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BEREA PUBLISHING CO.
IINCOftPWIATU) MARSHALL t VAUGHN. CAiw J AMU . IIINNAMT lMr Btm4 ml Htm PmmtniUm mi Hmnm. Km., mm tmmnd mmm imml-mmtTt mm4r AM mf ktmrrm. 1079. l-mMftm4 W rrfe ml Hmrmm, Km The Citizen "DeArotdl to ttie Interests of ttie !M!o3jnteLln. People Our Threefold Aim: T girt) the News of Berea and Vicinity; To Record the Happening! of Berea College; To be of Interest to all the Mountain People. Vol. XXIV. Five OnU Fer Copy BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, AUGUST 17, 1922 One Dollar and Fifty Centa Per Yer No. 7 GOAL SITUATION IS CLEARING UP Washington Hopes Climax Anthracite Strike Will Be Reached Soon. in WONT USE THE "BIG STICK" Oovernment Administration Leaders Mere Optlmlatle Than at Any Time Since Parleys Started Illinois Operators Split Wanlilngton, Aug. 14 The mat situation In going to be solved prompt ly. The rltmst In the anthrarlte coal atrlke will It reached within a week. It was atnferi at the White House. VeK cm In the bituminous fields ts hitxx for hy the administration with out the necessity of drastic artlon hy the government. Administration leaders were more optimistic than at any time hereto fore oyer auccessful results coming out of the conference of bituminous miners and operators at Cleveland. The vote of the policy committee of the United Mine Workers to proceed with negotiation of a wage agreement with the operators represented at Cleveland, despite the fart that they represent only about 20 per cent of the tonnage of the central competitive Held, removed the biggest obstacle on the miners' side. No Big Stick. President Harding will not awing the big s,tlck In the atrlke crisis. Tha President let It be known that, no matter what may develop In th coal and railroad atrlke situation, he will not make threats. The President believes that the coal strike mill sooti be settled. Juxt whst Is going to develop In the rail road strike, he does not know, nor Is he certain what roure the govern ment should pursue if the rail strike Is msde more effective. But. whatever happens, Mr. Hard ing will not yield to appeals for force ful measures. Msn to Sign Scale. President Lewis' prediction thst 7.1 per rent of all bituminous tonnage sow on strike would sign the scale and return to work -wtttira a week appar ently cleared away fear In the minds of some union lesders over the posi tion In which a settlement would lesve the miners from the Hi) per cent of tonnage not represented. The administration. It was msde rlesr. looks for a quirk settlement of the anthracite strike lrresiertlve of the bituminous results. There Is not the ohatlnsry on the part of the an thrarlte operatnra thst has character ised the majority lu the bituminous fields, the White House pointed out. A conference between suthraclte miners and operators would have been In session. It wss declared, but for the fsrt thst some of the officers of the miners' union who must partici pate are engnged at Cleveland. The i.dmlnlNtratloii, while disap pointed that the anthracite conference Is thus delayed, feels thst the delsy Is Justified hy the progress now being msde st Cleveland. One government official declared that 40,um,iki0 tonnage outside the central competitive field waa ready to sign. If the 40,tM represented at Cleveland reached an agreement. This outside tonnsge la largely west of the Mississippi, with some In the union ised districts of the (southwest. Break In Ranks. Chicago, Aug. 14. Prediction that the Illinois coal mine strike will be celled oli August 13, and that coal will he hoisted at auhstantlally the normal tonnage In tya atate before the end of nut week, waa circulated among Chicago coal men who have been kept reliably posted on peace conferences which have been In progress behind the acenes for the last three day a. Whether thla prospective settlement will he due to a spilt of an Important group of Illinois oierators away from the "arbitration or light to the finish" attitude taken officially by the three operators' associations of the atate In session here, or will he sep arate agreement with Frank Farrlng ton, representing the Illinois miners' union, could not he definitely ascer tained. The drat Indication of a break among operatnra allllluted with the II lloola associations came when It was announced at the sessions of the three operators' associations at the tlreat Northern hotel that the I'nlted Elec tric Coiil company of Iianvllle bin) thrown Its tonnage, rated at between Nisi.ua) and l.uio.iM) tons a year. Into the fourstute wage conference at Cleveland. TRUCE PARLEYS BROUGHT TO END RAIL HEADS ARK AGRCED, ON LEAVING CAPITAL AFTER CONFERENCE Relief OH trad Washington.- President Harding, In a telegram to (ioternor Tliounis K t'.iinplicll of Arixoiiii, offered the as sKtliince of I lie federal lioveruiocnt to relieve hardships among passengers on S.inlu Fe trains marooned al Junction points. 'I'lie President declared it wu I lie obligation of t lu (ioveruim-ni l relieve person 'who limit are ill Jin led hIi;i lilt-fill I y to hardship." Proposal To Re-Hire All Idle Shop Employees Psnding Board Vardlct On Ssniorlty Isaue Is' Rejected Fight to Finish In Prospect. Wlt-riiington. Itailnwd Executives alio have represented nil their asso ciates III negot luting with irisldetit Harding and railroad labor orgatilr.il t lull head for s coiirproiiilse settle ment of the rallroad'strlke left Wnsh Inuton, convinced that the present strike would be fought to s finish. The executives further Indicated, tlirouuh an authorized spokesman. Ihat they expected the government would not stteinit further compromise In the situation and made pulilfr the text of their answer to President Harding's final settlement proHisal. I'lilon leaders, however, riot-lured that mediation anil compromise efforts would be continued, with .officials of four brotherhoods of train-service men rll UK as a committee to go between the striking shopcraft representatives imi the one hand and the government or the railroads on (lie otfler. Meanwhile, they withheld from piilill ration the response of striking sho men's chiefs to the President's settle ment offers, and also a statement of the policy which other unions Intended to pursue, although both had been pre pared for the public. There was no statement from the White House or from Administration source as to any further course In tended. All heads of railroad labor orgaui.a tlons remained In Washington, agree ing to meet again, officers of the four brotherhoods, members of which are not on atrike, declared themselves to be s committee of mediation, en deavoring to deal with the government and railroad managements. In behalf of the eight unions which have order ed strikes. T. Ivwltt Cuyler. Chairman of the Association of Hallway Executives, and a committee of Railroad Presi dents, took the answer of the roads, which showed a divided attitude to the President. Then after both groups had left the White House, maintaining silence aa to their vurixme. the broth erhood chiefs conferred with mil exe cutives and In that dlsrusslou there appeared a proposal to leave the whole seniority ipicstlon to arbitration by an Independent tribunal while the men went hark to work. This proposition wss refuseil. and Mr. Shcvparri de clared It had not originated with broth er hood mediators. MANIAC KILLS TWO AND SELF Motive For Murder Is Mystery To Police Victims Were Slayer's Friends Frederick, Md. Mystifying officers us to the possible motive, a triple tragedy in which Andrew Frits, 'Jo years old, killed two men and ended his life, has thrown Frltxtown a ham let IS miles .northeast of Frederick Coiintv, into frenzied excitement. Fritz, who Is a former service man, killed Samuel llradforil, .'l.'i, a laborer, on the county pike near Fritztown, leuvlng the body lying In the road. Then Frits went to the home of Oli ver Shepherd, 117. also a former service man, and. after conversing with the family shot and killed Shepherd. Hushing from the xirch of the Shep herd home. Frits headed for a nearby meadow, where he shot himself. Ilia body was found bv Sheriff Jumita A. Jones and his deputies. A revolver lay beside the body. The three men constantly were thrown into contact with each other and upparemly were on the most am icable of terms, ucocrrilng to neighbors. FIVE DIE AS YACHT SINKS Three Missing After Explosion en Boat Carrying Twenty-One Passengers at Miami Beach. t Miami, Fla.. Aug. 14. Explosion and tire sent the motor yacht Shlrln, Miami to Nassau, to the bottom of Mi ami beach, with a knowu Ions of Ave Uvea and three uegro passengers re ported missing. The cause of the ex idoslon is not knowu. The boat car rled 21 passengers when It left Miami, most of them negroes, and flumes en veloped It so swiftly that there was little opiHirtuiilty to get Its bouts down. The. survivors were picked up after t-liiiglng to the wreckage for an hour. hospital Unite Raxed lt.n kfoiil. Ills. Klre in ilie Camp (Irani barracks was brought under coiil ru after eight units In the hos pital area had been destroyed and JO Isolated hiilhliuns damaged. A L ..li ber of soldiers were Injured slightly when aiding lireiiun. Four soldiers who fell through a burning roof, escaped with minor liijurie. l amp author illiw declared the lire were of In cendiary origin. The barracks, erect ed during the war, were built and equipped at a cost of more than f I.ijui.iSIO. i II V i fell 7 -Mlaaaa'asi T7 T T- fl S 9 Tk f- rw "b..oA Kim yJA 1 S"l : S S.' .1 a : JSi: -.1 i ! ' '' 1 International Triole spetlnl, frutu I'lltslnugli, loaded -With electrical e-piipuieni ror Chlleun sune lail.ays, the first train ever started hy radio. 2 A draft of new men Just arrived on honrri U. S. S. Wyoming nt New York. A Mabel Strickland, winner ofMiAlplne trophy as world's cluimploiicow girl, at Cheyenne' Frontier Davs. The County Achievement Contest The County Achievement Contest that has been worked out in Berea Collene and with the council of a number of outside agencies is now working in six counties with Jthree others ready to start. Many people were dubious about the idea taking in Eastern Kentucky, but the astounding thing is that more counties asked for entrance to the contest than could be accepted because of in adequate supervision. No program of action in Eastern Kentucky has ever been started that compares with this undertaking. The State Superintendent of Public Instruction says that it is the largeat undertaking in Kentucky. A county-wide campaign aa an organized effort along numer ous lines of social and economic progress ia new, but the spirit of the endeavor ia not new. Practically all of the major activi ties outlined in this contest are being promoted in one form or another in many of the counties of Eastern Kentucky, but this contest is an effort to organize and coordinate the entire work of a county for greater progress and efficiency. No novel or fanciful project ia being undertaken at the ex pense of the people, but practical projects leading to improvel conditions are in the program. All of the nine counties that have entered the contest have gone into a full investigation of it and understand the plana. In the first place, the proposition had to be placed oerore the Fisca! Court of each county and roceaTe lia-endorse merit before the county would be admitted. The endorsement of the county agent, county upjuntendent, health officer and committee of ministers waa necessary before a county was admitted to the contest. Mass meetings are being held in every county, and Jackson county is in the midst of a week's campaign, touching every district in the county, organizing committees to look after the local work of contest. The teachers of all the counties in the contest have pledged their support. The contest began August 1st and will close December 31, 1923, giving ample time for achievements to be made. There must be a County Achievement Council composed of the County Chairman, Secretary and heads of the Nine major depart ments. The contest is conducted on the percentage of progress basis and a total of 10,000 points may be earned by a county. Below are the ten major departments of the contest: 1. School System, County Superintendent 2.000 2. Health and Sanitation Health Officer l'.OOtt 3. Agriculture and Livestock County Agent.... 1,000 4. Community Clubs County Agent 1,000 6. Junior Clubs County Agent 1,000 6. Home Improvements Committee of Ladies.. 500 7. Newspaper and Magazine Cir. Local Editor. . 500 8. Churches and S. S. Committee of Leaders.... 1,000 9. Roads and Public Blrigs County Judge & Court 1,000 10. Cooperation County Achievement Chairman . 1,00') The committees of inspection and judging shall be composed of disinterested people who are acquainted with their field and know what to judge and how to judge it. We begin to publish the details of the contest in thia issue of The Citizen. COUNTY SCHOOL SYSTEM 2.000 Points I. ATTENDANCE. (300) 1. Percent based on census For each percent of the average , attendance based on the census for the two school years, . 1922-23 and 1923-24, three points will be given. To find the score or points add the percent of average attend-- ance based on the census for the year 1922-23 and the - percent of the average attendance for the year 1923-24: divide the sum by two and multiply the quotient by 3. Thia appliea to county districts only. 300 H. TEACHERS (550) 1. Qualification of Teachers 2!0 a. Graduates of 8th grade only ( 0) b. Grad. 8 grade plus 1 yr. high school (100) c. Grad. 8 grade plus 2 yrs high school (150) d. Grad. 8 grade plus 3 yrs. high school (200) e. Grad. 8 grade plus 4 yr. high school (225) f. Grad. 8 grade plus 1 yr. normal school. .( 175 ) g. Grad. 8 grade plus 2 yr. normal school. . .(200) h. Grad. 8 grade plus 3 yr. normal school. ..(225) L Grad. 4 yr. std. H. S. plus 1 yr. N. S (250) j. Grad. 4 yr. std. H. S. plus 2 yr. N. S (300) k. Grad. 4 yr. std. II. S. plus I yr. college. . (225) I. Grad. 4 yr. std. H. S. plus 2 yr. college (250) m. Grad. 4 yr. std. H. S. plus 3 yr. college. .... (300) n. Grad. 4 yr. std. H. S. plua 4 yr. college (350) o. Six weeks or more attendance at an approved summer school for years 1922-23 and 1923-24.. (50 Note. In determining the score of the county for teacher qual ifications, the procedure shall be as follows: For the year 1922 23 each teacher shall be scored according to the above schedule. The sum of all these scores for all teachers, divided by the num. (Continued on page 8) WorldNews By J. R. Robertson, Professor ef ' History and Political Science Berea College France, In accordance with her threat, has begun to expel the Ger mans from Alsace. Thus far the number ordered to leave is fifteen hundred. Including women and chil dren. They are allowed to carry with them a certain amount of bag gage, and to dispose of the remain der. Those selected for xpulsion are mostly those who have been outspoken in their opposition to France. This is in the nature of a penalty for GermanyV failure to fulfill her obligation in the matter of the reparations. In the London Conference the English prime min ister has advocated a very substan tia reduction in the amount of the payments to be made at present, and a substitution of payment in kind, for payment in money. France has not seen fit as yet to accept his suggestions and so begins the penalty. MCKEE ROAD TO BE BUILT Richmond, Ky. The largest crowd that has attended session of the Madison Fiscal Court in many years was present Monday morning when the court voted to accept state aid on the highway to McKee, Jackson county, and at the same time voted to recommend a road tax or bond issue for improvement of the othc main highways in the county and for a citizens' committee to cooper ate with the court in handling the road problems of the county. This action was taken only after extended debate in- the county court room Monday morning when the road question for Madison county was threshed out along every angle. The Citizens' Committee, named by the court, met at 2 o'clock in the afternoon and voted for a 20c road tax for a period of five years, to be used for meeting state aid on every inter-county projects that shall be approved. A committee, composed of Messrs. Harvey Chenault, County Judge J. D. Goodloe and County Road Engineer J. G. Baxter, was named to draw up and formulate submission of the road tax question to the voters at the November election. The members of the special Citi zens' Committee, as named by the Fiscal Court to cooperate with them re, Messrs. M. C. Kellogg, R. E. Tur ley, John Gay, Harvey Chenault, R. M. Rowland, Arch Hamilton, Walter F. Park and Rice Woods. The motion for the acceptance of the McKee road offer of the State Department was made by Magistrate Dave Smith of Be rea. The motion was carried, but a lively argument ensued before it was put over, the main contention China has been the victim of the most destructive typhoon that she has ever experienced. The storm raged along the Eastern coast, going a considerable distance .inland Shipping waa destroyed to a large extent, and as many of the people live in house boats the loss of life was great A tidal wave followed the heavy wind and in places wh.ila villages were washed away. In some cases large vessels were thrown onto the shore or irro rhallow wate where they stj.: in the sand. The loss of life has been estimated to reach high into the thousands. The storm so interfered with communi cation that only meager details have yet reached the world. Relief has been hurried to the stricken section as fast as possible, but a long time will be required for recovery. Pre sumably the greatest loss of life and property was among the poorer people. The Soviet government of Russia has aroused the anger of the radical Socialists of Europe by an order for the execution of some forty or fifty who have been implicated in at tempts to assassinate officials of the government. Protests against this execution have gone from Socialists in the U. S., also, and the inconsist ency of the act has been pointed out. The plea made to Lenine and Trot sky to set- the world an example seems to be unheeded, and the vic tims ,will likely pay for their doeda by their lives. It seems to be true that no matter how radical a govern ment may be there are always some who are more radical still. Perhaps such urtemnr.a will hnt-A tha effa nf being that Madison county is at the making the S,viet government more present t!me short of funds and the eonserVative, a tendency already no available money from reular taxn- ticed. nun snoutu oe used on repairing roads that have long been built and are in a bad state of preservation. But after the vote of the citizens' committee for a 20c road tax, the general feeling twoard the McKee proposition was much better and the people were ready to endorse the project. It is estimated that $300,000 would The United States is finding that the enforcement of its prohibition law is greatly hindered by bringing in of liquor from other countries. Secretary of State Hughes is seek ing assistance from other countries in lightening this burden. England has been requested to cooperate, to tlMVanl tllA oVfllBni,a r.. n. ITnnliuh be sufficient to take cart of Madison Americ.n ht. n n,- h,i. .... vuumv ymi vi mn aiaio-aiu projects and that 20c road tax for five years would amply meet the needs. 6TRIKE SITUATION The strike situation does not an pear to be any nearer settlement than when it began. The Big Four brother hoods have refused to accept any terms of mediation, and the railroads continue to refuse to make conces sions. The engineers and firemen claim they are not atriking out of sympathy, but because the rolling stock of the railroads is in too poor condition to continue operation. They also resent the employment of guards to protect the non-union workmen. The claim is that the government has no right to interfere by armed force with a labor and capital argument. The situation is very tense at Corbin, and the country wiU soon begin to suffer if relief is not given the coal fields. of large supplies of liquor. Eng land refuses on the ground that her authority ends when the three mile limit is passed. The U. S. may not, by international law, atop a vessel of English registry for cargoa of liquor. Our only recourse ia to cap ture it when it entera our ports, and this is uncertain, as a great deal is smuggled in. The matter is one of importance, and it ia believed some way will be found when European countries come to see that the U. S. is in earnest on the matter. Ireland has lost one of her most useful leaders in the death of Arthur Griffith, President of the Dail Eire am. In his earlier years he was in terested in the Sinn Fein movement, but came to tealize that there wa more in the substance than in the form and so was most active in bringing about the agreement with England for the Free State. It is It MtlllTS CHEWING TOBACCO generally conceded that his contribu Tobacco will be higher this year a ! tiim tu tl" of IreIlni ly ' the rabbits have gone to chewing. ' hi "-'' KTP t the problems Thev have cut a two-acre niece dou,n "J methods of solution. His death four times for Ollie Cohown on the Roberts place. Owenton Democrat, was sudden and unexpected, being due to pneumonia which developet from an attack of bronchitis. Mr. Young men in love are adepts at ; tIriffiln w" prim of life and concealing their state of mind " ct"01, " vmuaUie service to when no one else is around. (Continued on Page ()