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The Dillon tribune. [volume] (Dillon, Mont.) 1881-1941, February 11, 1887, Image 2

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053040/1887-02-11/ed-1/seq-2/

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y. The courts have decided that refusing to take
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Beaverhead County Officer*.
Sheriff................Thos. E. Jones........Dillon.
dork and Recorder.. Phil. I). McGough.... Dillon,
Probate Judge.........II. It. Melton........Dillon.
Treasurer.............Robert T. Wing.....Dillon.
Assessor..............A. !.. Pickett,.....(ilendule.
Supt. Schools.........Miss M. K. Carter. ..Dillon.
Public Administrator.C. Mead............ .Dillon.
Coroner............... Dr. II. I>. Pickman.. Dillon.
Surveyor.............I. II. Bitterton ......Diiion.
I H', M, Oliver............Dillon.
h'oiamiw>ion< rs. Mie«. M. Brown........ Knnnack.
I I. M. Johnson.........Glendale.
Grngin & Gibson, Proprietor*«.
l emlictabls accommo dati on s for guests.
•uible run in connection with the Hotel.
"Vio la, U otel,
Mn. M«y MoBea, Propriotreu.
Good accommodations and the beet the market
a Sards on the table. me
&dge $ardx.
Regular meetings ol Stseoman Pour, No. *, o.
A. U., are held on the second sad fourth Tuesdays
« oach month at Post Rooms,
to aKd W * n »Coding are cordially invitad
______ „ OTHO KLEMM, Post Com.
J&MU D. Biaiior, Adjutant.
Dtu-px Lopc.a, No. 7.A.O.U.W
mHr "*•** Jh* and thirdTueaday even ins
lunZT%t!*!? eh « 8 o'clock, in A.O.U.W
IMlI oo Montana street. Sojourning brethren,!
S*nd s t a n d i n g , are corduilv invited to attend.
L» «.UTninowaii, Re corder.
I) ASSEMBLY. NO. jyji, K. o( L*.
«^ nicets at Part's Hall the ..Änd tad fourth*
< nie dar of every month, it 7:jo o. m.
L Q. O. T.
are Ihren, m g
W.J. IIhi h\ Secret;
. . * 7**1 Wednesday evening
J**! 1 ** 1 -'" in Glendale. Sojourning
good standing, nrc cordiaUv invited to
IV. T. COOK, X. G.
... "?**«* * n convocation every Thursday
Ban^S. 'VSî C " lle Hal1 - corner «,]
Ilannack and Montana streets.
irdto'sMeruf Kni " h,S * re cordia,ly invi '
l. IIlKsn.I HI is, K
E. 1. XK1.SOX, <
-t It. and S.
™** u **'«ry Monday evening, a*
'i* **all oo comer ol Montana and
. _. nanoack streets. Sojourning brothers,
hood standing, are cordially invited to attend.
,, K. I. NELSON. X.t;.
I. liiSMUMAN, Se,
I. O. O. P.
Kwompment. No. v. wen, the i*t
îfdl S i-rïfiïSY 0, .* acl ' *"0"'-h »« 1-odge
ftaB. in Glendsle. All sojourning Patriarchs m
good standing arc invited to attend.
, .. „ „ WM. GALL, C. P.
J. \Y. Mil i.ua, Scribe.
Twenty-fifth Anniversary of tho
Great Siege.
When, Where und Him. i'll
Baffle Was Fotiffhi.
Men Who Afterward Iîmhiiu! Distin
guished That Took Part In It—I'olit!
eal tender!*. .Senators Governors and
Presidents That Were to lie—"Either
.Side lteady to Give Up*'—From Henry
to Uonclson-I'lie Sortie That Failed,
nine amt (.ray.
Once again the >0111% people gatlieraround
and listen while veteran lips tell the story of
Fort Donelson. Thai story was math' twenty
five years ago this February.
The writers anil raconteurs have preserved
the history more faithfully than the map
makers have. Neither Fort Henry nor Fort
Donelson is marked upon the newest atlases.
Nature herself has not obliterated their traces
co speedily. The trees yet stand os scarred
veterans of the mighty fight. Bullet mark,
stump and broken limb are yet to bo seen
when in winter they are unclad of kindly
leaf and vine.
Turn to your map. You will see that tho
Tennessee and Cumberland rivers run through
the state of Kentucky side aud side, like twin
sisters. They empty into the Ohio not far
apart. They come near together first inside
the Tennessee line, aud flow through that
etato clow, liesido each other. Tho Tennes
see forms i«irt of the boundary between tho
two states for some distance. On the Ten
nessee siifi,, just opposite where the corner of
Kentucky begins, was Fort Henry. Twelve
miles across from it, slightly north of east,
was Fori Dimel.soii, on t.lio Cumberland.
Henry was mi the right bank of the Tenues- I
sec, while Donelson was on the l„ft bank of I
tho Cumin, '-laud. I
Henry and Donelson were important Con
federate stations. Henry was raptured Feb.
fi, 1883. A rising young brigadier general,
named Ulysses H. Graut, was at the head of
tho force that took it. The victory called for
the first time the attention of the country to
this officer. The victory at Fort Henry, too,
was, strictly speaking, the beginning of the
turning of the tide in favor of the north. A
gloom like the fog of a winters day had been
on the country till t>—•- Men ;•* 'the north
" , 0r* a liwo —a »nan who niiuuta
be strong/foiough to take t he head of affairs
MidLtNjni heart sickening failure into victory.
The hero was developing, though they
know it not. He who was to lift tho cloud
was tho silent man that, even in the midst of
the victoi-y of Fort Donelson, was "too busy
to write a word."
A notable |>oiiit is the shortness of Grant's
dispatches at all times. A few messages, of
not many lines, to his superior officer tell the
story of both Henry and Donelson. Gen.
Hal lick, then at St. Louis, was in command
of the department of tho Missouri. Grout
dis]latched Halleck, Feb. 0. that Fort Henry
hod fallen. He added these words:
"I shall take and «lestroy Fort Donelsou on
the 8th and return to Fort Henry."
But he had undertaken a larger contract
than even he could fill in the time he pro
posed. The freshets and overflows, which al
ways work such mischief in the south and
west, prevented, for one thing. The roads
leading to Donelson were a sea of mud. By
tho Imok water of creeks on each side of the
fort there was a sea of water two miles in
land from the fort.
The Cumberland runs mirth at the point
selected for Fort Donelsou. About a mil©
south ol' the fort, up the river, is the little
town of Dover. This hamlet wa* the head
quarters of the Confederate general, Gideon
J. Pillow, during the siege. It was in Dover
that: the last Confederate council of war be
tween I Sens. Floyd, Pillow, Bucktie.*, Col. N.
B. Forrest and others took pluce, previous to
the surrender of the fort to Grant. Below
Fort Donelson. on the north 'lickman's
creek emptied into the CumberY ,d. It was
overflowed for mile.*, the v er up to a
horse's brc!i«t. Grant could t attack the
fort from tli.sl side. On other hand,
however, iu i-a 1 Le Confeden es, being hard
pressed, wished t > make a snllv out front the
fort and eseu,*. l.y the Fort Hem v road, ns,
In fact, liter did wish to do, this overflowed
creek would prevent them. No. on the whole,
the backwater of Hickman's crick was an ad
vantage to both besieger and besieged. Above
Fort Dcnelson. und between that and Dover,
w-as another :;tream of w ater, Indian creek
also overflowed. '
Mud! There wus never mix thing like it
It was- half leg deep," as specially mentioned
in Confederate official dispatches, lin-iit'ssol
ilicrs fairly wnded in mud "up to their eyes"
when they marched from Fort Hem v to be
aiego Dover and Donelson. It flew from the
horse* hoofs like rain ami peppered man and
beast, when the cavalry splashed hither and
thither, 111 tho vain fancy that, they were
trotting. It rolled from the gun carriage
wheels and foil m hup? nmssrs at rvfrv turn
th© artillery inad«\
It must lie rcntemliered that it was Grunt,
brigadier general, who had urged the reduel
tion of Forts Henry and Donelson. The ob
ject to U* gained by it was the clearing of the
Cumberland and Tennessee rivers, and tbo
occupation of Tennessee and its lines of rail.
WÄ >\ " n }! lt . w " •* Cairo and re|ieatedly
urged Halleck to let him visit Mr. I^i. u
I«avo was at length given. Grant visited
bte superior and began to unfoid his plan for
the capture of the two forts. But Halleck
silenced him at once and snubbed him
. . Ju dgw Force, in his book, says that Grant
"returned to Cairo believing bi» onmmander
| ' n
thought him guilty of propfaing 11 nniilary
blunder." And yet ho persisted, importun
! in g again nnd again. Flag Officer Andrew
II. Foote, of tho Mississippi squadron, urged
i the same, and begged Halleck's permission to
let him and Cirant move 011 Henry and Don
1 clson. it was at length given, and bob. 3
j Foote and Grant, infantry and cavalry forces
I united, started up tho Tennessee to Fort
I Henry, with 17,000 men and seven gun
i boats ,
Fort Henry feil on the f>cb. The Sunday
after Commander Footo took his idaeo in llio
I pulpit of Hit Presbyterian church at Cairo
' and preached t r. eloquent sermon on tho text:
' Let not your hcur&s lie troubled. Yo believe
in God, believe also in me."
Thou ho canc down from 1 he pulpit and
i made ready his l>oats for Hie expedition
! against Donelson, which surrendered Feb. 10,
! just one week from that Sunday morning.
! Engineers o." the Confederate service agreo
I that the site of Fort Donelson was badly
! chosen. It stood upon a river bluff. Tho
I situation was elevated, to he Mire, but there
! v. ïjs a ring of hills around it, at from one to
; live miles distance. These hills were higher
than the bluff upon which the fort was, and
convenient Jor the enemy to plant guns
The bluff ijkiii which Donelson stood was
100 feet higi. The fort itself was what was
called in military language a bustioned earth
work, with ingles like star points projecting
from the imin inclosnre outward, and pro
tected by walls of heavy earthworks. It was
so situated Hat its guns commanded the river
ns for as they could carry. Two water bat
teries were irepted on tho slope of the bluff
toward the river. Tho larger battery was
the one neatest tue shore. It had for arma
ment a 10-inch Colunibiad nnd nine 33-pound
guns. Tho upper battery was supplied with
two 32-pounders and one rifled camion which
carried a conical ball ,>f 128 pound«. Tbo
water batteries were built by Lieut. Col. J.
F. Gilmer, chief engineer of the western dc
I tartinent of tho Confederate army. They
were constructed after t he fall, of Fort Henry.
As soon us that point was captured the whole
available Confederate force in that region
w»s concentrated tit Donelson.
The lino of batteries was extended so us to
take in Dover, where store» of food and am
munition were, lit and out, through salient
I and re-entrant, ungle, for two miles und a
I half, the tracery of earthwork-* and guns
I went.
1 Besides that, tho fortifications were pro
tected with bristling abatis. It was a wooded
region, full of "black jack" oak and other
woods. The »'rub oaks were felled, their
branches sharpened at tho point and these
and the trees were fastened upon tho ground,
sharpened points outward, in what seemed
an impenetrable abatis. To get at Fort Don
elson the Union troops were obliged to go up
hill over these sharpened points in the face of
marksmen whose aim was yet sharper.
On the east., tho river protected the works.
Such were the defenses of Donelson.
Lieut. Col. Gilmer says that the effective
fighting force within the fort was 15,000.
Up to the time the siege began it was com
manded by Gen. Bushrod R. Johnson. He
was re-enforced successively by Gens. Pillow,
Clarke, Floyd and Buckner, with several
thousaud men each. Gen. J. B. Floyd was
the officer highest in rank and had command.
The Dnion gunboats nad ciono gr*»v »ui woe
at Hepiy. U DonGson the fleet did not dis
tinguish itself greatly, except by convoying
transports containing troops.
White Grant, with 15,000 men, plowed
across the mml sea between Henry and Donel
son by land, he sent Foote with six gunboats
around bv water. They were obliged to go
down the Tennessee and up the Ohio a short
distance to the mouth of the Cumberland to
Fort Donelson. F* >ote had to make a circuit
of 150 miles to g,> twelve.
Tbe ( 'arondelet is a good illustrntiou of the
old-fashioned gunboat. It was the first to
arrivo on the morning of Thursday, Feb. 18.
It ojx-ned lire. It may bo mentioned that the
old Carondelei. with the same commander,
Capt. Walke, was also the first to afterward
pa«w down the river under the batteries at
The rest of Footes fleet with tbe trans
ports, containing six regiments of soldiers,
arrived Thursday evening. Friday morning
the Presbyterian flag officer o|>enod fire from
his fleet of six gunboats, four ironclads and
two wooden ones. There was a severe light
of an hour nnd n half, which did not result in
n brilliant success for the fleet. The boats
engaged were the ironclads St. Louis, Caron
delet, Louisville and Pittsburg, nnd the
wooilen beats Tyler and Conestoga. Four of
the boats were disabled. The tirst tiro from
the Carondeiet hail disabled one of the
33-pounders in the water batterie«. The
same shot instantly killed Lieut. Joseph
Dixon, a brave Confederate officer and tbe
accomplished local engineer who hud assisted
in preparing tbe defenses of Donelsou. That
wo.« about tlio only damage apparently done
by tho (Wt. Then Commander Foote drew
off the remains of ir and dropped down out
of range.
got its name front the gr.n
rootlet* float""
heavy "<
erected very
The mortar ixu
it c*»nieij. I- i*v>t
built. Upon j- ""'i 'A i-iu-ir.i and were
wooden walls These sloped in«ar-t m.^ ^
about eight feet high. The
Inside was a
I'U »«* ....... . -
eV were philwl with
-de heavy mor*
There was also a tent tor ti-i K li
considered for
But such is
boat into
tho w il». . ,
These mortar boats neu
midablc twenty-live years ago.
the improvement made since then m destruc
thro warfare that one shot from even a mod
era to sized gun of tbe kind now m..J
knock an old fashioned mortar
fl otie'youthful Confederate gunner
tinguished himself gallantly at tho lower
water battery at Fort Donelson. VYbile
Foote's gunboats were peppering the bann
ies to the right and loft, tbis youth, John G.
Frequa, stood perfectly straight at his gun,
taking aim and firing as coolly ns if he had
been squirrel hunting.
"Now, boys,* said lie, *sch? mo lake a cinm
n6 He aimed at tüo smokestack of an advanc
ing gunboat. It fell, carrying with it the
flag. Frequa threw bis cap in tbe air, yelling
Again the nervy boy took aim, clear aud
straight Shortly he sent a ball directly
through a porthole, and then the gunboat fell
back disabled. The jxirtholcs of the boats
were quite large._____
To toll the truth, army officers do not
always write the clearest English, not even,
alas! regular army officers.
It is difficult, therefore, for the historian to
gather from the colonels'and brigadier gener
als' reports, just how a battlo was fought and
how and where the troops stood. Grant's re
ports and orders, what there are of them, are
models of dearness, brevity and simplicity.
From them wo gain more clear-headed knowl
edge than from most of the rest.
Immediately on the fall of Fort Henry,
Gen. Halleck began forwarding fresh troopa
and supplies 11« fust a« possible Cor tho reduc
tion ol Donelson. Boys, on whose cheeks tho
rose- hail not yet given place to tan, r -giments,
as Judge Force soys. 'V freshly formed that
they had hardly changed their civil garb for
soldier's unifoii..," wire hurried to the front
i .1 help out. G nit «t J Joni-Ison.
jjK i»
* 3
T ——11---^r.! r.^ffir.i
fSTMlFH« nsu
Feb. 11, 1863, tho general order was given
Qxiut'a 1U«. Ac. la—..L fmm FTnnry to DniwL
ron. There were two roads; one, tho Wynn'S
Ferry road, leading to Dover south of Fort
Donelson, tho other north of it some dis
tance. The two catnc together not far from
the fort, the northern road lending directly
to the fort.
Along these two roads tho men marched,
starting the morning of Feb. 12. The First
and Second divisions moved forward. Tha
First division was commanded by Gen. John
A. McClernand, the Second by Gen. C. F.
Smith. They moved forward, McClernand'«
division by the right hand or southerly road,
Smith's by the northerly or left hand road.
They came togother two and one-half miles
from Donelson. McClernand's forces took
the right wing south of Donelson, Smith's the
left wing north of Donelson. Later word
was sent to Gen. Lew Wallace, who had re
mained at Fort Henry, to bring uo tho Third
division. Ho arrived on the 14th (Friday)
and took position with his division in tho
Thus the Federal i jrc«i invested Donelson
Jn form of a crescent A diagram of their
position would show them as follows:
Smith's division.
Wallace's division. Donelson.
MeClernand's division.
ol * Mm evening
of the 12th between tho pickets of the two
•raies. On the 13th the battle began in
rarnert. Col. Wm. R. Monison/rt the
Forty-ninth regiment of Illinois Volunteers.
?* ° bri S ade U»»* day in McCler
nand s division. His brigade had some >f the
S"'7 rko( i the whole Donelson fight
tn 7* 0rk ""* to nas ' ,1 t Money's battery,
on the Confederate loft, at onee the most con!
spicuous nnd inaccessible of the entire line of
works». They started to climb up hill over
the tangled and terrible "black jack" abatte
A double fire of battery anS infancy JSS
them fore and aft. Once they fell ha^k^md
forced thc^way^Ä't^ 10 ,
"T"* " nrt f"« b«^once m ore. BUltlii ' thwi
ofthe"Ä S Ct lCten 0 XT P ^ tiOM
the exact color of this cWi, ^Jî en9 •Imost
Absolutely Pure.
'Chit powder never varies. A semi « {p, lr i,..
Itrengtti and whdeset&eaess. More c.n*.,,,,.^
thiin i'sj ordinary- kiads.aiid carnet lwso'.cL.j (
petitio.i -A-ita the multitude of low teat,
wrigtiGaliim orp)i<w]ihiite ]iowdcrs. Somoni,» »
csss. Bov At. B.iaiso PownrR l'a, 108 Wul!^
Timber Trespassers.
Considerable trouble is experienced bj
the authorities of New York in keerine
trespassers off the 1,000, CÛ0 acres of tim
ber land owned by the state. Last year
thieves stole nearly §150,000 worth of
timber from the lands.—Chicago Times.
Amateur Theatrical».
Mary Anderson advises young women
not to have anything to do with amateur
theatricals, us they are "a tremendous
strain on the nerves anil do not pay on«
who has .a high ideal of dramatic art."
Elizabeth Stuart Phelps.
Mrs. Elisabeth Stuart Phelj;«, who*
in retirement at East Gloucester. Mass., is
an invalid and writes, " I nm able w vi'rk
almost none at all."
Not Symptoms lint the tlisi-u««-.
It \iodd seem to be a truth iipprecLblr
bv all, and especially by professors of tiu
healing art, that to remove the disease, tint
to alleviate Its symptoms, should be the
chief aim of medication. Yet in ho**
many instances do we see this truth ad
mitted in theory ignored in practice. The
reason that Hostetler's Stomach Bitters i*
successful in so many cases, with which
remedies previously tried were inadequate
to cope, is attributed to the fact that it is a
medicine which reaches and removes tin
causes of the various maladies to which it
is adapted. Indigestion, fever and ague,
liver complaint, gout, rheumatism, disotdei
of the bowels, urinary affections and other
maladies are not palliated metelv, but
rooted out by it. It goes to the fouutain
held. It is really, not nominally, a radi
cal remedy, nnd It endows the system with
an amount of vigor which is the best pro
tection against disease.
1 iruukeuuess, or Liquor Habit, can lie Carol
by Administering Dr. Haines' ftolilrn
It can be given in a cup of coflee or tea
without the knowledge of the person tak
ing it, effecting a speedy and jiermancnt
cure, whether the patient is a moderate
drinker or an alcoholic wreck. Thousand*
ot drunkards have been made temperate
men who have taken the Golden Specifu:
in their coffee without their know ledge,
and to-day believe they quit drinking of
their own free will.* No harmful effects
results from its administration. Cures
guaranteed. Send for circular and lull
particulars. Address in confidence Cot
hex SI'Ecifc- Co., 185 Race St., Cincinna
ti, Ohio.
25 YE^JBTseT
Tka Greatert MsSesTrrUrnrgh of the Ag<d
teMoIaneikc, Rowels costive, Pain is
tbe head, with a dnll sensation iu 1 I 13
• J r c ¥ ®? rt ' P«ia ander the shooWer*
utade, Fullness after eating, with 1 . <!«*
-uclinatlou to exertion of body nriaiml,
1 ; 'r't anility of temper. Law suivit *>, v/irli
up.qing of having uegleeu-s. oik... duty.
*• cnrlness, Dizziness, Fluticrina ai it ■<
ll.-art. Dots before tho eyes, Ili-m'.-u !. •
S''*' 1 ' tbo right eye, Bestiessurss. *'.**..
.itfnl (-reams, Highly colored I .Tine,
TrVT'R Pills arc especially micy »
to aucli eases, 01:0 dr.se effcctu smu •'
. .iiinj:-offeellngns to astonish tliosut'.-'i'"
• t uy , 1 *cre«so tit* Appetite ,«u*t rsa*t- c
;!y •- * Take on Vlesli.tix.* in«* »v-t.-*.» - :1
.ur.shed.ant by thetr Toni- Action 1 •*
ghat Hair or WmsKeua changed t<> *
•j1.k«sv liucx by tt single api>licu ,!,v - * !
'uhDtk, *.t imparts a liutunil c-<-i* »-'* •
instantaneously. Sold by Dnn?!-'' s ' t - ' r
sent by express on receipt of •! -
OfllQR. 4» Mlurray St * Hew v r-rU.
Parties who have taken flats liot"
Birch Creek Saw mill, are requested^ t<*
come forward and settle with M. F. Kirk
notice TO SETTLE I'P.
• Prisons indi-litcd to Sclwuv Brothers,
Kirkp.itrick Brothers, arc hereby n 1 ot "J c „
that if they fail to settle on or before the a?* 1 *
ol »cptcmlter with either J. It. Iloldrn or ti« «»
uersijqied, suit will be brought against then
P-bk S ml wav Rkos., AssiRn^'

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