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f31 HICKMAN COURIER miDin vr wnx st Goor.g e ., "W a rre n . 0 U eor&er of Jackson and Iatuexy sts (up stair.) RATES OF ADVERTISING. a eoaara. ten lln orles. on Insertion 1 Invars 2 natas, I 00 a 7 00 10 00 13 1 a a 12 1 1 t 16 00 6 00 9 00 12 00 18 00 26 00 9 00 IS 00 18 00 25 00 18 16 00 16 00 fu-ta eolMva 1 neata - M " Eif colama t inoatas M l 20 00 25 00 ' ti 00 60 00 40 00 66 00 76 00 60 00 SO 00 110 00 On eelum S ntk i 4 juaBouxlsS can aid . . v $10 00 f cr ftat Oftetrs rr County m w ORTS 8 00 . - 00 M WW !' M.iflffi and Oeauis. ft.tle af t ahova character will U - . nv;ti-laa and! la trib fir IJ?.5uwM i- Local Coln 1 for r line .r las and 20 eaats for tach mtj :olicitli from any n "ndT::Bv;.v;ve PROFESSIONAL. h. a. ittaa ATTORNEYS AT LAW Collectors, Real Estate Agents HICKMAN, KI. Will ntund j.roPt? to all I b.I.... ntrustad them n tsoutnw- - : of al Estata. 1 Juc B. R. WALKER. i n -v at X A tnrlCMAN. : : KENTUCKT WILtpractiea together allth .Courts f lontbwe.tern Kentucky-County, L tni Justice Courts excepted- M i . , Vm Courts of West Tennessee. "all-;SLfh llecte4 "d -UUMM asad. ... KW, Ty.-J. B-Hubbird, and Jo.epb Axaberc; LovitUe, Ay.-R- len tlik MeUonVsiblay A Woodruff. T. O. GOALDEB, Attorney t Ia" AW GEHERAL COLLECTOS Wtm, WILL promptly attend to all' business rad?f bi in Boatbwestsra Ken- tecky nadWest Tennessee: jn:- Rcnlhac & La derdale. Attfirn8yrAnl Coraselars JLt Law TOTILL ttend promptly to tbe eoneetion W f CUims, to tbe inreiittrstion of Lsnd Title, purchase and sale of Real Estate, and r -- H.f.nr. of SOUS n Hoatbwestem Ketitncky, Northwestern Top- - -l .v. .J...( n.rl nf MlRSOUri. 1 Ofie In MU!tt Sioc. u" w OSCAR TURNER. HAS aCSVMEt) THZ TniCTICE OF IATT, ' 1 TTtX COCKTIXS or wrtTv'nv nrmiAS AJS'D ORAVXS b V4't a KD will attend promptly to all business f entrusted to bis ears m eam cuun.--. and also in tb other counties in . - . .... T . BSr jd Jress either PADUCAH office, or DE. H. O. BUCK, t2T '3S !M" JSC Q TH? 9 HICKMAN. KY., OlTICTtW FRANZ'S HALL,- CORHER CV3IBERLAND AND CISTOJi ST3. OFPtRS bis professional serTiee to tb eitisens of Hickman, and surrounding ...,.. win vUit.naLienu at their houses. All kind of Dental "Work done in the most pmproTed plan, and with all the modern ap plianees and improvements. Dr. W.D. Corbet, - HICKMAN, KY., j - ef.at W. R: Walker' Drug Store DR. J. W. GOURLEY, HICKMAN, KENTUCKY "VTFERS hi professional serTices to tbe Jf citisen of Biekman, and vicinity, ssayo-ly. ProfewIonal. RS CATLETT A. BLANTON, , have con cluded to form a partnership, for an indefinite time. Our friends, and the sick g ensrally, who desiro oar medical atten- ttn. will nnd us always reaay to wait upon tkern' In the absence of one, the profes sional vertices of the outer can be bad: aag27tf , , . .. .., ... , , - Saile: and Livery Stable. T7xn. B. Plummer, -.(, : KINTCCKY STREET, ,YT constantly on band for. lire aa 1 1 sal- "OKSES, BCGGIE3 and BACKS. Tkaakful for patronage heretofore eitead 4 him, be solicits a ontiauaac of same. "TJ-OBACE WA8HISGT05. tb barber, tj sa Bounces that bis sbop is apea in isiiVjttiiaerclal building, and that ha Is prepared to ierv tb publia in every thing fartaining to the art. bkavisg, Hair Cut. t&sf, Ilsit PraniBg, aa. -e-tt 7 VOL. V. K P. HARNESS & CO., WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IX STOVES, Tinware and Castings, ALSO, Tena. and Mo. Iron, Steel and CASTINGS, Axl, JJabbs, Fsllows, Spokes, te, etc t mil kll. mt Woodwork. Alto. Grates, Tin, Copper ami SHEET-IRON TTARK. Job Work: dona la order, such as Guttering, Roofing, et. all kinds of MILL WORK, BRAZING, COPPER TIPF-S LCOSS, SASH, BLINDS ANS GLASS, Etc, Etc. CLINTON STREET," nsxt door to MeCutcben & Co's, Stre.) Hickman, Ky. J. H. DAVIS DKALKR IX Groceries, BOOKS AND STATIONERY, BOOTS, SHOES, . HATS, CAPS, etc., CUNTON STREET, HICKMAN, KY. 8i Fartieulsr atuntioa psid to Filling; Ordtre. ; " FRANCIS Manufacturer and Dealer in. Havana oJ Domettic Cigar TOBACCO, SNTJFF, PirES, ETC. also. Toys, Tfotlons, Etc., Clinton Street, HICKMAN. - - - KY. Southern Espress Company TIORWARD MONEY and Freight to al Jj points in the United States and the territories: also to an poims in turopi. OVERTON, .STEELE & CO., oct 12 Agenu. Bondurant & Drewry, Wholesale Grocer, Forwarding : : AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS HICKMAX, : : : KY. AGENTS FOR Ohio River Salt Company. A LARGE supply of 8 .ALT, LIME, and CEMENT, and heavy GROCERIES. Sugar, Cbffee and Molasses, eto., constantly on hand. Money Saved is Money Made I IN ORDER to make room for a large SPRING AND SUMMER STOCK, we will sell for the next two weeks our entire stock of DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES, nATS, GENTS FURNISHING GOODS, iC, at grertly reduced prices. Call and be con vinced before purchasing elsewhere. J. II. PLAUT & BRO. feb26 HICKMAN MARBLE WORKS HICKMAN, KT. BI1UI IM Italian and American Marble. MONUMENTS, TOMB AND GRAVE STONES. HAVING received a fin lot of American and Italian Jfarhle, I am prepared to ail all orders. Call and examine aur work Qrtara frees tfet matry prart!y f JJa. iPSil HE HICKMAM.. COURIER. HICKMAN, FULTON COUNTY, KENTUCKY SATURDAY, CHAS. A. HOLCOMSE'S COLUMN. DR. JOHN BULKS Great Remidies. DR. JOHN BULL, lianufacttirer and Vender of the CELEBRATED SMITH TONIC SYRUP. ton tbs. crni or AGUE AND FEVER on CHILLS AND FEVER, The proprietor of this celebrated medi cine justly claims for it a superiority over all remedies ever offered to tbe public for the safe, Cfrl.in, ipe.d; Vn"'l lifni cure of Ague and Faver, or Cbflla'and rni( whether of short or long standing. He re fers to the entire Western and Southwest ern country to bear him testimony to tbe truth of the assertion, that in no case what ever will it fail to cure, if the directions are strictly followed and carried out. In a great many cases a single dose has been Sufficient for a cure, and whole families have been cured by a single bottle, with a perfect restoration ot the general health. It is, however, prudent, and in every ease more certain to cure, if its use is continued In smaller doses for a week or two after the disease has been checked, more especially in difficult and long standing cases. Usually, this medicine will not require any aid to keep the bowels in good order; should the patient, however, require a cathartic medi cine, after having taken three or four doses of the Tonic, a single dose of HULL'S VEG- ETBALE j AM1LY f ILLS will be sufficient. DR. JOHN BULLS Principal Office: No. 40 Fifth, Cross street. Louisville, Ky. gg& All of tbe above remedies for -bv C. A. HOLCOMBE, Druggist, "feb8-ly Hickman. Ky. JOHN BULL'S WORM DESTROYER To my United St ten a nd World- Wide Heders. IIIAVE received many testimonials from professional and medica! men, aa my al manacs and various publications have shown, all of which are genuine. The fol lowing from a highly educated and popular physician in Georgia, is certainly one of the most sensible communications I have ever received. Dr. Clement knows exactly what be speaks of. and his testimony deserves to be written in letters of (rold. Hear what the Doctor says of uU$ Worm De$troyrr: Villasow, WAtKta CorwTT, Ga., June 29, 1868. Dr. John Bull Drar Sir; I hav recently given your Bom DrtiToxjer several trial?, and find it wonderfully efficacious. It has not failed in a single instance to have the wished for effect. I am dotnr a rrettv large country practice, and have daily use lor some article of the kin 1. I am free to confess that I know of no remedy recom mended by the ahlest authors that is so cer tain and speedy in its effects. On the con- rary thev are uncertain in th ntm Mv ot.jrct in writing Too is to fln.i ont upon , ----- " Kit i n mr.ncinf direct!- iruui tou ii i can pel on shall nse a great deal of it. I am aware that tbe use of such articles is contrary to the teachings and practice of a great majority of the rroufor line of M. D s. bntl see no jnt cause or good sense in discarding a rem edy wnicn we know to be efficient, simply because we may be ignorant of its combina tion. For my part, I shall make it a rule to use all and any means to alleviate suffer ing humanity whirh I may be able to com mand not hesitating because some one more ingenious than myself have learned its ef fects first and secured the sole rieht to se cure that knowledge. However, I am by no means an advocate or supporter of the thous ands of worthies nostrums that flood the country, that purport to cure all manner of disease to which human flesh i heir. Please reply soon and inform me of your best terms. I am, sir, most respectfullv. JULIUS P. CLEMENT, M. D. BULL'S SARSAPARILW. A GOOD REASON FOR THE CAPTAIN'S FAITH. Read the Captain's Ltltrr and the Letter From Iltt Mother. Besto BAaaacas, Mo., April 30, '66 Ds. John Bcll Dear Sir: Knowing the efficiency of your barsapariila, and the heal ing and beneficial qaalitie it possesses, I send you the following statement of ray case: I was wounded about two year ago was taken prisoner and confined for sixteen months. Being moved so often, my wounds have not healed yet. I have not sat up a moment since I was wounded. I am shot through tbe hip. My general health is impaired, and 1 need something to assist nature. I have more faith in your Karsa- parilla than in any thing else. I wish that that is genuine. Please express me half a dozen bottles, and oblige Capt. C. P. -JOHNSON, St. Louis, Mo. V. S. The following was written June 30, 1H(5, by Mrs. Jennie Johnson, mother of (.'apt. jonnson : Da. Beit Dear Sir : My husband. Dr. O 8. Johnson, was a skillful surgeon and phy sician in Central New York, where he died, leaving the above C. P. Johnson to my care. At thirteen years of age he bad a chronic diarrhea and scrofula, for which I gave him your Sarsaparilla. It ccbkd him. I have for ten years recommended it to many in New York, Ohio, and Iowa, for scrofula, fever sores, and general debility. Perfect success ha attended it. Tbe cures effected in some case of scrofula and fever sores were almost miraculous. I am very anxious for my son to again have recourse to your Sarsaparilla. He is fearful of getting a spurious article, hence his writing to you for it. His wounds were terrible, but I be lieve be will recover. Kespectfully, . JENNIE JOHNSON. BULL'S CEDRON BITTERS. A UTUEXTIC DOCUMENTS. ' Arkansas Heard Froia. TESTIMONY 01" MEDICAL MEN. toit Pott. White ee., trk.. May 23. Da. Jobw Bct.i Dear Sir: Last February I was in Louisville purchasing drugs, and I got some of your Sarsaparilla and Cedron Bitters. : My son-in-law, who wa with me in tbe store, has been down with rheumatism for some time, commenced on the Bitters, and soon ffund hi general health improved. Dr. Gist, who has been in bad health, tried them, and he also improved. Dr. Coffee, who baa been in bad health for several years stomach and liver affected he improved very much by the ut of your Bitter. Indeed the Cedron Bitter ha given yon great popularity in thia settle ment. I think I could sell a great quantity you'cIdBtVrin'd l j 7'.ow -t least 3.000.000 people, -me via Memphia, care of KicketCaao Neely ' ciujuva of the recent freedmeo, who ean JR7fa2y C AULXJt aeitbtr ita4 nor writ. THE HICKMAN COURIER, SATURDAY, FEB. 11, 1871 Auditor's tceport. The annual report of the Auditor for the fiscal year ending October 10, 1870, has been laid before the members of tbe Legislature. The Auditor state there was in the treasury on the 10th of Octo ber, 1869, the sum of 8201,282 25, which balance was due to suras borrowed from the sinkiug fund. During the year the receipts were $1,324,113 60 and the expenditures 81,491,640 82, showing an excess of expenditures over receipts of $167,527 22. The total deficiency in the treasury on the 10th day of October, 1870, was $902,800 53. This did not include about $100,000 worth of county clJeitCg'UaraitTe suspended because there vvas'nb money fa tbe treasury . a? pay them. Neither did it include about$200,- 000 of unpaid appropriations by the Leg Mature. Tbe Auditor estimates the de ficiency in the treasury on the 10th of October, 1871, at $1,187,174 02. He asks that the Legislature will pass a law increasing the taxes ten cents on the $100. He declares that he can see no , , e other way out of the present trouble, bo it goes. More money I More taxes on the people! THE Knoxville Whig and llegitter learns that since Senator Brownlow's re turn to Washington, his health has con siderably improved, aud is now better than it has been at any time for several years past. Thk Franklin (Tenu.) lieview states, upon the authority of,several geDtlemet who witnessed the performance,- that a young man of ihat town last week ate at one meal two hundred and eighty-oue oysters. He Was eating for a wager. His death has not yet been announced. The corn crop of the United States for 1870 was 1,100,000,000 bushels, a gain over last year oi more man uve bushels to the acre. The hog crop is a littfe over 20.000,000 tons 15 per cent, less than that oJ 1869. A BJLL has been introduced into the Missouri Legislature to extend the cor porate limits of the city of St. Louis so as to embrace the entire county of St. Louis. This would be the largest city corporation in the world. White labor is in demand for the cot ton and sugar plantations near New Or leans. The Picayune says orders ore contioualty -received trom tbe cotton and ! SUgnr pliiDters for white labor, and that White nanda will l employ uu .jaiT-j-i" written. The result is, to a much greater extent than ever be fore. This is tbe result of the unrelia bility of "colored" labor. It is stated that an apple dealer of Port Huron, Michigan, has lately return ed lrom Liverpool, where he contracted for the delivery of 10,000 bariels of the best Michigau apples, expecting to clear t a a oue aoiiar ana seventy uve cents per barrel on them. Apples can be trans ported froi Michigan to Europe by water all the way, and this is probably only a small beginning of what will eventually become a great and lucrative buiness. The persistency with which rich men don't die is discouraging to deserving heirs. The Tribune remarks that the wealthiest citizeua of New York are all ot an age when most men are too infirm for affairs, and yet they are not only hale and vigorous, but actively engaged in conducting their immense business. Wil liam B. Astor is nearly 73; Alexander T. Stewart, 70; Cornelius Vanderbilt, 70 ; Daniel Drew, 71 ; Peter Cooper, 70 ; George Law, 73 ; while the majori ty of the millionaires are over CO. A PETITION, signed by citizens of Da viess, Graves, Marshall, Livingston, Henderson and Mc-Cleau counties, has just been presented to the Legislature by Mr. Glass, of Henderson, praying that no more money 6hall go oat of the Ken tucky S"tate Treasury as compensation for the scalp? of foxes, and asking for the repeal of what is kDown as the "Fox Scalp Law." The petition says tht foxes do not kill sheep, do not kill piga, do no harm to anybody, and that tbe premium at this time paid for scalps is onerous and oppressive. TnE New York papers announce tbe death of Mrs. Jane Leonard Martin, aged ninety-one years, the first lady who went up the Hudson river in a steamboaL The circumstances of the trip are as fol lows: Her husband wa9 .taken sick ip Albany, and as the symptoms were seri ous, she was desirious ot reaching him as soon as possible. In those days pas sage was made in small sloops, and was consequently a work of time ; and the anxious wife, hearing that a ship pro pelled by team was about to make its trial trip np the river with the corpora tion of New York on board, and that Jt was to make the passage in a marvellous ly short time, made known to that body the circumstances in which she wa placed, and asked permission to aceom pany them. It was at once granted. A bill has been introduced into the Canadian Legislature for tbe adoption of compulsory education for the ristue gen ration. A good example lor the uotieu Srtoa i i'r. l.kwt a ik rtnmi nf 1870 Outrage fPoti the Indian by vvuue Men. There has been strong suspicion that many of the 'acts of violence by the In dians have been done in retaliation for injuries inflicted upon them by white men. Recently proof pretty conclusive has been obtained upon this point. Mr. Gibson, the Indian agent at the Osage agency has addressed a letter to Vincent Colyer, in which he complains of the outrages committed by while men in Kansas upon, the Indians under hi charge. He states that Indian famines who had bp:It themnelves houses, aud cultivated ih land, and were in process of becoming civiliied, have been '-forced to abandon their improvements and vir tually driven back to savage life." Here is one instance : "As rececf-y as the middle of Decern ber las't,' aU the members of an Indian faeinlrwetefejyii tt n'jj't . t'reta tber bed, rjo permitted to dres? themselves, thjfi'r hou.e and all its contents burned, tjey beaten with revolvers, their live threatened, if thev did not leave the coun try, and they were marched to the woods. Jostansibly.to be murdered. This cruel outride was perpetrated by the Campbell family and ..their friends, who were id- tJ0Dd ro?8Ure became Mosher had become a citizen, and was likely to entcr ti,e claim he had lived on for four years, and had improved it with a good , cabin Dd outbuildings. He Lad about twenty acres under cultivation, and had planted fruit trees, etc, This was his only crime. lie was a quiet and reace able man. This Dr. Campbell 'jumped' this improvement about one year ago, and has been carrying on the warfare till now to force Mosher awHy from his home. A short time since the court granted Campbell an injunction against Mosher, even preventing him from cutting his firewood on his claim. This is an exam ple of the justice afforded to a citizen of Indian deceut by the courts of the State at least of this part of it." Wk call the attention of our farmers and others who. have real estate under execution, and to be sold at a commis sioner's sale, to read the following, which we take from that wide awake paper, tbe Franklin Sentinel. It shows how prop erty, bo held for sale, is too often dispos ed of. Read it : An Imposition. We think the great est imposition that was ever imposed on any people, is that (for want of a better law) which allows the Sheriff and Com mipsioners of Courts in this Common wealth to sacrifice property under execu tion, and Commissioners 6ales, without any notice except a few written ones stuck np in perhaps three places iu the county, in such miserably bad chirora phy that not one out of every hundred persous can red, and not one in every two hundred ever attempts the task, and not one is every thousand in a county sees those advertisements of "Sail" as one tisement iu tue county !,, ., , . W I 1) I 111 1M U a W t printed posters, is sacrificed at less than one half its real value for want of bid ders. There are generally a few eharkt who lurk aiouod every county town, that havo it all their own way, who have no one to bid against them, get the proper ty thus sold for a mere trifle ; whereas, if the officers were required by law to publii-h either in the county paper where there is one published, or posters etuck up in at least tweuty places thruughou the town and county where at lent half the citizens could see and read them, it- would unquestionably tend to bring fifty men to sales thus made when uuder the present arrangement there is scarcely a third of dozen outide of the pro fessinnal hang around. We know of no other State in nil the great number of States in this country that has not some better law to protect and aid the party whose property is thu liable to be sacrificed under the Sheriff's or Commissioner's hammer. Even the Radicals with their omission and com missions, have, where in power provided better laws in this respect thao Ken tucky's boasted Democracy. Why t it? Cn any one answer why it is, that there is not a State in the Uuion save and ex cept Kentucky, but what has a law pro teciin" her unfortunate citizens who are forced to let their property be sold to pay their debts, from the mercenary few who fatten their purses upon this unfor tunate class, when if the sale was gener ally known, it would bring a competition of bidders who would pay near if not the value of the property so sold? THE Louisville Commercial is respon sible for the following slander on one of the feathered singing tribes .of Florida: Tbe mockinz-bird of Florida is de scribed as rather a dissipated character. He forages about, singing m his neigh bora vineyard while he robs him, until the. berries of the Pride-of China are ripe ; then he proceeds to have a regular frolic, acquires a habit of intoxication, aud gets as drunk as a lord. It is curi one to see a flock of these birds at this time. They become perfectly tipsy, and fly round in the most comical manner, hiccoughing and staggering just like men, and mixing up all sorts of songs and interrupting each other in the most impudent manner, without any regard to the politeness and decorum that usually mark the intercourse of all well bred society, whether of birds or men. They will fly about proniiecouf-ly, intrude on domestic relations, forget the way home, and get into each other's nests and fa mi lies, just like the lords of the creation After the berries are gone, and the year ly frolic is over, they look very penitent, nike many good resolutions, join the temperance society, and never indulge again until the next season comes round and the berries are ripe once more. In discussing the conventional inter et bilhand the action of the legislators who voted to refer the matter to the peo pie, the Hickman Courier isquite caust ic on that class of politicians who shirk the responsibility of acting on questions of this kind. Wa fully agree with tha CouRIlR- If anybody wants to know our sentiment in raeard to the ibirkera. let them send for a oopy of tha Hickman Cocaiia of tba rStb tilt. CWwm lAf-- FEBRUARY 11 1871. Cauncs of Crime. An interesting pamphlet haa been issued iu New York for the purpose of present ing certaiu views on the responsibility of society for the cause of crime. Inci dental to this record are some facts con cerning the causes themselves. Of sv enteeu thousand criminals in the peni tentiaries ot the different States in 1SC8, ninety seven per cent, had nver learned a trade; twenty eiht per cent, could not read ; and twenty-two per cent, were under age. Of those confined in the common jails af New York State in 1864, again, seventy-two per cent, had not learned a trade; forty nine percent, were left orphans before they were fifteen years of age ; thirty-tro per cent, could not read; and fifty per cent admitted that they had frequeuted grogshops and wore places, and u-ed liquor and tobac co Of two thousand one hundred and twenty criminals who had been under the cure of Mr. Byers, Chaplain in the Ohio Penitentiary, faveoty four per cent hud never learned a trade; sixty-four per cent, could barely, read. nd funrUcn per cent, did not know their letters.; In Upper Canada, the report of the P-ovin cial Penitentiary mentions drunkenness as one of tbe two chief causes of crime. Of forty seven thousand three hundred and thirteen persons confined in the New York city prisons, in 1867. thirty one thousand twn hundred and ninety-eight confessed that they were "intemperate." In the course of some remarks upon the facts presented, the New York Evening Post, arks: -'What classes contribute most to fill up our penitentiaries? The answer of these statistics is : thos? who have the habit of using intoxicating liquors, and those who have not been taught a trade. Even the illiterate class are, as a class, less criminal, than the class of drinkers, or the class of persons forced to live on their wits, as it is called, because their parents have not taught them some useful trade. Now here are twocaue0of crime, the most fruitful, as it seems, which parents have almost en-: tirely within their control. Teach your child a trade, and you lesson its chances of becoming a criminal enormouHly, as these figures show. Restrain your child from the use of intoxicating liquor, and! strain you increase very greatlyits chances j of living a virtuous and useful life. j The Cincinnati Gazette says: The number 27 seems to be a fortunate one for the German armies. On the 27th of September Strasbourg capitulated. On the 27th of October Metz surrendered. On the 27th of November the Prussians achieved important victories over the Army of the Loire and the Garibaldian forces in the Department of the Vosges. On the 27th of Ducember commeuced the bombardment of Mont Avron, the first of the Parisian forts assailed, and which soon yielded to the enemy. And now comes the inteMigence that on the 27th of January the terms of the capit ulation of Paris were agreed upon. If, now, after the three weeks' armistice which has been arranged, the treaty of peace should be concluded on the 27th of February, as id not improbable the chain would be complete. Verily, if this was a u ptroiuWuM h Urriua ns r:,.yf rn exDMcted to commence all tUt important enterpnte oir tnasTf be month. The coincidence is, to say the least, remarkable and noteworthy. The Jew a. Some one has this to say of the Jews: The politest people in the world are not the French, but the Jews. They are m ilfreated and revtled ; in many cun tries they are dNpoiled of civil privi letres and social rights, yet they are eve rvwhere polite, affable and insinuating They are remarkable for industry and perseverance; indulge in few recriniina tions; are faithful to old associations; respectful to the prejudices of others ; not more worldly minded or money lov ing than people generally are, and every thing considered, they surpass other na tionalities in courtesy, affability and for bearanco. Few person excel in address a bright and polished Je. There is no rusticity among this people. The dffi cultv is that thev are too eenerallv judged from the lowest classes. To judge a nation fairly, we must take the average intelligence and position. The highest and the lowest are pretty much alike all the world over. This will be the experience of every one who has been cosmopolitanized by travel. A QuIcK Quarter. A boy worked hard. all day for a quar ter, bought apples and sold them ou the street for a dollar. He bought a sheep. The sheep brought him another dollar. He bonght another eheep. The next spring he had two eheep, two lamba and a yearling sheep. The three fleeces he sold for three dollars and bought three more sheep. He now had six, with a fair prospect. He . worked, where he found opportunity, for hay, corn and oats, and pasturing for his sheep. He took the choicest care of them and soou had a flock. Their wool enabled him to buy a pasture for them, and by the time he was twenty one he had a fair start in life, and all lrom the quarter earned in oue day. Exchange. The Last Jocrney. In Spain, when a baptized infant dies, a feast is spread, and all the neighbors found come, not to condole with, but to congratulate the parents. "We rejoice with you that you have a child in glory," they say; and the lust nay the first journey of the sinless babe is a triumphant march, the funeral a festival, the music is glad. Only the mother weeDS.- In Greece, the last journey follows quickly upon death. I he next aay, ataawn. tne train oi wnne robed priests and choristers may be seen winding along the road toward the'ehurch There, dressed as in life, and having the face uncovered, the dead lie at rest be fore the altar until the moment arrives when they must be committed to the earth. It is in the church that the last farewell is given. What of that terrible last journey in ihe cold North where the dying Esquimaux is built up in his suowhouse and left to die alone? Or of the African tribe, who bury their hopelessly sick before death hurry them out of the world altogether? They have been described as takiog au affec tionate leave of their relatives and per forming this burying with the consent of the perscui chiefly concerned Habit is everything, and they are used to it, nnlv nna fancies it must fall rather hard j upon each individual a it cornea to itt orn turn. NO. 5. In-growing Toe IVallft. Boat wick Medical and Surgical Journal. This most painful of the diseases of the nails is caused by the improper man ner of cutting the nail (gennerally of the great toe.) and then wearing a nar row, badly made shoe. The nail begin ning to grow too - long, and rather wide at the corners, is trimmed around the corner, which gives temporary relief But thn it begins to grow wider in the side where it was cut off; and, as the shoe presses the flesh against the corner, the nail cut more and more into the raw fle?-h, which becomes excessively tender and irritable. If this state con tinue long the toe becomes more and more painful and ulcerated, and fungus (proud flesh) sprouts up from the sorest points. Walking greatly increases the suffeting, till positive rest becomes indis pensable. Treatment We omit all modes of cut ting out the nnil by the root, and all other cutting or torturing operations Begin theeftWt at cure by simple appli cation to tha tender part of a small quan tityof peicLldrS-lc't-f iron . It is '-ii in drugstores in a fluid form, though sometimes in powder. There is iinmcdi ately a moderate sensation of pain, cou sttictiou or burning. Iu a few minutes the tender surface is felt to be dried up. tanned or muuiinifid. and it ceases to br painful. The patient, whir before could not put his foot to the floor, now find that he cau walk upon it without paiu By permitting the hardened, wood like flesh to remain for two or three weeks, it can be ea.-.ily removed by soiling the foot in warm water. A new and healthy structure is found firm and solid, below. If thereafter the nails be no more cut around the corners or sides, but always i urueJ in across the front eud, they will in future grow only forwards; and by wearing a shoe of reasonably good size and shape, all further trouble will be avoided. Don't be Too Certain. Boy's don't be too certain. Remem ber that nothing is easier than to be mis taken. And if you permit yourself to be mistaken a great many times, every body will lose Confidence in what you say. They will feci no security in trust ing your word. Never make a positive statement without you know it is as you say. If you have any doubts remove them by explanation, before speaking confidently. Don't be too certaiu I "John, where s the hammer" 'It is in the corn-house." "No, it is not there ; I have just been looking there." "Well, I know it is; I saw it there not half an hour ago." "If you saw it there it must be there, of course. But suppose you go and fetch it." John goes to the corn-house, and pre eotly returns with a small ax in bis hand. "Oh. it was the ax I saw. The handle was sticking out from a half bushel nieas ure. I thought it was tbe hammer." "But you saiJ positively that you did see it, not that you thought you saw it There is a great difference between the two answers. Do not permit yourself to nke a positive statement even about 1 nutter, unless you are quite sure; will begin to make loose replies to qua tion of great importance. Don't be too certain!" Five Little Onlya. Only a stray sunbeam ! Yet, per j chance, it has cheered some wretched abode, gladdened some stricken heirt. or its golden light has found its way through the leafy branches of some wild wood, kissed the moss covered bank where the tiny violets grow, and shades ol beauty to adTu its lovely form. Only a gentle breeze! But how many aching brows hath it fanned, how many hearts hath been cheered by its gentle touch ? Only a frown ! But it left a s;id, dre.iry ache in the child's heart, and the quivering lip and tearful eyes told how keenly he felt it. Only a smile I But, ah. it cheered the broken heart, engendered a ray of hope, and enst a halo of light around the unhappy patien'; made the bed-ridden one forget hi present agouy for a moment iu the warmth of the sun fhine. Only a word of encoiirgeuieot a single word 1 It gives to the droop iug spirit new life, and the steps press ou to victory. . Consistency. The world talk of consistency much without appearing to care about it understand what sort of consistency is really desirable. That a man should always retain the same opin ion that he should shut his eyes and his ears, learn nothing, obstinately adhere to his first conceptions no one who loves and. properly appreciates the value of truth and knowledge could possibly desire. One of the most powerful ob structions to the advancement of know) edge is the too great readiness with which mankind make up Iheir minds, shut up the book of experience, and rest content ed with what they have seen. They who eek truth with favor are ever open to new evidence ever ready to consider, re-investigate the opinions they hold. They deem none irrevocably fiixed. They are tolerant of new views, and explore with candor the grounds ou which they are supported. The annexation of Alaska to the Uni ted States will not probably increase the pole tax. When the prodigal son went iuto a fur country he probably stopped in Alaska. The people there don't care for the return of spring; when the rivers begin to run they say itt mow matter. The territory is well defended against cavalry; there is a thiver de freeze all around it. It is a good place for orators, even the whales $pout. Education is very general; the whales go in school The hunters do not always stop to read their letters when they open the vah The North pole has never been seen; it is not certain whether the bears climb it. Those who go there are protected from the cold although they go in bear skins. ; -. : We would again remind those citi zens of Tennessee who desire to vote in the year 1S72 that they are required o pay poll tax for the year 1871. To save themselves trouble, they should r port their names to the State and County Assessor during this or tha next month. and be properly registered. This applies only to those under the age OI any years. XaihmlU JJomwr. Terms of. Subscription 'to tha HICKMAN COURIER. S3 OO PER YEAR IS ADTAXCE. Address, Publisher "Hieavaa Gaita," Hickman, Ky. Common Schools In Kentnckr So far. we have discovered nothimr to. the transactions of either House which indicates a disposition to amend the ex isting school law of tha Slats. After a great deal of squabbling and referring, the legislation of last session did pro duce a bill which is by long odd, in tha opiuion of everybody who ha had any thing to do with it, even worst than any of its predecessors. If it continues in fore tha effects will be to drtv every teacher worthy of tha nana from tha profession.. It lengthen tha period of teaching while it reallv diminishes tha already scant compensation of the teach er. While thia is the ease men and women who are really worth anything can and will find moie remunerative oa cupntion, and leave the field to' persona who are content o suffer gradual tar vatiou at twenty or thirty dollars par month. If the amount derived from tax ation will not admit of the payment of more eeuerons sums, tha revenue, for educational purposes should be increased by other mean. While Kentucky, uu ' jw 'w aa. pii oat rcnty. three cent per annum for each child of the -'school age." caw State like Nevada et aside over sixteen dollar for each child. In the amount pid for tda cations purpose we are behind avtrj other State in the Luton except north Carolioa. It is a burning sham that uch is the state of affairs in Kentucky. What we need is a school law rotten Q3 by experienced educators, men who know the wants of the public by actual cos tact with children and with teacher. If we eannot have that let us find out if possible what State in the Uuion ha tie best system of public schools, and then give us that even if in order to pay for it we have to build cbeaner state houses and fewer lock and dms.Big Sandy Herald. Spontaneous Combuatlon. Spontaneous combustion occur much more frequently than is generally sup posed; and the Boston Journal of Chem istry is of the opinion that many fires ascribed to incendiarism have owned their origin to that cause. Such com bustion differs from ordinary baroiog only in that the union of the combusti ble substance with the oxygen of tbe air is more gradual. When a log of wood rots in the forest, it is as really burned up as when it blazes in tha fireplace, only the process is so slow that tbe heat is not perceptible. The rusting of metals 1 another form of slow combustion; and if the rusting is sufficiently rapid, the rift of temperature is readily detected la inflammable substance, when tlow com bustion begins, the heat set free cause the oxidation to goon faster and faster, until the mas bursts into flames. Oily rags used by painters and cotton waste used for wiping machinery, are common causes of spontaneous combustion Oil spilt on dry sawdust has heen known to take fire in this way. Oil' that oxidite readily, like cotton seed oil. are especial ly liable to take fire without apparent cauee. Hay. cotton, tow. flax, hemp, leaves, rags, spent tow, straw in manure heaps, are all liable to tale fire spon taneously when stacked in quantities in a dtup state. These are tacts wbih every one should understand, a the knowledge of them may in many iostq trrnnnTr,'' iht U tin ). Plain Talk to till I. Your every d.iy toilet is a part of your character. A girl who looks like a 'fury or a sloven in the morning is not to bt trusted, however finely she may look ia th evening. No matter how huiublt yoir rooiu may be, there are eight thin: it shouid coutxiu, viz: a mirror, wash stand, soap, towel, comb, hair brush, nail and tooth brushes. These are just a essential as your breakfast, before which you should make good use nf them. ParentM who fail to provide their chil dren with such appliituces, not only make great mistake, but commit a sin ot omis sion. Look tidy iu tbe morning, and Mtter tbo dinner work is over improve your toilet. Make it a rule or your daily life to dress up' for the afternoon. Your dres may, or need not be, anything better than calico; but with a ribbon, or flower. or some bit of ornament, you can have an air of self respect and satisfaction. that invarubly comes with being wtil dressed. A girl with fine enibilitiea cannot help feeling embarrassed aud awkward in a ragged, dirty dress with her hair un kempt if a stranger or neighbor comes in. Morover your self respect should de maud ihedecent apparellingof your body. You should make it a point to look h well, as you can, even if you know bo body will see you but yourself. Mart an n Place or Ilealdenre. Keren t astronomical discoveriea sc-ra to iooicate that the planet Mars resemble the earth to a greater degree than any . other. So thoroughly ha Mars It en studied by many of the most noted as tronomers of tbe present, and of the past, that a map has actually been constructed from over sixty different viert, at different eon of tbe Mar year showing its seas and , continents, its snow line and its temperate cone, to such a degree that the analogy between it and tbe earth seems to establish tha conviction that Mar is,-in almost every respect, as well adapted for animal lit s the earth. And if adapted for such life, why not forintelligent human beings? Where Flies Come From. Flies will soon be abundant, and most people wonder where they come from. .Our readers, if they remember the followmg paragriph, can answer the inquiry: Th eggs of the house fly are laid in decay iog vegetable matter, sut-h as dead leaies, and especially in the manure of stables, about seveuty or eighty being tbco-ual number. These soon - hatch, and tht larva grows rapidly, feeding upon the rubstauces found near it. After a abort time tbe outer skin harden, and b comes brown and tough, forming a shaped like a little barrel divided Into rings. The transformation of the Lrva is quickly made, and the animal is moo ready to emerge as a perfect insect. . No farmer was ever made poor by pro riding comfortable quartern for hi stock, even though he ran in debt to do it; but thousand have become poor by not at tending to thi-s important natter. f animal well hou-ed in winter will tlirUt on much lew food than una ttpofod to ft-crm and driving winds. 4 '