THE HICKMAN COURIER,
Terms of Subscription to-
THE II I C K M A X CO URIES
$3.00, Invarfably in Advane.
rriunu ktcky njltckuat, t
Warren & SXartin.
a tk orar of Jackson and Kentucky ats
Clubs of ten, to the same. pest ffie f 3
HICKMAN, FULTON COUNTY, IvEMUCKY, SATURDAY, APRIL 25, 18G8.
Hick ma Coiaim,
Attorneys at Law.
T. O. Goalder, Handle & Tvler, A.
. Kinsman, B. R. Walker, John A.
Lauderdale, Jehu W. Cowgill, L. M.
tfiebol, Oscar Turner, J. G. Smith, Troy,'
. Pri. Gour'ey &, Corbett. Carter Blaa
toa, H. C. Catlett, A. A. Faris.
, Dry Good..
J. Amberg, Wto. B. Benny, Wolf &
Plaut, J. H. Davis, J. 8. Hubbard.
' Drug Stores. j.
' C. A. Holconibe, W. R. Walker.
Millet & Roalhac, V. A. McCutchen,
H. C. Bailty, C. Ledwidge.
. $ Saloons.
Join Heinz, James Parkerr Jshn
Witting. J(n Semonese.
Ilardxcars and Tinvsare.
?t. P. Harness. S. N. White. ' '
Btndurant& Drewry, Overton,"SteeIe
Kirkpatrick & Bro.
: m . Cigar Manufacturer,
mtmmmmmmsit rr '--
. Wagon Manufacturer!.
Ilertwiek L Baltzer.
Louis PeridQB, E. Cast.
Phillip A. Kaiser.
- XI. 8. Campbell.
E. Margraff & Co.
Fruit Tree Xursery.
earga E. Rogers.
Jlouse a, id Sign Painter,
Tboncaa II. Jones.
Merchants' Union Exprrss; Southern
Express; Overton, Steele s. Uo., Agents
F. Bartoldus, Charles Oswald.
B. C. Ranuge.
', 5. H. Dodds, Tom. W. Collier.
IS. M. Robinson.
J. IT. Davis.
" Wm. B. Phuiimer.
Watchmaker and Jewelry.
Jebn D. Walker, A. Plaut.
- Boot and Sho Shop.
George Wehman, Casper Sohm & Co.,
Julius 1 renz.
KA SIl rLLE DIREC TOR Y.
Ewins& Co., wholesale grocers and
amission -merchants; L. L. Coleman,
wholesale draggUt; Paul, Tavel & Man
ner, booksellers, stationers, bookbinders,
and job printers; II. A. Huntington,
dealer in fine cutoui niade clothing and
p-entleanen's furnishing goods. Hotels
Si. Cloud, Sfacey House, Mansion House,
7 '" ""t Jaaea Broa.. Cartmell Si Drury, cotton f
fca.ftrs sad cotuunssion merchants.
ardncr, Noel k Co., forwarding and
Mycr. Sam'l. Landrura.
City Judqe. J. H. Davis.
Clerk. J. II. Morehead.
Mrthml. I'at -Cunningham.
County Jndge. B. U. Walker.
County Attorney. II. A. Tyler.
Circuit Court Clerk. W. II. Brevard
Covnfv Court Clerk. Jno. A. Wilson
SheriJ. Wm. Herrin, office at City
Deputy Sheriff. Henry Campbell
See with J. A. Lauderdale.
Croner. M. L. McJilton.
Jvilor. G. W. Stubblefield.
Magistrate. District No. 1, E. G
Kimbro. Jacob Bushart. Constable
Ceorze Morria. District No. 2, Owen
Miles, and Alfred NaylOr. Constable
Wm. II. Roper. District No. 3, J. W,
Maya and John Boyer. Constablij
George M. Wilbourn. District No. 4
J. N. Hawkins and It. Cross. Con
stable L. Everett.
County Atsrssor. Wm. Hubbard.
U. S. Attestor. T. C. Buck.
U.S. Rev. Collector. II. C. Catlett
Judoes. Court of Common Pleas
Bd Crossland. Circuit Court K. I
, Commonwealth's Attorney. J. Tice.
Register in BanJcrHptcy. Charles S
Sale and Livery Stable.
Wm. B. Flummcr.
Horses, Buggies and Hacks kept ennstant-
ij en hand for hire and sale.
Thankful for patronage heretofore extend
i aad solicits a continuance of same.
LEE M GARDNER,
W. T. NOEL,
' Formerly o
GARDNER, NOEL & CO.,
Forvrardiugr and Commission
and Special Railroad
Agents, Xo. 6 South
St J- Liberal CASH ADVANCES made on
consignments of Cotton, Tobacco, Pork,
floor, &e. Special attention given to Buying,
Stllinc, ami Filling Order.
Wm. B. .Benny's
Chick Sales and Small Profits !
RY COODS, CLOTIUXO, BOOTS,
ShecM, Hats, Trunks, etc. jan5 ly
The hixhi.t cash pries paid for Furs aad
Cat cm of Advertising:.
One square, ten lines or less, one inserting
Sl.oO; each subsequent insertion oOc
r " 2
44 - -44
Fourth column 1 month
u g u
14 0 -
M Ifl it
Half column S months
it g ti
44 12 -4 -
- 40 00
Ob column 2 months -
6 " -12
ForFteie Officers -- - ' . $10 00
For County 44 v- 8 00
For Municipal Officers' - - 6.00
y- Marrlarrs and Ueatlm.
wfH'i Notices of tlic aTtove cs-aclr wll7.'f in-
erted rree-Oi-tharge. Ubituarien and trib
utes of respect inserted at $1 CO per square.
taT" Adrertisements in Local Column i
for four Hues or less and 20 cents for each
Pef Voluntary communications, contain
ing ineretnig news, solicited from any
quarter. News letters from Western Ken
tucky and Tennessee especially desired.
PRO FESS10N A L.
T. O. GOALDEH,
Attorney at Iavr,
GENERAL COLLECTING AGENT
WILL promptly attend to all business
entrusted to him in Southwestern Ken
tucky and West Tennessee.
C. U EASPLt.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Collectors, Real Estate Agents,
fi3r Will attend promptly to all business
tatrusted them in Southwestern Kentucky
and Northwestern Tennessee.
Special attention given to the investiga
tion of Land titles, and the purchase and
sale of Real Estate. dec251y.
B. It. WALKER, JOHN W. COWGILL.
WALKER & COWGILL,
Attorneys at law,
HICKMAN, - - - KENTUCKY.
ILL practice together in an ' ne. 0"rts
nf .iilhrixlrrn Kentucky t outltv. -
Quarterly and Justices Courts excepted
... - '
and in the Courts of West T.-nneee. j
Claims promptly collected and remittances 1
" " " irrMcn: - j
ntrhrtan. Kv.3. S .Hubbard, and Joseph 1
Aoiberg; Louurille, Ay. R. A. Robinson &, V T 1 t 11 v 1
Co., Wm. Y. BuMock ; Cincinnati, O.- Hyvdeu . vixen. o ! these should not be the rea
S Wilson; FitiliiJelphia, 'Pai. R. ("amp- j gon3 We were tausht that our iuflu-
bell S Co., Moltun, Sibley & iooirun.
Attorney at Law,
RQULHAC El LAUDERDALE,
Atcrseys ani Counselcrs At Law,
HICK MAX, KY.
WILL attend promptly to the collection
of Claims, to th4 investigation of Land
Titles, purchase and sale of Real Estate, aud
tbe prosecution and defence of 'suits in
Southwestern Kentucky, Northwestern Ten
nessee, and tbe adjacent part of Missouri.
Kg?" Office in Millet's Ulock. lec25Iy
G. S MITE,
Attoruej at Latv,
Troy, Ten 11.
SPECIAL attention given to collecting,
and to tha investigation of Land Titles,
HAS SESCMEI) Tni
I A IV,
ix tub cocntiis or
rULT'OX, UlCKUAX AXD GRA V'E.
AND will attend promptly to all business
entrusted t his rare in said counties,
and also in the other counties in this Ju
Address either TADCCAII office, or
PLAXDVILLE, Ky. aug31 tf.
A. L FARIS, M. D.,
OFFICE LANDRUM BLOCK,
HICKMAN", : : : KENTUCKY.
OFFERS his professional services to the
citixens of Hickman, and vicinity.
H5X ji-. lllSlLfeiiiaVosm.
OFFICE NEXT DOOR TO
ZE2-AZEsTTDXjIE & TYLER.
t Residence at MRS. ANDERSON'S.
Drs.' Gourley & Corbett,
Having formed a co-partnership, offer their
united professional services to the public.
OFFICE OX CLIXTOX STREET
Over W. R. Walker's Drug Store,
d4'51y HICKMAN, KY
OR. II. C. CATLETT,
OFFICE AT HOLCOMBE S DRCQ STORE
Dr. Catlett caa be f.und at aizKt at tke
Tub followinjo-autiful and touching
poem written bjr. P. O. Ticbnor, of Co
lumbus, Ga., is takeu from that excellent
periodical, " The Land We LoTe:"
The writer hopes that the following lines
may embody as much poetry as truth, for
they are, he fears, the sole monument to
Out of the focal and foremost fire-
! Out of the hospital walls, as dirs;
Smitten of grape-shot and gangrene.
(Mghteenth battle, and he sixteen;)
Specter, such as you Seldom aee
Little Giffcn, of Tennessee I
44 Take him ? and welcome!" the surgeon said,
44 Much yur doctor can hlp the dead!"
And so wo took him, and brought hn where
The balm was sweet on the Summer air ;
And we laid him down cu a wholesome bed
Utter Lttsarus, heels to head
Weary war with the bated breadth.
Skeleton boy against skeleton death;
Months of torture, how many such !
Weary weeks of the stick and crutch !
Still a gljnt jn the steel bine eye
Spoke aa spiritthat teouUn't die !
And didn't ! oyv moro t in dtah's despite,
The crippled tkeltyn'lenrnrj to writef
44 Dear mother," at first, of course, ahd then
' l'ear Captain, inquiring about the 'imen
tCaptaia'a " nr e f : 44 Of ' eighty and ifiT,
uiiii'o u a i j ! rt ft
J6unrtm-s-presed t the front thay say
Little Giffen was up and away I
A tear, his first, as he bade good-bye,
Dimmed the glint of his steel-blue eye ;
u I' II vrrite, if rpartdf There was news of
But none of Giffen he did not write I
I sometimes fancy that when I'm king,
And my gallant courtiers form a ring.
And each so thoughtless of power and pelf,
And each so loyal to all but self,
I'd give the b'tt. on his beaded knee
Yea, barter the whole for the loyalty'
Of little GifTen. of Tennessee!
An Ervy deliver td to th Good T'mplart in
Ilieknan, on the night of April ith 1668,
by Hklen M. Simmon. n
Brothers and Sisters: We have
once more been permitted by kind Provi
dence to meet together around " our
common altar," and now, before we sep
arate from each other, some of us per
haps forever, let us look into our hearts
and ask ourselves if we have in any way
violated our obligation ?
Did we, sisters, in taking upon our
selves the pledgqsO abstain from intoxi
cating beveragejJioose sight of other
points in that obligation pertaining more
particularly to us ? " '
Did we join the Good Templars fear
ing that our downward, staggering, reel
ing course, would cause us to fill a drunk
ard's grave? Was that vow administer
ed to us with the faiutest idea that we
would ever go into a whiskey-shop and
order even so small a thing as a lemon
ade, flavored to suit the taste? What,
then, induced us to enlist under this
j glorious banner ? Was it what is called
j glorious banner
1 , , ... . ...
t woman s lectting Sin curiosity
iatPful trait of character that I can re-
neile as belonging to no being but
that of a withcrcd-up. loutt-nosed, sharp-
i ..:., -.l .,.. l.,;,o.l l.l
j enec vras tiecdeJ here. Do we inJeed
j then know our duty ? If so, do we prac
tice it? Do we realize that one preat
duty is to le present in the Lodge roouf
when it is possible ? Do we feci that it
is our duty to show to the sneering
world that w countenance the institu
tion, to show to our brethren that we ap
preciate one place of social resort, where
the disgustiu fumes of whisky do not
offtnd the olfactory nerves. I, for one,
fee! pround and grateful to know that
there is one placyrTf safety where nijn
are known to their natural senses ;
that there is one institution which binds
us together in brotherly love, where we
kuow that thecaue we are engaged in
is a glorious cause ; that there is honor
to be gained in it ; that it is a righteous
cause, for it brings us to the very door
of religion. We know that we can never
be chritinns, can never win that precious
diadem, that star-gemmed crown of im
mortal glory, uutil we are sober and
temperate men and women. Temper
ance is the stepping stone to Christianity,
and what is more beautiful to behold for
a cultivated mind than the christian's
happy home. I love that hearth where
uiht brings her loved ones from their
daily tasks, where virtue spreads herj
spotless wing, and tbe foul perpentsofi
vice and intemperance never appear.
There the father sits iu joy, and the i
cheerful mother smiles, while, perhaps,
her laughter-loving cherub boy, beguiles
the eye with hia sportive tricks. What
a contrast between this mother's home
aud the mother, who, once the petted
belle of fashion, now sits pale and tremb
ling beside her dying child, awaiting
the return of hin who swore to love and
protect her but iustead, comes, bloated
with whixky, "staggering into the pres
ence of the once beautiful girl, whose
shivering form, aud tear-stained cheeks,
and hollow eyes, stotfps over that inno
cent babe the pledge of trusting love
and gazes upon it, where that beautiful
bud of maternal love, so pure, first open
ed, betokens the want and suffering
brought in by that demon iutemper
anca ! Who can gaze on the sad picture
without emotion, as upon its little mouth,
half open with soft quivering lip, she
gently lays her checks, but no warm
breath is felt? She receives no answer
ing kis. Wljcrc is her protector now?
Insensible he sits there, soaked through
with the delicious poison I Look again
into the . homeSf the temperate and
christian mau. 4biting scandal grates
on the ear, or scalds the tongue. But
kind words aud encouragement to the
erring are spoken. One more duty which
we should observe as christians and
Good Templars is Charity toward our
lrthrrn and n.-i'-lif"r.. W'c caucar'a-
ly be too charitable wbn speaking c
their faults. We areTSo careless in thi W Mippi.
A , . . , ,- it 1 he v icksburg papers have several
respect. - We seem to forget tha 6ts' . . , . . ' ' ,, ,
. - aV 'y4im3. within the lat two years, called
ties which fund us together the so im"-. . , , , . ,
- .. yy. .attention to the f;ct that there is daoger
fiws of conltancy we h.ive .ftiJftepr SouV ... . V
ave the habit of speakin if.'alf, f.i. .
. , . . . -j U i.ior itself a new channel, s
contemptuously, with imac?.-" ,'lascP-TT- , , .,
e x. 4t. lcksburg a mile or two
of each other in their ab? V' j ?. , .
,. , A .ii ' . , country, divested of its nv
ever alluding to a goodfJ" "' ?U'eti J'. . , t
f, . n -"n ipommcrcial advantages. Ti
possess. here is notlj j .wr f f b
f , , . . f J - : .Ulerald once more calls att
tsble than this in socieWrSiiv , . . ,,
, ..... JL subject as follows:
have the habit of speakin ialr,
, . , , , .. . .
oeiween mose wno ougnt to live m peacaway tlie po!ut oppos;te tl,;8 piace, nd
and harmony. It is sometimes donU is forming a large sand bar on the Jlis
from thoughtlessness, Lut oftner frou sissippi shore, which is forcibly throwing
selfishness and envy. Let us theifrbjl le cnrr!ut "g"nat the Louisa na side,
fore we condemn our neighbors withotf
cause examine ourselves, and see if1 w
rewj.triut blemish. It would be better jrilly change the entire course of the
-rM'to consider the noble desti jver,"if something is not soon done to
whicHll mankind rtake of in or? Invent it The canal liable to be cut
. , - , f- , Tlirouch by the natural action ot tlie
mon with-oursclves, both as re?pect current is uot the one dug by General
moral ends of this life,and the 'moriJrant. The Grant canal has become
ublime prospect of the future. It woul
be bo if woulj vwniemW'V
j greax fcilownri-oar coufHTSoTui
ity, the social end, which as parts
community, we are all to attain, -
which awaits us at the close of our brief!" permanent water route to the exclu
existence. Let us then as a body judge
all with tenderness, putting aside the
weeds which cover the characters of our
neighbors, to ascertain the depth and
sweetness of the water beneath it, and
reiunber that Charity '
The gem of the Gospel, the essence of love,
I the fairest of graces that come from above;'
From Heaven it descends to sheer the for
lorn, To light up our pathway while here we so
In Truth it rejoices, all good it promotes ;
0'er.Evil it triumphs, to Love it provokes;
No Enry iaVbors, no Hatred iuspires.
Love kindKft name, aud tempers its fires.
Let this be thy portion, and naught shall
The peace, of thy mind, nor thy footsteps
Its hopes still sustain then, and faith gild
Till eternity opens in transports of day.
llou. E. I. Rullock.
BY AN OLD FARMER IV FCLTOX COCNTT.
Mr. Editor : It was with a great deal
of pleasure that the old friends of Judge
Bullock, and in fact, all present, heard
him announce himself a candidate for
Circuit Judge. The people iu the last
six years have found out what it is to
have a determined, energetic Judge
by the want of it. They had begun to
lose all re.pect for the Court, and to
have but little respect for the law, and
no dread at ail. When Judge Bullock
was appoiutcd to the Leuch in thLs Judi
cial District, he abaudoued u lucrative
practice to accept the poition, and he
let us know at the start that he did
. A , . , .11 , c, tar war. A contingent ot 10n,OOO men
not intend to sleep on the bench, cbef-l:. ,, ., , f. . . .1.
... - I annual! y available Jlo recruit tha army.
lflTsi. kllnmrTN rlinitn. and citizen Were! Ti. . T i. .. t T i
notified on the spot tb;it tLe Court must
be respected, and the laws executed, lie
won the approbation and deserved tie
applause of every respectable citizeu in
this county before he had set on tbe
bench in Hickman a week. Old gray
headed farmers returning from Court,
said that he " Was the best Judge we
have had since Judge Fowler ; aud we
are glad to see a gray head on the benci
once more." There is something ap
propriato in placing the ermine on tlu
shoulders of a gray headed man anl
the gray uniform looked lovely on tin
backs of the buys. But boys on tlx
bench are out of place. If they tavi
talent and legal ability sufficient to dis
charge the duties of the office they cat
make five times the salary in their pro
fession, and therefore, the courtesy tha
should exist in the profession should in
duce them to practice and leave tlx
bench to some old lawyer who has prae
ticed law until he is physically broke-jj stan ling armies of civilizcdna
down. IfSy are his equal in talent, io!:not ,e9 tban 3,600,000. AN
- t ti 1 . , 1
the knowledge of law, they have not hiirf
experience, and they are not free fron
the passions and prejudices of which
age divest a man, and thus makes him
eminently qualified for the office. Col
i 11 t t .1 . , A.
15u Hack has quit the practice of the
1 1 . , 1 1 j
lu,u,u 36 ,..wc-, Ul.
practice in this district, and really 1J
does seem to the writer that none?ofj
them should trv to cut him out of tl
office, which is just the same thing al . ?i S,,7 ? Ke,ntnck " lh
. . . ., , ,.'-,. .... ,il4tb April twelve mclies deep. In 18ti6,
taking me nrcaa out 01 im cnuaren mcm AjirU 11)thf it feM in H.irrodBburg, Ky.,
little grand children's mouths. For hels inches deep. Indeed, there is always
has had his troubles, and his trials, andjrjust ,iueh weather between the 13th and
misfortunes in life, and they have all acW-of ApriI we have had this year.
, . , . , -tBut we forget the past in contemplating
cumulated ou hint m his old age. Twoe pm,en Thcr is always mv0Wf or
daughter's married, became wfdows, andJ;9jeet or northeast rains, before and af
came back to him with seven little chiKM. ter the swallows come. This takes place
n nn 1m fnr l.r'pnd to sn-fain HP KniVnvariable on the night of the 17th of
.V- -i t i,o.i.i a.. v... j
IU IUC uiu Liiay iigaubu labiici AUU ciiiuui
father, and he nothing but his talent and
profession. We all know that he' will
cut tjmself off from the bar and devote
1 ,.!.,, ,1 . r ."j "'tf;'
his time and talent to the office, and it
, . ,
we can get an able and upright Judge,!
ana ne can gei oreaa ior aid lamuy, wnyi
not vote for him ?
mi Good Maxima.
; : 1
Keep yourtemper. Emyloy leis
study, and always have some work
hand, lie punctual and methodical in
business, and never procrastinate. Nev
er be in a hurry. Preserve self-possession,
and do not talk out of conviction.
Rise early, and be nn economist of time.
Maintain dignity without the appearance
of pride ; manner is something with ev
erybody, and everything with some. Be
guarded in discourse, attentive and blow
to speak. Never acquiesce in immoral or
pernicious opinions. lie cot forward to
assign reasons totnosewno nave ne
ghttoask. Tin a k nothing in condutt
unimportant or indifferent, leather set
thau follow examples. Practice strict
temperance, and in your transactions rc
nvuiber the liiia! accyuut.
Threatened Cliause In the
f.i . J .
Lack in tie
river iront auu
ipommerciai aa vantages. Aiijicasgurg
.Herald once more calls attention to this
-'i 1 be IMississippi river is wearing
and that in low water stages large mus
ses of the point are caving away, and
' thus formine a canal which may event-
permanently blocked, and no,pprcheri-
i ns are entertained in that quarter ; but
t nelow, and it it meceJ. will
"prov fully as detrimental to the pros-
pcci aud interests of this city as would
sion or any other through the urant
canal The caving which is occurring at
the jroiut mentioned is seriously nlarrn
iig and should at once engage the at
tention of the property owners iu this
p'ace. The vast importance and worth
of this place, aud the impoverished con
dition of our citizens, should induce
Congress to take this matter in hand,
aid by immediate and judicious action
prevent the river from taking the course
fcared. We do not preteud to know
hat would be the most effectual method
f accomplish this result, but we would
suggest that possibly if .a fwc flutboats
baded with stone were' si'CJ in, the
mouth of this crevasse, or if it was
blocked with piling drived in, tho caving
might be prevented aud the river forred
into its proper rhaunel. If upon exam
ination it should be found that these
mggestions are not practicable, the Mis
sissippi might be diverted from its course
in the bend opposite Paw-Paw Island,
ud brought down through Old river,
and from there into the original chaunel
ihrough Willow bayou."
Tlie iriule" of the World.
At the present day the standing ar
mies of the world are larger than they
have leen since the great wars of the
First Napoleon. The army of the Uni
tt d States now number 5G thousand men
in all. For the extent of our territory,
tins is the smallest army in the world;
ind we have a reason to congratulate
turseivea upon tne tact. 1 ne com ot our
.nny is 1 00,000,000. or nearly S2.0u0, -
per 1.000 men. 1 he army of 1 ranee
The army of I
- bfl fi
sod :it ..ju.iiuo hut) in the ac-'
ami fiuOOOo in .the passive.
tbe latter bini: named the National Guard
Mobile. Total, 1,300.000 men available
Ilie Jjntiti army now numbers about
200,000 men. The bulk of this amy is j
at home, Ireland absorbing about 23,-1
000 good troops. Of the .olouies ofj
foreitru possessions. India takes the larg
est body of troops, the dominion of Can
ada next, Australia next.
The l'rus-sian army numbers about
The Italian army now numbers 215,
0'10 men, and is a very effective one. In
one of its arm, the rifle battalions, it ex
cels even the French army, whose Zou
aves were supposed to be the first light
infantry iu the world.
The Austrian army numbers about
700,000; its cavalry is said to be very
fiue. The Gox-eroment breeds its own
hordes, and thus secures good mounts.
The Russian army numbers about 800,
000 mcu; it could be quickly increased
to 1,200.000 meu in time of war. It is
spread all overthe Empire, from the Bal
tic to the Caucasus.
The Spanish Army is small, not ex
ceeding 80,000; but it is very well cloth
ed and disciplined. It is also receiving
The number of men maintained in .the
nuuiueri re Miaicucu bwhv ikiui usviui
. , . . , , .
t .,1 r: f 1
and a vicious life, while the laboring peo-
pie are taxed with their support and for
the costly armaments they require. Is
" no' t05 lar?e a P0,i" ,oroe; Wou,J l
not be cheaper to dethrone a few rogues?
TnE Swallow Storm. 'I'ae follow-
;r)g j5tatemennn reference to the April
iiow is furnished by an
old citizeu of
April, and they leave on the night of the
i,.l c . , . . , T ,
September. lor the benefit of
our friends who are farming in the coun
try, that all corn planted about the time
1 cal1 swallow storm invariably rot?-, in
the ground. Corn, however, planted in
, r 1 .
the beginning of April.it it takes root
before thc swallow stwrm, wUl not suffer.
As it is desiraoic to arrive at more
definito facts in this matter, as my ob
servation for 19 years has been- confined
to Kentucky. 1 w:int Irienusm tne sur
;j.oundiug States to notice he3vents 0I
4 hie iaby oman. 1 aid wonaer-
ful child, only 2 year:: 8 month old, ful'
ly matured and developed, is now on ex
hibition in Louisville and has beeu visi
ted by thousands of ladies aud gentle
men. A Cincinnati paper thus speaks
of this phenomenon of nature :
4,It is a real "baby woman," or a beau
tiful child of 2 years 8 months, who has
arrived at a perfect state of puberty,
while retaining all thc infantile charac
teristics of feature of her age. She has
undergone the examination up the most
eminent physicians of the city, and they
concur iu pronouncing her one of the
i-lr.- of DSturs)." -',-1
BALLARD CIKCLIT COCRT. .
Minor Ilenderson (of color,"
- ) 1 Writ of
Priscilla Jenkins (of coter.)
Bugg k Bishop, for plaintiff; White
4 Reeves for defendant. ... -
This writ is sued out by plaintiff claim
ing that the defendant illegally detains
in restraint, a negro boy, named Henry,
of whose person he is entitled by law to
The facts agreed, show this state of
case. The plaintiff and defendant lived
together for many years as man and
wife, while both were slaves, and during
the time thoy thus lived together and
cohabited as man and wife, the child
Henry was boru to them. That before
the passage of the law hereinafter men
tioned, and while they were yetislaves,
Minor left the defendant ; ceased to live
with her as his wife, and "took up" with
another woman and lived with her as his
wife. He now claims that under the
existing laws he is the legal father of tbe
child, and is entitled to his custody.
This claim it is conteuded is supported5
the ijtjsa.jijo dco4f rot.-. le-ea Jxa'rn: 1 rit ofj
act in relation to tho marriage of negroes
and muiattoes, found in flyers bup
plcmeut, page 734-5.
The 1st Section of that act provides
that negroes and mulatoes may intermar
ry under the same regulations, Ac, as
now provided for the intermarriage of
whites. Section 2 providers a mode by
which the pre-existiog relation of hus
band and wife, according to the mode
theu common among that class of peo
ple while in a state of slavery, might at
their option be legalized aud their off
spring rendered legitimate. It is not
pretended that the plaintiff has brought
himself within the provisions of that
portion of the Section, but the latter
clause of the section is in these words.
"Provided, The issue of customary
marriages oti negroes shall be held le
gitimate." This court is now called upon to con
strue this proviso without the aid of any
light shed upon the subject by adjudica
tion, so far as known, either by the cir
cuit or appellate courts. What, then,
was the legislative intention by the
words of the proviso it quoted'
Was it iutended tbyall future cohab
itation betweeu the Texes, accordiug to
the customary mode of marriage among
uegroes, should be legalized and held to
be valid 1
This court cannot suppose that the
legislature intended thus to countenance
or encourage this class of our popula
tion in a course so immoral and degra
ding. Thi first Section points out to
thcuijthe mode iu which this relation is
to be created, and which thus created is
j,, an its tendencies humanizing, t.urifv
1 ; anJ eIevatimr: aud the Dresumntion
tlt tLev iu tLe paIne act handed still
to permit tuat system to prevail wiucii
was common among the blacks while iu
a state of slavery, cannut
be tor a mo-
lid the Legislature intend to confer
j :,t..,i r,-r.nt...l rihi
It strikes this court, in view of the
r,reet.eding portion of tbe same Sectiou,
,1,,,. tlie lerral Hrits of Barents -rowing
out ot the marital relation are to be se
cured to themselves only by complying
with the requirements of that Section-,
which in the case now - uuder considera
tion has not been done.
Does it follow as logical legal se
quence, that because the Legislature
have thought proper to confer upon tho
issue, the condition of legitimacy and
taAe from them the character of bas
tard s,Hh at they thereby intend, without,
saying so, to confer upou the putative
father all the rights and impose on him
the duties of a parent.
It may be within "Le power of the
Legislature, and inig-iV be deemed by
them very proper to infuse into the blood
of the child the inheritable quality of
legitimacy, and still withhold from the
father, especially as against the mother,
the parental rights which might author
ize him to deprive her of the comfort of
her child, and the benefit to be derived
from his labor to which, unless taken
from her and bestowed upon him by
law, she would be entitled. Before this
court would decide that such was the in
tension of the Legislature, it would de
sire to see it expressed in terms more
plain and unmistakable than are found
in the proviso under consideration.
It is therefore the judgment o the
court, from the facts agreed, applied to
the law of the case, the plaintiff has no
right to the custody of the boy Henry,
but the right to such custody belongs
to his mother, the defendant. Where
fore the writ is dismissed at the plaintiff's
A Source of Revenue that would
be Popular. The Roman Censors
frequently imposed taxes on unmarried
men, and men of full age were obliged
by law to marry, unless mentally or
physically disqualified. The Spartan
women, at certain games, laid hold of
all the old bachelors they could get their
hands on, and inflicted on them every
mark of infamy and disgrace, dragging
tgem around their altars and handling
them very roughly. In 1693, the Eng
lish Parliament laid a tax on bachelors
over twenty-five years of age of 12
and ten shillings for a duke, which was
graduated down to one shilling for a com
mon man. Uncle Sam has beeu very
lenient to bis unmarried nephews at all
times, but he might do a good thing for
the heavy war debt by laying a revenue
and ad capitum. tax on them just now.
As this is leap year, if the ladies use
their privilege, old maids and bachelors
who are not already hardened and in
veterate cases, will not have even the
ghozt of an excuse for continuing in he
state of "-single blessedness."
A REPORT on American silk m'mu
f3cture, as connected w'th the display in
the Paris Exposition, baa been made to
the Government by Mr. Cowdin. The
report conteuda . that itj as easy for. the
United States as for ry'and to obtain
direct supplies of raw1' silk, and shows
that the silk tiade might easily be made
an important-and profitable braDch of
our manufacturing industry. One rea
son for.this belief is our exemption from
the causes which have lately produced
fatal maladies araour the t ilk worms iu
Tlie Drunkard's Cure.
Some months ago a gentlemen took
rooms at the United States Hotel, aud
advertised that he had discovered a sure
specific for the cure of drunkenness. He
would not divulge the secret of what
compounds he used, but furnished mod
icine at so much bottle. In fact the
more malignant cases did not see in anx
ious for relief. They rather appeared
to enjoy their malady. A few, however,
placed themselves uuder treatment, and
some were cured whether by taking the
medicine or by not taking any strong
drinks, we are not prepared to say. One
of the cured ones was in our office yes
terday, and he informed us that be had
faith in the medicine, that he had rigidly
carried out the directions of the doctor,
and now had not the least taste for in
toxicating drinks; whereas, one year ago
he was an inebriate, and could not get
along with less than a pint to a quart a
He informed us that he had, at some
trouble andvexpense, procured the recipe
for the preparation of the medicine, which
he authorized ns to publish for the ben-
! efit of suffering humanity. It is as foi-
ows: sulphate of iron, five grains; pep;-
so partially supplies the place of the ac
customed liquor, and presents that abso
lute physical and moral prostration that
follows a sudden breaking off from- the
use of intoxicating drinks. It is to be
taken in quantities equal to an ordinary
dram, and as often as the de-ire for the
dram returns. Any druggist can pre
pare tbe prescription.
Tbe Ilnnkrupt Law.
There has been discussion as to the
time when the fifty per cent, limitation
clause goes into operation. Those who
have carefully studied the wording of tbe
law, have generally been satisfied upon
the point, but others hastily concluded
that the clause was susceptible of two
constructions. Hon. T. J. Latham, Re
gister in Bankruptcy for this district,
has entertained no doubt upon ;hft sub
ject, but to strengthen his judgment as
expressed, he wrote to parties whose po
sitions ought to give their opinions on
the subject syne weight. In reply, two
letters have been received the first is
from Judge Lawrence, who is at the pre
sent time Chairman of the Congressional
Judiciary Committee, before which va
rious proposed amendments of the bank-
runt. art. nrp nntr MnnmT. TliA aiinnn
! comes from T.'A. Jencks, the author of
the bankrupt act, and who was the roost
active in securing its passage, and who is
perhaps more familiar with its provisions
than any other member of Congress.
The following are the letters referred to:
House of Representatives, Wash
ington, V. C, March 23, 1863. Hon.
T: J. Latham Pear Sir: Ypurs ' of the
18th inst., just received. The fifty per
eent. c lause of the bankrupt act take ef
fect June 1st., 1863
Ibere is no doubt
about it. W. Lawrence.
Washington, P. C, March 23, 1SS8
! Dear Sir: Your opinion that the fifty
! per cent, clause of the b;iukrupt act takes
effect on tbe 1st of June is iu acceord-
x m uc0 wim thuc or rr imDMr vr cf
committee of both Houses of Congress,
having charge of the subject of auiend-
ments to that lav
T. A. Jenkcs.
To the Tor of the Rocky Moun
tains. The grandest engineering feat
known in history, that startles us with
the boldness of its conception and tbe
daring that characterized its execution,
was concluded yesterday. Last night
the telegraph brought information that
on Thursday, April 16th, Gen. Dodge,
chief engineer of tha Pacific railroad,
had laid the last rail on the summit of
the Rock Mountain, in the presence of
a large number of distioguibhed array
officers and citizens. Tbe railroad crosses
the mountains at this point at an eleva
tion of 8 242 feet, being the higbe.it
point reached by auy railroad iu the
Thus has science, capital, pluck and
the sturdy shovel and pick overcome all
obstacles. More historic was the pic
ture than that of Balboa looking upon
the Pacific. Before us now and of easy
access are golden shores and placid seas
and the far off Catbay. Over our con
tinent must soon -flow the 'travel and
traffic of the world.
Vegetation in the Moon. It was
for a long time the common conclusion
among astronomers that the moon was
without any atmosphere, and destitute of
water; and that, consequently, neither
animal nor vegetable life could be sup
ported on its surface. But several emin
ent modern astronomers have maintained
tbe moon has an atmosphere, though of
a very limited extent. And quite re
cently, M. Schawbe, a German astrono
mical professor, thinks he has discover
ed signs of vegetation on the surface of
our satelite. It is well known that there
are certain dark lines or scratches, as
they appear extending across the slopes
of the highest mountains in the moon.
These hT been - variously explained,
some regarding them as the beds of dried
up streams; others as the channels left
by torrents of lava ; others as having
some other origin-.
Beautiful Superstition. Among
the superstitions of the Seoecas, there is
one which for its singular beauty is well
known. When a maiden dies they im
prison a young "bird until it begins to
try its powers of song, and then loading
it with kisses aud caresses they loose its
bonds over the grave, in the belief that
it will not fold its wings, neither close its
eyes, until it has flown to the spirit land,
and delivered its precious burden 'of
affection to the loved and lost. "It is
not un frequent," says tho Indian histor
ian, " to' see twenty or thirty birds loosen
ed at once over oue grave." 1
" TnE Davis Trial. It appears to be
generally agreed here that the trial of
Jeff Davis will certainly come off as 60on
as the impeachment trial is coded. At
preet it is fi-ed for May 2, and a gene
ral venire of sixty jurors has been or
dered from whom to draw a jury to try
Davis. His counsel are said to antici
pate that the trial will certainly com
mence on the day appointed, and the
new indictment which bns been found
against btm has been prepared with a
view to his conviction, as it avoids errors
and flaws which were contained in the
first indictment, 'which caused the Gov
ernment law officers, to hesitate hereto
fore abvit procv; Jiu to trial.
A HexicMn ltoffli..
The attempted murder of Juarez was
modeled after Booth's more successful
attempt. Col. Adalid. for two year
Trefect of Toluca. was the chief assassin.
Juarez's box at the Yturbide is on the
second floor, but furthest off the stage of
any box in the home. It is close tv the
Iront entrance to the building, and ex
ceedingly easy of access. The Colontl
had a guard of twelve ex-Iuiprr!al
Lieutenants, who. dreed as eitizen,
were to mount fleet horses, nod.' having
an extra horse for him, were to appear in
citizen' dress (o as not to excite sus
picion) near the doors of the theatre t
9 o'clock, p. H., or shortly after the cur
tain was raised. Adalid wss to enter
the box, the door of which is in the rrar,
shoot and stab Juarei and then ccnre
his horse and flee. To further aid him,
fifteen or twenty of the Siospirators
were to place themxelves near the bex
and around the doors so as to iptrrujt
the passage's and such as would follew
the asxassin. The asassinatiou accom
plished, Adalid and his men were in
make for the Citadel, or arsenal, ou th
road of La -Piodad, and where the 7th
Regiment was to move to from the palace-.
The carrifon nt the Citadela ware to
aye hanled the f? sc3.wr7 3t... n "i'
ie BarXatlottt. J."fr4 toeirw rtio
7th Regiment were to have proceeded to
the residences of the nrembers of Juarei'
Cabinet and secure and hold tbem a,
prisoners. Fully one-half of the gar
rison or 9,000 officers and mrn, were
pledged to their assistance. Tho dis
covery was madts by the interception of
a note from one of the cormiirators tj
Col. Garzs, in command of tl??7ih Regi
ment, which iscomposed maiuly of yountf
men belonging to the aristocratic faiailletj
of the State of Guanajuato. The note,
by mistake, was hauded to a Lieuteuapt
of Jnarez's body-guard, who read it, and
immediately afterwards proceeded to Con
fer with General Regnlcs. The result
was the discovery of all the plans and
measures on foot to further them. Culs.
Adalid and Garza ire in the military
prison of Martinique. It is a subject
of conversation that the whole affair wan
plotted by a chagrined Libenl General,
who has made his escape, and that tha
conspirators were to declare for the Em
press Carlotta and evil her to the throue
Will Palpitatojw Explode?
The following comes to us from France ;
" The India-rubber beautiCers," palpi
tators," etc., arc yet more daiigertus. At
a dinner party given by a ri'.'h person wf
the official world, one of the ladies was
equally remarked for the exquisite pro
portions of her bust and the animation
of her conversation. Those who sat
neir the lady suddenly heard, in tlie
middle of the dinner, and of some witty
sally on her part, a sharp dctouation,
such as might be produced by the crack
ing open of a bean-pod. No one took
any notice of the inexplicable fcound ;
U,ut t was observed that the lady be
came much less animated, that she kept
one arm raised across her bosom, and
f.mued herself incessantly during the
rest of the dinner, though the tempera
ture of the dinner room was bv no means
too bi;h. - An mns f tii eohtpuoy ro
from the table, the lady, still fanning
herself, suddenly disappeared ; but. t
certain sharp eyes among her rivals had
caught sight of a diminished outline as
she retreated from the sphere of a vision,
a good deal of merriment followed her
disappearance. The lady's absence was,
however, very short, for she returned t
the drawing-room in the course of a
few minutes, triumphant in tbe fatci
classic perfection that had excited to
much admiration during the early part
of the evening, and displayed fll the
aplomb and vivacity which had mad?
her so charming. The ncrewing of the
stopper, through which the air is blown
into the class of " fixtures" in question,
having been made this time uiliciiutly
secure, the charms of Madame D un
derwent no further vicissitudes through
the course of the evening.
A Right Rotal Reception Tb
people of Sidney, Australia, welcomed
Prince Alfred with an immense sea dra
gon one hundred and two feet Iong.
The steamer Yurnba was the skeleton
f the. figure. The jaws were about
sixteen feet loDg, and distended so a tJ
leave an aperture for the mouth of from
six to seven feot. The eyes were very
admirably represented, the shading of
the colors green, black and red be
ing exceedingly effective. The tail con
sisted of twenty five ships. boats, over
each of which from stem to stern, rows
of lauterns were-huug. A number of
men were statioued at the bows, aud as
tbe monster moved along it f Js made to
spit forth a shower of rockets and other
Goethe was in company with a molJi
er and daughter, when the latter, beinsj
reproved tor something, blushed and
burst into tears. He said: "How beau
tiful our reproach, has inntlayour daugh
ter look, lhat crimson hue and thoso.
silvery tears become her much batter
than any ornament of gold or pearls j
these may be hung cn the neck of any
woman, but those arc never seen discon
nected with moral purify. A full-blowri
flower besprinkled with purest hue. i
not so beautiful as' this child blushing
beueath her parent's dispWsure and
shedding tears pf sorrow forncr fault.
A blush is the sign which nature hangs
out to show where chastity' aud honor
A "Tee Total" Present. rrussi
produces the following unique mode cf
making a present. Several persons
agreed to present a cask of wine to a
popular man, and each was to contribute
a quart. The cask was sent and the d
nors appropriately thanked, but on tap.
ping it, judge of the general astonish
meut when the cask waa found to ba
filled with water. Each h nrat fellow
believed that in so great a quantity of
pure wine his quart of water vouli ut
If milk be introduced into bottles, put
into a pan with cold water, aud gradual
ly raised to a boiling 'point, and kfter
being allowed to cool, be takeu out,
corked, and set away in a cool place, it
may be preserved. perfectly sweat lor up
wards of half a year. The reaion is
said, to. be that heat deprives the mKr
of it povrr of i-buiTl'it'S i'tj Ti.'.'u
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