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The citizen. (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, December 21, 1922, Image 2

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THi CITIZEN
December tU 1023
NEWS REVIEW OF f
CURRENTJVENTS
France May Be Allowed to Act
as Sr.e Pleases and Alone
Against Germany.
Itf AGREEMENT CY PREKTIERS
Lausanne Conference Make ProgrtM
Toward Pae f-ip Subsidy Fight .
On In Senate Lively Testl.
mony In Oaugherty Im
peachment H taring
Death of John
Wanamaker.
By EDWARD W. PICKAflD
T IS announced that Wood row a
1 Wilton will sever hi law
partnership with Bambridge Col
by at the end of thie year, and
many persona think this means
that he will renew hie political
activities. How would you like
to ee Mr. Wilson again a can
didate for the presidential nom
ination by the Democratic party?
. a. aa a a. .fl v w m :a wm m . i asr n. r sb bb. . ..asBBBBSBBk m
1. tlm and still existing ca pilot or Uie new Turkish slate In Aurora. . ciimiicor s tliu.i.g oi l..e proposed
eomhlnatliio cantilever and suspension bridge across the (Jolden Gate at Sun r'rnncls. . 3-Hubert Muyuurd
Hutcbltie, twculy-three yeiirs old, elected secretary of Yale university to succeed Anson Phelps Stokes.
Berea College Hospital
(test Equipment and Servfc-e si l-ow- l Coal. Wsrde for Mr and lor W or tea.
Sun Parlor, Private Rim m. Hatha, Kleclrkr Service.
Surgery, Care in Child-birth, Eye, Nose) and. Ear
GENERAL PRACTICE
0
Cmne in and tint ait rtailiahmerii. which l a Irlend In need.
aiid In .a. ii of all Hit p le.
Robkrt H IVwin. M l , rhyalrlan
It a at I i Hi in av. Mil , I'liwii ian
rsAsl.lt Hiikv. M. 'htclan
Nii-.ii Klixaiiki ii I.. I.wi, R. N , Huperl
Mm I.ai la Kobixson, R. N., Head I
Inlearfenl
Nurse
CHANGE IN RATFS
Ratr for board and rtx.in ol pmi latirnta will be l to
tt, er seek : $J 50 to no per day. The rales for pa-tirn-icand
lor In the saritu i o r daf.
Bt Ordrr of Prudential Commltlee. Meres Collets
...... .......v4
FRANCE la to be left to act a she
sees HI ahen Germany default oo
tfee reparations payments lu January,
bat she will not have the active sup
port of Ureal Britain. That appears la
be the solo outcome of the meeting of
the allied premiers In l-oniloo from
which so much was expected. First,
they tlutly rejected the lentuttve plu j
offered by Chancellor Ohio, which wail
surprise to Merlin. Then the varl-'
us premiers suhmilted thfir proposals. '
ami afier ilim-UMHioii they merely ad-1
Jnuriied unlll Junmiry 2, when they i
eel in Carls. I'uiin'Hre's plan. Inclutl-'
InK the occupation of the Uuhr nnd
EMen. has been told before. Musso
lini for Italy offered a program for the
cancel In i Ion of Inierallied dehta In re
turn for reduction of German repnra
tlona. with Ureal Brltuin not making
dMnlitlons difttcutt by asking thai
America cam-el the debt owed it. He
aaid If such a plan could he adopted. I
Italy would help Germany In the task
of reconstruction; If not, then Itnly
would back Trance in any action she
sight decide upon.
Itonar Law clung to his policy of
"tranquillity," and made It clear thai
the British government would be quite
willing to reconsider the question of
a cancellation of the Trench debt, pro
vided auch a step was made possible
by a reparations settlement satisfac
tory to Ureal Britain. Later he virtual
ly told Polncare that If the French In
sisted on eeltlng physical pledges for
German good faith. Ureal Britain,
while It could not approve actively,
would not oppose. The British re
fused to he associated In any effort tc
Induce the United Sta'es to cancel Iti
debt, and Mussolini thought America
should b left out of the discussion of
tbe problem.
There was Intimation from Paris thai
Polm-are, when the time comes, may he,
satisfied wltb non-inllltary measure
against Oennany. but ha has tbe back-,
tmg of hla cabinet In any case. Some
ceanproniise) may be reached In the,
Parle meeting.
VISOOUNT GREY, former British
fiMvlim minister. BDeuklns In the
house of lords, said the failure of the'
Cnlted Stales to rnl'fy (lie rranco
American inmty alter the armistice
which provided France with effect I v
guarantees against Invasion hy Oer
many, is al the hot torn of the whoU
reparations and war dehta tangle. Vis
count Grey said the real motive Im
polling the French seizure of the Ruhl
was not lo gain money, but lo ohtuir
security. This security France feel
II does nol have so lon' as America
refuses to pledge aid should the nee
arise.
PUF.SIMENT II A RHINO'S admlnl
trillion flrmlv ma n'aln Its positloi
that Geriiian reparation and tlie nil e
war debts are scpnrute and !Mi
mitlers: lliBt the dehta should le o
and that the reparations should le ad
justed on a basis of Germany's riiiu
hility to iay. However, Itcpresrnla
tlve I'.tirton of tihio. a member of the
debt refunding commission, has put
forward a suggestion for giving Europe
tinuticiiil ul.. It Is. hi'ieMy, that while
the principal of loans repaid hy the al
lies is used to retire Liberty bonds us
contemplated hy law, the Interest he
re-loaned "under projM-r auervlslon
for security for purposes of expans'on
and betterment In the countries which
pay." Such loans, he holds, would en
large the resources of debtor countries
and eiihunce their ulillity to meet their
obligutiuus.
GOOD progress was made last week
by tbe Neur Lust conference In
Luusunne. Must of the time wus
glveu over to tleuiauds by the allies
that the Turks give sultuhle guarantees
for the satety of Christian uituorities,
especially the Anueniuns, and to dis
cussion of Uie propuaitiun. Lord Cur
son, spokesman, for tbe allies In this,
was supported to a considerable exte.a
by American Ambassador Child, who
not only stated bis position before the
conference, but called on Ismet Pasha
uud tried to ludut-e biin to agree to a
compromise. Lord Cureon insisted
that Turkey should Juiu tbe League of
Nations and consent to tbe establish
ment of commissions to supervise and
assure protection for the Christian
minority populations. Ismet protested
that tbe presence of sui-b commissions
in luikey would result in the defiance
of Turkish rule and sovereignty, tie
said be would accept a plun to put the
minorities uu the sume footing as the
iuiiuirlt.es in Itiinuinlu. Juo-Klavla,
and Czechoslovakia, as provided In
other treaties. He poln.ed out that In
none of these countries does the League
of Nations uiuiiitnln comiiiisslons to be
a constant source of trouble.
Lord I'urzou's reply was that unless
Turkey yielded on this point, the con-1
ference would come to un end. Ismet
took u day to -inisider this, and then
announced that Turkey would Join the
League of Nations us soon as pe
wus signed. As the league exercises
general supervision over minority popu
lations, this was taken as inclining Mint
Turkey will accept the league's super-j
vision over the Christ an tuitiorit c In i
tl at country. I sine I. however, ins ste A.
Turkey would not establish a national '
home for the Annen ans. The allied;
delegates expressed their sat sfiu tion 1
wlili the Turkish decision and assured
Ismet the rights of his country w ouln ,
not be Infnnged.
While on the subject of conferences. I
brief nu n1 mi must be made of tl.i t In
Mosi ow wh.-re Russia and I'oluml and'
the I'.altlc states have failed to reui b
un accord on non-aggression and dis-
armntneiit. I'oluml and the Laltlt
states presented un ultimatum, thut a
uionil disnrniament or tion-nggre-islon
pact could be s'gned Immediately, let
ting the commissions discuss material
disarmament later. The Russians re
fused any pact unless It included actual
disarmament, as they said I heir chlel
reason for calling the conference wai
to relieve the burden of taint lor
caused by large armi-s. The confer
ence therefore broke up.
THE house appropriations commit
tee. In reporting the naval bill cap
rylng appropriations of $9.1,8D0k8
requested President Harding to nego
tiate with Great Brltuin. France, Japas
and Italy for extension of the anna
ment reduction treaty to cover swlfi
cruisers and fleet submarines, and fm
the limitation of aircraft. The report
said foreign nstlons were plannlni
large cruiser and submarine programt
and thut if the competition la nol
checked this government will bave t
follow suit.
DEMOCRATIC senators starter
their fight on the ship subsidy bill
Harrison of Mississippi frankly atat
Ing that obstructionist tactics wouli
be neil In the effort to sidetrack th
y bills designed to hr:nj ie Yf lo .!
farmer. He was given plenty of as
distance by his party colleagues am
by Republicans who dislike the bill
Senator Jones of Washington, support
ing the measure. Insisted that It Is foi
the benefit of the fanners, offering n
siimnce of adispin'e transportiit'on
their trodiicts to foreign markets. Ni
tlo-r tcjvlutloii except possibly a mm
-dli bill, he Mild, vns of g regie
rr-im-e to the farmer, and In
added that when the hitter nieusure
waa rvuily he would he willing to la
aside the subsidy bill temporarily if It
had not been pusscd hy men.
EVIDENCE for and against the move
lo Impeach Attorney General
lliiiglierty made the sess.ons of tin
house committee on Judiciary exceed
lngly lively. In support of the charge
thut the chief law oincer hud knowing
ly appointed unlit persons to oil'n e tin
case of Will. am J. Burns, whom he
uiude chief of the liureuu of Investiga
lion, wus cited, letters from lliief
Justice Tuft written when he was
President and from George W. Wicker
sluiiu written when he was attorney
general, strongly condemning the ac
tions of Hums In the Oregon hind
1'ruud cases, were read Into the record.
Sumuel Gompera' sit-retury testiliel
thut lie called the letters to the alien
tlon of Mr. Duugherty before Bums
wus appointed. Next duy senator
Johnson of Calif omla took the stand
and testified that he recommended thi
appointment of Bums and that "on a
question of veracity between Wicker
sham and Burns, I'd take Burna." In
his own behalf Burns swore the Wick
ersham letter was "a tissue of false
hoods." lie said Gomners had hound
ed him ever since he caught the Mo
Nainara brothers In the Los Angeles
Times dynamiting case, and that Gump
era, bearing the prisoners were about
to admit their guilt, sent an agent to
Los Angeles to stop the confession.
Thereu)OD Oompers went on the stand
and said this charge waa without the
slightest foundation.
Chairman McChord of the Interstate
commerce commission waa called to
testify aa to the fullure of the Depart
ment of Justice to enforce the sufeti
appliance and locomotive Inspectloi
law. He testified that Iiuugherty hn!
co-operated with the commission to th.
best of his ability.
ii, piesentative Kel'er of Minncsoti,
who pieiencd the charges a.;u list th
attorney general, ai.d some others wer.
dissatisfied with the attitude of tin
committee and suld It evidently Intend
ed to "whitewash" Mr. Duugherty. al.
Keller finally declared angrily that In
would pristex-ute the charges no furtbei
before the cotutnltlee.
SEVERAL recommendations of tin
coiimilshlon appo.nted to prepar
a I'lun of govertiuieu'ul reorgunluitiu
have been submitted to 1'iesideiii
Harding, perhaps the mi sit Important
being a Consolidation of the War ai.
Navy departments into a department o.
national defense under oue cubinei
member with assistants in cliurge ol
each branch. Tlie hydrogriiphlc ilc.
of the nuvy, the coast geodetic aurve
and all map making and printing won
would be under the iH-pai tuient of Coi.
tnene. The Presiileiit, It la sa.d, Ih n.
well of this pluu and may luy it befui.
congress sonu.
Till Supreme court dvcldi-d that a
poi son can be prosecuted and pun
Islied by both tbe (cilcrul and siule uu
tborltles for a Single violation of Hi
prohibition ad. Uepreseu:utive Itren
nan of Mb bigan has introduced a b1
designed to prevent such a doubb
prusc ution. Ii and wet leaders un
quarreling over the Interpretation ol
the President's language comcinini.
prohibition uloncioont in his iaesaa'
lo congress. The former assert It wa
an iiinURlitled Indorsement of the Vo
stead act. The bitter, as represents
by Cupt. W. II. Si.iyton. nay: "To an
fuir uiimled iersoii it is ohvloua that
In I lie i'reslileiit'e message, itie ques
tlon of the enforceubillty of tbe presen'
fui allcal Volstead act la drllultely
ruls-il."
POPE PICK held his first aecret con
! story and appointed eight new
cardinals, one of them being Mgr. Join
Hon m no, until reiily stptd dele
gale to Washington. On Thursday, Ir
a public consistory and with great cere
niony, the pope invested tlx of then
with the red hat and the rochet; tin
other two were not present.
JOHN WANAMAKER, tnerckam
prince, philanthropist and formei
postmaster general, died In his Phllailel
phla home on Tuesday. Ills funeral or
Thursday was atlended by many of th
most eminent Americans snd waa thi
occasion of a tribute unaurpaased It
Philadelphia A thoroughly goot
American citizen baa passed.
REPORTS
NDICATE
iUSIRIAL BOOM
Big Increase in Sates of Basic
Commodities.
EETTER RETAIL BUSINESS
Heel Heel
"Ho you think I can make her hap
py?" "Well, she'll shvays have some
thing to liiurh at." London Opinion
Department of Commerce Figures fer
Month of October Shew Great Im. 4
provement Export Trade Snows
Great Gain,
Washington. I Ms-. 8. Further fig
ures received by the iH-purlmenl of
Commerce, in colnM-vlkiO Willi its a)
monthly survey of current busim-as,
allow even greater Industrial activity
in tktober Iball pievMiuaiy repoited.
it wua unnouiiced liere. The output
of uliiuM all hualr i-oiiinoxlii ie
allowed large in reatses ws.ictiioea
even in the fai-e of au e pec led aea
m.nal decline.
Pig Iron Leads.
The fudiiwiog llsl. aiming ot tiers,
allowed the lure-t output fur IKIober
for any iihmhii since IITJO; pig 1iod.
stcvl liigms, iukr, cupper, a i of. cement,
brick, muple tloorli g. North I'mioIiii
pine, p-li. ilen in, knit uinlerwrm. and
the consumption of cot I on. allk und
new a pi nil puprr. Incrmar are
sliowu in the activity of ail diainbu
llvo movements.
Bank Clearings Large.
Kales by deparlmeul alorea, chain
alores ui.d uiull order Iwusa-s show
large ln reuses, and far alHwd of Itw
same Hi last ear. The stiine la
true of wboleaule trade. The larger
volume of bank clearings sad 'he
git-iiter deiiwiida for BMina-y Heairly
Imllcate ih counlry'a expanding bus
In.-s.. Kx.ri trade, al SaTJ.UBJ.iaai for
licluber. Is the largest for auf Ul"0lh
iiiie March. llrJI.
FOR CONSTITUTION CHANGES
Senate Subcommittee, Presided Over
by Senator Cummins, Indorses
Three Amendments.
Washington, Dec. Pmrmeaol roav
stltutlonal amendmenta to permit fed
eral child labor legislation, control et
pendlturea of candidates for office and
provide a presidential prefereni-e pri
mary were Indorsed hy a suhcnnunlt
tee of the senate Judiciary committee,
presided over by enslor Cummins
Efforts will be made to nave all three
amendments adopted at this session.
WINTER TERM OPENS JANUARY 3, 1923
An Institution with a Changeless Task in Times of Change
r i i i i iii ii n
rMwn ii aiai ui 4'',vrw)rn'-:-;,i.ii iiiii
1
W$i w - i,u (v-. .. . 'Ii
o v7) W " " " v.
. aj'ju.
Suitable Courses to Meet
Ail Needs
COLLEGE (SUxUrrJ)
NORMAL (SUndtrd)
ACADEMY (Acae&etJ)
VOCATIONAL (Pr(essiil)
FOUNDATION (dUt$)
SPECIAL DEPARTMENTS i
Religion, Music and '
Extension Loctures .
Berea College, Berea, Kentucky, is located on the border between the moun
tains and the Blue Grass. Has 140 able officers and instructors, draws to its cam
pus 2500 students every year, a large number from every mountain state and a few
from foreign countries.
The natural cost of living is low in this section, and good management gives a
student the best education for ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY DOLLARS A YEAR.
The College, controlled by no religious denomination, cooperates with all and
provides religious exercises and education. Tobacco, liquor and the carrying of
weapons are strictly forbidden. All students do some manual labor, for which
they receive credit on their school bills.
Students are not Invited who do not believe in Berea's principles.
EXPENSES
Chess tfca SUyksg al Ha
Berea's friends have made It possible to provide
sa education at a low coal. All students do soase
manual labor which la credited to their school Mils,
wbil inaay earn much ol their way. These lew ea
penaee are not secured by unworthy deprtvalktae,
but students live Comfortably at these rales. Half
day echo! fee these wke a Mac saiaif AM
aaaJkMU am at aaabe roses ranrvalaa aa sdisaai
by deposit el four dollars.
WINTER TERM
Maaj woetaa)
Incidental Fee for Term . . . . 6 uu fo e)
Room (sad Board for 6 weesi) , . 14 90 S340
Amount due flrtl of term . . . jo 90 Me
Board, weeks, due middle el term ia ig a
TetaJ fw Teres $47.40 MsV40
NOTC-CoUaa StwaWa sdl 11.00 a taesa to
A. mtmi tmmt V.Ma.ul mmA J " - -
trssi fiJBHj a israa ire

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