Keep It Dark
"So Maud didn't have any candles
on her birthday cake?"
"No. I guess she thinks her birth
days are no longer to be made light
S. O. HUSETH
GREAT FALLS, MONTAKA
Optometrist and Optician
RLBEBT TEACHERS AGENCY, Spokane,
We need more teachers. Write ua.
PURE EXTRACTED HONEY
COZY NOOK HONEY. A delicious, health
ful, concentrated pure food; extra choice,
60 lbs., $6.75; 120 lbs. for $12.00; 10 lb. pall
prepaid, $2.00. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Cozy Nook Apiaries, Blackfoot, Idaho.
FRUIT FROM THE ORCHARD
STRAWBERRIES—Direct from the grower
to you. We pay the transportation and
f :uarantee satisfaction. Write for prices on
rnlts and produce in season.
Golden Melon Farm, Greenacres, Wash.
BING CHERRIES, Strawberries, direct
from grower. Send card for price list.
Cherrylane Orchards, Greenacres, Wash.
CHOICE PRUNES — Sample 16 cents.
O. W. Bean, 595 Center St., Salem. Ore,
KODAK DEVELOPING, PRINTING
Let George do it. Box 286, Butte, Mont.
MILES CITY HORSE SALES OPENING
sale Monday June 16 and every four
weeks during season. Ernest E. Fuelling,
Manager, Musselshell, Mont.
Bay your Holstein Ball front Montana's
largest and greatest dairy institution.
Get type, size and production. Ringling
Dairy Ranch, White Sulphur Springs,
SEEDS, POULTRY FOODS, SUPPLIES
BABY CHiX, 10 varieties. Seeds, Poultry
Write for price list.
Dorsh & Greenfield Co.. Butte.
POULTRY, PET STOCK
BABY CHICKS—Send for new special
price circular. Scott's "Utility-Beauty"
. White Leghorn chicks, $15.00 per 100 and
up. J. R. Scott Poultry Farm, Helena.
REDUCED CHICK PRICES PER 100 —
Leghorns $13; Rocks, Reds, Anconas $16;
Orpingtons, Wyandottes, Minorca, $17.
Guaranteed, prepaid. Clayton Rust, Agri
cultural College, N. D.
WH ABB IN THE MARKET every day for
live chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese.
Highest market prices paid according to
quality on day of arrival. Montana Meat
«nd Commission Co., Butte, Mont.
FOR SALE—TEN Shares, Powell Power
Co. stock. $300. Box 103, Musselshell,
CASH BUYERS want Montana farms. De
scribe fully and state price. K. A Mc
Nown, 318 Wilkinson Bldg., Omaha, Neb.
FARM LANDS FOR SALE
160 ACRES dairy ranch, 125 Inches de
creed water; 85 acres cultivated; pasture,
timber. $65 acre. River water on place.
J. S. Harper, Darlington, Idaho.
DO YOU WANT A HOME iu a rich val
ley near Spokgne on three transcontin
ental railroads? Where soil is good, rain
fall ample, summers cool, winters moder
ate, the kind of stump land that pays to
clear, where a farmer with $1,500 can hope
to succeed; timothy and clover green eight
months in the year; natural dairy coun
try ; laud cheap. 10 yearly payments at
6 per cent. Humnlrd Lumber Company,
Box 17, Sandpolnt, Idaho.
WHY BUY High-priced land when you can
get fertile cut-over land, easy to clear,
of Spokane, on paved highway near Great
Northern and Milwaukee railways. Fine
chance to start dairying or stockraising In
country with delightful all-year-round cli
mate; ample rainfall and flue school and
church and community advantages,
will help you if you will live on the laud
and agree to clear part of It each year:
will give you lumber for building, will fur
nish pure-bred bulls for groups of farmers
and make easy payment and interest rates.
Write for full particulars, Milan Farms
Development Company, 1326 Old National
Bldg., Dept. G, Spokane, Wash.
CUT-OVER AND DEVELOPED LANDS—
15 to 25 miles N. E. Spokane; on paved
highways; extra good soil; spring brooks;
grows grain, vegetables, hay, fruits; several
developed ranches; few stock ranches with
adjoining free range; $10 to $20 per acre;
10 years time; 6 per cent Interest; free
lumber. Write owners for tree book. Ed
wards & Bradford Lumber Co., Elk, Wash
LAND FOR RENT OR SALE In various
sections of Montana. Write Wells-Dickey
Company, First National Bank Building,
Great Falls, Montana._
MINNESOTA offers opportunities to farm
ers. Send for free map and literature. O.
H. Smith, Commissioner of Immigration,
Dept. 714, State Capitol, St. Paul, Minn.
MARRY ; hundreds wealthy. Largest, most
reliable club. Quickest results; write, be
convinced. Confidential, descriptions Free.
Mrs. Bndd, Box 753, San Francisco, Calif,
MARRY IF LONELY: "Home Maker";
g ears experience; descriptions free. "The
nccessful Club." Box 656. Oakland, Calif.
hundreds rich; confidential;
BT. MARY'S HOME at Great ->'alls, Mont
for infants and small children (boys up
to fourteen years of age) ; young ladies and
elderly ladles. Write for full Information
to Mother Superior. 726 5th Are.. North.
ALL LMAKES; splendid bargains, prompt
delivery. Our rebuilt machines give sat
isfaction. T. J. Hocking, State Distributor,
Roy»l and Corona Typewriters, Glasgow,
FURS REPAIRED, RE-LINED
FURS REPAIRED, Re-llned, Cleaned and
made over. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Hoenck's Fnr House. Butte. Montana.
ASSAYERS, CHEMISTS, ETC.
108 No. Wyoming. Bntte, Mont. Box 114.
FARMERS INCOME TAX RECORD
Yon are required by law to keep an in
come tax record If yon pay taxes at all..
Are yon doing so? If not, begin today.
The Income tax law Is here to stay. The
SIMPLEX SYSTEM Is the simplest ac
count book In the world to keep accurately
and without outside assistance. It has the
recommendation of all Bankers. Auditors
Agsoclatlon of America, Delco, Burroughs
•nd thousands at others. We publish the
•nly system made for farmers. The Glas
gow Courier, distributers, Glasgow. Mont.
WHITLOCK PRESS FOR SALE—85x47
2 revolution. Good Job Machine, will
take 4 pages 6 column newspaper. Now
running In our plant. Price f.o.b. Great
Falls $750.00.—Montana Printing Co.
M. N. A _WK—6-2-24*
POWER IN STATE
POTENTIALLY MONTANA HAS
7,749,000 HORSE POWER;
Fourteen Power Companies Have
Developed 308,000 Horse Power;
Is Big Factor in Industrial Ex
pansion of the State.
The total potential water power
of the 48 states of the Union is
27,943,000 horse power,
amount 2,749,000 horse power is
in the state of Montana—an
amount exceeded only by the states
of Washington, California, and
Oregon. In other words, practical
ly one-tenth of the nation's water
power resources is located within
the borders of the Treasure state.
Here rise the two greatest rivers
in the United States—the Missouri,
which originates on the eastern, and
the Columbia, which flows from the
western slope of the Rocky moun
tains. During their flow through the
state, the Missouri falls approximate
ly 7,000 feet before it crosses the
eastern boundary and the Clark's
fork of the Columbia, from the head
waters of its tributary streams, falls
4,000 feet before crossing the state
line on the west.
"These great rivers, fed by innu
merable tributaries, offer practically
limitless opportunities for the eco
nomical development of hydro-elec
tric power. Adn history shows that
such development has more than kept
pace with the growth of population
and the demands of a state that is as
yet industrially young. From 1912
to 1924, the population of Montana
increased approximately 50 per cent.
During the same period water power
development In the state increased
fiom 98,000 to 308,000 horsepower,
an increase of over 200 per cent.
"This total of 308,000 horsepower
has been developed and is now' being
distributed by 14 private companies,
operating in the central and western
parts of the state. Although the Mon
tana Power company is the largest of
these operators, having in fact de
veloped all but 10,000 horsepower of
the above total, it by no means con
stitutes a monopoly of the potential
water powers of the state. Its total
holdings, including 298,000 devel
oped, and 135,000 undeveloped, make
a grand total of 433,000 horsepower.
Deducting this from the state's total
water power capacity of 2,749,000
horse power, there still remains 2,
316,000 horse power available to
other takers. In other words, there
is 84 per cent of the state's potential
water power, over which this com
pany exercises no control whatever,
mand for power in appreciable quan
Montana was and is still largely
a stock raising, lumbering and agri
cultural community, with little de
mand for power in appreciable quan
tities. There was, however, one peg
upon which the early hydro-electric
pioneers hung their hope of success.
The great mining camp of Butte and
the smelters of Anaconda and Great
Falls were using large quantities of
power generated by steam,
was a potential market worth cap
turing. And when the Montana
Power company originally offered to
replace 75,000 horse power per year,
generated from steam at a cost of
$126 per horse power, with 75,000
horse power of hydro-electric energy
supplied at a cost of $35 to $60, the
result was a foregone conclusion.
Contracts were executed, installa
to this the mining companies of Mon
tana have used electricity exclusive
"Later on came the application of
hydro-electric power to transporta
tion. The Butte, Anaconda & Pacific
was the first road in America to sub
stitute electricity for steam locomo
tives in handling heavy railway traf
fic. So pronounced was its success
that the Chicago, Milwaukee & St.
Paul followed its example with the
result that today Montana, with its
530 miles of trunk line installation,
leads the nation in electrified steam
Gradually other infant industries
were born and grew to robust stature
very largely because of the availa
bility of cheap hydro-electric power.
Street railways, cement and flour,
mills, creameries and ice-making
plants and hundreds of smaller es
tablishments requiring electrical en
ergy and located in 70 cities and
towns of the state are now served by
this company. Hydro-electric power
has made Industrial Montana a little
world of its own which employs more
than 20,000 factory bands and an
nually takes over $120,000,000 of
materials and turns them into pro
ducts worth more than $160,000,000.
Hydro-electric power is also help
ing to conserve two of the other great
resources of the state—coal and oil.
The Montana Power company's year
ly output of current is the equivalent
of more than 2,000,000 tons of coal
a year, or 5,500 tons every 24 hours.
This is more than 60 per cent of all
the coal mined in Montana each
As for the economy and cheapness
of hydro-electric service in compari
son with coal or oil, no more start
ling proof can be afforded than the
spectacle of every coal mine in Mon
tana conducting Its operations solely
by electric energy purchased from
the Montana Power company at reg
ular published rates because this is
actually cheaper than to use steam
generated by coal from its own mine.
What of the relation of water
power development to irrigation?
Some years ago the waters of the
upper Madison were Impounded by
means of a dam erected at great ex
pense by private capital. Obviously
this construction was authorized be
cause the Montana Power company
wished to make available during the
possible seasons of drought a vast
reservoir which could be drawn upon,
as necessity arose, for the water re
quired to operate its plants on the
Madison and the Missouri. Such a
need came in 1919, when extremely
low water made it necessary not only
to tap this reservoir but to drain it
practically dry in order to keep the
plants running and the industries of
the state in operation.
supply turned out to be a godsend
to hundreds of farmers along the
stream, who were enabled to divert
these impounded waters to the
ditches of their irrigated farms.
which otherwise would have had to
report crop failures. Thus In a very
practical way an identity of interest
was demonstrated between hydro
electric power development and ir
rlgated farming. .
Another feature of interest to the
farmer is the use of hydro-electric
energy to lift the water onto the land
where irrigation by gravity ditches is
impossible or Impracticable. During
the last 10 years Montana has devel
oped a system of irrigation by elec
trlcally driven pumps, of which there
are now more than 250 in use in this
state, ranging in size from 5 to 3,600
and capable of irrigating
37,000 acres of land. Of the several
irrigating pumping districts, the old
est and best known is the Prickly
Pear irrigation project near Helena,
where farmers purchase water pump
ed to their lands at the low contract
price of $1.75 per acre foot. At
Plains is another project comprising
2,700 acres to which the water is
pumped electrically from wells, the
cost being around $2 per acre foot,
Montana has more than 2,250,000
acres of land susceptible to Irriga
tion. If the experience of California,
Utah and other western states is to
be repeated here, where we have an
abundance of electric power avail
able at a low price, irrigation by
electrically operated pumping plants
will undoubtedly outstrip the de
velopment of irrigation by gravity
ditches in the very near future. And
here again will be demonstrated a
further community of interest be
tween the agricultural and the hydro
electric enterprises of the state.
Not only are the consumers of
electricity rapidly multiplying in
number, but these same consumers
are becoming stockholders in electric
light and power companies in ever
increasing number. During 1923
alone, half a million consumers of
light and power bought two hundred
million dollars' worth of stock in the
companies supplying them with elec
This nation-wide trend toward cus
tomer ownership has been duplicated
in the case of the Montana Power
its customers in all parts of the state
are sharing in its quarterly disbursal
of dividends and are actively inter
ested in its future.
Leads in Per Capita Consumption
The civilization that has been
reared upon coal and petroleum, cop
per and iron, will be maintained by
the progressive development of this
power of the waters. The Industrial
organization that seeks out and
mines the coal and iron, that drills
into the earth for veins of copper ore
or pools of petroleum will be recreant
to its own and the public interest if
it neglects the development of water
powers. Such development is almost
exclusively the field of America's
public utilities. And not the least
among these is the Montana Power
company, which supplies 45,000 Mon
tana consumers with dependable ser
vice at what the "Electrical World"
claims is "the lowest average price in
the country," placing Montana at the
very head of the 48 states of the
Union in the per capita consumption
of electricity and having an average
annual output of more than 1,000,
000,000 hours, in conse
quence of which it is rated as one
of the largest hydro-electric enter
prises in the United States.
New York—Theodore Morse, com
poser of "Hail, Hail the Gang's All
Here," and other popular songs, is
Raleigh, N.C.—Seven persons were
killed in a headon collision between
two passengér trains on the Seaboard
Air Line railroad at Cary, seven miles
Pocatello, Ida.—Mrs. Isaac Kovene
and her three sons, aged 4, 6 and 8,
were burned to death when the Ko
vene home at Georgetown near Mont
pelier, was destroyed by fire.
Sacramento, Cal.—Injecting large
amounts of poison into their veins,
Dr. Karatsu, a Japanese physician,
and Shizuo Miwa, his woman house
keeper, died in a suicide pact here.
Chicago—Mrs. Beulah Annan, 23,
declared by the police to be Chicago's
prettiest woman slayer, was found
not guilty of the murder of Harry
Los Angeles—Mary C. Tenney of
Los Angeles, has filed suit for $200,
000 damages against Jack Kearns,
manager for Jack Dempsey, world's
champion, alleging criminal assault.
Washington — The federal law
mak possession of intoxicating liquor
in the Indian country a criminal of
fense was not repealed by the na
tional prohibition amendment, the
supreme court holds.
Ellsworth, Me—Roland McDonald,
16-year-old pupil in a country school
at Amherst, has confessed that he
killed Louise B. Gerrish, a youthful
teacher at the school, on a lonely
Washington—Butter holding 16
per cent or more of moisture is not
"adulterated" under the act of May
9, 1902, the supreme court holds, and
is not subject to a tax of 10 cents a
pound, unless an abnormal quantity
of water is added.
Fort Myers, Fla.—"Bubbers" Wil
son and Wilton Williams, negroes of
about 20 years old. met death at the j
hands of mobs here following identi
fication as the negroes who attacked
two white girls near here. I
Tampa—Purchase by Henry Ford
of a tract of more than 8,000 acres
in Henry county, centering around j
Labelle, the county seat, is believed J
by civic leaders to presage the early I
development of a large rubber grow- j
Ing industry in Florida. \
Cir|| | |\Tn riA\Tr\|?II\TP
I III I IjlJX I I |[\J I IW Jw| [\j \
U A T) T) RflVF CTADIEC
Ij/l IVIV £/ 1 1
SAYS MAGAZINE WRITER PUR
POSELY KEPT AWAY PROM
PR » AITa s ^ Invc '
Made Hurried Trip Through Dry
Land and Passed Up Dis .
triof . \vh«r« Pr n «nArit r
Where Prosperity Is the
By j erem i a j, CoiUns
The series of articles in the Sat
urday Evening Post by Garet
Garrett, covering the agricultural
situation in certain northwestern
states, including Montana, attract
od wide attention, and, as I be
heve, have done rank injustice to
His journeyings and observations
seem to have been restricted to a ;
portion of northern Montana which
he has been pleased to call the
"triangle." A perusal of these art
ides would leave the impression on
the ordinary reader that this good
state is in a condition of hopeless
bankruptcy and due for an Immediate
refereeship. The illustrations as well'
as the letter press would warrant
such a conclusion,
it i 8 not intended in this connec
tion to attempt to controvert in a
specific way the position taken or the
conclusions reached by this corres
pondent, but only to point out the In
justice of characterizing in this way
a state as big as Montana because of
his glimpses and observations in a
limited area which he has designated
as the triangle, the Icous of which
is not clearly defined,
A recent visit to Dillon, the metro
polis of southwestern Montana, has
brought forcibly to wind the point
suggested that the state should not
he generally libeled because of an
adverse situation in one corner of it.
Dillon was found to be a prosperous,
progressive, wholesome city. As the
center of a great livestock district, it
was naturally affected by the disaster
of 1919-20, but the recovery has been
phenomenal, and the stockmen and
ranchers are going forward In the
even tenor of their way, making good
and paying their debts and rejoicing
in the prospect that the former full
measure of prosperity is near at
hand. Dillon has had no bank fail
ures and the considerable needs of
the livestock industry at certain pe
riods for financial assistance have
been met, and any strain that exist
ed has now been relieved. The mer
chants report business satisfactory,
and an air of prosperity is all-per
Coming Back Strong
This is primarily livestock terri
tory. It Is one of the best watered
j sections of the state, and the irri
gated area runs into hundreds of
thousands of acres. Hay is the prin
cipal crop, and it is marketed in the
form of fat beef, mutton and lamb. If
there is a surplus of timothy or al
falfa, it is drawn on bu Butte and
other mining centers. Wheat, oats
and other cereals are also produced.
The impression one gets from a visit
to this section is that while the
drought of 1919 and the severe win
ter following left its heavy Impress,
this Is now but a recollection of the
passing years, and there are topics
of conversation other than the price
of hay in the spring of 1920, and the
jolt received by the livestock in dus
Beaverhead county is somewhat
Banish Engine Trouble!
GTHE most powerful gaso
line on the market is made
from CAT CREEK crude, of
which we are producers, re
finers and marketers.
The lubricants obtained in
our modern refineries from
this high grade Montana crude
are especially adapted for use
in this rugged mountain
We specialize in a correct
oil for every type of engine.
Mutual Oix Cqmpänv
OF MONTANA CRUSE
typical of the mountain region
throughout the state, and I was led
t o wonder how Mr Garrett's articles
would have shaped up if he had a
different viewpoint. Let us Imagine
jiis transportation was over the
Union Pacific railroad instead of the
Great Northern, and that he left his
train at Monlda, to pursue his subse
quent way by motor or train, as
should be most convenient; that he
"took in" the nearby Centennial val
ley, then followed Red Rock creek
or the Park to Park road to Dillon;
made side-trips through the wonder
ful Beaverhead and Blg Hole va i le ys
and to the Basln that bears the j at .
ter name. Then, let us Imagine he
passed on to the valleys of the Jef
ferson and Madison and their trlbu
taries, following these waters until
b e landed at Bozeman, in the center
0 f the Incomparable Gallatin valley,
Then it is easy motoring to Butte,
Anaconda, Deer Lodge, Missoula!
Hamilton,' Kalispell and other cities,
with irrigated valleys on every hand
and evidence in view of the great
mineral, forest and water power re
sources of the state,
What He Missed
This is just a flying: trip, hitting
the high-spots, through a big por
tion of the state where Irrigation is
in large measure the basis of agri
culture. Even then, he has missed
the new corn belt In eastern and
southeastern Montana, which as an
infant industry has a record of 10,
0(V),000 bushels annually; the Red
Lodge country, Billings and the
Huntley project; Shields River val
ley, Smith river, Missouri river val
ley, Prickly Pear valley, Great Falls
and the north slope of the Belt and
High wood mountains; Sun River
project, as well as the empire known
as the Judith Basin. If chance had
directed the magazine writer over
the indicated portion of the state, in
stead of the part he visited, how dif
ferent his articles might have been?
The more enlightening viewpoint
would at least have obviated whole
sale libel—condemnation of the en
tire state because of what he saw in
a segment of It. Then, having an
inquiring turn of mind, he could
have picked up from official sources
the information that during the year
1923 Montana produced in new agri
cultural wealth in excess of $170,
000,000, a statement it would have
been hard to harmonize with his
Missoula—A total of 78 fires have
denuded nearly 22,000 acres of forest
land in western Montana.
Horses are apparently not
fast enough for Berlin sporting cir
cles. Therefore, as an extra thrill,
an enterprising manager has an
nounced that 40 ostriches with their
jockeys, mostly Italians, are coming
here for ostrich races and handicap
events with horses.
Independence, Kan.—Harley Etter,
young farmer charged with the mur
der of his 18-year-old wife and baby
girl, whose . charred bodies were
found in a burning barn on the Etter
farm, has pleaded guilty and was
given a life sentence.
Jackson, Miss—Advices received
here from Brookhaven, Miss., by Red
Cross workers stated that eight per
sons were reported killed and 12 in
jured by a tornado which virtually
wiped out the settlement of Johnson
Station, 12 miles from Brookhaven.
Chicago—Chicago has a bobbed
haired bandit. Blonde and apparent
ly about 17 years old, she giggles as
she says "stick 'em' up," according
to Carl Gepford, taxi driver, who sur
rendered his taxi, and $27, to the girl
and two male companions.
poser and orchestra leader, is dead,
New York—Victor Herbert, com
I Prepares American Girls for Citizenship
and for Foreign Travel. American His
tory. Literature, Art, Government. Special
courses in Modern Languages, Secretarial
Work. Interior Decorating.
D. C., Washington, 1700 Rhode Island Ave.,
Saddle; bits, spurs,
Justin cowboy boots; Stetson hats... Illus
trated catalog free. Miles City Saddlery
Co., Miles City, Montana.
y HE Northwestern Mutual Life Is
SURANCE Co„ of MILWAUKEE, Wte.
"The Policyholders' Company." Relia
ble agents wanted. For information writ*
SAM D. OOZA. Gen. ArL. HELENA Mont.
LHAMBRA HOT SPRINGS
Waters very helpful for Rheumat
ism. Kidney and Stomach trouble«.
Room and board, $20 a week. Writ«
for particular». M. J. Sul 11 ran, Alhambra
Ilot Springs, Montana.
Rate» $1.50 Dp
MONTANA'S DISTINCTIVE HOSTELRY
P OULTRY WANTED
We »re in the market every day for
lire chickens, turkeys, ducks and
geese. Highest market prices paid,
ing to quality on day of arrival.
Meat and Commission Co.. Butte, Montana.
WM. B. FINLAY, C. P. A.
First National Bank Ballding
25,000 ACRES and
10,000 ACRES AT
Splendid grass, water,
brouse and shade. Has
a southern slope giving
early pasture. Railroad
spur touches the land.
Terms: 10 per cent
down, balance divided
Into 10 yearly payments.
Drawer 1590, Missonis, Mont.
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