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"So Maud didn't have any candles on her birthday cake?" "No. I guess she thinks her birth days are no longer to be made light of. S. O. HUSETH GREAT FALLS, MONTAKA Optometrist and Optician CLASSIFIED TEACHEKS NEEDED RLBEBT TEACHERS AGENCY, Spokane, We need more teachers. Write ua. PURE EXTRACTED HONEY COZY NOOK HONEY. A delicious, health i ful, concentrated pure food; extra choice, 60 lbs., $6.75; 120 lbs. for $12.00; 10 lb. pall prepaid, $2.00. Satisfaction guaranteed. Cozy Nook Apiaries, Blackfoot, Idaho. FRUIT FROM THE ORCHARD STRAWBERRIES—Direct from the grower to you. We pay the transportation and f :uarantee satisfaction. Write for prices on rnlts and produce in season. Golden Melon Farm, Greenacres, Wash. BING CHERRIES, Strawberries, direct from grower. Send card for price list. Cherrylane Orchards, Greenacres, Wash. CHOICE PRUNES — Sample 16 cents. O. W. Bean, 595 Center St., Salem. Ore, KODAK DEVELOPING, PRINTING DEVELOpiNGnPRINTINGTENLARGING Let George do it. Box 286, Butte, Mont. t LIVESTOCK MILES CITY HORSE SALES OPENING sale Monday June 16 and every four weeks during season. Ernest E. Fuelling, Manager, Musselshell, Mont. Bay your Holstein Ball front Montana's largest and greatest dairy institution. Get type, size and production. Ringling Dairy Ranch, White Sulphur Springs, Montana. 1 SEEDS, POULTRY FOODS, SUPPLIES BABY CHiX, 10 varieties. Seeds, Poultry Write for price list. Dorsh & Greenfield Co.. Butte. foods. Supplies. POULTRY, PET STOCK BABY CHICKS—Send for new special price circular. Scott's "Utility-Beauty" . White Leghorn chicks, $15.00 per 100 and up. J. R. Scott Poultry Farm, Helena. Montana. REDUCED CHICK PRICES PER 100 — Leghorns $13; Rocks, Reds, Anconas $16; Orpingtons, Wyandottes, Minorca, $17. Guaranteed, prepaid. Clayton Rust, Agri cultural College, N. D. POULTRY WANTED WH ABB IN THE MARKET every day for live chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. Highest market prices paid according to quality on day of arrival. Montana Meat «nd Commission Co., Butte, Mont. INVESTMENTS FOR SALE—TEN Shares, Powell Power Co. stock. $300. Box 103, Musselshell, Montana. FARM WANTED CASH BUYERS want Montana farms. De scribe fully and state price. K. A Mc Nown, 318 Wilkinson Bldg., Omaha, Neb. FARM LANDS FOR SALE 160 ACRES dairy ranch, 125 Inches de creed water; 85 acres cultivated; pasture, timber. $65 acre. River water on place. J. S. Harper, Darlington, Idaho. DO YOU WANT A HOME iu a rich val ley near Spokgne on three transcontin ental railroads? Where soil is good, rain fall ample, summers cool, winters moder ate, the kind of stump land that pays to clear, where a farmer with $1,500 can hope to succeed; timothy and clover green eight months in the year; natural dairy coun try ; laud cheap. 10 yearly payments at 6 per cent. Humnlrd Lumber Company, Box 17, Sandpolnt, Idaho. WHY BUY High-priced land when you can get fertile cut-over land, easy to clear, of Spokane, on paved highway near Great Northern and Milwaukee railways. Fine chance to start dairying or stockraising In country with delightful all-year-round cli mate; ample rainfall and flue school and church and community advantages, will help you if you will live on the laud and agree to clear part of It each year: will give you lumber for building, will fur nish pure-bred bulls for groups of farmers and make easy payment and interest rates. Write for full particulars, Milan Farms Development Company, 1326 Old National Bldg., Dept. G, Spokane, Wash. CUT-OVER AND DEVELOPED LANDS— 15 to 25 miles N. E. Spokane; on paved highways; extra good soil; spring brooks; grows grain, vegetables, hay, fruits; several developed ranches; few stock ranches with adjoining free range; $10 to $20 per acre; 10 years time; 6 per cent Interest; free lumber. Write owners for tree book. Ed wards & Bradford Lumber Co., Elk, Wash ington. We LAND FOR RENT OR SALE In various sections of Montana. Write Wells-Dickey Company, First National Bank Building, Great Falls, Montana._ MINNESOTA offers opportunities to farm ers. Send for free map and literature. O. H. Smith, Commissioner of Immigration, Dept. 714, State Capitol, St. Paul, Minn. PERSONAL MARRY ; hundreds wealthy. Largest, most reliable club. Quickest results; write, be convinced. Confidential, descriptions Free. Mrs. Bndd, Box 753, San Francisco, Calif, MARRY IF LONELY: "Home Maker"; reliable; g ears experience; descriptions free. "The nccessful Club." Box 656. Oakland, Calif. hundreds rich; confidential; ST. MARY'S BT. MARY'S HOME at Great ->'alls, Mont for infants and small children (boys up to fourteen years of age) ; young ladies and elderly ladles. Write for full Information to Mother Superior. 726 5th Are.. North. REBUILT TYPEWRITERS ALL LMAKES; splendid bargains, prompt delivery. Our rebuilt machines give sat isfaction. T. J. Hocking, State Distributor, Roy»l and Corona Typewriters, Glasgow, Montana. FURS REPAIRED, RE-LINED FURS REPAIRED, Re-llned, Cleaned and made over. Satisfaction guaranteed. Hoenck's Fnr House. Butte. Montana. ASSAYERS, CHEMISTS, ETC. ■RwTS^&^WATKEÎtr^ssayersr^hèmîsts^ 108 No. Wyoming. Bntte, Mont. Box 114. FOR SALE—MISCELLANEOUS FARMERS INCOME TAX RECORD Yon are required by law to keep an in come tax record If yon pay taxes at all.. Are yon doing so? If not, begin today. The Income tax law Is here to stay. The SIMPLEX SYSTEM Is the simplest ac count book In the world to keep accurately and without outside assistance. It has the recommendation of all Bankers. Auditors Agsoclatlon of America, Delco, Burroughs •nd thousands at others. We publish the •nly system made for farmers. The Glas gow Courier, distributers, Glasgow. Mont. WHITLOCK PRESS FOR SALE—85x47 2 revolution. Good Job Machine, will take 4 pages 6 column newspaper. Now running In our plant. Price f.o.b. Great Falls $750.00.—Montana Printing Co. M. N. A _WK—6-2-24* HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER IN STATE POTENTIALLY MONTANA HAS 7,749,000 HORSE POWER; NATION 27,943,000 Fourteen Power Companies Have Developed 308,000 Horse Power; Is Big Factor in Industrial Ex pansion of the State. The total potential water power of the 48 states of the Union is 27,943,000 horse power, amount 2,749,000 horse power is in the state of Montana—an amount exceeded only by the states of Washington, California, and Oregon. In other words, practical ly one-tenth of the nation's water power resources is located within the borders of the Treasure state. Here rise the two greatest rivers or tills in the United States—the Missouri, which originates on the eastern, and the Columbia, which flows from the western slope of the Rocky moun tains. During their flow through the state, the Missouri falls approximate ly 7,000 feet before it crosses the eastern boundary and the Clark's fork of the Columbia, from the head waters of its tributary streams, falls 4,000 feet before crossing the state line on the west. "These great rivers, fed by innu merable tributaries, offer practically limitless opportunities for the eco nomical development of hydro-elec tric power. Adn history shows that such development has more than kept pace with the growth of population and the demands of a state that is as yet industrially young. From 1912 to 1924, the population of Montana increased approximately 50 per cent. During the same period water power development In the state increased fiom 98,000 to 308,000 horsepower, an increase of over 200 per cent. Fourteen Companies "This total of 308,000 horsepower has been developed and is now' being distributed by 14 private companies, operating in the central and western parts of the state. Although the Mon tana Power company is the largest of these operators, having in fact de veloped all but 10,000 horsepower of the above total, it by no means con stitutes a monopoly of the potential water powers of the state. Its total holdings, including 298,000 devel oped, and 135,000 undeveloped, make a grand total of 433,000 horsepower. Deducting this from the state's total water power capacity of 2,749,000 horse power, there still remains 2, 316,000 horse power available to other takers. In other words, there is 84 per cent of the state's potential water power, over which this com pany exercises no control whatever, mand for power in appreciable quan Montana was and is still largely a stock raising, lumbering and agri cultural community, with little de mand for power in appreciable quan tities. There was, however, one peg upon which the early hydro-electric pioneers hung their hope of success. The great mining camp of Butte and the smelters of Anaconda and Great Falls were using large quantities of power generated by steam, was a potential market worth cap turing. And when the Montana Power company originally offered to replace 75,000 horse power per year, generated from steam at a cost of $126 per horse power, with 75,000 horse power of hydro-electric energy supplied at a cost of $35 to $60, the result was a foregone conclusion. Contracts were executed, installa Here to this the mining companies of Mon tana have used electricity exclusive iy. Industrial Montana "Later on came the application of hydro-electric power to transporta tion. The Butte, Anaconda & Pacific was the first road in America to sub stitute electricity for steam locomo tives in handling heavy railway traf fic. So pronounced was its success that the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul followed its example with the result that today Montana, with its 530 miles of trunk line installation, leads the nation in electrified steam railroads. Gradually other infant industries were born and grew to robust stature very largely because of the availa bility of cheap hydro-electric power. Street railways, cement and flour, mills, creameries and ice-making plants and hundreds of smaller es tablishments requiring electrical en ergy and located in 70 cities and towns of the state are now served by this company. Hydro-electric power has made Industrial Montana a little world of its own which employs more than 20,000 factory bands and an nually takes over $120,000,000 of materials and turns them into pro ducts worth more than $160,000,000. Conserving Resources Hydro-electric power is also help ing to conserve two of the other great resources of the state—coal and oil. The Montana Power company's year ly output of current is the equivalent of more than 2,000,000 tons of coal a year, or 5,500 tons every 24 hours. This is more than 60 per cent of all the coal mined in Montana each year. As for the economy and cheapness of hydro-electric service in compari son with coal or oil, no more start ling proof can be afforded than the spectacle of every coal mine in Mon tana conducting Its operations solely by electric energy purchased from the Montana Power company at reg ular published rates because this is actually cheaper than to use steam generated by coal from its own mine. Aids Irrigation What of the relation of water power development to irrigation? Some years ago the waters of the upper Madison were Impounded by means of a dam erected at great ex pense by private capital. Obviously this construction was authorized be cause the Montana Power company wished to make available during the possible seasons of drought a vast reservoir which could be drawn upon, as necessity arose, for the water re quired to operate its plants on the Madison and the Missouri. Such a need came in 1919, when extremely low water made it necessary not only to tap this reservoir but to drain it practically dry in order to keep the plants running and the industries of the state in operation. Incidentally, however,-this»reserve supply turned out to be a godsend to hundreds of farmers along the stream, who were enabled to divert these impounded waters to the ditches of their irrigated farms. which otherwise would have had to report crop failures. Thus In a very practical way an identity of interest was demonstrated between hydro electric power development and ir rlgated farming. . Another feature of interest to the farmer is the use of hydro-electric energy to lift the water onto the land where irrigation by gravity ditches is impossible or Impracticable. During the last 10 years Montana has devel oped a system of irrigation by elec trlcally driven pumps, of which there are now more than 250 in use in this state, ranging in size from 5 to 3,600 and capable of irrigating 37,000 acres of land. Of the several irrigating pumping districts, the old est and best known is the Prickly Pear irrigation project near Helena, where farmers purchase water pump ed to their lands at the low contract price of $1.75 per acre foot. At Plains is another project comprising 2,700 acres to which the water is pumped electrically from wells, the cost being around $2 per acre foot, Montana has more than 2,250,000 acres of land susceptible to Irriga tion. If the experience of California, Utah and other western states is to be repeated here, where we have an abundance of electric power avail able at a low price, irrigation by electrically operated pumping plants will undoubtedly outstrip the de velopment of irrigation by gravity ditches in the very near future. And here again will be demonstrated a further community of interest be tween the agricultural and the hydro electric enterprises of the state. Customer Ownership Not only are the consumers of electricity rapidly multiplying in number, but these same consumers are becoming stockholders in electric light and power companies in ever increasing number. During 1923 alone, half a million consumers of light and power bought two hundred million dollars' worth of stock in the companies supplying them with elec tric energy. This nation-wide trend toward cus tomer ownership has been duplicated in the case of the Montana Power many its customers in all parts of the state are sharing in its quarterly disbursal of dividends and are actively inter ested in its future. Leads in Per Capita Consumption The civilization that has been reared upon coal and petroleum, cop per and iron, will be maintained by the progressive development of this power of the waters. The Industrial organization that seeks out and mines the coal and iron, that drills into the earth for veins of copper ore or pools of petroleum will be recreant to its own and the public interest if it neglects the development of water powers. Such development is almost exclusively the field of America's public utilities. And not the least among these is the Montana Power company, which supplies 45,000 Mon tana consumers with dependable ser vice at what the "Electrical World" claims is "the lowest average price in the country," placing Montana at the very head of the 48 states of the Union in the per capita consumption of electricity and having an average annual output of more than 1,000, 000,000 hours, in conse quence of which it is rated as one of the largest hydro-electric enter prises in the United States. New York—Theodore Morse, com poser of "Hail, Hail the Gang's All Here," and other popular songs, is dead. Raleigh, N.C.—Seven persons were killed in a headon collision between two passengér trains on the Seaboard Air Line railroad at Cary, seven miles from Raleigh. Pocatello, Ida.—Mrs. Isaac Kovene and her three sons, aged 4, 6 and 8, were burned to death when the Ko vene home at Georgetown near Mont pelier, was destroyed by fire. Sacramento, Cal.—Injecting large amounts of poison into their veins, Dr. Karatsu, a Japanese physician, and Shizuo Miwa, his woman house keeper, died in a suicide pact here. Chicago—Mrs. Beulah Annan, 23, declared by the police to be Chicago's prettiest woman slayer, was found not guilty of the murder of Harry Kalstedt. Los Angeles—Mary C. Tenney of Los Angeles, has filed suit for $200, 000 damages against Jack Kearns, manager for Jack Dempsey, world's champion, alleging criminal assault. Washington — The federal law mak possession of intoxicating liquor in the Indian country a criminal of fense was not repealed by the na tional prohibition amendment, the supreme court holds. Ellsworth, Me—Roland McDonald, 16-year-old pupil in a country school at Amherst, has confessed that he killed Louise B. Gerrish, a youthful teacher at the school, on a lonely road. Washington—Butter holding 16 per cent or more of moisture is not "adulterated" under the act of May 9, 1902, the supreme court holds, and is not subject to a tax of 10 cents a pound, unless an abnormal quantity of water is added. Fort Myers, Fla.—"Bubbers" Wil son and Wilton Williams, negroes of about 20 years old. met death at the j hands of mobs here following identi fication as the negroes who attacked two white girls near here. I Tampa—Purchase by Henry Ford of a tract of more than 8,000 acres in Henry county, centering around j Labelle, the county seat, is believed J by civic leaders to presage the early I development of a large rubber grow- j Ing industry in Florida. \ Cir|| | |\Tn riA\Tr\|?II\TP I III I IjlJX I I |[\J I IW Jw| [\j \ v vVlU/ldllllU U A T) T) RflVF CTADIEC Ij/l IVIV £/ 1 1 - SAYS MAGAZINE WRITER PUR POSELY KEPT AWAY PROM PR » AITa s ^ Invc ' PROSPEROUS SECTIONS - Made Hurried Trip Through Dry Land and Passed Up Dis . triof . \vh«r« Pr n «nArit r Where Prosperity Is the Rule. - By j erem i a j, CoiUns The series of articles in the Sat urday Evening Post by Garet Garrett, covering the agricultural situation in certain northwestern states, including Montana, attract od wide attention, and, as I be heve, have done rank injustice to this state. His journeyings and observations seem to have been restricted to a ; portion of northern Montana which he has been pleased to call the "triangle." A perusal of these art ides would leave the impression on the ordinary reader that this good state is in a condition of hopeless bankruptcy and due for an Immediate refereeship. The illustrations as well' as the letter press would warrant such a conclusion, it i 8 not intended in this connec tion to attempt to controvert in a specific way the position taken or the conclusions reached by this corres pondent, but only to point out the In justice of characterizing in this way a state as big as Montana because of his glimpses and observations in a limited area which he has designated as the triangle, the Icous of which is not clearly defined, Prosperous Beaverhead A recent visit to Dillon, the metro polis of southwestern Montana, has brought forcibly to wind the point suggested that the state should not he generally libeled because of an adverse situation in one corner of it. Dillon was found to be a prosperous, progressive, wholesome city. As the center of a great livestock district, it was naturally affected by the disaster of 1919-20, but the recovery has been phenomenal, and the stockmen and ranchers are going forward In the even tenor of their way, making good and paying their debts and rejoicing in the prospect that the former full measure of prosperity is near at hand. Dillon has had no bank fail ures and the considerable needs of the livestock industry at certain pe riods for financial assistance have been met, and any strain that exist ed has now been relieved. The mer chants report business satisfactory, and an air of prosperity is all-per vading. Coming Back Strong This is primarily livestock terri tory. It Is one of the best watered j sections of the state, and the irri gated area runs into hundreds of thousands of acres. Hay is the prin cipal crop, and it is marketed in the form of fat beef, mutton and lamb. If there is a surplus of timothy or al falfa, it is drawn on bu Butte and other mining centers. Wheat, oats and other cereals are also produced. The impression one gets from a visit to this section is that while the drought of 1919 and the severe win ter following left its heavy Impress, this Is now but a recollection of the passing years, and there are topics of conversation other than the price of hay in the spring of 1920, and the jolt received by the livestock in dus try. Beaverhead county is somewhat Banish Engine Trouble! GTHE most powerful gaso line on the market is made from CAT CREEK crude, of which we are producers, re finers and marketers. The lubricants obtained in our modern refineries from this high grade Montana crude are especially adapted for use in this rugged mountain country. We specialize in a correct oil for every type of engine. r it SLi I j j! 0S& *Ê§É!l!Jkjs r I Mutual Oix Cqmpänv PRODUCERS—REFINERS—MARKETERS OF MONTANA CRUSE typical of the mountain region throughout the state, and I was led t o wonder how Mr Garrett's articles would have shaped up if he had a different viewpoint. Let us Imagine jiis transportation was over the Union Pacific railroad instead of the Great Northern, and that he left his train at Monlda, to pursue his subse quent way by motor or train, as should be most convenient; that he "took in" the nearby Centennial val ley, then followed Red Rock creek or the Park to Park road to Dillon; made side-trips through the wonder ful Beaverhead and Blg Hole va i le ys and to the Basln that bears the j at . ter name. Then, let us Imagine he passed on to the valleys of the Jef ferson and Madison and their trlbu taries, following these waters until b e landed at Bozeman, in the center 0 f the Incomparable Gallatin valley, Then it is easy motoring to Butte, Anaconda, Deer Lodge, Missoula! Hamilton,' Kalispell and other cities, with irrigated valleys on every hand and evidence in view of the great mineral, forest and water power re sources of the state, What He Missed This is just a flying: trip, hitting the high-spots, through a big por tion of the state where Irrigation is in large measure the basis of agri culture. Even then, he has missed the new corn belt In eastern and southeastern Montana, which as an infant industry has a record of 10, 0(V),000 bushels annually; the Red Lodge country, Billings and the Huntley project; Shields River val ley, Smith river, Missouri river val ley, Prickly Pear valley, Great Falls and the north slope of the Belt and High wood mountains; Sun River project, as well as the empire known as the Judith Basin. If chance had directed the magazine writer over the indicated portion of the state, in stead of the part he visited, how dif ferent his articles might have been? The more enlightening viewpoint would at least have obviated whole sale libel—condemnation of the en tire state because of what he saw in a segment of It. Then, having an inquiring turn of mind, he could have picked up from official sources the information that during the year 1923 Montana produced in new agri cultural wealth in excess of $170, 000,000, a statement it would have been hard to harmonize with his triangle story. Missoula—A total of 78 fires have denuded nearly 22,000 acres of forest land in western Montana. < I Berlin Horses are apparently not fast enough for Berlin sporting cir cles. Therefore, as an extra thrill, an enterprising manager has an nounced that 40 ostriches with their jockeys, mostly Italians, are coming here for ostrich races and handicap events with horses. Independence, Kan.—Harley Etter, young farmer charged with the mur der of his 18-year-old wife and baby girl, whose . charred bodies were found in a burning barn on the Etter farm, has pleaded guilty and was given a life sentence. 0 Jackson, Miss—Advices received here from Brookhaven, Miss., by Red Cross workers stated that eight per sons were reported killed and 12 in jured by a tornado which virtually wiped out the settlement of Johnson Station, 12 miles from Brookhaven. Chicago—Chicago has a bobbed haired bandit. Blonde and apparent ly about 17 years old, she giggles as she says "stick 'em' up," according to Carl Gepford, taxi driver, who sur rendered his taxi, and $27, to the girl and two male companions. poser and orchestra leader, is dead, New York—Victor Herbert, com THE MISSES I Prepares American Girls for Citizenship and for Foreign Travel. American His tory. Literature, Art, Government. Special courses in Modern Languages, Secretarial Work. Interior Decorating. D. C., Washington, 1700 Rhode Island Ave., Northwest STONE'S SCHOOL MANUFACTURERS Original Coggshall Saddle; bits, spurs, blankets. harness; Justin cowboy boots; Stetson hats... Illus trated catalog free. Miles City Saddlery Co., Miles City, Montana. SADDLES y HE Northwestern Mutual Life Is SURANCE Co„ of MILWAUKEE, Wte. "The Policyholders' Company." Relia ble agents wanted. For information writ* SAM D. OOZA. Gen. ArL. HELENA Mont. A LHAMBRA HOT SPRINGS Waters very helpful for Rheumat ism. Kidney and Stomach trouble«. Room and board, $20 a week. Writ« for particular». M. J. Sul 11 ran, Alhambra Ilot Springs, Montana. OTEL AIN BOW H R CREAT FALLS Rate» $1.50 Dp Fireproof MONTANA'S DISTINCTIVE HOSTELRY P OULTRY WANTED We »re in the market every day for lire chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. Highest market prices paid, ing to quality on day of arrival. Meat and Commission Co.. Butte, Montana. accord Montana WM. B. FINLAY, C. P. A. PUBLIC TAX CONSULTANT First National Bank Ballding GREAT FALLS ACCOUNTANT MONTANA TWO Grazing Tracts Bordering Lolo National Forest 25,000 ACRES and 10,000 ACRES AT 3 PER ACRE Splendid grass, water, brouse and shade. Has a southern slope giving early pasture. Railroad spur touches the land. Terms: 10 per cent down, balance divided Into 10 yearly payments. BLACKFOOT LAND DEVELOPMENT CO. Drawer 1590, Missonis, Mont.