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THE OHANCE GROVES.
tional BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THEIR MANAGEMENT IN FLORIDA. "Budding" the Wild Orange Trees—firuw* llg from the Seed— Cultivât ion of the Spares Between the Tree*—tint tiering and Parking the Fruit. Fourteen years ago there were hardly a dozen-bearing orange trees in Florida: now the cultivation of "the most, delicious fruit ton ! ; he with i sight, mute: his feet lay. him, ure Mr. get which nature yields" is the leading indus- , try in that state. It is a great mistake to j «uppose that oranges are grown in every j l'he part -of Florida. Only the south-central j uu hint and part is available for the purpose indicated but the industry will yet bear expansion to dimensions now undreamed of. The do mestic and foreign demand increases con stantly. Wild forest laud has lieen made wonder fully productive of good oranges. In what way? All the trees but the wild orange trees were cleared away, and'these were cut down and budded. To describe in de 'tail the manner in which these productive •groves were started: In the forest grew many kinds of hard wood trees, mixed with the natural wild orange. The forest trees excepting these were cut dow n aud i>. taken away, and their roots and all small , m plants cleared, so that abundant sunlight j sr feel lege and air could get to the wild orange trees. These were then cut down to about three feet from the ground, and their top cov ered with wax. to prevent the remaining timber from* splitting. In the space of three or four weeks buds started to grow out of tlie mutilated trunks. Two healthy ones on each side were saved and their growth carefully observed until the shoots j were about half an inch in diameter. 'At | this time one was selected in preference to i the other, which was killed, and there was inserted within the chosen shoot a sweet bud. The trunk was then carefully trimmed down to where the saved and grafted shoot was growing from. BUDDING FROM WELL KNOWN FRUIT. There are people who fancy that select ing the best seeds of choice oranges, plant: ing them in a nursery tied, and removing the young trees to tlie grove when they are about 'i or :t years old, is better than bud ding. The preferable « ay always is to bud from well known fruit. Every grove, how ever originated, has its nursery, and there are besides nurseries throughout, the orange-growing section of Florida, in which experiments are made with the seed of choice frnit imported from China and Europe. ■ Best seeds are planted in the seed-bed. After growing live or six months there the young trees are removed to the nursery bed, where they are about a foot apart in in rows three feet apart. As their growth necessitates, in the course of time they are Bet out two feet from each other, preserv ing, however, the same rows. When a year old the bud is inserted, insuring the nature and quality of tlie fruit to be in time gathered from the trees. 1L was originally supposed that all orange trees when set out should be placed In a particular kind of soil. This idea lias been exploded by practical tests which demonstrate the feasibility of growing them in every variety of soil, other condi tions being equal. The spaces between tlie trees are dealt with variously. There are growers who take a horse and ordinary cultivator, and keep the soil stirred up by constant culti vation, thus destroying the weed sand keep Ing the land clear. Others plant cow peas between the trees, which in three or four weeks cover the ground, and serve by their growth to protect the roots of the trees from excessive heat of the sun and to let tn air. In the fall the cow peas are plowed in and serve to enrich the soil. UATHEItlM) AND PACKING THE FRUIT. Orange trees not budded do not bear un til they are ut least 10 years old, but those budded in two or three years from the time of budding. They improve in pro ductiveness with age, and their fruit im proves in quality with the lapse of time, paving thinner rind and fewer seeds. When trees get in good bearing they will run from 1,000 to 3,500 oranges each. Unlike European producers. Florida growers do not gather the fruit until it is ripe or nearly so. In Spain or Italy it is cut while green. The height of the Flor ida season Is the middle of February. 4)rauges are ripe and fit for market in November, but are iu their prime in Jan uary and February. Tlie greatest care is taken iu cutting the fruit. His ladder having been plaeed against the tree the plucker ascends it, provided with elipping scissors attached to a sort of cup. He re moves tlie fruit, leaving a small stem to each orange. Tlie clipped fruit is removed from the cup into which it has fallen while being cut. into a basket booked to the ladder. Basketfuls are emptied into tiie boxes, and these removed to the sort iug-house. There the oranges are "sweated" from twenty-four to forty-eight hours, by which forcible, if not elegant expression, is un derstood that during the time specified they are left to exude water through tlie skin, thereby toughening it. The fruit is then placed iu racks allowing the freest access of air and drying it thoroughly. Oranges are next sorted. An uproned sorter stands in front of an inclined trough perforated witli different sizes ot round holes. He sends the fruit geiilly down an inclined plane, with the result that each of I lie oranges drops through its appropriate hole aud tlie largest remain iu the trough. Wrapping in tissue paper conies next iu order, then boxiug and shipment to market.—Cor. Philadelphia Call. ' j * I to the the for in Victory Tlirongli Giinpowtler mid Oiiltiiue. An observant druggist says that the north conquered the south through its abundant supply of gunpowder and qui nine. and that hail it not been for the drug^ the northern armies would have beeil forced to succumb.—Chicago Times. Til* Autobiography of 1 *»)>,- Leo. Pope Leo's autobiography, which Uf is now writing industriously, will lie pifb lished simultaneously in four languages— Latin. English, French auil Spanish.~ Harper's I5az:.r Development of the Keeble- HIiiiIimI* Mr. Richards, who electrified the na tional conference of charities at Washing- The And ton last year by his eloquent plea for the feeble-minded, could take to his heart, as he did many years ago, a boy 83< years obi j with a mind so blank that every sense— sight, hearing. ta«te, touch — all were mute: he had never smiled, did not know j his own mother, could not stand on his feet or even roll over on the lioor where he ; lay. Mr. Richards took him to the insti tution, bestowed every hygienic care upon him, but for weeks could not discover one conscious want. Think how full of wants the normal child is. and thus meas ure the complete torpor of this one's mind. Mr. Richards then decided, us lie said, "to get down to him." An hour a day bir , three months lie read aloud to him. as '.hough reading to an intelligent listener, To Oh! ring down beside him. Then one day he Amply sat in a chair and read to himself, l'he child appeared uneasy. Mr. Richards uu j created a want: Lying down beside hint lie said: "You want me. Sylvannsr and tlie child breathed a responsive sound. . Two or three months more of palten reading aloud and again he took liis place beside him in silence, and then saw the child trying to do something, and grad 'Tis For And The ------- Z i . , . j ... .i,» 1 « tially lifted bis huger and laid it on tu. , reader's lips. Again the reading was con- ; tinned, giving.the child always the priyi- . __________________________ i>. Howe: "If we can redeem one we will. , m i oem them all over the country. Every . Q j sr , lte w jjj found institutions tor these un- ; t'oitunales and every intelligent being shad ; feel that it is n privilege to enter this great giving----- ----- . lege of thus opening the lips. At last lie ; gave his friend u smile of recognition. Mr. , Richards said that smile paid hint 10.000 , lulve Richards said that smue paiu nun lu.wv , times for all lie had done, and he saul to j stH . y uU | i . j wink." We will not stop to trace the sue- j t j I cessive steps by which this child was lea j - u to walk, to talk, to grasp thoughts of God. the Creator, to feel a longing for mother love. a-ml finally to greet his own parent j with a joyful, "Oh. my mother, 1 am glad Cor. Inter Ocean. Singapore a City of Vets. The city of Singapore is the chief entre* port of tiie Asiatic pet trade. All along the harbor the clamor of captive birds and monkeys liaiis the purchaser from hun dreds of shops. Chinese trainers. Parse« wholesale dealers and Malay- peddlers are ready to sell or buy anything from a paro quet to a hunting leopard. -Singapore is thé Cape Town of the Asiatic continent. Vessels of all nations call either for trad ing purposes or for supplies and repairs, for the harbor has the best dry-docks south of Canton, and the cheapest pro vision market of any Asiatic coast city. Splendid mongosteeas, ■ combining the taste of a banana and raspberry, can be bought for a few cents a bushel: sago and yam-roots are equally cheap, and, as the Malay trappers work for a shilling a week the menagerie dealers can afford to sell a monkey at a slight .advance on the aggre gate of his board bill. The forests of half Ù ' liUiidt'Hl Islands and peninsulas contribute to their stock in trade. The Malacca junks bring Gib bon apes, restless climbers with enormous arms and stumpy legs. Siam contributes lemurs and hanumans. Borneo an occa sional orang; Java, parrots and wild pea fowl; Papua, birds of paradise. Of the lemurs alone the local market term » dis tinguish some twenty different varieties, including the long tailed Tarsius and the Chirmuiuli Bill!—"Bashful I-illy"—a curi ous, phlegmatic variety of the genus 1 sir is. —Dr. Oswald in Cincinnati Enquirer. the of tlie an in it How a Horse Should Ho Trained. Mike J. Hester, assistant chief of the lire department, can break the stubbornest horse that ever stood on hoofs. He tamed the horse that Assistant Chief Finnerty is now driving, and that was a shyer, balker, kicker, biter, und everything else that could be mean in- horseflesh. Hester made him as docile as a weB-trulned and good natured dog. He trains all ills horses to ausAver the word of command, anil he can drive them, if he chooses to, without bridle. I know a gentleman who was riding with him to a fire one night when the bridle broke: my friend got cold as ice and pale as a ghost, but Mike called out to his horse, "Steady," when the animal slackened its pace, ntnl then came the peremptory ••Whoa," which brought the horse to a stand-still. Mike jumped and tied the bridle, and then resumed his run to the fire. He lias all bis horses trained so that when he makes his moruiug round of the engine-houses in his district, the horse fol lows him like a child.— Globe-Democrat. amy. ment the come tion. take one last the ings. Novel Une of tlie Stereoscope. A novel use is made of the stereoscope to detect forged bank notes. A note of UK) francs was recently submitted to the experts of the bank of France as issued by a band of forgers, but-the execution was so perfect that no defect could lie discov ered by the closest examination. A sug gestion was then made to place tlie sus pected note side by side with a genuine one in the objective of a stereoscope, the two images of which, us is well known, overlay each other and form a single pict ure. .The result of the experiment was that the loop iu a letter of a forged note did not exactly cover that of the genuine one. showing that they hud not been printed from the same plate.—Galiguaui's Messenger. Until of the Wrestling llusiness. There is no wrestler ill the country now who is makiug more than fci.ootln year, and there are many of them who do not get enough to provide good lioard and mid clothes for themselves. Tlie wrest ling business lias lieen ruin, principally by the class of men who have been in it, many of them without principle, who would wrestle in bar-rooms or do any thing for a dollar or t wo. I made as high as #38,000 wrestling iu oue season, and I never made less than $ti,00ti. I have an nounced that I shall wrestle no more, be cause 1 believe I have seen my best days, to use a common expression, and 1 can not get myself in condition now as easily as I once could.— Muldoonin Glolw-Demo crut. Not To Hr Wonitrreil At. In Corea, so we are informed by a re turned traveler, both men mid women wear hats in and out of doors, varying in width from three to six feet. Underjthesej circumstances, we are not surprised when i we are told that there has not. been a the-) atrical performance iu Corea for tlie past j four vears. 1'uek. • I i j I to BRILLIANTS. The mjnd doth sluipe itself to its own wants And can bear all things.—Joanna Bailey. To me the meanest flower that blows can give . ! Thought that too often lies too deep for j tcQifs " NN ordswortn. | Without our hopes, without fears. j Without the home that plighted love j endears, Without the smile for plighted beauty | won, Oh! what were man? a world without a —Campbell. WUen all our hopes are gone, 'Tis well our hands must still keep toiling I on For others' sake: For strength to hear is found in duly done, j And lie. is blest indeed who learns to make , The joy of others eure his own heartache, j —Maria Vpham Drake. 1 « uiuunsii* , ; smithers . . Felt the Kfleets wf the Failure. Mr. Coldcash—Say, have you heard the newsf Sinithers—Xo, what is it? Coldcash—Why. the Argentine bank inis wife )}efole j fuiletl the flrst time . Q * ^ seoumIrels: _chieago Rambler. ; ___________ ; nient» Political Agitation In Russia ; , , Oh. the scoundrels! 1 might lulve known such a rascally set of bimk directors would rob the depositors. Coldcash—Why did you have any , m01le y in it:> Smithers—livery cent 1 made over to Tlie . Russian government has ordered j t j ie authorities of all the universities j - u t j 1(J e , np j re to a t once adopt means for j is to the immediate and permanent su ppression of all forms of political agitation by young students.—l-'rauk Leslie's. A Time When High Prices ltuled. An Albany, G a., lady says that during tlie war she paid #30 for one spool ot thread, for a pound of tea and gave »400 for a 'simple gingham dress.—Phila delphia Call. Purify ini; tlx* German Language. The movement, for purifying the Ger man language has now the assistance of a special organ. A curious proof of the zeal with which this movement is being sup ported throughout Germany is seen in the fact that when, just recently, a bill was introduced iu tiie Brunswick diet in which an excessive number of foreign words were unnecessarily used in the text, several members fell foul of the government und succeeded in passing u resolution requir ing thé purest German to he used for tlie future in the text of bills and state publi cations..—Chicago Tribuue. Tin* Future wf Mwruiwuisiu. 1 asked Judge Baskin, of Utah, what was to he tiie future of the Mormons. He replied: -I believe that the Mormons will j have Joe Smith's son as the head of their j 'church within five years, and that they \ will aecept his doctrine. This man is uow i in Illinois, and lie teaches Mormonism as j it was taught by his father before polyg- j amy and temporal government by the \ church was mixed up with it. The Mor mons of Utah are being converted to this doctrine, and if the government continues j to legislate against polygamy, 1 think they will adopt It. The only thing that keeps' the Mormon church together uow in a i political way is the desire to uphold polyg- j amy. This being taken away the manage j ment of temporal affairs will pass out of ] the hands of tlie church and it will be- i come like any other religious denomina tion. Then Utah will grow, and it. will take its rank among the western states us one of the most fertile aud wealthy among them.—"t'arp" in Cleveland Leader. The marriage and death rate in London last year were tlie lowest on record, and the birth rate tile lowest since 1850. Sampson brought down the house, but nobody called for an encore.—Texas Sift ings. Mournin» ndte and i am i printciTto order, j Everything in the print» • * ar BlLülTICS Kept on sale at the TRIBUNE OFFICE, —OR— Put U|i to Order ou Short Notice. Acknowledgements, Quartz location blanks--large or small. Water right location blanks. Bargain and sale deeds. Warranty deeds. Mortgages. Chattel mortgages. Summons—Justice's court. Executions—Justice's court. Suhpicnas—Justice's court. Mittimu—J ustice's court. Affidavit of Attachment—Justice's court. Garnishees—notice of. Promissory notes—several styles. Blank shipping tags printed to order. Blank programmes and folders. Stock receipts—Bound the long way for office use, also, the short way for conve nience of carrying in tlie pocket. I Blank tablets, for counter or pocket, use, i also, put up to order on short notice. Ruled cardboard, for placing under un* j ruled paper when writing. Letter head's, note heads, statements,etc. neatly tahloted without extra charge: and blotters added at cost of putting them on. 'Fine blotting board kept in stock and cut I to am- desired size. •nvelopes in -tock Kc-cps constantly on hanu THE LARGEST AND BEST STOCK OF FURNITUHë, K VKU BROUGHT TO DILLON. CONSISTING OF* * W.\l.Nl'T, Asm an» Ma pi.t: Hr.D-KoiiM St its; Bl KF.Al'S, DllKSSKRS, Commodes, Bedsteads, Cots, Si*kin«> Beds, Book Cases, CrPisoAKDS, W \RDKOBKS, Mii.k Smks, T\ nu;s t ntkh Table*/ ''»TAXIis, Cha "'N Rockkr n LorxiiEs, M a i trusses am, 1'll.l.OWs, I'ari.or Si its « fcl'M&C. ALSO A F R ILS 11 AND COMPLETE STOCK OF SELECT FAMILY GROCERIES. AT I IBOC 3 C FBIC Bs ''Äh, ultima '•it,. 1 | j a -DETROIT* CK ICAGO-BUFFALO* ' S' j «5 *SOLD*BY* 3?" \ i as j j \ 3loat_ — ORALER IN* I r *<a Wood's Ê Isold with the absol-I |UTE GUARANTEE! IDF BEST'S THE BEST& ITHftT CAft IE MADE! ;the *michigan*stove*company,£ " 1 GEO. W. DART, £ , CROCKERY, tu WARE, ETC, Kr.RPSON 11AM) A FULL STOCK OF Cutlery, Carpenters' Tools, Minen 1 Supplie«, Tin aud Sheet Iron Ware, Plain and FancyCrock erv and Glass Ware, W ootl and Coal Stoves, md Everythin» Usually Found it First-class Hardware Business. All kiiuls of till, slicet iron »nil coppn work «lone |ii'wni|itly. CALL AXTL FJND PRICES, \ j i j j ] i SADDLES If vou are in want of a SADDLE, HARNESS Or anything appertaining to that line do not fail to call on I. H. HATFIEfi INLLOX, .MONTANA* A full line of Ms New and First b ALL WORK 18 WARRAI Harness and Saddles made to ordet• pairing a specialty. Opposite Sebree, REINHARDT & CALLAHAN, Wholesale and Retail BUTCHER SHOP UNION BLOCK IDillon, FOR SALE! FIFTY HEAD florman-Percberon Stallions, tirade-, from Imported Sires ami good American Mare-, rang 11 '.- ^ JbJjao* 200 1 he stock can be seen at our ranch on JJlacktai! Deer < » - Po-tortice address, »HLI.0X. MONTANA. . __ o. ORR POINDEXTER &