-: .; ' . TMM MICiOl A W CO 1.' Ill ESL
. HICKMAN COURIER.
ruBLUKU IVKXT till T
Gl-e o;r ge, "VV a r r e n.
- On the eor&er of Jackson, and Kentucky sts
. .J fj. V' (a? stairs.) t , V; i
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Oa square, tea lines or less, on Insertion
$3.60 ; etc aubseqneat insertion 60c. ,
1 Square S manias.
44 a, u
' 4 '
HICKMAN. FULTON COUNTY , KENTUCKY , SATURDAY . FEBRUARY 18, 1871.
Fourth column 1 month 1 -
l g 44 .
44 j v yu
14 44 44 .
Half eoleaaa t months
g . .
On roluma 8 months - ,
fj - 44 ' ,
.4 12 4. - f -
Far Municipal Officers ,
Marrlagea an Deaths.
Notices of the above character will bo in
erted free of charge. Obituaries and trib
tea of respect inverted at $1 00 per square
KT Advertisements in Local Column $1
for four lines sr less and. 20 cents for each
additional line. . .
ttif Voluntary communications, contain
ing interesting news, solicited from any
quarter. News letters from Western Ken
tucky and Tennessee especially desired.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
STOVES, Tinware and Castings,
Tenn. and Mo. Iron, Steel and
CHAS. A.: HOLCOMBE'S COLUMN.
DR. JOHN BULL'S
DR. JOHN BULL.
llanufecttirer and . Vender of the
SMITH TOXIC SVIUP.
FOB. TBS CUM OF
AGUE AND FEVER
F EV E It,
f h - . f-""t or th
THE HICKMAN COURIER,
FEB. 18, 1871-
are now before Congress
a postal telegraph system.
One is Mr. Washburn's, of Wisconsin
which rrovides for the Durcbase of all
existing lines by the Gofernmeut, and
the other is Wr. Hubbard's of Boston,
which provides far the transmission of
telegraph letters by a company making
connections with all the post offices and
doing the work under bond to the Gov
: ST. T. JOHKSTOX, JR. - WALTER . DCSBAR.
JOHNSTON & DUNBAR.
- Ileal JCstate Agents, -.
(srceassoRS to avdkrsox & jorhsto,)
TTTILL PRACTICE IN ALL THE COURTS ,
Y f of Grates county, Ky., and in the.
Cireuit Court of McCracken, Ballard, Hick
man. Fulton. Marshall, and Calloway coun
ties. Also, in the Federal Courts at Padu-
cah, and the Court of Appeals at Frankfort.
Particular and personal attention giren to
the. collection of claims, and other business
entrusted to our care.
c a. aAJinta. b. a. ttlcr
rvrroRNEYs at law
Colleliors, Real Estate Agents
, HICKMAN, KY.
t& Will attend promptly to all business
entrusted then in Moutnwestern jwcbiockj
and Northwestern Tennessee.
Special attention giten to the inTestiga
.f Uai tilleiL and the rarchaso and
sals of Real Estate. jan8tf
B. R. WALKER,
' iVd Justices Courts excepted
Quarterly 4 JttetieWe.t Tennessee.
"aLtmipVcolleeted and remittance.
Biada.,, ..- mSSci?i ;
tLT - S 17 v flat II
bt wr nuiivva v"- . w
- ' m.r.J.I.W. I'd. 1.
sltoa, Sibisy "
rjX3 O TV" HE
Grates, Tin, Copper
done to order, such as Guttering, Roofing, et.
ail ainus oi
MILL WORK, EkAZlSQ, COPEft ru'w
LOOSS, SASH, BLX1TLS AITD GLAiS.
next door to MeCutchea k Co's, Store,)
J. H. DAVIS.
e - "ru or Mi.JV nj rrrmanenU
"r .c;i "'i r ever, er tnuia aaa r er,
whether of short or lonr standinr. Ho re
fers to the entire Western and Southwest
ern country to bear him testimony to the
truth of the assertion, that in no cm, what
ever will it fail to cure, if the directions are
strictly followed and carried out. In a
great many eases a single dose has been
sufficient for a cure, and whole families
hare been cared by a single bottle, with a
perfect restoration oi the general health,
it is, howeTer, prudent, and in eyery case
more certain to cure, if its use is continued
in smaller doses for a week or two after the
disease has been checked, more especially in
difficult and long standing cases. Usually,
this medicine will not require sot aid to
keep the bowels in good order; should tfc
patient, howeTer, require a cathartic medi
cine, after haying taken three or four doses
or the Tonio. a single dose of BULL'S VEQ
JJTBALK FAMILY PILLS will be sufficient.
DR. JOHN BULL 8 Principal Office:
No. 40 Fifth, Cross street,
B$L. All of the above remedies for
by C. A. UOLCOMBK, Druggist,
febS-ly Hickman, Ky.
JOHN BULL'S WORM DESTROYER
The Frankfort Yeoman, describing
the bandwritiDg of Hon. John T. Bunch,
the present Speaker of the Kentucky
House of Representatives, says that
"nothing like it has ever been found
witiiip the crypts of the lofty pyramids.
or unearthed from the ruins of Pompeii;
while the authographs of John Hancock,
Sam. Houston and Peter Force must
pale 'their uneSectual fires,' and sink in
to utter insignificance in the presence of I their work they enter 4he family
this gigantic specimen of penmanship."
Mb. Hkyels, the dusky Senator from
. A The Bible.
It is a.i that when at one time Queen
Victoria itertained a delegation from
Asia, of natives and idolaters, who had
seen all th( wonders of the British Is
lands, and jhey asked tje secret of all
this succesjand power, she pointed to a
Bible as tie great source of England's
prosperityi Father Hyacinthe, the Ro
man Cath&e priest, who made such a
sen?atiou w this country lately, gave the
following fribute to the Bible before the
commencement of the war now waging
between Prussia and Francc:
"Do yon know why Prussia triumphed
in the field of battle (with Austria V) It
was not because there was a lack of
bravery o either side ; it was not the
effect of feat wondrous weupon, for the
acquisition of which men are now so
eager: tt it was. because the assailant
oett educated than the assailed, and
&l had, a superior religious training: it
. - m -
was f, every Prussian soldier had
BuYjTJjils cay or helmet. In other
places r have asserted, and I assert
again here, that Uat which constitutes
the strength of Protestant nations is.
that when the people, come home from
enter 4he family circle,
and. sitting bv their Vearths. read the
Bible and their natiolal poetry. We
(France) are behindhand with Protes
and e?pecaily those who
A TUKILLI.G 8tCL
Two Hundred Men Struggling
for Life on Moving Ice.
To my United ' St tr$ a nd
BOOKS AND STATIONERY,
ft W 11SVB ,
boll &. Coa
6EKERM. C0OECTIN6 AGEHT
.. -.4.-4 t all BUBineee
WILL premptiJ aatera Ken-
fttrusttd to Bin Un8-tf
taekj WMt Tsnntssea. J
Lauflerdals &. Prath6f,
Titles, purchase and aaia or a
the prosecuwon ---v--ik Xer,
CUNTON STREET, HICKMAN, KY.
" . W 4) 4T
t - Manufacturer and Dealer ia
Havana and Domettlc Ggart,
TOBACCO, SNUFF, PIPES, ETC.
Toya, 3totInn, Etc.,
HICKMAN. - - - KT
Be-uthwesiern .r Mlaieorl.
fEACTt CE O F
SOAR -TUK1N ililX.
yZl TOjrr HICKMAN AND , ORA YES
ANL will attend promptly toall bustness
.trusted U kis care in said counties,
nd als In tha other eountiee in this Ju
4iieial DisU " '' i ' "
.r 4Mr.. .tthai- PADUCAU dffice. OT
VT:1 MJVILLZ. H.T. f
Southern Express Company
ITtOHWARP MONEY and Freight to al
r points in tha United States and the
Territories; also to all points in Europe.
OVERTON, STEELE & CO.,
oct 12 ... 4 - Agents. -
iBoaduraat Drewry, .
Wholesale Grocer, Forwajdin:
" ', - AND ''.
V IT. K. Walter' Drvj Store.
DR. J. W. G0UM.EY,
-.TFEM hU professieal !
O ia.s of Biekaafl, and vicinity.
Ifrofcwlonale -: -w
TpV"R5 CATLETT k BLANTON, t. to,
jjcluded t form a paruershift Tor
.lt.elaiM.tlmt.. Onr friends, and
t tatrally; who desire our mediea .fZ
them la the absence ef on, tha proi.es-
f lol imkej 1 tat etker aa bt at
T7ni;: 15. Plummcr,
' XTT1TCXT STREET, ; ,
TTITT3 asUatW si hand for .hire aa
LC T3. BTGGIE3 and HACKS.
Ti.E,i tirpitToa&g heretofore extend-
taia,k.5oi!ts aeaatiaiunor aame.
iJl 8. EiepUrd, aihis ol4 sUnd,' ntar
Jrda SwAtion, is still prepared U do wool
Giatkebetmaaasr aad oa the most
.r.ui ttnae. . Mry--l
Olilo River Salt tompanj.
A LARGE supply or ham, wjh,
CEMENT, and heavy
O It O CEKIES.
Money Saved is Honey Made!
I HAVE received many testimonials from
professional and medical men, as my al-
mmnacs ana various publications have
shown, all of which are genuine. The fol
lowing from a hieblr educated and riArtit i
physician in Georgia, is certainly one of the
moet sensible communications I hare 'ever
received, ur. Clement knows exactly what
he speaks of, and his testimony deserres to
be written in letters of frold. Hear what
the Doctor says of EulCt Worm Dei trey rr
YnxAsow, WAtKca Corwrr, Ga,"
. June 29, 18C6.
Dr. John DuUDrar Sir; I hare recently
f ITen jour norm Dettrover severitl
I and find it wonderfully efficacious. It has
not Tailed in a single instance to hare the
wished for effect. I am doirnr & rx-.n.
large country practice, and have daily use
for some article ef the kind. I am. fr ta
eoafeas that I know of no
tmrj they are uncertain in the extreme.
My object in writing you is to find out upon
what terms I can get the medicine directly
from you. If I ean get It on easy terms, I
shall use a great, deal of it. I am aware that
the use of such articles is contrary to the
teachings and practice of a great majority
of the rtgular line of M. D.'s, but I see no
just cause or good sense in discarding a rem
edy which we know to re eracient, simply
because we may be ignorant of its combina
tion. For my part, I shall make it a rule
to as all and any means to alleTiate suffer
ing humanity which 1 may be able to com
mandnot hesitating because some one more
ingenious than myself hare learned its ef
fects first and secured the sole right to se
cure that knowledge. However, I am by no
means an advocate or supporter of the thous
ands of worthless nostrums that flood the
country, that purport to cure all manner of
diseases to which human flesh is heir. Please
reply soon and inform me of your best
I am, sir, moat respectfully.
JCLIC8 P. CLEMENT, M. D.
A GOOD REASON FOU TIIE
Read th Captain' Ltiter and the Letter From
Bjextob Bab sacks, Mo.; April 30, '66.
Da. Job Bcll Dear Sir: Knowing the
efficiency of your Sarsaparilla, and the heal
ing and beneficial qualities it possesses, I
send you tha following statement of my ease:
I was wounded about two years ago was
taken prisoner and confined for sixteen
months. Being moved so often, my wounds
have not healed yet. I have not sat up a
moment since I was wounded. I am shot
through the hips. My general health is
impaired, and I need something to assist
nature. I have more faith in your Sarsa
parilla than in any thing else. I wish that
that is genuine. Please express me half a
doxen bottles, and oblige
Capt.C P. JOHNSON,
, . Sc Louis, Mo.
P. S. The following was written June
80, 1805, by Mrs. Jennie Johnson, mother of
CJ?1- Jl? Sf g? oir S'ai t h.statn Dr. C-
sician in Central New York, where he died,
leaving the above C. P.' Johnson to my care.
At thirteen years of age he bad a chronic
f. . j 0 . i nut uBiiuus. auu c?
,13a.fT., uiuuo a Byu u iue """ dwell Lsvond tha Atlanta and the Straits
rr i . ir.i , . - 1 - I j .
ou Auurauay, wnicn uas me men oi ub- i 0f Dover. Twice have 1 trodden Ene
ing more sensible and practical than the Iish soil; and I have coae to the con-
outgivinss of many pompous white Sena- Tcon that the strength or that country
tors of the same political faith. The
speech was in opposition to a proposition
of Mr. Patterson looking to mixed schools,
where white and colored children could
be educated together. Tha gectleman
from Mississippi opposed the proposition
because he "was satisfied that the passage
by Congress of such a law would increase
the prejudice of the white man against
the black, which prejudice, he was sor
ry to say, seemed to be on the increase
is from the Bible."
A glance at the various nations of the
earth shows that the most prosperous and
trie most powerful are those who read
the Bible the most.
w & taw
. - i, a- mawi 1 1 r m a 4w
T SPRING AN I) SUMMER STOCK, we
htllllr th next two weeks our entire
CLOTHING, BOOTS AND
GENTS FURNISHING GOODS, iC,
at grertly reduced prices. h l
Wore Purchasing elsewhere
v a w w
Call and be eon-
HICKMAN KARBIiE , WORKS
tllan ana ' ,ND GRAVE
MOSUMESTS, TOMB AM W
diarrhea and scrofula, for which I rave him
your Sarsaparilla. It ccked hi. I have
for ten years recommended it to many in
New York, Ohio, and Iowa, for scrofula,
fever sores, and general debility. Perfect
success has attended it. The cures effected
in some cases of scrofula and fever sores
were almost miraculous. I am very anxious
for my son to again have recourse to your
Sarsaparilla. lie ia fearful of getting a
spurious article, bonce hie writing to you
for it. His wounds were terrible, but I be
lieve he will recover.
RnectfullT. JENNIE JOHNSON",
BULL'S CEDRON BITTERS."
Arkansas Heard From... .
TXSTIMONT. OT MEDICAL 3IEK.
mnn- irV.. Mar 23. "64
8T0MT powt. . r - - - -
Da. joh r,. mnd I
I was in UMiisv.ne P- Cedron
got some or your oa."-.
B5""- i with . xna in the
? 'Ir0aVbeeTdown with rheumatism for
!LSfiIme commenced on the Bitters,-and
some time, c . ...uii improved.
'Tr Gist whaVbe-enin bad health, tried
them, and be also Improve t ft
several years g fc b- th, wtt of your
be improved very wacny Bitter. has
Bitters. liv, i tkis settU-
Wef ihink I could sell . great qua.tity
meat. I h B" r..,.j. fall especially of
Amono the contingent expenses of
Congress are some curious items. From
an account, recently published in the
New York Trxlunt. it appears ' that the
average cost to the government of bnry-
ng a member of Congress is about $1,-
600. The arrest of Patrick Woods, for
knocking down a Virginia Congressman,
who refused to drink with him. " took
370 from the contingent fund, of which
V a day went to keep the prisoner in
provisions during hia incarceration. Pat
must have lived well, or somebody made
money by the operation. The cost of
bringing the recalcitrant witness, Flor-
nce Scaaoel, from New Tork. wss .
. . a -
1.I tm 1-. " -
500 from the fund. The carting of doc
uments to and from the House, cost $7,-
500, at $1 per load. The cost of board
at a New Orleans hotel is set down at 83
per day, which is the amount charged by
the sub Committees of Elections and
their messenger. . for the three months
spent in that city investigating the Louis
iana election frauds.
It is stated that the agricultural statis
tics of the census returns will be ready
for publication at an early day, and will
show many interestieg facts now not gen
erallv known. They will prove that
there has been considerable decrease in
the amount of live stock raised in New
England since 1860, while the business
of market gardening, in the vicinity of
the cities and villages, has grown very
rapidly. One eonsequenco of this is a
marked improvement in the style of liv
ing afforded by the middle classes, as
shown in the greater variety found on
the tables of mechanics and improved
modes of cookiog. It is thought that
this will result in a noticeable improve
ment in the health of the 'people. The
mortality statistics will be very much
more complete than those of any previ
ous census, and though the death rate of
1870 may appear greater than that of
1869, which was reported as 1 in 80, it is
supposed that this will show rather a
more faithful record than an increase of
mortality.- The bane of all vital statis
tics is the "unknown" column, and this
Gen. Walker expects to reduce from 50
to 60 per cctit. below that of 18G0.
Who can rea tU. -ll i- -"pidly
without lisping' or getting tongue tied:
sifted a sieve full of unsifted thistles!
Now if Theophilus Thistle, the thistle-
sifter, sifted a sieve full of unsifted this
tles, where is the sieve full of silted this
tles that Theophilus Thistle the thistle
Wanderlner Je- Interview
A curious rumor comq from an ob
scure village in the neighbtrhood of Ant
erp, that the strange, sad weary figure
of the Wandering Jew hat appeared in
its vicinity. It passed through the market-place,
carrying its historical staff in
its hand, with the old Rotzan costume,
warn and dingy draped abtut it, bare
footed, and with its long beard streaming
in the wind. Adults fled from it in af
fright, but some children followed the
figure to the outskirts of the village,
where it paused and addressed a few
words to them. It told them to go back
and tell the people that a near ruler had
arisen in Europe, who would bring Bel
gium, Holland and other powers under
his rule; that the present year would wit
ness many vicissitudes among the peo-
fles, and that many heads now loftily
eld will have fallen before its close.
Upon being questioned by tha children as
to his name, the mysterious stranger re
sponded: "Seek not to know. I have
been here before in the past. I shall be
I meaioiiicB - - -.,. ,. Blt!
J. . ... lot of American -7 Bitur. ad Keelv
A Man in Kentucky, who lately found
a lock of hair imbeded in a tree, has re
ceived a solution : of the mystery in the
In olden times when wizzaid cures for
diseases were more in vogue than at the
present day, a cure phthisic was prescrib
ed as follows: Take a lock of hair from
the head of a patient, especially a child,
and bore a hole in a tree, place the hair
in the hole, and then plug the hole up.
The simultaneous growth of the child and"
the tree takes the malady from the child,
and is supposed to be transmitted to the
trees - - - - - -
The disadvantages of living in Green
land, so far as the receipt of news is con
cerned, is shown in the fact that, al
though knowing'that war was imminent
last summer between France and Prussia,
the people of that frigid land will know
nothing of the4 ctual fact of the war
until next summer that 'is, unless by
..;.?nt a shit should chance to laud at
;bnr,;tahle shores before that lime.
Ou the 12th of September last; news of
.i. . v... kla nnthreak of toe war wss
mo ui vuwiw m
:1j , HroAnland bv as; American
.b; which touched there on that date
n . .u-r. b islanders have HO
XUi biuus -
news of eurrent wvtnti .
in, ana loo up its plodding way,
grauua.iy disappearing from tneir sight
This singular event has created much
excitement in the neighborhood in which
it is said to have occurred, and the sen
sation caused by the rumors of this mys
terious personage has spread to Antwerp
and other cities ot Iselgium. the Wan
dering Jew was last seen at Brussels, in
1774. Previously to that ne uaa been
een sttrasborg. in 13S0, and later in
1530. la some quarters there is a belief
that this person who lately appeared in
Be'eiumisan imposter, but the accounts
that are given of the sad expression of
his countenance, the dignity of his bear
ing, and the almost supernatural expres
sion of his eye, forbade the supposition
in the minds of those who witnessed his
sudden appearanco in their midst, that
he was other than that strsoge mystery
of the agesb doomed for contumely to our
o . . .1. ill t. .L.ll
oaviour to aoiae on eartu uuui u euau
come agaia the Wandering Jew
Ice Storm. The Phenomena of
Beat and cold.
Temperituremaybe considered, taking
the average ot one year as aunuorm;
that is, eact year will prasent the same
average of ttaiperatnre. reopie win oe
heard every year saying "We have a very
hot summer," "We have a very cold
winter," &e, but each year will present,
with very little variation, the same aver
age temperature in the same place. The
average temperature in Cincinnati, for
twenty-sevei years was 53.7 degrees.
The aversgs temperature for 18C7 was
53.4 degrees, If we assume the average
temperaturesf Cincinnsti to be 53 de
grees, there sill be very little difference
from it in an one year. The idea there
fore, that tbeseasons have changed, is a
mistake. Tfcre are, however, "cyeles,"
in which th winters" become in some
successive yeiw much colder, or the sum
mer hotter, i is true." In 1856, began a
at- -Mer wtr, but no colder
than they had been half a century before.
In Jnary. ISOV. the weather was cold
er than it ( e?fcr tn k no-rrn bat 01104
since, which ww about leae-T. There
is connected arith the cold winters a
phenomenon thich has cot been fully
explained, int wbicn wo couiu -u
ice-storm. This seems a sudden descent
of cold, which lasts several days .In
this a dent ot w - .
or is it a twte which ' passes gradually
over the continent, and which may
Slve its origin in the North Pacific ?
The Gfie(t has given tables of the
brb?eined,itwillbeseen that the
cold extend over tn?
from thelkj Mountains ;"---
j i. iu v v,reiselv hkea wave of the
Jt &emouutains,intne Northwest,
.1 . .:n ; omst. or axis
11 continue-" .
was on tb Upper Mississippi.
, in..... . TtihlA Societv have
lately issoedau appeal, in which tbejMyj
..rr k atnitious contributions of the
pastvea'r should be doubted this ;7ea.
Fu!' f...Mra could , iudiciously expend
... dollar b embracing the opportu-
ft demands for lilt
nines ,uvv.D .-. -- ,,
distribution already before them, r y
of 82.200 received 10
t" i! ifiG9.a donation: of 4,000 was
made attle close of last year's operations
(March 31st.) but unless there should
be a very general response and enlarged
:knn bv the churches during the
VUUHIUM"- J . ... -
mnntba the Societv will be un
able even to denote $4,000, ' whik tha
J!-'-, wnnld -ha rlad to ba able to
respond to the above appeal and double
tha amount this year.
Poughkeipsii, Feb. 5. All day
yesterday and the night previous the
wind blew a hurricane at all points on
tbe Hudson, coming from the north sod
west. The mercury in the thermometer
dropped fast and the cold increased in
intensity hourly. Ice gatherers at all
quarters suffered greatly, and had it not
been Saturday work would have been
As before stated, it was a terrible day.
They were scattered all over the river.
At 4:30 p. m., a cry rang through the
crowd, "The ice is moving ! Go lor the
shore!" In an instant the wildest ex
citement ensued. The toilers looked to
the northward and observed clear water
between tbe ice they were on and the
solid frozen bridge north of 'Crogers."
The entire field of ice, embracing the
whole channel of Haverstraw Bay, was
on the move and carrvins with it nearly
two hundred human beings. Pikes and
nets were dropped and then there was a
rush for safety while the air was filled
with cries for help from the throats of
the cut off fishermen who could be seen
RL'SniNG ABOUT MADLT UPON THE ICE
In ten minutes after both the western
and eastern shores were lined with villa
gers, who ran about upon the beach,
scarcely knowing what to do. Finally
a few of the more cool-headed launched
four boats and started on a dangerous
voyage of rescue. In the meantime
scores of the fishermen had reached the
edge of the ice nearest the shore, and
trusting to luckr plunged into the freei
ing water and reached terra firms in safe
ty, covered from head to foot with a thick
coating of ice. It was then .observed
that nine were left, and that the surging
tide was swinging the field of ice far out
into the river, tb.e Hudson at the point
named being extremely wide. Again tbe
boats started to the rescue, but before
THE FROZEN ISLAND,
five out of the nine were in the river
struggling frantically against death. Just
as they were about giving up, the boats
reached them, and they were drasged in
completely exhausted, and two of them
had fainted. In an instant almost their
clothing had frozen stiff, and the rowers
with great difficulty kept them alive by
constant and vigorous rubbing until the
shore was reached, when their benumbed
forms were handed over to willing bands
and carried to warm firesides, where they
soon afterwards showed sigDS of life, but
the hands of all were badly frozen as
were also their ears. As soon as they
were landed upon the beach, the boats
again started for the ice field to rescue
the four surviving fishermen. By this
time the detached ice had floated down
the river two miles, and
..i . , 4m W -... 1 -
could be seen in the center of the field
stamping and running and throwing up
their arms, but cothmg could prevail
upon them to leave tbe center, as the
chopping waves were breaking up the
edges ot tbe ice, and now and then huge
cracks would run aloog tbe frozen sur
face for hundreds of feet, giving warning
to the fishermen that their floating ice
island was, by tbe action' of tbe wind and
waves, breaking to pieces beneath them.
Darkness came and then the moon rose
upon tbe scene, and still the wind blew
with ereat violence. The four small
boats, containing brave hearts, were fast
ened to the icefield and floated down the
river with it. the occupants of tbS boats
vainly endeavoring to get the now per-
a a . v ft
inning men to come toward meni. ien
o'clock came and all were six miles away
from the "break off, when the men in
the boats noticed a cessation of the cries
from the fishermen. This to them was
full of horror, as it gave token of tbe
possibility of the
CNFOBTtJNATI MKN FREEZING TO DEARTH.
Whatever was to be done must be done
quickly; so a hurried consultation was
bad, and it was resolved ta make a des
perate attempt to save them. According-
y, after several efforts to gain a foothold
upon the ice, during which three or four
of tbe boatmen fell into the river, a firm
standing-place was found, when the boats
were dragged on the ice, and then all
hands started for the fishermen, whom
they found in a terrible condition, with
feet, noses, hands and ears frozen. They
had given up .all hopes of succor.' and
expected death in a short time.
UOKIIORS OF TUB I'ltlSO.V,
Freezing of TTonnded Prisoner.
, A correspondent of the London Slan
dard thus describes his visit to the en
campment of French prisoners at Glogua,
in Silesia, where there are 15,000 of
these wretched captives :
We commenced our visit to tbe en
campmentsat noon. On entering them
we felt a most horrible sensation. It is
almost impossible to give a ' correct idea
of the appalling aspect of those sheds in
which men are crowded by thousands.
Eighteen men are placed in compartments
of four square yards. They were lying
down, three of them upou two straw mat
tresses, the straw of which was soaked
through, for the snow covering the roofs
is melting, and fall down drop by drop
in those infectious 'places upoD the faces
and limbs of our soldiers daring their
sleep when they can sleep. These mis
erable rooms have no fire, and when
lighted the light is so feeble that it is
almost impossible to' recoenize each
other. - ; -
They are composed of an underground
and ground floor, very low, without any
ventilation: what the inmates inhale
must bring them soon to the hospital
and from thence to ttStfcemetery.
"My children," saidf' tJomroander Da
val, "here are friends from Valenciennes
who come to shake bands with you
All of them hurried around us and
thanked us with effusion.
The food of the prisoners is msufij
cient , it consists of gruel or rice, some
times a few ounces ot meat, very black
and heavy bread, and that only once
day, for we cannot reckon as a meal tbe
warm black water given to them in the
morning under the name of-coffee
Most of tbe prisoners were without
shirts, under-clothing, 'socks or shoes ;
some wear but linen trousers, although
tbe cold is intense and the enow is very
deep. We were freezing standing up
and our legs became stiff in no time.
irom the encampments we proceeded
to the hospitals. Ihey were full of pa
tients, and tbe prevalent diseases were
typhus, dysentery, and small pox. These
wretched men have but a straw mattress,
and as they die other patients take their
places, even without the straw being
changed. There is norelierio any shape,
and tie officers are unable to come to
their assistance. The German doctors
have adopted the system ot giving no
wine to the convalescents ; water is the
only cordial prescribed; it is very little
of a tonic as you see. Then, as soon as
a patient is able to scarcely stand upon
bis legs, be is sent back to the encamp
ment. This is the cause of many fatal
relapses; and that measure is applied in
the whole of Germany.
The daily mortality is from eight to
tn men. - hour bodies are piled up m
l ln i
I W m u. told ti
front of his barracks. The sentry cried
in derma n, " ho is there? The pns
oucr did not either hear or understand,
and he was shot down at once. True.
Terms of Subscription to tho
$2 OO PER YEAR IN A OVA. ICC.
Addreaa, Publisher "Hjcxman Cooaisa,"
Hickman, Ky. --
IIavt Ml Cary Hanar Heminee
River nl Hie Oeattt Ilea f
" From the Lexington Prees, Feb. .
" (fa Sunday last as the venerable Chief
Justice Robertson, stricken by tbe hand
of death, lay almost insensible to the
world, which he seemed fast leaving for.
ever, while the gtgantio brain, which, for
o many years, had throbbed grandly to
tbe inspirations of his genius, barely
fluttered with the consciousness of" life,
he expressed a desire to hear MUs Cary
sing the ballad of "Old Folks at Home,
aa if the atraioa of his. favorite nuelody
would have power to call back hi sou!
from the portals of the grave which ha
was ao fast nearing. This wish was et
once communicated to Miss Cary, who
willingly consented to do any thing ia
herpower to rouse the ebbing current of
life in one who, an flatemnn or j-irit,
has known but few rivals daring th
course of a long and eventful me. Oa
reaching the residence of Judge Robert,
son, Miss Cary was at once ushered int
the chamber wbera so much of ictelleot
and learnibg was fast flickering out into
ibe darknesa of the unknown hereafter,
and without accompaniment of any kiud
raised her rich contralto voice in the
touching words, uWay down upon tha
Sewanee River," but before she had eacj
three lines, broke down in the intensity
f ber emotion. Calming herself aha
agained essayed the ballad, and, while
tbe venerable and stricken man lay drink
ing her glorious melody, poured cat her
wbe'e soul ia the simple utterances
which gave so much pleasure toons
whose giant intellect had in days scone
fascinated the nAst talented of tbe land.
When she had ceased Judge Robertson
could scarcely express his gratiHaatioa
by signs, yet signified a desire that Miss
Cary should sing for him "Home, Sweet
Home. Twice did the gifted artiste
attempt to comply with the requeft, but
her emotion was too great, and, choked
with feeling she was compelled to leave
the room. The whole incident w is one
of the most touching and affecting epi
sodes that ever marked the death-bed of
departing greatness. '
experimenting Ulfli (lie
Old Rut Good. .
The Rev. Samuel Clawson, Methodist
preacher of eccentric manner, sometimes
called the "wild man," was very popular
n Western Virginta some twenty years
w I eavfw m4f1 A
8tO. He was croseya " j ,
and 4ry dark skinned lor wniio man.
At times he was surprisingly eloquent,
always excitable and occasionally et.
travasant. He once accompanied a
brother miniatar, !.. Mr. R a promi
nent paSIOT; IS m via, 44,4ulLred churchy
Mr. 11.. eave tbe colored preacher the
hint, and, of course, Clawson was invited
to preach. ' lie did bo, and daring tbe
sermon set the impulsive Africans to
shouting all over the house. This in
turn, set Clawson to extravagant words
and he leaped out of the pulpit like a
deer, and began to' shake the hands of
tbe colored brethren ana mix in
happily. He wept for joy. Then, press-
pg througn tnecrowu, .
H , and sitting down oesiue uiui
threw his arms around nis neca, auu
with tears streaming down his cheeks he
"Brother R , I almost wish I had
been boru a nigger. xuese iwias
more religion than we nave.
-Well, well, said It
.. . . ...JVt rftrv shnnt it.
near it mat jb "u -
Th Stat of Batard and Sacls-
BCRT Delaware .deserves a new name.
Her United otates ocua.u, r
been monopolized by the "first families,
i v.- . rw t them at mat. .,(
. Ti,nma F. Bavard. Before
senator Rich. II. Bayard, ben
v.- a Ttard.. sr.; and Senator
v. . l R.rJ ir. Then she has a ben
...lm: .i,Wv. The three candi-
aior x.4 j j- . ,
r. vacant Senatorship. at tne
. V" r .11 Saulaburvs. all in
lave oiecnuu, " - --- : w ,
r.m;i. Such ia the State of Dela
L. .bat mar well be hereafter knowa
as the State of Bayard and Saulsbory,
Gen. Jobal Earlj is said to be dying
bodies are piled up m a I it down aaio
is th.ic ttr. Awlt'ul 1 and in iuiu at
I in oo of tV
imt at Cologne, on Box! Uelor lV fa
cr cm tutuij paucs Id j discovered ilia
the authorities of Cologne are extremely
severe within the last -few days. It is
na'd that on Christmas night the prisoners
had completed an evasion en masse. Tbe
whole garrison was under arms on that
grand day, and fhe batteries were pointed
on the Deutz Bridge. Is the assertion
true? I very much doubt it, for an
evasion in such conditions seems impos
sible. The whole of Germany seemed
to us still full of soldiers.
Thursday we wre at Leipsic. . in that
great towo there are few French soldiers,
but many officers about three hundred.
we were told. . They said they were well
treated by the Saxons. , Some, of those
officers seemed to be almost certain that
the Mobile of Valenciennes were at Min-
den, and forMioden we left at once. We
were to pass a fourth night in a railway
carriage ; tbe fatigue would have been a
trifle had we found tbemout.
We arrived at Mioden at five in the
morniog, but our brothers, pur townsman,
were not there. ; However, as there are
nearly seven thousand French prisoners
encamped in the fortress, we naturally
wished to visit them.' We applied to the
commander of the town for the required
permission- : tie received us in tbe most
coarse manner, asking ua, "Have you
something to give us? then give it at
once; if not,4 it will be just the same.
Move on." We left him, but we went in
search of tbe priest-almoner belonging
to the French camp. We : soon found
him out, and from him and from tbe
charity-sisters we were told the secrets
of the hospitals," which " the' Prussian
General wanted to keep from " us. ' Tb
day before three hundred French sailors
had entered Miodeo they had been)
made prisoners at Orleans and during
the journey their feet had been frozen.
Many amputations would be' necessary.
iorrors so appalling are unworthy of a
great nation, and. 1 can. .not understand
wny tbe vxerman natiou doea not protest
against such acta of atrocitj perpetrated
ny ner Uenerais.
From the San Francisco Bulletin. 1
The flight of this novel mioature ma-'
chine last Saturday was a complete auc-
cess. The gas-holder was filled with
hydrogen gas at tha cwrner of Folsom
and Sixteenth streets, and floated over to'
oodward a Gardens, a distance of four
blocks. Tbero steam was raised in the
minature boiler, and the airship sailed
about back and forth to the satisfaction
of the inventor and of the spectators.
Yesterday afternoon it was advertised
to sail again at Woodward's Gardens. At
its first ascension, it did not work to the
satisfaction of Mr. Morrow, who brought
t down attain to remedy 6',t oetoct.
,T9,l to ttoe 4iriue
at tiaio. btn nd, it .
at the. iras-holuer"was leak
ing, and that a large amount -of f-aa hd
escaped. The aperture was discovered
and mended, and the gas-generating ap
paratus was set to work to replenish the
exhausted volume. But it did not fill
rapidly, and after an hour's striving ua- ,
der difficulties, the dense crowd presit,g
close around the workmen and discom
moding them, it was discovered that some
one had cut a hole with a knife in tha
gas holder the breadth of a man' hand -
from which tbe gas was escaping oearly ,
as fast as generated. This leak wa
stopped and tbe balloon was partially
filled, but not until the thousand who '"
were eager to witness tbesuccessful flight -bad
gone away disappointed. - At about
dark Bteam was again generated, and tha
old looking contrivance rose again in tba
air, and held by ropes, 6ailed around .
feuccesf fully, propelled by the windmill
In the working of his engines op to
this time he has not attached the new
application to his motive power, on which' '
be claims his success will ehiefly depend.
Ha has ioyented, and will shortly apply -for
a patent for, a manner by which ha , .
can combine tha expansive force of air. ,
and water. He will immediately attaeh
the improvement to his apparatus. With
the motive power as it now stands be caa '
fly, and ha flown tha ship against a
strong wind, and. with the additional,
power which tha improvement will give,
he expects to be able to dispense wi'h tha
gas holder entirely, or by securing its
mora satisfactory working, . to uae com
mon coal gas of barely sufficient qasnti.
ty to overcome tba power of gravitation.
In a few days he expects to ba5 this
attachment complete, when it h' to b
hoped that the fullest success will attend
hi endeavors.; . - v ' :..'... .
IN early four thousand persona visited
Woodward's Garden's yesteaday, to wit.
ness the flying machine and other at
tractions. - The yard containing tha am
phitheater was densely crowded.
Sixty-five Ttionannd Uotncn
In lSew "York city.
tor Che laat ten
Manufacture oi" Hutton. '
Tbe first manufacturer of . buttoua in
this- country was Samuel V iluatoo.
While he was dragged along aa a conn
try storekeeper hia . eyea .having failed
him while etudyiog for tha .ministry
his wife bethought her that she could
cover by hand tbe wooden buttons of the
time, and thus earn ao - nonest penny.
From this the couple advanced in their
ambition until they had perfected ma
chinery for covering; buttons; the first
employed for the purpose in this coun-
try. t rom mis sprang i""1" -tory
snd tben others, until Samuel Wil-i
lis ton made half the buttons of the world.
factories are still "running at rasi-
hampton, coining", wealth for the propria
tors, and known to every dealer in buttons
tbe world over. Ue is now between
seventy and eighty years of age, is worth
five or six millions, and has given 400 -
000 to Easthampton for a seminary auu
for churches, $200,000 to ooutn iiau.ey
Female Seminary, and 800,000 to Am
herst College, besides lesser gifts. '
TO TILL HOW THS WlND BLOWS.
Farmers often want to know tha direc
.? r 41.- -ir When verv ceatle it
. j:e...t. tn HtAriiiine.
is someumea uiiu' " . , . " 7
ii ;nrr t;mnl method will iodica
j? ,-ii, n'norrinrr certainty : Wet
Birevtiuu win. -r, .
a finger and elevate in tne air.
of the finger experiencing
tion will tell "from whenca
whither it sosth."
it comes and
years, liU,ZUd peraona
were men and C5,G7- women, were coia
BitiMruiy ron for intotieation
alone.' A coord ing to th city inspector's '
report, from 1861 to 1SC2, tb ra were
2,522 deaths caused by. intemperant .
and f rom that period to tha 31et Decem
ber, 1868. they amounted to 2,170. ' ""
In 1862, out of 18,517 committed, r
there were 11,397. women, and , 7.120
men. Iteporta of tha City Priaon show
that womep are much more . incorrigible .
than men. . -
It may be said that these wot: en be.
loneed to "the lower elasa." No matter ,
what class" they belonged to, tby wera
women possessors of Immortal a:uis. it
is fearful to contemplate the ; havoe that .
intemperaoce is making among the sex. ,
1"' a t a ;J..T
Tbero is reason to Deiieva mai muui- -
gence, even to excels, ia iujh"&
bevjrages, prevails among women
is styled "high life." And yet some of- -our
young women who Lava bad a Chris
tian education, and some of or older
womeo who have suffered from the in
temperance of husbands, sons, of broth
ers, will continue to indulge, and en
courage others to iodolga, ia wk t they i
call "moderaU driaking"- - U henca
cometberaoruUatotheraoka of drunk ;
enoess? ,... - ':.'. r
Wodkbtul Rivra The uivigablt
portion of the Missouri river aauuuts ia -
tall Tfi A.l JU Ulll wo "
from 300 to 1.500 yards, except
water, when it is from 600 to
The river and tribatariss'
jaw .laiaaaata " ' ' '
' a - . Jat
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