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DILLON, BEAVERHEAD COUNTY, M. T., FRIDAY, JUNE io, 1887. No. 24. rué 1 : 1 : s-VîïK ;a SI «Il » it we the nia, on A New Appointment. * Benton J. Hall, To Be Commissioned op Patents. The new Patent Commissioner, who rill assume the performance of his duties as su 'll o:i May 1 , is a resident of Burlington, Iowa, and one of its load j,., lawyers. He is a native of the State of Oiio, born at .Mount Vernon, lvnox County, on January 13 , 1835 ; hut was muler'flvo years of ago when taken to of or to a it, it , . , , 1 , • , I Iowa, which tias lreeu Ins homo over ! ânl Mr. Hall attended Knox College, I Iili.ioit, for a time, and afterward j rtudiod at Miami University, Ohio, of | which lie is a graduate, hrom 1K>.:> to | pj 1*7 to wad law in Ins father s office at Burlington. His name has Leon on -, the roll of Iowa attorneys since 1857 . ! Mr. Hall was a member of (lie lower j house of the General Assembly < 1 ' the State of Iowa, in 1872 - 73 . In Jaimavy, 1882 ,110 tool; his seat as a State Senator, beginning a term of four years' u -oful public service in the capacity indicated. Ho was a successful candidat«! nr .ho Forty-ninth Congress, and served a full tenu as a member of the House <u Uop reseutatives at Washington. Hi can didacy for a renewal of the trust, was defeated in the election of last fall, when Ex-Governor J0I111 H. Gear, his Republican opponent, won the eon testeil scat. The Commissioner of Patents is charged with the administration of the Patent Laws, and supervises all matters relating to the issue of letters patent for in'and useful discoveries, inventions al improvements. Ho is aided in his wrh by aa Assistant Commissioner, lip: Ex iminers-in-Chief, an Examiner oi luterf fences, an Examiner of Trade Marks, and twenty-five principal Ex aminers. The duties of the ofiieo to which Mr. Hull lias been appointed, to succeed Colonel M. V. Montgomery, resigned, arc of an increasingly ur inous and resjionsiblo character. With the further development of the American genius for invention, together with the accumulated results of its production, it may soon be that existing arrange ments at the Pateut Office will be found HEATH OP AN KX-VICE-PRESIDENT. Hra. Win. A. Wheeler Passen Away After w Lingering Illness. Hon. Wm. A. Wheeler died at his home in Malone, N. Y., last Saturday morning. He remained in a comatose state during the night and passed peacefully away without a sign of recognition of Ihose about him. Mr. Wheeler, whose vitality has been decreasing slowly through the past six yens, retained his vigor up to perhapj six months ago, and from that date he failed rapidly. He was tortured terribly by in > omniaand neuralgia and was also afflicted with catarrh of the bladder. On the night of the third of March last he was seized with a chili, followed bv a sinking spell a nd then by fever, and for hours his phy 'icians thought him dying. He never ful ly rallied trotn that attack and his mind assdbody wasted away together. 'There l'*s probably been softening of the brain, and for weeks lie was irrational. This r »in affection was the immediate cause of death. There is universal sorrow among the People. Flags were placed at half-mast wd emblems of mourning were displayed. The funeral was held at 1 p. n-.. on Tues JJ' J une 7 l h, at the Congregational Cl >urch, with a sermon by the pastor, to w hom \V heeler had been almost a second '«her. Donovan the Jumper. Lswrence Donovan, who jumped oil the aoklyn bridge, and also oft' the Suspen ,,3r ^6 e at Niagara Falls, jumped from r ® London br 'dge into the Thames. «fused to permit He to be taken collection - ------ ••«= jump w nor °f the Q ueen > s : u biiee. He intends P, saying that the jump was merely in honor of the Queen'. 10 jump *t _ i an early day off the Clifton Sus £n«°n bridge ,t Bristol, bnd ee in England. the highest «cNlim PL AC KH MINKS. DcM-ri|tli»n of it Valuable Minima Property. A correspondent of the Salt Lake '/rib- j it Hr, writing from Moose Creek. Idaho, i gives an interesting description of Me- | Nutt's placer mining property, lrotn which we make extracts: "After having spent! the most of my life in the mines of Califor ; nia, Nevada and surrounding Territories'I 1 have never seen anything that can or will hold a candle to the way mining is carried ! on here, on a creek well up in the moun tains An through a liât or basin having a dip or fall Up there is a creek which runs I of about seventy feet to the mile, the Hat j being from one fourth to one-half mile wide, | and as level as the grass lands in Kansas! ot or Iowa. The soil is a rich loam from two 1 to tour feel deep. Underlying this loam is j a rich bed of gold-bearing gravel from ; twelve to fourteen feet thick. The upper | half carries but little gold, in fine colors, and is loose and is easily washed down. The lower half of this gravel is close and tight and has line gold ail through it, while closer to the bed rock it is so tich in gold as sometimes to yield a- ouch as a half dollar to the pan, but from tour to live cents is more com mon. It is impossible to take a pan ot dirt anywhere and not find gold in it. A cut I has been made in ahead of the upper ! I oui or bed rock Hume about 1,600 Uet, j opening up the ground ready for washing | each side into this cut. At this point two | pj nt , s C ome in, or rather one pipe which is divided into two so as to give two -, _ . . , . , . ! I*»"«* tro,n which they operate. A gate at j the fork of the pipe, enables the changing from one giant to the other easily. These streams operate at points 200 feet apart and so situated as to operate on the banks, and for washing down to the best advantage. The giants wash the earth, or gravel, into this center cut and down toand through the long bed rock llume, while the gold is caught in the bottom of the flume. The lower end of this bed rock flume discharges into a deep cut made through a ridge or reef, then down into a gulch at right an gles to where the creek formerly flowed. The gulch gives a dumping ground so deep and extensive as to last for all time; in fact, it is the greatest dumping place the writer lias ever seen in placer mining. It will be seen that the ground blocked out for this season, 1,600 feet long and 200 feet wide and a rod in depth covers an im mense mass of gravel, being now washed down stream. It aggregates about seven and one-half acres, from which the fortun ate owner expects to clean up fully $100 000 at the end of the season. One of the best features of this big property is, that about all he takes out is a clear gain, ..s it costs but a trifle to operate «lie giants, turn on the sb'ire, do the cleaning up at the end of the season, and convert the gold into bankable paper. A little labor and sagacious brain work in the past in opening up the property, and a little cheap labor, consti tute the items of expense in mining, while nature does the rest, as it has been doing for Mr. McNutt for several years. But it must be remembered that in the early days of this property it cost McNutt much money to properly open it up. He did not spare any expense in any particular in making these diggings just what they ought to be for the most economical man ner of working, and for saving the gold to the fullest extent. When he began put ting in these improvements he saw mil lions in the ground, and now after he has taken his hundreds of thousands from there and has made only a small hole in the property, so great in extent as it is, the only thing that now seems to harass him is that he cannot live to work these placers out, and the man is not now alive who will see the day that these mines will he exhausted of their gold. Sentenced to Death. [Special Correspondence.] Pocatello, Idaho, June, 6. —On Friday afternoon, Woods, the negro wife murder er, was sentenced to be hanged on July sad. This makes the second that will suf fer the extreme penalty of the law on that davWoods, the negro, a«d William*, a White «nan. Dr. Mary Walker, though only 45 years old, looks to be not les» than So. Baekles'i Aral* Eoleo. The Best Salve in the world for Cuts, Bruises, Sores. Ulcers, Salt Reum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped, Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and all Skin Eruption, and positive ly cures Piles, or no pay required. It is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction, or money refunded. Price 2 S cent, per box For* sale by N. M. White, City Drug Store. WOILH-lIK TRAIN WKECKEUS. An Itn|t»rlaiit Capture of >IImi«uii«s Who Tried to Wreck Trains mi «lie V. & N. Monday's Miner: Last Moiuiav a rail was placed across the track of the V. & N. just below Silver Bow, and it was fortun ately discovered and removed by a section man before any accident occurred. Some trouble and been experienced by the road previous to the same neighborhood, and accordingly a man was set to watch for similar occurrences again, as it was evi some enemy of the road living in the j dentlv prompted by malice on the part of neighborhood. Captain Clcarv had been tor sometime at Silver Bow in the interest ot the road, endeavoring to detect the per petratorot the intended mischief, when he was told by a section man on Saturday at about 7 that he had just removed two 600, pounds rails' from the track about three miles and a half from Silver i'ow which could not have been placed there more than ten minutes before they were re moved. This brought tlie matter pretty close to home, and the captian went with the section man to the spot where the rails had been found upon the track, and, on in vestigation, fresh horse tracks were found that led to the house of a farmer in the neighborhood, lie found where the horses had been hitched to a telegraph pole. The captain lost no time, but when be located the authors of the intended mischief, lie came up to Butte, which he reached late at night, and procured a warrant for the ar rest of L. Byars and Thomas Bokart from Judge Dingevon. Going to the Sheriff's office lie procured the assistance of Depu ties Fish and Thomas and left Butte about 2 130 lor the ranch of the man suspected of the wrecking. They were in bed, but were awakened. Byars is a well-to-do farmer, and Bokart was staying with him They got up and dressed, and were brought up town and placed in jail. The prisoners were placed in separate cells, and not allowed to converse together nor with anyone else except their counsel, George Haldron, of McBride Jc Haidron, who lias been engaged to defend them. On Tuesday afternoun they had an ex ; amination and were held tc answer to the next grand jury. f The National I'ark. The National I'ark. lion. Charles Gibson, of St. Louis, one of the managers of the National Park, in a conference at St. Paul with General Manager Watters, is reported by the Pio neer Press as saying of the work of the en suing year: "The Park will open June 15th the same date as last year, and as early in that altitude as it can be opened. The prospects are for an increase of travel this year over last, and I think that our accom modations will be ready by the time they begin to come. 1 know that the travel to the Park from the South will he greater than ever before. The new railroad from San Francisco to Portland, which will be completed within twenty days, will bring many tourists in also. The Interstate Commerce law will affect the travel some, but principally in official circles. We will erect a hotel at the Grand Canyon this season, the materials now being on the ground for it. Improvements are to he made at the Upper and Lower geysers. One of the greatest troubles is the mean ness of Congress in its neglect to make ample appropriations for the roads needed in the park, and not the best half at that. We will keep up with the work of the government, but wc cannot build hotels where there are no roads. There is an ap propriation of $20,000 for roads this year, and it will probably be used for the coin pletion of roads already under way. I have appointed E. C. Watters, of Billings, to succeed Mr. Strong as General manager of the park, and large additions are to be made to the staging facilities I do not think that any game was killed in the park last summer. There are »ome infractions of the law, but no more than could naturally be expected. It is impossible to prevent poaching now and then. Austin (Nev.) Reveille : Under the man agement of an experienced Colorado man, the furnace at Sprucemount is turning out 135 bars of bullion daily. Last Thurs day the first shipment of 700 bars weigh ing 70,000 pounds, was made from the new furnace. At this furnace thir-five men are employed. The company owning the fur nace not only works it* own ores, but also buys of outsider*. This gives a "living show" to all miners in the camp who have ore producing mines, and it making rich men of those who a short time ago were poor,as regarded ready money. A Boston doctor raises his voice against cotton stockings for winter wear. He says they are destroying the women of New England with rheumatism and neuralgia. ULEAMhUS FROM TH E ROCKIES. Events Transpiring; la Our Sister Stutei und Territories. Miners are beginning to go into Sheep Mountain district. The Columbia River salmon run is about equal to last year. Puget Sound towns have sent nearly $S,ooo to Nanaimo sufferer*. Russell & Bradley are moving their herd of 2500 cattle from Battle Mountain, New, to Southern Idaho. The grand jury at Cheyenne found in j dictments against persons who have illc of lias ; the gaily fenced in public lands. The White Pine (Ne v.) AY mi soys that miners are scarce in that county and geed miners could get work there. A party of Portland capitalists is visiting Cœur d'Alene, with a view of obtaining control of the trade of that great section. The Hailey Xiws-.Winer reports that a new mining district is about to he organ ized at Soldier, on new discoveries there. On the 31st of May, Frank Williams, the convicted Cariboo (Idaho) murderer, was sentenced to be hanged on July 22nd. The Virginia (Nevada) Chronicle is booming Ophir. It quotes an "enthusias tic operator" as claiming the stock will go to $20. A revolt occurred among the Indian last age. an to one in scouts at San Carlos, A, T., resulting in the serious wounding of the elite! ot scouts, Al Sieber. High water in the Idaho l ivers is creat ing considerable damage. A part ot Lew iston is under water and the meadow lands at Mission are overflowed. The Spokane is higher than known for years. Samuel S. Shull, a weather rancher near Albuquerque, N. M., was shot through the heart by a man with whom he had traded horses, and his cabin robbed of a good sum of money, last week. The building of a bianch line of the Northern Pacific through the Puyallup Indian Reservation has been checked by the refusal of the Indian agent to allow the passage of the road through the grounds. A deputy sheriff, In replevying a horse from a negro, who, resisted, at Wagon Mound, N. M., fired and killed a bystander named Miguel Martinez, and four other shots lodged in the negro's body, inflicting fatal wounds. In the case of Mrs. Teller, w ho shot her husband near Deep Creek Falls, W. L, it is now claimed that one Frank Smith, a hand on the ranch, was Teller's real mur derer, and that the wife was iris paramour, in aiding in the caitne. A Victoria dispatch says: Extensive ledges of gold quartz have been discovered in Nicola, thirty miles from the Canadian Pacific Railway. The ledges are Urge in width and extend for several miles. Great excitement prevail*. Many claims are al ready taken up. Pete Mortinello, a well-known butcher of F'ort Huachuca and Tomb*tone, wa* hanged by desperadoes in the mountains between Arizona and New Mexico. II* had been summoned to appear against some well known cattle thieves, and the latter, it is supposed were afraid of his evi dence. Swan Brothers' Failure. Cheyenne, Wyoming special: It is learned from reliable authority that the Swan Brothers' resumption of business is delayed and endangered from the antagon istic action of one of their Chicago "quasi" partners, who had some interests in poi tions of their former business. At his in stigation two receivers have been appoint ed to take charge of two separate "estates" for the purpose of winding up the partner ship. This action has tended to depreciate the value of their assets some hundreds of thousands of dollars, so that the present outlook makes it doubtful if the picsent cash valuation will equal their liabilities, the procedure of this one party now will, ia all probability, cause the assignment to go fully into effect this week. There is no preference of creditors, and all are to share and share alike. Both residences of the Sw an Brothers are included in the assign ments. There is a strong feeling con demning the apparent malicious course of the party, as all the other creditors, as far as heard from, were unanimous to give all reasonable time, and several of the credi tors volunteered to assist in substantial aid to make the restitution a success. Mrs. Elizabeth Custer, wife of (Jen. Cus ter, is tall and slender, with black hair and sympathetic grav-brown eyes. Her tace has been a handsome one in earlier days, but anxiety and sorrow have left upon it manv marks and lines. ! CURRENT NEWS NOTES. There were two cloudbursts in Ohio last Sunday which did considerable dam age. lion. Chauncey F. Cleveland, for many years the oldest living ex-Governor ot Connecticut, is dead. W. W. Corcoran, the aged Washington philanthropist, has been stricken with paralysis in his left side. The vicinity of Quebec was visited by an earthquake which caused great recks to fall from the mountains. Chief Justice Mercur of the supreme court of Pennsylvania died Tuesday morn ing from congestion of the lungs. The will of Mrs. Henry Wood, the authoress, has been proved. It bequeathes .€36,000 in equal shares to her children. The Lower Rhine spinners have ad vanced the price of yarns produced from American cotton, one penny per pound. The houses in Hamburg Germany, which were occupied by 10,000 people were demolished to allow of improvements connecting the canal and the new harbor. A special from Des Moines, Iowa, says News is just received that Rev. Dr. Rr' l who left Mansion last winter to become a missionary in Central Atrica, lias been killed and eaten by the Cannibals. Frederick Herman, of Pittsbui'g, Pa., a the by the her L, beat his wife fatally, killed his baby and then cut his own throat, because lus wife had the baby baptized in the Catholic church, of which she was a member. Her man was a Lutheran. The executive committee of the Prohibi tion party has decided to hold the State Convention at Syracuse, N. \ -, August 26'.h and 27th. It will nominate a full ticket. Ex-Governor St. John, ot Kansas, and John B. Finch of Nebraska, will traverse the State making speeches. It lias been proved beyond doubt that the steamer "Sir John Lawrence" was lost in a recent cyclone oft the the Indian coast. It is believed all were lost. The largest part of the passengers were native ladies, en route to the Juggernaut in Or rissa to celebrate the Juggernaut festival. Jbe executive committee of the West trn'u nion Telegraph company had itteir regular bi-quarterly meeting, in New York, Tuesday, hut refused to state whxA recommendations they made in regard! to> the question of dividends. The «natter was referred to the full board which met the next day. next day. General Lorenzo Vega, president of the • Mexican military court, that sentenced'the three Nogales invaders to death, is in E'C Paso, and says that Colonel Ainizu Lieu tenant Guiterrez and the third prisoner, a civilian, are still in jail at Guay mas, pend ing an appeal for mercy to the President and Secretary of War In the City of Mexi co. In Mexican official circles it Is not thought the intercession of Secretary Bay ard tor leniency will have the desired effect as the standing of Colonel Arvizu in the Mexican army if not of the best. There is no sy mpathy among his own country - men, and the sentrnce of death will'un doubtedly be executed. The Indian .Severalty Law. The hill for allotting lands to the Indians in severalty became a law near the close of the last session of congress, and our pres ent system of Indian affairs will soon un der go a radical and thorough change. The purpose of this law is to place the Indians, with the exception of five civilized tribes in the Indian territory, upon farms of reasonable size ; to secure those farms to them in fee simple in such manner that the holders will he unable to ailenate them untii after twenty-five years; to open the surplus lands to white settlers for the pecuniary benefit of the Indians, and to make every Indian who takes a farm 60 allotted in severalty a citizen of the United States. This law accomplishes several purposes, all of which are desirable. It breaks up all the tribal relations of the Indians, thus destroying the anomalous condition of affairs which has compelled the govern ment to treat by treaty with its own sub jects as witli a foreign nation ; it will pro vide for the support of of the Indians until they are self-supporting without expense to the government, and it will make the Indians, amenable to the laws of the country like every other inhabitant. There are now upon the reservations ! about 200,000 Indians occupying 135,000, 000 acres of land, very little of which they use for their benefit. To give every one of them a farm of if« acres would take only 51,60:1,000 acres of land, leaving 83.400,04x1 acres to furnish homes for more than half a million settlers—Chicago AY v:s.