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October IS, 1122
THE CITIZEN Psg Throa 00 DISCUSSES T AY FEDERAL LAWS ON CONCIL. IATION HAVE FAILED TO GET PEACE RESULT. LABOR REJECTS ARBITRATION Something Mora Ntsded That Will Qiva Aaauranca That tha Dominant Right of tha Public Shall Ba Recog nita? by All. By JAMES P. HORNADAV Washington. llfllMTt lllMUPf, sec retary or commerce, In discussing the two ureal strikes nf the summer, on I lid attention tit the fact Hint I federal laws no conciliation have fulled ta obtain any results for peace. "lliw conception of arbitration la a settlement bused mi unit mil ngrectnent to abide by tlie decision if a tlilrtl party, but llila la now refused 'n irini'lile,' fur the workers consider that nrl.il ml ln always result In com promise, uml tlmt tlila la compromise with their lireml anil butter." mII lie. Thus nil the nlil conceptions ,,,u' tunl settlement In industry have fiilleil. Wo IllHJ well preserve the old meth ods of peiiti'. lint nf a certainty they iiiukI he belter organized, uml we need something more Hint will hrlnK a tlve InMuruinf if M-ace to the public. Nor la the organization of einiluera on a national basis the answer, for In em-h case, while collective bargaining might pris-ecd more smoothly, the pub llr iitulil well take Hliirin, because the mute of any bargain might lie passed on to the consti r. Therefore, anrli bargaining must lie controlled In the public Interest, even If It serves to prevent stoppage. "There nr a great nmny rights that luive crown up urniintl these Industrial relations. Worsen have a rlKht to t.rgiinlze to protect anil improve wagea and condition of liihnr. They hiive a right to collective bargaining. They hnve a right to strike. They hiive a right to refuse t Join aurh orgnnlza tli.na. They hiive a right t work without Intinililiitlon and assault. Kiii ployera have a right to refuse to rec ognlre aurh organizations. They have a right to lockout. They have a right to keep open shop. Right of the Public la Superior. "No tine seriously denies any of these rights, lint a lot of people are overlooking a mipcrlnr right. Tlmt la the right of the public to a con tlnuoua aupply of Ita vltiil necessities and services iixo terma fair to the employer and employee. When these various rights Infringe tiion the pub lic right, then the dominant right la public right. "Aside from employee relutlonshltia. moat of the economic dcinoriilir.nl Ion li. the roul Industry liea In the bltu nilnoua, aa diKtlnguiNhed from the an thracite, IndiiKtry. and my discussion hereafter refera to bituminous alone. Tbl Industry, Indeed, functlona very badly. Some atnte glibly thut It will work llxelf out If left alone. It iiiiiHt he borne In mind thut II hna not been left nlone In the pint nnd the pres ent eltontlon ta In lurge degree due to leglalative Interference. The control of combinations among operator, without aiK-h restraint among em ployees, the rilea of artlflcliil rar dla trtbutlon. the atate legialiition of va rtoua aorta, and other acta have grenl responsibility for the preaenl con dition. I am not here questioning the necessity of these measures, hut their Influence In the aituiitloo inuat not be overlooked, and they must lie either supplemented or amended by wise pro visions. If we are to have coal peace. Irregularity of Employment. "The MTHtuul labor difficulties are but one of the Inevitable by products of llila MMr organisation. l,ahor la at niggling on one aide to act up re muneration bused on aurh day'a iay and aurh piecework ratea aa will give atundurd of living from HO per rent of lime employed. Labor la (hue honeycombed with the worst of atlmu Imi la to unrest, imierurity of employ ment. At the aame time, men who have the oporl unity to work full time In regularly operating milieu earn re turn fur above the average Income of our moat pmacrous fanuera and other worker. There can be no aolutloo either to the ocralora or to the work era bo long aa thla condition contln uea. Entirely beyond great national the consequent overexpanalon of thelu duatry, we inuat have a pinning out of the Intermittent Irregularities mid consequent overexpiinalon of the In dustry If we are to have stability. "In addition to relief from national atoppnge In production through strikes and liM-kouta there are proMiwil of constructive and practical reinediea for IhoHe Irregularlllea which aliould be InveatlgHted and which do not lead to Socialism and destruction of the American -freedom and Initiative, For Inatance, an extra annuul storage of 20 ier cent railway conauinptlon would equalize the aeaaomil flucf union. Larger atomge la poaalhle by the rail ways at those time when public de mand for roul la alack, Inxleud of com petition by the railways thenisclvee with the public for coal, and thua for the use of rare, at the annuul period of car shortage. A syalem of rar dis tribution (but would not llaelf break Into rcgulur nerutlon would help. Larger storage by public ulllllluo HE COAL PROBLEM woind assist and would give grculei security to the public.' All Army Clements In Training. This summer for the Brat time II eleiiienta of the army provided by congress, lu Hie light of the World war, for the nail... ml defense have participated In field training. Kv pry where throughout the flitted Mates the outstanding feat urea of the training campa have been enthusiasm Willi which all concerned have thrown thenmelvea Into the work, and aa a necessary acqiie: -e, the generally high level of accomplishment. Itegulara. national guardsmen, reserves, reserve ottlcera' training corps, and civilians of the military training rnmpa have worked able by aide with growing appreciation of the necessity for each element In the national defense, and of the role each la to piny. Cnnse qui m ly the work of this summer la believed to constitute a long step to wards milting the aevernl elements Into one liomiigeneoiia citizen army. The nrgnniM'd n xcrvct made their first appearance thla summer In the tr.ib.ing campa of the new army. Suf fl Imit funds were available for culling lew tlinn .I,! XI Into ciunps. The great er part of those attending hud been miiimlssioncd olllcera during the World war. I'rograum for their training ac mrdlngly were calculated to refrseh their memory na to war lime methods, mid to acipinliit them with the rhungea In firciiiil.ntloii and tactics since ttie close of the war. strong element lu the undoubted success of these camp" wn the work of the carefully organ Ired and prepared tennia sent out by the army service achooui at Leaven worth to conduct the more Important piirla of of the Instruction. The re serve i. Ulcers generally left ramp with the strong feeling thnt their H-rlod I therein hnd l-en dlHtlnctly profitable, and that the reserve orgnnlintlons to which they belonged could no longer be Justly culled a pnicr army, but that In reality they represented a most pow erful eleuietit In the real military strength of the nntlon. Nearly three limes aa ninny rltlwlia participated In military rnmps this summer as In thooe of 1!21. Instruc tion In all was so orgimlr.ed a to get the greatest possible results) with the lenst eXM-ndlture of time nnd energy, to the end Hint the government would nttaln substantial results towards the betterment of Its ung man power without overworking the iuibvldunl. Life In the camps was made ns pleas ant as possible by the selection of cninp sites in ncrcc-nhle surroundings, by providing such entertainment fea tures both In, and lu the neighborhood of the rumps ns local conditions per mitted, and by leaving ample time from purely military work for recrea tion and amusement. Instruction wss carried on by experts, many of whom were recent graduates of our mieciBl service schools. Ill addition to in structors from the regulnr army, ench corpa area used sImiuI 100 reserve of ficers. Peace Use for Smokeless Powder. Tests made by the I'nlted Statea bureau of mines show that large supplies of smokeless powder left I u the possession of the federal government at tlif close of the World war can. In the form of comminuted smokeless powder, be used effect ively for certain lndustrul blast ing purposes. Held testa mnde by the bureau at the explosives experi ment station at llruceton. I'a., Have d onstrated the practical value of thla powder for stump blast ln bnul- der breaking and ditch digging pur poses. As the result of exierlments previously made by the bureau look ing toward the Industrial utilization of other types of mll'tary explosives, more tlinn ftt.OUMN) pounds of sun plus trinitrotoluene. UUsKMMiO of pic ric acid and nbout 1 000.0 pounds of grenade powder have been allotted by the War Pepnrtmenl to other depart ment a of the government. These allot ments have been used In Industrial blasting, on a great variety of gov ernment projects, with entire satis faction. The adaptation of smokeless pow der to use aa an Industrial blasting agent Is due to the discovery by MnJ. John Herbert Hunter, ordnance de partment. I'. 8. A., that when smoke less powder Is ground to fineness the ground mnterliil can he detonated by No. fl detonator, and therefore may. In thla condition. Isp used a a blast ing agent. Major Hunter has dedi cated to public uac In the United States the patent granted to hltn for this discovery. Therefore all are free to use the process without payment nf royalty. In hla specifications .Major Hunter point 'hH' n' - ilclnlitition of thla comminuted smoke less powder varies with Its fineness as measured by alevea of 8 l HO niesh: It I possible, then, by regulat ing the grinding und sifting, c pre pure explosives having differently de termined ratea of detonation, thua suitable for varlout kinds or blasting. He provides that In use thla -oumil-tinted smokeless powder shall be packed In cnrtrldgea, aa Is the tirnc tlce with d.vramlte The product Is styled comminuted because this term la broad cm ugh to Include any ami every met cod nf suhdlv'.nlng the grati s wt'hnut destroying their chem ical Identity. As the gaaeotu products or detonu tloti Include poisonous and In Mam nuible carina monoxide, comminuted auiokeloaa Hiwder la unsuitable for use as an explosive In dusty and gas eous coal mlnea w In u"'cr placea where lullamiuulde dust, gasee or va iiors may lie .ncountered. Nor should It tie used lu mines, tunnels or other close phicvs, uuless the ventllaUou U very gssl and workmen are ktst lu COUlUCt WlIU f UOtSOUOUI PTW duced by U- Striking Vew Red Cross Poster 1! 0 mm , '7m Chartered ToRelieve andPreventSufferirig v in peace ana in war : AtHome&Abroad Riveting the attention of the beholder on tha fact that the Ameri can Krd Cross ia chartered by Congrcs as an official volunteer relief organization the dome of the Capitol at Washington, upon which is super imposed a large Red Cross, ia the central figure of a new poster for the Annual Red Cross Roll Call. The poster, which has been pronounced one of the most striking of innumerable representations of the famous dome, is the work of Franklin Booth, a New York artist of wide renown. It will be displayed throughout the country dur;i.g the Roll Call period. Armistice Day to Thanksgiving, when the Red Cro.sa membership for 1923 will be enrolled. Junior Red Cross Praised for Work Influencing Peace The advancing standard of the Jun ior American Red Cross made two out standing gains during the lust year one in the field of domestic activity, which Is rapidly linking up the schmds with the Junior program, the other a gain of a dozen countries In Kurope pledged te organize Juniors on the lines of the American organization. For this accomplishment the Aiiierlcun Juniors earned the hearty endorse ment of the league of Red Cross So cieties for Its "creation of an Inter national spirit of human aolidarl'y among young people with a view to preparation of a new civilization for pence." The forthcoming annuul report of the American Red Cross for the yeur Greatest Mother Summons Her Children ANNUAL. ROLL CALL - U-OV - An allegorical concept of the Red Cross ad a peace-tima ideal is em ployed by the American Rtd Cross in a new and kinking poster for Its Annual Red Cross Roll CalL Spread out before the heroic size figure is the outline of the United States with a Red Cross superimposed upon it while around its borders are sketched scenes depicting the chief activities of the Red Cross today service to disabled veterans of the World War, disaster relief and promotion of the public health. The poster ia the work of Lawrence Wilbur, a New York artist and will bo disp'ayed throughout the country daring the enrollment of the Red Cross membership for lu23. : ... - n N byGDntes ended J-iTiP .in, 10-J2. will show 2l,r.2S school enrolled, with a total of 4.4S.1, Sl.'i pupils wearing the "I Serve" but ton of the American Junior Red Cross the budge of unselfish service earn ed by each Individual member through personal sacrifice. In International school correspond ence T'10 classes and schools engaged In friendly communication with C!3 sib-Mils In Kuropean countries, 00 schiols In I'nlted States territories, 13 in South Africa and 10 In a miscel laneous list of foreign countries. The work in foreign fields In establishing playgrounds, school libraries, sewing and manual training classes, homes for war orphans, school reconstruc tion In devastated a reus, encouraging community gardens nl muny other activities wns financed through the National Children's Fund raised by the Juniors at a cost of :t."lS.2n7.40. I Miring the year $.1o 9'J2.79 was con tributed toward the fund, in which on July 1 there was a balance of 1201,-:!i!l.o3. i TS.rt LVTROVEO UNIFORM INTEXNATIuNaI SundaySchool ! 1 LCS50H T fBr RKV. P B FITZW ATKR, D. D Tchr of Knells Hibl ta the Moody J Rihle Inatllina of f'hlraso I I CoBrnrSt l?l Mn Hmmnmpt Hslos ! LESSON FOR OCTOBER 15 THE MINISTRY OF JOHN BAPTIST THE USfWV TKOCT-lke l:l-a OOI.1 KN TKXT-llfpsnt ys. for the king. lorn of hraven In al hand Malt. I., KKKKKKNCK M ATfc-IUAU-Malt U 2 1. 1'hll. 2-IL I'KIMART TOPIC What John Fwid Atiout Jesua. J UN lull TOPlU-Jnlia Fiwschlng and Uaptising lNTMtMKLMATK AND BKNIORTdTTC , A t'earlvaa liefurmtr. TOl'NU PKOI-UK AJSD ADULT TOPIC -lUptmance: What II la and What It tHrs. I. The Degeneracy of the Times (vv. 1. ). The Jews had sunk to very low level of civil, moral and religious life. Luke carefully enumerates the civil and religions rulers In order to show the profligacy of the times, and there fore the need of a messenger to call the people back to God Olid virtue. Iierod. the son of the !reut, was a murderer. Annas and Culaphas were corrupt ecclesiastical rulers. II. The Nature of John's Ministry (vv. 3-ti). In the wilderness he underwent a discipline which, fitted hi in for his task. Out of the wilderness he flashed forth preaching the baptism of re pentence for the remission of sins (v. 3). This ministry Is declared to be a fulfilment of Isaiah s prophecy. Tlie message was described as one calling ipon the nation to prepare for the coming of the Messiah. This prepara tion win presented under the figure of a monarch of the Fast about to make a Journey. A servunt was sent before to prepare the highway. Valleys needed to I tilled, mountains and hills needed to be lowered, crooked places needed to be made straight and rough places needed to be made smooth. Tin lay before the natiou will receive Christ the valleys need to be filled with righteous deeds, the ex ceeding high mountains nf sin and Iniquity need to be brought low, the crooked dealings of the business world must lie straightened out, and the rough ways of nulions and Individuals must lie smoothed out. Men must re leiit of their sltjs before they can receive Christ. III. The Content of John's Message (vv. MS). 1. 1 'enunciation of Sin (vv. 7, 8). lie called them "a generation of vi pers." This shows that he charged them with deceltfulnesa and wicked ness. Knowing the subtle hypocrisy of these Jews, he demanded evidence of their sincerity the genuineness of their repentance was to be demon strated by their works. 2. Announcement of Judgment (v 1. He dei tared that the axe was luld at tlie root of the tree and that the tree not bringing forth fruit was to be hewn, down and cast Into the fire. John made It very plain that for their sins they should be culled into Judg ment. Raul's preaching; of a Judg ment to come made Felix tremble (Acts 24:2.r.). 3. Instructions to the Inquirers (vv. HM4). (1) The people tv. 1O, 11). Kuch man was to turn from his besetting sin and show love and kind ness to hia fellow men. Clothing and food were to be given those who had need. They were to turn from a life of selfishness and greed and do unto others as they would tie done by. (2) I'ublicans (vv. 12. 13). These tax gatherers who were guilty of greed and oppression were not asked to give up their occupation, but to exact only that which was appointed by law. (:t) The soldiers (v. 14). These were likely the poliivmeu of that duy at leusi men on mllitury duty, lie told them to extort money from no inun, to ac cuse none fulsely, und to he content with their wuges. To all these cliis he made it clear that they should henceforth perform tlieir duty from a motive of love Instead of selfish ness and greed. 4. Testimony to Jesus (vv. 15-1H). The people were musing in their hearts as to whether John was indeed the Messiah. When Johu perceived this be with line humility declared thut his mission was so lowly in com purlson with Christ' thut be would lie uuworthy to perform the men in I act of a slave in loosing the lutchet of Hla shoes. John baptized with water. but Christ, he declared, would buptize with the Holy Uhost and with are. IV. John's Imprisonment (vv. 19, 20). liecause of hla reproof of llerod for hia wicked lewdness and other sins John went to the dungeon. The preuch er of righteousness must become a uiurtyr. Cod's fuithful prophets are usually despised by the world, even cast Into prison, burned, or beheaded. Idleness. Idleness Is the gate of all harins. An Idle man la like a house that liatb no walla; the devils may enter on ev ery side. Chaucer. Life's Ills. Think of the ills from which yog are exempt, und It will aid you to beat patiently those which now you may suffis. Cecil. To Learn to Pray. Ho that will I earn to pray, let Ulu go to oes Herbert. GIRLS DESCEND VESUVIUS'CRATEB Novel Experience of Three Trav elers in Italy. VOLCANO ACTIVE OF LITE Thrilled by Appearance of Insida of Crater the Girls Are Seised With Irresistible Impulse te Descend Into Cratsr Itself Describes Seen aa One Never to Be forgotten Smoke and Rocks Occasionally Belched From Mouth of Volcano. Three Kngllsh girls traveling In Itsly have had the novel exnerlenco of going down Into the crater nf Ve suvius and then nf ascending the In ner cone, which of late has been vio lently active, tine of the three. Mlsa P. M. Woodhouse, In !ie London Sphere, relates the trip as follows: "The day on which two girl frlenda and myself decided to ascend Vesu vius was a gloriously warm and sunny one. A gentle breeze wns blowing from the southwest, snd we could see the smoke from the volcano being car ried Inland to the northeast. We had Intended merely to do the ususl climb op to the edge of the large mouth of the volcano, but when we srrlved there with our guide we were 00 thrilled by the apieararice of the In side of the crater that we were seized with an Irresistible Impulse to descend Into the crater Itself and climb the Inner active cone. This latter rices about loO feet from th level nf the crater floor, and from It red-hot lava and volumes of thick smoke were la suing at Intervals. Wonderful Stillness. T asked the guide If we could go down. He seemed a little doubtful about It. By dint of a little persua sion, however, matters were sutlsfac torlly arranged. What struck me most as we stood on the edge of the crater wns the extraordinary stillness of everything; no stir or sound of any kind except an occasional rumble, the prelude to an emission of smoke and stones from the Inner cone. The dense fumes would fill the crater for a time nnd then gradually disperse. We stnrted to descend the crater wall, walking over lava which crumbled un der our feet. There was no pnth ; we had to follow the guide as best wo could, scrambling down the steep de scent and getting our shoes filled witb ' hot ashes. At lust we reached the level floor, where the going wus easier, though the heat from the earth steadily In creased, and we could now see the red hot lava showing between the cracks on the surfuce. We were approaching the Inner cone, and every now and then were enveloped In clouds of sul phurous gnses which made our eyea smart and gave us a choking feeling In our throats. "Through rifts In the clouds of smoke we could see the Inner cone towering above us, from the top of which belched forth great volume of smoke accompanied by showers of red hot lava. It was really a terrifying spectacle, nnd I realized that a change In the direction of the wind might have most unpleasant consequences. Scene Never to Be Forgotten. "Never shall I forget the scene which greeted my eyes as I stood upon the lip of the Inner cone I Just bo low my feet was a dark and sinister abyss within which thick masses of yellow vapor surged and rolled. Now would come a rumbling, Invreuslng to roar; the heavy smoke showed signs of greater agitation, was finally blown Into the air, and a shower of glowing lava, with fragments, both large and smnll, fell within a few yards of us. It seemed to nie the guide himself wss almost frightened. "We returned In a different direc tion to the way we had come, crossing the floor of the main crater, with Ita rough surfuce of fantastically shaped luvu, somewhat resembling a dried up mud swamp, stained In parts by great yellow patches of sulphur. To my astonishment, on looking at one of my friends I noticed thut she no longer hnd on the pretty rose colored frock with which she had started, but she now wore a dirty green one; only un der the collar and belt could be found traces of the original rose. My ow gray frock had not suffered, but my rope soled tennis shoes which I waa wearing bad become most uncom fortably hot, nnd I noticed that tha soles themselves were smoking. It In terested us greatly to read In the pnpers thnt a few weeks after our sa cent Vesuvius became very active, the Inner cone being partially destroyed, large quantities of risk being thrown Into the air Hnd the sky III up for a grenl dlstnm by the reflection of the volcanic fires." TWO BORN AMID FLAMES Come Into World In Blazing Mater nity Hospital. Two I'd 1 b ben were bom to patient of l.a Mlserlcorde Maternity hisipltal at Quebec during a fire, la which the Interior of the building was destroyed. line of tha children opened Its eye ami ears upon a world of flame, smoke nnd shunting confusion, while the mother wu being carried to a place of sufety. The second wss horn a abort time after the mother had bee taken from the naming baildiug to a uearby shelter.