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December 14, HQ
Page Tw) rat cnizcN HEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Aliet Propose P'an for the Free dom and Control of the . Dardanelles. PQSIO CF U. S. STATED Franc Perfects 'regrsnv for Occupa tion ef th Ruhr Iris Free ItJti Formally Established Daugh erty and Mellon Hit Back a Cmice. By COWARD W. PICKARD "" HARQES against Attorney V General Daugherty have bom fllad with the houM com mittee Judiciary, and hi Im. Maehfnant la akd. What la your opinion of tha attomay grv oral and Ma official acta 7 UNAKI.R to reach an inmniMl Just yri concerning the llul nil 0ld Dd the Asiatic frontiers of Turkey, the dt-legates la the Lauaaime cmirer ore touted nvau of their time last week to the proMein of Ue control of the Ihtrrtanellee. Here Die Huaslani came In. and tliey did ll In uay that lnnl dlarupted the conference. II Tehllrheriu, head f the ai.vlet dele tlon. went so far In apparently hacking op ibe Turkish rluitoa for sole control of the at raits that even tsmrt Cash couM not a tree with him. and Lord Curann was bitterly reentful. The Russians demanded the restoration of the IWM regime giving Turkey lull so, rslniy ever the stralta with right to frtlfy them and the convention of prohibiting the pannage of warships at any iIiiml This plan would make of the Hlace sea a Kuaslan lake, elnce it InctiMled the pruvlnloa that Turkey boh iermlt the passage nf Hum an wsrahlns except tinder exceptional clr cuiuslantva. For several dsys neither the allies or the Turks could he persuaded to Offer a defluite plan, earn side Insist-j log tne outer snouia spraa urn. imam Un what seemed like the consistent posufou thai, aa the stralta are really Turklah territory, the a Ultra ought to present their plan Brat. At last the, British. French and Italians reached j aa sgreetnent among themselves and submitted their propunala. Briefly, these pruvldo for free pa mug through the stralta for both merchant shipping and warahlpa, both In peace and la war. excepting only when Turkey la a belligerent. They provide also for a demilitarisation of the straits, com prkdac the Dardanelles and Gsltlpoll, of certain lalanda In the Aegean sea. of all Islands la tha SVa of Marmora ad of both sides of the Bosporus with tha exception of Constantinople, to which the Tarka are to be allowed to kold W.00B troops No fartlflcattona win be permitted k the arena afTocted aod aa battery emplaeetaenu allowed. It ks stipulated that the total toaaage of war vcawola of any on forelga power la the Black sua must aot exceed the aava) atreogtb of tha most powerful Black scs power, and If the Black aea powers should carry out naval disarm ament plana the allies would have the right to keep there three warship apiece. It la provided that control of the stralta aha II be vested In a mill-, tarjand naval com ml anion, represent-: in the pnwera Interested and Invited Including the Cnlted ".tates, Amhaamdor Child now crme for ward with a detailed atarement of the views of the United State government H made It plain thai America's chief purpnoe la to protect American cttl teii and Inatated that American war aliip must haw the rlich to follow Amerli-aa merchantmen and ritUmt anyvhere. in the matter of kei ine the stralta open Child's eutemcfit thus tipnrted tt ooahlon nf the at Ilea hnt he thonctit the freedom of those waters should real kpi atrvw men rather than form. Turkey- plB wa presented Friday. It did not differ radically (mm that of the alllee, except that It provided for the paaite through the straits of war ships singly at Intervals of Dot lesa than one month. Rifft I'naha. military governor of Constantinople, bad some more trou ble with the Britiah last week, HI. police cofitiscated the passports of a hundred Annenlans as they were ahoul to tawrd a ship, on the ground that they were Turklah rltlsena an must Dot leave tl country without Turklah pansporta. British troop thereupon took potmeaslon of the cua toin bouae. posted machine guns and protected the embarkation of the refu gees, ftafet baa reruaed to permit Greek vrnm-l to take any more refu gee from Asia Minor, and gave notlc that within a few daa all Christian remaining in BlacH sea coaatal towna wnuld be removed to the Interior. Kafet Insists the allies are not In oc cupation of Contantlnople and bav no tight to Interfere between him and native Christians. COUKT1N0 on the probable support of Belgium ai d the possible sup port of Ureal Britain, rraoca baa foi mulated a definite plaa for obtain In the payment of reparation from Ger many, and Premier Pol oca re was to lay It befor the supreme council of the allies Saturday aod Sunday In Lor don. This plan, aa obtained by a Parta currespondeat. la: First Occupation of tb eotlr Ruhr district by French troops as a guarantee. If necessary eventually, the actual exploitation of coal mine by tbo French ministry of public aorta. Second 8trlct allied control of rev enues and expenditure of tb relcbs tsg and all German states. Third Allied control of tb relchs bank and absolute stoppage of tb manufacture of German paper money. fourth Collection of Import and ex port duties under allied supervision to be devoted to reparations. Fifth Issuance of external loans aa soon as the German financial situation la Improved. France ministers of finance and foreign affair and ber rep ration delegatea collaborated In this. Britain objection to tb plan aa a whole I baaed on tb facta that ab la now selling great quantities of coal to Franc which would not be needed If tb ftahr la seised, and that H would demoralize Germany at a tlm when Efcgiaod Is trying to sell that country more goods and provide work for some 1800.000' unemployed torn. Chancellor Oune, meanwhile, baa e vtaed a new acbime which bo hope will sorv to prevent radical action by tha French. Ha proposes an Internal gold loan of between 20.000,000.000 and 30.000.000.000 gold marks to b need Jor subluxation and cash repara tions payments, snd be waa expected to toll tb allte that represented Ger many' total capacity to pay. Som days ago tb allies notified Germany It must apologia and pay au Indemnity for attacks on allied officer In. two Bavarian towna. It was under , rannonBonoBOPWWAWWPtiwonnnrinrinnnnonn Repudiation of Loans Made by the United States to Allied Nations By HERBERT HOOVER, Secretary of Commerce. Repudiation of the loans mad by the United States to the allied and aaaocisted nations during the war would undermine ths whol fabric of inter, national good faith. fV, erj Tbea loans are, in fact, debts owing to our V. . .VI tainaver. The were made at the tirpent remieat nf the borrower and under their solemn assurances A J 01 repayment. The loans were individual to eacB n,t'on- The have no relation to other nations or I Av other deb n I fhe American tsxpaycr did not participate in reparations and acuired no territorj or an; other benefit under the treaty a did our debtors. There is no question ss to the moral or con tractual obligation. With the eneption of some minor amounts, perhaps 5 per cent, I km convinced that theae debts can be repaid in some reasonable period of time without realization of the oft-expreaaed undue strain on the debtor countries or the threat of flood of goods from debtor countries in auch quantity a would endanger employment of the factories and work men of the United State. Omitting the poible 5 per cent that is hopelet of collection, it will be found that respective annual payments due to us from ditTereut coun trie vary in their burden upon them from 2 to 12 per cent of their go, ernmental income. If there be aome of the countries who ehculd be relieved of the annual payments for a few years in order to promote economic atauility, then there needs be t demonstration of the fais in n-i-ct to each in dividual country thst would be convincing to America. America has dealt with Europe during the lai-t few tear in terms Of idealism. We have always given; we have uoer rcceited. Berea College Hospital den tq.ipment and Servlr at l-owet Coat. Warda for Men and lor Wort. Ban Parlor, Private Room. Bath. Electric Mervlce. Surf cry, Car in Childbirth, ty. Mom nd.Ear GENERAL PRACTICE Com in Snd visit an Mtahllihrnent. whkh U a lrtnd la need, 4 la m of all tin people. Roaaar H. Cowtai, M D., Phylelan H ablan Uuntav, M l) , Pliyilclan paaaLB Hoave, M. II., Phjrtlclan Mm R.LliaTM U Lawi. R. M., Superlateodent Misa Lall KoaineoM, K. N4 Head Nurae CHANCE IN RATES - Rue for board and ruutn ul privaiv allent will be ij to i r week: fi.go to U oo ner day. The rates for pa tterns carrd for In the ward i 50 per daf. By Order of Prudential Committee, Berea College stood the Berlin government would re main passive In this matter. QCTETLT aud with almost entire lack of ceremony, tb Irish Free State cam Into being on December 6 a historic dste for the Emerald Isle. In the presence of President Cosgravr and bis cabinet. Timothy Healy took tb oath of governor general In hi home in a suburb of Dublin. Then the Dnll Elreann met and all It member, except two who remained away, swore allegiance to the king. President Cos grave named seven of Ma ministry ss members of the executive council and delivered an address In which h praised the British for their gnod faltb In carrying out the term of the treaty and argued for the Inclusion of Ulster In the Kree State. About tb earn tlm King George waa holding a privy council In Buckingham palac and af fixing his signature to the proclama tion estahllaV.lng the Irish rre 8'ate. It Is aald In London the king may go to Publln to open the new parliament If tb Irish ao destr. PRESIDENT HARDING la far from satlaficd with th ship subsidy bill as It paaaed tu houa. It contains a amendment, proposed by Representa tive Madden, requiring annuel appro priations to be Bad for the payment of aiihaldlea. In a letter to Chairman Jones of tb senate com mere eons mi rtao th President aald this provtatoa would Jeopardise th entiv prog rata for aiding th men haul martn hecaua banking Interests would aot Duanc shipping companies under such condi tions. Be declared ho would rather bar tb manuur fall entirely than for congraa to pas a bill "which will bring us to extreme disappointment bo ra um w hsv entered upon s program In a balf-bearted and rather Indiffer ent way." Bom member of th committee sup ported the Madden amenUmeot. so a .... I.. ......... ... . u ltU l- men! but providing that no Increaae In th ecined rate of couipenaatlon shall be made without tb authorisa tion of cougreaa. ATTOR.NET GKNEIIAL DACOtl KKTY la getting "fed up" with the Cootloual attmka made 00 him aud bla offlclul acta and In Lla auaer to the founeeu apecltw-atluoa Bled with th bouw committee Judiciary committee In aup'iort of lb resolu tion propvaliig his Impeachment be uaes vigorous lauguag. He denies seriatim every one of tb charges of failure or refusal to eiifon- autl-truat and other law a, of unwarranted exer due of cleuieticy In lb caaea of Influ ential offender, of neglwl to prose cut war proMteerai aod vf uncouetltu tlonal aud unjuat prw-edur In tb rail toad Injunction caa. Mr. Uaugherty auys Is his reply: "Th attorney geteral cannot acapo tli coodusliM that th aui olijoct ami purpoe of thl pna-eedlng Is not to re sav hln from ofli-. hut Is In tb na ture of aa attempt ... to compel tb publication and tb disclosure la advance of th evidence upon which tb government retire, and must rely, la th investigation sad pruoaoilloo of Important raaea." THE admlnlat ration la out la ths open to Oghi veral Items la th program adopted by th recant caucua of so-called progresalvea of tb senate and nous. For instance, presides Harding has let II be kuuwa that be la opposed to the eugttestod eonatluitloaal amendment providing for the direct election of president and vice presi dent and for convening a new con gress Immediately after election. He tblnka the Constitution should aot a continually tauiperwd with. Becretary of th Treasury Mlloa 1 waa rouaed by the charge, made by Governor Blaine of Wlacouata at the progreaalv meeting, that h waa pro tecting rich tax dodger and permit ting huge corporal loo eurpluaes to es cape taxation. iJriiounelnc thl aa "aw appeal to claa prejudice In a aelflah effort to obtain aom political cap ital," the eecretarv declared that ln com taxes are bring asaeased lo Ibe fall extent permitted by law, and that If th government la to go further In that line, cougreaa must enact new legislation. IN HIS annnal report Secretary Mel Ion recommends, smong other changes: Keductloa In maximum surtax rate. which now reach .V) par cout to aot more tha 29 per cent. Placing of a limitation upon the amount of capital loasea whkh may b applied aa a deduction from net Income In computing taxes. Limitation of case la which secur ities may be exchanged for other aecurltlea without tb reallxatloo of taxable Income to those raaea a here the exrhance haa a connection with the consolidation or merger of two or mnr corporation. As fbr general eonrtltiona, theeoecre fary say the volume nf bustneaa haa bees mounting to higher levels. Ishor throughout the co-ntry Is again fully empln) ed. and the severe depression In agriculture haa been relieved. Bank ing condltlona generally are sound, be asys. money rate are reaannahle, and there la sttfnrtent cred't available to meet all legitimate demand. COAL operators from fourteen state sad representatives of th min J workers last week held their second ' futile coaference It Chicago sod sd- Jonrred to January S. They were quit nnabl to come to an agreement on a age ecale anil working condltlona and many of them admitted that only govern meal tatervwitlun will provost another strike la th sprtsg. Wall Trained. That man, Jones, la a smooth liar, ths smoothest Hsr I bav ever knowa." "Tea: be married a woman who con tinually demands explanations, and hs gets plenty of practice." BEREA T.H.C1 Dr. George Irving:, of ths Interna tirial Committee of the Religious Department of the Young Men's Christian Association, was in Br f-om December 7th to Um 10th con ducting s aerie of meetings in th rhool. He lead th meeting of the Y. M. C. A. on Sunday evening at 4:00 p. m. instead f th usual time, so the young men who go to ths other organisations st 5:45 might attend. The subject was. "Be 8ure Your I Sin Will Find You Out" lie discuss ed the following points lying, swear ing, gambling, sclnahncaa, indiffsr rnc snd impurity. That are nscr or loaa common amors; young men, snd the wsy the speaker dealt with them should be very helpful to each fellow who beard him aad is guilty of any of the above mentioned short comings. At th close of the sddrsss aa Invitation waa extended to thoa-i who wished to accept Christ as that' Saviour and a number tt men re r ponded. Miaa Betty llemdoa east a solo, which wsa very much appreciated by the audience. Sam Hughes, our rice president, snd Mr. Brown of tha State Unlver sity left last Thursday for Atlanta. Ca., to attend a conferee of th Southern Regional PieM Counsel. They are delegates chosen from the universities and colleges of Kentuc ky to rep-esent the same at the South cm Regional Bteetiig. Ws are wry glad to be represented. li mats. Trainer I have only one friend I Tea, only one friend on earth, and tliafa my dog. BtranswwvVhy don't you get aa other dogf A Perfect PolL She sees plenty of Invitations te houae partiee and the Ilka" "Tea. she la so homely that every clrl who sees her wants her to com and epend a week or two." Y. W. C A. December l. 1U A welcome visitor, Miss Pearson, spoke to the Ladies Hall Y. W. group Sundsy evening. Miss Pro, re cent graduate of Kingfisher College, Old., now connected with the Con gregational Extension Sosiety, Is at present making a trip tiara the South. Miaa Fcarsoa Is aa ethsj sstic young person who has found her wo-k fsictnstirg. With grt animation, shs told of bar two years of work in poor, churcbJesa ceasnw nitise which have brought bet such woderfot opportunities to share ber Christian life, and ber talk was S testimony of ths Joy of a Ufs ef serv ice. BEREA COLLEGE OPENED SEPTEMBER 20 An Institution with a Changeless Task in Times of Change nn' ' ' ' ' te " ' " ' ' 1 re-V-Tr ! Suitable Gurses to Meet All Needs COLLEGE (Stuekrd) NORMAL (SuadarJ) ACADEMY (Accrtdiles!) VOCATIONAL (Profeuiotul) FOUNDATION (Gradei) SPECIAL DEPARTMENTS: Religion, Music and Extension Lectures Berea College, Berea, Kentucky, Is located on the border between the moun tains and the Blue Grass. Has 140 able officers and instructors, draws to its cam pus 2500 students every year, a large number from every mountain state and a few from foreign countries. The natural cost of living is low in this section, and good management gives a student the best education for ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY DOLLARS A YEAR. The College, controlled by no religious denomination, cooperates with all and provides religious exercises and education. Tobacco, liquor and the carrying of weapons are strictly forbidden. All students do some manual labor, for which they receive credit on their school bills. Students are not invited who do not believe in Berea's principles. EXPENSES Cheapo lhaa Staring at Hoea Berea'a friend have made It poaaible I provide aa education at a low coat. All Hudeat do oa manual labor which la credited to their schoul bills, while many ear a much ol tbeir way. These low pen. are aot ecured by unworthy deprivation, but iudenl live comfortably l the rate. Haaf day school foe th who brrng most ma ay. AM MP aeta aeeat aaak rosea raiaivatioaa as r by dpa ef four dollars. FALL TERM Incidental Fee for Term Room (and Board for weeks) MIS $6 oo $6 oo '7 S s y Amount due tst of term . , , 33 05 31 30. Board, 6 week, due middle of term 1 54 13 00 Total foe Tots JU 14S.M NOTE College Stedeate ad 1 1 AO a lore to leai. d aUl foot Vocational aad F uadatio) atudaal ua traat St4K) a torm froas ieaiaWal fe.