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August 10, 1923
THE CITIZEN
THE CITIZEN
A aon-partisan family newspaper puMishad every Thersday y
BEREA PUBLISHING CO. (Incorporates)
MAMIUUi. E. VAtlAHM. tdltar JAMES M. RnNRARDT, Maasatnt Ultar
EnMr4 at law hiIi a iia, r ., a w ctaM insll smmot.
Omi
UB8CKimoN MTU
i P.Ms di aialka H easts; tkrwj SMMhs, M emu. PsraMt la sswnf .
fwlaa ASvertistn HwrsMMattrs. Tit Aawrfeaa f rrw AwkUni.
County Achievement Contest
The County Achievement Contest that ia being launched in
Eastern Kentucky thru the Extension Department of Berea Col
lege and supported by Judge Bingham, of the Courier-Journal, tt
taking on very unusual proportion!. The achievement committee
that haa been working aince last fall on the program has about
completed the work. The combined wisdom of all the teachers
of Berea College whose work ia related in any way to the depart
ments of this content haa been sought and used in the fullest
measure. The committee is composed of the following people:
Secretary Vaughn, Superintendent of Extension; Professor Dix,
Social Service; Dean McAllister, Education; Professor Clark, Ag
riculture; Robert Spenee, Agriculture and Club Work; Miss Dis
ney, Home Science; Miss Corwin, Librarian and Education; Mrs.
Ridgeway, Library Extension, and Rev. Howard Hudson, Churches
and Sunday-schools.
Before the close of the spring term this committee met regu
larly and worked faithfully on the entire program. Special men
tion should be given to Professor Dix for the work he has done
on many of the subjects included in the contest. His work In con
nection with the social service program of the Red Cross and his
connection with the health department put him in direct line with
the purposes of the contest.
We are also indebted to the active Interest of the State De
partment of Education. The Superintendent of Extension has
mad a trip to Frankfort, and representatives of the State De
partment of Education have been to Rerea three times to discuss
the details of the program. The State Superintendent says it is
the largest program that has ever been undertaken in the State.
Tha Courier-Journal, which is very liberal in its prises of $5,000
to the winning counties, has given a great deal of space to the
contest and is planning to give more. The Agricultural Extension
Department at Lexington has ser.t its representatives to Berea to
get details of the contest and have pledged their full support to
the movement. Dr. McCormirk of the State Department of Health
has endorsed the program of health which has been outlined, so
no complications may be looked for in that quarter.
The program is so much needed in every county in the State
and the subjects so all-inclusive as to lay down a standard of
work for the counties for the next twenty-five years.
Beginning with the next issue of The Citizen, we will publish
the entire plan of the contest.
Missouri's Error
Unbiased and unprejudiced men of all parties thruout the Uni
ted States regret the nomination for re-election of Senator James
Teed of Missouri. Senator Reed is admittedly strong in Kansas
City and St. Louis where prohibition is the weakest. Senator
Reed was disloyal to his country during the war. He has hamper
ed his country in the settlement of international Questions since
the war. He is the candidate of the liquor interests and the Wets
in general in Missouri.
He is not the candidate of the Democratic Party for the Sena
torship of the State of Missouri. According to the best evidence
that can he secured, 40,000 to 60,000 Republicans in the State of
Missouri voted for Senator Reed in order to defeat the straight
Democratic candidate. The same 50,000 Republicans will vote for
Brewster, the Republican nominee, agaist Reed in the final election
Senator Reed'a election does not express the will of the citi
zens of Missouri because he was elected in a Democratic Primary
by a little more than 6,000 majority, while 50,000 Republicans
voted in the Primary. His campaign waa the pinnacle of the dis
cussion relative to Wilsonism and anti-Wilsonism. They have defi
nite recorded information that many precincts in the State of
Missouri poled more votes for Senator Reed than there were Dem
ocrats in the entire precincts. At the same time Long received
a strong vote from the same places.
The question arise, "Will the State of Missouri allow the
present situation to obtain?" Senator Reed will be defeated. Ha
will be defeated in accordance with a regularly worked out plan.
Enough Democrats who were for Long will be disgruntled enough
to vote against Reed in the final, election, and 50,000 Republicans
that voted for Reed will, in the final election, support their regu
lar candidate, so that during the next six years Missouri will
have a Republican Senator.
Senator Reed should be defeated and will be defeated. But
the question arises, how much better is Brewster, for he is Wet
and has the German Alliance back of him.
No Sex War
(From the Courier-Journal)
From additional wars, in this period of class consciousness and
class strife, may Providence deliver us.
There is no cause for blighting sorrow in the statement of Miss
Anne Martin, returned from England, Germany and Italy, that
American women are less militant, with their suffrage privileges,
than the women of England and Germany, because they are too
much spoiled, petted and flattered to have the feeling of restive
ness, or relent lessness which animates the keenly class conscious
women of countries in which husbands and fathers are iron-handed
rulers of wives and daughters.
"Inequalities," Miss Martin is quoted as saying, "are not so
flagrant in Anurica that they sting women into 'group action."
May it ever be thus.
The group action of well-to-do women in America is a move
ment toward the railroad stations to buy tickets for points on the
seashore or in the mountains when dog days approach.
Americans can serenely consider the fact that political activi
ties of women in this country will be conducted with a view to
the betterment of government, of mental and physical hygiene;
the bettermetit of the race rather than upon the principles of the
Corsican vendetta or a street fight between London hooligans.
The women of Great Britain propose to put 300 women in Par
liament. Nearly forty German women tit in the Reichstag, and
iire anticipate the pleasure of sitting in the Reichstag, and of
rising for revenge upon the male autocrat. Joy to the British .'100
and to the Germany forty. May they wallop the tyrants, domes
tic or otherwise, who have stung them into group action. But
America will move ahead as a result of teamwork, and not as
result rf back-biting across the tongue and kicking at the double
tree. Such inequalities as continue to exist, between citizens in long
trousers and citizens who wear knickerbockers or short skirts will .
be ironed out in America in a friendly way. That is consoling in
a peace-loving country. It ia delightfully satisfactory to feel the
women in America art not in a man-fighting mood.
If the women of Great Britain, and Germany are setting out
to do up the eternal enemey, man, what but warfare will be the
lesult of their warfare?
Prohibition Pointers
Point One: There wera moonshiners before Prohibition, tho
many seem to have forgotten it. Turning over the files of the
Louisville Times, we read of the work of Federal officers in Nelson
county: "Tuesday they combed tha Mill Creek section, destroying
number of stills. This ia the first time that Federal officers
have raided tha Green Briar section since 1909, when n revenue
man alone destroyed 38 stills." Moonshining attracted little st
ir nt inn in those days because the saloons were so much worse!
Official reports showed 400 "blind tigers" in Louisville in 1008!
And this was in addition to 903 licensed saloons!
Point Two: Tha forging of notes and checks has been a crime
for several hundred years. Yet "prohibition does not prohibit"
entirely. There are now more than fifty forgers in the peniten
tiary of Nebraska, and about as many, or more, in tha peniten
tiaries of other states. But wa do not propose to give up the law.
but to make it stronger and enforce it better.
Point Three: Some of us would like a few actual facts about
the effects of prohibition in cities where enforcement is naturally
most Incomplete. The societies working for the relief of those In
need report a reductfon of 85 per cent in the number of families
needing help because of the drunkenness of the wage earner. In
particular cities the facta are these for single societies: no one
of which, of course, covers the entire city.
Families helped Families helped
in 1917 in 1921
St Louis 412 23
Chicago 625 61
Boston 984 73
New York 972 196
Tkere Should Be No Non-taxable Bonds
Each year the reports upon the Income tax show how the
wealthy people of tha country escape bearing their proper share
of the burden of taxation by buying non-ttxable bonds.
This ia an old abuse, and was made worse by the great sale
of Liberty Bonds during the war. Yet the largest part of non
taxable bonds arc those of states and cities.
Why should not a man pay taxes upon a state, city or U. S.
Bond the same as upon other property? The reason given is
that by making them free the state, city or U. S. government is
able to pay a lower rate of interest. But the really rich people
do not seek a high rate of interest ao much as absolute-security,
and for the sake of getting that they would pay a higher rate.
The whole plan of non-taxable bonds upsets the scheme of tax
ation, and makes things easier for the rich and harder for the
poor. And there is a Constitutional Amendment on its way which
will stop it.
As an example of the abuse it appears from the latest income
tax reports that the number and amount of large incomes has
greatly diminished so far as taxes are concerned because rich peo
pie have put more and more of their wealth into these non-taxable
bonds.
SHOWS GONE BEREA STILL
HERE
In spite of the prediction of soma
people that there would not be a
thin dime left m Berea after the
two tent shows got out last week,
business appears to be running along
pretty much after tha sama old
fashion and times do not seem to be
much harder than before.
Our only regret is that we could
not attend both shows every night,
but since that was impossible, we
spent most of the evening under the
Heffner-Vinaon tent. This is not
meant to be a reflection upon the
Williams Stock Company. We un
derstand that they put on a good
show, and so far as we know, their
company is made up of gentlemen
and ladies, but we were out for a
laugh, and we knew that between
"Jimmie" Heffner and Eddie Page
we would get it. There have been a
few changes in the personnel of the
Heffner-Vinson Company since it was
here last year, but jvdging from the
crowds they drew and the tone of
their performance:!, the company is
no worse off. Eddie haa improved
a great deal in his singing .since
last year, and his impromptu wit
still lands in the right place.
FATAL SHOOTING FOLLOWS
ARGUMENT OVER DIVORCE -PROCEEDINGS
IN
HAZARD
HAZARD, Ky., Aug. 5. F. C.
Huckaby, 28, today shot and prob-
bly fatally wounded Major J. P.
Payne, 47, a captain of Baldwin Felts
Detective agency, and former major
I in tha United States army. The
shooting took place in the Wooton
Morgan building, where depositions
were being taken in the divorce pro
ceedings of Huckaby vs. Huckaby, in
which the wife of the assailant was
'charged with infidelity. Payne is
said to have been assisting the es
tranged wife in obtaining a counter
petition.
KIWAMS
The Kiwams Club will hold its
next luncheon at Boone Tavern, Sat
urday noon, August 12. A commit
tee has been appointed to arrange
for the proper number of plates, and
It is necessary that every member
who expects to be present at this
luncheon see that his name has been
handed in in time to have it placed
in the pot before aturday snoon.
r
CLARK MIZE
A romance which started in the
Eastern Kentucky Normal School at
Richmond some time ago culminated
in the marriage, last week, of Mark
Clark, of Berea, to Katherine Mize,
of Estill county. Shortly after the
wedding, which was solomonized at
the home of the bride's parents, the
bride and groom came to Berea,
where they will make their home for
awhile.
They are the recipients of warmest
congratulations from many friends.
DINNER PARTY
A very delightful occasion la?t
week was a dinner party given by
Mr. and Mrs. William G. Best at
their home on Estill street to a num
ber of their friends, Monday evening
from 6:30 to 8:30. Those present
wera Secretary and Mrs. Vaughn,
Mr. and Mix George G. Dick,
Mr. and Mrs. James Reinhardt and
Mr. and Mrs. Everett Burtt and lit
tle son, who are visiting Mr. and Mr.
Dick, from Michigan.
I)ltF..Ui;n I.L.NINK of Russia has
Imh-d killet iiu'iln. tliis time uc
tin ding to u Swedish correspondent
iu Kigu. Ills aior Is tliut Lenine was
poisoned on a train when onjils way
to a 1uuchk1iiu Imi tiling resort and lib.
body was thrown 'nlo the lllver lion.
An accomplice of the aNxusxin Is said
to be Impersonal Ing Lenine at the re
sort. Soviet onVials say the premier
Is In Moscow ii nil nliuiml well.
IltlSU FREE STATE officials an
nounce t liar their forces are now
in control of twelxejounteH but are
sirongly oipoMd In I'oncgul, Sllgn,
ttHl .tty. Limerick sad Tlppcrary.
Waterfurd. Cork, Kerr and Mayo,
tliey assert, are In "subjection" to the
Irregulars. VYuterford was laken
by regulars to aril the close of the
week, und In Limerick the rehcla were
t-ooied up In the Barracks and Kin:
John castle after some heavy tlglitlui:
The two assassins of Field Murahal
Sir Henry Wilson were tried in I.011
don. convtctetl und sentenced 10 uVutli
the cue being handled with a neut
ness 11ml dispatch that arouse the
envy of those who contemplute the
outrageous rlmiiiul court procedure
In the t'nlted Stales.
TIIK Huvarlan government Is In
pen revolt iitrulnst the central
('erinun government at Ilerlln and ha
Issued a decree that rejects and sup
plants the recent legislation by the
relclistag for the defense of the re
public. The HavHrlun minister at
Berlin wu Instructed to inform
Chancellor Wlrth that any outside po
lice oftlolal attempting to operate In
ItHvnrla would be promptly arrested.
Wlrth has culled a conference of all
the flernmn stales to consider the
problem, ami if Huvarla does not
suppress Its new law President Ebert
may summon the stHuCgerichtshof, or
tribunal of the slat, a, to deal with the
case. Chancellor l.ervhonfeld of Ba
varia suys ha Is oiMHcd to any sep
aratist movement but that bis state
will not submit to any abridgement of
Its rights. The old enmity betweeu
Bavaria and Prussia and the strong
monarchist sentiment among the Ba
varians make the situation difficult
for Berlin.
THE PARABLE OP THE PLAIN
MAN AND THE TWO
CHILDREN
By Also Baker
Now after that I had dwelt in the
city for a few years, and my days were
getting somewhat in the "sere and
yellow leaf," I looked upon my chil
dren and I beheld a goodly son and
comely daughter. And I said,
Yea, I will send my son to a schoo!
and to an university that he may get
understanding and become a useful
man, and so win distinction in the
land of his birth."
And he went. And I said, "I will
send also my daughter to school that
she msy be trained In modesty and
usefulness and wisdom." And she
went.
And after that I had spent much
money and paid a multitude of bills,
and my son and daughter had been
away for four years, they wrote me
word of their return. And I sent
them money, and said unto my help
meet, "Yea, Our children will be here
tomorrow. And they will be a staff
unto us, and a comfort in our old age.
They have sat at the feet of the wise
and the worthy , They have gained all
the knowledge and wisdom and grace
of the schools. They will be an hon
or unto us and the envy of our friends
and acquaintances." And she said,
"It is even so."
And she swept and garnished hert
house, and made ice cream and baked
a pie, and sod pottage, and slew a
chicken. And she said, "All things
are ready."
And on the morrow my son and
daughter arrived, and our hearts
were lifted up. And we saw them
afar off. And my son came smokin?
a cigarette with a long handle apper
taining thereunto, and a small mus
tache sate upon his lip. .And his rai
ment was long and slender. And he
fpake as one coming up from Afri-a,
even as an Ethiopian. And my
at ughter's raiment was unspeakable,
and she spake as one of the Pilgrin.
Fnthers who is and her expres
sions were those of a factory girl
from Hamilton.
And I marveled greatly that my
son had associated himself so much
with colored people, and had dwelt
with them until their speech was his
speech. And I marveled also that my
daughter should speak as those who
e about confessing that their an
cestors escaped to America in the
Mayflower.
But after a little season I ceased
to marvel, and I said, "Yea, they are
both fools, but doubtless they are
right to prefer these silly affectations
to their natural manners."
And I called the police and sent
them to the foolish house, even to the
home of the harmless.
This parable sheweth that our
children do not always bring back
what we send them after.
" The Fa rm Du reau
Movement"
A Striking Rook Review
br
John L. Heaton in the New York Eve
ning "World"
L'p in the Catskills s young Cornell
bile over obstacles that would turn a NeW
York taxicab artist pale with ingnt. ne
goes everywhere, in eny weather. He rsn
give advice on bugs, blights, soil inotula
tion. dairy metnons. lie
Farm Agent
REV. MR. VOGEL MAKES STATE
MENT August 9, 1922
- Many inquiries have coma to ma
regarding my resignation as pastor
of the M. E. Church of this place.
In answer to these inquiries I desire
to .say that I did resign with the
feeling that for many reasons it
might be for the good of the cause
if I were not to return as pastor for
the coming year. However, The Of
ficial Board at their last regular
meeting voted not to accept the
resignation of the pastor. In con
currence with their action I have
agreed to return for another year and
shall be happy to give of my best
in the work of the church, the com
munity, and the Kingdom.
C. E. Vogel
SCHOOLS STARTING
Truant Officer to See That All Chil
dren of School Age Attend
This week and last marked th
opening of rural schools thruout tin
county. In the past the truant officer
has had some little trouble herj and
there with parents who insisted up
on keeping their children at home
when they should have been in
school. The truant officer, W. A
Johnson, wishes it said that he has
been authorized to make affidavit for
warrant for the arrest of any par-
I ent who refuses to send his child to
school, in accordance with the pro
visions of the compulsory school law.
These arrest 1, he says, will be called
for without hesitation upon the re-
! port of a toacner that a student is
not attending school.
THE l.MOX CIU'RCH
On Sunday Rev. Lewis Earle Lee,
of Cincinnati, will preach in the
Parish House, both morning and
night
On August 30 Rev. Charles M.
Bond, of Athens, O., will preach at
both services and on August 27 Rev.
Jess Halsey, of Cincinnati. All of
these ministers are speakers of un
usual ability, and the church is for
tunate tu secure them.
The prayer meeting will be held,
us usual, on Thursday night and will
be in charge of H. J. Christopher.
Down In Washington a otoiid of Sena
tors and Representatives, elected by one
party or another, disregard party to do
the bidding of a new lobby, arisen to power
in a single extra session so suddenly that
the city public srsreely realizes it. This
lobby, to which the Anti-Saloon League is
an amateur, recently bumped into Presi
dent Harding himself by marshalling
the votes of ninety-four Republican Repre
sentatives sgainst the lowering of the 50
per cent, surtax on very rich men, which
Mr. Harding had recommended.
From the modern knight errant in the
tamed flivver fighting the modern micro
scopic dragons to the great organization
in Washington that commands and ve
toes legislation is only two short jumps.
According to Orville Merton Kile, late
Assistant Washington Representative of
the American Farm Bureau Federation
(that is the new power), in "The Fsrm
Bureau Movement" (Macmillanl, the
first County Farm Agent in the United
StitM nn the rmmt nlan was lohn H.
Barron, in Broome County, N. Y. Funds
were provided by the Binghamton Cham
ber of Commerce, the L'nited States De
partment of Agriculture and the Lacka
wanna Railroad. Cornell offered scientific
guidance. The date was 1911.
Now there is s Farm Agent in most of
the counties, usually with an assistant or
two. Associated with him, but inde
pendent, is often a young woman who also
drives a wicked motor car up the side of a
boulder when necessary, and who can
tell the farmers' wives about science ap
plied to housekeeping. And let not city
people suppose that they despise the Home
Bureau's "book larnin'." They do not.
Any more than the farmers repel the of
fered sid of the agent. He is their man.
For behind him is the Farm Bureau
organization, local to the county. It in
cludes practical farmers. When the World
War sucked the l'nited States into its
maelstrom, the Farm Bureaus became
sources of war strength. It was only
when they combined,, first in State and
now in a national organization completely
represented in every state and with a presi
dent who issues orders to Congress that
the famous 'bloc" appeared, to which
President Harding devoted awe-struck
consideration in his message.
Mr. Kile describes farmers' movements
of the past that have sought power and
vanished from sight or, like the Grsnge,
have been diverted to sociability. He is
cruel enough to point out many demands
of those temporary organizations, satir
ized then in cities, that have become law.
-4. Mu. Bunlatifiit nf railnaails-
1, UIC - - -mr .
D. mail, parcel post, postal savings banks.
Federal improvement of roads,' Anti
Trust Laws, the land bank, a panic-proof
currency. We take all these things for
granted now, yet how bitterly every one
was once fought as "socialistic."
It is easy to call the farmers' "bloc" a
Soviet. It is, in fact, alout fifty-fifty-half
Soviet or guild socialism as demanded
by G. H. D. Cole and others in England,
and half regional representation as at
present; only regional representation i
itself often of a guild nature: for farm is
sues are sectional. Wall Street is a sec
tion. North Dakota is another. And,
as Mr. Kile's book will demonstrate.
North Dakota's experiments have been
dispraised for the wrong reasons.
Most of the things North DaWott souglit
to do were proper and would be for tha
public as well as for the particular interest
if the league could only do them. It
should be condemned not for radicalism
but for inefficiency. It bit off more than
it could chaw. It is no more immoral for
the farmer to demand legislation in his
interest than it has been for the manu
facturing trust to demand "protection"
in the past, while the staple farmer sold
his product at free-trade prices and waa
double-crossed.
Says Mr. Kile: "The Farm Bureau,
being moderate in its demands, got (from
Congress in the session just endedj "tac
tically everything it asked for" Cfcpper
Tincher Grain Exchange, Packer Control
Bill, Federal Aid to Roads Bill. Farm
Financing snd Crop Exporting Sills. Ia
addition, "the plans for a sa'es tax wars
blocked." The book went to piass too
early to chronicle the crowning achieve
ment that scared Mr. Harding the defeat
of the effort to reduce income super-tax
on very rich men. How the country has
wept over the sorrows of these poor fel
lows! People genrrally avoid important books.
Rut if they really wish to know how James
R. Howard suddenly has more power ovel
legislation than the President of th
l'nited States, the story is told by Mr.
Kile. -
DODGING und squirming und evad
ing direct replies to direct
queries, the ltusslnn delegates In the
International conference at The Hagua
had. by the eud of the week, brought
that conference Just about to tha
breaklng-up point. Their efforts ware
directed toward rupturing the solidar
ity of the non Russluns so that tbey
might lay the Maine for failure on
some and then enter separate nego
tiations with others, esipeclully tha
British. Ia this they seemed to have
failed, for the British stood solidly
with the French and others In the d.
Disnd that the Russluns recognise the
pre-war debts, give guarantees for
the credits they asked, and state defi
nitely on what terms they would re
store foreign property to Its owuers.
All this the Russians refused to do,
and their attitude uiade so useless
further continuation of the confer
ence that many of the delegates ar
ranged to start for borne at once.

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