air M; heifers, good ta
choir $7X.50; fair to good $rtiy7;
common to fair rows
good to choice $-. 25 : rainier $2
02..a); stock steers tXM'ifT ; stork
heifers $4 Vtf.Y.iO.
Calves 4,ihmI to choice J'.i "a)' lil.OO;
fair to good 7ir'...; common uud
Urge .-....
iSlie'j ;.nil t choice i'.totyH; fair
to good l.."0ir7.r; comm. hi $Jii.'l;
lambs good to choice $l7'yl7..S); fair
to g'fcij $11 K I"
Hogs Heavy $1ii7."; choice packers
and butchers $1')7."; medium $tU7;
common to choice heavy fat sows $7 1
U.io, i'KOi saqqieni tiu.i.i; pia
(110 pounds aud lew) $7 V 10.25.
ADDING INSULT TO INJURY
till. It Must Be Admitted That Thief
Had Logic of the Matter an
Hia Side.
A man was charged In Glasgow with
stealing a herring-barrel. After the
charge had been proved the accuser
addressed the magistrate:
"'Deed. Sir Bailie, the man at the
bar is a great rogue; the stealing o'
the barrel la noethlug to aome of his
tricks. He stole my sign board last
week, and what doe your honor think
be did with Itr
"That would be hard fir me to eay."
replied the magistrate.
"Weel. sir." aald the witness. 'Til
tell ye. He brought It Into tuy aln
shop, wl' my aln name on It. an' offered
to sell It to me. aa be aald he thought
It would be o uialr use to ma thaa
anybody else."
Unusual Opportunity
for Progressive Business Man
To enter the Automobile Business
U, The line includes two cart favorably known
all over the world.
H, The Overland is the most comfortable,
economical low priced car in the country.
The Willys-Knight offers luxurious motoring
at a medium price.
L The two lines at present prices directly
appeal to the largest field of prospective
purchasers.
C The right type of business man, with or.
ganizing ability and moderate capital, will
find this an unusual opportunity to estab
lish a permanently growing profitable
business
WILLYS-OVERLAND, Inc.
Salt Dtvition, Toerfo, OAa
Efftovn imtroiui wnjuunofui
SundaySchool
Lesson
(Mr rk .
Tsartiar mt rnlih Hible In In Mood?
Bbl. Institute of rtilraaa I
Ooprtki, Itil. W..r wwpit Tai
LESSON FOR MAY U
HEZEKIAH LEADS HIS PEOPLE
BACK TO GOO
I.HH TKXT - II t'hr.m. I T7
nl.lr.N TKXT -O.m la rrlcn an
aiorrlful. and will mil turn away Hia tv
from rou If r return unto Him
II I'hrnn
RKKTRIWr MTKIU U.-tl Chrnn
je-U M 9 Amo 1 it
PRIMARt TOIMt'-A. Kln Whe Wor
hlpa.1 Clod
JI'NIOR nH'IC. - tlrtakiah'a Orat
Paoanvar
INTICRlltil ATW NH SKNIOH TUMi'
-Putting Reiiemn Ktrnt
TOfNO prort.K NI AIM'l.T TOI'H"
-VUla Mthtda of Krform
I. Hetakiah Proclaims a Pasaevee
T t IS).
The way fir a ainnlng and divided
people to gH back to 0mI and be
nnlted. Is around the inicMed lrd
1. The Invitation Was Iti-presenta
tlve of the Nation (. 2a). The kl".g
took counsel with the prttii-ee ami the
wMigregation to show that the proc
lamation waa the expretalin of the
mitlon a desire.
2. The Time Was I'niisiml (w. 2b-4).
Tliere waa not aufflcbHit time to
aanctlfjr the people, uor to gather them
togetiier at the regular time, ao tliey
remtlvnl Inatead of positioning It fur
a year to hold If mi the fourteenth day
of the aetiHid month. Tina llliertv
had been granted In-fiH- In an exi
gency (Num. 9:6 1.1). Thla tleiihilll.v
with refertsitv to the holding of tlie
latsaover shows thai God's ordinance
were made for mail and not man for
the ordinance.
3. The 4sip of the Invitation (vv.
VM). It im-ludel all of ImiIIi natlms
who would come to keep the passoter
to the Lord tiod of Israel. "Inrael" la
now uned to ItH'luile both kuigd'Hiis.
The eff.M-t waa to win hack the nation
which hail seceded. The p. nits who
were immi! with the message were an
thoriioil to auptleiueiit the prtx-lauiu
Umi with urgent exhortation to join
as a united nation. This urgent Invi
tation was tactfully put as follow:
(I) It touched ancestral meiiKiri
'Tuni again unto the I tio.1 of
Ahrahatn, Isaac and Isratil" (v. 6).
Kth klngibmia had a common ance
try- (-) Ks-etit hitler enmrletn-e- -"lie
not like your father, and breth
ren, who trotiwaM-d against tlie Lord
IhmI, and were given up to deaolatliMi.
aa ye see" (v. 7). Ttil waa a deli
cate subject, hut their rulu was so
marked that such truth could Im
prvfwetl. (3) Yeanilng for citlv
kinsfolk --"your brethren aud children
shall find coinpHsalou lHfore their
ciiplors" (v. ) (4) The Instinct of
aelf preaTvatlon "So that they shall
come again Into thla land" (v. V). O)
The forgiving mercy of (lod (v. W).
UihI will not tuni any sincere seeker
away from Him. "Ilttu that roiuefh
unto Me I will In uo wise caat out"
(Jolm :i7).
4. Israels Itecefitlon of the Invltw
tl.xi (vv. ll12). This Invitation In
Israel met a mlngtnd rerenloti. (1)
Home mocked. Tha urgent and sin
cere Invitation only excited itppoalllon
and ridicule. (- Sotne with liumbl
hearts came to Jeruaalent. Thla Is
evor the rasa. Tlie gospel Is a savur
vf life unto life aud death unto death.
II. The Paasever Kept (vv. 13 27).
1. Altars Itwmoved (vv. 1.1. 14). In
tha tlum of Ahat (ch. 2:24). theae
heatheu altars wre wnxted io Jeru
aalwiu. Refore there coald lie worship
of the true Ood all theee trace of
Idolatry muat he ramoved. This act
of tb people waa voluntary, and ahowrs
tbat a right spirit actuated thm.
X. Tba Pasaover Killed (v. 13).
& Ilia Prleat and Ivltea Aahamad
(vv. 1.V20). Tha sewl of tb peopl
put ta ahanie tha prlewta aud lvltaa.
They were stimulated to perform their
dutlea according to the law of Ood
a, gv"" . siiiaea. . They evan .took
HOME DEPARTMENT
Conducted by the Home Econorrlica Department of Berea College
BUTTER MAKING
The first essential to (rood butter
Is rood, clean milk. The proper at
tention having; heen given to the pro
duction of clean milk, the next step
is the separating of the cream from
the milk. A cream separator is a
(Treat help in this matter, as with it
a higher percent of cream can be re.
moved from the milk than by the
shallow-pan method.
In rase a separator Is used, great
rare should he taken to keep it in a
sanitary condition. It should he
thouroiighly cleaned immediately af
ter each time it ia used, and then
sterilized with boiling; water. The
cream should be cooled as soon after
separating; as possible hy setting in
cold water (ice water is best).
If, instead of using; a separator,
the milk is strained into pans or into
a large container, it should also be
quickly cooled in the same manner.
The quick cooling causes the cream
to rise more quickly and completely
than when the temperature is warm
er. Another advantage of the quick
cooling is that the cream ran be
skimmed off before fresh, sweet flav
or has been lost.
The cream should he kept at a low
teniierature (hy setting in cold wat
er) until about 12 hours before
churning. In order that the cream
may ripen uniformly it should then
II be placed in one receptacle and
warmed slowly to a temperature of
from 6 degrees to 75 degrees F.
(ordinary room temperature). It
should be stirred frequently, and
rare should be taken to keep it with,
in these temperatures until it thick
ens, assumes a gloasy appearance,
ami is mildly sour, when it should
le cooled quickly to churning temp-j
crature. This should be such that
(I) the churning will require from
0 to 40 minutes, and (2) the butter
granules will be firm without being
hard. The best temperature is usu
ally from 52 degrees to 60 degrees
F. in summer and from M tiegrees
to fifi degree F. in winter. It annul I
be kept at this temperature for about
charge of the k II i' 1 1 of tlie maover.
llM"e many of the ofni-er were not
aiictllled " as to render this aervd-e
for ttieinelve. Ttamgh uiirepred
ceremonially yet they look art In
this moat wi-red service and were ac-i-epted
aa won4iliera through the In
teri'emloii of lleiekiah. Hod ai-,-eite
the punBIe f heart rather thiin the
letter of the law.
4 The ITalse of (Had Hearts (vv
21. ). They cotillniieil aeven days
with gladness: (I) Tlie I.evlte and
prieNt aang tlod a praise dally mi loud
Instruments (v. '.'1). (2) llex.-klah'a
oiiin fort lug words to the l.exltes (
22). He commended them ami their
teaching of the knowledge of (i.id.
(H) They ma'le coiifenalon of their
Bins to ll.al (v. r.').
S. The I'assover I'roloiigi-d Seven
!ny (vv. 23 U7). The king's olijet
Id prolonging the feast waa to make
a lasting an imprvaalim as pailile,
so aa to result In the thorough coo
version of their aauls to iol.
Holy Cemmunien.
In the hoiy communion we plead the
great sacrifice which ran never be re
peated. Aa Jiea-ph'a brethren held up
the blood si allied coat before their fa
ther to tell hlin In a touching way that
Joseph waa dead, so In the holy com
niunlon we hold up aa It were tha
blood st Mined coat before the Father
In heaven. The Hlshiaji of London.
The Wlckd Fle.
The wicked flee when no man pur
sue! h ; but the righteous are bold aa a
Uon. Proverb 2S.
ttr Condition In Indiana.
That the unemployment condition
throughout repreaentatlve cltle of In
diana la conalantly on the mend waa
ahown In a report for the laat of
March made public by Kvana Woollen,
regional director for Indiana of the
President's conference on unemploy
ment. In aome place It was rejiorted
there are Indications that Industry la
ever resuming Its prewar stride. Nota
ble In thla rlaaa Is aluncle.
Injunction Stop Labor Building.
An Injunction restraining the trus
tee of the Maintenance of Way Em
ployee and Hallway Shop Laborer
from going oa with any building
project waa granted at Detroit by
Prealdlng Judge Ira W. Jtynes at the
request of Harry Hemingway of Mle
noa and a number of other plaintiffs.
Arbitrator SUduc Wag.
A 1-1 wag rut for about 2.100 mem
ber of the Franklin f eeder and A
lstants Union No. 4, who have been
paid I'tU.ttA for a forty-four hour
week, and a 11 rut for MS) Junior
members, paid at the rat of I24.D0
week, waa announced at Chicago by
board of arbitration.
Farm Ntw Political Alliance.
A political alllanc between tha
North Carolina Farmers' I'nion, tha
North Carolina Federation of Labor,
and tha North Carolina dlvlaloa of tha
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen
aad Knglneera was foriud at a coo
fervor betwuen leader of the three
org anlsatloos.
two hours before rhurning in order
to give to the butter the desired
firmness. (,reat rare should be tak
en to prevent the cream from becom.
ing too sour aa it destroys the sweet
flavor of the butter and makes it
more likely to turn rancid.
The churn should be thoroughly
cleaned before using. It should be
rinsed with scalding water, then
thoroughly rinsed and chilled with
j colli water. The butter bowl, ladels
and paddles, etc., should be treated
in a similar way and placed in a
pan of cold water until needed.
The churn should be filled not more
than one-third full. When too full
the time required for churning is
usually longer. It is best to pour
the cream into the churn through a
I strainer to remove posnible lumps or
curd particles or any foreign matter.
The churn should be run at the rate
producing the greatest concussion,
w1kh can usually be determined by
the sound. When the butter gran
ules are the size of whest kernels
the churn should he stopped and the
buttermilk drained off. The butter
in the granular condition should then
he wa-hed twice with pure water at
j the same temperature as the butter
milk. It is essier and better to wash
the buttermilk out than to work it
out, as in the first method the but
termilk is more thoroughly removed
than by the second method. Fur
thermore, much working of the but
ter tends to give it a salvy consist
ency which is undesirable.
The butter may then be removed
from the churn and salt added at
about the rate of It-4 oi. to I h. of
butter. It ahould next be carefully
worked (by pressing rather than
smearing) until the salt is evenlr
distributed and a solid smooth body
is formed. If the salt is not worked
in evenly, the color will be streaked
or mottled. The butter is now ready
to lie made in'o a roll, or moulded.
The best butter has a firm Waxy
body, a bright appearance, and, when
a slab is broken, a grain like broken
steel. When eaten it seems to melt
quickly in the mouth
AMERICAN SQUIRRELS
londom-r cotiipuin Unit America
grn- squirrels imirted to ravurt
nboiit their big city parks ar.' making
OuUancea of themselves. It aeema
they have ui;l dispositions, not taking
kindly to their new huhltat and ar
driving the native red aquirrela out.
We have no apology to offer for tha
aquirrela' bud behavior, but It la Just
(HHiHllile that they liHe taken on them
selves the itillgatlon of repaying to the
Kngllsh the debt this country owe on
account of the Kngllsh sparrow. No
one would condone unseemly conduit
nn the part of theae transplanted
Anierlcuns. even though they are ther
against their will and doubtless reaent
being sent off to another continent.
They should act like gentlemanly and
ladylike squirrel and. Involuntary ex
patriate though they are. owidiict
themselves as loyal Krlttshera. There
la only one point In the London proteet
that sounds ausplcloiia. In thla country
the gray squirrel doe not war on tha
smaller red squirrel with any aucceaa
If he wars on him at all. la fact, the
red Is rather more than a match for
the gray In angulnary contests, says
the Cleveland I'lnin leuler. Perhaps
the red aquirrela In London have an
exiiggcrated notion of the Invader'
pugnuclty, having heard of aome of the
exploits of Americana on the western
hat tie front.
An Expert
Writes:
"I used to be called
a poor cook, and
nerer ptetended to
bake a cake worthy
of praise, but now
I am called the)
championcake baker
of my community,
thanks to the Royal
Baking Powder."
Mrs. R. W. P.
ROYAL
Baking Powder
Absolutely Pure
Contains No Alum
Leaves No Bitter Taste
Smd for Mm ftoyW Coo Bow
it ' FREE. Royal Baking Pw.
brCwUWUIiaaB3tJtwYk

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