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0-yot.inHrl t.o the Interests of tlie 3ttoTantaln People REREA PUBLISHING CO. IMCOHKMLATU ) MARSHALL f VAUGHN. Umr Our Threefold Aim! T (ff the News of Berea and Vicinity) To Record tha Happanlnffl af . Berca College; To be of Interaet t to all tha Mountain People. MMU . lUDHAirr I fmtmtd ( ( PmtaUM at flma, .. as Vol. XXTV. Five centa Tar Copy BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, DECEMBER 7, 1922 No. 21 EXECUTE 3 MORE REBELS IN DUBLIN Government's Answer to Opposi tion Protests in DaiL GUILTY OF CARRYING ARMS free State Officer Capture Rebel Doc ument Showing That Irregular Intended to Destroy Communl. cation Throughout Ireland. iMihtln, Ieo. 1. Th government' anawer to the opposition protest In the I m i 1 Kirrami wu the execution if three wore rebel here. The men were captured (M. 30 after pnrtl-lintln In an attack mi Orl. house, headquar I it of the rrtmttml Investigation de partment. They were tried by a court martial mi Nik. 14. The rebels exe cuted were Joseph Spooner, caught Willi a revolver; Put rick Kan ell, caught wllh m bomb, nnd Julm Murphy, caught with three bomb. Rebel Document Captured. Minister of Ix-fense Mulcahy an nounced to the 141 that the Kree flat forced hud cHitureJ documents allowing the Irrcgulur' Intention of Ueolro) Ing communications through out I rein n. I within all week. Itnuila were to lie blocked, canal rendered useless, railroad cut. railroad bridges and station deetroved and train w recked. Treaties and constitutions have failed to convince ninny Irfchinen, al ways auspicious of England, that the old enemy la really leavlnii- How ever, a aimill ailvertliietiient In the morning paper lm awakened Publln In the approaching lilstorle event. A tirtn of a'cnntunla announce 1 1 wit all claims againa! the lord lieutenant muat he presented lief. ire loc. 6. The military unit make a aimllar an nouncement. All Britnh to Leave. The Hrlt Inn evacuation of Puhlln will begin INT. 12 and will be com pleted he fore Christmas. No other r.rltlhh are atntioned In anuthern Ire land except In the I'cttlgo and Itelevk Koctora, which were occupied Inat Juue. These will lie evacuated on Jan. 5 and will be reoccupl.-d by the Free Siaie. ' JAIL FOR AUTO SPEEDERS Drive Against Law Violator I Pro. duclng Good Reiulta In Lo An. gelee, Calif. Iah Angnles, Calif. Two hundred and elgtity-nne eron found to he guilty of traffic violations here dur ing the In at two twin hare aerved or are serving Jail sentences of from one to one hundred day. 11 a result of a campaign to curtail anldcnt inaugu r 11 ted by Police Judge Joseph E. Cham ber and bucked hy other Magistrate. The drive wua started following the publication In newspapers here of the figure allowing Unit In proortion to population Los Angt-le lea (In the na tion In the number of automobile fa ti.lltle. It soon spread to Sun Fran claco, where heavy sentence have been Imposed. Physician, a motion picture actreaa and a high achool teacher are among those receiving enforced vacation from their regular work. t'ton the solemn pledge that alie will adhere ex clusively to horseback riding for the next ninety duy and not put her foot on the accelerator of her machine, Kdlth Sterling, acreen a.ires and lr cu equestrienne, wa released on pa role from the city Jail. Eight 8hipa Scrapped Washington. In explanation of the atatement regarding' the acrupplng of wurahlp made In the House of Com mon by a representative of the British Admiralty, the Britain Em bassy niado public a Hat of eight cap ital atilp already sold or removed by hip-breaking firm for "breaking up." Right other vessels were sold to he In the first stages of scrapping, a de flued In the Washington naval treaty. Tha Embassy atatemojit declared that "none of theae vessel wa obsolete. In the sense of the Washington treaty." Bandita Kill Americana Mexico City. Two American were killed from ambush by bandita who at tacked a party of employee of the Afull Oil Company on the road be tween Ixchutian and Puerto. Mexico. according to newspaper advice re ceived here. In the tlglitlng that fol lowed tha ambush another American la auld to have been wounded, but made bl escape. One Mexican was killed. Radicalism la Spreading Baltimore, M.I. Alvln M. Owaley, national commander of the American Legion, railed for a united stand of tha legiou against tba release of po litical prisoner and against the recog nition of tha RusHlun Government In as addres to tba Montfaucon post VESSEL DELAYED; MAY ASK DAMAGES BOAT WAS HELD UP BY DRY AGENTS WHILE MAKING BOOZE RAID County To Be "Goat" If Suit Are Filed Claim Will Aggregate Hun dred of Thousand of Dollar Deputiea Returned to Port When Liner Laavee Dock. New York. Itamnge suits agulnst New York County, aggregating hun dred of thousands of dollar, loomed a a reauit of the five houra' delay In the falling of the steamship Assyria, for Olasgow, Scotland. Iteputy Sher Iff Iirry ItiMiney and C. A. Nlcholal, who were carried to ea wllh the Asnyrla after they hud delayed the sailing of the liner In an attempt to elxe 4.IXIO mmh of a (hlpment of ILMtt caaea of Scotch whisky on a writ of replevin, returneI to New York on the pilot boat New York, only to face new rompllcnMona. Attorney for the Cunnrd Line, headed by Allen K. Fouler and attor ney for the New York State Prohi bition Knforcement unit, who had or dered the return of the whisky lo the manufacturing dlatlllery In lilaa gow, were not much Interested In the movement of the Sheriff who had been carried to aea a they were In the amount of the Indemnity bond covering Sheriff perclvnl Nugle, whose deputle had Inconvenienced passen ger and freight ''Ipiiera by holding the Awyrlu at her dock for five hours after the scheduled time for her anil lug. the Cunard Une that aliotild thla In It wa the njiliilon of attorney for demnity bind of iav. -e exhausted In Court Judgment Ne Tork County could be held for any further dam age resulting from tht, delay to the Assyria. "If any "age sulta are brought." aid tiiif S'mon, Chief Knforcement Officer, it wuld iear that New York County Is liable." "IhH'sn't If appear that the Sheriff would be the "gnat" In the event of damages being sought by hiper or VsaengersT" lie was asked. "New York County la the 'goat'." he replied. Volcano Eruption Ixmdon. The volcano of Stunih.WI. a the IsIhimI of that name, oft tie roiwt of Sicily, is in violent eruption, ays a dispatch. The volcan.i begun lta violent activities several day at'ii Heavy explosions and earth shock im ciirred. breaking nil the windows on the Island, the whole aurface of which was littered with n-hce, while lava from the crater flowed Into the aea. The sky all uround the vicinity of the Island i clou. led with smoke from the eruption. SECRETARY VAUGHN AT NASHVILLE M. E. Vaughn, College Secretary, has just returned from Nashville, Tenn., where he spoke at the Con yention of. tho Southern Cooperative league, upon the subject of the County Achievement Contost. Thei Southern League is the successor of the Southern Sociological Congress that waa organized ten years ago to study social conditions among all people. The slogan of tho League is, "Let the South's Glory Bo Her Homes." Dr. P. P. Claxton, formerly U. S. Commissioner of Education, was president during the past year. At the Tuesday business meeting Dr. J. P. McConntll, of East Radford, Va.. was elected president for the ensu ing year. The convention waa interested in the County Achievement Campaign, and expressed a desire to see similar programs undertaken over the entire South. CARELESS DRIVING The Y. M. C. A. delegation from Berea was somewhat ahaken up when our Boone Tavern Bua was hit by a ford runabout in the edge of Lexing ton, Sunday night about 9:45 o'clock. We were starting for Berea, after the conference was over. Our driver was leaving the city via Main street with nineteen men in bis heavy bua. Wa were passing the crossing of a minor street at the rate of about ten or twelve miles an hour when suddenly tha Ford atempted to dash in front of us at a break-neck speed. He very nearly cleared us, but a rear wheel caught In our front spring. The old heavy bus waa somewhat jarred but the Ford turned somer saults and did the nose-dive and tail' spin. The driver waa badly cut and bruised and) probably received a fractured skull. His two associates were bruised. One received a badly cut hand and face. Tha wounded were sent to tba hospital. Tho Ford waa completely wracked, for it relied about 60 feet after hitting us. 1 Eliot Wadeworth, assistant secretary 01 u.e treasury, designated to .epresent toe tniteu State in me con ference on allocation of German reparation payments. 2 Typical scene In a metropolitan post office as the work of speeding up tlie CTirlstmns malls starts. Haiti's navy, the Independence, destroyed by Are In Ouaritaiiamo bay, Cuba. BEREA Y. M. C. A. Rerea has the largest delegation of any of the colleges and universi-i E. L. Fletcher and Mis Nora Gab .1 t,a stmient' Conference I bard were united in marriage No- which wa held at Transylvania Col lege, Lexington, Ky., last Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. The follow inn; people attended: Dean F. O. Clark, Dean Edwards, Professor Chidester, Professor Dix, H. E. Tay lor, Benton Fielder, James M. Rein hardt, Charles Morgan, Sam Hughes, Charles C. Graham, J. Bates Hender son, A. J. Russell, A. G. Martin, "Biilie" Brooks, Wm. Wright, Hobart Howling, Brooks Lawson, Van W. Flynn, Jesse Smith, Taul Coffee, Al fa ?rt Heird, Watson Fitzpatrick, Woodward Bowling, Ralph Woodfin, Crsy Williams, Gobel Burton, Jesse Coop, Ernest Barnes, Albert Harri son, Nathan Riddle, and Walter Sim inins. The conference was one of the best it has been our privilege to attend. There were some excellent addresses given by Drr Ilammon," President 0? Transylvania College, Dr. Montgom ery, President of Centre College, Dr. Ward, Pastor of the Centenary Church in Lexington, Thilo C. Dix.,"'8 leV verv willingly con- State Secretary of Kentucky, and , f "ted. nd 8O0n were introduced to Mr. Donaldson, Boys Work Secretary. Some interesting talks were made by a few of the student delegates, also The gorgeous way in which we were entertained by the faculty and stu dents of Transylvania, and also in the private homes of a number of the townspeople, was very commend able. We extend our thanks to each one who helped to make the confer ence a success. President Hutchins led the meet ing in Berea last Sunday evening at 5:45. We were very glad to have him lead, but we were sorry that it came at a time when the majority of the cabinet and some of the mem bers were out of town. We hope to have him again this school year when all of us can be present. JUDGE GILLIAM TO TRY CASE AGAINST HERALD Republican From Eighth Judical Dis trict Named by Governor Morrow Frankfort, Ky., Dec. 6. Governor Edwin P. Morrow today appointed Circuit Judge John H. Gilliam, of Scottsville, as special judge to try theE R Scrivner'a ear when the rase of Judge William C. Halbert, of Vanceburg, against The Lexington Herald and Desha Breckinridge, which Will be called next Monday, December 11. Judge Gilliam ia a Republician and formerly served as commonwealth's attorney of the eighth judical dis trict, of which he is now circuit judge. He succeeded Judge Mc-Ken-zie Moss on the bench. BRITAIN REPAYS $132,000,003 That Amount Ha Been Received by th U. S. 8ine Last April, Say Exchequer. London, Pec. 1. Since April Great Krltaln ha paid the L'ulted State $:t(),rsK),('0 Inteerat and lOl.fslO.lXN.i u principal of her debt, It was stated to common by Stanley liuldwlu, chancel or of the exchequer. It ba not been decided whether the $jO,UuU.OOU pa LI Noveinlier 15 will apply ou luterest ol principal, be added. Final Permanence. Character attalna Dual permanence, and final permanence can come bat ooca. Joseph Cook. FLETCHER GABBARD vember 29 at the home of the bride. Rev. E. D. Gabbard, pastor of the United Baptist church of Owslev county, officiated. The bride is the accomplished daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. K. Gab bard of Owsley county. The groom is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Vance Fletcher of Whitley county. Mr. Fletcher is a Federal student of the Vocational School at Berea, Ky. After spending a few days at the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher returned to Berea, Ky., December 3, where the groom will continue his course in school. On Tuesday night, December 5, Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher were called on by a serenading party composed of Federal Beard students, and the students of tha Vocational Depart- ' merit. --After the groom- ha- intra duced the many members of the party to the bride, he was requested by tho party to take a ride, accompanied by their coach of state, which was an old buggy drawn by some of the members of the serenading party. Their ride was accompanied by the band, which consisted of any of the instruments from a wash tub down to a small tin can. The bride and the groom were made familiar with the different streets of the town, and, upon reaching Main street, they were invited to take refreshments at the Porter-Moore Drug Store. Refreshments were served in abund ance at the expense of the groom. After refreshments had been served, the bride and groom wero obliged to walk home, as their coach had silent ly and mysteriously disappeared. The bride and groom are at pres ent t the home of Mr. and Mrs, Arch Gabbard on Center street, Their many friends of Berea join in extending to them their hearty con gratulations. EDITOR OF CITIZEN INJURE') On Monday morning of this week Jamea M. Reinhardt, the Managing Editor of The Citizen, was injure I in an automobile accident at'Richmona. He with several others was riding in ma chine skidded and ran into a tele phone pole. One other passenger, Caleb French, was slightly injured. All the rest) escaped unhurt. Mr. Scrivner was driving the machine when the accident occurred. Mr. Reinhardt was severely cut on the face by glass from the wind shield, and suffered considerably from loss of blood. lie waa given first aid at Richmond and hurried to Berea, where Lis injuries were given proper surgical attention by Dr. R. H. Cowley and Dr. B. F. Robinson. If no complications occur, Mr. Reinhardt will be at his desk in The , Ciitzen office again in a few days. . NEW BONUS BILL INTRODUCED Washington, Dec. 6. A soldiers', bonus bill similar in many respects to th one vetoed by President Hard- ing was introduced today by Repre- sentative Foster, Republican, of Ohio. It would provide optional plana of adjusted service certificates, vocatim- al aid and farm home aid to tha vet- erana, based on $1.50 a day for over seas service and $1.25 for service at home. BAXTER . RESIGNS AS ROAD ENGINEER Surprise at Regular Meeting of Fis cal Court No Successor Chosen Yet Quite a surprise waa caused at the regular monthly meeting of the Mad ison Fiscal Court Tuesday mornin when the resignation of County Road Engineer J. G. Baxter was presented to the court. Mr. Baxter did not give anv exnlanation of his action, but merely thanked the court for their kindness to him. He made his res ignation effective April 1, 1923. He has served as toad engineer of Madi son for the past four years and dur ing that time some notable work has been done in improvement of some of the main thoroughfares of the county. The members of the cour did not take any action looking to ward filling the vacancy that will be caused by hia resignation. Richmond j Regioter, HARDING RURAL CREDITS MEASURE IS IN TRODUCED Present Loan System Would Be Used as Basis for New Department Washington, Dec. 6. The adminia tration'a program for rural credits legislation became more definitely outlined today with the simultaneous introduction in the house and the senate and of an amended credits bill with new features which were de clared to have the support of Secre tary Henry C. Wallace of the depart ment of agriculture as well as of of ficials of the treasury department and the federal farm loan board. Introduced by Senator Irvine L. Lenroot, Republican of Wisconsin, and Representative Sydney Anderson, Republican of Minnesota, author anl chairman respectively, of the con gressional agricultural commission, the bill would utilize the existing federal farm loan system as a basis by creating within it a farm credits department thru which, it was de clared, potential credit facilities would be provided for farmers' short and long term loans to the extent of at least $600,000,000. SPY WOUNDED, BELIEF Witness in Renaker Case Fire at Man at Window Winchester, Ky., Dec. S. Mrs. Harry Prather, important witness for the commonwealth in the Renak?r murder case, shot and probably wounded an unidentified man who at tempted to spy on her a few nights ago, it became known today. Mrs. Prather asserts that ahe was passing from one room of her home to another, she saw a face at the window. She secured a revolver and fWd at the fare, which waa still at the window. The peeper fled, sho aaid, and she fired again. The man dropped to tho ground, then climbed over a fence and disappeared, she said. Police officers, who were sum- moned, found bloodstains on the fence. The police have given Mr. and Mrs. Prather Instructions to shoot to kill any prowlers seen on their premises. Officer connect this in- cident with the murder case, which will come up for trial next week In circuit court here. Lexington Herald. World News J. R. Robertaoa, Profeaaor History and Political Science Berea College The Conference of Lausanne con tinues to struggle with tha problema of the Near East, A Russian repre sentative has rppcared In the person of Tchitcherin and his influence seems to strengthen Turkey's de mands. At present the question of the Bosphorua and the Dardanellea foremost. The Allies and the U. S. wish them fully free and open to warships as well as to merchant ves sels. Russia supports Turkey In her desire for exclusive control and wishes the straits closed to warships. This la just the reverse of Russia's policy in the past and at one time she broke a treaty in order to rain what she now opposes. A second de mand of the Allies is the right of special consular courts in Turkey to try cases in which their subject are involved. Turkey stands firm thus far against such concession. Aa both sides are holding out, but little progress toward a settlement is be ing made as yet. While the diplomatic conference ia going on at Lausanne, there ia great restlessness among the people About 170,000 of the non-Turkish pop ulation have left Constantinople and Thrace is being deserted equally fast. There is no disposition to risk an other massacre. So great ia the ex odus from Thrace that the popula tion are urging that a plebiscite be taken to show whether or not the people wish to belong to Turkey. The Turks believe that they are nu merous enough to carry the vote in favor of Turkey. In several ways Turkey Is appealing to the principle of self-determination in a way that was not anticipated when that prin ciple was advocated at Versailles to aid in the settling of boundary dis putes. Baron Sonino, the prime minister of Italy at the beginning of the world war, who recently died, was a man of notable record and many fine qual ities. Three times he served aa prime minister with success. He was known as a very silent man, rarely speaking in public. He was, however, able to speak readily five languages and waa otherwise giftei as a statesman. He advocated for Italy a policy of economy, which was exactly the thing Italy most needed. He was not popular with the masseJ because of his policies, but he sought the welfare of his country. He waa strikingly different from the present premier, Mussolini, who is popular, likes applause and seeks striking rather than safe policies for Italy. The new constitution of the Irish Free State, after acceptance in Ire land, is now being considered in the English Parliament Considerable anxiety has been caused by the ex ecution of Erskine Childers, a sup porter of De Valera and the Repub lic. Childers is an Englishman by birth and formerly opposed the radi cal movement. He was a theorist, however, and turned to the otacr side. He waa a man of fine charac ter and attainments and will be re garded as a martyr to the cause of Irish liberty. The charge against him was carrying a pistol contrary to the law. It ia believed, however, that hia death waa sought as a retal iation for the death of Griffith and Collins. This execution threatens to start anew the reign of force, unlesa the. Free State ia in control of the situation. It la hard to see just how Greece ia to profit by putting to death fiv of the ministers whom ahe held re sponsible for the failure of the war in Asia Minor against the Turks. Three of these, Gounaria, States, and Protopapadutiii, are men of much dia tinction. It i true that the morale of the Greek army waa weakened by conditions in the government, but there wero mistakes on the field a well. In fact, the whole aggressive Greek program was ill-advised and gave Turkey the chance to become a victor, renounce the Treaty of Sevres and alter the whole plan in the Near East. Whether Greek impetuosity or some influence behind Greece is responsible, we cannot say at present.