Newspaper Page Text
August 10, 1923
THE CITIZEN THE CITIZEN A aon-partisan family newspaper puMishad every Thersday y BEREA PUBLISHING CO. (Incorporates) MAMIUUi. E. VAtlAHM. tdltar JAMES M. RnNRARDT, Maasatnt Ultar EnMr4 at law hiIi a iia, r ., a w ctaM insll smmot. Omi UB8CKimoN MTU i P.Ms di aialka H easts; tkrwj SMMhs, M emu. PsraMt la sswnf . fwlaa ASvertistn HwrsMMattrs. Tit Aawrfeaa f rrw AwkUni. County Achievement Contest The County Achievement Contest that ia being launched in Eastern Kentucky thru the Extension Department of Berea Col lege and supported by Judge Bingham, of the Courier-Journal, tt taking on very unusual proportion!. The achievement committee that haa been working aince last fall on the program has about completed the work. The combined wisdom of all the teachers of Berea College whose work ia related in any way to the depart ments of this content haa been sought and used in the fullest measure. The committee is composed of the following people: Secretary Vaughn, Superintendent of Extension; Professor Dix, Social Service; Dean McAllister, Education; Professor Clark, Ag riculture; Robert Spenee, Agriculture and Club Work; Miss Dis ney, Home Science; Miss Corwin, Librarian and Education; Mrs. Ridgeway, Library Extension, and Rev. Howard Hudson, Churches and Sunday-schools. Before the close of the spring term this committee met regu larly and worked faithfully on the entire program. Special men tion should be given to Professor Dix for the work he has done on many of the subjects included in the contest. His work In con nection with the social service program of the Red Cross and his connection with the health department put him in direct line with the purposes of the contest. We are also indebted to the active Interest of the State De partment of Education. The Superintendent of Extension has mad a trip to Frankfort, and representatives of the State De partment of Education have been to Rerea three times to discuss the details of the program. The State Superintendent says it is the largest program that has ever been undertaken in the State. Tha Courier-Journal, which is very liberal in its prises of $5,000 to the winning counties, has given a great deal of space to the contest and is planning to give more. The Agricultural Extension Department at Lexington has ser.t its representatives to Berea to get details of the contest and have pledged their full support to the movement. Dr. McCormirk of the State Department of Health has endorsed the program of health which has been outlined, so no complications may be looked for in that quarter. The program is so much needed in every county in the State and the subjects so all-inclusive as to lay down a standard of work for the counties for the next twenty-five years. Beginning with the next issue of The Citizen, we will publish the entire plan of the contest. Missouri's Error Unbiased and unprejudiced men of all parties thruout the Uni ted States regret the nomination for re-election of Senator James Teed of Missouri. Senator Reed is admittedly strong in Kansas City and St. Louis where prohibition is the weakest. Senator Reed was disloyal to his country during the war. He has hamper ed his country in the settlement of international Questions since the war. He is the candidate of the liquor interests and the Wets in general in Missouri. He is not the candidate of the Democratic Party for the Sena torship of the State of Missouri. According to the best evidence that can he secured, 40,000 to 60,000 Republicans in the State of Missouri voted for Senator Reed in order to defeat the straight Democratic candidate. The same 50,000 Republicans will vote for Brewster, the Republican nominee, agaist Reed in the final election Senator Reed'a election does not express the will of the citi zens of Missouri because he was elected in a Democratic Primary by a little more than 6,000 majority, while 50,000 Republicans voted in the Primary. His campaign waa the pinnacle of the dis cussion relative to Wilsonism and anti-Wilsonism. They have defi nite recorded information that many precincts in the State of Missouri poled more votes for Senator Reed than there were Dem ocrats in the entire precincts. At the same time Long received a strong vote from the same places. The question arise, "Will the State of Missouri allow the present situation to obtain?" Senator Reed will be defeated. Ha will be defeated in accordance with a regularly worked out plan. Enough Democrats who were for Long will be disgruntled enough to vote against Reed in the final, election, and 50,000 Republicans that voted for Reed will, in the final election, support their regu lar candidate, so that during the next six years Missouri will have a Republican Senator. Senator Reed should be defeated and will be defeated. But the question arises, how much better is Brewster, for he is Wet and has the German Alliance back of him. No Sex War (From the Courier-Journal) From additional wars, in this period of class consciousness and class strife, may Providence deliver us. There is no cause for blighting sorrow in the statement of Miss Anne Martin, returned from England, Germany and Italy, that American women are less militant, with their suffrage privileges, than the women of England and Germany, because they are too much spoiled, petted and flattered to have the feeling of restive ness, or relent lessness which animates the keenly class conscious women of countries in which husbands and fathers are iron-handed rulers of wives and daughters. "Inequalities," Miss Martin is quoted as saying, "are not so flagrant in Anurica that they sting women into 'group action." May it ever be thus. The group action of well-to-do women in America is a move ment toward the railroad stations to buy tickets for points on the seashore or in the mountains when dog days approach. Americans can serenely consider the fact that political activi ties of women in this country will be conducted with a view to the betterment of government, of mental and physical hygiene; the bettermetit of the race rather than upon the principles of the Corsican vendetta or a street fight between London hooligans. The women of Great Britain propose to put 300 women in Par liament. Nearly forty German women tit in the Reichstag, and iire anticipate the pleasure of sitting in the Reichstag, and of rising for revenge upon the male autocrat. Joy to the British .'100 and to the Germany forty. May they wallop the tyrants, domes tic or otherwise, who have stung them into group action. But America will move ahead as a result of teamwork, and not as result rf back-biting across the tongue and kicking at the double tree. Such inequalities as continue to exist, between citizens in long trousers and citizens who wear knickerbockers or short skirts will . be ironed out in America in a friendly way. That is consoling in a peace-loving country. It ia delightfully satisfactory to feel the women in America art not in a man-fighting mood. If the women of Great Britain, and Germany are setting out to do up the eternal enemey, man, what but warfare will be the lesult of their warfare? Prohibition Pointers Point One: There wera moonshiners before Prohibition, tho many seem to have forgotten it. Turning over the files of the Louisville Times, we read of the work of Federal officers in Nelson county: "Tuesday they combed tha Mill Creek section, destroying number of stills. This ia the first time that Federal officers have raided tha Green Briar section since 1909, when n revenue man alone destroyed 38 stills." Moonshining attracted little st ir nt inn in those days because the saloons were so much worse! Official reports showed 400 "blind tigers" in Louisville in 1008! And this was in addition to 903 licensed saloons! Point Two: Tha forging of notes and checks has been a crime for several hundred years. Yet "prohibition does not prohibit" entirely. There are now more than fifty forgers in the peniten tiary of Nebraska, and about as many, or more, in tha peniten tiaries of other states. But wa do not propose to give up the law. but to make it stronger and enforce it better. Point Three: Some of us would like a few actual facts about the effects of prohibition in cities where enforcement is naturally most Incomplete. The societies working for the relief of those In need report a reductfon of 85 per cent in the number of families needing help because of the drunkenness of the wage earner. In particular cities the facta are these for single societies: no one of which, of course, covers the entire city. Families helped Families helped in 1917 in 1921 St Louis 412 23 Chicago 625 61 Boston 984 73 New York 972 196 Tkere Should Be No Non-taxable Bonds Each year the reports upon the Income tax show how the wealthy people of tha country escape bearing their proper share of the burden of taxation by buying non-ttxable bonds. This ia an old abuse, and was made worse by the great sale of Liberty Bonds during the war. Yet the largest part of non taxable bonds arc those of states and cities. Why should not a man pay taxes upon a state, city or U. S. Bond the same as upon other property? The reason given is that by making them free the state, city or U. S. government is able to pay a lower rate of interest. But the really rich people do not seek a high rate of interest ao much as absolute-security, and for the sake of getting that they would pay a higher rate. The whole plan of non-taxable bonds upsets the scheme of tax ation, and makes things easier for the rich and harder for the poor. And there is a Constitutional Amendment on its way which will stop it. As an example of the abuse it appears from the latest income tax reports that the number and amount of large incomes has greatly diminished so far as taxes are concerned because rich peo pie have put more and more of their wealth into these non-taxable bonds. SHOWS GONE BEREA STILL HERE In spite of the prediction of soma people that there would not be a thin dime left m Berea after the two tent shows got out last week, business appears to be running along pretty much after tha sama old fashion and times do not seem to be much harder than before. Our only regret is that we could not attend both shows every night, but since that was impossible, we spent most of the evening under the Heffner-Vinaon tent. This is not meant to be a reflection upon the Williams Stock Company. We un derstand that they put on a good show, and so far as we know, their company is made up of gentlemen and ladies, but we were out for a laugh, and we knew that between "Jimmie" Heffner and Eddie Page we would get it. There have been a few changes in the personnel of the Heffner-Vinson Company since it was here last year, but jvdging from the crowds they drew and the tone of their performance:!, the company is no worse off. Eddie haa improved a great deal in his singing .since last year, and his impromptu wit still lands in the right place. FATAL SHOOTING FOLLOWS ARGUMENT OVER DIVORCE -PROCEEDINGS IN HAZARD HAZARD, Ky., Aug. 5. F. C. Huckaby, 28, today shot and prob- bly fatally wounded Major J. P. Payne, 47, a captain of Baldwin Felts Detective agency, and former major I in tha United States army. The shooting took place in the Wooton Morgan building, where depositions were being taken in the divorce pro ceedings of Huckaby vs. Huckaby, in which the wife of the assailant was 'charged with infidelity. Payne is said to have been assisting the es tranged wife in obtaining a counter petition. KIWAMS The Kiwams Club will hold its next luncheon at Boone Tavern, Sat urday noon, August 12. A commit tee has been appointed to arrange for the proper number of plates, and It is necessary that every member who expects to be present at this luncheon see that his name has been handed in in time to have it placed in the pot before aturday snoon. r CLARK MIZE A romance which started in the Eastern Kentucky Normal School at Richmond some time ago culminated in the marriage, last week, of Mark Clark, of Berea, to Katherine Mize, of Estill county. Shortly after the wedding, which was solomonized at the home of the bride's parents, the bride and groom came to Berea, where they will make their home for awhile. They are the recipients of warmest congratulations from many friends. DINNER PARTY A very delightful occasion la?t week was a dinner party given by Mr. and Mrs. William G. Best at their home on Estill street to a num ber of their friends, Monday evening from 6:30 to 8:30. Those present wera Secretary and Mrs. Vaughn, Mr. and Mix George G. Dick, Mr. and Mrs. James Reinhardt and Mr. and Mrs. Everett Burtt and lit tle son, who are visiting Mr. and Mr. Dick, from Michigan. I)ltF..Ui;n I.L.NINK of Russia has Imh-d killet iiu'iln. tliis time uc tin ding to u Swedish correspondent iu Kigu. Ills aior Is tliut Lenine was poisoned on a train when onjils way to a 1uuchk1iiu Imi tiling resort and lib. body was thrown 'nlo the lllver lion. An accomplice of the aNxusxin Is said to be Impersonal Ing Lenine at the re sort. Soviet onVials say the premier Is In Moscow ii nil nliuiml well. IltlSU FREE STATE officials an nounce t liar their forces are now in control of twelxejounteH but are sirongly oipoMd In I'oncgul, Sllgn, ttHl .tty. Limerick sad Tlppcrary. Waterfurd. Cork, Kerr and Mayo, tliey assert, are In "subjection" to the Irregulars. VYuterford was laken by regulars to aril the close of the week, und In Limerick the rehcla were t-ooied up In the Barracks and Kin: John castle after some heavy tlglitlui: The two assassins of Field Murahal Sir Henry Wilson were tried in I.011 don. convtctetl und sentenced 10 uVutli the cue being handled with a neut ness 11ml dispatch that arouse the envy of those who contemplute the outrageous rlmiiiul court procedure In the t'nlted Stales. TIIK Huvarlan government Is In pen revolt iitrulnst the central ('erinun government at Ilerlln and ha Issued a decree that rejects and sup plants the recent legislation by the relclistag for the defense of the re public. The HavHrlun minister at Berlin wu Instructed to inform Chancellor Wlrth that any outside po lice oftlolal attempting to operate In ItHvnrla would be promptly arrested. Wlrth has culled a conference of all the flernmn stales to consider the problem, ami if Huvarla does not suppress Its new law President Ebert may summon the stHuCgerichtshof, or tribunal of the slat, a, to deal with the case. Chancellor l.ervhonfeld of Ba varia suys ha Is oiMHcd to any sep aratist movement but that bis state will not submit to any abridgement of Its rights. The old enmity betweeu Bavaria and Prussia and the strong monarchist sentiment among the Ba varians make the situation difficult for Berlin. THE PARABLE OP THE PLAIN MAN AND THE TWO CHILDREN By Also Baker Now after that I had dwelt in the city for a few years, and my days were getting somewhat in the "sere and yellow leaf," I looked upon my chil dren and I beheld a goodly son and comely daughter. And I said, Yea, I will send my son to a schoo! and to an university that he may get understanding and become a useful man, and so win distinction in the land of his birth." And he went. And I said, "I will send also my daughter to school that she msy be trained In modesty and usefulness and wisdom." And she went. And after that I had spent much money and paid a multitude of bills, and my son and daughter had been away for four years, they wrote me word of their return. And I sent them money, and said unto my help meet, "Yea, Our children will be here tomorrow. And they will be a staff unto us, and a comfort in our old age. They have sat at the feet of the wise and the worthy , They have gained all the knowledge and wisdom and grace of the schools. They will be an hon or unto us and the envy of our friends and acquaintances." And she said, "It is even so." And she swept and garnished hert house, and made ice cream and baked a pie, and sod pottage, and slew a chicken. And she said, "All things are ready." And on the morrow my son and daughter arrived, and our hearts were lifted up. And we saw them afar off. And my son came smokin? a cigarette with a long handle apper taining thereunto, and a small mus tache sate upon his lip. .And his rai ment was long and slender. And he fpake as one coming up from Afri-a, even as an Ethiopian. And my at ughter's raiment was unspeakable, and she spake as one of the Pilgrin. Fnthers who is and her expres sions were those of a factory girl from Hamilton. And I marveled greatly that my son had associated himself so much with colored people, and had dwelt with them until their speech was his speech. And I marveled also that my daughter should speak as those who e about confessing that their an cestors escaped to America in the Mayflower. But after a little season I ceased to marvel, and I said, "Yea, they are both fools, but doubtless they are right to prefer these silly affectations to their natural manners." And I called the police and sent them to the foolish house, even to the home of the harmless. This parable sheweth that our children do not always bring back what we send them after. " The Fa rm Du reau Movement" A Striking Rook Review br John L. Heaton in the New York Eve ning "World" L'p in the Catskills s young Cornell bile over obstacles that would turn a NeW York taxicab artist pale with ingnt. ne goes everywhere, in eny weather. He rsn give advice on bugs, blights, soil inotula tion. dairy metnons. lie Farm Agent REV. MR. VOGEL MAKES STATE MENT August 9, 1922 - Many inquiries have coma to ma regarding my resignation as pastor of the M. E. Church of this place. In answer to these inquiries I desire to .say that I did resign with the feeling that for many reasons it might be for the good of the cause if I were not to return as pastor for the coming year. However, The Of ficial Board at their last regular meeting voted not to accept the resignation of the pastor. In con currence with their action I have agreed to return for another year and shall be happy to give of my best in the work of the church, the com munity, and the Kingdom. C. E. Vogel SCHOOLS STARTING Truant Officer to See That All Chil dren of School Age Attend This week and last marked th opening of rural schools thruout tin county. In the past the truant officer has had some little trouble herj and there with parents who insisted up on keeping their children at home when they should have been in school. The truant officer, W. A Johnson, wishes it said that he has been authorized to make affidavit for warrant for the arrest of any par- I ent who refuses to send his child to school, in accordance with the pro visions of the compulsory school law. These arrest 1, he says, will be called for without hesitation upon the re- ! port of a toacner that a student is not attending school. THE l.MOX CIU'RCH On Sunday Rev. Lewis Earle Lee, of Cincinnati, will preach in the Parish House, both morning and night On August 30 Rev. Charles M. Bond, of Athens, O., will preach at both services and on August 27 Rev. Jess Halsey, of Cincinnati. All of these ministers are speakers of un usual ability, and the church is for tunate tu secure them. The prayer meeting will be held, us usual, on Thursday night and will be in charge of H. J. Christopher. Down In Washington a otoiid of Sena tors and Representatives, elected by one party or another, disregard party to do the bidding of a new lobby, arisen to power in a single extra session so suddenly that the city public srsreely realizes it. This lobby, to which the Anti-Saloon League is an amateur, recently bumped into Presi dent Harding himself by marshalling the votes of ninety-four Republican Repre sentatives sgainst the lowering of the 50 per cent, surtax on very rich men, which Mr. Harding had recommended. From the modern knight errant in the tamed flivver fighting the modern micro scopic dragons to the great organization in Washington that commands and ve toes legislation is only two short jumps. According to Orville Merton Kile, late Assistant Washington Representative of the American Farm Bureau Federation (that is the new power), in "The Fsrm Bureau Movement" (Macmillanl, the first County Farm Agent in the United StitM nn the rmmt nlan was lohn H. Barron, in Broome County, N. Y. Funds were provided by the Binghamton Cham ber of Commerce, the L'nited States De partment of Agriculture and the Lacka wanna Railroad. Cornell offered scientific guidance. The date was 1911. Now there is s Farm Agent in most of the counties, usually with an assistant or two. Associated with him, but inde pendent, is often a young woman who also drives a wicked motor car up the side of a boulder when necessary, and who can tell the farmers' wives about science ap plied to housekeeping. And let not city people suppose that they despise the Home Bureau's "book larnin'." They do not. Any more than the farmers repel the of fered sid of the agent. He is their man. For behind him is the Farm Bureau organization, local to the county. It in cludes practical farmers. When the World War sucked the l'nited States into its maelstrom, the Farm Bureaus became sources of war strength. It was only when they combined,, first in State and now in a national organization completely represented in every state and with a presi dent who issues orders to Congress that the famous 'bloc" appeared, to which President Harding devoted awe-struck consideration in his message. Mr. Kile describes farmers' movements of the past that have sought power and vanished from sight or, like the Grsnge, have been diverted to sociability. He is cruel enough to point out many demands of those temporary organizations, satir ized then in cities, that have become law. -4. Mu. Bunlatifiit nf railnaails- 1, UIC - - -mr . D. mail, parcel post, postal savings banks. Federal improvement of roads,' Anti Trust Laws, the land bank, a panic-proof currency. We take all these things for granted now, yet how bitterly every one was once fought as "socialistic." It is easy to call the farmers' "bloc" a Soviet. It is, in fact, alout fifty-fifty-half Soviet or guild socialism as demanded by G. H. D. Cole and others in England, and half regional representation as at present; only regional representation i itself often of a guild nature: for farm is sues are sectional. Wall Street is a sec tion. North Dakota is another. And, as Mr. Kile's book will demonstrate. North Dakota's experiments have been dispraised for the wrong reasons. Most of the things North DaWott souglit to do were proper and would be for tha public as well as for the particular interest if the league could only do them. It should be condemned not for radicalism but for inefficiency. It bit off more than it could chaw. It is no more immoral for the farmer to demand legislation in his interest than it has been for the manu facturing trust to demand "protection" in the past, while the staple farmer sold his product at free-trade prices and waa double-crossed. Says Mr. Kile: "The Farm Bureau, being moderate in its demands, got (from Congress in the session just endedj "tac tically everything it asked for" Cfcpper Tincher Grain Exchange, Packer Control Bill, Federal Aid to Roads Bill. Farm Financing snd Crop Exporting Sills. Ia addition, "the plans for a sa'es tax wars blocked." The book went to piass too early to chronicle the crowning achieve ment that scared Mr. Harding the defeat of the effort to reduce income super-tax on very rich men. How the country has wept over the sorrows of these poor fel lows! People genrrally avoid important books. Rut if they really wish to know how James R. Howard suddenly has more power ovel legislation than the President of th l'nited States, the story is told by Mr. Kile. - DODGING und squirming und evad ing direct replies to direct queries, the ltusslnn delegates In the International conference at The Hagua had. by the eud of the week, brought that conference Just about to tha breaklng-up point. Their efforts ware directed toward rupturing the solidar ity of the non Russluns so that tbey might lay the Maine for failure on some and then enter separate nego tiations with others, esipeclully tha British. Ia this they seemed to have failed, for the British stood solidly with the French and others In the d. Disnd that the Russluns recognise the pre-war debts, give guarantees for the credits they asked, and state defi nitely on what terms they would re store foreign property to Its owuers. All this the Russians refused to do, and their attitude uiade so useless further continuation of the confer ence that many of the delegates ar ranged to start for borne at once.