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The citizen. (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, August 03, 1922, Image 7

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A u (runt 3, 1022
THE CITIZEN
THE TOl'R OF EASTERN
KENTUCKY
By M. E. Vaughn
Late Sunday afternoon, July the
sixteenth, we boarded the train at
Whitesburg for Hazard. The trip
was an ordinary railroad journey on
an accommodation train which atop
ped at every wide place in the road,
the kind of train that renders serv
Ire to people living in village atorfg
the way. A railroad trip is ao com
monplare that I would not mention it
were it not for an incident that oc
curred on the journey. When the
train Mopped at Cornrttsvilte, a little
mining- camp some ten mllea above
Hazard, a deputy sheriff, leading a
man, entered. The man being Ted
presented a very ruffled and untidy
appearance. A slouch hnt wan pnl!
ed over hi eyea and both his shirt
sleeves were hanging in nhred. A
man sitting across the aisle from tin
went back to avert a in the trouble
from the deputy nheriff. He return
ed and reported that the man had
just killed another few minute
before the train arrived. Two men
fell to disputing over a trival mat
ter and their heated argument
brought blow. Finally, In the fist
fight, one man put the better of the
other. The man who received tho
worst end of the tussle immediately,
upon being relieved by bystanders,
methodically and painstskingly walk
ed to hia home, secured a revolver
(so the report wan) and shot thi
ther man thru the heart. ! know
nothing about the merits of the cane,
, nor the one upon whom the blame for
the trouble must be placed, but I do
know that the one deterrent of prog
ress in the mountains is the promisc
uous use of revolvers. I talked the
matter over with friends in the
mountains, and all agreed that tN
greatest sin in the mountains is
"pistol tting. Something must be
done, and it ia up to those of ua who
re interested in mountain affairs to
get busy on the subject. We must
remove the stigma of killing, whole
sale manalaughter, from the moun
tains. Feople with quick tempers
should be prohibited by law from
owning firearms under any condition
whatever. That ia not only my opin
ion, but it ia the opinion of ninety
percent of the best citizens of the
mountains.
The night was spent in Hazard,
the metropolis of the upper Kentucky
River Hazard, where business lots
are selling for a thousand dollars a
front foot! Hazard, the coal capital
of Eastern Kentucky. At this point
our party separated, President
Hutrhins and Dr. Trawirk going to
Hindman, while I continued my Jour
ney by train to Morgan county, where
I took a horseback journey to Sal
yersville. At Salyersville I found
an oil bo m on. The hotel was
crowded with oil prospectors and
drillrs; oil was being discovered
every day and men becoming rich.
The field is neither large nor inex
haustive, but oil is easily obtained
and money easily made while it lasts.
My mission to Salyersville waa to
inspect the summer school for the
State Department of Education. I
found Berea graduate, Harlan
Muntz, instructing in the school.
Many of the students had been in
Berea. I always feel at home in Ma
goffin county, the home of the Fair
rhilds, of the riclesimers, of Noah
May and of Wellington Patrick. 1
mention these people, not because
they are the only students who have
come from Magoffin county to Berea,
but because they are outstanding
students who are known to a great
many more people than some of the
younger ones.
I returned from Salyersville to
Morgan county, where I inspected the
summer school of West Liberty, and
to wy aurprise, found John Branson,
another Berea student, in charge.
During my visit to West Liberty we
got the organization for the Better
County Campaign under way. and
from the enthusiasm exhibited by the
leaders of the county I am justified
in believing that Morgan county is
going forward this year in a manner
unequaled in its past history. All
the committees were appointed and
the county leaders chosen. The Hon
orable Walter Gardner, whose family
lives in Berea, waa made county
chairman. Morgan county has enter
ed the fight with a vim.
When I returned to Jackson, the
county seat of fabled "bloody Breath
itt," I found that President Hutch
ins and Dr. Trawick had returned
from their strenuous horseback jour
ney ir Knott county. During our
stay in Breathitt we saw the closing
exercises of the summer school; we
had the delightful experience of not
ing that the majority of the students
in that school were Berea trained
people, that the county superintend
ent, Fallen Campbell, was a former
Berea student, and that the county
agent, K. V. TroKper, is a Berea
graduate,' We also attended a "Good
Roads" Conference, where representa
tives from Lexington to Whitesburg
met to inaugurate plans for building
a highway from Lexington to Vir
ginia up the Kentucky River valley.
The spirit of this conference was in
direct keeping with the principle of
our Better County Campaign, and the
president of the good roads associa
tion insisted that we present the Bet
ter County Campaign as a subject
pertinent to the question Immediately
under discussion.
Our next visit waa to Riverside,
seven miles above Jackson, where a
mission school is being conducted un
der the auspices of the Brethern
Church. We were very hospitably
entertained over night in the home
of our students, Andrew and Abner
Russell. It is like going back to the
myths and stories of the pioneers of
our country to talk with Mr. Russell,
a man who has spent forty years in
the mountains where his best mode
of transportation was a freight bout
pushed by hand down the Kentucky
River and brought back in the same
manner filled with goods. Those of
us who are living under modern con
ditions and are enjoying the conve
niences of the twentieth century lit
tie appreciate the hardships and the
deprivations suffered by the hardv
pioneers who made the western clvi
lization.
With the visit at the home of the
Rustells and an agricultural club
meeting at Riverside, we closed our
tour of the mountains and boarded
the train for Lexington. Few of us
realize what a vast area the moun
tains of Kentucky is. There are thirty
eight counties in number, many of
them the largest in Kentucky, sepa
rated by mountain barriers and
threaded by precipitous streams,
These mountains and valleys are
there, a part of our great common
wealth and the home of hundreds of
thousands of native American citl
zens.
A LETTER FROM GEORGIA
Rlue Ridge, Ga.,
To the Editor of The Citizen, Berea.
Ky..
Dear Sir:
Being a worker for Berea College
and having at heart the welfare of
humanfty and especially the laboring
class of the mountain people, I am
writing this to give first hand infor
mation relative to our mountain
brother of Georgia, his advantages
and some of the evils which he has
to combat.
First the people, as I estimate, are
ninety-eight percent purest Cauca
sian, highly Christian, but on ac
count of lack of educational advan
tages, their scholarship is low.
Much the greater part of the peo
ple own their own homes, usually
thirty to several hundred acres of
poor hilly land rated at about ten
dollars per acre. The branch and
creek bottom, which are very scarce,
are worth much more. The house
are seldom painted, but the furni
ture, bedding and other linen ex
tremely clean. And as to their gen
erosity to strangers, they take sec
ond place to none. They are much
accused of being "moonshiners." but
during the week I have spent in Fan
nin county, traveling over qu'te a
wide territory, I have neither seen
nor smelt a drop of whisky, nor have
I seen any one under its Influence.
Many whom I have met are de
lighted with the invitation to Berea
College, and are preparing to take
advantage of its opportunities. So
we may expect more Georgians in
our school than ever before.
Soil is thin, but well tilled with
bull-tongue and double shovel plow.
In fact, I find the cornfields free
from weeds and grass. This ia due
tn that viiritrtma iiaA r. t ku f
have seen nothing to equal the care !
i
of crops in my thirteen years travel
ing among the southern mountains.
Timlier it of poor quality, and few
saw-mills are in operation. In fact,
they are not much needed. As
to'
valuable minerals, they seem to bej
scarce. However, there ia some
iron; indication! vof gold, zinc, and
valuable clays.
This is a poor stock country; how
ever, good milk and butter is plen-1
tiful. This is obtained from "grade" j
cows, many oi wnicn graze on the
"commons," of which there are thou
sands of acres in Fannin county. I
have not seen a purebred cow, horse,
or heep during a week's travel.
There seems to be mora Inter.
et In hogs than in any oth-'
er livestock. The "scrub ox" is1
nilli.h IIM...I A AM.I ....11 I
therefore -the interest in horses 's
very little.
There is abundance of apples, puru
water and fresh air.
Chickens and (orgs is one of the
principal sources of the farmer's
supplies outside of what is grown
on the farm. And many boyi and
girls go away from borne to earn
money.
FasMoi
SBra
Exclusive But Not Expensive
(Incorporated) Sexton Bid., Main St., Richmond, Kv.
Ladies, this is your chance of a Life Time. Are you a believer in sav
ing money if so, attend the greatest sale ever recorded in the Mer
chandise History of Richmond.
Stupendous Summer Clearance Sale
All Berea and Vicinity Are Invited to Join in this Great Bargain Event
Sweaters
All Wool Tuxedo Mode Sweaters, all colors $3.75
Ice Yarn Sweaters Tuxedo and Slipovers., 4.95 to 9.73
100 High Grade Silk Tricolette Sweaters.. 5.95
f0 Good Looking Silk Sweaters 4.95
r0 Beautiful Black and Navy Stout Size Sweaters.... 9.75
25 Beautiful Silk Sweaters, I'astel shades, choice 4.95
Coats
25 Beautiful Sport Coats of Polo Cloth
25 Beautiful Sport Coats, values up to $27.50.
15 Handsome Wrappy Effect Coats, values
up to $.19.50
15 Handsome Wrappy Effect Coats, values
up to $fi9.f0 ,
All Wool Jersey Sport Model Coats
Beautiful Sport Coats of Imported Flannel
25 Stout Size Coats, navy and black only
9.73
12.75
19.75
35.00
5.95
12.75
19.75
Waists
Voile Waists $1.15
Organdie Wairt 1.00
Beautiful Voile Waists, regular $3 values 1.93
Beautiful Voile Waist, (one to a customer) .93
Hand Made Voile Waists, $12.75 value 8.50 to 9.75
Hand Made Voile Waists, regular values $4.95
to $14.50, choice 2.95 to 8.95
Pure Silk Crepe de Chine Over Blouses 4.95
Pure Silk Crepe de Chine Over Blouse 5.95
Pongee Over Blouses 1.95
Pongee Waists, regular $5 values 2.95
100 High Grade Georgette Over Blouses, choice 3.95
Bathing Suits
Wonderful values at $3.50, $4.73 and up to $6.95
FREE Bathing Cap Free with Every Bathing Suit.
Suits for Women and Misses
All Wool Jersey Suits $ 7.93
Finest Tweed Suits in the house 10.00
All Wool Jersey Suits for Stouts 14.75
All Wool Tricotine Suits, silk lined, values up to $35.. 19.75
All Wool Tricotine Suits, silk lined, tailored -
and fancy models 29.50
Choice our Finest Tailored Suits, values
up to $69.50 39JJO
Money Back if Not Satisfactory
Goods Exchanged. Alterations Free, Delivery Within 50
Miles Free of Charge
Middy Blouses
$1.50 Middy Blouses" 95
Middy Suits
$fl.00 Middy Suits
$5.50 Middy Suits
$5.00 Children's Middy Suits
..$3.95
.. 3.50
,. 3.95
Special Prices on Other Items such as Jersey Sport Coats,
Sweater, Tricolette Over Blouses, etc.
Underskirts
Black Sateen Underskirts
Fine Grade Heatherbloom
Extra Offering, Pure Silk Jersey Underskirts .
White Wash Silk Underskirts
Extra Guaranteed Quality Sateen Underskirts.
Messaline Satin Underskirts, all colors
.$1.35
. 1.45
. 2.95
. 2.95
. 1.75
. 2.95
Skirts
Silk Crepe Shirts, regular $14.50 values 5.95
Combination Colored Shirts of Canton Crepe S.95
Baronet Satin Skirts, in black, navy, white, gray 5.95
Regular $9 White Gaberdine Wash Skirts 5.75
Regular $7.60 White Gaberdine Wash Skirts 4.75
Fancy Silk Skirts, choice ; 395
All Wool Prunella Skirts 4.95
Best Grade Fancy Plaid and Striped Skirts, choice.. 9.75
Hosiery
$5.00 Silk Hose $3.95
$4.00 Silk Hose 2.95
$3.50 Silk Hose 2.75
$3.00 Silk Hose 2.25
$2.50 Silk Hose 1.75
$2.00 Silk Hose 1.25
$1.50 Silk Hose 1.00
$1.25 Silk Hose 85
$1.00 Silk Hose .65
Dresses
Party Dresses, all shades, regular $59.50 values.
25 Beautiful Canton Crepe Dresses
60 Beautiful Pongee Dresses
25 Handsome Wool Cotton Crepe Dresses
25 Canton Crepe Dresses
25 High Grade Dresse
Solid White Canton Crepe Dresses
Imported Hand Made Dresses
White Organdie Dresses
Navy Black Canton Crepe Dresses
Linen Evening Dresses, latest styles
Evening Dresses
$19.75
. 12.75
. 8.75
. 10.00
. 9.75
. 19.75
. 16.75
. 10.00
. 10.00
. 19.75
. 10.00
. 16.75
Millinery Millinery
300 HATS MUST BE SOLD IN THIS SALE REGARDLESS
OF COST
300 Women Will Be Made Happy
$14.50 Hats for $1.95
Choice Any Solid White Hat, values $9.50
to $18.50, chsTt-e
Choice Satin and Taffetta Sport Hats.
Ribbon Sport Hats
Choice Any Sailor Hat in the House .
Any Sport Hat in the House
4.45
3.75
1.95
1.00
1.93
FRIDAY, SATURDAY an MONDAY
Will be the Banner Shopping Days of This Stupendous Summer Clearance Sale
Th) mountains of Georgia need
good teachers, skilled laborers, and
especially teachers of home arts, as
badly as any section of the southern
mountains fur whose benefits Berea
College was established. ,
Jas. C. Bowman,
Extension Worker,
Berea College
TIM 13 WASTLK.S
TW1K gentleman who cullies luto
jour ottlcv, when lie kuowe you
are Iun-, and sits dowu for a frtcud
ly little chut, must be got rid of.
If he Is Intelligent, you can get
rid of liun without hurting his feelings.
If he Is stupid. It will be uveury
to hurt his feelings.
Hut get rtd of him you urn!,
whether his feelings are hurt or not.
Efficiency experts could figure, ao
doubt, that many thousands of work
big hours ye to waste every year be
cause busy people are too good Ma
tured to luvlle Idlers to get out of
their utllces.
'Most of the precautions taken by the
"hard to get to" buNlnese men are not
due to their haughtiness, but to their
knowledge of the value of time.
If every small business man could
surround himself with Inner aud outer
guards, to keep pedis from bothering
him, he might soon cease to be a small
business mau, and become a big oue.
In most offices the clerical force
and the general employees are uot to
he seeu during business hours. It re
quire a very Intrusive person to get
by the boys at the gute.
But the boos or the manager has
always some friend he hates to of
fend who will drop In during busi
ness hours, and consume several dol
lars' worth of time without a blush.
The victim of the gent leineu would
far rather they would come to his
house uninvited, and consume bis
food uninvited, than to come uninvited
to his ottlce, ami consume Ida luiwt
valuable commodity which is time.
It may be that you are oue of those
who will lean back In your chair and
listen to business hour visitors who
bring 110 buslneks to talk about, rather
thau ask them to call out of business
hours. If you are, break yourself of
the habit.
Ikm't depend on signs saying, "This
Is My Busy Day," or "Five Minutes
Is Long Enough for One Conversa
tion." They never take those to them
selves. Tell them as kindly as you ran that
you Ve busy, and ask them to go.
If they get offended, their friendship
la not worth having.
And If you happen to be one of the
time wasters well, break yourself of
the habit, before your feelings are
hurt.
ON THE recommendation of Sen
ators Mi'Klntey and MoCoruilck
and the Illinois Bur association, Pres
ide ut Harding hus named James II.
Wilkersou of Chicago to be federal
Judge 6f the northern district of Illi
nois to succeed Judge Landls. Mr.
Wilkersou has bsd a long earner as
county attorney, member of the Illi
nois legislature, assistant and later
United States district attorney and
asslstaut to Attorney Ueueral Bran,
dage of Illinois.
FLLfr ILL1NO predictions, the confer
ence at The Hague has come to an
end without results, ltusslun dele
gutce,, after all tlielr stubbornness and
after refusal to meet with a com
mittee, at a plenary session went ao
fur as to offer to submit proposals to
Moscow under which the bolshevlkl
would agree to recognize debts to for
eign nationals as well a to furnish
satisfactory compensation for seised
property through private negotiations,
regardless of whether or not credits
were received. But they spoiled
all this by notifying the British dele
gates that the soviet government
would expect Immediate de Jure recog
ullloii. luiuiedlulely thereafter the
allies aud ueutrals adopted a re soli
tlon detlnltely euding the conference.
The allies aud neutrals, finding
all thoughts of a general agreement
with KuxnIu futile, did nut see any use
In risking a breuk among themselves,
but each reserved the right to resume
sepurute negotiations with Itussla
after The llugue conference. Lib
vluoff, head of the soviet delegutlun,
said: "Hubble will attend no mure
conferences. Genoa and The Hague
huve been enough for us."
!
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