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nmati avxar wtit BT O o o r g o "W a, r r e n; r ' O'JL-'-LCJiiJ: " V- On tl e carter of Jeekecn end Kentucky tit (upstair.) C1IAS. A. HOLCOMBPS COLUMN DR. JOHN BULL'S Great Remedies .ML. JOHfcT BULKS' Concentrated Extract of . B-U:C M TLX ... COMBINED TVITE Brcmids of Potassium. Purchase a Bottle and carefallj read direc tions. TCHU 13 A STIMULANT, and of itself I 1 may fail to fleet a ure, but Bucbu, when scientifically combined with Bromide of Potassium and other ingredient, pro duce a sedative effect, and eaases a healthy 1 actio a, thoe increasing tho powers of diges tion, allaying irritation, reducing all un natural swelling. sLopping pain and inflam matlaa. tdewtjnrjr ik repairs and nutri- iie wastes, thua preventing decomposition ; aad deoay, aad gitn nourishment, health aad Tis-or to the system. My Buebu is good for all diseases arising from excesses: such as Weakness, and Pais in the Back and Legs. Trembling in the re ctos of the Heart, Weak Nerves. Vail id Countenance, Dryness of the Skin, Scrofula -Syphilis, In its many forms, Ulcers, and Tumors. Ityour system is affected by any of the above avmMoma and diseases, relief la at head. Pet a bottle of my Bucha and Bro mide of Potaaaium at once and yoa may re ly ob being eared. I know just what I say. My record aa a Compounder of Medicine Is second to no man la tho bouthwest. Twenty-five or thirty years ago, aa my fellow-citiiens know full well, found me bo kind the prescription counter in the city in which I bow dwell; I have cured more peo ple of various diseases than all the pnysi Un, In T-miIHlji nut together Undoubt edly, for every single patient that any Louisville physician has I hay a hundred. I am no o Da tart of yesterday. ' My Medi- ciaeaare a succesa a great success.. Louis villa is not large enough for me to have a competitor. I monopolise the Wholesale Patent Medicine Trade here. One and an other baa tried, by copying after me here la Louisville, to compete with me, but, one after another, their guns have been silenced, and their efforts have been abortive. Mr Medicines are good and answer the purpose that is the secret of my success My reputation aa a compounder of good, re tlabls as tides is fully established. I believe my Buchu and Bromide of Po- tasBinm Is the best article now in ma mar ket for the cure of all aiseaste of te uriasry or erenito-unrinary orcans, auch. as Noctur nal Iecontinencrritabiliye of the Bladder and rrr'hrnsli i ltinmriti of the Pelvis of the Kidney, and all that class of diseases Buy a dollar bottle and be cured. Uee as per directions in all canes. JQpS BULL.M.D. 2an:&ctsrr and Vender cf tha SM1TD TONIC SJRUP. roe. trs erst or .--.AG TIE AND FEVER OS - CHILLS AND JEVER, The proprietor of this celebrated medi cine lastly claims for it s superiority over ail remedies eve offered to the public for tho aafe, certain, speedy, and permanent euro of Ague and I e ver, or coins ana r ever, whether of short or long VUnding. He re fers to tho entire Western and Southwest ern country, to bear him testimony to the truth of the assertion, that in no case what ever will it fail to cure, fVbe directions are trietlv followed ant caertecl out. in wait many casea a single dose has been ..iffiriant for a eure. and whole families have been eajrftity eingle bottle, with i eerfeet restoriZja ot thener&l health It'ia, however, prudent, and in every case mora certain to cure, if its use is continued la smaller doses for a week or two arter tne disease has been Recked, more especially in difficult and longstanding cases. Usually, thie medicine will not require any aid to keep the bowels in good order ; "should the patient, however, require a cathartio medi ciae. after having taken three or four doses af tho Tonic, a single dose of BULL'S VEQ- 1TB A LB I AMILX flU8 will be soEicienu BULL'S WORM DESTROYER. ... . Extjact of a Letter from Georgia. Vk.ia.xow, Waitces Cocwtt, Ga., Juno 29, 1866. Dr. Jan Bull Dtar Sir; I have recen tly given your Worm Dtitroyer several trials, and find It wonderfully efficacious. It has et failed in a siagle instance to bar the wished for effect. I am doing a pretty large country practice, and have daily use for some article of the kind. . I am, sir, respectfully. JULIUS P. CLEMENT, M. IX f S. So unqualified and numerous are the testimonials in favor of my Worm Do atroyer that newspaper space Is entirely too email to tell ita merits. It is an infallible remedy for Worms. Try it and be convinced. See my journal for a mora fall description. . JOHN BULL. BULL'S SARSAPAWLLi ... 6t. Lotts, April 30. : Da. Jew Bnt Peer Sir : Knowing the efficiency ef your 8rsaparilla, and the heal ing and beneficial qualities it possesses, 1 end you the following statement of my case: I was wounded about two years ago was ' taken prisoner and confined for sixteen months. Being moved ao often, my wounds have not healed yet. f have not aat up a moment since I wet wounded. I am shot through the hips. My general health is Impaired, and I need something to assist nature. I have mora faith in your Sarsa earilla than in any thing else. . I wish that that is genuine. Please express mo half 4os bottles, and oblige . Catt C. T. JOHNSON, . T. JL Mr. Johnson waa the son of a skill ful eurgeoa. His mother recommended to her friendc and for many years used my Barsaparilla with perfect aaccess. j.u bcrof- via and Favar-eoree Mrs. Johnson states that the cures affected were almost rairaou loua. Read my Journal for extended in- - formation and advice In your case. My Journal contains certificates of eminent vorsona. ministers and medical men men who arc known here in this community for Integrity and -veracity. I have recently received a roost remarkable certificate from an eminent eentlemaa cX Louisville. JOUN BULL. STILL'S P3-T02AL WILD CEESEY. CULL'S CEDROri BITTERS, , - BULL S VEGETABLE FAMILY PILLS, . . All the above medicines -prepared by Dr. "Jahn lo!l at fcje laboratory, Fifth Street, - Louisville, Ky. For sale by C. A. HOLCOMBE, Druggist, Hickman, Ky. marehi VOL. V. N. P. HARNESS & CO. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALEE3 IN STOVES, Tinware and Castings AMO, TeniL and Mo. Iron, Steel and CASTINGS, m ' Axles, 2Tutb3, Fellows, Spoke,tc, etc and all kinds of TJoodvyorli. ALSO, Grates, Tin, Copper ami SHEET-IRON WARE. .Job Work" done to-order, auch ss Outtering.'Roofing.et. an imas ot MILL WORK, BRAZING, COPPER PIPES 130CBS, SASH, BLBTES A2TD GLASS. Etc., Etc CLINTON STREET, next door to MoCulchen & Co's, Store,) nickman, Ky. J. H. DAVIS DXALXa IX Groceries, BOOKS AND STATIONERY, BOOTS, snoBS, HATS, CAPS, etc. CLINTON STREET, HICKMAN, KY. tflj. Particular attention yaid to Filling Orders. jano w FRANCIS HILLER, Manufacturer and Dealer in Havana and Domestic Cijan, TOBACCO, ENUFF, PIPES, ETC. also, Toys, Motions, Etc., Clinton Street, . , HICKMAN. - - - KT. e Soithem Espress Company T70RTVARr MONET and Freight to al JJ pointa in the United States and the Territories: also to all points in Europe. OVERTON, STEELE & CO., oct 12 Agents. Bondurant & Drcwry, Wholesale Grocer, Forwarding " AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS HICKMAX, KT. AGENTS FOR Ohio XXlver Salt Company. L LARGE supply of 84 LT, LIME, and CEMENT, and heavy fiROCEHIES, Sugar, Coffee and Molasses, etc., constantly on hand. Money -Saved is Money Made! IN ORDER to make room for a large 6PRINO AND SUMMER BTOCK, we will sell for the next two weeks our entire stock of DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, JOOTS AND SHOES, HATS, GENTS FURNISHING GOODS, AO, at grertly reduced prices. Call and be con vinced before purchasing elsewhere. J. H. PLACT & B&O. feb26 HICKMAN MARBLE WORKS HICKMAN, ST. . sa-iEaa e . DE-itEE 15 Italian and American" Marble . MONUMENTS, TOMB AND GRAVE STONES. I AVING received a fine lot of American JLJl and Italian Jfarble, I am prepared to fail all orders. Call and examine our work Orders from the country promytly ailed. Li 1 A HICIQIAN; RATES OP ADVERTISING." at One sruare, ten lines or less, one Insertion f 10;. each subsequent insertion OVc 1 Square 2 mon tha, " 8 - 6 . . "12 2 1 - , u 2 . t 5 00 7 00 10 00 15 00 6 00 9 00 12 00 IS 00 25 00 9 00 la oo 18 00 6 . - 12 - 1 - 2 - - 5 : . 6 ' - - 12 M if ..' it it 2ft 00 35 00 15 00 20 00 25 00 Fourth colujon 1 month 3 " - " 8 " 35 00 60 00 40 00 65 00 Half column S months - -4 6 . " 12" ' - 75 00 60 00 SO 00 One column 8 months - i f . - -12 ' - - 140 00 . Annotinxlnsv Candidates For State Officers - - . .919 oo For County - . - . - 8 oo Far Munieioal Officers - - - O 00 Marriagres ctnd Deatlis. Notices of the above character will be in sorted free of eharre. Obituaries and tnb utea of respect inserted at 1 W per square sS- Advertisements in Local Column $1 for four linea or less and 20 cents for each additional line. " g" Voluntary communications, contain er interestmsc news, soncnea irom anj nuarter. News letters from Western Ken tuoky and Tennessee especially desired. PROFESSIONAL. KOBT. T. JOHNSTO.f, J a. WALTEn D. BBKW1, JOHNSTON & DUNBAR, .Attorneys at Law, ASD Real Estate Agents, (stCCKSBORS TO ASDEKSOS & JOHKSTON,) MAYFIELD KbMlUlM. WILL PRACTICE 1 ALLiur.tuinio f Graves county, Ky., and in the Cireu it Court of McCracken, Ballard, Hick man, Fulton, Marshall, and Cslloway coun ties. Also, in the Federal Courts at Padu rah. and the Court of Appeals at Frankfort. Particular and personal attention given to the collection ofclaime, ana omer Dusinr entrusted to our care. febll C. t. HANDLE. 81. A. jtLia HAKTDLB Sl TYLER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW CoUectors, Real Estate Agents niCKMAN, KY. gey Will attend promptly to all business ntrusted them In Southwestern Kentucicy and Northwestern Tennessee. Special attention given to tne investiga tion of Land titlee, and the purchase and sale of Real Estate. jan8tf B. R WALKER, AWorney at law, H ICKM AN, : : Kl. 1 UUiv WILL practice together in iitntur of Southwestern Kentucky County, Quarterly and Justices Courts excepted and in the Courts of West Tennessee. Claims promptly collected ana remmaucea made. JliekMn, Ky. J. S. Hubbard, and Joseph Amberg: LouitvilU, Ay. n. 3. - Co., Wm. F. Bullock; wasmh, & Wilson; rhiLadtipma, v,""f bollfc Co., Molton, Sibley . noouruu.. T. O. GQALDBR, Attorney at Law, AND GENERAL COLLECTING AGENT, niCKM AN, KENTUCKY. WILL promptly attend to all business entrusted to him in Southwestern Ken tucky and West Tennessee. jan8-tf Lauderdale & Pratlis.v Attorneys and Counselors At Larc. HICKMAN, KT. WILL attend promptly to the collection of Claims, to the investigation of Land Titles, purchase and sale of Heal Estate, and the prosecution and defence of suits in Southwestern Kentucky, Northwestern Ter- neeeee, and the adjacent part or Missouri. gjy- Office in Millet's Block. fjan8 tf . OSCAR TURNER. HAS KESCMCD THK PBACXICE OF LAW,1 15 THK COCHTIES OF FULTOX, II ICKM A JV AND GRAVES AND will attend promptly to all business entrusted to his care in said counties, aud also In tho other counties in this Ju dicial District. ' m . ggg- Address either PADUCAH office, or BLAND VILLE," Ky. aug31 tf! Drs. Cortet & Faris.' HAVE ASSOCIATED THEMSELVES in the practice of Medicine, when nec essary their united labors Will be given without extra ehargea. X)r. Faris Proposes to give especial attention to phys ical diagnosis aad is fully prepared to make chemical analysis in diseases and suspected poisons. fST Office at Walker's Drug Store, narchlS DR. J. W. GOURLEY, HICKMAN, KENTUCKY O FFERS his professional services to the eitnens of Hickman, and vicinity. may8-ly. DR. H C CATLET. niCKMAK KEKTUCKT. OfJU Corner Jackson aud Cumberland Streets. Sale and Livery Stable. YITm. B. Plummer, KENTUCKY STREET, TT'EEFS constantly on hand for hire and "lORSES, BUGGIES and HACK8. Thankful for patronage heretofore extend 4 him, b solicits scosetBuaaea cf net. MIC1 MM FULTON COUNTY. KENTUCKY, SATURDAY. APRIL 22, 1871. THE HtCKMAN COURIER, SATURDAY, APR. 22, 1871. Tbe Coming Crops. " From present indications we shall have a bountiful harvest. The promise from all parts of the country are good, the yield will be most productive, and boun teous plenty will be vouchsafed us by a kind Providence. Looking ' across the Atlantio we perceive a contrary state of affairs in many of the countries of Eu rope. The fields of France remain nn tilled, the crops in Germany will be late, Italy and Spain have suffered, and the grain regions of Russia will be unable to supply the increased demand which the ravages of the war in France occasioned. Apart from the slain and the wound ed, whoby . the , late jrar were ruth lessly taken from oat the ranks of peace ful industry never sgaio to be returned to it, we must count the soldiers of the two immense armies of Germany and France, who will find it irksome lor a time to settle down as quiet agricultural ists, artisans, traders, and workmen We experienced in this country a similar state of thinps, but of a milde form, when the conflict closed. This is one of the many penalties of the war,'' and one that will be sorely felt, by the people of France particularly. Germiny also will be short. But the grain fields of the United States will be able to furnish the suffering people of other nations, from present indications. As Illinois journal,' which wants to see John A. Logan, mide President, asks: Has Kentucky no candidate for the "residency?" Kentucky has no candi date for that ofEce, just now, we believe ; but if the people get to electing euch asses as John A. Logan we shall soon have a candidate braying for the position in every jack lot in the State. j For tho Hickman Courier. Preservation or Wood. As the question.bas often been a?ked, What will preserve wood from decay? I would say that there aVa a great many ways, and several patents have been is siipd therefor. With but little exneri- ence extended solely to this subject, but j with somewhat careful reading from high and good authority, I will give the various processes for saving timber; but particularly the bottom timber of our houses. As insects trouble our timber but little, we have no difficulty with them. What we want is protection from wet rot, and dry rot. They are often con fused with one another, but they should be distinguished in the following: Wet rot, is the rotting of unseasoned timber, by what we may call the fermen tation and subsequent putrefaction of ita own sap. Dry rot is a similar result produced by causes extemal to the timber itself, a humid atmosphere and want of ventila tion, being however almost always, if not invariably, attendant causes, from Noah, down to the present time, the pre servation of wood has been a constantly agitated question. There are some plaus for this purpose that are too costly for practice on a small scale, r or instance, the process of Kvanizing, performed by soaking timber in a solution of chloride of mercury. Thi9 is a dangerous jpoison, and the men employed in tbe work be come subject to salivation, apd thus a practical difficulty arose. Another ob jection was its cost, it was too expensive to be used efficiently at a paying price lor the market. Another method was soaking in a so lution of sulphate of copper, the blue vitrol of commerce. This is too costly for small parcels. Burnetizing, another plan is a solution of chloride of xinc. This hardens the wood, but does not protect it from the effects of the atmos phere. Yet, still another process is carried on by using two solutions in succession, sul phate of iron and carbonate of soda, which will form oxide of iron in the pores of the wood. There is a difference in timber in re gard to its durability. Tbe piles of old London bridge, were of elm, and after being driven into the ground under water, for 800 years, those that were removed in the course of erection of the new bridge were as sound as when they were first driven. Here is another process which has ob tained over all others, and has been used in Europe with great success for over twenty years, the cause of decay in wood is simply found iu the different substances of which the wood is composed, its al bumen parts act as yeast to all the others and excite fermentation, which finally ends in the destruction of the entire wood. The great cost and consequent neglect of trying to save our timber has been obvi ated by Dr. Karmrodt, for by it the tim ber can be prepared in the woods, and no machinery is necessary. Muriate of barytes wheu applied to the end of a log of wood, will quickly force itself through all the pores, with out any artificial pressure", driving tbe 8p oat at the other end ; then if a so lution of sulphate of copper is applied, the following chemical , process takes place: By the action f the muriate of barytes, the sulpburio-acid combinations of the wood becomes fixed, the more easily soluble elements disappearing, and results in the formation of the more dif ficult soluble salts of jaaruim. If a so lution of sulphate of copper (blue vitrol) is then applied, a considerable number of combinations is formed, especially sulphate of barytes insoluble iu water and which cannot be washed axcay, while the oxide of copper formerly contained in the sulphate of copper enters into a chemical combination with the other or ganic substances, gray colored spots con taining chloride of cepper, finally ap pear in the wood, proviug the successful termination of the operation. This can be done at any season of tbe year when frost will not affect the free running of the sap. Tha months between April and October being best - for tbe purpose. Hickman, April 1870. E. II. Mariarna, Fla has squashes and to matoes in full bloom, and cotton large trough to "obop" cut. fc-q?TTCU FROM GOV. KIXG. lTHat He Wrote to I.uclen An- v demon. ' ' - - ; p ' iPADUCAH, April 15, 1870. Editor Kentuckian : In your daily of this date I find what purports to be the proceedings -of the Democratic Convention of Trigg county, and n editorial, in relation to myself in reference to a letter written by me some years ago to the Hon. Lucien Anderson, then ; a member of Congress from this district.' ' ' . . . I have been too long engaged in poli tics nd too well versed in the schemes resorted to in a heated political canvass, to ojsuaderstaDd the object and motive of 1058(1 do not mean you) who are oproef to me, in circulating a report j uvi: . 'Hre th e con vcntiooasjeuibles at Frankfort. IHs intended to poison tbe middof the public and cause my defeat, aid to cast a shadow upon my fealty to he democratic party. I entered politi cal life ii 1849 as a whig representative from Unmberlanu, and bo long as that gallant party had an existence, I was true to it in every emergency, and uo man quesiiooed my fidelity. When that par ty ceased to exist, I united with the dem ocratic party, and from I860, to the present time, a period of eleven years, I have been as true to the democratic par ty and its principles, as any man in its ranks. In every contest from a Consta ble to tbe Presidency, I have invariably supported the democratic ticket, not only by my rote, but by my speeches, and in every honorable way have shown my ad herence and devotion to that party; and I challenge an investigation, iu the fullest and broadest extent. And for my ad herence and devotion to that party Bince tbe year 1860, and during the late civil war, I was expelled from the House of Representatives, driven from home; my wife and children expelled from my own domicil; all my personal and real estate taken possession of by others, including my law office, library, accounts, notes, etc., deprived of all my slaves, an excel lent residence, worth 3,000 totally burned aod destroyed, twice drafted, and altogether suffered a heavy pecuniary loss, to say nothing of the mental anxie ty, of myself, wife and children, nor of the humiliating arrest, and transportation under strong guard, as a criminal. And all this trouble, affliction, loss and humiliation grew out of my firm re solve to cast my fortunes with the demo cratic party. I was governed by a con viction of judgment that it was my duty, as a Southern man, desiring tbe welfare of the South, aod to uphold her consti tutional rights, to act with the democrat ic party. I could Lave joined the op posite party, and thus prevented such sacrifices as I have endured, but with iuy then convictions of duty, it woutd have been dishonorable, because insincere. And when the war was raging fiercely, and danger was on every hand, men and women being imprisoned and traospoited, ny ptoffcrty stripped from wue, my .resi dence taken away, my law office and books withheld, no money'on hand, no means of making a living, wife" and chil dren driven from pillar to post, my life threatened, my brother in-law in prison, and suffering from disease, and when this district was ruled with an iron rod, and dismay, terror and alarm, sat upon every countenance, and hope itself had almost faded away, I did write a letter, under the foregoing circumstances, to the Hon. L. Anderson, for relief, who was then in power in this district, and had and ex ercised great influence with his party, not only in this district, but at Washing ton. There was nothing in the letter against democracy, nor in favor of the republican party, but was alone for per sonal relief. . I thought then that the condition of myself and family, demand- ?d humiliation on my part, to be reliev ed from danger and distress: and I did' not hesitate. I did like hundreds and thousands of other good Southern.demo crats, humble myself, for the time being, for self preservation and the comfort of my family. I was then willing, under the untoward circumstances Jhat sur rounded me, to write and do almost any thing, that would have been exacted, to make almost toy sacrifice short of honor for tbe relief aod freedom' from arrests, imprisonment and distress of family. Hundreds aad thousands of sound, reliable democrats, who are trust ed by the party this day, some of whom are now holding office, a!so bumbled themselves in many ways, passed them selves off for Union men, induced Uuioo friends to vouch for them, and many actually voted for Mr. Lincoln, as the poll books show. Had 1 been single, I could have and doubtless would have, avoided the trouble7 and humiliation that befell me; but with wife and children, to support, clothe, educate and protect, I was compelled to humble my pride, and to. adapt myself to the circumstances sur rounding me. Being an Attorney at Law, with no other avocation, I was ex eeedingly anxious to obtain my law offioa and library, to sustain myself and family. I have thus frankly and cordially stat ed my case, and whether nominated or not, I would do the same again, under similar circumstances. If any gentle man doubta my devotion to democracy and its principles, he can withold his support from me; it is bis right. But it looks strange to me, that at this particu lar time, when this district can, for the first time in the history of the State, obtain tbe office of Governor, with all its honors and powers and emoluments, and just Ufare the Convention assembles, this stale and worn out report, should be brought to the surface to defeat this dis trict, and cast the office elsewhere when it is apparent to all why and for what purpose the letter was written. It accom plished its object, and ought to have been buried among the other unpleasant and nnfoitunante transactions of the war. I have no ambition in conflict with the interest and integrity of tbe democratic party, it that party does not feel in clined to give me its support, upon my eleven years of devotion to it, proven by my various speeches, votes and actions. I shall quietly submit and retire. On tbe other hand,- should the nomination be conferred on me, no one would feel more highly honored nor exert himself with more xeal and eratitude, to bus tain the party, the district and the State, tnan . Your obedient servant John Q. A, Kino. TUB COMNOf SCHOOL LAW. A few Word about Its Defects by n. Practical Teacher. To the Editor of the Louisville Ledger: The duty of bringing before the teach ers and people of our State the defects in our common school law, and of sug gesting some remedy for them, has been assigned to me. It is with diffidence I undertake the obligation, especially since so much importance is properly attached to the correct education of the masses of a free people, and since the subject it self is burdened with somany and weighty difficulties. I am induced to make this effort by the well-founded hope that others better able to do the work will enter freely into the discussion. The writer does not wish to be considered a fault finder, a most ungracious position; the framers of the present law did the best they could; the common schools, worked under the law, have accomplish ed nearly as mueh in - proportion tohe revenue as in any other State in the Union; the legislators deserve credit for doing so much. They gave tbe first touches to the ashler, a very difficult work to do well; they certainly do not think tbe law perfect, and are doubtless as anxious as we are to have it improved; nor do I consider myself able to suggest a perfect law, but will venture to express the opinion that there are many defects in the law which may and should be remedied. The common school laws of every State in the Union are liable to nearly the same objec'ions which I will venture to make to our own : First; Tbe law is too complicated. Simplicity of parts and of combination is essential to perfection of action in any machinery. The more complex the ma chine the greater the demand on the re sources of the motor to overcome inertia and friction, as well as the most cotly, and the greater the necessity for skill in the engineer. Second, The law does not require a teacher's skill where it is necessary. Do men call for trained lawyers to treat the diseases of their children ? The present taw provides for a lawyer, a doctor, or a preacher, any one not a teacher, to per form ooe of the most difficult functions of a teacher, vii : To determine a man or woman's capacity as a teacher; bav ing a "fair English education," which in the law is the distinguishing feature of a county commissioner's character, and knowing how to teach, are entirely dif ferent; to possess knowledge in memory and in reason are very different condi tions; to impart either or both of these to the young, or to be able to do so, is as far removed from either as the practice of medicine is from the most perfect knowledge of anatomy. Tbe commis sioner provided for by the law is required to carry this "fair Euglish education" as a lamp to light up the pathway of tbe poor teacher in the school room, and to permit its rays to penetrate the darkened recesses of the tutor's mine in a "teach ers' institute." "If the blind (uncon scious) lead the blind (conscious) both will fall into the ditch." Certainly tbe teacher's skill is demanded in the aLoo! room, yet the law makes no proper pro vision lor gaining this end. Observe, I am not speakiog of our present commis sioners, but of the one provided for in the law. Third. Too many agents are employed in attaining a single end. "Too many cooks spoil the broth." Three trustees, one commissioner, and one teacher, all with clashing interests aod prejudices, tugging in different directions at the same time. There are four times as many officers provided for as are wanted. Fourth. None of the offices provided for have a sufficient income te induce competent men to desire them. This evil cannot be entirely corrected with the present revenue, but can be greatly mitigated. Fifth. The system possesses no unify ing principle. bixtn. Ihe8ystem is wanting in con stitutional checks, by which the variable activities' of the parts may be kept in their respective orbits. ; Seventh. It establishes offices without incomes; then proposes to punisn tne man who fails, nobly attempting to dis cbarge its duties. Eighth. It places certain powers in the hands of trustees, who, as interested parties, however competent, should not be expected to act wisely. Junto. It very wisely provides for an annual association, with well defined euds to be gained ; then unwisely fails to pr6 vide the ways and. means. The same objection applies, with even greater forcet to the provision tor teachers institutes. Tenth. It does not provide employ ment for the teachers for the whole year, as it should do. ' Eleventh. It puts teaching in the mar ket to be bartered for, and to bo sold to the lowest bidder. Objections have been taken to the method of disbursing the school fund. This is a subject which I have not in vestigated. Having written concirely what I deem the defects in our common school system, I expect to suggest a remedy in my next paper; remarking that I will not even hope for corople success, but trusting some good will follow my efforts in this enterprise, and'expecting such interest will be taken by teachers and ethers that our next Legislature may be induced to make aa effort to improve tbe present law.' Teachers, one and all, of common, high, and private schools and college, let us appeal to you to study the wants of our common schools, and make such suggestions as you may think proper, either through the press (certainly every paper in the State is willing to devote a small space to these interests, of such peculiar concern to them) or by private communication to the chairman, or any other member of the committee appoint ed by the Teachers Annual Association, to investigate this subject. The Asso ciation adjourned to meet the second Tuesday in next August. You can pot begin to work too soon. A. Baez is not pleased with Grant's pro position for delay in the San Domingo matter. His cause is urgent. He baa had no pay as President for some time nor has bis family friends bad any for service in subordinate positions. I( the United States is ever going to pay him anything for playing President, be wants it now. ' Radical Ku klax, and other humbug stories, will die out ' now, and remain dead till the fall elections appro ob. NO. 15. Text of tbe Amnesty till! and tbe Tote Thereof", The following is tbe text of the Am nesty bill : A bill for the removal of legal and politi cal disabilities imposed by the third section of the fourteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of tbe United States. Section. 1. Vie it enacted, d-c, two thirds of each House concurring therein, that all legal and political disabilities imposed by tbe third section of the fourteenth artiole of amendment to the Constitution of the United States on per sons therein mentioned, because of their having engaged in insurrection or re bellion against the United States, or given aid or comfort to the armies there of, be and the sanio are hereby removed; provided that this act eball not apply to or in any way affect or remove the disa bility any person included in either of the following classes, viz. : First. Members of the Congress of tbe United States who withdrew therefrom and aided the rebellion. Second. Officers of the army or navy of the United States who, being about tbe age of 21 years, It ft said army or navy and aided tbe rebellion. Third. Members of the State Conven tions which adopted the pretended ordi nances of sesession, who voted for the adoption of such ordinances. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That before any person shall be entitled to the benefit of this act be shall, within the district where he resides, before a clerk of some court of the United States, or a United States Commissioner, take and subscribe an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States, and toiear true faith and allegt auce to the same, which oath or affirma tion shall beforwarded by said officer to the Secretary of State of the United States, who hall cause a list of all per sons compljiog with the provisions of this iact to be laid before Congress at the opening of each session thereof; and the officer before whom such oath or affirma tion is made shall give to the person! taking ita certificate of the fact, under such form aod regulations as tbe Sao-1 retary of State may prescribe. .Democrats in favor of amnesty, 81; opposed, 0; absent or not voting, 15.! liadicals in favor of amnesty, 53: op posed, 46; absent or not voting, 31. j The Real Object ot the liuklux IIII. From the New York Sun.J In a speech at Cincinnati on Wed nesday of last week, Gen. J. D. Cox, who was recently Secretary of the Interior, said that an army of one hundred tbous and soldiers would not be sufficient to put in force the Kuklux bill which has just passed the House of Representatives. general Uox thinks it is impossible to restore peace and quiet at the south by any amount of military force, so long a measures arc agitated in Congress and discussed in the press which are calcula ted to irritate the Southern people and make them discontented aod restless. General Cox misapprehends the real nature of the Kuklux bill. Ita essential design is not to restore peace and quiet at the South, aod to allay discontent and disorder. This is only ao incidental and comparatively unimportant part of the business. The first purpose of suspend iog the civil law in that part of the coun try and 6endiog down soldiers, is to force the Republicans of those States toap point delegates to the approaching National Convention of that party who will be in favor of the renoniioation of Grant. Next, the elections there are to be controlled by military means, so that the electoral votes of these States will be secured for Drant, whatever may be the lsues ot the majority of their citizens ! To carry out these designs, General Cox ! can very well understand that an army of one hundred thousand men will not be required. Probably a force of twenty thousand will suffice. But if the next President should happeu to be cho6en in that way, how will the rest of the coun try like it ? And what will General Cox say and do then ? Reviving; tbe Whipping-Post. Tbe question of reviving tbe wbippiog post as a punishment for a certain class of offenses, is seriously discussed by the Chicago Times, and other influential papers. Revolting as the idea of public whipping is, it is a matter of serious doubt whether it would not have a re straining influence in obstinate cases that will not yield to tbe milder treatment of imprisonment. . Whipping would be peculiarly adapted to the punishment of wile-beaters. Where a man has fallen so low, or Is naturally so brutal, as to habitually maltreat his wife, he is in sensible to the shame of imprisonment, and nothing but the .lash will impress him with a realizing sense of the enor mity orhis offense. It does no good to fine and imprison these creatures, for in nine casea out of ten the wife has to pay tbe fine, thus depriving herself and chil dren of food and raiment to atone for the injuries and indignities heaped upon her by a drunken busband. It would be better to trice up tbe offender in soma Sublic place, and give him a generous ozeo, or three dozen, if necessary, on his naked back. ; Then, at least as long as the stripes remained, the remembrance of the physical pain would have a whole some and restraining influence on tbe natural brutality of bis disposition Humanitarianism is well enough when dealing with men. but savage beasts can only be subdued by the lash. Re-Interment of John C- Cal houn. The remains of John C. Calhonn were exhumed on Saturday morning, and re placed in the vault they were originally repoed. - It will be remembered by a chosen few that, on the night prececding the evacu ation of Morris Island by theCoofedrte forces, the bones of Calhoun were taken from their vault, for obvious reasons, and were laid in St. Pbillippe'a churchyard. to the east of the venerable church. There the remains of our greatest states man have rested in peace 'during these six eventful years. The Rector, assistant Rector and the Vestrymen of St. Phillip's were present at the disinterment, and followed the cot fin as it was borne to the old vault, west of the church. It was indeed a solemn scene. While all else is troubled, and sad, tbe mighty spirit of Cal.boua stalks abroad, aad is at pif. Terms of Snbscription to tho HICKMAN COUKIER. $3 OO PCR YCAR IADr.lKE. Address, Publisher "IIickmah Cocisa," Hickman, Ky. - . . - People andTblna-H. Linseed oil is extensively adulterated with ooMou seed oil. An Iowa luoatie has started a piper called the Weekly Mr. Some of tho Minsisii pi papers are advocating a revival cf the whip j!cg post.: Near Stannton, Va., a horse thief named Hodge bot and mortally wound ed a Mr. Whitlock, who was aiding in his arrest. Over ten thousand copies of the 3Tew York Tribune, it is estimated, are worn in the paniers of Kansas ladies. -Astonishing. In the great chicken dispute at New Orleans, which termicated on Tue-'day, Kentucky won ten battles to Louimna'a four. The new county of Houston, formed from Stewart, Humphreys, aud Di:kou counties, TeoBSsee, lias just beil or ganized and put in working order. Mr. Robertson, of Memphis "ghost jar" notoriety, Is reported to be petting out a book giving a foil history cf the sensation, and including a great many things not heretofore published. Experts say that Georgia and AULatna are richer in iron ore than any Stjte in the Union. Iron which costs S3 per ton for getting out in Pennsylvania can be gotten out in Georgia for 91 00. The Columbus (Miss.) Democrat says that Mr. James M. Dyer, an' old and prominent citizen of Lexingtoo, Miss., was killed a few days since by being thrown from a carriage. Mr. Dyer was once a member-of the State Legislature, and was held in high esteem by the peo ple of Holmes county. The Savannah Advertiser paragraphs the reported birth at the jail, in thutv city, 01 a male child, one-half of whose face, drawing an exact line from the fore head across the bridge of the nose to the chin, is as black as the sforlcd ace cf spades, while, etranee to relate, the other half is just as obstinately, tbe tatural color. The Memphis Avalanche says that tie receipts of the cotton crvp from Septem ber 1st to date sum up nearly 1,000,009 bales more than-received during the cor responding period last season, and point than auy crop but one product! during slave times. The exception was the crop of 1859, which turned out about 4,700, 00D bales. M, At a late special term of the fj'furt of Coinmou Pleas lor Sumter county, South Carolina, there were but three wiii'.e men among the twenty four jurors on e tro pauels two 00 jury No. 1, acd one on jury No 2. To thet?e juries wero given the roost important caees, so Hue of which were so complicated a to embarrass, at times, the bench and the bar. H hat a condition of things! A family of four persons, .residing near tho Plains, iu the upper prt cf tbe ' t 1 ' . 1 IJ I , . x .1 . - . of a disease supposed to be tie iui spotted fever. The symptoms were chii!a aud neuralgic pains, followed by conten tion of the bruin and the appearance vf rash, similar to that indicative of scarlet fever. The unfortunate family wai named uiguu, auu ubu uut receuuy iLutcu id this parish, either from Mississippi or Tennessee. Baton Rouge Advocate, 7 th. The Lake City Press ays: "One of the largest land sinks with which Flori da has been visited occurred within a mile of this city.v It is suppoJfl, by those.who have seeu it, to cover "it lea6t two hundred acres, of ground. About one hundred acres of Mr. Peter Jeroi- gan's elearediaed is now iouodjjried. Tbe most remarkable feature of this new lake for a Take it is is' that it is al ready inhabited bv vast numbers of alii. gators and fish of all kinds, including 'muttonheads.' A visit to the link will repay curiosity." The New.6rleans Times says : "There never were so many drafts from tbe coun try, protested in this city, as there have been fbr the last month. These are drawn upon cotton shipments from plan ters and storekeepers, and are predicated upon rates for cotton which have not been realized. Tbe decline in cotton baa produced a great stringency among com mission merchants, io meeting the ex pectations of the producers and oountry storekeepers, who have been compelled to supply the planters aod their laborers with the means ot subsistence." - , The Atlanta New Era, Governor Bul lock's organ, has drawn from the State Treasury during the past year $49,111 8G. Tho Mcou Telegraph remarks: "In round numbers, then, we may say that, during tbe year 1870 the tax-payers of Georgia contributed 950,000 to keep alive an organ of the party whose only mission and work in this btatu has been tha AntrraAttinn arid hecrvarv af thm " - 1-, - j - - aforesaid tax-psyers. They not only have to submit to the pretence and pub lication of, such a journal, but actually are forced 'to pay for its defamation aod insults to themselves. If this is not roughness we wouid like to know what is." Wendell Phillips says that "nothing short of shooting half a dozen Southern millionaires at the , drumheai will awe the Ku Klux inlp submission." Wen dell is exactly rightabout that, for as there is cot a Southerner within the whole length and breadth of tbe land thatean be termed a "milliot tire," and as all the so called "foutboru million aires" are carpet bsgjrers who came to our country beggars, and hat stolen all they have, we have no doal: bnt that their execution would have a very molli fying effect on the Ku Klux. Warmouth, of Looi-iiana, and Scots, of f'outh Caro lina, will be good raeu to begin on. Aberdeen Examiner. The rctnrn of spring time, with its sweet Sowers, is moving the noble hearts of Southern women to the periormacoe of the sad duty they owe to the memory of the gallant heroes who dit 1 io defease of their country. Everywhere through .out the Sunny South they aie preparing to strew flowers upon theif graves, the emblems of nation's leva' aod grstitudo for its fallen braves. Tnia s a cuotcn that should be ever hoocrt J. Rcf c-ct and love exhibited for the virtues of dead, bespeak tbe virtues of tho lit'ic. When a people" forget their t ol;'e!e4 those who f ell iu defense ( f iVenl'-niV sacred cauae, they sr.redj tVov?'1' V become slaves. Atlant- intellifW?