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Round About the State
What Is Going
INVASION DY MILITARY ILLEGAL,
Declared Dlue Grata Judge In Charge
to Grand Jury.
Paris, Ky. In a sens-Ulonal charge
to tho grand Jury, Judgo Hobert I..
Hlout declined that while no depre
dations had been commit led In Hour
bon cotitily by night riders, a detach
mnnt of atato guards had Invaded Its
peaceful connnca and Intimidated and
tcrrnrlred a young farmer, arid de
manded at their hand that the mat
ter bo probed to tho bottom.
No asked by whoso authority sol
diers had been brought Into tho coun
ty, and aald that ttnlcsa rlrcult courts
and grand Juries took cognlianco of
military marauders, Kentucklnns
would bo deprived of their liberties
and bayonet rulo bo established.
Ho likened tho situation to that of
Ilussla, and declared mat tho Inva
sion of tho mllltnry was unauthorized,
Illegal and unwarranted.
To Woman Who Wat Injured On Her
First Railroad Trip.
Frankfort, Ky. Whlla taking her
first rldo on a railroad train Mrs
Mary 1-orton, of Hurnildes, Pulaski
county, was Injured by n window of
tho coach failing and mashing hor
hand, She secured $325 damages
from the Cincinnati, New Orleans &
Texas Pacific ltallroad Co, In a Judg
ment In tho Pulaski elrcult court.
Thla Judgment was afllrmed by tho
court of appeals. Tho court In ren
dering tho decision says: "It Is tho
duty of railroad companies to keep
and maintain their pauengcr coach
es, Including the windows nnd doors,
In a good condition for the safety,
convenience and comfort of tta pas
acngers A falluro to do so makes
t hem liable for damages."
Should Learn to Support Husbands,
IjOultvUlo, Ky, Women who wan'
to develop careers, according to l)r
John V McGarvey, president of Illble
College, Transylvania university,
should learn to support husbands
Tho Lexington professor In a bacca
laureate oration to tho graduates of
the University of LoutsWHe, at War
ren Memorial church, said that as
tlmo passed woman was topping
man's business and worldly piano,
and that tho tlmo had come for her
to become a bread winner for toe
Lexington, Ky. Tho strike of tho
miners of the Imperial Coal Co. In
llreathltt county ended after being In
forco ten days. Ono hundred and
wago scale. Tho mon struck because
i iiu mines iiirnisn iuvi ior several
noicn uuucaior to neure,
Lexington, Ky Prof. John II. No
vum A M 1.1. II wtl nni rni r.n
years a teacher In public Institutions,
announced that ho had put aside the
liarncss and would retire from 0the
classroom. Hu has made application
for a pension from tho Carneglo fund.
Two Residences Burned.
residences of Mrs. Annlo Clarkson and
Mrs. Lucy Young. Tho loss Is about
JtOOO, with llttlo Insurance, Doth
houses wero Just across tho lino In
tho county nnd tho (Ire department
could not give any nsslstanoo.
Capt. Gross At Death's Door.
C'overport, Ky. CapL Jack Orois Is
critically til at his homo at Holt, and
his death Is momentarily dxpectnd.
Mr Dross was I'nltcd States marshal
during Cleveland's administration In
1SSI, and w-aa adjutant general under
Strike Declared Off.
Madlsonvllle, Ky. Tho strlko of
union miners which his been nn In
Hopkins, Webster, Union nnd Chris
tian counties since January 1 was de
clared off In a statement given out
Lexington, Ky. At tho meeting of
tho Lexington Chapter. Daughters of
tho Confederacy, Mrs. C. D. Chenault
will submit a proposition to petition
(ho leglslaturo to doclare Juno 3, tho
anniversary of tho birth of Jefferson
Davis, an niinunl holiday In Kentucky.
I. C. Cuts Time.
Paducah, Ky Tho machinists, holl
er makers and blacksmiths of Ihu
Illinois Central shops wero cut to four
days a week to curtail expenses. Tho
car department la not affooted.
Killed At Ball Game.
Mayflcld, Ky. Lloyd Sbelton, IS,
was killed at a ball gamn by being hit
In tho breast with a ball thrown wild
from second to first base. Ho was a
spectator and hod Just arrived at tho
faine. Ho died In Ilvo nilnutos.
j riin nia mvai,
Glen Hays, Ky. Defeated by John
Smith, 18, In a contost for tho affeo-
, Hons of a young woman, .loo Sam
i mon, 17, killed his rival with a bullut
and throw tho body from a moving
On in Different ...
KILLED BY DRAWNY WIFE
Was Affinity of the Breathitt County
Lexington, Ky. Tho cnido Justlco
of tho mountains, which, bus made no
torious tho name of llreathltt oounty.
has dealt with men and their feud,
not with husbands nnd their amnltles
until now. Here la how It oporates
on this noclat canker;
Thomas Murrlll recently bocamo on
amorod of Mary Terry. Mrs. Murrlll
Is .15, muscular and Intrepid a be
comes tho wlfo of a mountaineer. 8ho
waa onco pretty, -too, as comely a tho
plump Mary Torry, with her 19 yean.
tho last two of which havo been spent
In college In Islington, Hut toll nnd
maternity have made the wlfo less at
tractive, and Murrlll tired of her.
Tho deserted wlfo saw hor husband
aa ho went to visit hli affinity. Bho
took her bus (bund's rifle, saw that It
was well loaded, and hurried to tho
Terry homo. Sho walked In on Mur
rlll and Miss Terry, shot tho girl three
times, killing her, nnd without appear
Ing perturbed went home. Murrlll, ex
pecting to get shot hlmsolf, Jumucd
through a window nnd fled.
Meeting of Kentucky Historical So
ciety and Promised Co-Operation.
Frankfort, Ky. For tho first tlmo
slnco his Inauguration Gov. Wlllaon
nttended tho seml-annuui meeting of
(ho Kentucky State Historical society,
of which ho Is ex-ofllclo president.
Tho feature of the day was a abort
address which ho made, In which he
expressed sympnthy with tho work ac
complished and promised to do all
that ho can toward Increasing the
welfaro of tho society.
It was decided at this last meeting,
following a recommendation of Ilev,
William Crowe, to appoint a special
ccmmlttco to take up tho matter if
securing portraits, pictures, memo
rials, tablets, etc., of Kentucky pio
neers who distinguished themselves
In their various professions, to be
placed In tho noddy's new quartern In
tho new capltol building.
King of "Shiners" Converted.
Frankfort, Ky. Howard Collins, ol
Clay county, tho "King" of tho East
ern Kentucky moonshiners, placed In
the Franklin county Jail several we.eks
ago, haa been converted by the Salvia
lion Army. Howard Is a fearless
mountaineer, and haa the reputation
of being one of tho heat shots In
ICastern Kentucky. Ho hns several
men to his credit, but says that when
he gets frco of the chargo now pend'
Ing ho will return to (he mountains
and spend tho remainder of his days
preaching tho gospel.
Negro In Fear of Lynching.
Catlcttsburg, Ky Stub Scott, col
orel. Is keeping closely In touch with
the police. In fear of a lynching. Ho
w.i n&saultod by a brothor of Ida
Davis, tho llttlo girl whoso story
caused a mob to pursuo him and Jim
Darnell, while, till tho pollco Inter
fered. Tho girl alleges tho men tried
to assault her on tho outskirts of tho
city. Judgo McConncll sent Darneil
to jail, but for want of evidence tho
negro was dismissed.
Will Be Tried In October.
Jackson, Ky. Hoach Harglr case
was continued to tho October term
because. In tho Republican primary
election of Juno 20 tho circuit Judgo
and commonwealth's attbrney will
each bo candidates. No ball will be
asked for Hargls and ho will remain
In Jail during tho summer.
William Smith Paroled.
Frankfort. Ky. William T. Smith,
sent to tho penitentiary horo In Sep
tember of 1S92, from Powoll county,
on tho chargo of manslaughter, haa
been paroled by tho prison commis
sion. Ho served 10 years, and his tlmo
would havo been out In October.
District Conference In Session.
Slaughtorsvlllo, Ky. Tho Henderson
district coufereuco of tho M. E. church,
South, convened horo, Elder S. J.
Thompson, presiding, with over fifty
dolegntes present. Many prominent
ministers nnd luymen aro in attend
ance. Thomas Speaks At Russellvllle.
Rusuollvlllo, Ky. It. Y. Thomai
made a speech hero In tho Interest of
his candidacy for tho democratic nomi
nation for congross In tho Third dis
trict. Mr. Thomas arralgnod Gov.
Willson for hla use of the mtlltln.
Lexington, Ky. The Jury In tho
ltoger Splcer case, at Jackson, Ky,,
returned a verdict of not guilty. Spl
cer wns charged with the murder ol
J unics Johnston.
Hopklnsvllle, Ky. After deliberat
ing about two hours, tho Jury In tho
caso of tho Commonwealth again Dr.
W. W. Durham, a promlnont ihyal
clun, chargod with being a night rider,
returned a vordlot of not guilty,
Bio Dlaze At Louisville.
Louisville, Ky. In tho midst of Its
preparations to niovo from tho city,
tho American. Seeding Jluchlno Co.
suffered a ?GO,000 loss by lire. Many
llrojucn wero hurt In tho blato. Tho
plant Was fully insured.
STIRRED TO ANGER
PROTECTIONISTS DENOUNCE TAR
Action Shows What Little Idea the
Trusts and Protected Interests
Have of Allowing Any Re-
' vision After Elect'lon.
Tho protectionists who manufacture
knitted goods, such ns hosiery nnd
underwear, nnd who benefit so largo
ly by tho tariff preventing foreign
competition, havo sovoroly denounced
President Iloosovolt for tho tariff
agreement with Germany. This tariff
agreement with Germany nllows tho
Gorman manufacturers to rcduco tho
valuation of tho goods thoy export to
tho United States to tho nctual cost
In Germany, which Is below whnt tho
United Statos government appraisers
would assess tho goods for, and thus
tho official valuo being decreased the
ad valorem rato of duty Is nlso de
creased. Ilcforo this agreement was
madn with Gcrmnny tho protection'
lsts, who controlled tho appraisal do
partmcnt of tho custom houso In New
York, Increased tho valuo of Import
cd goods beyond their real value In
tho country from which thoy wero
exported, nnd thus actually Increased
tho duties paid. Tho o fleet of the
now agreement Is to allow tho values
shown In tbo consular Invoices which
havo boon certified by tho German
chambors of commcrco, nnd other
commercial bodies, to stand as tho ap
praised valuo on which ad valorem
duty Is paid.
Resolutions woro adopted by tho
National Association of Hosiery
Manufacturers at their lato meeting
at Philadelphia, which declared:
"Whereas, Tho United States gov
crnmcnt hns entered Into a tariff trade
agreement with tho Gorman empire
which embodies Important customs
administrative concessions and Im
portant amendments to tho customs
"Resolved, That tho National As
soclatlon of Hosiery Manufacturers, In
annual convention assembled, earn
estly protests against tho provisions
of the German tariff ngrccracnt now
extended to other countries of Europe
as contrary to law, contrary to the
policy of protection. Injurious to
American labor, unfair to tho honost
Importer, demoralizing to tho cus
toms servlro and In effect a material
and Indiscriminate reduction In tho
tariff, which should bo mado only
after hearings havo been granted and
then only ty tho legislative branch of
tno government; nnd
"Resolved, That tho National Asso
ciation of Hosiery Manufacturers
thank tho congress of tho United
States for not adopting tho recom
mcndatlons of tho administration as
to tho amendments In our customs
Thla denunciation of President
Roosevelt fur making this agreement
with Germany "contrary to law" and
contrary to tho policy of protection
Indicates what strenuous opposition
all tho trusts and protected Interests
will put forth to prevent tariff ro
vision after election,"
Tho thanks to congress "for not
adopting tho recommendations of tho
administration as to tho amendments
In our cuutoms laws" shows how the
atandpat Republican leaders In con'
Kress saved tho day for tho trusts.
Tiro cotton nehedulo Is only ono of
tho many In tho tariff law that forces
up prices, but overy other schedule Is
equally proto:tlvo to tho trusts, and
monopolists that havo found shelter
under tho so-called protective system.
Tho whole power of tho organized
trusts nnd tint tariff protected monop
olists will bo found aiding tho re-elec
tion of Republican congressmen, who
will promlso to again standpnt after
election. Perpetuating tho tariff pro
tection allows theso manufacturers to
collect their Bharo of tho tariff, which
Is a much higher tax on what tho peo-
plo buy than Is paid In tho aggregate
for tariff tnxoi to tho government,
tor whereas but comparatively few
goods nro Imported upon which tho
tariff taxes nro collected, nil tho prod
ucts of tho trusts nro likewise In
creased In prlco In conscqtionco of
tho tariff preventing competition, so
that It comes to this, It you aro rich
and can buy the finer nnd moro cost
ly Imported goods, you pay tho tariff
tax to tho government, whllo It you
aro poor and obliged to buy tho
products of our protected trusts, you
pay tho tariff lax Indirectly to the
protected manufacturers In larger
It tho next congrrati Is Republican
tho samo old staudpat crowd will
control, nnd although there may bo a
shifty promlKo In tho Republican plat
form for tariff revision "after elec
tion" how far, or how deep, tho re
vision will go will novor bo actually
stated. In fact, tho Republican lead
ers from Secretary Root down to tho
standpat congressmen havo decided
and announced that tlwa plan Is to
rovlso tbo tariff higher by adding
maximum rates on the goods Imported
from Gennany, Franco and other
countries that Imposo i high tariff
on Imports from the United States,
Tho present ratea to bo tho minimum
tariff on Imports from England. Hoi
land and other low-tariff countries.
Under such a maximum nnd mini
mum tariff, tho trusts would havo
more shelter than they now do, and no
reduction In trust prices could bo
looked for. Tho protectionists when
thoy tell tho truth, as tho hoslory
manufacturers have done, show that
no tariff reform is intondod, but rath
er n continuation ot tho standpat pol
icy that Is now plundering us for tno
bcneilt of tho tariff protectod manu
facturer, and supporting tho Repub
lican party with campaign contribu
tions us tho wlce for standing pat.
18 A DANGEROUS DOCTRINE.
President's Action Practically Pule
Military Above Civil Power.
Tho presldont of tho United Stntcs
holds his placo nnd oxcrclses his nu
thorlty by vlrtuo of Artlclo 2 of tho
Constitution ot tho United Statos. In
which It provides that ho shall bo
commnnder-ln chlcf of the nrmy nnd
navy, and ot tho slnto militia, when
called Into tho actual scrvlco of the
United States; but that congress shall
have power to mako rules for tho
regulation ot tho Iu;d and naval
Congress has enacted a military
code known as tho Articles of War;
and theso articles provide that no offl
cor shall bo punished without a trial
beforo a court-martial. Tho Articles
of War aro Just as binding upon tho
commandcr-ln-chlof of tho army as
they aro upon subordinate officers,
For any officer to violate any of them,
Is to becomo subject to trial and pun
Ishmcnt. O'Drlen says In his woiX
"In all that rolatcs to raising tho
array, to Its strength, to Its organic
Uon, to Its criminal code, congress Is
omnipotent, tho presldont powerless,
"Tho command of the president Is,
Indeed, absoluto within Its sphcro, but
Its sphoro Is bounded on all sides by
law. Tho momont tho oxecutlvo over
steps tho boundaries prescribed, ho
becomes powerless, and his com
mands aro of no forco.
"As the executive has no legislative
power, It Is plain that the regulations
Issued by him to the army aro not
law. And, as ho Is as much bound
by law as any other citizen, It follows
that If any of them conflict with law,
thoy aro so far null and void."
Mr. Porter, In his work on tho samo
subject, says: "Wo havo In our milt
tary law no system of disciplinary
All tho authorities on tho subject
are to tho samo effect Yet tho presl
dent has punished Col. Stewart of the
coast artillery without any sort of
trial, and when complaint was made
by Senator Rayner of Maryland the
president answered that "the punish
mcnt ot Col. Stewart was wholly Incl
dental" to tho good ot the army, and
was, therefore. Justifiable. His posl
tlon Is that tbo end Justifies the
means, law or no law. This Is a dan
gerous doctrine. He also says
"Whllo a court-martial would undoubt
edly award some punishment. It
would fall far short of what was really
needed." And again he says: "Thoro
Is no point in having a court-martial.
At present I do not seo how a court of
inquiry could bo ot use. ... I do
not understand your allusion to a Joint
resolution by congress. Such meas
ures as tboao taken in this case are
purely within tho scopo ot tho presi
dent's duties and authority."
Senator Rayner, in a recent speech,
brought out all these points and In
commenting thereon raised tho most
Important question ot law that has
ever confronted congress or tho peo
Plo of tho United States. "Is the
presldont, as commander-in-chief ot
tho army governed by law?" If ho is
not, tho republic Is at an end. For In
that case, tho military Is placed abovo
the civil power and the constitution Is
Perhaps tho dominant Issue In tho
coming campaign will bo tho centrali
zation of political power In this coun
try, emphasized by the dlsputo be
tween the president and congress over
tho absolutism claimed by tho presl
dent over tho military and naval
forces. Tho supremacy ot the mill
tary over the civil power would mean
In Itself tho establishment ot a cen
tral despotism. Tho letters of the
president to Senators Smith, Stowart,
Rayner and Taliaferro, In all of which
ho makes tho astounding claim that
ho Is supremo over the army, and Is
thereby rendered independent of acts
ot congress relating to military af
fairs, will play a great part in the
It Gov. Johnson should be tho Demo
cratic candidate, and Taft, Roosevelt,
or any other advocate of Roosovelt's
politics (or policies), the Republican
candldato, tho Issue would be square
ly drawn, and the people would have
tho opportunity to decide, onco for all,
whether the constitution is obsoles
cent or is still possessed ot its old-
Our peoplo do not often recur to
first principles In these days. Too
many feel that a mess of pottage to
satisfy present hungor Is better than
a great estate In expectancy, and are
too ready to bartor away their birth
right to freedom and local self-government
for a sura ot money from the
federal treasury. Ono ot the leading
newspapers ot the country makes noto
ot this disposition among tbo gov
ernors of states recently assembled
at Washington. It says:
"A thousand Influences aro at work
to obliterate states' rights to one that
operates tho other way. Tho propa
ganda ot centralization docs not have
Its heart In Washington. It is in the
peoplo themselves, who nro demand
ing this or that reform and are fall.
Ing to got it from their states. A
state gladly surrenders its authority
over lands, or streams, or water pow.
or, or othor property, for tho sake of
getting nn appropriation from con
gress for a public improvement. The
eagerness with which California ac
cepts federal aid in dealing with the
bubonic plaguo situation Illustrates
how easily material benefit overrides
abstract Ideas ot states' rights. The
readiness of such a stalwart states
rights man as Gov. Gleun ot North
Carolina to permit tho government to
take chargo ot tho Appalachian forest
In bis own and other states, Is another
exaiuplo ot tho demoralizing effect ol
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